|145.01||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.02||[Repealed, 1976 c 44 s 70]|
|145.03||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.031||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.04||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.05||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.06||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.07||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.071||MS 2006 [Renumbered 15.001]|
|145.075||INJUNCTIVE RELIEF BROUGHT BY COMMISSIONER.|
|145.08||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.085||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.09||[Repealed, 1965 c 45 s 73]|
|145.10||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.11||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.12||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.123||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.125||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.13||[Repealed, 1980 c 357 s 22]|
|ALZHEIMER'S AND OTHER DEMENTIA DISEASES|
|145.131||FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.|
|145.132||AUTHORIZED REMOVAL OF BRAIN.|
|145.135||UNIFORM DETERMINATION OF DEATH ACT.|
|145.14||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.15||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.16||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.161||DISSECTION; WHEN PERMITTED.|
|145.162||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.1621||DISPOSITION OF ABORTED OR MISCARRIED FETUSES.|
|145.1622||POLICY FOR NOTIFICATION OF DISPOSITION OPTIONS.|
|145.163||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.17||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.18||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.19||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.20||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.21||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.22||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.23||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.24||[Repealed, 1997 c 215 s 47]|
|145.30||SUPERINTENDENT OF HOSPITALS TO TRANSFER RECORDS.|
|145.31||COPIES TO BE USED AS EVIDENCE.|
|145.32||OLD RECORDS MAY BE DESTROYED.|
|145.34||[Repealed, 1991 c 202 s 42]|
|145.35||[Repealed, 1991 c 202 s 42]|
|145.36||EXPOSING PERSON WITH CONTAGIOUS DISEASE.|
|145.365||TRAFFICKING IN SKUNKS.|
|145.37||MANUFACTURE OF CERTAIN PRODUCTS WHICH MAY BE INJURIOUS.|
|145.38||[Repealed, 1992 c 485 s 3]|
|145.385||[Repealed, 1992 c 485 s 3]|
|145.39||[Repealed, 1992 c 485 s 3]|
|145.40||[Repealed, 1992 c 485 s 3]|
|145.406||[Repealed, 1997 c 239 art 3 s 25]|
|145.41||BLOOD DONATIONS, AGE OF DONOR.|
|145.411||REGULATION OF ABORTIONS; DEFINITIONS.|
|145.413||RECORDING AND REPORTING HEALTH DATA.|
|145.4131||RECORDING AND REPORTING ABORTION DATA.|
|145.4132||RECORDING AND REPORTING ABORTION COMPLICATION DATA.|
|145.4133||REPORTING OUT-OF-STATE ABORTIONS.|
|145.4134||COMMISSIONER'S PUBLIC REPORT.|
|145.414||ABORTION NOT MANDATORY.|
|145.415||LIVE FETUS AFTER ABORTION, TREATMENT.|
|145.416||LICENSING AND REGULATION OF FACILITIES.|
|145.42||ABORTIONS; NONLIABILITY FOR REFUSAL TO PERFORM.|
|145.421||HUMAN CONCEPTUS, LIVING; DEFINITIONS.|
|145.422||EXPERIMENTATION, RESEARCH OR SALE.|
|145.423||ABORTION; LIVE BIRTHS.|
|145.4235||POSITIVE ABORTION ALTERNATIVES.|
|145.424||PROHIBITION OF TORT ACTIONS.|
|WOMAN'S RIGHT TO KNOW ACT|
|145.4244||INTERNET WEB SITE.|
|145.4245||PROCEDURE IN CASE OF MEDICAL EMERGENCY.|
|145.4249||SUPREME COURT JURISDICTION.|
|145.425||PAY TOILETS IN PUBLIC PLACES; PROHIBITIONS; PENALTY.|
|145.43||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|145.44||[Repealed, 1984 c 418 s 2]|
|145.45||[Renumbered 153A.19 subds 5,6]|
|145.46||[Repealed, 1999 c 245 art 2 s 45]|
|145.47||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|EMERGENCY CARE TO SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIMS|
|145.4712||EMERGENCY CARE TO SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIMS.|
|145.475||[Repealed, 2002 c 220 art 16 s 3]|
|145.48||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.49||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.50||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.51||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.52||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.53||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.54||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.55||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|HEALTH CARE INFORMATION,|
|145.62||PROVIDING INFORMATION TO REVIEW ORGANIZATION; IMMUNITY.|
|145.63||REVIEW ORGANIZATION; ADVISORY CAPACITY; IMMUNITY.|
|145.64||CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS OF REVIEW ORGANIZATION.|
|145.65||GUIDELINES NOT ADMISSIBLE IN EVIDENCE.|
|145.66||PENALTY FOR VIOLATION.|
|PEDIATRIC VACCINE ADMINISTRATION|
|145.667||PEDIATRIC VACCINE ADMINISTRATION.|
|145.668||HEALTHY CHILDREN THROUGH IMMUNIZATION.|
|145.67||PROTECTION OF PATIENT.|
|MALPRACTICE ACTIONS; EXPERT REVIEW|
|145.682||CERTIFICATION OF EXPERT REVIEW; AFFIDAVIT.|
|DRUG DEPENDENT PERSONS; COMMITMENT|
|145.696||[Repealed, 1973 c 572 s 18]|
|145.697||[Repealed, 1973 c 572 s 18]|
|145.698||CONFINEMENT OF DRUG DEPENDENT PERSON.|
|145.699||[Repealed, 1973 c 572 s 18]|
|145.71||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|OPHTHALMIC GOODS AND SERVICES|
|145.712||REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTACT LENSES PRESCRIPTIONS.|
|145.713||OPTOMETRIST AND PHYSICIAN PRACTICES.|
|145.72||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.73||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.74||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.75||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.751||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.76||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.761||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.77||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.78||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.79||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.80||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.81||[Repealed, 1975 c 299 s 12]|
|145.811||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.812||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.82||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.83||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.831||[Repealed, 1979 c 323 s 16]|
|145.832||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.833||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.834||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.835||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.836||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12, 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.837||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.838||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.839||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.84||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.841||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.842||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.843||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.844||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|145.845||[Repealed, 1982 c 614 s 12; 1983 c 312 art 1 s 26]|
|UNIFORM DUTIES TO|
DISABLED PERSONS ACT
|145.852||IDENTIFYING DEVICES FOR PERSONS HAVING CERTAIN CONDITIONS.|
|145.853||DUTY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER.|
|145.854||DUTY OF MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.|
|145.855||DUTY OF OTHERS.|
|145.856||FALSIFYING IDENTIFICATION OR MISREPRESENTING CONDITION; PENALTY.|
|145.861||[Repealed, 1976 c 222 s 209]|
|145.862||[Repealed, 1976 c 222 s 209]|
|145.863||[Repealed, 1976 c 222 s 209]|
|145.864||[Repealed, 1976 c 222 s 209]|
|145.865||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|145.866||[Repealed, 1976 c 222 s 209]|
|145.867||PERSONS REQUIRING SPECIAL DIETS.|
|MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH|
|145.881||MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH ADVISORY TASK FORCE.|
|145.882||MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH BLOCK GRANT DISTRIBUTION.|
|145.884||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|145.885||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 8 s 32]|
|145.886||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 8 s 32]|
|145.888||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 8 s 32]|
|145.889||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 8 s 32]|
|145.890||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 8 s 32]|
|145.893||NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM.|
|145.894||STATE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH; DUTIES, RESPONSIBILITIES.|
|145.895||DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES.|
|145.896||PROGRAM NOT A SUBSTITUTE OR REPLACEMENT.|
|145.898||SUDDEN INFANT DEATH.|
|145.899||WIC VOUCHERS FOR ORGANICS.|
|145.90||[Repealed, 2001 c 211 s 4]|
|145.901||MATERNAL DEATH STUDIES.|
|145.902||SAFE PLACE FOR NEWBORNS; HOSPITAL DUTIES; IMMUNITY.|
|145.905||LOCATION FOR BREAST-FEEDING.|
|145.906||POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION EDUCATION AND INFORMATION.|
|COMMUNITY HEALTH SERVICES|
|145.911||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.912||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|145.913||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.914||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.915||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.916||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.917||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.918||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.919||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.92||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.922||[Repealed, 1987 c 309 s 27]|
|145.923||[Renumbered 145A.14, subd 3]|
|145.924||AIDS PREVENTION GRANTS.|
|145.9245||[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 9 art 3 s 76]|
|145.925||FAMILY PLANNING GRANTS.|
|145.9255||MINNESOTA EDUCATION NOW AND BABIES LATER; HEALTH.|
|145.9256||[Repealed, 1997 c 203 art 2 s 37]|
|145.926||[Repealed, 1993 c 224 art 4 s 45]|
|145.9261||ABSTINENCE EDUCATION GRANT PROGRAM.|
|145.9265||FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME EFFECTS; DRUG-EXPOSED INFANT.|
|145.9266||FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME CAMPAIGN AND EDUCATION.|
|145.9268||COMMUNITY CLINIC GRANTS.|
|145.9269||FEDERALLY QUALIFIED HEALTH CENTERS.|
|145.927||[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 9 art 1 s 62]|
|145.928||ELIMINATING HEALTH DISPARITIES.|
|POISON CONTROL SYSTEM|
|145.93||MINNESOTA POISON INFORMATION CENTERS; ESTABLISHMENT.|
|HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE EXPOSURE|
|145.94||EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE.|
|145.95||MS 1980 [Expired]|
|LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN|
|145.951||IMPLEMENTATION PLAN; STATEWIDE PROGRAM FOR FAMILIES.|
|145.954||STANDARDS FOR PROGRAM.|
|145.955||DUTIES OF LOCAL ORGANIZATION.|
|145.956||TRAINING AND RECRUITMENT OF VOLUNTEERS.|
|YOUTH VIOLENCE PREVENTION|
|145.958||YOUTH VIOLENCE PREVENTION.|
|145.97||HILL-BURTON PROGRAM; RECORD KEEPING.|
|145.98||COUNCIL ON HEALTH PROMOTION AND WELLNESS.|
|HEALTH PROMOTION AND WELLNESS|
|145.985||HEALTH PROMOTION AND WELLNESS.|
|145.986||STATEWIDE HEALTH IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.|
In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the commissioner may in the commissioner's own name bring an action in the court of appropriate jurisdiction to enjoin any violation of a statute or rule which the commissioner is empowered to enforce or adopt, or to enjoin as a public health nuisance any activity or failure to act that adversely affects the public health.
The legislature finds that Alzheimer's and other dementia diseases occur in recipients of medical assistance. The costs the state pays in terms of human suffering, lost productivity, and medical assistance expenditures are enormous. The legislature also finds that research for the identification, cause, cure, and prevention of Alzheimer's and other dementia diseases requires autopsies and pathological studies of suspected victims. Expenses for autopsies and pathological studies are not provided for recipients of medical assistance.
If the attending physician of a recipient of medical assistance is of the opinion that the deceased recipient was a victim of Alzheimer's disease, the physician or a designated pathologist may remove the brain of the decedent. Before the physician removes the brain, the physician shall obtain the permission of the decedent's next of kin, the authorization of the county coroner or medical examiner, and the authorization of the appropriate department of the St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center. The extracted brain shall be immediately transported to the St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center in a manner prescribed by the St. Paul Ramsey Medical Center.
This section may be cited as the Uniform Determination of Death Act.
An individual is dead if the individual sustains irreversible cessation of:
(1) circulatory and respiratory functions; or
(2) all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem.
A determination of death must be made in accordance with generally accepted medical standards.
The right to dissect the dead body of a human being shall be limited to: (a) cases specially provided by statute, or by the direction or will of the deceased; (b) cases where a coroner is authorized to hold an inquest upon the body, and then only so far as the coroner may authorize dissection; (c) cases where the husband or wife shall authorize dissection for the purpose of ascertaining the cause of death, and then only to the extent so authorized; and (d) cases where one of the next of kin, charged by law with the duty of burial, shall authorize dissection for the purpose of ascertaining the cause of death and then only to the extent so authorized, provided no dissection shall be performed pursuant to this clause if there is objection by anyone of such next of kin. Every person who shall make, cause or procure to be made, any dissection of the body of a human being, except as hereinbefore provided, shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
The purpose of this section is to protect the public health and welfare by providing for the dignified and sanitary disposition of the remains of aborted or miscarried human fetuses in a uniform manner and to declare violations of this section to be a public nuisance.
For the purposes of this section, the term "remains of a human fetus" means the remains of the dead offspring of a human being that has reached a stage of development so that there are cartilaginous structures, fetal or skeletal parts after an abortion or miscarriage, whether or not the remains have been obtained by induced, spontaneous, or accidental means.
Remains of a human fetus resulting from an abortion or miscarriage, induced or occurring accidentally or spontaneously at a hospital, clinic, or medical facility must be deposited or disposed of in this state only at the place and in the manner provided by this section or, if not possible, as directed by the commissioner of health.
Hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities in which abortions are induced or occur spontaneously or accidentally and laboratories to which the remains of human fetuses are delivered must provide for the disposal of the remains by cremation, interment by burial, or in a manner directed by the commissioner of health. The hospital, clinic, medical facility, or laboratory may complete laboratory tests necessary for the health of the woman or her future offspring or for purposes of a criminal investigation or determination of parentage prior to disposing of the remains.
Failure to comply with this section constitutes a public nuisance. A person, firm, or corporation failing to comply with this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
To comply with this section, a religious service or ceremony is not required as part of the disposition of the remains of a human fetus, and no discussion of the method of disposition is required with the woman obtaining an induced abortion.
Hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities must have in place by January 15, 2009, a policy for informing a woman of available options for fetal disposition when the woman experiences a miscarriage or is expected to experience a miscarriage.
The superintendent or other chief administrative officer of any public or private hospital, by and with the consent and approval of its board of directors or other governing body, is authorized to transfer and record, or cause to be transferred and recorded, upon photographic film, electronic image, or other state-of-the-art electronic preservation technology of convenient size for the preservation thereof as evidence, any or all of the original files and records of any such hospital dealing with the case history, physical examination, and daily hospital records of the individual patients thereof, including any miscellaneous documents, papers, and correspondence in connection therewith.
Upon the transferring and recording of any such original hospital files and records in the manner hereinbefore provided, such photographic film, electronic image, or other state-of-the-art electronic preservation technology records thereof shall have the same force and effect, when offered in evidence in any proceeding in this state, as the original records from which the same were so transferred and recorded, and any copy made therefrom, when duly certified in writing, attached thereto, by the officer or employee of such hospital in charge of the records, to be such correct and complete copy thereof, shall be admitted and received in evidence, without further foundation, in any proceeding in this state with the same force and effect as the original record of such hospital from which such copy was originally made, whether the original is in existence or not.
The superintendent or other chief administrative officer of any public or private hospital, by and with the consent and approval of the board of directors or other governing body of the hospital, may divest the files and records of that hospital of any individual case records and, with that consent and approval, may destroy the records. The records shall first have been transferred and recorded as authorized in section 145.30.
Portions of individual hospital medical records that comprise an individual permanent medical record, as defined by the commissioner of health, shall be retained as authorized in section 145.30. Other portions of the individual medical record, including any miscellaneous documents, papers, and correspondence in connection with them, may be divested and destroyed after seven years without transfer to photographic film, electronic image, or other state-of-the-art electronic preservation technology.
All portions of individual hospital medical records of minors shall be maintained for seven years following the age of majority.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the retention of hospital medical records beyond the periods described in this section. Nor shall anything in this section be construed to prohibit patient access to hospital medical records as provided in sections 144.291 to 144.298.
(a) The commissioner of health shall define by rule the term "individual permanent medical record" by enumerating the specific types of records or other information that, at a minimum, must be maintained on a permanent basis by the hospital.
(b) "Individual permanent medical record" includes outpatient diagnostic and laboratory test results.
Sections 145.30 to 145.33 shall not be construed as requiring any such public or private hospital to retain among its files and records, during the period hereinbefore specified or otherwise, any such individual hospital case records, miscellaneous documents, papers, or correspondence, except as the preservation and retention thereof is otherwise required by law.
Every person who shall willfully expose self or another affected with any contagious or infectious disease, in any public place or thoroughfare, except upon the person's necessary removal in a manner not dangerous to the public health, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
In order to protect the public health and prevent human and domestic animal exposure to rabies, it shall be unlawful to:
(a) Import into or export out of this state any live skunk, for sale, barter, exchange or gift for any purpose whatsoever;
(b) Acquire, sell, barter, exchange, give, or purchase any live skunks.
The provisions of subdivision 1 do not apply to the importation, acquisition, or exportation of a skunk by a publicly or privately owned zoological park or circus or any other show where a skunk is exhibited but is not in physical contact with the public, or by scientific or educational institutions for research or educational purposes.
