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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

CHAPTER 179A. PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT LABOR RELATIONS

Table of Sections
Section Headnote
179A.01 PUBLIC POLICY.
179A.02 CITATION.
179A.03 DEFINITIONS.
179A.04 COMMISSIONER'S POWER, AUTHORITY, AND DUTIES.
179A.041 PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD; POWER, AUTHORITY, AND DUTIES.
179A.05 [Repealed, 1992 c 582 s 26]
179A.051 APPEALS OF COMMISSIONER'S DECISIONS.
179A.052 APPEALS OF BOARD'S DECISIONS.
179A.06 RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF EMPLOYEES.
179A.07 RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.
179A.08 POLICY CONSULTANTS.
179A.09 UNIT DETERMINATION.
179A.10 STATE UNITS.
179A.101 COURT UNITS.
179A.102 TRANSITION TO NEW BARGAINING UNIT STRUCTURE.
179A.103 GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR COURT EMPLOYEES.
179A.104 BOARD OF PUBLIC DEFENSE.
179A.11 UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA.
179A.12 EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATION; ELECTIONS; DECERTIFICATION.
179A.13 UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES.
179A.135 UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES INVOLVING CHARITABLE HOSPITALS.
179A.14 NEGOTIATION PROCEDURES.
179A.15 MEDIATION.
179A.16 INTEREST ARBITRATION.
179A.17 NEW EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATIVES.
179A.18 STRIKES AUTHORIZED.
179A.19 ILLEGAL STRIKES.
179A.20 CONTRACTS.
179A.21 GRIEVANCE ARBITRATION.
179A.22 STATE AND ITS EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.
179A.225 COURT EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.
179A.226 BOARD OF PUBLIC DEFENSE EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.
179A.23 LIMITATION ON CONTRACTING-OUT OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBERS OF A STATE OF MINNESOTA OR UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BARGAINING UNIT.
179A.24 APPLICATION OF SECTIONS 185.07 TO 185.19.
179A.25 INDEPENDENT REVIEW.
179A.30 REGIONAL TREATMENT CENTER, NURSING HOME, AND COMMUNITY-BASED FACILITY EMPLOYEES.
179A.40 HENNEPIN HEALTHCARE SYSTEM, INC.
179A.50 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.51 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.52 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.53 MS 2016 [Never effective, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 4,6]
179A.54 INDIVIDUAL PROVIDERS OF DIRECT SUPPORT SERVICES.
179A.60 JOINT POWERS AGREEMENTS.

179A.01 PUBLIC POLICY.

(a) It is the public policy of this state and the purpose of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 to promote orderly and constructive relationships between all public employers and their employees. This policy is subject to the paramount right of the citizens of this state to keep inviolate the guarantees for their health, education, safety, and welfare.

(b) The relationships between the public, public employees, and employer governing bodies involve responsibilities to the public and a need for cooperation and employment protection which are different from those found in the private sector. The importance or necessity of some services to the public can create imbalances in the relative bargaining power between public employees and employers. As a result, unique approaches to negotiations and resolutions of disputes between public employees and employers are necessary.

(c) Unresolved disputes between the public employer and its employees are injurious to the public as well as to the parties. Adequate means must be established for minimizing them and providing for their resolution. Within these limitations and considerations, the legislature has determined that overall policy is best accomplished by:

(1) granting public employees certain rights to organize and choose freely their representatives;

(2) requiring public employers to meet and negotiate with public employees in an appropriate bargaining unit and providing that the result of bargaining be in written agreements; and

(3) establishing special rights, responsibilities, procedures, and limitations regarding public employment relationships which will provide for the protection of the rights of the public employee, the public employer, and the public at large.

(d) Nothing in sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 impairs, modifies, or alters the authority of the legislature to establish rates of pay, or retirement or other benefits for its employees.

History:

1984 c 462 s 2

179A.02 CITATION.

Sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 shall be known as the Public Employment Labor Relations Act.

History:

1984 c 462 s 3

179A.03 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.General.

For the purposes of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25, the terms defined in this section have the meanings given them unless otherwise stated.

Subd. 2.Appropriate unit.

"Appropriate unit" or "unit" means a unit of employees determined under sections 179A.09 to 179A.11. For school districts, the term means all the teachers in the district.

Subd. 2a.Board.

"Board" means the Public Employment Relations Board under section 179A.041.

[See Note.]

Subd. 3.Bureau.

"Bureau" means the Minnesota Bureau of Mediation Services.

Subd. 4.Confidential employee.

"Confidential employee" means an employee who as part of the employee's job duties:

(1) is required to access and use labor relations information as that term is defined in section 13.37, subdivision 1, paragraph (c); or

(2) actively participates in the meeting and negotiating on behalf of the public employer.

Subd. 5.Commissioner.

"Commissioner of the Minnesota Bureau of Mediation Services" or "commissioner" means the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services.

Subd. 5a.Court employee.

"Court employee" means a public employee employed by the supreme court, court of appeals, or a judicial district that is under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b).

Subd. 6.Employee organization.

"Employee organization" means any union or organization of public employees whose purpose is, in whole or in part, to deal with public employers concerning grievances and terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 7.Essential employee.

"Essential employee" means firefighters, peace officers subject to licensure under sections 626.84 to 626.863, 911 system and police and fire department public safety dispatchers, guards at correctional facilities, confidential employees, supervisory employees, assistant county attorneys, assistant city attorneys, principals, and assistant principals. However, for state employees, "essential employee" means all employees in law enforcement, public safety radio communications operators, health care professionals, correctional guards, professional engineering, and supervisory collective bargaining units, irrespective of severance, and no other employees. For University of Minnesota employees, "essential employee" means all employees in law enforcement, nursing professional and supervisory units, irrespective of severance, and no other employees. "Firefighters" means salaried employees of a fire department whose duties include, directly or indirectly, controlling, extinguishing, preventing, detecting, or investigating fires. Employees for whom the state court administrator is the negotiating employer are not essential employees. For Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc. employees, "essential employees" means all employees.

Subd. 8.Exclusive representative.

"Exclusive representative" means an employee organization which has been certified by the commissioner under section 179A.12 to meet and negotiate with the employer on behalf of all employees in the appropriate unit.

Subd. 9.Fair share fee challenge.

"Fair share fee challenge" means any proceeding or action instituted by a public employee, a group of public employees, or any other person, to determine their rights and obligations with respect to the circumstances or the amount of a fair share fee.

Subd. 10.Meet and confer.

"Meet and confer" means the exchange of views and concerns between employers and their employees.

Subd. 11.Meet and negotiate.

"Meet and negotiate" means the performance of the mutual obligations of public employers and the exclusive representatives of public employees to meet at reasonable times, including where possible meeting in advance of the budget making process, with the good faith intent of entering into an agreement on terms and conditions of employment. This obligation does not compel either party to agree to a proposal or to make a concession.

Subd. 12.Principal; assistant principal.

"Principal" and "assistant principal" means any person so licensed by the commissioner of education who devotes more than 50 percent of the time to administrative or supervisory duties.

Subd. 13.Professional employee.

"Professional employee" means:

(1) any employee engaged in work (i) predominantly intellectual and varied in character as opposed to routine mental, manual, mechanical, or physical work; (ii) involving the consistent exercise of discretion and judgment in its performance; (iii) of a character that the output produced or the result accomplished cannot be standardized in relation to a given period of time; and (iv) requiring advanced knowledge in a field of science or learning customarily acquired by a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction and study in an institution of higher learning or a hospital, as distinguished from a general academic education, an apprenticeship, or training in the performance of routine mental, manual, or physical processes; or

(2) any employee, who (i) has completed the course of advanced instruction and study described in clause (1), item (iv); and (ii) is performing related work under the supervision of a professional person to qualify as a professional employee as defined in clause (1); or

(3) a teacher.

Subd. 14.Public employee or employee.

(a) "Public employee" or "employee" means any person appointed or employed by a public employer except:

(1) elected public officials;

(2) election officers;

(3) commissioned or enlisted personnel of the Minnesota National Guard;

(4) emergency employees who are employed for emergency work caused by natural disaster;

(5) part-time employees whose service does not exceed the lesser of 14 hours per week or 35 percent of the normal work week in the employee's appropriate unit;

(6) employees whose positions are basically temporary or seasonal in character and: (i) are not for more than 67 working days in any calendar year; or (ii) are not for more than 100 working days in any calendar year and the employees are under the age of 22, are full-time students enrolled in a nonprofit or public educational institution prior to being hired by the employer, and have indicated, either in an application for employment or by being enrolled at an educational institution for the next academic year or term, an intention to continue as students during or after their temporary employment;

(7) employees providing services for not more than two consecutive quarters to the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities under the terms of a professional or technical services contract as defined in section 16C.08, subdivision 1;

(8) employees of charitable hospitals as defined by section 179.35, subdivision 3, except that employees of charitable hospitals as defined by section 179.35, subdivision 3, are public employees for purposes of sections 179A.051, 179A.052, and 179A.13;

(9) full-time undergraduate students employed by the school which they attend under a work-study program or in connection with the receipt of financial aid, irrespective of number of hours of service per week;

(10) an individual who is employed for less than 300 hours in a fiscal year as an instructor in an adult vocational education program;

(11) an individual hired by the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities to teach one course for three or fewer credits for one semester in a year;

(12) with respect to court employees:

(i) personal secretaries to judges;

(ii) law clerks;

(iii) managerial employees;

(iv) confidential employees; and

(v) supervisory employees;

(13) with respect to employees of Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc., managerial, supervisory, and confidential employees.

(b) The following individuals are public employees regardless of the exclusions of paragraph (a), clauses (5) and (6):

(1) an employee hired by a school district or the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities except at the university established in the Twin Cities metropolitan area under section 136F.10 or for community services or community education instruction offered on a noncredit basis: (i) to replace an absent teacher or faculty member who is a public employee, where the replacement employee is employed more than 30 working days as a replacement for that teacher or faculty member; or (ii) to take a teaching position created due to increased enrollment, curriculum expansion, courses which are a part of the curriculum whether offered annually or not, or other appropriate reasons;

(2) an employee hired for a position under paragraph (a), clause (6), item (i), if that same position has already been filled under paragraph (a), clause (6), item (i), in the same calendar year and the cumulative number of days worked in that same position by all employees exceeds 67 calendar days in that year. For the purpose of this paragraph, "same position" includes a substantially equivalent position if it is not the same position solely due to a change in the classification or title of the position; and

(3) an early childhood family education teacher employed by a school district.

