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2013 Minnesota Statutes

Chapter 609. Criminal Code

Chapter Sections
Section Headnote
609.001MS 2006 Renumbered 15.001

GENERAL PRINCIPLES
609.01Name and Construction
609.015Scope and Effect
609.02Definitions
609.025Jurisdiction of State
609.03Punishment When Not Otherwise Fixed
609.031Repealed, 1983 c 331 s 11
609.032Repealed, 1983 c 331 s 11
609.033Maximum Penalties; Misdemeanors
609.0331Maximum Penalties; Petty Misdemeanors
609.0332Maximum Penalty; Petty Misdemeanor Ordinance Violations
609.034Maximum Penalty; Ordinance Violations
609.0341Maximum Fines for Gross Misdemeanors; Felonies
609.035Crime Punishable under Different Provisions
609.04Conviction of Lesser Offense
609.041Proof of Prior Convictions
609.045Foreign Conviction or Acquittal
609.05Liability for Crimes of Another
609.055Capability of Children to Commit Crime
609.06Authorized Use of Force
609.065Justifiable Taking of Life
609.066Authorized Use of Deadly Force by Peace Officers
609.075Intoxication As Defense
609.08Duress
609.085Sending Written Communication
609.09Compelling Testimony; Immunity from Prosecution
609.092Juvenile Petty Offenders; Use of Restorative Justice
609.093Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 3 s 48

SENTENCES
609.095Limits of Sentences
609.10Sentences Available
609.101Surcharge on Fines, Assessments; Minimum Fines
609.102Local Correctional Fees; Imposition by Court
609.103Repealed, 2008 c 299 s 28
609.104Fine and Surcharge Collection
609.105Sentence of Imprisonment
609.1055Offenders with Serious and Persistent Mental Illness; Alternative Placement
609.106Heinous Crimes
609.107Mandatory Penalty for Certain Murderers
609.108Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect
609.109Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect
609.1095Increased Sentences for Certain Dangerous and Repeat Felony Offenders
609.11Minimum Sentences of Imprisonment
609.113Repealed, 1999 c 216 art 3 s 10
609.115Presentence Investigation
609.116Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect
609.117DNA Analysis of Certain Offenders Required
609.118Fingerprinting Required
609.119Repealed, 2005 c 136 art 12 s 12
609.12Parole or Discharge
609.125Sentence for Misdemeanor or Gross Misdemeanor
609.13Convictions of Felony or Gross Misdemeanor; When Deemed Misdemeanor or Gross Misdemeanor
609.131Certification of Misdemeanor As Petty Misdemeanor
609.132Continuance for Dismissal
609.135Stay of Imposition or Execution of Sentence
609.1351Petition for Civil Commitment
609.1352Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 6 s 16
609.14Revocation of Stay
609.145Credit for Prior Imprisonment
609.15Multiple Sentences
609.152Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 6 s 16
609.153Increased Penalties for Certain Misdemeanors
609.155Repealed, 1978 c 723 art 1 s 19
609.16Repealed, 1978 c 723 art 1 s 19
609.165Restoration of Civil Rights; Possession of Firearms
609.166Repealed, 1996 c 408 art 9 s 10
609.167Repealed, 1996 c 408 art 9 s 10
609.168Repealed, 1996 c 408 art 9 s 10

ANTICIPATORY CRIMES
609.17Attempts
609.175Conspiracy

HOMICIDE AND SUICIDE
609.18Definition
609.184Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 6 s 16
609.185Murder in the First Degree
609.19Murder in the Second Degree
609.195Murder in the Third Degree
609.196Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 6 s 16
609.20Manslaughter in the First Degree
609.205Manslaughter in the Second Degree
609.21Criminal Vehicular Homicide and Injury
609.215Suicide
609.22Repealed, 1979 c 258 s 25

CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON
609.221Assault in the First Degree
609.222Assault in the Second Degree
609.223Assault in the Third Degree
609.2231Assault in the Fourth Degree
609.2232Consecutive Sentences for Assaults Committed by State Prison Inmates
609.224Assault in the Fifth Degree
609.2241Knowing Transfer of Communicable Disease
609.2242Domestic Assault
609.2243Sentencing; Repeat Domestic Assault
609.2244Presentence Domestic Abuse Investigations
609.2245Female Genital Mutilation; Penalties
609.2246Repealed, 2013 c 43 s 32
609.2247Domestic Assault by Strangulation
609.225Repealed, 1979 c 258 s 25
609.226Harm Caused by Dog
609.227Dangerous Animals Destroyed
609.228Great Bodily Harm Caused by Distribution of Drugs
609.229Crime Committed for Benefit of Gang
609.23Mistreatment of Persons Confined
609.231Mistreatment of Residents or Patients
609.232Crimes Against Vulnerable Adults; Definitions
609.2325Criminal Abuse
609.233Criminal Neglect
609.2335Financial Exploitation of Vulnerable Adult
609.2336Deceptive or Unfair Trade Practices; Elderly or Disabled Victims
609.234Failure to Report
609.235Use of Drugs to Injure or Facilitate Crime
609.24Simple Robbery
609.245Aggravated Robbery
609.25Kidnapping
609.251Double Jeopardy; Kidnapping
609.255False Imprisonment
609.26Depriving Another of Custodial or Parental Rights
609.265Abduction

CRIMES AGAINST UNBORN CHILDREN
609.266Definitions
609.2661Murder of Unborn Child in the First Degree
609.2662Murder of Unborn Child in the Second Degree
609.2663Murder of Unborn Child in the Third Degree
609.2664Manslaughter of Unborn Child in the First Degree
609.2665Manslaughter of Unborn Child in the Second Degree
609.267Assault of Unborn Child in the First Degree
609.2671Assault of Unborn Child in the Second Degree
609.2672Assault of Unborn Child in the Third Degree
609.268Injury or Death of Unborn Child in Commission of Crime
609.269Exception
609.2691Other Convictions Not Barred

CRIMES OF COMPULSION
609.27Coercion
609.275Attempt to Coerce
609.28Interfering with Religious Observance

SEXUAL AND LABOR TRAFFICKING CRIMES
609.281Definitions
609.282Labor Trafficking
609.283Unlawful Conduct with Respect to Documents in Furtherance of Labor or Sex Trafficking
609.284Labor or Sex Trafficking Crimes; Defenses; Civil Liability; Corporate Liability
609.29Repealed, 1975 c 374 s 13
609.291Repealed, 1975 c 374 s 13
609.292Repealed, 1975 c 374 s 13

SEX CRIMES
609.293Sodomy
609.294Bestiality
609.295Repealed, 1975 c 374 s 13
609.296Repealed, 1975 c 374 s 13
609.31Leaving State to Evade Establishment of Paternity
609.32Repealed, 1979 c 255 s 9
609.321Prostitution and Sex Trafficking; Definitions
609.322Solicitation, Inducement, and Promotion of Prostitution; Sex Trafficking
609.323Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 2 s 33
609.3232Protective Order Authorized; Procedures; Penalties
609.324Patrons; Prostitutes; Housing Individuals Engaged in Prostitution; Penalties
609.3241Penalty Assessment Authorized
609.3242Prostitution Crimes Committed in School or Park Zones; Increased Penalties
609.3243Loitering with Intent to Participate in Prostitution
609.325Defenses
609.326Evidence
609.33Disorderly House
609.34Fornication
609.341Definitions
609.342Criminal Sexual Conduct in the First Degree
609.343Criminal Sexual Conduct in the Second Degree
609.344Criminal Sexual Conduct in the Third Degree
609.345Criminal Sexual Conduct in the Fourth Degree
609.3451Criminal Sexual Conduct in the Fifth Degree
609.3452Renumbered 609.3457
609.3453Criminal Sexual Predatory Conduct
609.3455Dangerous Sex Offenders; Life Sentences; Conditional Release
609.3456Use of Polygraphs for Sex Offenders on Probation or Conditional Release
609.3457Sex Offender Assessment
609.346Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 6 s 16
609.3461Renumbered 609.117
609.347Evidence in Criminal Sexual Conduct Cases
609.3471Records Pertaining to Victim Identity Confidential
609.348Medical Purposes; Exclusion
609.349Voluntary Relationships
609.35Costs of Medical Examination
609.351Applicability to Past and Present Prosecutions
609.352Solicitation of Children to Engage in Sexual Conduct; Communication of Sexually Explicit Materials to Children
609.353Jurisdiction