Violation of subdivision 1 or 3 is a misdemeanor.
It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture for sale or distribution within the state any product to be used in waterproofing or curing cement which product may be injurious to the skin or eyes of the user unless there is specified on the container of such product the chemical composition thereof, a warning of possible injurious effect, and the antidote in the event of injury.
Violation of this section shall constitute a misdemeanor.
(a) Any person of the age of 17 years or over may donate blood in any voluntary and noncompensatory blood program without the necessity of obtaining parental permission or authorization.
(b) A person who is 16 years of age may donate blood in a voluntary and noncompensatory blood program if the person obtains written permission from the person's parent or guardian.
"Viable" means able to live outside the womb even though artificial aid may be required. During the second half of its gestation period a fetus shall be considered potentially "viable."
"Hospital" means an institution licensed by the state commissioner of health; adequately and properly staffed and equipped; providing services, facilities and beds for the reception and care of one or more nonrelated persons for a continuous period longer than 24 hours for diagnosis, treatment or care of illness, injury or pregnancy; and regularly providing clinical laboratory services, diagnostic x-ray services and treatment facilities for surgery, obstetrical care or other definitive medical treatment of similar extent. "Hospital" shall not include diagnostic or treatment centers, physicians' offices or clinics, or other facilities for the foster care of children licensed by the commissioner of human services.
"Abortion facility" means those places properly recognized and licensed by the state commissioner of health under lawful rules promulgated by the commissioner for the performance of abortions.
"Abortion" includes an act, procedure or use of any instrument, medicine or drug which is supplied or prescribed for or administered to a pregnant woman which results in the termination of pregnancy.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.
NOTE: Subdivision 2 was found unconstitutional in Hodgson v. Lawson, 542 F.2d 1350 (8th Cir. 1976).
It shall be unlawful to willfully perform an abortion unless the abortion is performed:
(1) by a physician licensed to practice medicine pursuant to chapter 147, or a physician in training under the supervision of a licensed physician;
(2) in a hospital or abortion facility if the abortion is performed after the first trimester;
(3) in a manner consistent with the lawful rules promulgated by the state commissioner of health; and
(4) with the consent of the woman submitting to the abortion after a full explanation of the procedure and effect of the abortion.
It shall be unlawful to perform an abortion upon a woman who is unconscious except if the woman has been rendered unconscious for the purpose of having an abortion or if the abortion is necessary to save the life of the woman.
It shall be unlawful to perform an abortion when the fetus is potentially viable unless:
(1) the abortion is performed in a hospital;
(2) the attending physician certifies in writing that in the physician's best medical judgment the abortion is necessary to preserve the life or health of the pregnant woman; and
(3) to the extent consistent with sound medical practice the abortion is performed under circumstances which will reasonably assure the live birth and survival of the fetus.
A person who performs an abortion in violation of this section is guilty of a felony.
NOTE: Subdivisions 2 and 3, clauses (2) and (3), were found unconstitutional in Hodgson v. Lawson, 542 F.2d 1350 (8th Cir. 1976).
If any woman who has had an abortion dies from any cause within 30 days of the abortion or from any cause potentially related to the abortion within 90 days of the abortion, that fact shall be reported to the state commissioner of health.
A physician who performs an abortion and who fails to comply with subdivision 1 and transmit the required information to the state commissioner of health within 30 days after the abortion is guilty of a misdemeanor.
NOTE: Notwithstanding Minnesota Statutes, section 14.05, the repeal of subdivision 1 does not repeal rules adopted under that subdivision. Laws 2003, chapter 14, article 2, section 2.
(a) Within 90 days of July 1, 1998, the commissioner shall prepare a reporting form for use by physicians or facilities performing abortions. A copy of this section shall be attached to the form. A physician or facility performing an abortion shall obtain a form from the commissioner.
(b) The form shall require the following information:
(1) the number of abortions performed by the physician in the previous calendar year, reported by month;
(2) the method used for each abortion;
(3) the approximate gestational age expressed in one of the following increments:
(i) less than nine weeks;
(ii) nine to ten weeks;
(iii) 11 to 12 weeks;
(iv) 13 to 15 weeks;
(v) 16 to 20 weeks;
(vi) 21 to 24 weeks;
(vii) 25 to 30 weeks;
(viii) 31 to 36 weeks; or
(ix) 37 weeks to term;
(4) the age of the woman at the time the abortion was performed;
(5) the specific reason for the abortion, including, but not limited to, the following:
(i) the pregnancy was a result of rape;
(ii) the pregnancy was a result of incest;
(iii) economic reasons;
(iv) the woman does not want children at this time;
(v) the woman's emotional health is at stake;
(vi) the woman's physical health is at stake;
(vii) the woman will suffer substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function if the pregnancy continues;
(viii) the pregnancy resulted in fetal anomalies; or
(ix) unknown or the woman refused to answer;
(6) the number of prior induced abortions;
(7) the number of prior spontaneous abortions;
(8) whether the abortion was paid for by:
(i) private coverage;
(ii) public assistance health coverage; or
(9) whether coverage was under:
(i) a fee-for-service plan;
(ii) a capitated private plan; or
(10) complications, if any, for each abortion and for the aftermath of each abortion. Space for a description of any complications shall be available on the form; and
(11) the medical specialty of the physician performing the abortion.
A physician performing an abortion or a facility at which an abortion is performed shall complete and submit the form to the commissioner no later than April 1 for abortions performed in the previous calendar year. The annual report to the commissioner shall include the methods used to dispose of fetal tissue and remains.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the voluntary or required submission of other reports or forms regarding abortions.
(a) Within 90 days of July 1, 1998, the commissioner shall prepare an abortion complication reporting form for all physicians licensed and practicing in the state. A copy of this section shall be attached to the form.
(b) The Board of Medical Practice shall ensure that the abortion complication reporting form is distributed:
(1) to all physicians licensed to practice in the state, within 120 days after July 1, 1998, and by December 1 of each subsequent year; and
(2) to a physician who is newly licensed to practice in the state, at the same time as official notification to the physician that the physician is so licensed.
A physician licensed and practicing in the state who knowingly encounters an illness or injury that, in the physician's medical judgment, is related to an induced abortion or the facility where the illness or injury is encountered shall complete and submit an abortion complication reporting form to the commissioner.
A physician or facility required to submit an abortion complication reporting form to the commissioner shall do so as soon as practicable after the encounter with the abortion-related illness or injury.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the voluntary or required submission of other reports or forms regarding abortion complications.
The commissioner of human services shall report to the commissioner by April 1 each year the following information regarding abortions paid for with state funds and performed out of state in the previous calendar year:
(1) the total number of abortions performed out of state and partially or fully paid for with state funds through the medical assistance, general assistance medical care, or MinnesotaCare program, or any other program;
(2) the total amount of state funds used to pay for the abortions and expenses incidental to the abortions; and
(3) the gestational age at the time of abortion.
(a) By July 1 of each year, except for 1998 and 1999 information, the commissioner shall issue a public report providing statistics for the previous calendar year compiled from the data submitted under sections 145.4131 to 145.4133 and sections 145.4241 to 145.4249. For 1998 and 1999 information, the report shall be issued October 1, 2000. Each report shall provide the statistics for all previous calendar years, adjusted to reflect any additional information from late or corrected reports. The commissioner shall ensure that none of the information included in the public reports can reasonably lead to identification of an individual having performed or having had an abortion. All data included on the forms under sections 145.4131 to 145.4133 and sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 must be included in the public report, except that the commissioner shall maintain as confidential, data which alone or in combination may constitute information from which an individual having performed or having had an abortion may be identified using epidemiologic principles. The commissioner shall submit the report to the senate Health and Family Security Committee and the house of representatives Health and Human Services Committee.
(b) The commissioner may, by rules adopted under chapter 14, alter the submission dates established under sections 145.4131 to 145.4133 for administrative convenience, fiscal savings, or other valid reason, provided that physicians or facilities and the commissioner of human services submit the required information once each year and the commissioner issues a report once each year.
(a) If the commissioner finds that a physician or facility has failed to submit the required form under section 145.4131 within 60 days following the due date, the commissioner shall notify the physician or facility that the form is late. A physician or facility who fails to submit the required form under section 145.4131 within 30 days following notification from the commissioner that a report is late is subject to a late fee of $500 for each 30-day period, or portion thereof, that the form is overdue. If a physician or facility required to report under this section does not submit a report, or submits only an incomplete report, more than one year following the due date, the commissioner may take action to fine the physician or facility or may bring an action to require that the physician or facility be directed by a court of competent jurisdiction to submit a complete report within a period stated by court order or be subject to sanctions for civil contempt. Notwithstanding section 13.39 to the contrary, action taken by the commissioner to enforce the provision of this section shall be treated as private if the data related to this action, alone or in combination, may constitute information from which an individual having performed or having had an abortion may be identified using epidemiologic principles.
(b) If the commissioner fails to issue the public report required under section 145.4134 or fails in any way to enforce this section, a group of 100 or more citizens of the state may seek an injunction in a court of competent jurisdiction against the commissioner requiring that a complete report be issued within a period stated by court order or requiring that enforcement action be taken.
(c) A physician or facility reporting in good faith and exercising due care shall have immunity from civil, criminal, or administrative liability that might otherwise result from reporting. A physician who knowingly or recklessly submits a false report under this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(d) The commissioner may take reasonable steps to ensure compliance with sections 145.4131 to 145.4133 and to verify data provided, including but not limited to, inspection of places where abortions are performed in accordance with chapter 14.
(e) The commissioner shall develop recommendations on appropriate penalties and methods of enforcement for physicians or facilities who fail to submit the report required under section 145.4132, submit an incomplete report, or submit a late report. The commissioner shall also assess the effectiveness of the enforcement methods and penalties provided in paragraph (a) and shall recommend appropriate changes, if any. These recommendations shall be reported to the chairs of the senate Health and Family Security Committee and the house of representatives Health and Human Services Committee by November 15, 1998.
If any one or more provision, section, subdivision, sentence, clause, phrase, or word in sections 145.4131 to 145.4135, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is found to be unconstitutional, the same is hereby declared to be severable and the balance of sections 145.4131 to 145.4135 shall remain effective notwithstanding such unconstitutionality. The legislature hereby declares that it would have passed sections 145.4131 to 145.4135, and each provision, section, subdivision, sentence, clause, phrase, or word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more provision, section, subdivision, sentence, clause, phrase, or word be declared unconstitutional.
(a) No person and no hospital or institution shall be coerced, held liable or discriminated against in any manner because of a refusal to perform, accommodate, assist or submit to an abortion for any reason.
(b) It is the policy of the state of Minnesota that no health plan company as defined under section 62Q.01, subdivision 4, or health care cooperative as defined under section 62R.04, subdivision 2, shall be required to provide or provide coverage for an abortion. No provision of this chapter; of chapter 62A, 62C, 62D, 62H, 62L, 62M, 62N, 62R, 64B, or of any other chapter; of Minnesota Rules; or of Laws 1995, chapter 234, shall be construed as requiring a health plan company as defined under section 62Q.01, subdivision 4, or a health care cooperative as defined under section 62R.04, subdivision 2, to provide or provide coverage for an abortion.
(c) This section supersedes any provision of Laws 1995, chapter 234, or any act enacted prior to enactment of Laws 1995, chapter 234, that in any way limits or is inconsistent with this section. No provision of any act enacted subsequent to Laws 1995, chapter 234 shall be construed as in any way limiting or being inconsistent with this section, unless the act amends this section or expressly provides that it is intended to limit or be inconsistent with this section.
NOTE: This section was found unconstitutional as it applies to public hospitals or institutions under Hodgson v. Lawson, 542 F.2d 1350 (8th Cir. 1976).
A potentially viable fetus which is live born following an attempted abortion shall be fully recognized as a human person under the law.
If an abortion of a potentially viable fetus results in a live birth, the responsible medical personnel shall take all reasonable measures, in keeping with good medical practice, to preserve the life and health of the live born person.
(1) Unless the abortion is performed to save the life of the woman or child, or, (2) unless one or both of the parents of the unborn child agrees within 30 days of the birth to accept the parental rights and responsibilities for the child if it survives the abortion, whenever an abortion of a potentially viable fetus results in a live birth, the child shall be an abandoned ward of the state and the parents shall have no parental rights or obligations as if the parental rights had been terminated pursuant to section 260C.301. The child shall be provided for pursuant to chapter 256J.
NOTE: This section was found unconstitutional in Hodgson v. Lawson, 542 F.2d 1350 (8th Cir. 1976).
The state commissioner of health shall license and promulgate rules for facilities as defined in section 145.411, subdivision 4, which are organized for purposes of delivering abortion services.
No physician, nurse, or other person who refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion, and no hospital that refuses to permit the performance of an abortion upon its premises, shall be liable to any person for damages allegedly arising from the refusal.
No physician, nurse, or other person who refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion shall, because of that refusal, be dismissed, suspended, demoted, or otherwise prejudiced or damaged by a hospital with which the person is affiliated or by which the person is employed.
1971 c 693 s 1,2; 1986 c 444
As used in this section and section 145.422, the terms defined in this section shall have the meanings given them.
"Human conceptus" means any human organism, conceived either in the human body or produced in an artificial environment other than the human body, from fertilization through the first 265 days thereafter.
Whoever uses or permits the use of a living human conceptus for any type of scientific, laboratory research or other experimentation except to protect the life or health of the conceptus, or except as herein provided, shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
The use of a living human conceptus for research or experimentation which verifiable scientific evidence has shown to be harmless to the conceptus shall be permitted.
Whoever buys or sells a living human conceptus or nonrenewable organ of the body is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. Nothing in this subdivision prohibits (1) the buying and selling of a cell culture line or lines taken from a nonliving human conceptus; (2) payments for reasonable expenses associated with the removal, storage, and transportation of a human organ, including payments made to or on behalf of a living organ donor for actual expenses such as medical costs, lost income, or travel expenses that are incurred as a direct result of the donation of the nonrenewable organ; or (3) financial assistance payments provided under insurance and Medicare reimbursement programs.
A live child born as a result of an abortion shall be fully recognized as a human person, and accorded immediate protection under the law. All reasonable measures consistent with good medical practice, including the compilation of appropriate medical records, shall be taken to preserve the life and health of the child.
When an abortion is performed after the twentieth week of pregnancy, a physician, other than the physician performing the abortion, shall be immediately accessible to take all reasonable measures consistent with good medical practice, including the compilation of appropriate medical records, to preserve the life and health of any live birth that is the result of the abortion.
For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given:
(1) "abortion" means the use of any means to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination with those means will, with reasonable likelihood, cause the death of the unborn child. For purposes of this section, abortion does not include an abortion necessary to prevent the death of the mother;
(2) "nondirective counseling" means providing clients with:
(i) a list of health care providers and social service providers that provide prenatal care, childbirth care, infant care, foster care, adoption services, alternatives to abortion, or abortion services; and
(ii) nondirective, nonmarketing information regarding such providers; and
(3) "unborn child" means a member of the species Homo sapiens from fertilization until birth.
(a) The commissioner shall award grants to eligible applicants under paragraph (c) for the reasonable expenses of alternatives to abortion programs to support, encourage, and assist women in carrying their pregnancies to term and caring for their babies after birth by providing information on, referral to, and assistance with securing necessary services that enable women to carry their pregnancies to term and care for their babies after birth. Necessary services must include, but are not limited to:
(1) medical care;
(2) nutritional services;
(3) housing assistance;
(4) adoption services;
(5) education and employment assistance, including services that support the continuation and completion of high school;
(6) child care assistance; and
(7) parenting education and support services.
An applicant may not provide or assist a woman to obtain adoption services from a provider of adoption services that is not licensed.
(b) In addition to providing information and referral under paragraph (a), an eligible program may provide one or more of the necessary services under paragraph (a) that assists women in carrying their pregnancies to term. To avoid duplication of efforts, grantees may refer to other public or private programs, rather than provide the care directly, if a woman meets eligibility criteria for the other programs.
(c) To be eligible for a grant, an agency or organization must:
(1) be a private, nonprofit organization;
(2) demonstrate that the program is conducted under appropriate supervision;
(3) not charge women for services provided under the program;
(4) provide each pregnant woman counseled with accurate information on the developmental characteristics of babies and of unborn children, including offering the printed information described in section 145.4243;
(5) ensure that its alternatives-to-abortion program's purpose is to assist and encourage women in carrying their pregnancies to term and to maximize their potentials thereafter;
(6) ensure that none of the money provided is used to encourage or affirmatively counsel a woman to have an abortion not necessary to prevent her death, to provide her an abortion, or to directly refer her to an abortion provider for an abortion. The agency or organization may provide nondirective counseling; and
(7) have had the alternatives to abortion program in existence for at least one year as of July 1, 2005; or incorporated an alternative to abortion program that has been in existence for at least one year as of July 1, 2005.