[See Note.]

Subd. 15.Public employer or employer.

(a) "Public employer" or "employer" means:

(1) the state of Minnesota for employees of the state not otherwise provided for in this subdivision or section 179A.10 for executive branch employees;

(2) the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota for its employees;

(3) the state court administrator for court employees;

(4) the state Board of Public Defense for its employees;

(5) Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc.; and

(6) notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the governing body of a political subdivision or its agency or instrumentality which has final budgetary approval authority for its employees. However, the views of elected appointing authorities who have standing to initiate interest arbitration, and who are responsible for the selection, direction, discipline, and discharge of individual employees shall be considered by the employer in the course of the discharge of rights and duties under sections 179A.01 to 179A.25.

(b) When two or more units of government subject to sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 undertake a project or form a new agency under law authorizing common or joint action, the employer is the governing person or board of the created agency. The governing official or body of the cooperating governmental units shall be bound by an agreement entered into by the created agency according to sections 179A.01 to 179A.25.

(c) "Public employer" or "employer" does not include a "charitable hospital" as defined in section 179.35, subdivision 2, except that a charitable hospital as defined by section 179.35, subdivision 2, is a public employer for purposes of sections 179A.051, 179A.052, and 179A.13.

(d) Nothing in this subdivision diminishes the authority granted pursuant to law to an appointing authority with respect to the selection, direction, discipline, or discharge of an individual employee if this action is consistent with general procedures and standards relating to selection, direction, discipline, or discharge which are the subject of an agreement entered into under sections 179A.01 to 179A.25.

[See Note.]

Subd. 16.Strike.

"Strike" means concerted action in failing to report for duty, the willful absence from one's position, the stoppage of work, slowdown, or the abstinence in whole or in part from the full, faithful, and proper performance of the duties of employment for the purposes of inducing, influencing, or coercing a change in the conditions or compensation or the rights, privileges, or obligations of employment.

Subd. 17.Supervisory employee.

"Supervisory employee" means a person who has the authority to undertake a majority of the following supervisory functions in the interests of the employer: hiring, transfer, suspension, promotion, discharge, assignment, reward, or discipline of other employees, direction of the work of other employees, or adjustment of other employees' grievances on behalf of the employer. To be included as a supervisory function which the person has authority to undertake, the exercise of the authority by the person may not be merely routine or clerical in nature but must require the use of independent judgment. An employee, other than an essential employee, who has authority to effectively recommend a supervisory function, is deemed to have authority to undertake that supervisory function for the purposes of this subdivision. The administrative head of a municipality, municipal utility, or police or fire department, and the administrative head's assistant, are always considered supervisory employees.

The removal of employees by the employer from a nonsupervisory appropriate unit for the purpose of designating the employees as "supervisory employees" shall require either the prior written agreement of the exclusive representative and the written approval of the commissioner or a separate determination by the commissioner before the redesignation is effective.

Subd. 18.Teacher.

"Teacher" means any public employee other than a superintendent or assistant superintendent, principal, assistant principal, or a supervisory or confidential employee, employed by a school district:

(1) in a position for which the person must be licensed by the Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board or the commissioner of education; or

(2) in a position as a physical therapist, occupational therapist, art therapist, music therapist, or audiologist.

Subd. 19.Terms and conditions of employment.

"Terms and conditions of employment" means the hours of employment, the compensation therefor including fringe benefits except retirement contributions or benefits other than employer payment of, or contributions to, premiums for group insurance coverage of retired employees or severance pay, and the employer's personnel policies affecting the working conditions of the employees. In the case of professional employees the term does not mean educational policies of a school district. "Terms and conditions of employment" is subject to section 179A.07.

Subd. 20.

MS 2006 [Renumbered subd 5a]

NOTE: Subdivision 2a, as added by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 1, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

NOTE: The amendments to subdivisions 14 and 15 by Laws 2014, chapter 211, sections 2 and 3, are effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.04 COMMISSIONER'S POWER, AUTHORITY, AND DUTIES.

Subdivision 1.Petitions.

The commissioner shall accept and investigate all petitions for:

(1) certification or decertification as the exclusive representative of an appropriate unit;

(2) mediation services;

(3) any election or other voting procedures provided for in sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(4) certification to the Board of Arbitration; and

(5) fair share fee challenges, upon the receipt of a filing fee. The commissioner shall hear and decide all issues in a fair share fee challenge.

Subd. 2.Unit determination.

The commissioner shall determine appropriate units, under the criteria of section 179A.09.

Subd. 3.Other duties.

(a) The commissioner shall:

(1) provide mediation services as requested by the parties until the parties reach agreement, and may continue to assist parties after they have submitted their final positions for interest arbitration;

(2) issue notices, subpoenas, and orders required by law to carry out duties under sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(3) assist the parties in formulating petitions, notices, and other papers required to be filed with the commissioner or the board;

(4) conduct elections;

(5) certify the final results of any election or other voting procedure conducted under sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(6) adopt rules relating to the administration of this chapter and the conduct of hearings and elections;

(7) receive, catalogue, file, and make available to the public all decisions of arbitrators and panels authorized by sections 179A.01 to 179A.25, all grievance arbitration decisions to the extent the decision is public under section 13.43, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), and the commissioner's orders and decisions;

(8) adopt, subject to chapter 14, a grievance procedure that fulfills the purposes of section 179A.20, subdivision 4, that is available to any employee in a unit not covered by a contractual grievance procedure;

(9) maintain a schedule of state employee classifications or positions assigned to each unit established in section 179A.10, subdivision 2;

(10) collect fees established by rule for empanelment of persons on the labor arbitrator roster maintained by the commissioner or in conjunction with fair share fee challenges. Arbitrator application fees will be $100 per year for initial applications and renewals effective July 1, 2007;

(11) provide technical support and assistance to voluntary joint labor-management committees established for the purpose of improving relationships between exclusive representatives and employers, at the discretion of the commissioner;

(12) provide to the parties a list of arbitrators as required by section 179A.16, subdivision 4;

(13) maintain a list of up to 60 arbitrators for referral to employers and exclusive representatives for the resolution of grievance or interest disputes. Each person on the list must be knowledgeable about collective bargaining and labor relations in the public sector, well versed in state and federal labor law, and experienced in and knowledgeable about labor arbitration. To the extent practicable, the commissioner shall appoint members to the list so that the list is gender and racially diverse; and

(14) upon request of the board, provide administrative support and other assistance to the board, including assistance in development and adoption of board rules.

(b) From the names provided by representative organizations, the commissioner shall maintain a list of arbitrators to conduct teacher discharge or termination hearings according to section 122A.40 or 122A.41. The persons on the list must meet at least one of the following requirements:

(1) be a former or retired judge;

(2) be a qualified arbitrator on the list maintained by the bureau;

(3) be a present, former, or retired administrative law judge; or

(4) be a neutral individual who is learned in the law and admitted to practice in Minnesota, who is qualified by experience to conduct these hearings, and who is without bias to either party.

Each year, education Minnesota shall provide a list of up to 14 names and the Minnesota School Boards Association a list of up to 14 names of persons to be on the list. The commissioner may adopt rules about maintaining and updating the list.

Subd. 4.Location of hearings.

Hearings and mediation meetings authorized by this section shall be held at a time and place determined by the commissioner, but, whenever practical, a hearing shall be held in the general geographic area where the question has arisen or exists.

179A.041 PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD; POWER, AUTHORITY, AND DUTIES.

Subdivision 1.Membership.

The Public Employment Relations Board is established with three members. One member shall be an officer or employee of an exclusive representative of public employees and shall be appointed by the governor; one shall be representative of public employers and shall be appointed by the governor; and one shall be representative of the public at large and shall be appointed by the other two members. Public employers and employee organizations representing public employees may submit for consideration names of persons representing their interests. The board shall select one of its members to serve as chair for a term beginning July 1 of each year.

Subd. 2.Alternate members.

(a) The appointing authorities shall appoint alternate members to serve only in the case of a member having a conflict of interest under subdivision 9, as follows:

(1) one alternate, appointed by the governor, who is an officer or employee of an exclusive representative of public employees, to serve as an alternate to the member appointed by the governor who is an officer or employee of an exclusive representative of public employees. This alternate must not be an officer or employee of the same exclusive representative of public employees as the member for whom the alternate serves;

(2) one alternate, appointed by the governor, who is a representative of public employers, to serve as an alternate to the member appointed by the governor who is a representative of public employers. This alternate must not represent the same public employer as the member for whom the alternate serves; and

(3) one alternate, appointed by the member who is an officer or employee of an exclusive representative of public employees and the member who is a representative of public employers, who is not an officer or employee of an exclusive representative of public employees, or a representative of a public employer, to serve as an alternate for the member that represents the public at large.

(b) Each alternate member shall serve a term that is coterminous with the term of the member for whom the alternate member serves as an alternate.

Subd. 3.Terms; compensation.

The membership terms, compensation, removal of members, and filling of vacancies for members and alternate members shall be as provided in section 15.0575.

Subd. 4.Rules; meetings.

The board shall adopt rules governing its procedure and shall hold meetings as prescribed in those rules. The chair shall convene and preside at meetings of the board.

Subd. 5.Powers.

The board shall have the powers and authority required for the board to take the actions assigned to the board under section 179A.13.

Subd. 6.Appeals.

In addition to the other powers and duties given it by law, the board shall hear and decide appeals from:

(1) recommended decisions and orders relating to an unfair labor practice under section 179A.13; and

(2) determinations of the commissioner under section 179A.12, subdivision 11.

Subd. 7.Rulemaking.

The board shall adopt rules under chapter 14 governing the presentation of issues and the taking of appeals under subdivision 6. All issues and appeals presented to the board shall be determined upon the record of hearing, except that the board may request additional evidence when necessary or helpful.

Subd. 8.Employees and contracts.

The board may hire investigators, hearing officers, and other employees as necessary to perform its duties, or may enter into contracts to perform any of the board's duties.

Subd. 9.Conflict of interest.

A member must disclose any conflict of interest in a case before the board and shall not take any action or vote in the case. The person designated as the recused member's alternate shall serve in place of the member who has a conflict for all actions and votes on the case, unless the alternate has a conflict of interest. If both a member and the member's alternate have a conflict of interest in a case, the appointing authority will appoint a second alternate member, who meets the same requirements as the alternate member and who has no conflict of interest, to take action and vote in the case. A board member or alternate member has a conflict of interest in a case if the member is employed by, an officer of, a member of the governing body of, or a member of, a party in the case.

