As used in this section, "geographic restriction" means a limitation prohibiting a defendant in a criminal proceeding or a juvenile offender in a delinquency proceeding from entering a designated property or geographic area.
A person who knows of a geographic restriction order issued against the person and intentionally enters or remains in the restricted area is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(a) A geographic restriction may be issued as a pretrial order before final disposition of the underlying criminal case, as a postconviction probationary order, or both. A geographic restriction order is independent of any condition of pretrial release or probation imposed on the defendant. A geographic restriction order may be issued in addition to a similar restriction imposed as a condition of pretrial release or probation.
(b) A court may issue a geographic restriction upon a finding that its issuance will serve the interests of protecting public safety or property. In making that determination, a court shall consider the following factors:
(1) whether a defendant's presence in a restricted area creates a risk to public safety or property;
(2) a defendant's criminal history;
(3) the likelihood of future criminal activity within the restricted area; and
(4) any other factors deemed relevant by the court.
(c) A court may grant any exceptions to a geographic restriction that it deems necessary in order to avoid the imposition of a significant hardship upon a defendant. In determining whether to grant an exception, a court shall also consider the impact of the exception on the interests of protecting public safety or property.
(d) A geographic restriction order under this section shall be issued in a proceeding that is separate from but which may be held immediately following a proceeding in which any pretrial release or sentencing issues are decided.
(e) A court issuing a geographic restriction order under this section shall notify a defendant:
(1) of the area subject to a geographic restriction; and
(2) that violation of the geographic restriction order is a crime.
(a) A court shall cancel a pretrial geographic restriction order at the final disposition of the underlying criminal case.
(b) A court shall cancel a postconviction geographic restriction order when an offender completes a period of probationary supervision or is committed to the commissioner of corrections.
(c) A court may cancel a postconviction geographic restriction order at any time during which an offender is under probationary supervision.