(d) The provisions, words, phrases, and clauses of paragraph (c) are inseverable from this subdivision, and if any provision, word, phrase, or clause of paragraph (c) or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity applies to all of this subdivision.
(e) An organization that provides abortions, promotes abortions, or directly refers to an abortion provider for an abortion is ineligible to receive a grant under this program. An affiliate of an organization that provides abortions, promotes abortions, or directly refers to an abortion provider for an abortion is ineligible to receive a grant under this section unless the organizations are separately incorporated and independent from each other. To be independent, the organizations may not share any of the following:
(1) the same or a similar name;
(2) medical facilities or nonmedical facilities, including but not limited to, business offices, treatment rooms, consultation rooms, examination rooms, and waiting rooms;
(4) employee wages or salaries; or
(5) equipment or supplies, including but not limited to, computers, telephone systems, telecommunications equipment, and office supplies.
(f) An organization that receives a grant under this section and that is affiliated with an organization that provides abortion services must maintain financial records that demonstrate strict compliance with this subdivision and that demonstrate that its independent affiliate that provides abortion services receives no direct or indirect economic or marketing benefit from the grant under this section.
(g) The commissioner shall approve any information provided by a grantee on the health risks associated with abortions to ensure that the information is medically accurate.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), the commissioner has access to any information necessary to monitor and review a grantee's program as required under subdivision 4.
The commissioner shall make grants under subdivision 2 beginning no later than July 1, 2006. In awarding grants, the commissioner shall consider the program's demonstrated capacity in providing services to assist a pregnant woman in carrying her pregnancy to term. The commissioner shall monitor and review the programs of each grantee to ensure that the grantee carefully adheres to the purposes and requirements of subdivision 2 and shall cease funding a grantee that fails to do so.
Except as provided in subdivision 2, paragraph (d), if any provision, word, phrase, or clause of this section or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions, words, phrases, clauses, or applications of this section that can be given effect without the invalid provision, word, phrase, clause, or application and to this end, the provisions, words, phrases, and clauses of this section are severable.
The Minnesota Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over an action challenging the constitutionality of this section and shall expedite the resolution of the action.
No person shall maintain a cause of action or receive an award of damages on behalf of that person based on the claim that but for the negligent conduct of another, the person would have been aborted.
No person shall maintain a cause of action or receive an award of damages on the claim that but for the negligent conduct of another, a child would have been aborted.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude a cause of action for intentional or negligent malpractice or any other action arising in tort based on the failure of a contraceptive method or sterilization procedure or on a claim that, but for the negligent conduct of another, tests or treatment would have been provided or would have been provided properly which would have made possible the prevention, cure, or amelioration of any disease, defect, deficiency, or disability; provided, however, that abortion shall not have been deemed to prevent, cure, or ameliorate any disease, defect, deficiency, or disability. The failure or refusal of any person to perform or have an abortion shall not be a defense in any action, nor shall that failure or refusal be considered in awarding damages or in imposing a penalty in any action.
"Abortion" means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device to intentionally terminate the pregnancy of a female known to be pregnant, with an intention other than to increase the probability of a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth, or to remove a dead fetus.
"Attempt to perform an abortion" means an act, or an omission of a statutorily required act, that, under the circumstances as the actor believes them to be, constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in the performance of an abortion in Minnesota in violation of sections 145.4241 to 145.4249.
"Fetal anomaly incompatible with life" means a fetal anomaly diagnosed before birth that will with reasonable certainty result in death of the unborn child within three months. Fetal anomaly incompatible with life does not include conditions which can be treated.
"Medical emergency" means any condition that, on the basis of the physician's good faith clinical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant female as to necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
(a) "Perinatal hospice" means comprehensive support to the female and her family that includes support from the time of diagnosis through the time of birth and death of the infant and through the postpartum period. Supportive care may include maternal-fetal medical specialists, obstetricians, neonatologists, anesthesia specialists, clergy, social workers, and specialty nurses.
(b) The availability of perinatal hospice provides an alternative to families for whom elective pregnancy termination is not chosen.
"Physician" means a person licensed as a physician or osteopath under chapter 147.
"Probable gestational age of the unborn child" means what will, in the judgment of the physician, with reasonable probability, be the gestational age of the unborn child at the time the abortion is planned to be performed.
"Stable Internet Web site" means a Web site that, to the extent reasonably practicable, is safeguarded from having its content altered other than by the commissioner of health.
"Unborn child" means a member of the species Homo sapiens from fertilization until birth.
(a) No abortion shall be performed in this state except with the voluntary and informed consent of the female upon whom the abortion is to be performed. Except in the case of a medical emergency or if the fetus has an anomaly incompatible with life, and the female has declined perinatal hospice care, consent to an abortion is voluntary and informed only if:
(1) the female is told the following, by telephone or in person, by the physician who is to perform the abortion or by a referring physician, at least 24 hours before the abortion:
(i) the particular medical risks associated with the particular abortion procedure to be employed including, when medically accurate, the risks of infection, hemorrhage, breast cancer, danger to subsequent pregnancies, and infertility;
(ii) the probable gestational age of the unborn child at the time the abortion is to be performed;
(iii) the medical risks associated with carrying her child to term; and
(iv) for abortions after 20 weeks gestational, whether or not an anesthetic or analgesic would eliminate or alleviate organic pain to the unborn child caused by the particular method of abortion to be employed and the particular medical benefits and risks associated with the particular anesthetic or analgesic.
The information required by this clause may be provided by telephone without conducting a physical examination or tests of the patient, in which case the information required to be provided may be based on facts supplied to the physician by the female and whatever other relevant information is reasonably available to the physician. It may not be provided by a tape recording, but must be provided during a consultation in which the physician is able to ask questions of the female and the female is able to ask questions of the physician. If a physical examination, tests, or the availability of other information to the physician subsequently indicate, in the medical judgment of the physician, a revision of the information previously supplied to the patient, that revised information may be communicated to the patient at any time prior to the performance of the abortion. Nothing in this section may be construed to preclude provision of required information in a language understood by the patient through a translator;
(2) the female is informed, by telephone or in person, by the physician who is to perform the abortion, by a referring physician, or by an agent of either physician at least 24 hours before the abortion:
(i) that medical assistance benefits may be available for prenatal care, childbirth, and neonatal care;
(ii) that the father is liable to assist in the support of her child, even in instances when the father has offered to pay for the abortion; and
(iii) that she has the right to review the printed materials described in section 145.4243, that these materials are available on a state-sponsored Web site, and what the Web site address is. The physician or the physician's agent shall orally inform the female that the materials have been provided by the state of Minnesota and that they describe the unborn child, list agencies that offer alternatives to abortion, and contain information on fetal pain. If the female chooses to view the materials other than on the Web site, they shall either be given to her at least 24 hours before the abortion or mailed to her at least 72 hours before the abortion by certified mail, restricted delivery to addressee, which means the postal employee can only deliver the mail to the addressee.
The information required by this clause may be provided by a tape recording if provision is made to record or otherwise register specifically whether the female does or does not choose to have the printed materials given or mailed to her;
(3) the female certifies in writing, prior to the abortion, that the information described in clauses (1) and (2) has been furnished to her and that she has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in clause (2), item (iii); and
(4) prior to the performance of the abortion, the physician who is to perform the abortion or the physician's agent obtains a copy of the written certification prescribed by clause (3) and retains it on file with the female's medical record for at least three years following the date of receipt.
(b) Prior to administering the anesthetic or analgesic as described in paragraph (a), clause (1), item (iv), the physician must disclose to the woman any additional cost of the procedure for the administration of the anesthetic or analgesic. If the woman consents to the administration of the anesthetic or analgesic, the physician shall administer the anesthetic or analgesic or arrange to have the anesthetic or analgesic administered.
(c) A female seeking an abortion of her unborn child diagnosed with fetal anomaly incompatible with life must be informed of available perinatal hospice services and offered this care as an alternative to abortion. If perinatal hospice services are declined, voluntary and informed consent by the female seeking an abortion is given if the female receives the information required in paragraphs (a), clause (1), and (b). The female must comply with the requirements in paragraph (a), clauses (3) and (4).
(a) Within 90 days after July 1, 2003, the commissioner of health shall cause to be published, in English and in each language that is the primary language of two percent or more of the state's population, and shall cause to be available on the state Web site provided for under section 145.4244 the following printed materials in such a way as to ensure that the information is easily comprehensible:
(1) geographically indexed materials designed to inform the female of public and private agencies and services available to assist a female through pregnancy, upon childbirth, and while the child is dependent, including adoption agencies, which shall include a comprehensive list of the agencies available, a description of the services they offer, and a description of the manner, including telephone numbers, in which they might be contacted or, at the option of the commissioner of health, printed materials including a toll-free, 24-hours-a-day telephone number that may be called to obtain, orally or by a tape recorded message tailored to a zip code entered by the caller, such a list and description of agencies in the locality of the caller and of the services they offer;
(2) materials designed to inform the female of the probable anatomical and physiological characteristics of the unborn child at two-week gestational increments from the time when a female can be known to be pregnant to full term, including any relevant information on the possibility of the unborn child's survival and pictures or drawings representing the development of unborn children at two-week gestational increments, provided that any such pictures or drawings must contain the dimensions of the fetus and must be realistic and appropriate for the stage of pregnancy depicted. The materials shall be objective, nonjudgmental, and designed to convey only accurate scientific information about the unborn child at the various gestational ages. The material shall also contain objective information describing the methods of abortion procedures commonly employed, the medical risks commonly associated with each procedure, the possible detrimental psychological effects of abortion, and the medical risks commonly associated with carrying a child to term; and
(3) materials with the following information concerning an unborn child of 20 weeks gestational age and at two weeks gestational increments thereafter in such a way as to ensure that the information is easily comprehensible:
(i) the development of the nervous system of the unborn child;
(ii) fetal responsiveness to adverse stimuli and other indications of capacity to experience organic pain; and
(iii) the impact on fetal organic pain of each of the methods of abortion procedures commonly employed at this stage of pregnancy.
The material under this clause shall be objective, nonjudgmental, and designed to convey only accurate scientific information.
(b) The materials referred to in this section must be printed in a typeface large enough to be clearly legible. The Web site provided for under section 145.4244 shall be maintained at a minimum resolution of 70 DPI (dots per inch). All pictures appearing on the Web site shall be a minimum of 200x300 pixels. All letters on the Web site shall be a minimum of 11-point font. All information and pictures shall be accessible with an industry standard browser, requiring no additional plug-ins. The materials required under this section must be available at no cost from the commissioner of health upon request and in appropriate number to any person, facility, or hospital.
The commissioner of health shall develop and maintain a stable Internet Web site to provide the information described under section 145.4243. No information regarding who uses the Web site shall be collected or maintained. The commissioner of health shall monitor the Web site on a weekly basis to prevent and correct tampering.
When a medical emergency compels the performance of an abortion, the physician shall inform the female, prior to the abortion if possible, of the medical indications supporting the physician's judgment that an abortion is necessary to avert her death or that a 24-hour delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
(1) the number of females to whom the physician provided the information described in section 145.4242, clause (1); of that number, the number provided by telephone and the number provided in person; and of each of those numbers, the number provided in the capacity of a referring physician and the number provided in the capacity of a physician who is to perform the abortion;
(2) the number of females to whom the physician or an agent of the physician provided the information described in section 145.4242, clause (2); of that number, the number provided by telephone and the number provided in person; of each of those numbers, the number provided in the capacity of a referring physician and the number provided in the capacity of a physician who is to perform the abortion; and of each of those numbers, the number provided by the physician and the number provided by an agent of the physician;
(3) the number of females who availed themselves of the opportunity to obtain a copy of the printed information described in section 145.4243 other than on the Web site and the number who did not; and of each of those numbers, the number who, to the best of the reporting physician's information and belief, went on to obtain the abortion; and
(4) the number of abortions performed by the physician in which information otherwise required to be provided at least 24 hours before the abortion was not so provided because an immediate abortion was necessary to avert the female's death and the number of abortions in which such information was not so provided because a delay would create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.
The commissioner of health shall ensure that copies of the reporting forms described in subdivision 1 are provided:
(1) by December 1, 2003, and by December 1 of each subsequent year thereafter to all physicians licensed to practice in this state; and
(2) to each physician who subsequently becomes newly licensed to practice in this state, at the same time as official notification to that physician that the physician is so licensed.
By April 1, 2005, and by April 1 of each subsequent year thereafter, each physician who provided, or whose agent provided, information to one or more females in accordance with section 145.4242 during the previous calendar year shall submit to the commissioner of health a copy of the form described in subdivision 1 with the requested data entered accurately and completely.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the voluntary or required submission of other reports or forms regarding abortions.
Reports that are not submitted by the end of a grace period of 30 days following the due date shall be subject to a late fee of $500 for each additional 30-day period or portion of a 30-day period they are overdue. Any physician required to report according to this section who has not submitted a report, or has submitted only an incomplete report, more than one year following the due date, may, in an action brought by the commissioner of health, be directed by a court of competent jurisdiction to submit a complete report within a period stated by court order or be subject to sanctions for civil contempt.
By July 1, 2005, and by July 1 of each subsequent year thereafter, the commissioner of health shall issue a public report providing statistics for the previous calendar year compiled from all of the reports covering that year submitted according to this section for each of the items listed in subdivision 1. Each report shall also provide the statistics for all previous calendar years, adjusted to reflect any additional information from late or corrected reports. The commissioner of health shall take care to ensure that none of the information included in the public reports could reasonably lead to the identification of any individual providing or provided information according to section 145.4242.
The commissioner of health may consolidate the forms or reports described in this section with other forms or reports to achieve administrative convenience or fiscal savings or to reduce the burden of reporting requirements.
Any person upon whom an abortion has been performed without complying with sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 may maintain an action against the person who performed the abortion in knowing or reckless violation of sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 for actual and punitive damages. Any person upon whom an abortion has been attempted without complying with sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 may maintain an action against the person who attempted to perform the abortion in knowing or reckless violation of sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 for actual and punitive damages. No civil liability may be assessed for failure to comply with section 145.4242, clause (2), item (iii), or that portion of section 145.4242, clause (2), requiring written certification that the female has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in section 145.4242, clause (2), item (iii), unless the commissioner of health has made the printed materials or Web site address available at the time the physician or the physician's agent is required to inform the female of her right to review them.
If the commissioner of health fails to issue the public report required under section 145.4246, subdivision 6, or fails in any way to enforce Laws 2003, chapter 14, any group of ten or more citizens of this state may seek an injunction in a court of competent jurisdiction against the commissioner of health requiring that a complete report be issued within a period stated by court order. Failure to abide by such an injunction shall subject the commissioner to sanctions for civil contempt.
If judgment is rendered in favor of the plaintiff in any action described in this section, the court shall also render judgment for reasonable attorney fees in favor of the plaintiff against the defendant. If judgment is rendered in favor of the defendant and the court finds that the plaintiff's suit was frivolous and brought in bad faith, the court shall also render judgment for reasonable attorney fees in favor of the defendant against the plaintiff.
In every civil action brought under sections 145.4241 to 145.4249, the court shall rule whether the anonymity of any female upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted shall be preserved from public disclosure if she does not give her consent to such disclosure. The court, upon motion or sua sponte, shall make such a ruling and, upon determining that her anonymity should be preserved, shall issue orders to the parties, witnesses, and counsel and shall direct the sealing of the record and exclusion of individuals from courtrooms or hearing rooms to the extent necessary to safeguard her identity from public disclosure. Each order must be accompanied by specific written findings explaining why the anonymity of the female should be preserved from public disclosure, why the order is essential to that end, how the order is narrowly tailored to serve that interest, and why no reasonable, less restrictive alternative exists. In the absence of written consent of the female upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted, anyone, other than a public official, who brings an action under subdivision 1, shall do so under a pseudonym. This section may not be construed to conceal the identity of the plaintiff or of witnesses from the defendant.
If any one or more provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is found to be unconstitutional, the same is hereby declared to be severable and the balance of sections 145.4241 to 145.4249 shall remain effective notwithstanding such unconstitutionality. The legislature hereby declares that it would have passed sections 145.4241 to 145.4249, and each provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word be declared unconstitutional.
Pay toilets and urinals in public places, public conveyances or public buildings are prohibited.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.
"Emergency care to sexual assault victims" means medical examinations, procedures, and services provided at a hospital to a sexual assault victim following an alleged sexual assault.
"Emergency contraception" means a drug, drug regimen, or device approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration to prevent pregnancy when administered after sexual contact, including prescription and over-the-counter hormonal emergency contraception and intrauterine devices.