History:

2014 c 211 s 5

179A.05 [Repealed, 1992 c 582 s 26]

179A.051 APPEALS OF COMMISSIONER'S DECISIONS.

(a) Decisions of the commissioner relating to supervisory, confidential, essential, and professional employees, appropriateness of a unit, or fair share fee challenges may be reviewed on certiorari by the court of appeals. A petition for a writ of certiorari must be filed and served on the other party or parties and the commissioner within 30 days from the date of the mailing of the commissioner's decision. The petition must be served on the other party or parties at the party's or parties' last known address.

(b) Decisions of the commissioner relating to unfair labor practices under section 179A.12, subdivision 11, may be appealed to the board if the appeal is filed with the board and served on all other parties no later than 30 days after service of the commissioner's decision.

NOTE: The amendment to this section by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 6, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by an unfair labor practice in district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.052 APPEALS OF BOARD'S DECISIONS.

Decisions of the board relating to unfair labor practices under section 179.11, 179.12, 179A.12, subdivision 11, or 179A.13 including dismissal of unfair labor practice charges, may be reviewed on certiorari by the court of appeals. A petition for a writ of certiorari must be filed and served on the other party or parties and the board within 30 days from the date of the mailing of the board's decision. The petition must be served on the other party or parties at the party's or parties' last known address.

NOTE: This section, as added by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 7, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.06 RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF EMPLOYEES.

Subdivision 1.Expression of views.

Sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 do not affect the right of any public employee or the employee's representative to express or communicate a view, grievance, complaint, or opinion on any matter related to the conditions or compensation of public employment or their betterment, so long as this is not designed to and does not interfere with the full faithful and proper performance of the duties of employment or circumvent the rights of the exclusive representative. Sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 do not require any public employee to perform labor or services against the employee's will.

If no exclusive representative has been certified, any public employee individually, or group of employees through their representative, has the right to express or communicate a view, grievance, complaint, or opinion on any matter related to the conditions or compensation of public employment or their betterment, by meeting with their public employer or the employer's representative, so long as this is not designed to and does not interfere with the full, faithful, and proper performance of the duties of employment.

Subd. 2.Right to organize.

Public employees have the right to form and join labor or employee organizations, and have the right not to form and join such organizations. Public employees in an appropriate unit have the right by secret ballot to designate an exclusive representative to negotiate grievance procedures and the terms and conditions of employment with their employer. Confidential employees of the state, confidential court employees, and confidential University of Minnesota employees are excluded from bargaining. Supervisory and managerial court employees are excluded from bargaining. Supervisory, managerial, and confidential employees of Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc., are excluded from bargaining. Other confidential employees, supervisory employees, principals, and assistant principals may form their own organizations. An employer shall extend exclusive recognition to a representative of or an organization of supervisory or confidential employees, or principals and assistant principals, for the purpose of negotiating terms or conditions of employment, in accordance with sections 179A.01 to 179A.25, applicable to essential employees.

Supervisory or confidential employee organizations shall not participate in any capacity in any negotiations which involve units of employees other than supervisory or confidential employees. Except for organizations which represent supervisors who are: (1) firefighters, emergency medical service employees certified under section 144E.28, 911 system public safety dispatchers, peace officers subject to licensure under sections 626.84 to 626.863, guards at correctional facilities, or employees at hospitals other than state hospitals; and (2) not state or University of Minnesota employees, a supervisory or confidential employee organization which is affiliated with another employee organization which is the exclusive representative of nonsupervisory or nonconfidential employees of the same public employer shall not be certified, or act as, an exclusive representative for the supervisory or confidential employees. For the purpose of this subdivision, affiliation means either direct or indirect and includes affiliation through a federation or joint body of employee organizations.

Subd. 3.Fair share fee.

An exclusive representative may require employees who are not members of the exclusive representative to contribute a fair share fee for services rendered by the exclusive representative. The fair share fee must be equal to the regular membership dues of the exclusive representative, less the cost of benefits financed through the dues and available only to members of the exclusive representative. In no event may the fair share fee exceed 85 percent of the regular membership dues. The exclusive representative shall provide advance written notice of the amount of the fair share fee to the employer and to unit employees who will be assessed the fee. The employer shall provide the exclusive representative with a list of all unit employees.

A challenge by an employee or by a person aggrieved by the fee must be filed in writing with the commissioner, the public employer, and the exclusive representative within 30 days after receipt of the written notice. All challenges must specify those portions of the fee challenged and the reasons for the challenge. The burden of proof relating to the amount of the fair share fee is on the exclusive representative. The commissioner shall hear and decide all issues in these challenges.

The employer shall deduct the fee from the earnings of the employee and transmit the fee to the exclusive representative 30 days after the written notice was provided. If a challenge is filed, the deductions for a fair share fee must be held in escrow by the employer pending a decision by the commissioner.

Subd. 4.Meet and confer.

Professional employees have the right to meet and confer under section 179A.08 with public employers regarding policies and matters other than terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 5.Meet and negotiate.

Public employees, through their certified exclusive representative, have the right and obligation to meet and negotiate in good faith with their employer regarding grievance procedures and the terms and conditions of employment, but this obligation does not compel the exclusive representative to agree to a proposal or require the making of a concession.

Subd. 6.Dues checkoff.

Public employees have the right to request and be allowed dues checkoff for the exclusive representative. In the absence of an exclusive representative, public employees have the right to request and be allowed dues checkoff for the organization of their choice.

Subd. 7.Concerted activity.

Public employees have the right to engage in concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.

[See Note.]

NOTE: Subdivision 7, as added by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 8, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.07 RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.

Subdivision 1.Inherent managerial policy.

A public employer is not required to meet and negotiate on matters of inherent managerial policy. Matters of inherent managerial policy include, but are not limited to, such areas of discretion or policy as the functions and programs of the employer, its overall budget, utilization of technology, the organizational structure, selection of personnel, and direction and the number of personnel. No public employer shall sign an agreement which limits its right to select persons to serve as supervisory employees or state managers under section 43A.18, subdivision 3, or requires the use of seniority in their selection.

Subd. 2.Meet and negotiate.

(a) A public employer has an obligation to meet and negotiate in good faith with the exclusive representative of public employees in an appropriate unit regarding grievance procedures and the terms and conditions of employment, but this obligation does not compel the public employer or its representative to agree to a proposal or require the making of a concession.

The public employer's duty under this subdivision exists notwithstanding contrary provisions in a municipal charter, ordinance, or resolution. A provision of a municipal charter, ordinance, or resolution which limits or restricts a public employer from negotiating or from entering into binding contracts with exclusive representatives is superseded by this subdivision.

(b) In addition, a public employer may, but does not have an obligation to, meet and negotiate in good faith with the exclusive representative of public employees in an appropriate unit regarding an employer contribution to the state of Minnesota deferred compensation plan authorized by section 356.24, paragraph (a), clause (4), within the limits set by section 356.24, paragraph (a), clause (4).

Subd. 3.Meet and confer.

A public employer has the obligation to meet and confer, under section 179A.08, with professional employees to discuss policies and other matters relating to their employment which are not terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 4.Other communication.

If an exclusive representative has been certified for an appropriate unit, the employer shall not meet and negotiate or meet and confer with any employee or group of employees who are in that unit except through the exclusive representative. This subdivision does not prevent communication to the employer, other than through the exclusive representative, of advice or recommendations by professional employees, if this communication is a part of the employee's work assignment. This subdivision does not prevent communication between public postsecondary employers and postsecondary professional employees, other than through the exclusive representative, regarding policies and matters that are not terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 5.Arbitrators pay and hiring.

An employer may hire and pay for arbitrators desired or required by sections 179A.01 to 179A.25.

Subd. 6.Time off.

A public employer must afford reasonable time off to elected officers or appointed representatives of the exclusive representative to conduct the duties of the exclusive representative and must, upon request, provide for leaves of absence to elected or appointed officials of the exclusive representative or to a full-time appointed official of an exclusive representative of teachers in another Minnesota school district.

Subd. 7.

[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 10 art 2 s 102]

179A.08 POLICY CONSULTANTS.

Subdivision 1.Professional employees.

The legislature recognizes that professional employees possess knowledge, expertise, and dedication which is helpful and necessary to the operation and quality of public services and which may assist public employers in developing their policies. It is, therefore, the policy of this state to encourage close cooperation between public employers and professional employees by providing for discussions and the mutual exchange of ideas regarding all matters that are not terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 2.Meet and confer.

The professional employees shall select a representative to meet and confer with a representative or committee of the public employer on matters not specified under section 179A.03, subdivision 19, relating to the services being provided to the public. The public employer shall provide the facilities and set the time for these conferences to take place. The parties shall meet at least once every four months.

History:

1984 c 462 s 9

179A.09 UNIT DETERMINATION.

Subdivision 1.Criteria.

In determining the appropriate unit, the commissioner shall consider the principles and the coverage of uniform comprehensive position classification and compensation plans of the employees, professions and skilled crafts, and other occupational classifications, relevant administrative and supervisory levels of authority, geographical location, history, extent of organization, the recommendation of the parties, and other relevant factors. The commissioner shall place particular importance upon the history and extent of organization, and the desires of the petitioning employee representatives.

Subd. 2.Prohibitions.

The commissioner shall not designate an appropriate unit which includes essential employees with other employees.

Subd. 3.Division of units.

If a designated appropriate unit contains both peace officers subject to licensure under sections 626.84 to 626.863 and essential employees who are not peace officers, the commissioner, at the request of a majority of either the peace officers or the other essential employees within the unit, shall divide the unit into two separate appropriate units, one for the peace officers and one for the other essential employees.

179A.10 STATE UNITS.

Subdivision 1.Exclusions.

The commissioner of management and budget shall meet and negotiate with the exclusive representative of each of the units specified in this section, except as provided in section 43A.06, subdivision 1, paragraph (c). The units provided in this section are the only appropriate units for executive branch state employees. The following employees shall be excluded from any appropriate unit:

(1) the positions and classes of positions in the classified and unclassified services defined as managerial by the commissioner of management and budget in accordance with section 43A.18, subdivision 3, and so designated in the official state compensation schedules;

(2) unclassified positions in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities defined as managerial by the Board of Trustees;

(3) positions of all unclassified employees appointed by a constitutional officer;

(4) positions in the Bureau of Mediation Services and the Public Employment Relations Board;

(5) positions of employees whose classification is pilot or chief pilot;

(6) administrative law judge and compensation judge positions in the Office of Administrative Hearings; and

(7) positions of all confidential employees.