CRIMES AGAINST THE FAMILY
609.355Bigamy
609.36Adultery
609.364Repealed, 1985 c 286 s 24
609.3641Repealed, 1985 c 286 s 24
609.3642Repealed, 1985 c 286 s 24
609.3643Repealed, 1985 c 286 s 24
609.3644Repealed, 1985 c 286 s 24
609.365Incest
609.37Repealed, 1993 c 340 s 60
609.375Nonsupport of Spouse or Child
609.3751Discharge and Dismissal
609.376Definitions
609.377Malicious Punishment of Child
609.378Neglect or Endangerment of Child
609.3785Unharmed Newborns Left at a Safe Place; Avoidance of Prosecution
609.379Permitted Actions
609.38Stayed Sentence

CRIMES AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT
609.385Treason
609.39Misprision of Treason
609.395State Military Forces; Interfering with, Obstructing, or Other
609.396Unauthorized Presence at Camp Ripley
609.40Flags
609.405Repealed, 1987 c 10 s 1
609.41False Tax Statement

CRIMES AFFECTING PUBLIC
OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE
609.415Definitions
609.42Bribery
609.425Corruptly Influencing Legislator
609.43Misconduct of Public Officer or Employee
609.435Officer Not Filing Security
609.44Public Office; Illegally Assuming; Nonsurrender
609.445Failure to Pay over State Funds
609.45Public Officer; Unauthorized Compensation
609.455Permitting False Claims Against Government
609.456Reporting to State Auditor and Legislative Auditor Required
609.46Repealed, 1983 c 359 s 151
609.465Presenting False Claims to Public Officer or Body
609.466Medical Assistance Fraud
609.47Interference with Property in Official Custody
609.475Impersonating Officer

CRIMES AGAINST THE
ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
609.48Perjury
609.485Escape from Custody
609.486Commission of Crime While Wearing or Possessing Bullet-Resistant Vest
609.487Fleeing Peace Officer; Motor Vehicle; Other
609.49Release, Failure to Appear
609.491Failure to Appear; Petty Misdemeanor
609.493Solicitation of Mentally Impaired Persons
609.494Solicitation of Juveniles
609.495Aiding an Offender
609.496Concealing Criminal Proceeds
609.497Engaging in Business of Concealing Criminal Proceeds
609.4971Warning Subject of Investigation
609.4975Warning Subject of Surveillance or Search
609.498Tampering with Witness
609.50Obstructing Legal Process, Arrest, or Firefighting
609.501Funeral or Burial Service; Prohibited Acts
609.502Interference with Dead Body; Reporting
609.504Disarming Peace Officer
609.505Falsely Reporting Crime
609.5051Criminal Alert Network; False or Misleading Information Prohibited
609.506Prohibiting Giving Peace Officer False Name
609.507Falsely Reporting Child Abuse
609.508False Information to Financial Institution
609.51Simulating Legal Process
609.515Misconduct of Judicial or Hearing Officer