"Sexual assault" means criminal sexual conduct in the first degree under section 609.342, criminal sexual conduct in the second degree under section 609.343, criminal sexual conduct in the third degree under section 609.344, criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree under section 609.345, or incest under section 609.365.
"Sexual assault victim" means a woman or man who alleges, or is alleged to have been, sexually assaulted and who presents at a hospital as a patient.
(a) It shall be the standard of care for all hospitals that provide emergency care to, at a minimum:
(1) provide each female sexual assault victim with medically and factually accurate and unbiased written and oral information about emergency contraception from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and distributed to all hospitals by the Department of Health;
(2) orally inform each female sexual assault victim of the option of being provided with emergency contraception at the hospital; and
(3) immediately provide emergency contraception to each sexual assault victim who requests it provided it is not medically contraindicated and is ordered by a legal prescriber. Emergency contraception shall be administered in accordance with current medical protocols regarding timing and dosage necessary to complete the treatment.
(b) A hospital may administer a pregnancy test. If the pregnancy test is positive, the hospital does not have to comply with the provisions in paragraph (a).
It shall be the standard of care for all hospitals that provide emergency care to, at a minimum:
(1) provide each sexual assault victim with factually accurate and unbiased written and oral medical information about prophylactic antibiotics for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases;
(2) orally inform each sexual assault victim of the option of being provided prophylactic antibiotics for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases at the hospital; and
(3) immediately provide prophylactic antibiotics for treatment of sexually transmitted diseases to each sexual assault victim who requests it, provided it is not medically contraindicated and is ordered by a legal prescriber.
The commissioner shall accept and investigate complaints regarding hospital compliance with section 145.4712. The commissioner shall periodically determine whether hospitals are in compliance with section 145.4712. Failure to comply with section 145.4712 may be grounds for the suspension or revocation of a hospital's license under section 144.55, subdivision 6.
The commissioner of health shall refine, coordinate, and implement the state's suicide prevention plan using an evidence-based, public health approach for a life span plan focused on awareness and prevention, in collaboration with the commissioner of human services; the commissioner of public safety; the commissioner of education; the chancellor of Minnesota State Colleges and Universities; the president of the University of Minnesota; and appropriate agencies, organizations, and institutions in the community.
To the extent funds are appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner shall establish a grant program to fund:
(1) community-based programs to provide education, outreach, and advocacy services to populations who may be at risk for suicide;
(2) community-based programs that educate community helpers and gatekeepers, such as family members, spiritual leaders, coaches, and business owners, employers, and coworkers on how to prevent suicide by encouraging help-seeking behaviors;
(3) community-based programs that educate populations at risk for suicide and community helpers and gatekeepers that must include information on the symptoms of depression and other psychiatric illnesses, the warning signs of suicide, skills for preventing suicides, and making or seeking effective referrals to intervention and community resources; and
(4) community-based programs to provide evidence-based suicide prevention and intervention education to school staff, parents, and students in grades kindergarten through 12, and for students attending Minnesota colleges and universities.
(a) The commissioner shall promote the use of employee assistance and workplace programs to support employees with depression and other psychiatric illnesses and substance abuse disorders, and refer them to services. In promoting these programs, the commissioner shall collaborate with employer and professional associations, unions, and safety councils.
(b) The commissioner shall provide training and technical assistance to local public health and other community-based professionals to provide for integrated implementation of best practices for preventing suicides.
The commissioner shall coordinate with federal, regional, local, and other state agencies to collect, analyze, and annually issue a public report on Minnesota-specific data on suicide and suicidal behaviors.
To the extent funds are appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner shall conduct periodic evaluations of the impact of and outcomes from implementation of the state's suicide prevention plan and each of the activities specified in this section. By July 1, 2002, and July 1 of each even-numbered year thereafter, the commissioner shall report the results of these evaluations to the chairs of the policy and finance committees in the house of representatives and senate with jurisdiction over health and human services issues.
"Professional" means a person licensed or registered to practice a healing art under chapter 147 or 148, to practice dentistry under chapter 150A, to practice as a pharmacist under chapter 151, or to practice podiatry under chapter 153.
"Professional service" means service rendered by a professional of the type such professional is licensed to perform.
"Health care" means professional services rendered by a professional or an employee of a professional and services furnished by a hospital, sanitarium, nursing home or other institution for the hospitalization or care of human beings.
"Administrative staff" means the staff of a hospital, clinic, nursing home, nonprofit health service plan corporation, or health maintenance organization.
"Consumer director" means a director of a health service plan corporation or health maintenance organization who is not a licensed or registered health care professional.
"Preferred provider organization" means an organization that contracts with insurance carriers or other entities to arrange a network of health care providers whose services are offered to the insureds or other covered persons.
"Review organization" means a nonprofit organization acting according to clause (l), a committee as defined under section 144E.32, subdivision 2, or a committee whose membership is limited to professionals, administrative staff, and consumer directors, except where otherwise provided for by state or federal law, and which is established by one or more of the following: a hospital, a clinic, a nursing home, an ambulance service or first responder service regulated under chapter 144E, one or more state or local associations of professionals, an organization of professionals from a particular area or medical institution, a health maintenance organization as defined in chapter 62D, a community integrated service network as defined in chapter 62N, a nonprofit health service plan corporation as defined in chapter 62C, a preferred provider organization, a professional standards review organization established pursuant to United States Code, title 42, section 1320c-1 et seq., a medical review agent established to meet the requirements of section 256B.04, subdivision 15, or 256D.03, subdivision 7, paragraph (b), the Department of Human Services, or a nonprofit corporation that owns, operates, or is established by one or more of the above referenced entities, to gather and review information relating to the care and treatment of patients for the purposes of:
(a) evaluating and improving the quality of health care;
(b) reducing morbidity or mortality;
(c) obtaining and disseminating statistics and information relative to the treatment and prevention of diseases, illness and injuries;
(d) developing and publishing guidelines showing the norms of health care in the area or medical institution or in the entity or organization that established the review organization;
(e) developing and publishing guidelines designed to keep within reasonable bounds the cost of health care;
(f) developing and publishing guidelines designed to improve the safety of care provided to individuals;
(g) reviewing the safety, quality, or cost of health care services provided to enrollees of health maintenance organizations, community integrated service networks, health service plans, preferred provider organizations, and insurance companies;
(h) acting as a professional standards review organization pursuant to United States Code, title 42, section 1320c-1 et seq.;
(i) determining whether a professional shall be granted staff privileges in a medical institution, membership in a state or local association of professionals, or participating status in a nonprofit health service plan corporation, health maintenance organization, community integrated service network, preferred provider organization, or insurance company, or whether a professional's staff privileges, membership, or participation status should be limited, suspended or revoked;
(j) reviewing, ruling on, or advising on controversies, disputes or questions between:
(1) health insurance carriers, nonprofit health service plan corporations, health maintenance organizations, community integrated service networks, self-insurers and their insureds, subscribers, enrollees, or other covered persons;
(2) professional licensing boards and health providers licensed by them;
(3) professionals and their patients concerning diagnosis, treatment or care, or the charges or fees therefor;
(4) professionals and health insurance carriers, nonprofit health service plan corporations, health maintenance organizations, community integrated service networks, or self-insurers concerning a charge or fee for health care services provided to an insured, subscriber, enrollee, or other covered person;
(5) professionals or their patients and the federal, state, or local government, or agencies thereof;
(k) providing underwriting assistance in connection with professional liability insurance coverage applied for or obtained by dentists, or providing assistance to underwriters in evaluating claims against dentists;
(m) providing recommendations on the medical necessity of a health service, or the relevant prevailing community standard for a health service;
(n) providing quality assurance as required by United States Code, title 42, sections 1396r(b)(1)(b) and 1395i-3(b)(1)(b) of the Social Security Act;
(o) providing information to group purchasers of health care services when that information was originally generated within the review organization for a purpose specified by this subdivision;
(p) providing information to other, affiliated or nonaffiliated review organizations, when that information was originally generated within the review organization for a purpose specified by this subdivision, and as long as that information will further the purposes of a review organization as specified by this subdivision; or
(q) participating in a standardized incident reporting system, including Internet-based applications, to share information for the purpose of identifying and analyzing trends in medical error and iatrogenic injury.
1971 c 283 s 1; 1974 c 295 s 1,2; 1975 c 73 s 1; 1976 c 173 s 49; 1982 c 424 s 133; 1982 c 546 s 1; 1985 c 184 s 1; 1989 c 282 art 3 s 30; 1991 c 137 s 1-3; 1992 c 400 s 1,2; 1992 c 549 art 7 s 6; 1993 c 345 art 3 s 18; 1994 c 497 s 1,2; 1996 c 305 art 1 s 37; 1996 c 451 art 4 s 24; 1999 c 51 s 2; 1999 c 84 s 2; 2001 c 7 s 33; 2001 c 120 s 1
No person, firm, or corporation providing information to a review organization shall be subject to any action for damages or other relief, by reason of having furnished such information, unless such information is false and the person providing such information knew, or had reason to believe, such information was false.
No review organization and no person who is a member or employee, director, or officer of, who acts in an advisory capacity to, or who furnishes counsel or services to, a review organization shall be liable for damages or other relief in any action brought by a person or persons whose activities have been or are being scrutinized or reviewed by a review organization, by reason of the performance by the person of any duty, function, or activity of such review organization, unless the performance of such duty, function or activity was motivated by malice toward the person affected thereby. No review organization and no person shall be liable for damages or other relief in any action by reason of the performance of the review organization or person of any duty, function, or activity as a review organization or a member of a review committee or by reason of any recommendation or action of the review committee when the person acts in the reasonable belief that the action or recommendation is warranted by facts known to the person or the review organization after reasonable efforts to ascertain the facts upon which the review organization's action or recommendation is made, except that any corporation designated as a review organization under the Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, section 466 (1983) shall be subject to actions for damages or other relief by reason of any failure of a person, whose care or treatment is required to be scrutinized or reviewed by the review organization, to receive medical care or treatment as a result of a determination by the review organization that medical care was unnecessary or inappropriate.
The protections from liability provided in this subdivision shall also apply to the governing body of the review organization and shall not be waived as a result of referral of a matter from the review organization to the governing body or consideration by the governing body of decisions, recommendations, or documentation of the review organization.
No state or local association of professionals or organization of professionals from a particular area shall be liable for damages or other relief in any action brought by a person whose activities have been or are being scrutinized or reviewed by a review organization established by the association or organization, unless the association or organization was motivated by malice towards the person affected by the review or scrutiny.
(a) Except as provided in subdivision 4, data and information acquired by a review organization, in the exercise of its duties and functions, or by an individual or other entity acting at the direction of a review organization, shall be held in confidence, shall not be disclosed to anyone except to the extent necessary to carry out one or more of the purposes of the review organization, and shall not be subject to subpoena or discovery. No person described in section 145.63 shall disclose what transpired at a meeting of a review organization except to the extent necessary to carry out one or more of the purposes of a review organization. The proceedings and records of a review organization shall not be subject to discovery or introduction into evidence in any civil action against a professional arising out of the matter or matters which are the subject of consideration by the review organization. Information, documents or records otherwise available from original sources shall not be immune from discovery or use in any civil action merely because they were presented during proceedings of a review organization, nor shall any person who testified before a review organization or who is a member of it be prevented from testifying as to matters within the person's knowledge, but a witness cannot be asked about the witness' testimony before a review organization or opinions formed by the witness as a result of its hearings. For purposes of this subdivision, records of a review organization include Internet-based data derived from data shared for the purposes of the standardized incident reporting system described in section 145.61, subdivision 5, clause (q), and reports submitted electronically in compliance with sections 144.706 to 144.7069.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a review organization may release non-patient-identified aggregate trend data on medical error and iatrogenic injury and a facility may file the reports, analyses, and plans required by sections 144.706 to 144.7069 without violating this section or being subjected to a penalty under section 145.66 and without compromising the protections provided under sections 145.61 to 145.67 to the reporter of such information; to the review organization, its sponsoring organizations, and members; and to the underlying data and reports.
(c) The confidentiality protection and protection from discovery or introduction into evidence provided in this subdivision shall also apply to the governing body of the review organization and shall not be waived as a result of referral of a matter from the review organization to the governing body or consideration by the governing body of decisions, recommendations, or documentation of the review organization.
(d) The governing body of a hospital, health maintenance organization, or community integrated service network, that is owned or operated by a governmental entity, may close a meeting to discuss decisions, recommendations, deliberations, or documentation of the review organization. A meeting may not be closed except by a majority vote of the governing body in a public meeting. The closed meeting must be tape recorded and the tape must be retained by the governing body for five years.
The restrictions in subdivision 1 shall not apply to professionals requesting or seeking through discovery, data, information, or records relating to their medical staff privileges, membership, or participation status. However, any data so disclosed in such proceedings shall not be admissible in any other judicial proceeding than those brought by the professional to challenge an action relating to the professional's medical staff privileges or participation status.
Data collected, created, or maintained by the quality committee of the Hennepin County Emergency Medical Services Advisory Council when conducting a health care review activity of the emergency medical services function or services are private data on individuals or nonpublic data not on individuals, as defined in section 13.02.
A review organization that is participating in a standardized incident reporting system described in section 145.61, subdivision 5, clause (q), may release data for purposes of the reporting system, provided that the data do not identify an individual and are not released in a manner in which an individual can be identified.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit or restrict the right of the commissioner of health to access the original information, documents, or records acquired by a review organization as permitted by law.
1971 c 283 s 4; 1974 c 295 s 4; 1975 c 73 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1991 c 137 s 5; 1992 c 549 art 7 s 7; 1994 c 497 s 3; 1994 c 625 art 8 s 47; 1996 c 440 art 1 s 37; 1997 c 225 art 2 s 62; 2001 c 120 s 2-4; 2003 c 99 s 6
No guideline established by a review organization shall be admissible in evidence in any proceeding brought by or against a professional by a person to whom such professional has rendered professional services.
Any disclosure other than that authorized by section 145.64, of data and information acquired by a review committee or of what transpired at a review meeting, is a misdemeanor.
The commissioner of health shall enroll a licensed pharmacy or individual pharmacist as a program-registered provider in the pediatric vaccine administration program under section 13631 of the federal Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, Public Law 103-66, based on the program's infrastructure capacity to enroll the additional pharmacy providers in the program.
Pharmacies and pharmacists providing immunizations to children under private insurance or fee-for-service arrangements prior to June 1, 2009, that are not enrolled in the pediatric vaccine administration program under section 13631 of the federal Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, Public Law 103-66, must discontinue immunization services to children under private insurance or fee-for-service arrangements after December 31, 2009.
Nothing contained in sections 145.61 to 145.67 shall be construed to relieve any person of any liability which the person has incurred or may incur to a patient as a result of furnishing health care to such patient.
1971 c 283 s 7; 1986 c 444
For purposes of this section, "health care provider" means a physician, surgeon, dentist, or other health care professional or hospital, including all persons or entities providing health care as defined in section 145.61, subdivisions 2 and 4, or a certified health care professional employed by or providing services as an independent contractor in a hospital.
In an action alleging malpractice, error, mistake, or failure to cure, whether based on contract or tort, against a health care provider which includes a cause of action as to which expert testimony is necessary to establish a prima facie case, the plaintiff must: (1) unless otherwise provided in subdivision 3, paragraph (b), serve upon defendant with the summons and complaint an affidavit as provided in subdivision 3; and (2) serve upon defendant within 180 days after commencement of the suit an affidavit as provided by subdivision 4.
The affidavit required by subdivision 2, clause (1), must be by the plaintiff's attorney and state that:
(a) the facts of the case have been reviewed by the plaintiff's attorney with an expert whose qualifications provide a reasonable expectation that the expert's opinions could be admissible at trial and that, in the opinion of this expert, one or more defendants deviated from the applicable standard of care and by that action caused injury to the plaintiff; or
(b) the expert review required by paragraph (a) could not reasonably be obtained before the action was commenced because of the applicable statute of limitations. If an affidavit is executed pursuant to this paragraph, the affidavit in paragraph (a) must be served on defendant or the defendant's counsel within 90 days after service of the summons and complaint.
(a) The affidavit required by subdivision 2, clause (2), must be signed by each expert listed in the affidavit and by the plaintiff's attorney and state the identity of each person whom plaintiff expects to call as an expert witness at trial to testify with respect to the issues of malpractice or causation, the substance of the facts and opinions to which the expert is expected to testify, and a summary of the grounds for each opinion. Answers to interrogatories that state the information required by this subdivision satisfy the requirements of this subdivision if they are signed by the plaintiff's attorney and by each expert listed in the answers to interrogatories and served upon the defendant within 180 days after commencement of the suit against the defendant.