The governor may upon the unanimous written request of exclusive representatives of units and the commissioner direct that negotiations be conducted for one or more units in a common proceeding or that supplemental negotiations be conducted for portions of a unit or units defined on the basis of appointing authority or geography.

[See Note.]

Subd. 2.State employees.

Unclassified employees, unless otherwise excluded, are included within the units which include the classifications to which they are assigned for purposes of compensation. Supervisory employees shall only be assigned to units 12 and 16. The following are the appropriate units of executive branch state employees:

(1) law enforcement unit;

(2) craft, maintenance, and labor unit;

(3) service unit;

(4) health care nonprofessional unit;

(5) health care professional unit;

(6) clerical and office unit;

(7) technical unit;

(8) correctional guards unit;

(9) state university instructional unit;

(10) state college instructional unit;

(11) state university administrative unit;

(12) professional engineering unit;

(13) health treatment unit;

(14) general professional unit;

(15) professional state residential instructional unit;

(16) supervisory employees unit; and

(17) public safety radio communications operator unit.

Each unit consists of the classifications or positions assigned to it in the schedule of state employee job classification and positions maintained by the commissioner. The commissioner may only make changes in the schedule in existence on the day prior to August 1, 1984, as required by law or as provided in subdivision 4.

Subd. 3.State employee severance.

Each of the following groups of employees has the right, as specified in this subdivision, to separate from the general professional, health treatment, or general supervisory units provided for in subdivision 2: attorneys, physicians, professional employees of the Minnesota Office of Higher Education who are compensated under section 43A.18, subdivision 4, State Patrol-supervisors, enforcement supervisors employed by the Department of Natural Resources, and criminal apprehension investigative-supervisors. This right must be exercised by petition during the 60-day period commencing 270 days prior to the termination of a contract covering the units. If one of these groups of employees exercises the right to separate from the units they have no right to meet and negotiate, but retain the right to meet and confer with the commissioner of management and budget and with the appropriate appointing authority on any matter of concern to them. The right to separate must be exercised as follows: An employee organization or group of employees claiming that a majority of any one of these groups of employees on a statewide basis wish to separate from their units may petition the commissioner for an election during the petitioning period. If the petition is supported by a showing of at least 30 percent support for the petitioner from the employees, the commissioner shall hold an election to ascertain the wishes of the majority with respect to the issue of remaining within or severing from the units provided in subdivision 2. This election must be conducted within 30 days of the close of the petition period. If a majority of votes cast endorse severance from the unit in favor of separate meet and confer status for any one of these groups of employees, the commissioner shall certify that result. This election, where not inconsistent with other provisions of this section, is governed by section 179A.12. If a group of employees elects to sever, the group may rejoin that unit by following the same procedures specified above for severance, but may only do so during the periods provided for severance.

Subd. 4.Other assignments.

The commissioner shall assign state employee classifications, court employee classifications, University of Minnesota employee classifications, and supervisory positions to the appropriate units when the classifications or positions have not been assigned under subdivision 2 or section 179A.101 or 179A.11 or have been significantly modified in occupational content subsequent to assignment under these sections. The assignment of the classes shall be made on the basis of the community of interest of the majority of employees in these classes with the employees within the statutory units. All the employees in a class, excluding supervisory and confidential employees, shall be assigned to a single appropriate unit.

NOTE: The amendment to subdivision 1 by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 9, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.101 COURT UNITS.

Subdivision 1.Court employee units.

(a) The state court administrator shall meet and negotiate with the exclusive representative of each of the units specified in this section. The units provided in this section are the only appropriate units for court employees. Court employees, unless otherwise excluded, are included within the units which include the classifications to which they are assigned for purposes of compensation. Initial assignment of classifications to bargaining units shall be made by the state court administrator by August 15 of the year preceding the year in which the state assumes the cost of court administration in the judicial district in which the bargaining unit is located. An exclusive representative may appeal the initial assignment decision of the state court administrator by filing a petition with the commissioner within 45 days of being certified as the exclusive representative for a judicial district. The units in this subdivision are the appropriate units of court employees.

(b) The Judicial District Unit consists of clerical, administrative, and technical employees of a judicial district under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), or of two or more of these districts that are represented by the same employee organization or one or more subordinate bodies of the same employee organization. The judicial district unit includes individuals, not otherwise excluded, whose work is typically clerical or secretarial in nature, including nontechnical data recording and retrieval and general office work, and individuals, not otherwise excluded, whose work is not typically manual and which requires specialized knowledge or skills acquired through two-year academic programs or equivalent experience or on-the-job training.

(c) The Appellate Courts Unit consists of clerical, administrative, and technical employees of the court of appeals and clerical, administrative, and technical employees of the supreme court. The Appellate Courts Unit includes individuals, not otherwise excluded, whose work is typically clerical or secretarial in nature, including nontechnical data recording and retrieval and general office work, and individuals, not otherwise excluded, whose work is not typically manual and which requires specialized knowledge or skills acquired through two-year academic programs or equivalent experience or on-the-job training.

(d) The Court Employees Professional Employee Unit consists of professional employees, not otherwise excluded, that are employed by the supreme court, the court of appeals, or a judicial district under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b).

(e) The Court Employees Court Reporter Unit consists of court reporters not otherwise excluded who are employed by a judicial district under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).

(f) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any other law to the contrary, judges may appoint and remove court reporters at their pleasure.

(g) Copies of collective bargaining agreements entered into under this section must be submitted to the Legislative Coordinating Commission for the commission's information.

Subd. 2.Exclusions.

The following employees are excluded from the appropriate units under subdivision 1:

(1) personal secretaries to judges;

(2) law clerks;

(3) managerial employees;

(4) confidential employees; and

(5) supervisory employees.

Subd. 3.Employee organizations representing more than one judicial district unit.

Whenever an employee organization or one or more subordinate bodies of the same employee organization is certified as the exclusive representative of the employees in more than one judicial district unit, all judicial district units for which the employee organization or one or more subordinate bodies of the same employee organization has been certified will be combined into one unit and the employee organization certified as exclusive representative of the employees of the new, combined unit. The commissioner shall issue a certification within 45 days of receipt of a petition demonstrating that an employee organization or one or more subordinate bodies of the same employee organization is certified as the exclusive representative of employees in more than one judicial district unit.

179A.102 TRANSITION TO NEW BARGAINING UNIT STRUCTURE.

Subdivision 1.Application of section.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 179A.12 or any other law, this section governs, where contrary to other law, the initial certification and decertification, if any, of exclusive representatives for the appropriate units established by section 179A.101. Subsequent to the initial certification and decertification, if any, pursuant to this section, this section does not apply.

Subd. 2.Existing majority.

The commissioner shall certify an employee organization as exclusive representative for an appropriate unit established under section 179A.101 upon a petition filed with the commissioner by the organization within 30 days of the effective date of the judicial district coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), demonstrating that the petitioner is certified pursuant to section 179A.12 as the exclusive representative of a majority of the employees included within the unit established by section 179A.101 as of that effective date. Two or more employee organizations that represent the employees in a unit established by section 179A.101 may petition jointly under this subdivision, provided that any organization may withdraw from a joint certification in favor of the remaining organizations on 30 days' notice to the remaining organizations, the employer, and the commissioner, without affecting the rights and obligations of the remaining organizations or the employer. The commissioner shall make a determination on a timely petition within 45 days of its receipt.

Subd. 3.No existing majority.

(a) If no exclusive representative is certified under subdivision 2, the commissioner shall certify an employee organization as exclusive representative for an appropriate unit established under section 179A.101 upon a petition filed by the organization within the time period provided in subdivision 2 demonstrating that the petitioner is certified under section 179A.12 as the exclusive representative of fewer than a majority of the employees included within the unit established by section 179A.101, if no other employee organization so certified has filed a petition within the time period provided in subdivision 2 and a majority of the employees in the unit established by section 179A.101 are represented by employee organizations under section 179A.12 on the effective date of the judicial district coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b). Two or more employee organizations, each of which represents employees included in the unit established by section 179A.101, may petition jointly under this paragraph, provided that any organization may withdraw from a joint certification in favor of the remaining organizations on 30 days' notice to the remaining organizations, the employer, and the commissioner without affecting the rights and obligations of the remaining organizations or the employer. The commissioner shall make a determination on a timely petition within 45 days of its receipt.

(b) If no exclusive representative is certified under subdivision 2 or paragraph (a), and an employee organization petitions the commissioner within 90 days of the effective date of the judicial district coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), demonstrating that a majority of the employees included within a unit established by section 179A.101 wish to be represented by the petitioner, where this majority is evidenced by current dues deduction rights, signed statements from court employees in counties within the district that are not currently represented by any employee organization plainly indicating that the signatories wish to be represented for collective bargaining purposes by the petitioner rather than by any other organization, or a combination of those, the commissioner shall certify the petitioner as exclusive representative of the employees in the unit established by section 179A.101. The commissioner shall make a determination on a timely petition within 45 days of its receipt.

(c) If no exclusive representative is certified under subdivision 2 or paragraph (a) or (b), and an employee organization petitions the commissioner subsequent to the effective date of the judicial district coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), demonstrating that at least 30 percent of the employees included within a unit established by section 179A.101 wish to be represented by the petitioner, where this 30 percent is evidenced by current dues deduction rights, signed statements from court employees in counties within the district that are not currently represented by any employee organization plainly indicating that the signatories wish to be represented for collective bargaining purposes by the petitioner rather than by any other organization, or a combination of those, the commissioner shall conduct a secret ballot election to determine the wishes of the majority. The election must be conducted within 45 days of receipt or final decision on any petitions filed pursuant to subdivision 2, whichever is later. The election is governed by section 179A.12, where not inconsistent with other provisions of this section.

Subd. 4.Decertification.

The commissioner may not consider a petition for decertification of an exclusive representative certified under this section for one year after certification. After that time a petition must be considered under the provisions of section 179A.12.

Subd. 5.Existing collective bargaining agreements.

The terms and conditions of collective bargaining agreements covering judicial district employees in districts that come under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), remain in effect until a successor agreement becomes effective.

Subd. 6.Contract and representation responsibilities.