THEFT AND RELATED CRIMES
609.52Theft
609.521Possession of Shoplifting Gear
609.523Return of Stolen Property to Owners
609.525Bringing Stolen Goods into State
609.526Precious Metal and Scrap Metal Dealers; Receiving Stolen Property
609.527Identity Theft
609.528Possession or Sale of Stolen or Counterfeit Check; Penalties
609.529Mail Theft
609.53Receiving Stolen Property
609.531Forfeitures
609.5311Forfeiture of Property Associated with Controlled Substances
609.5312Forfeiture of Property Associated with Designated Offenses
609.5313Forfeiture by Judicial Action; Procedure
609.5314Administrative Forfeiture of Certain Property Seized in Connection with a Controlled Substances Seizure
609.5315Disposition of Forfeited Property
609.5316Summary Forfeitures
609.5317Real Property; Seizures
609.5318Forfeiture of Vehicles Used in Drive-by Shootings
609.5319Financial Institution Secured Interest
609.532Attachment of Deposited Funds
609.535Issuance of Dishonored Checks
609.54Embezzlement of Public Funds
609.541Protection of Library Property
609.545Misusing Credit Card to Secure Services
609.546Motor Vehicle Tampering
609.55Repealed, 1989 c 290 art 7 s 14
609.551Rustling and Livestock Theft; Penalties
609.552Unauthorized Release of Animals
609.555Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10

DAMAGE OR TRESPASS TO PROPERTY
609.556Definitions
609.56Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10
609.561Arson in the First Degree
609.562Arson in the Second Degree
609.563Arson in the Third Degree
609.5631Arson in the Fourth Degree
609.5632Arson in the Fifth Degree
609.5633Use of Ignition Devices; Petty Misdemeanor
609.564Excluded Fires
609.5641Wildfire Arson
609.565Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10
609.57Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10
609.575Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10
609.576Negligent Fires; Dangerous Smoking
609.58Repealed, 1983 c 321 s 4
609.581Definitions
609.582Burglary
609.583Sentencing; First Burglary of Dwelling
609.585Double Jeopardy
609.586Possession of Code-Grabbing Devices; Penalty
609.59Possession of Burglary or Theft Tools
609.591Damage to Timber or Wood Processing and Related Equipment
609.592Possession of Timber Damage Devices
609.593Damage or Theft to Energy Transmission or Telecommunications Equipment
609.594Damage to Property of Critical Public Service Facilities, Utilities, and Pipelines
609.595Damage to Property
609.596Killing or Harming Public Safety Dog
609.597Assaulting or Harming Police Horse; Penalties
609.599Exposing Domestic Animals to Disease
609.60Repealed, 1989 c 5 s 18
609.605Trespass
609.6055Trespass on Critical Public Service Facility; Utility; or Pipeline
609.606Unlawful Ouster or Exclusion
609.61Repealed, 1976 c 124 s 10
609.611Insurance Fraud
609.612Employment of Runners
609.615Defeating Security on Realty
609.62Defeating Security on Personalty
609.621Proof of Concealment of Property by Obligor of Secured Property

FORGERY AND RELATED CRIMES
609.625Aggravated Forgery
609.63Forgery
609.631Check Forgery; Offering Forged Check
609.632Counterfeiting of Currency
609.635Obtaining Signature by False Pretense
609.64Recording, Filing of Forged Instrument
609.645Fraudulent Statements
609.65False Certification by Notary Public
609.651State Lottery Fraud
609.652Fraudulent Drivers' Licenses and Identification Cards; Penalty
609.655Repealed, 1976 c 112 s 2

CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC SAFETY AND HEALTH
609.66Dangerous Weapons
609.661Penalty for Set Guns; Swivel Guns
609.662Shooting Victim; Duty to Render Aid
609.663Display of Handgun Ammunition
609.665Spring Guns
609.666Negligent Storage of Firearms
609.667Firearms; Removal or Alteration of Serial Number
609.668Explosive and Incendiary Devices
609.669Civil Disorder
609.67Machine Guns and Short-Barreled Shotguns
609.671Environment; Criminal Penalties
609.672Permissive Inference; Firearms in Automobiles
609.675Exposure of Unused Refrigerator or Container to Children
609.68Unlawful Deposit of Garbage, Litter, or Like
609.681Unlawful Smoking
609.684Abuse of Toxic Substances
609.685Sale of Tobacco to Children
609.6855Sale of Nicotine Delivery Products to Children
609.686False Fire Alarms; Tampering with or Injuring Fire Alarm System