(b) The parties or the court for good cause shown, may by agreement, provide for extensions of the time limits specified in subdivision 2, 3, or this subdivision. Nothing in this subdivision may be construed to prevent either party from calling additional expert witnesses or substituting other expert witnesses.
(c) In any action alleging medical malpractice, all expert interrogatory answers must be signed by the attorney for the party responding to the interrogatory and by each expert listed in the answers. The court shall include in a scheduling order a deadline prior to the close of discovery for all parties to answer expert interrogatories for all experts to be called at trial. No additional experts may be called by any party without agreement of the parties or by leave of the court for good cause shown.
If the plaintiff is acting pro se, the plaintiff shall sign the affidavit or answers to interrogatories referred to in this section and is bound by those provisions as if represented by an attorney.
(a) Failure to comply with subdivision 2, clause (1), within 60 days after demand for the affidavit results, upon motion, in mandatory dismissal with prejudice of each cause of action as to which expert testimony is necessary to establish a prima facie case.
(b) Failure to comply with subdivision 2, clause (2), results, upon motion, in mandatory dismissal with prejudice of each cause of action as to which expert testimony is necessary to establish a prima facie case.
(c) Failure to comply with subdivision 4 because of deficiencies in the affidavit or answers to interrogatories results, upon motion, in mandatory dismissal with prejudice of each action as to which expert testimony is necessary to establish a prima facie case, provided that:
(1) the motion to dismiss the action identifies the claimed deficiencies in the affidavit or answers to interrogatories;
(2) the time for hearing the motion is at least 45 days from the date of service of the motion; and
(3) before the hearing on the motion, the plaintiff does not serve upon the defendant an amended affidavit or answers to interrogatories that correct the claimed deficiencies.
The signature of the plaintiff or the plaintiff's attorney constitutes a certification that the person has read the affidavit or answers to interrogatories, and that to the best of the person's knowledge, information, and belief formed after a reasonable inquiry, it is true, accurate, and made in good faith. A certification made in violation of this subdivision subjects the attorney or plaintiff responsible for such conduct to reasonable attorney's fees, costs, and disbursements.
When a person has been accused of violating any state or local law or ordinance in district court, and if it appears to the court that the defendant may be a drug dependent person, or by reason of the repeated use of drugs may not be responsible for that person's actions, the court may adjourn the proceedings and order the county attorney to file a petition for commitment of the defendant pursuant to chapter 253B, the Minnesota Commitment and Treatment Act, for confinement in a hospital, a mental health center, the Willmar Regional Treatment Center or other drug treatment facility until such time as the court feels that such person can be returned to the court.
Upon conviction of a defendant for any crime, or following revocation of probation previously granted whether or not sentence has been imposed, if it appears to the court that the defendant may be a drug dependent person, or by reason of the repeated use of drugs may be in imminent danger of becoming addicted, the court may adjourn the proceedings or suspend imposition or execution of sentence and order the county attorney to file a petition for commitment of the defendant pursuant to chapter 253B until the court feels that the person is no longer in need of institutional care and treatment.
"Dispensing" means the retail delivery of ophthalmic goods to a patient.
"Fitting" means the performance of mechanical procedures and measurements necessary to adapt and fit contact lenses after an eye examination and supervision of the trial wearing of the contact lenses, which may require revisions during the trial period.
"Ophthalmic goods" means eyeglasses, one or more eyeglass components for which a prescription is required, or contact lenses.
"Ophthalmic services" means the measuring, fitting, adjusting, fabricating, or prescribing of ophthalmic goods after an eye examination.
"Patient" means a person who has had an eye examination.
"Prescription" means a written directive from an optometrist or physician for contact lenses that must include the manufacturer's brand name, power, base curve, the name and telephone number of the prescribing optometrist or physician, patient's name, and the expiration date of the prescription. If applicable, the prescription may also include diameter, axis, add power, cylinder, peripheral curve, optical zone, or center thickness.
"Physician" means an individual licensed to practice medicine under chapter 147.
An optometrist or physician must provide a patient with a copy of the patient's prescription upon completion of the patient's eye examination and fitting. An optometrist or physician may refuse to give a patient a copy of the patient's prescription until after the patient has paid for the eye examination and fitting, but only if the optometrist or physician would have required immediate payment from that patient if the examination had revealed that no ophthalmic goods were required.
A prescription written by an optometrist or physician must expire two years after it is written, unless a different expiration date is warranted by the patient's ocular health. If the prescription is valid for less than two years, the optometrist or physician must note the medical reason for the prescription's expiration date in the patient's record and must orally explain to the patient at the time of the eye examination the reason for the prescription's expiration date.
An optometrist or physician must promptly respond to any request received from a physician, optometrist, optician, or contact lens retailer to verify a patient's prescription information in order for the person requesting the information to accurately dispense the contact lenses. Verification must be requested by telephone, fax, or through electronic communications during the prescriber's normal business hours. Consistently failing to respond to verification requests within a reasonable period of time is grounds for disciplinary action by the respective regulatory board.
When filling a contact lens prescription, no optometrist, physician, or contact lens retailer may:
(1) substitute or in any way dispense a different contact lens than the contact lens ordered on the prescription;
(2) dispense a contact lens for a period of time beyond the written expiration date; or
(3) dispense contact lenses that are not based on prescription parameters pursuant to a valid prescription.
A copy of the dispensing records must be kept on file at the dispensing location for a period of no less than two years.
No optometrist or physician may:
(1) condition the availability of an eye examination or the release of a prescription to a patient on a requirement that the patient agree to purchase ophthalmic goods from the optometrist or physician who performed the eye examination or from another specified optometrist or physician;
(2) charge a patient a fee in addition to the optometrist's or physician's examination and fitting fees as a condition of releasing the prescription to the patient. An optometrist or physician may charge a reasonable additional fee for fitting ophthalmic goods dispensed by another practitioner if that fee is imposed at the time the fitting is performed; or
(3) prescribe a manufacturer's brand name contact lens that can only be dispensed through the prescribing physician or optometrist's office.
If an optometrist or physician determines that a patient's ocular health presents a contraindication for contact lenses, the optometrist or physician must orally inform the patient of the contraindication and must document the contraindication in the patient's records. An optometrist or physician may exclude categories of contact lenses where clinically indicated.
No optometrist or physician may place on a patient's prescription, require a patient to sign, or deliver to a patient a form or notice waiving liability or responsibility for the accuracy of the eye examination or the accuracy of the ophthalmic goods and ophthalmic services dispensed by another practitioner. Prohibiting waivers of liability under this subdivision does not impose liability on an optometrist or physician for the ophthalmic goods or ophthalmic services dispensed by another practitioner pursuant to the optometrist's or physician's prescription.
(a) "disabled condition" means the condition of being unconscious, semiconscious, incoherent, or otherwise incapacitated to communicate;
(b) "disabled person" means a person in a disabled condition;
(c) "the emergency symbol" means the caduceus inscribed within a six-barred cross used by the American Medical Association to denote emergency information;
(d) "identifying device" means an identifying bracelet, necklace, metal tag, or similar device bearing the emergency symbol and the information needed in an emergency;
(e) "medical practitioner" means a person licensed or authorized to practice medicine, osteopathy, and the healing arts.
A person who suffers from epilepsy, diabetes, a cardiac condition, or any other type of illness that causes temporary blackouts, semiconscious periods, or complete unconsciousness, or who suffers from a condition requiring specific medication or medical treatment, is allergic to certain medications or items used in medical treatment, wears contact lenses, or is unable to communicate coherently or effectively in the English language, is authorized and encouraged to wear an identifying device.
Any person may carry an identification card bearing the person's name, type of medical condition, physician's name, and other medical information.
By wearing an identifying device a person gives consent for any law enforcement officer or medical practitioner who finds the person in a disabled condition to make a reasonable search of the person's clothing or other effects for an identification card of the type described in subdivision 2.
1973 c 428 s 2; 1986 c 444
A law enforcement officer shall make a diligent effort to determine whether any disabled person found is a person having epilepsy or a diabetic, or suffers from some other type of illness that would cause the condition. Whenever feasible, this effort shall be made before the person is charged with a crime or taken to a place of detention.
In seeking to determine whether a disabled person suffers from an illness, a law enforcement officer shall make a reasonable search for an identifying device and an identification card of the type described in section 145.852, subdivision 2, and examine them for emergency information. The law enforcement officer may not search for an identifying device or an identification card in a manner or to an extent that would appear to a reasonable person in the circumstances to cause an unreasonable risk of worsening the disabled person's condition. The law enforcement officer may not remove an identifying device or an identification card from the possession of a disabled person unless the removal is necessary for law enforcement purposes or to protect the safety of the disabled person.
A law enforcement officer who finds a disabled person without an identifying device or identification card is not relieved of the duty to that person to make a diligent effort to ascertain the existence of any illness causing the disabled condition.
A cause of action against a law enforcement officer does not arise from the officer's making a reasonable search of the disabled person to locate an identifying device or identification card, even though the person is not wearing an identifying device or carrying an identification card.
A law enforcement officer who determines or has reason to believe that a disabled person is suffering from an illness causing the person's condition shall promptly notify the person's physician, if practicable. If the officer is unable to ascertain the physician's identity or to communicate with the physician, the officer shall make a reasonable effort to cause the disabled person to be transported immediately to a medical practitioner or to a facility where medical treatment is available. If the officer believes it unduly dangerous to move the disabled person, the officer shall make a reasonable effort to obtain the assistance of a medical practitioner.
A medical practitioner, in discharging a duty to a disabled person whom the practitioner has undertaken to examine or treat, shall make a reasonable search for an identifying device or identification card of the type described in section 145.852, subdivision 2 and examine them for emergency information.
A cause of action against a medical practitioner does not arise from the practitioner's making a reasonable search of a disabled person to locate an identifying device or identification card, even though the person is not wearing an identifying device or carrying an identification card.
1973 c 428 s 4; 1986 c 444
A person, other than a law enforcement officer or medical practitioner, who finds a disabled person shall make a reasonable effort to notify a law enforcement officer. If a law enforcement officer or medical practitioner is not present, a person who finds a disabled person may (1) make a reasonable search for an identifying device, and (2) if the identifying device is found may make a reasonable search for an identification card of the type described in section 145.852, subdivision 2. If a device or card is located, the person making the search shall attempt promptly to bring its contents to the attention of a law enforcement officer or medical practitioner.
A cause of action does not arise from a reasonable search to locate an identifying device or identification card as authorized by subdivision 1.
A person who with intent to deceive provides, wears, uses, or possesses a false identifying device or identification card of the type described in section 145.852, subdivision 2 is guilty of a misdemeanor.
"Public facility" means an auditorium, concert hall, sports stadium, sports arena, or theater.
The commissioner of health shall make special diet identification cards available to physicians and to persons with diabetes and other conditions requiring special diets. The identification card must contain spaces for: (1) the person's name, address, and signature; (2) the physician's name, phone number, and signature; (3) a description of the person's medical condition; and (4) an expiration date. The card must also contain the following provision, in identical or substantially similar language: "The owner of this card is exempted by the commissioner of health from prohibitions on bringing outside food and drink into a public facility." Persons with medical conditions requiring a special diet may ask their physician to fill out and sign the card. The physician shall fill out and sign the card if, in the physician's medical judgment, the person has a medical condition that requires a special diet. Persons with diabetes shall be automatically assumed by physicians to require special diets. Special diet identification cards shall be valid for five years. Persons with a medical condition requiring a special diet may request a new card from their physician up to six months before the expiration date.
Persons with medical conditions requiring a special diet who present a valid special diet identification card to any employee of a public facility shall be allowed to bring in outside food and drink, subject to the limitations in subdivision 4. To be valid, the card must be filled out according to subdivision 2 and must be current. Persons with special diet identification cards must obey all other food and drink regulations established by a public facility including prohibitions on eating or drinking in certain areas of the public facility.
Public facilities may limit the amount of food and drink that may be brought into a public facility by a person with a special diet identification card to the amount that can reasonably be consumed by a single individual. Public facilities may also place limits on the size of any food or drink container carried in, if the container would be a safety hazard or interfere with other patrons or customers. Public facilities may also require persons displaying a special diet identification card to show some other form of identification.
Federal money received by the Minnesota Department of Health, pursuant to United States Code, title 42, sections 701 to 709, shall be expended to:
(1) assure access to quality maternal and child health services for mothers and children, especially those of low income and with limited availability to health services and those children at risk of physical, neurological, emotional, and developmental problems arising from chemical abuse by a mother during pregnancy;
(2) reduce infant mortality and the incidence of preventable diseases and disabling conditions among children;
(3) reduce the need for inpatient and long-term care services and to otherwise promote the health of mothers and children, especially by providing preventive and primary care services for low-income mothers and children and prenatal, delivery and postpartum care for low-income mothers;
(4) provide rehabilitative services for blind and disabled children under age 16 receiving benefits under title XVI of the Social Security Act; and
(5) provide and locate medical, surgical, corrective and other service for children who are crippled or who are suffering from conditions that lead to crippling.
The commissioner shall establish and appoint a Maternal and Child Health Advisory Task Force consisting of 15 members who will provide equal representation from:
(1) professionals with expertise in maternal and child health services;
(2) representatives of community health boards as defined in section 145A.02, subdivision 5; and
(3) consumer representatives interested in the health of mothers and children.
No members shall be employees of the state Department of Health. Section 15.059 governs the Maternal and Child Health Advisory Task Force. Notwithstanding section 15.059, the Maternal and Child Health Advisory Task Force expires June 30, 2011.
The advisory task force shall meet on a regular basis to perform the following duties:
(a) review and report on the health care needs of mothers and children throughout the state of Minnesota;
(b) review and report on the type, frequency and impact of maternal and child health care services provided to mothers and children under existing maternal and child health care programs, including programs administered by the commissioner of health;
(c) establish, review, and report to the commissioner a list of program guidelines and criteria which the advisory task force considers essential to providing an effective maternal and child health care program to low income populations and high risk persons and fulfilling the purposes defined in section 145.88;
(d) make recommendations to the commissioner for the use of other federal and state funds available to meet maternal and child health needs;
(e) make recommendations to the commissioner of health on priorities for funding the following maternal and child health services:
(1) prenatal, delivery and postpartum care,
(2) comprehensive health care for children, especially from birth through five years of age,
(3) adolescent health services,
(4) family planning services,
(5) preventive dental care,
(6) special services for chronically ill and disabled children; and
(7) any other services which promote the health of mothers and children; and
(f) establish, in consultation with the commissioner and the state Community Health Advisory Committee established under section 145A.10, subdivision 10, paragraph (a), statewide outcomes that will improve the health status of mothers and children as required in section 145A.12, subdivision 7.
1982 c 431 s 2; 1983 c 312 art 4 s 1; 1987 c 209 s 32; 1987 c 309 s 24; 1997 c 192 s 25; 1Sp2001 c 9 art 1 s 46; 2002 c 379 art 1 s 113; 1Sp2003 c 14 art 7 s 45; art 8 s 3; 2005 c 56 s 1; 2007 c 85 s 4
Any decrease in the amount of federal funding to the state for the maternal and child health block grant must be apportioned to reflect a proportional decrease for each recipient. Any increase in the amount of federal funding to the state must be distributed under subdivisions 2 and 3.
Beginning January 1, 1986, up to one-third of the total maternal and child health block grant money may be retained by the commissioner of health to:
(1) meet federal maternal and child block grant requirements of a statewide needs assessment every five years and prepare the annual federal block grant application and report;
(2) collect and disseminate statewide data on the health status of mothers and children within one year of the end of the year;
(3) provide technical assistance to community health boards in meeting statewide outcomes under section 145A.12, subdivision 7;
(4) evaluate the impact of maternal and child health activities on the health status of mothers and children;
(5) provide services to children under age 16 receiving benefits under title XVI of the Social Security Act; and
(6) perform other maternal and child health activities listed in section 145.88 and as deemed necessary by the commissioner.
(a) The maternal and child health block grant money remaining after distributions made under subdivision 2 must be allocated according to the formula in section 145A.131, subdivision 2, for distribution to community health boards.
(b) A community health board that receives funding under this section shall provide at least a 50 percent match for funds received under United States Code, title 42, sections 701 to 709. Eligible funds must be used to meet match requirements. Eligible funds include funds from local property taxes, reimbursements from third parties, fees, other funds, donations, nonfederal grants, or state funds received under the local public health grant defined in section 145A.131, that are used for maternal and child health activities as described in subdivision 7.
If a community health board decides not to participate in maternal and child health block grant activities under subdivision 3 or the commissioner determines under section 145A.131, subdivision 7, not to fund the community health board, the commissioner is responsible for directing maternal and child health block grant activities in that community health board's geographic area. The commissioner may elect to directly provide public health activities to meet the statewide outcomes or to contract with other governmental units or nonprofit organizations.