(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 179A.101, the exclusive representatives of units of court employees certified prior to the effective date of the judicial district coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), remain responsible for administration of their contracts and for other contractual duties and have the right to dues and fair share fee deduction and other contractual privileges and rights until a contract is agreed upon with the state court administrator for a new unit established under section 179A.101. Exclusive representatives of court employees certified after the effective date of Laws 1999, chapter 216, article 7, section 10, in the judicial district are immediately upon certification responsible for bargaining on behalf of employees within the unit. They are also responsible for administering grievances arising under previous contracts covering employees included within the unit which remain unresolved upon agreement with the state court administrator on a contract for a new unit established under section 179A.101. Where the employer does not object, these responsibilities may be varied by agreement between the outgoing and incoming exclusive representatives. All other rights and duties of representation begin on July 1 of the year in which the state assumes the funding of court administration in the judicial district, except that exclusive representatives certified after the effective date of Laws 1999, chapter 216, article 7, section 10, shall immediately, upon certification, have the right to all employer information and all forms of access to employees within the bargaining unit which would be permitted to the current contract holder, including the rights in section 179A.07, subdivision 6. This section does not affect an existing collective bargaining contract. Incoming exclusive representatives of court employees from judicial districts that come under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), are immediately, upon certification, responsible for bargaining on behalf of all previously unrepresented employees assigned to their units. All other rights and duties of exclusive representatives begin on July 1 of the year in which the state assumes the funding of court administration in the judicial district.

(b) Nothing in Laws 2001, First Special Session chapter 5, or Laws 1999, chapter 216, article 7, sections 3 to 15, prevents an exclusive representative certified after the effective dates of those provisions from assessing fair share or dues deductions immediately upon certification for employees in a unit established under section 179A.101 if the employees were unrepresented for collective bargaining purposes before that certification.

179A.103 GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR COURT EMPLOYEES.

Subdivision 1.Contracts.

Contracts for the period commencing July 1 of the year in which the state assumes the cost of court administration in the judicial district for the judicial district court employees must be negotiated with the state court administrator. Negotiations for those contracts may begin any time after July 1 of the year before the state assumes the cost, and may be initiated by either party notifying the other of the desire to begin the negotiating process. Negotiations are subject to this chapter.

Subd. 2.Date of employment.

The date of first employment by the state court system is the date on which services were first performed by the employee for the employer from which the employee is being transferred.

Subd. 3.Probationary periods.

Except as otherwise provided in a successor contract, probationary periods are not affected by the transfer of employees to the state court system.

Subd. 4.Wage protection.

Court employees in judicial districts coming under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), may not have a decrease in wages as a result of their transfer to state employment. Wage scales negotiated in a judicial district contract are not to be applied to a court employee of a judicial district who was a court employee of a county within the judicial district at the time the judicial district came under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), until the wage for the employee under the scale is equal to or greater than the wage the employee was receiving on the date the judicial district came under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b).

179A.104 BOARD OF PUBLIC DEFENSE.

Subdivision 1.Board of Public Defense employee units.

The state Board of Public Defense shall meet and negotiate with the exclusive representative of each of the statewide units specified in this section. The units provided in this section are the only appropriate statewide units for state employees of the board. Employees of the state Board of Public Defense, unless otherwise excluded, are included within the units which include the classifications to which they are assigned for purposes of compensation. The following are the appropriate statewide units of state employees of the board:

(1) Assistant District and Assistant State Public Defender Unit; and

(2) Clerical and Support Staff Unit.

Each unit consists of the classifications or positions assigned to it in the schedule of job classifications and positions maintained by the state Board of Public Defense.

Subd. 2.Exclusions.

The following employees are excluded from the appropriate statewide units under subdivision 1:

(1) the positions of state public defender, deputy state public defender, and chief district public defender;

(2) the positions of managing attorney and managing legal secretary in judicial district public defender offices and in the state Public Defender's Office;

(3) positions of all employees in the administrative services office of the state Board of Public Defense;

(4) positions of all part-time and temporary employees as defined under section 179A.03, subdivision 14, paragraph (a), clauses (5) and (6).

179A.11 UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA.

Subdivision 1.Units.

The following are the appropriate units of University of Minnesota employees. All units shall exclude managerial and confidential employees. Supervisory employees shall only be assigned to unit 13. No additional units of University of Minnesota employees shall be recognized for the purpose of meeting and negotiating.

(1) The Law Enforcement Unit consists of the positions of all employees with the power of arrest.

(2) The Craft and Trades Unit consists of the positions of all employees whose work requires specialized manual skills and knowledge acquired through formal training or apprenticeship or equivalent on-the-job training or experience.

(3) The Service, Maintenance, and Labor Unit consists of the positions of all employees whose work is typically that of maintenance, service, or labor and which does not require extensive previous training or experience, except as provided in unit 4.

(4) The Health Care Nonprofessional and Service Unit consists of the positions of all nonprofessional employees of the University of Minnesota hospitals, dental school, and health service whose work is unique to those settings, excluding labor and maintenance employees as defined in unit 3.

(5) The Nursing Professional Unit consists of all positions which are required to be filled by registered nurses.

(6) The Clerical and Office Unit consists of the positions of all employees whose work is typically clerical or secretarial, including nontechnical data recording and retrieval and general office work, except as provided in unit 4.

(7) The Technical Unit consists of the positions of all employees whose work is not typically manual and which requires specialized knowledge or skills acquired through two-year academic programs or equivalent experience or on-the-job training, except as provided in unit 4.

(8) The Twin Cities Instructional Unit consists of the positions of all instructional employees with the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, including research associate or instructor, including research fellow, located on the Twin Cities campuses.

(9) The Outstate Instructional Unit consists of the positions of all instructional employees with the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, including research associate or instructor, including research fellow, located at the Duluth campus, provided that the positions of instructional employees of the same ranks at the Morris, Crookston, or Waseca campuses shall be included within this unit if a majority of the eligible employees voting at a campus so vote during an election conducted by the commissioner, provided that the election shall not be held until the Duluth campus has voted in favor of representation. The election shall be held when an employee organization or group of employees petitions the commissioner stating that a majority of the eligible employees at one of these campuses wishes to join the unit and this petition is supported by a showing of at least 30 percent support from eligible employees at that campus and is filed between September 1 and November 1.

Should both units 8 and 9 elect exclusive bargaining representatives, those representatives may by mutual agreement jointly negotiate a contract with the regents, or may negotiate separate contracts with the regents. If the exclusive bargaining representatives jointly negotiate a contract with the regents, the contract shall be ratified by each unit.

(10) The Graduate Assistant Unit consists of the positions of all graduate assistants who are enrolled in the graduate school and who hold the rank of research assistant, teaching assistant, teaching associate I or II, project assistant, or administrative fellow I or II.

(11) The Academic Professional and Administrative Staff Unit consists of all academic professional and administrative staff positions that are not defined as included in an instructional unit, the supervisory unit, the clerical unit, or the technical unit.

(12) The Noninstructional Professional Unit consists of the positions of all employees meeting the requirements of section 179A.03, subdivision 13, clause (1) or (2), which are not defined as included within an instructional unit, the Academic Professional and Administrative Staff Unit, or the supervisory unit.

(13) The Supervisory Employees Unit consists of the positions of all supervisory employees.

Subd. 2.University of Minnesota employee severance.

Each of the following groups of University of Minnesota employees has the right, as specified in this subdivision, to separate from the instructional and supervisory units: (1) health sciences instructional employees at all campuses with the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, including research associate, or instructor, including research fellow, (2) instructional employees of the law school with the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, including research associate, or instructor, including research fellow, (3) instructional supervisors, (4) noninstructional professional supervisors, and (5) academic professional and administrative staff supervisors. This right may be exercised by petition between September 1 and November 1. If a group separates from its unit, it has no right to meet and negotiate, but retains the right to meet and confer with the appropriate officials on any matter of concern to the group. The right to separate must be exercised as follows: An employee organization or group of employees claiming that a majority of any one of these groups of employees on a statewide basis wish to separate from their unit may petition the commissioner for an election during the petitioning period. If the petition is supported by a showing of at least 30 percent support from the employees, the commissioner shall hold an election on the separation issue. This election must be conducted within 30 days of the close of the petition period. If a majority of votes cast endorse severance from their unit, the commissioner shall certify that result. Where not inconsistent with other provisions of this section, the election is governed by section 179A.12. If a group of employees severs, it may rejoin that unit by following the procedures for severance during the periods for severance.

179A.12 EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATION; ELECTIONS; DECERTIFICATION.

Subdivision 1.Certification continued.

Any employee organization holding formal recognition by order of the commissioner or by employer voluntary recognition on the effective date of Extra Session Laws 1971, chapter 33, under any law that is repealed by Extra Session Laws 1971, chapter 33, is certified as the exclusive representative until it is decertified or another representative is certified in its place.

Any teacher organization as defined by Minnesota Statutes 1969, section 125.20, subdivision 3, which on the effective date of Extra Session Laws 1971, chapter 33, has a majority of its members on a teacher's council in a school district as provided in Minnesota Statutes 1969, section 125.22 is certified as the exclusive representative of all teachers of that school district until the organization is decertified or another organization is certified in its place.

Subd. 2.Certification upon joint request.

The commissioner may certify an employee organization as an exclusive representative in an appropriate unit upon the joint request of the employer and the organization if, after investigation, the commissioner finds that no unfair labor practice was committed in initiating and submitting the joint request and that the employee organization represents over 50 percent of the employees in the appropriate unit. This subdivision does not reduce the time period or nullify any bar to the employee organization's certification existing at the time of the filing of the joint request.

Subd. 3.Obtaining elections.

Any employee organization may obtain a certification election upon petition to the commissioner stating that at least 30 percent of the employees of a proposed appropriate unit wish to be represented by the petitioner. Any employee organization may obtain a representation election upon petition to the commissioner stating that the currently certified representative no longer represents the majority of employees in an established unit and that at least 30 percent of the employees in the established unit wish to be represented by the petitioner rather than by the currently certified representative. An individual employee or group of employees in a unit may obtain a decertification election upon petition to the commissioner stating the certified representative no longer represents the majority of the employees in an established unit and that at least 30 percent of the employees wish to be unrepresented.

Subd. 4.State unit elections.

The commissioner shall not consider a petition for a decertification election during the term of a contract covering employees of the executive or judicial branches of the state of Minnesota except for a period from not more than 270 to not less than 210 days before its date of termination.

Subd. 5.Commissioner to investigate.

The commissioner shall, upon receipt of an employee organization's petition to the commissioner under subdivision 3, investigate to determine if sufficient evidence of a question of representation exists and hold hearings necessary to determine the appropriate unit and other matters necessary to determine the representation rights of the affected employees and employer.