PUBLIC MISCONDUCT OR NUISANCE
609.687Adulteration
609.705Unlawful Assembly
609.71Riot
609.712Real and Simulated Weapons of Mass Destruction
609.713Terroristic Threats
609.714Crimes Committed in Furtherance of Terrorism
609.715Presence at Unlawful Assembly
609.72Disorderly Conduct
609.725Repealed, 2005 c 136 art 17 s 53
609.735Concealing Identity
609.74Public Nuisance
609.745Permitting Public Nuisance
609.746Interference with Privacy
609.747Repealed, 1993 c 326 art 2 s 34
609.7475Fraudulent or Otherwise Improper Financing Statements
609.748Harassment; Restraining Order
609.749Stalking; Penalties
609.7495Physical Interference with Safe Access to Health Care

GAMBLING
609.75Gambling; Definitions
609.755Acts of or Relating to Gambling
609.76Other Acts Relating to Gambling
609.761Operations Permitted
609.762Forfeiture of Gambling Devices, Prizes and Proceeds
609.763Lawful Gambling Fraud

CRIMES AGAINST REPUTATION
609.765Criminal Defamation
609.77False Information to News Media

CRIMES RELATING TO COMMUNICATIONS
609.774Emergency Communications; Kidnappings
609.775Divulging Telephone or Telegraph Message; Nondelivery
609.776Interference with Emergency Communications
609.78Emergency Telephone Calls and Communications
609.785Repealed, 1990 c 494 s 7
609.79Obscene or Harassing Telephone Calls
609.795Letter, Telegram, or Package; Opening; Harassment
609.80Interfering with Cable Communications Systems
609.805Repealed, 2007 c 47 s 1; 2007 c 54 art 2 s 19

CRIMES RELATING TO BUSINESS
609.806Interfering with Internet Ticket Sales
609.807Event Tickets; Prohibited Acts
609.81Repealed, 1996 c 404 s 18
609.815Misconduct of Junk or Secondhand Dealer
609.82Fraud in Obtaining Credit
609.821Financial Transaction Card Fraud

RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE FRAUD
609.822Residential Mortgage Fraud

MISCELLANEOUS CRIMES
609.825Bribery of Participant or Official in Contest
609.83Falsely Impersonating Another
609.849Railroad That Obstructs Treatment of Injured Worker
609.85Crimes Against Railroad Employees and Property; Penalty
609.851False Traffic Signal
609.855Crimes Involving Transit; Shooting at Transit Vehicle
609.856Use of Police Radios during Commission of Crime; Penalties
609.857Discharging a Laser at an Aircraft

CRIMES AGAINST COMMERCE
609.86Commercial Bribery
609.87Computer Crime; Definitions
609.88Computer Damage
609.89Computer Theft
609.891Unauthorized Computer Access
609.8911Reporting Violations
609.8912Criminal Use of Encryption
609.8913Facilitating Access to Computer Security System
609.892Definitions
609.893Telecommunications and Information Services Fraud; Crime Defined
609.894Cellular Telephone Counterfeiting; Crimes Defined
609.895Counterfeited Intellectual Property; Penalties
609.896Criminal Use of Real Property

RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS (RICO)
609.901Construction of Racketeering Provisions
609.902Definitions
609.903Racketeering
609.904Criminal Penalties
609.905Criminal Forfeiture
609.907Preservation of Property Subject to Forfeiture
609.908Disposition of Forfeiture Proceeds
609.909Additional Relief Available
609.910Relation to Other Sanctions
609.911Civil Remedies
609.912Notice to Other Prosecuting Authorities

700 State Office Building, 100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55155 ♦ Phone: (651) 296-2868 ♦ TTY: 1-800-627-3529 ♦ Fax: (651) 296-0569