Maternal and child health block grant money allocated to a community health board under this section must be used for qualified programs for high risk and low-income individuals. Block grant money must be used for programs that:
(1) specifically address the highest risk populations, particularly low-income and minority groups with a high rate of infant mortality and children with low birth weight, by providing services, including prepregnancy family planning services, calculated to produce measurable decreases in infant mortality rates, instances of children with low birth weight, and medical complications associated with pregnancy and childbirth, including infant mortality, low birth rates, and medical complications arising from chemical abuse by a mother during pregnancy;
(2) specifically target pregnant women whose age, medical condition, maternal history, or chemical abuse substantially increases the likelihood of complications associated with pregnancy and childbirth or the birth of a child with an illness, disability, or special medical needs;
(3) specifically address the health needs of young children who have or are likely to have a chronic disease or disability or special medical needs, including physical, neurological, emotional, and developmental problems that arise from chemical abuse by a mother during pregnancy;
(4) provide family planning and preventive medical care for specifically identified target populations, such as minority and low-income teenagers, in a manner calculated to decrease the occurrence of inappropriate pregnancy and minimize the risk of complications associated with pregnancy and childbirth;
(5) specifically address the frequency and severity of childhood and adolescent health issues, including injuries in high risk target populations by providing services calculated to produce measurable decreases in mortality and morbidity;
(6) specifically address preventing child abuse and neglect, reducing juvenile delinquency, promoting positive parenting and resiliency in children, and promoting family health and economic sufficiency through public health nurse home visits under section 145A.17; or
(7) specifically address nutritional issues of women, infants, and young children through WIC clinic services.
(a) Coordinating with the statewide outcomes established under section 145A.12, subdivision 7, and with accountability measures outlined in section 145A.131, subdivision 7, each community health board that receives money under section 145.882, subdivision 3, shall select by February 1, 2005, and every five years thereafter, up to two statewide maternal and child health outcomes.
(b) For the period January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2005, each community health board must work toward the Healthy People 2010 goal to reduce the state's percentage of low birth weight infants.
(c) The commissioner shall monitor and evaluate whether each community health board has made sufficient progress toward the selected outcomes established in paragraph (b) and under section 145A.12, subdivision 7.
(d) Community health boards shall provide the commissioner with annual information necessary to evaluate progress toward selected statewide outcomes and to meet federal reporting requirements.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.
"Qualified program" means a program with professional maternal and child health care staff which is established for the purpose of providing one or more essential services in maternal and child health care to target populations of low income and high risk persons. Nothing in this subdivision shall imply that every person served must take a means test.
"Low income" means an individual or family income determined to be at or below 175 percent of the official poverty line established by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with United States Code, title 42, section 9902, as amended. With respect to an individual who is a high risk person, "low income" means that the income of the high risk person or the person's family is determined to be at or below 200 percent of the official poverty line established by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with United States Code, title 42, section 9902, as amended, or determined to meet the income eligibility requirements of medical assistance, MinnesotaCare, or the special supplemental food program for women, infants and children (WIC). The commissioner shall establish the low income level for eligibility for services to children with disabilities.
"High risk person" means a mother or child with a condition which significantly increases the probability of disease, injury, death, or other adverse health-related problem. Determination that a condition results in high risk shall be based on well-validated, scientific studies.
"Maternal and child health block grant money" means the money received by the state from the federal maternal and child health block grant. The commissioner shall carry forward from state fiscal year 1985, and succeeding years, only sufficient money for qualified programs approved through the federal award period.
"Local health agency" means the community health services agency or any public or private nonprofit organization which enters into a contract with the commissioner of health pursuant to sections 145.891 to 145.897.
"Pregnant woman" means an individual determined by a licensed physician, midwife, or appropriately trained registered nurse to have one or more fetuses in utero.
"Lactating woman" means any breast feeding individual who presents competent evidence of having been delivered of a surviving child within the 12 months immediately preceding the filing of an application for nutritional supplements.
"Infant" means an individual under one year of age.
"Child" means an individual one to five years of age.
"Nutritional risk" means individuals with any of the following characteristics:
(a) For pregnant and lactating women:
(i) Known inadequate nutritional patterns;
(iii) History of prematurity or miscarriage; or
(iv) Inadequate patterns of growth (underweight, obesity, or stunting).
(b) For infants and children:
(i) Low birth weight;
(ii) Deficient patterns of growth;
(iii) Anemia; or
(iv) Known inadequate nutritional patterns.
"Low birth weight" means a birth weight of less than 2,500 grams.
"Nutritional supplements" means any food authorized by the commissioner to be made available under this program.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health or a representative.
An eligible individual shall receive vouchers for the purchase of specified nutritional supplements in type and quantity approved by the commissioner. Alternate forms of delivery may be developed by the commissioner in appropriate cases.
An individual shall be eligible for nutritional supplements who is not receiving a similar supplement under any federal, state, or local program and
(a) Is pregnant or lactating; or
(b) Is an infant or a child; and
(c) Is eligible for or a recipient of any form of public assistance authorized by law and is certified by the local health agency to be a nutritional risk; or
(d) Is certified by the local health agency to be a nutritional risk and is without sufficient resources to purchase necessary nutritional supplements.
Eligibility for nutritional supplements shall cease upon certification by the local health agency that the individual is no longer a nutritional risk, but in no case later than:
(a) For lactating women, 12 months after the birth of a surviving child; and
(b) For children, at five years of age.
The commissioner of health shall:
(a) develop a comprehensive state plan for the delivery of nutritional supplements to pregnant and lactating women, infants, and children;
(b) contract with existing local public or private nonprofit organizations for the administration of the nutritional supplement program;
(c) develop and implement a public education program promoting the provisions of sections 145.891 to 145.897, and provide for the delivery of individual and family nutrition education and counseling at project sites. The education programs must include a campaign to promote breast feeding;
(d) develop in cooperation with other agencies and vendors a uniform state voucher system for the delivery of nutritional supplements;
(e) authorize local health agencies to issue vouchers bimonthly to some or all eligible individuals served by the agency, provided the agency demonstrates that the federal minimum requirements for providing nutrition education will continue to be met and that the quality of nutrition education and health services provided by the agency will not be adversely impacted;
(f) investigate and implement a system to reduce the cost of nutritional supplements and maintain ongoing negotiations with nonparticipating manufacturers and suppliers to maximize cost savings;
(g) develop, analyze, and evaluate the health aspects of the nutritional supplement program and establish nutritional guidelines for the program;
(h) apply for, administer, and annually expend at least 99 percent of available federal or private funds;
(i) aggressively market services to eligible individuals by conducting ongoing outreach activities and by coordinating with and providing marketing materials and technical assistance to local human services and community service agencies and nonprofit service providers;
(j) determine, on July 1 of each year, the number of pregnant women participating in each special supplemental food program for women, infants, and children (WIC) and, in 1986, 1987, and 1988, at the commissioner's discretion, designate a different food program deliverer if the current deliverer fails to increase the participation of pregnant women in the program by at least ten percent over the previous year's participation rate;
(l) ensure that any state appropriation to supplement the federal program is spent consistent with federal requirements.
The commissioner of human services shall cooperate with the commissioner of health in identifying eligible individuals. The commissioner of human services shall provide a procedure for the notification of pregnant or lactating women, infants and children receiving any form of public assistance of eligibility for benefits under this program.
This program shall not be a replacement or substitute for any other local, state, or federal program administered through the Departments of Health or Human Services, nor shall the value of the nutritional supplements be included in eligibility determination for other assistance programs.
Vouchers issued pursuant to sections 145.891 to 145.897 shall be only for the purchase of those foods determined by the commissioner to be desirable nutritional supplements for pregnant and lactating women, infants and children. These foods shall include, but not be limited to, iron fortified infant formula, vegetable or fruit juices, cereal, milk, cheese, and eggs.
The Department of Health shall develop uniform investigative guidelines and protocols for coroners and medical examiners conducting death investigations and autopsies of children under two years of age.
Vouchers for the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) may be used to purchase cost-neutral organic WIC allowable food. The commissioner of health shall regularly evaluate the list of WIC allowable food in accordance with federal requirements and shall add to the list any organic WIC allowable foods determined to be cost-neutral.
The commissioner of health may conduct maternal death studies to assist the planning, implementation, and evaluation of medical, health, and welfare service systems and to reduce the numbers of preventable maternal deaths in Minnesota.
(a) The commissioner of health has access to medical data as defined in section 13.384, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), medical examiner data as defined in section 13.83, subdivision 1, and health records created, maintained, or stored by providers as defined in section 144.291, subdivision 2, paragraph (h), without the consent of the subject of the data, and without the consent of the parent, spouse, other guardian, or legal representative of the subject of the data, when the subject of the data is a woman who died during a pregnancy or within 12 months of a fetal death, a live birth, or other termination of a pregnancy.
The commissioner has access only to medical data and health records related to deaths that occur on or after July 1, 2000.
(b) The provider or responsible authority that creates, maintains, or stores the data shall furnish the data upon the request of the commissioner. The provider or responsible authority may charge a fee for providing the data, not to exceed the actual cost of retrieving and duplicating the data.
(c) The commissioner shall make a good faith reasonable effort to notify the parent, spouse, other guardian, or legal representative of the subject of the data before collecting data on the subject. For purposes of this paragraph, "reasonable effort" means one notice is sent by certified mail to the last known address of the parent, spouse, guardian, or legal representative informing the recipient of the data collection and offering a public health nurse support visit if desired.
(d) The commissioner does not have access to coroner or medical examiner data that are part of an active investigation as described in section 13.83.
After the commissioner has collected all data about a subject of a maternal death study needed to perform the study, the data from source records obtained under subdivision 2, other than data identifying the subject, must be transferred to separate records to be maintained by the commissioner. Notwithstanding section 138.17, after the data have been transferred, all source records obtained under subdivision 2 possessed by the commissioner must be destroyed.
(a) Data provided to the commissioner from source records under subdivision 2, including identifying information on individual providers, data subjects, or their children, and data derived by the commissioner under subdivision 3 for the purpose of carrying out maternal death studies, are classified as confidential data on individuals or confidential data on decedents, as defined in sections 13.02, subdivision 3, and 13.10, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).
(b) Information classified under paragraph (a) shall not be subject to discovery or introduction into evidence in any administrative, civil, or criminal proceeding. Such information otherwise available from an original source shall not be immune from discovery or barred from introduction into evidence merely because it was utilized by the commissioner in carrying out maternal death studies.
(c) Summary data on maternal death studies created by the commissioner, which does not identify individual data subjects or individual providers, shall be public in accordance with section 13.05, subdivision 7.
(1) the newborn was born within 72 hours of being left at the hospital, as determined within a reasonable degree of medical certainty; and
(2) the newborn is left in an unharmed condition.
(b) The hospital must not inquire as to the identity of the mother or the person leaving the newborn or call the police, provided the newborn is unharmed when presented to the hospital. The hospital may ask the mother or the person leaving the newborn about the medical history of the mother or newborn but the mother or the person leaving the newborn is not required to provide any information. The hospital may provide the mother or the person leaving the newborn with information about how to contact relevant social service agencies.
Within 24 hours of receiving a newborn under this section, the hospital must inform the local welfare agency that a newborn has been left at the hospital, but must not do so before the mother or the person leaving the newborn leaves the hospital.
(a) A hospital with responsibility for performing duties under this section, and any employee, doctor, or other medical professional working at the hospital, are immune from any criminal liability that otherwise might result from their actions, if they are acting in good faith in receiving a newborn, and are immune from any civil liability that otherwise might result from merely receiving a newborn.
(b) A hospital performing duties under this section, or an employee, doctor, or other medical professional working at the hospital who is a mandated reporter under section 626.556, is immune from any criminal or civil liability that otherwise might result from the failure to make a report under that section if the person is acting in good faith in complying with this section.
A mother may breast-feed in any location, public or private, where the mother and child are otherwise authorized to be, irrespective of whether the nipple of the mother's breast is uncovered during or incidental to the breast-feeding.
(a) The commissioner of health shall work with health care facilities, licensed health and mental health care professionals, mental health advocates, consumers, and families in the state to develop materials and information about postpartum depression, including treatment resources, and develop policies and procedures to comply with this section.
(b) Physicians, traditional midwives, and other licensed health care professionals providing prenatal care to women must have available to women and their families information about postpartum depression.
(c) Hospitals and other health care facilities in the state must provide departing new mothers and fathers and other family members, as appropriate, with written information about postpartum depression, including its symptoms, methods of coping with the illness, and treatment resources.
(a) The commissioner may award grants to boards of health as defined in section 145A.02, subdivision 2, state agencies, state councils, or nonprofit corporations to provide evaluation and counseling services to populations at risk for acquiring human immunodeficiency virus infection, including, but not limited to, minorities, adolescents, intravenous drug users, and homosexual men.
(b) The commissioner may award grants to agencies experienced in providing services to communities of color, for the design of innovative outreach and education programs for targeted groups within the community who may be at risk of acquiring the human immunodeficiency virus infection, including intravenous drug users and their partners, adolescents, gay and bisexual individuals and women. Grants shall be awarded on a request for proposal basis and shall include funds for administrative costs. Priority for grants shall be given to agencies or organizations that have experience in providing service to the particular community which the grantee proposes to serve; that have policy makers representative of the targeted population; that have experience in dealing with issues relating to HIV/AIDS; and that have the capacity to deal effectively with persons of differing sexual orientations. For purposes of this paragraph, the "communities of color" are: the American-Indian community; the Hispanic community; the African-American community; and the Asian-Pacific community.
(c) All state grants awarded under this section for programs targeted to adolescents shall include the promotion of abstinence from sexual activity and drug use.
The commissioner of health may make special grants to cities, counties, groups of cities or counties, or nonprofit corporations to provide prepregnancy family planning services.
"Family planning services" means counseling by trained personnel regarding family planning; distribution of information relating to family planning, referral to licensed physicians or local health agencies for consultation, examination, medical treatment, genetic counseling, and prescriptions for the purpose of family planning; and the distribution of family planning products, such as charts, thermometers, drugs, medical preparations, and contraceptive devices. For purposes of sections 145A.01 to 145A.14, family planning shall mean voluntary action by individuals to prevent or aid conception but does not include the performance, or make referrals for encouragement of voluntary termination of pregnancy.
The commissioner shall not make special grants pursuant to this section to any nonprofit corporation which performs abortions. No state funds shall be used under contract from a grantee to any nonprofit corporation which performs abortions. This provision shall not apply to hospitals licensed pursuant to sections 144.50 to 144.56, or health maintenance organizations certified pursuant to chapter 62D.
No funds provided by grants made pursuant to this section shall be used to support any family planning services for any unemancipated minor in any elementary or secondary school building.
Except as provided in sections 144.341 and 144.342, any person employed to provide family planning services who is paid in whole or in part from funds provided under this section who advises an abortion or sterilization to any unemancipated minor shall, following such a recommendation, so notify the parent or guardian of the reasons for such an action.
The commissioner of health shall promulgate rules for approval of plans and budgets of prospective grant recipients, for the submission of annual financial and statistical reports, and the maintenance of statements of source and application of funds by grant recipients. The commissioner of health may not require that any home rule charter or statutory city or county apply for or receive grants under this subdivision as a condition for the receipt of any state or federal funds unrelated to family planning services.
The request of any person for family planning services or the refusal to accept any service shall in no way affect the right of the person to receive public assistance, public health services, or any other public service. Nothing in this section shall abridge the right of the individual to make decisions concerning family planning, nor shall any individual be required to state a reason for refusing any offer of family planning services.
Any employee of the agencies engaged in the administration of the provisions of this section may refuse to accept the duty of offering family planning services to the extent that the duty is contrary to personal beliefs. A refusal shall not be grounds for dismissal, suspension, demotion, or any other discrimination in employment. The directors or supervisors of the agencies shall reassign the duties of employees in order to carry out the provisions of this section.
All information gathered by any agency, entity, or individual conducting programs in family planning is private data on individuals within the meaning of section 13.02, subdivision 12.
A grant recipient shall inform any person requesting counseling on family planning methods or procedures of:
(1) Any methods or procedures which may be followed, including identification of any which are experimental or any which may pose a health hazard to the person;
(2) A description of any attendant discomforts or risks which might reasonably be expected;
(3) A fair explanation of the likely results, should a method fail;
(4) A description of any benefits which might reasonably be expected of any method;
(5) A disclosure of appropriate alternative methods or procedures;
(6) An offer to answer any inquiries concerning methods of procedures; and
(7) An instruction that the person is free either to decline commencement of any method or procedure or to withdraw consent to a method or procedure at any reasonable time.