Subd. 6.Authorization signatures.

In determining the numerical status of an employee organization for purposes of this section, the commissioner shall require dated representation authorization signatures of affected employees as verification of the statements contained in the joint request or petitions. These authorization signatures shall be privileged and confidential information available to the commissioner only.

Subd. 7.Election order.

The commissioner shall issue an order providing for a secret ballot election by the employees in a designated appropriate unit. The election must be held on one or more sites where those voting are employed or by a mail ballot, as determined by the commissioner. In making this determination, the commissioner shall strive for an election process that provides for maximum participation by the affected employees. The parties affected by this determination may request reconsideration of it by the commissioner under bureau rules.

Subd. 8.Ballot.

The ballot in a certification election may contain as many names of representative candidates as have demonstrated that 30 percent of the employees in the unit desire them as their exclusive representative. The ballots shall contain a space for employees to indicate that no representation is desired. The commissioner shall provide and count absentee ballots in all elections.

Subd. 9.Runoff election.

If no choice on the ballot receives a majority of those votes cast in the unit, the commissioner shall conduct a runoff election between the two choices receiving the most votes.

Subd. 10.Certification.

Upon a representative candidate receiving a majority of those votes cast in an appropriate unit, the commissioner shall certify that candidate as the exclusive representative of all employees in the unit.

Subd. 11.Unfair labor practices.

If the commissioner finds that an unfair labor practice was committed by an employer or representative candidate or an employee or group of employees, and that the unfair labor practice affected the result of an election, or that procedural or other irregularities in the conduct of the election may have substantially affected its results, the commissioner may void the election result and order a new election.

Subd. 12.Bar to reconsideration.

When the commissioner certifies an exclusive representative, the commissioner shall not consider the question again for a period of one year, unless the exclusive representative is decertified by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by the commissioner.

179A.13 UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES.

Subdivision 1.Actions.

(a) The practices specified in this section are unfair labor practices. Any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in this section may file an unfair labor practice charge with the board.

(b) Whenever it is charged that any party has engaged in or is engaging in any unfair labor practice, an investigator designated by the board shall promptly conduct an investigation of the charge. Unless after the investigation the board finds that the charge has no reasonable basis in law or fact, the board shall promptly issue a complaint and cause to be served upon the party a complaint stating the charges, accompanied by a notice of hearing before a qualified hearing officer designated by the board at the offices of the bureau or other location as the board deems appropriate, not less than five days nor more than 20 days after serving the complaint, provided that no complaint shall be issued based upon any unfair labor practice occurring more than six months prior to the filing of a charge. A complaint issued under this subdivision may be amended by the board at any time prior to the issuance of an order based thereon. The party who is the subject of the complaint has the right to file an answer to the original or amended complaint prior to hearing and to appear in person or by a representative and give testimony at the place and time fixed in the complaint. In the discretion of the hearing officer conducting the hearing or the board, any other party may be allowed to intervene in the proceeding and to present testimony. The board or designated hearing officers shall not be bound by the rules of evidence applicable to courts, except as to the rules of privilege recognized by law.

(c) Designated investigators must conduct the investigation of charges.

(d) Hearing officers must be licensed to practice law in the state of Minnesota and must conduct the hearings and issue recommended decisions and orders.

(e) The board or its designees shall have the power to issue subpoenas and administer oaths. If any party willfully fails or neglects to appear or testify or to produce books, papers, and records pursuant to the issuance of a subpoena, the board may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to request that the party be ordered to appear to testify or produce the requested evidence.

(f) A full and complete record shall be kept of all proceedings before the board or designated hearing officer and shall be transcribed by a reporter appointed by the board.

(g) The party on whom the burden of proof rests shall be required to sustain the burden by a preponderance of the evidence.

(h) At any time prior to the close of a hearing, the parties may by mutual agreement request referral to mediation, at which time the commissioner shall appoint a mediator, and the hearing shall be suspended pending the results of the mediation.

(i) If, upon a preponderance of the evidence taken, the hearing officer determines that any party named in the charge has engaged in or is engaging in an unfair labor practice, then a recommended decision and order shall be issued stating findings of fact and conclusions, and requiring the party to cease and desist from the unfair labor practice, to post a cease-and-desist notice in the workplace, and ordering any appropriate relief to effectuate the policies of this section, including but not limited to reinstatement, back pay, and any other remedies that make a charging party whole. If back pay is awarded, the award must include interest at the rate of seven percent per annum. The order further may require the party to make reports from time to time, and demonstrate the extent to which the party has complied with the order.

(j) If there is no preponderance of evidence that the party named in the charge has engaged in or is engaging in the unfair labor practice, then the hearing officer shall issue a recommended decision and order stating findings of fact and dismissing the complaint.

(k) Parties may file exceptions to the hearing officer's recommended decision and order with the board no later than 30 days after service of the recommended decision and order. The board shall review the recommended decision and order upon timely filing of exceptions or upon its own motion. If no timely exceptions have been filed, the parties must be deemed to have waived their exceptions. Unless the board reviews the recommended decision and order upon its own motion, it must not be legal precedent and must be final and binding only on the parties to the proceeding as issued in an order issued by the board. If the board does review the recommended decision and order, the board may adopt all, part, or none of the recommended decision and order, depending on the extent to which it is consistent with the record and applicable laws. The board shall issue and serve on all parties its decision and order. The board shall retain jurisdiction over the case to ensure the parties' compliance with the board's order. Unless overturned by the board, the parties must comply with the recommended decision and order.

(l) Until the record has been filed in the court of appeals or district court, the board at any time, upon reasonable notice and in a manner it deems appropriate, may modify or set aside, in whole or in part, any finding or order made or issued by it.

(m) Upon a final order that an unfair labor practice has been committed, the board or the charging party may petition the district court for the enforcement of the order and for appropriate temporary relief or a restraining order. When the board petitions the court, the charging party may intervene as a matter of right.

(n) Whenever it appears that any party has violated a final order of the board issued pursuant to this section, the board must petition the district court for an order directing the party and its officers, agents, servants, successors, and assigns to comply with the order of the board. The board shall be represented in this action by its general counsel, who has been appointed by the board. The court may grant or refuse, in whole or in part, the relief sought, provided that the court also may stay an order of the board pending disposition of the proceedings. The court may punish a violation of its order as in civil contempt.

(o) The board shall have power, upon issuance of an unfair labor practice complaint alleging that a party has engaged in or is engaging in an unfair labor practice, to petition the district court for appropriate temporary relief or a restraining order. Upon the filing of any such petition, the court shall cause notice thereof to be served upon such parties, and thereupon shall have jurisdiction to grant to the board or commissioner temporary relief or a restraining order as it deems appropriate. Nothing in this paragraph precludes a charging party from seeking injunctive relief in district court after filing the unfair labor practice charge.

(p) The proceedings in paragraphs (m), (n), and (o) shall be commenced in the district court for the county in which the unfair labor practice which is the subject of the order or administrative complaint was committed, or where a party alleged to have committed the unfair labor practice resides or transacts business.

Subd. 2.Employers.

Public employers, their agents and representatives are prohibited from:

(1) interfering, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of the rights guaranteed in sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(2) dominating or interfering with the formation, existence, or administration of any employee organization or contributing other support to it;

(3) discriminating in regard to hire or tenure to encourage or discourage membership in an employee organization;

(4) discharging or otherwise discriminating against an employee because the employee has signed or filed an affidavit, petition, or complaint or given information or testimony under sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(5) refusing to meet and negotiate in good faith with the exclusive representative of its employees in an appropriate unit;

(6) refusing to comply with grievance procedures contained in an agreement;

(7) distributing or circulating a blacklist of individuals exercising a legal right or of members of a labor organization for the purpose of preventing blacklisted individuals from obtaining or retaining employment;

(8) violating rules established by the commissioner regulating the conduct of representation elections;

(9) refusing to comply with a valid decision of a binding arbitration panel or arbitrator;

(10) violating or refusing to comply with any lawful order or decision issued by the commissioner or the board;

(11) refusing to provide, upon the request of the exclusive representative, all information pertaining to the public employer's budget both present and proposed, revenues, and other financing information provided that in the executive branch of state government this clause may not be considered contrary to the budgetary requirements of sections 16A.10 and 16A.11; or

(12) granting or offering to grant the status of permanent replacement employee to a person for performing bargaining unit work for the employer during a lockout of employees in an employee organization or during a strike authorized by an employee organization that is an exclusive representative.

Subd. 3.Employees.

Employee organizations, their agents or representatives, and public employees are prohibited from:

(1) restraining or coercing employees in the exercise of rights provided in sections 179A.01 to 179A.25;

(2) restraining or coercing a public employer in the election of representatives to be employed to meet and negotiate or to adjust grievances;

(3) refusing to meet and negotiate in good faith with a public employer, if the employee organization is the exclusive representative of employees in an appropriate unit;

(4) violating rules established by the commissioner regulating the conduct of representation elections;

(5) refusing to comply with a valid decision of an arbitration panel or arbitrator;

(6) calling, instituting, maintaining, or conducting a strike or boycott against any public employer on account of any jurisdictional controversy;

(7) coercing or restraining any person with the effect to:

(i) force or require any public employer to cease dealing or doing business with any other person;

(ii) force or require a public employer to recognize for representation purposes an employee organization not certified by the commissioner;

(iii) refuse to handle goods or perform services; or

(iv) prevent an employee from providing services to the employer;

(8) committing any act designed to damage or actually damaging physical property or endangering the safety of persons while engaging in a strike;

(9) forcing or requiring any employer to assign particular work to employees in a particular employee organization or in a particular trade, craft, or class rather than to employees in another employee organization or in another trade, craft, or class;

(10) causing or attempting to cause a public employer to pay or deliver or agree to pay or deliver any money or other thing of value, in the nature of an exaction, for services which are not performed or not to be performed;

(11) engaging in an unlawful strike;

(12) picketing which has an unlawful purpose such as secondary boycott;

(13) picketing which unreasonably interferes with the ingress and egress to facilities of the public employer;

(14) seizing or occupying or destroying property of the employer;

(15) violating or refusing to comply with any lawful order or decision issued by the commissioner or the board.

NOTE: The amendment to this section by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 10, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.135 UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICES INVOLVING CHARITABLE HOSPITALS.

Any charitable hospital as defined in section 179.35, subdivision 2, any hospital employee as defined in section 179.35, subdivision 3, any labor organization as defined in section 179.01, subdivision 6, or any other person or organization connected with a charitable hospital, who is aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in sections 179.11 and 179.12, may file an unfair labor practice charge with the Public Employment Relations Board that will be processed in accordance with the provisions of sections 179A.051, 179A.052, and 179A.13.

NOTE: This section as added by Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 11, is effective July 1, 2020. Until July 1, 2020, any employee, employer, employee or employer organization, exclusive representative, or any other person or organization aggrieved by an unfair labor practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 179A.13, may bring an action for injunctive relief and for damages caused by the unfair labor practice in the district court of the county in which the practice is alleged to have occurred. Laws 2014, chapter 211, section 13, as amended by Laws 2015, First Special Session chapter 1, article 7, section 1; Laws 2016, chapter 189, article 7, section 42; Laws 2017, chapter 94, article 12, section 1.

179A.14 NEGOTIATION PROCEDURES.

Subdivision 1.Initiation of negotiation.

(a) First agreement. When an exclusive representative desires to meet and negotiate an initial agreement establishing terms and conditions of employment, the exclusive representative shall give written notice to the employer and the commissioner. If the exclusive representative has not been certified by the commissioner under section 179A.12 within one year of such written notice, the employer has ten days from receipt of the notice to object to the demand to negotiate by petitioning the commissioner to investigate either the appropriateness of the unit or the question of representation that the employer believes is raised by the demand, or both. If the employer does not object within ten days, the employer accepts the obligations of section 179A.07, subdivision 2, and the balance of this chapter with regard to such exclusive representative. If the employer does object by filing a petition under this section, the commissioner shall investigate the petition under section 179A.12, subdivision 5.

(b) Subsequent agreement. When a party to a contract desires to meet and negotiate an agreement subsequent to the initial agreement, the party shall give written notice to the other party and to the commissioner at least 60 days before the termination date of the existing contract. If a party fails to give the required 60-day notice, the party is subject to a fine of $10 per day for each day the notice is late. The fine for late notice may be waived at the discretion of the commissioner if the commissioner finds that the failure to give timely notice did not prejudice the commissioner or the other party in the fulfillment of their responsibilities and duties. The fine for late notice is the only penalty for late notice under this paragraph.

Subd. 2.Joint negotiations.

Public employers and exclusive representatives of employees may voluntarily participate in joint negotiations in similar or identical appropriate units. It is the policy of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 to encourage areawide negotiations, and the commissioner shall encourage it when possible.

Subd. 3.Public meetings.

All negotiations, mediation sessions, and hearings between public employers and public employees or their respective representatives are public meetings except when otherwise provided by the commissioner.

179A.15 MEDIATION.

Once notice has been given under section 179A.14, the employer or the exclusive representative may petition the commissioner for mediation services.

A petition by an employer shall be signed by the employer or an authorized officer or agent. A petition by an exclusive representative shall be signed by its authorized officer. All petitions shall be served on the commissioner in writing. The petition shall state briefly the nature of the disagreement of the parties. Upon receipt of a petition and upon concluding that mediation would be useful, the commissioner shall fix a time and place for a conference with the parties to negotiate the issues not agreed upon, and shall then take the most expedient steps to bring about a settlement, including assisting in negotiating and drafting an agreement.

If the commissioner determines that mediation would be useful in resolving a dispute, the commissioner may mediate the dispute even if neither party has filed a petition for mediation. In these cases, the commissioner shall proceed as if a petition had been filed.

The commissioner shall not furnish mediation services to any employee or employee representative who is not certified as an exclusive representative.

All parties shall respond to the summons of the commissioner for conferences and shall continue in conference until excused by the commissioner.

179A.16 INTEREST ARBITRATION.

Subdivision 1.Nonessential employees.

An exclusive representative or an employer of a unit of employees other than essential employees may request interest arbitration by providing written notice of the request to the other party and the commissioner. The written request for arbitration must specify the items to be submitted to arbitration and whether conventional, final-offer total-package, or final-offer item-by-item arbitration is contemplated by the request.

The items to be submitted to arbitration and the form of arbitration to be used are subject to mutual agreement. If an agreement to arbitrate is reached, it must be reduced to writing and a copy of the agreement filed with the commissioner. A failure to respond, or to reach agreement on the items or form of arbitration, within 15 days of receipt of the request to arbitrate constitutes a rejection of the request.

Subd. 2.Essential employees.

An exclusive representative or employer of a unit of essential employees may petition for binding interest arbitration by filing a written request with the other party and the commissioner. The written request must specify the items which that party wishes to submit to binding arbitration. Within 15 days of the request, the commissioner shall determine whether further mediation of the dispute would be appropriate and shall only certify matters for arbitration in cases where the commissioner believes that both parties have made substantial, good faith bargaining efforts and that an impasse has occurred.

Subd. 3.Procedure.

Within 15 days from the time the commissioner has certified a matter to be ready for binding arbitration because of an agreement under subdivision 1 or in accordance with subdivision 2, both parties shall submit their final positions on the items in dispute. In the event of a dispute over the items to be submitted to binding arbitration involving essential employees, the commissioner shall determine the items to be decided by arbitration based on the efforts to mediate the dispute and the positions submitted by the parties during the course of those efforts. The parties may stipulate items to be excluded from arbitration.

Subd. 4.Selection of arbitrator or panel of arbitrators.

The parties may select persons who are members of the arbitration roster maintained by the bureau to act as the arbitrator or panel in their dispute by mutual agreement. In the event of a mutual agreement on the arbitrator or panel, the commissioner shall advise in writing the arbitrator or panel. If the parties do not mutually agree upon the arbitrator or panel, the commissioner shall provide the parties to the interest arbitration a list of seven arbitrators. The commissioner shall mail the list of arbitrators to the parties within five working days. The parties shall alternately strike names from the list of arbitrators until only a single arbitrator remains, unless the parties request and mutually agree to utilize a panel of three arbitrators. If the parties are unable to agree on who shall strike the first name, the question must be decided by the flip of a coin. The arbitrator or arbitrators remaining after the striking procedure shall constitute the arbitrator or panel.

Subd. 5.Jurisdiction of arbitrator or panel.

The arbitrator or panel selected by the parties has jurisdiction over the items of dispute certified to and submitted by the commissioner. However, the arbitrator or panel has no jurisdiction or authority to entertain any matter or issue that is not a term and condition of employment, unless the matter or issue was included in the employer's final position. Any decision or part of a decision issued which determines a matter or issue which is not a term or condition of employment and was not included in the employer's final position is void and of no effect. A decision which violates, is in conflict with, or causes a penalty to be incurred under: (1) the laws of Minnesota; or (2) rules promulgated under law, or municipal charters, ordinances, or resolutions, provided that the rules, charters, ordinances, and resolutions are consistent with this chapter, has no force or effect and shall be returned to the arbitrator or panel to make it consistent with the laws, rules, charters, ordinances, or resolutions.

Subd. 6.Powers of arbitrator or panel.

The arbitrator or panel may issue subpoenas requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence that relates to any matter involved in any dispute before it. The arbitrator or panel may administer oaths and affidavits and may examine witnesses. Attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence may be required from any place in the state at any hearing. However, any hearing must be held in the county where the principal administrative offices of the employer are located, unless another location is selected by agreement of the parties. In case of refusal to obey a subpoena issued under this section, the district court of the state for the county where the proceeding is pending or where the person who refuses to obey is found, or resides, or transacts business, on application of the arbitrator or panel, has jurisdiction to issue an order requiring the person to appear before the panel, to produce evidence, or to give testimony. Failure to obey the order may be punished by the court as a contempt. Posthearing briefs, if any, must be received by the arbitrator within 14 days of the hearing.

Subd. 7.Decision by arbitrator or panel.

The decision must be issued by the arbitrator or a majority vote of the panel. The decision must resolve the issues in dispute between the parties as submitted by the commissioner. For principals and assistant principals, the arbitrator or panel is restricted to selecting between the final offers of the parties on each impasse item. For other employees, if the parties agree in writing, the arbitrator or panel is restricted to selecting between the final offers of the parties on each impasse item, or the final offer of one or the other parties in its entirety. In considering a dispute and issuing its decision, the arbitrator or panel shall consider the statutory rights and obligations of public employers to efficiently manage and conduct their operations within the legal limitations surrounding the financing of these operations. The decision is final and binding on all parties.

The arbitrator or panel shall render its decision within 30 days from the date that all arbitration proceedings have concluded. The arbitrator or panel may not request that the parties waive their right to have the decision rendered within 30 days, unless the commissioner grants an extension of the deadline. The commissioner shall remove from the roster for six months the name of any arbitrator who does not render the decision within 30 days or within the extension granted by the commissioner. The commissioner shall adopt rules establishing criteria to be followed in determining whether an extension should be granted. The decision must be for the period stated in the decision, except that decisions determining contracts for teacher units are effective to the end of the contract period determined by section 179A.20.

The arbitrator or panel shall send its decision to the commissioner, the appropriate representative of the public employer, and the employees. If any issues submitted to arbitration are settled voluntarily before the arbitrator or panel issues a decision, the arbitrator or panel shall report the settlement to the commissioner.

The parties may, at any time before or after issuance of a decision of the arbitrator or panel, agree upon terms and conditions of employment regardless of the terms and conditions of employment determined by the decision. The parties shall, if so agreeing, execute a written contract or memorandum of contract.

Subd. 7a.

[Repealed, 2008 c 267 s 1]

Subd. 8.Database; fees, charges, and per diems.

The commissioner shall maintain a database of all fees, charges, and per diems charged by each arbitrator. The database must include the total charges imposed by the arbitrator in the previous six interest arbitration cases. For each arbitration decision rendered by an arbitrator, the arbitrator shall submit a copy of the award and a description of all fees, charges, and per diems assessed to the parties to the commissioner. Data from this database must be available to the public. All costs of the panel must be shared equally by the parties to the dispute.

Subd. 9.No arbitration.

Failure to reach agreement on employer payment of, or contributions toward, premiums for group insurance coverage of retired employees is not subject to interest arbitration procedures under this section, except for units of essential employees.

179A.17 NEW EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATIVES.

Subdivision 1.For teachers.