Any person who receives compensation for services under any program receiving financial assistance under this section, who coerces or endeavors to coerce any person to undergo an abortion or sterilization procedure by threatening the person with the loss of or disqualification for the receipt of any benefit or service under a program receiving state or federal financial assistance shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Notwithstanding any rules to the contrary, including rules proposed in the State Register on April 1, 1991, the commissioner, in allocating grant funds for family planning special projects, shall not limit the total amount of funds that can be allocated to an organization. The commissioner shall allocate to an organization receiving grant funds on July 1, 1997, at least the same amount of grant funds for the 1998 to 1999 grant cycle as the organization received for the 1996 to 1997 grant cycle, provided the organization submits an application that meets grant funding criteria. This subdivision does not affect any procedure established in rule for allocating special project money to the different regions. The commissioner shall revise the rules for family planning special project grants so that they conform to the requirements of this subdivision. In adopting these revisions, the commissioner is not subject to the rulemaking provisions of chapter 14, but is bound by section 14.386, paragraph (a), clauses (1) and (3). Section 14.386, paragraph (b), does not apply to these rules.
1976 c 9 s 2; 1977 c 305 s 45; 1978 c 775 s 1; 1981 c 311 s 39; 1981 c 356 s 176; 1982 c 545 s 24; 1983 c 289 s 115 subd 1; 1Sp1985 c 9 art 2 s 16; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 309 s 25; 1991 c 199 art 2 s 1; 1991 c 292 art 2 s 32; 1997 c 187 art 5 s 19; 1997 c 203 art 2 s 15
To the extent funds are available for the purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner of health, in consultation with a representative from Minnesota planning, the commissioner of human services, and the commissioner of education, shall develop and implement the Minnesota education now and babies later (MN ENABL) program, targeted to adolescents ages 12 to 14, with the goal of reducing the incidence of adolescent pregnancy in the state and promoting abstinence until marriage. The program must provide a multifaceted, primary prevention, community health promotion approach to educating and supporting adolescents in the decision to postpone sexual involvement modeled after the ENABL program in California. The commissioner of health shall consult with the chief of the health education section of the California Department of Health Services for general guidance in developing and implementing the program.
"Community-based local contractor" or "contractor" includes boards of health under section 145A.02, nonprofit organizations, or school districts. The community-based local contractors may provide the education component of MN ENABL in a variety of settings including, but not limited to, schools, religious establishments, local community centers, and youth camps.
The commissioner shall:
(1) manage the grant process, including awarding and monitoring grants to community-based local contractors, and may contract with community-based local contractors that can demonstrate at least a 25 percent local match and agree to participate in the four MN ENABL program components under subdivision 4;
(2) provide technical assistance to the community-based local contractors as necessary under subdivision 4;
(3) develop and implement the evaluation component, and provide centralized coordination at the state level of the evaluation process; and
(4) explore and pursue the federal funding possibilities and specifically request funding from the United States Department of Health and Human Services to supplement the development and implementation of the program.
The program must include the following four major components:
(a) A community organization component in which the community-based local contractors shall include:
(1) use of a postponing sexual involvement education curriculum targeted to boys and girls ages 12 to 14 in schools and community settings;
(2) planning and implementing community organization strategies to convey and reinforce the MN ENABL message of postponing sexual involvement, including activities promoting awareness and involvement of parents and other primary caregivers/significant adults, schools, and community; and
(3) development of local media linkages.
(b) A statewide, comprehensive media and public relations campaign to promote changes in sexual attitudes and behaviors, and reinforce the message of postponing adolescent sexual involvement and promoting abstinence from sexual activity until marriage. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prevent the commissioner from targeting populations that historically have had a high incidence of adolescent pregnancy with culturally appropriate messages on abstinence from sexual activity.
The commissioner of health, in consultation with the commissioner of education, shall develop and implement the media and public relations campaign. In developing the campaign, the commissioner of health shall coordinate and consult with representatives from ethnic and local communities to maximize effectiveness of the social marketing approach to health promotion among the culturally diverse population of the state. The commissioner may continue to use any campaign materials or media messages developed or produced prior to July 1, 1999.
The local community-based contractors shall collaborate and coordinate efforts with other community organizations and interested persons to provide school and community-wide promotional activities that support and reinforce the message of the MN ENABL curriculum.
(c) An evaluation component which evaluates the process and the impact of the program.
The "process evaluation" must provide information to the state on the breadth and scope of the program. The evaluation must identify program areas that might need modification and identify local MN ENABL contractor strategies and procedures which are particularly effective. Contractors must keep complete records on the demographics of clients served, number of direct education sessions delivered and other appropriate statistics, and must document exactly how the program was implemented. The commissioner may select contractor sites for more in-depth case studies.
The "impact evaluation" must provide information to the state on the impact of the different components of the MN ENABL program and an assessment of the impact of the program on adolescents' related sexual knowledge, attitudes, and risk-taking behavior.
The commissioner shall compare the MN ENABL evaluation information and data with similar evaluation data from other states pursuing a similar adolescent pregnancy prevention program modeled after ENABL and use the information to improve MN ENABL and build on aspects of the program that have demonstrated a delay in adolescent sexual involvement.
(d) A training component requiring the commissioner of health, in consultation with the commissioner of education, to provide comprehensive uniform training to the local MN ENABL community-based local contractors and the direct education program staff.
The local community-based contractors may use adolescent leaders slightly older than the adolescents in the program to impart the message to postpone sexual involvement provided:
(1) the contractor follows a protocol for adult mentors/leaders and older adolescent leaders established by the commissioner of health;
(2) the older adolescent leader is accompanied by an adult leader; and
(3) the contractor uses the curriculum as directed and required by the commissioner of the Department of Health to implement this part of the program. The commissioner of health shall provide technical assistance to community-based local contractors.
The commissioner of health shall expend federal funds for abstinence education programs provided under United States Code, title 42, section 710, and state matching funds for abstinence education programs only to an abstinence education program that complies with the state plan that has been submitted to and approved by the federal Department of Health and Human Services.
The commissioner of health, in coordination with the commissioner of education and the commissioner of human services, shall design and implement a coordinated prevention effort to reduce the rates of fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects, and reduce the number of drug-exposed infants. The commissioner shall:
(1) conduct research to determine the most effective methods of preventing fetal alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol effects, and drug-exposed infants and to determine the best methods for collecting information on the incidence and prevalence of these problems in Minnesota;
(2) provide training on effective prevention methods to health care professionals and human services workers; and
(3) operate a statewide media campaign focused on reducing the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects, and reducing the number of drug-exposed infants.
The commissioner of health shall design and implement an ongoing statewide campaign to raise public awareness and educate the public about fetal alcohol syndrome and other effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. The campaign shall include messages directed to the general population as well as culturally specific and community-based messages. A toll-free resource and referral telephone line shall be included in the messages. The commissioner of health shall conduct an evaluation to determine the effectiveness of the campaign.
A statewide network of regional fetal alcohol syndrome diagnostic clinics shall be developed between the Department of Health and the University of Minnesota. This collaboration shall be based on a statewide needs assessment and shall include involvement from consumers, providers, and payors. By the end of calendar year 1998, a plan shall be developed for the clinic network, and shall include a comprehensive evaluation component. Sites shall be established in calendar year 1999. The commissioner shall not access or collect individually identifiable data for the statewide network of regional fetal alcohol syndrome diagnostic clinics. Data collected at the clinics shall be maintained according to applicable data privacy laws, including sections 144.291 to 144.298.
(a) The commissioner of health, in collaboration with the Board of Medical Practice, the Board of Nursing, and other professional boards and state agencies, shall develop materials about fetal alcohol syndrome for professional training of health care providers, social service providers, educators, and judicial and corrections systems professionals. The training shall increase knowledge and develop practical skills of professionals to help them address the needs of at-risk pregnant women and the needs of individuals affected by fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects and their families.
(b) Training for health care providers shall focus on skill building for screening, counseling, referral, and follow-up for women using or at risk of using alcohol while pregnant. Training for health care professionals shall include methods for diagnosis and evaluation of fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects. Training for education, judicial, and corrections professionals shall involve effective education strategies, methods to identify the behaviors and learning styles of children with alcohol-related birth defects, and methods to identify available referral and community resources.
(c) Training and education for social service providers shall focus on resources for assessing, referring, and treating at-risk pregnant women, changes in the mandatory reporting and commitment laws, and resources for affected children and their families.
The commissioner of health shall administer a grant education program to provide money to community organizations and coalitions to collaborate on fetal alcohol syndrome prevention and intervention strategies and activities. The commissioner shall disburse grant money through a request for proposal process or sole-source distribution where appropriate, and shall include at least one grant award for transitional skills and services for individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects.
(a) The commissioner of education shall award up to four grants to schools for pilot programs to identify and implement effective educational strategies for individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome and other alcohol-related birth defects.
(b) One grant shall be awarded in each of the following age categories:
(1) birth to three years;
(2) three to five years;
(3) six to 12 years; and
(4) 13 to 18 years.
(c) Grant proposals must include an evaluation plan, demonstrate evidence of a collaborative or multisystem approach, provide parent education and support, and show evidence of a child- and family-focused approach consistent with research-based best educational practices and other guidelines developed by the Department of Education.
(d) Children participating in the pilot program sites may be identified through child find activities or a diagnostic clinic. No identification activity may be undertaken without the consent of a child's parent or guardian.
For purposes of this section, "eligible community clinic" means:
(1) a nonprofit clinic that is established to provide health services to low income or rural population groups; provides medical, preventive, dental, or mental health primary care services; and utilizes a sliding fee scale or other procedure to determine eligibility for charity care or to ensure that no person will be denied services because of inability to pay;
(2) a governmental entity or an Indian tribal government or Indian health service unit that provides services and utilizes a sliding fee scale or other procedure as described under clause (1);
(3) a consortium of clinics comprised of entities under clause (1) or (2); or
(4) a nonprofit, tribal, or governmental entity proposing the establishment of a clinic that will provide services and utilize a sliding fee scale or other procedure as described under clause (1).
The commissioner of health shall award grants to eligible community clinics to plan, establish, or operate services to improve the ongoing viability of Minnesota's clinic-based safety net providers. Grants shall be awarded to support the capacity of eligible community clinics to serve low-income populations, reduce current or future uncompensated care burdens, or provide for improved care delivery infrastructure. The commissioner shall award grants to community clinics in metropolitan and rural areas of the state, and shall ensure geographic representation in grant awards among all regions of the state.
(a) To receive a grant under this section, an eligible community clinic must submit an application to the commissioner of health by the deadline established by the commissioner. A grant may be awarded upon the signing of a grant contract. Community clinics may apply for and the commissioner may award grants for one-year or two-year periods.
(b) An application must be on a form and contain information as specified by the commissioner but at a minimum must contain:
(1) a description of the purpose or project for which grant funds will be used;
(2) a description of the problem or problems the grant funds will be used to address;
(3) a description of achievable objectives, a work plan, and a timeline for implementation and completion of processes or projects enabled by the grant; and
(4) a process for documenting and evaluating results of the grant.
(c) The commissioner shall review each application to determine whether the application is complete and whether the applicant and the project are eligible for a grant. In evaluating applications according to paragraph (d), the commissioner shall establish criteria including, but not limited to: the eligibility of the project; the applicant's thoroughness and clarity in describing the problem grant funds are intended to address; a description of the applicant's proposed project; a description of the population demographics and service area of the proposed project; the manner in which the applicant will demonstrate the effectiveness of any projects undertaken; and evidence of efficiencies and effectiveness gained through collaborative efforts. The commissioner may also take into account other relevant factors, including, but not limited to, the percentage for which uninsured patients represent the applicant's patient base and the degree to which grant funds will be used to support services increasing or maintaining access to health care services. During application review, the commissioner may request additional information about a proposed project, including information on project cost. Failure to provide the information requested disqualifies an applicant. The commissioner has discretion over the number of grants awarded.
(d) In determining which eligible community clinics will receive grants under this section, the commissioner shall give preference to those grant applications that show evidence of collaboration with other eligible community clinics, hospitals, health care providers, or community organizations.
(a) The commissioner may award grants for activities to:
(1) provide a direct offset to expenses incurred for services provided to the clinic's target population;
(2) establish, update, or improve information, data collection, or billing systems, including electronic health records systems;
(3) procure, modernize, remodel, or replace equipment used in the delivery of direct patient care at a clinic;
(4) provide improvements for care delivery, such as increased translation and interpretation services;
(5) build a new clinic or expand an existing facility; or
(6) other projects determined by the commissioner to improve the ability of applicants to provide care to the vulnerable populations they serve.
(b) A grant awarded to an eligible community clinic may not exceed $300,000 per eligible community clinic. For an applicant applying as a consortium of clinics, a grant may not exceed $300,000 per clinic included in the consortium. The commissioner has discretion over the number of grants awarded.
The commissioner of health shall evaluate the overall effectiveness of the grant program. The commissioner shall collect progress reports to evaluate the grant program from the eligible community clinics receiving grants. Every two years, as part of this evaluation, the commissioner shall report to the legislature on the needs of community clinics and provide any recommendations for adding or changing eligible activities.
For purposes of this section, "federally qualified health center" means an entity that is receiving a grant under United States Code, title 42, section 254b, or, based on the recommendation of the Health Resources and Services Administration within the Public Health Service, is determined by the secretary to meet the requirements for receiving such a grant.
The commissioner of health shall distribute subsidies to federally qualified health centers operating in Minnesota to continue, expand, and improve federally qualified health center services to low-income populations. The commissioner shall distribute the funds appropriated under this section to federally qualified health centers operating in Minnesota as of January 1, 2007. The amount of each subsidy shall be in proportion to each federally qualified health center's amount of discounts granted to patients during the most recent calendar year as reported on the federal Uniform Data System report in conformance with the Bureau of Primary Health Care Program Expectations Policy Information Notice 98-23, except that each eligible federally qualified health center shall receive at least two percent but no more than 30 percent of the total amount of money available under this section.
It is the goal of the state, by 2010, to decrease by 50 percent the disparities in infant mortality rates and adult and child immunization rates for American Indians and populations of color, as compared with rates for whites. To do so and to achieve other measurable outcomes, the commissioner of health shall establish a program to close the gap in the health status of American Indians and populations of color as compared with whites in the following priority areas: infant mortality, breast and cervical cancer screening, HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections, adult and child immunizations, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and accidental injuries and violence.
The commissioner, in partnership with culturally based community organizations; the Indian Affairs Council under section 3.922; the Council on Affairs of Chicano/Latino People under section 3.9223; the Council on Black Minnesotans under section 3.9225; the Council on Asian-Pacific Minnesotans under section 3.9226; community health boards as defined in section 145A.02; and tribal governments, shall develop and implement a comprehensive, coordinated plan to reduce health disparities in the health disparity priority areas identified in subdivision 1.
The commissioner, in consultation with the community partners listed in subdivision 2, shall establish measurable outcomes to achieve the goal specified in subdivision 1 and to determine the effectiveness of the grants and other activities funded under this section in reducing health disparities in the priority areas identified in subdivision 1. The development of measurable outcomes must be completed before any funds are distributed under this section.
The commissioner shall enhance current data tools to ensure a statewide assessment of the risk behaviors associated with the health disparity priority areas identified in subdivision 1. The statewide assessment must be used to establish a baseline to measure the effect of activities funded under this section. To the extent feasible, the commissioner shall conduct the assessment so that the results may be compared to national data.
The commissioner shall provide the necessary expertise to grant applicants to ensure that submitted proposals are likely to be successful in reducing the health disparities identified in subdivision 1. The commissioner shall provide grant recipients with guidance and training on best or most promising strategies to use to reduce the health disparities identified in subdivision 1. The commissioner shall also assist grant recipients in the development of materials and procedures to evaluate local community activities.
(a) The commissioner, in consultation with the community partners listed in subdivision 2, shall develop the criteria and procedures used to allocate grants under this section. In developing the criteria, the commissioner shall establish an administrative cost limit for grant recipients. At the time a grant is awarded, the commissioner must provide a grant recipient with information on the outcomes established according to subdivision 3.
(b) A grant recipient must coordinate its activities to reduce health disparities with other entities receiving funds under this section that are in the grant recipient's service area.
(a) The commissioner shall award grants to eligible applicants for local or regional projects and initiatives directed at reducing health disparities in one or both of the following priority areas:
(1) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates; or
(2) increasing adult and child immunization rates in nonwhite racial and ethnic populations.
(b) The commissioner may award up to 20 percent of the funds available as planning grants. Planning grants must be used to address such areas as community assessment, coordination activities, and development of community supported strategies.
(c) Eligible applicants may include, but are not limited to, faith-based organizations, social service organizations, community nonprofit organizations, community health boards, tribal governments, and community clinics. Applicants must submit proposals to the commissioner. A proposal must specify the strategies to be implemented to address one or both of the priority areas listed in paragraph (a) and must be targeted to achieve the outcomes established according to subdivision 3.
(d) The commissioner shall give priority to applicants who demonstrate that their proposed project or initiative:
(1) is supported by the community the applicant will serve;
(2) is research-based or based on promising strategies;
(3) is designed to complement other related community activities;
(4) utilizes strategies that positively impact both priority areas;
(5) reflects racially and ethnically appropriate approaches; and
(6) will be implemented through or with community-based organizations that reflect the race or ethnicity of the population to be reached.
(a) The commissioner shall award grants to eligible applicants for local or regional projects and initiatives directed at reducing health disparities in one or more of the following priority areas:
(1) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality rates from breast and cervical cancer;
(2) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality rates from HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections;
(3) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality rates from cardiovascular disease;
(4) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality rates from diabetes; or
(5) decreasing racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality rates from accidental injuries or violence.
(b) The commissioner may award up to 20 percent of the funds available as planning grants. Planning grants must be used to address such areas as community assessment, determining community priority areas, coordination activities, and development of community supported strategies.
(c) Eligible applicants may include, but are not limited to, faith-based organizations, social service organizations, community nonprofit organizations, community health boards, and community clinics. Applicants shall submit proposals to the commissioner. A proposal must specify the strategies to be implemented to address one or more of the priority areas listed in paragraph (a) and must be targeted to achieve the outcomes established according to subdivision 3.
(d) The commissioner shall give priority to applicants who demonstrate that their proposed project or initiative:
(1) is supported by the community the applicant will serve;
(2) is research-based or based on promising strategies;
(3) is designed to complement other related community activities;
(4) utilizes strategies that positively impact more than one priority area;
(5) reflects racially and ethnically appropriate approaches; and
(6) will be implemented through or with community-based organizations that reflect the race or ethnicity of the population to be reached.
(a) The commissioner shall distribute funds to community health boards for health screening and follow-up services for tuberculosis for foreign-born persons. Funds shall be distributed based on the following formula:
(1) $1,500 per foreign-born person with pulmonary tuberculosis in the community health board's service area;
(2) $500 per foreign-born person with extrapulmonary tuberculosis in the community health board's service area;
(3) $500 per month of directly observed therapy provided by the community health board for each uninsured foreign-born person with pulmonary or extrapulmonary tuberculosis; and
(4) $50 per foreign-born person in the community health board's service area.
(b) Payments must be made at the end of each state fiscal year. The amount paid per tuberculosis case, per month of directly observed therapy, and per foreign-born person must be proportionately increased or decreased to fit the actual amount appropriated for that fiscal year.
The commissioner shall award grants to American Indian tribal governments for implementation of community interventions to reduce health disparities for the priority areas listed in subdivisions 7 and 8. A community intervention must be targeted to achieve the outcomes established according to subdivision 3. Tribal governments must submit proposals to the commissioner and must demonstrate partnerships with local public health entities. The distribution formula shall be determined by the commissioner, in consultation with the tribal governments.
The commissioner shall coordinate the projects and initiatives funded under this section with other efforts at the local, state, or national level to avoid duplication and promote complementary efforts.
Using the outcomes established according to subdivision 3, the commissioner shall conduct a biennial evaluation of the community grant programs, community health board activities, and tribal government activities funded under this section. Grant recipients, tribal governments, and community health boards shall cooperate with the commissioner in the evaluation and shall provide the commissioner with the information needed to conduct the evaluation.
The commissioner shall submit a biennial report to the legislature on the local community projects, tribal government, and community health board prevention activities funded under this section. These reports must include information on grant recipients, activities that were conducted using grant funds, evaluation data, and outcome measures, if available. These reports are due by January 15 of every other year, beginning in the year 2003.
Funds received under this section must be used to develop new programs or expand current programs that reduce health disparities. Funds must not be used to supplant current county or tribal expenditures.
The legislature finds that the needs of citizens of the state for information relating to the prompt identification and appropriate home management or referral of cases of human poisoning are best served by establishment of a single integrated poison control system, consisting of one or more regional poison information centers organized to provide statewide information and education services to the public and to health professionals.
Each odd-numbered year the commissioner shall solicit applications for the poison information centers by giving reasonable public notice of the availability of money appropriated or otherwise available. The commissioner shall select from among the entities, whether profit or nonprofit, or units of government the applicants that best fulfill the criteria specified in subdivision 4. The grant shall be paid to the grantees quarterly beginning on July 1.
In selecting grantees under this section, the commissioner of health shall determine that the following criteria are met:
(a) whether the applicant can demonstrate the ability to provide appropriate and adequate telephone poison information services to the general public and to health professionals 24 hours a day at no direct cost to users and in a manner that appropriately utilizes "911" emergency telephone services developed pursuant to chapter 403;
(b) whether the applicant can demonstrate the ability to provide adequate medical direction as well as the toxicological and related professional and technical resources needed for poison information services;
(c) whether the applicant can demonstrate the ability to provide appropriate public education and professional education services;
(d) whether the applicant can demonstrate the ability to provide poison information services in a financially sound and cost-effective manner; and
(e) whether the applicant can demonstrate the ability to cooperate with interested health professionals throughout the state to provide poison information in a coordinated fashion.
The grantees selected shall report quarterly to the commissioner of health, on a form provided by the commissioner, information about fiscal performance and status. Grantees shall also report annually information about programmatic status and performance. All relevant records and the performance of the grantee shall be monitored by the commissioner for purposes of assuring that the grantee continues to fulfill the criteria specified in subdivision 4. Should the commissioner at any time find that a grantee is not continuing to fulfill the criteria specified in subdivision 4, the commissioner may terminate the grant upon 30 days' notice.
To determine hazardous substance exposure to the community, the commissioner of health may enter the premises of any employer as defined in section 182.651, subdivision 7, including the University of Minnesota, to investigate the actual, suspected, or potential release of a hazardous substance if there is evidence or risk of exposure to the community. Before entering the commissioner shall present to the employer a statement of the reason, nature, and scope of the investigation at a particular location. As part of the investigation, and upon request to the employer, the commissioner must be allowed access to information required under the Employee Right-To-Know Act to determine if there are existing or potential health hazards to the community from the release of any hazardous substance originating in the workplace of the employer.
The commissioner may disclose to individuals or to the community, information including data made nonpublic by law, relating to the hazardous properties and health hazards of hazardous substances released from a workplace if the commissioner finds:
(1) evidence that a person requesting the information may have suffered or is likely to suffer illness or injury from exposure to a hazardous substance; or
(2) evidence of a community health risk and if the commissioner seeks to have the employer cease an activity which results in release of a hazardous substance.
Nonpublic data obtained under subdivision 1 is subject to handling, use, and storage according to established standards to prevent unauthorized use or disclosure. If the nonpublic data is required for the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of illness or injury, a personal physician may be provided with this information if the physician agrees to preserve the confidentiality of the information, except for patient health records subject to sections 144.291 to 144.298. After the disclosure of any hazardous substance information relating to a particular workplace, the commissioner shall advise the employer of the information disclosed, the date of the disclosure, and the person who received the information.
The commissioner of health, in consultation with the commissioners of education; corrections; public safety; and human services, and with the directors of the Office of Strategic and Long-Range Planning, the Council on Disability, and the councils and commission under sections 3.922 to 3.9226, may develop an implementation plan for the establishment of a statewide program to assist families in developing the full potential of their children. The program must be designed to strengthen the family, to reduce the risk of abuse to children, and to promote the long-term development of children in their home environments. The program must also be designed to use volunteers to provide support to parents, and to link parents with existing public health, education, and social services as appropriate.
"Abuse" means physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, mental injury, and threatened injury, as those terms are defined in section 626.556, subdivision 2.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health or the commissioner's designee.
The implementation plan must require the commissioner to contract with appropriate private nonprofit and governmental organizations to administer the CHILD program on a local level. The local organization, in collaboration and coordination with the Department of Health, shall be responsible for recruiting, screening training, and overseeing volunteers for the program.
The implementation plan must provide that a volunteer will be matched with a family to provide ongoing support in parenting. The volunteer shall provide the family with information on the CHILD program and other social services available. Through home visits and frequent contact, the volunteer shall provide support and guidance on raising the child and coping with stresses that may increase the risk of abuse. The volunteer shall also assist the family in obtaining other needed services from existing social services programs.
In planning for the implementation of the program, the commissioner shall:
(1) establish mechanisms to encourage families to participate in the CHILD program;
(2) establish mechanisms to identify families who may wish to participate in the CHILD program and to match volunteers with these families either before or as soon as possible after a child is born;
(3) ensure that local organizations coordinate with services already provided by the Departments of Health, Human Services, and Education to ensure that participating families receive a continuum of care;
(4) coordinate with local social services agencies, local health boards, and community health boards;
(5) ensure that services provided through the program are community-based and that the special needs of minority communities are addressed;
(6) develop and implement appropriate systems to gather data on participating families and to monitor and evaluate their progress; and
(7) evaluate the program's effectiveness.
The implementation plan shall require the local organizations to:
(1) recruit and train volunteers to serve families under the program, according to section 145.956;
(2) provide ongoing supervision and consultation to volunteers; and
(3) develop resource and referral booklets that volunteers can distribute to families served by the program. The booklets shall contain comprehensive information on the spectrum of services available to assist the family and to reduce the risk of abuse.
(a) The implementation plan shall require the local organization to carefully screen and train volunteers to provide program services. Training must prepare volunteers to:
(1) identify signs of abuse or other indications that a child may be at risk of abuse;
(2) help families develop communications skills;
(3) teach and reinforce healthy discipline techniques;
(4) provide other support a family needs to cope with stresses that increase the risk of abuse; and
(5) refer the family to other appropriate public health, education, and social services.
(b) The implementation plan shall also include procedures whereby the local agency will provide ongoing support, supervision, and training for all volunteers. Training must be culturally appropriate and community-based, and must incorporate input from parents who will be using the program's services.
The implementation plan must require that the local organization recruit minority volunteers to serve communities of color.
The implementation plan must ensure that all residents of Minnesota are eligible for services under the program. The plan must make services available on a sliding fee basis. The commissioner shall develop a sliding fee scale for the program.
For purposes of this section, "at-risk youth" means adolescents and teenagers who are likely to be a threat to the health and well-being of themselves or others through gang involvement, alcohol and drug use, unsafe sexual activity, dropping out of school, or through violence and other criminal activity.
(a) Community-based violence prevention programs may apply to the commissioner of health for technical assistance. The programs must be community-based efforts serving at-risk youth and must work in collaboration with local schools, law enforcement agencies, faith communities, and community groups to provide a comprehensive approach to reducing youth violence by addressing the needs of at-risk youth.
(b) The programs must:
(1) ensure that there are trusted adults serving as role models and mentors for at-risk youth;
(2) intervene at the first signs that a youth may be at risk and strive to rehabilitate youth who are already involved in violence;
(3) work to strengthen families;
(4) work with schools in order to keep students engaged and help them prepare for higher education or job training; and
(5) teach self-respect and respect of others so that unsafe and unhealthy behaviors may be avoided.
(c) Violence prevention programs may include, but are not limited to:
(2) job placement and support;
(3) youth violence prevention training;
(4) parent and family intervention and teaching parenting skills;
(5) school-related initiative involving police liaison officers, youth leadership, peer mediation systems, after-school activities, and intervention in truancy cases;
(6) chemical dependency and mental health intervention, screening, and assessment;
(7) assisting juvenile offenders in reconnecting with families and reintegrating into the community;
(8) working with youth to prevent sexual violence;
(9) working with youth to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections; and
(10) a youth helpline and street outreach workers to connect youth with needed services.
(a) The commissioner of health, in collaboration with the commissioners of public safety, human services, and education, shall identify five community-based violence prevention programs that meet the criteria described in this section. One of these programs identified must be serving the youth in Minneapolis, one program must be serving the youth in St. Paul, and the remaining three programs must be serving youth in outstate communities.
(b) The commissioner of health shall provide technical support to these community programs including, but not limited to, assistance in seeking and applying for federal grants and private foundation funding.
(c) The commissioner of health shall monitor the progress of these programs in terms of the impact on public health and reducing juvenile violent crime and shall identify the effective aspects of each program in order to assist other programs in replicating these successful aspects.
(d) The commissioner of health shall apply for private, state, or federal funding to support the activities described in this subdivision. This subdivision is effective upon the availability of funding to support these activities.
The commissioner shall maintain records on the number and nature of complaints received and any actions taken to implement or enforce the Hill-Burton laws and rules.
The commissioner of health may appoint an Advisory Task Force on Health Promotion and Wellness. Members of the task force shall be experienced or interested in health promotion and wellness. There shall be at least one member from each congressional district. The task force shall expire, and the terms, compensation, and removal of members shall be governed by section 15.059.
The task force may solicit, receive, and disburse funds made available for health promotion and wellness.
Community health boards as defined in section 145A.02, subdivision 5, may work with schools, health care providers, and others to coordinate health and wellness programs in their communities. In order to meet the requirements of this section, community health boards may:
(1) provide instruction, technical assistance, and recommendations on how to evaluate project outcomes;
(2) assist with on-site health and wellness programs utilizing volunteers and others addressing health and wellness topics including smoking, nutrition, obesity, and others; and
(3) encourage health and wellness programs consistent with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Community Guide and goals consistent with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Healthy People 2010 initiative.
(a) Beginning July 1, 2009, the commissioner of health shall award competitive grants to community health boards established pursuant to section 145A.09 and tribal governments to convene, coordinate, and implement evidence-based strategies targeted at reducing the percentage of Minnesotans who are obese or overweight and to reduce the use of tobacco.
(b) Grantee activities shall:
(1) be based on scientific evidence;
(2) be based on community input;
(3) address behavior change at the individual, community, and systems levels;
(4) occur in community, school, worksite, and health care settings; and
(5) be focused on policy, systems, and environmental changes that support healthy behaviors.
(c) To receive a grant under this section, community health boards and tribal governments must submit proposals to the commissioner. A local match of ten percent of the total funding allocation is required. This local match may include funds donated by community partners.
(d) In order to receive a grant, community health boards and tribal governments must submit a health improvement plan to the commissioner of health for approval. The commissioner may require the plan to identify a community leadership team, community partners, and a community action plan that includes an assessment of area strengths and needs, proposed action strategies, technical assistance needs, and a staffing plan.
(e) The grant recipient must implement the health improvement plan, evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions, and modify or discontinue interventions found to be ineffective.
(f) By January 15, 2011, the commissioner of health shall recommend whether any funding should be distributed to community health boards and tribal governments based on health disparities demonstrated in the populations served.
(g) Grant recipients shall report their activities and their progress toward the outcomes established under subdivision 2 to the commissioner in a format and at a time specified by the commissioner.
(h) All grant recipients shall be held accountable for making progress toward the measurable outcomes established in subdivision 2. The commissioner shall require a corrective action plan and may reduce the funding level of grant recipients that do not make adequate progress toward the measurable outcomes.
(a) The commissioner shall set measurable outcomes to meet the goals specified in subdivision 1, and annually review the progress of grant recipients in meeting the outcomes.
(b) The commissioner shall measure current public health status, using existing measures and data collection systems when available, to determine baseline data against which progress shall be monitored.
The commissioner shall provide content expertise, technical expertise, and training to grant recipients and advice on evidence-based strategies, including those based on populations and types of communities served. The commissioner shall ensure that the statewide health improvement program meets the outcomes established under subdivision 2 by conducting a comprehensive statewide evaluation and assisting grant recipients to modify or discontinue interventions found to be ineffective.
Using the outcome measures established in subdivision 3, the commissioner shall conduct a biennial evaluation of the statewide health improvement program funded under this section. Grant recipients shall cooperate with the commissioner in the evaluation and provide the commissioner with the information necessary to conduct the evaluation.
The commissioner shall submit a biennial report to the legislature on the statewide health improvement program funded under this section. These reports must include information on grant recipients, activities that were conducted using grant funds, evaluation data, and outcome measures, if available. In addition, the commissioner shall provide recommendations on future areas of focus for health improvement. These reports are due by January 15 of every other year, beginning in 2010. In the report due on January 15, 2010, the commissioner shall include recommendations on a sustainable funding source for the statewide health improvement program other than the health care access fund.
Community health boards and tribal governments must use funds received under this section to develop new programs, expand current programs that work to reduce the percentage of Minnesotans who are obese or overweight or who use tobacco, or replace discontinued state or federal funds previously used to reduce the percentage of Minnesotans who are obese or overweight or who use tobacco. Funds must not be used to supplant current state or local funding to community health boards or tribal governments used to reduce the percentage of Minnesotans who are obese or overweight or to reduce tobacco use.