If a new or different exclusive representative of teachers employed by a local school district is certified by the commissioner at any time other than the period between 120 days before the termination date of a contract and the termination date of the contract, or if on July 1 of any odd-numbered year a representation proceeding involving the employer and the employer's teachers is before the commissioner, section 179A.18, subdivision 2, clause (1), shall apply. In those cases, however, the employer and the exclusive representative of the teachers shall execute a written contract or memorandum of contract no later than 60 days after a certification by the commissioner of a new or different exclusive representative or the resolution by the commissioner of a representation proceeding. Either party may petition the commissioner for assistance in reaching an agreement. If the employer and the exclusive representative of the teachers fail to execute a contract by 60 days after the certification of a new or different exclusive representative or the resolution by the commissioner of a representation proceeding, they shall be conclusively presumed to be at an impasse after having participated in mediation as specified in section 179A.18, subdivision 2, clause (1)(ii).

Subd. 2.Nonteachers.

If a new or different exclusive representative of employees other than teachers employed by a local school district is certified by the commissioner, or if on the expiration date of an existing contract a representation proceeding is before the commissioner, section 179A.18, subdivision 1, clause (1), shall apply. In those cases, however, the employer and the exclusive representative of the employees shall execute a written contract or memorandum of contract no later than 45 days after a certification by the commissioner of a new or different exclusive representative or the resolution by the commissioner of a representation proceeding. Either party may petition the commissioner for assistance in reaching an agreement. If the employer and the exclusive representative fail to execute a contract by 45 days after the certification of a new or different exclusive representative or the resolution by the commissioner of a representation proceeding, they shall be conclusively presumed to be at an impasse after having participated for a period of no less than 45 days in mediation sessions.

179A.18 STRIKES AUTHORIZED.

Subdivision 1.When authorized.

Essential employees may not strike. Except as otherwise provided by subdivision 2 and section 179A.17, subdivision 2, other public employees may strike only under the following circumstances:

(1)(i) the collective bargaining agreement between their exclusive representative and their employer has expired or, if there is no agreement, impasse under section 179A.17, subdivision 2, has occurred; and

(ii) the exclusive representative and the employer have participated in mediation over a period of at least 45 days, provided that the mediation period established by section 179A.17, subdivision 2, governs negotiations under that section, and provided that for the purposes of this item the mediation period commences on the day following receipt by the commissioner of a request for mediation; or

(2) the employer violates section 179A.13, subdivision 2, clause (9); or

(3) in the case of state employees, (i) the Legislative Coordinating Commission has rejected a negotiated agreement or arbitration decision during a legislative interim; or (ii) the entire legislature rejects or fails to ratify a negotiated agreement or arbitration decision, which has been approved during a legislative interim by the Legislative Coordinating Commission, at a special legislative session called to consider it, or at its next regular legislative session, whichever occurs first.

Subd. 2.School district requirements.

Except as otherwise provided by section 179A.17, subdivision 1, teachers employed by a local school district, other than principals and assistant principals, may strike only under the following circumstances:

(1)(i) the collective bargaining agreement between their exclusive representative and their employer has expired or, if there is no agreement, impasse under section 179A.17, subdivision 1, has occurred; and

(ii) the exclusive representative and the employer have participated in mediation over a period of at least 30 days. For the purposes of this item the mediation period commences on the day that a mediator designated by the commissioner first attends a conference with the parties to negotiate the issues not agreed upon; and

(iii) neither party has requested interest arbitration or a request for binding interest arbitration has been rejected; or

(2) the employer violates section 179A.13, subdivision 2, clause (9).

Subd. 3.Notice.

In addition to the other requirements of this section, no employee may strike unless written notification of intent to strike is served on the employer and the commissioner by the exclusive representative at least ten days prior to the commencement of the strike. For all employees other than teachers, if more than 30 days have expired after service of a notification of intent to strike, no strike may commence until ten days after service of a new written notification. For teachers, no strike may commence more than 25 days after service of notification of intent to strike unless, before the end of the 25-day period, the exclusive representative and the employer agree that the period during which a strike may commence shall be extended for an additional period not to exceed five days. Teachers are limited to one notice of intent to strike for each contract negotiation period, provided, however, that a strike notice may be renewed for an additional ten days, the first five of which shall be a notice period during which no strike may occur, if the following conditions have been satisfied:

(1) an original notice was provided pursuant to this section; and

(2) a tentative agreement to resolve the dispute was reached during the original strike notice period; and

(3) such tentative agreement was rejected by either party during or after the original strike notice period.

The first day of the renewed strike notice period shall commence on the day following the expiration of the previous strike notice period or the day following the rejection of the tentative agreement, whichever is later. Notification of intent to strike under subdivisions 1, clause (1); and 2, clause (1), may not be served until the collective bargaining agreement has expired, or if there is no agreement, on or after the date impasse under section 179A.17 has occurred.

179A.19 ILLEGAL STRIKES.

Subdivision 1.Other strikes illegal.

Except as authorized by section 179A.18, all strikes by public employees are illegal. Except as provided in this section, no unfair labor practice or violation of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25 by a public employer gives public employees a right to strike. Those factors may be considered, however, by the court in mitigation of or retraction of any penalties provided by this section.

Subd. 2.Individual penalties.

Notwithstanding any other law, public employees who strike in violation of this section may have their appointment or employment terminated by the employer effective the date the violation first occurs. The termination shall be made by serving written notice upon the employee. Service may be made by certified mail.

Subd. 3.Presumption of strike.

For purposes of this section, an employee who is absent from any portion of a work assignment without permission, or who abstains wholly or in part from the full performance of duties without permission from the employer on a day when a strike not authorized by this section occurs is prima facie presumed to have engaged in an illegal strike on that day.

Subd. 4.Reappointment.

A public employee who knowingly participates in a strike in violation of this section and whose employment has been terminated under this section may subsequently be appointed or reappointed, employed or reemployed, but the employee shall be on probation for two years with respect to the civil service status, tenure of employment, or contract of employment to which the employee was previously entitled.

Subd. 5.Compensation.

No employee is entitled to any daily pay, wages, reimbursement of expenses, or per diem for the days on which the employee engaged in a strike.

Subd. 6.Hearings.

Any public employee is entitled to request the opportunity to establish that the employee did not violate this section. The request shall be filed in writing with the officer or body having the power to remove the employee, within ten days after notice of termination is served upon the employee. The employing officer or body shall within ten days commence a proceeding at which the employee shall be entitled to be heard for the purpose of determining whether the provisions of this section have been violated by the public employee. If there are contractual grievance procedures, laws or rules establishing proceedings to remove the public employee, the hearing shall be conducted in accordance with whichever procedure the employee elects. The election shall be binding and shall terminate any right to the alternative procedures. The same proceeding may include more than one employee's employment status if the employees' defenses are identical, analogous, or reasonably similar. The proceedings shall be undertaken without unnecessary delay.

Any person whose termination is sustained in the administrative or grievance proceeding may appeal in accordance with chapter 14.

Subd. 7.Employee organization penalties.

An employee organization which has been found pursuant to section 179A.13 to have violated this section: (1) shall lose its status, if any, as exclusive representative; and (2) may not be so certified by the commissioner for a period of two years following the finding. No employer may deduct employee payments to any such organization for a period of two years.

179A.20 CONTRACTS.

Subdivision 1.Written contract.

The exclusive representative and the employer shall execute a written contract or memorandum of contract containing the terms of the negotiated agreement or interest arbitration decision and any terms established by law.

Subd. 2.No contract provisions contrary to law.

No provision of a contract shall be in conflict with:

(1) the laws of Minnesota; or

(2) rules promulgated under law, or municipal charters, ordinances, or resolutions, provided that the rules, charters, ordinances, and resolutions are consistent with this chapter.

Subd. 2a.Former employee benefits.

A contract may not obligate an employer to fund all or part of the cost of health care benefits for a former employee beyond the duration of the contract, subject to section 179A.20, subdivision 6. A personnel policy may not obligate an employer to fund all or part of health care benefits for a former employee beyond the duration of the policy. A policy may not extend beyond the termination of the contract of longest duration covering other employees of the employer or, if none, the termination of the budgetary cycle during which the policy is adopted.

Subd. 3.Duration.

The duration of the contract is negotiable but shall not exceed three years. Any contract between a school board and an exclusive representative of teachers shall be for a term of two years, beginning on July 1 of each odd-numbered year. A contract between a school board and an exclusive representative of teachers shall contain the teachers' compensation including fringe benefits for the entire two-year term and shall not contain a wage reopening clause or any other provision for the renegotiation of the teachers' compensation.

Subd. 4.Grievance procedure.

(a) All contracts must include a grievance procedure providing for compulsory binding arbitration of grievances including all written disciplinary actions. If the parties cannot agree on the grievance procedure, they are subject to the grievance procedure promulgated by the commissioner under section 179A.04, subdivision 3, clause (h).

(b) Notwithstanding any home rule charter to the contrary, after the probationary period of employment, any disciplinary action is subject to the grievance procedure and compulsory binding arbitration.

(c) Employees covered by civil service systems created under chapter 43A, 44, 375, 387, 419, or 420, by a home rule charter under chapter 410, or by Laws 1941, chapter 423, may pursue a grievance through the procedure established under this section. When the grievance is also within the jurisdiction of appeals boards or appeals procedures created by chapter 43A, 44, 375, 387, 419, or 420, by a home rule charter under chapter 410, or by Laws 1941, chapter 423, the employee may proceed through the grievance procedure or the civil service appeals procedure, but once a written grievance or appeal has been properly filed or submitted by the employee or on the employee's behalf with the employee's consent the employee may not proceed in the alternative manner.

(d) A teacher who elects a hearing before an arbitrator under section 122A.40, subdivision 15, or 122A.41, subdivision 13, or who elects or acquiesces to a hearing before the school board may not later proceed in the alternative manner nor challenge the termination or discharge through a grievance procedure required by this subdivision.

(e) This section does not require employers or employee organizations to negotiate on matters other than terms and conditions of employment.

Subd. 5.Implementation.

Upon execution of the contract, the employer shall implement it in the form of an ordinance or resolution. If implementation of the contract requires adoption of a law, ordinance, or charter amendment, the employer shall make every reasonable effort to propose and secure the enactment of this law, ordinance, resolution, or charter amendment.

Subd. 6.Contract in effect.

During the period after contract expiration and prior to the date when the right to strike matures, and for additional time if the parties agree, the terms of an existing contract shall continue in effect and shall be enforceable upon both parties.

179A.21 GRIEVANCE ARBITRATION.

Subdivision 1.Definition.

For purposes of this section, "grievance" means a dispute or disagreement as to the interpretation or application of any term or terms of any contract required by section 179A.20.

Subd. 2.Selection.

If the parties to a contract cannot agree upon an arbitrator or panel of arbitrators as provided by the contract grievance procedures or the procedures established by the commissioner, the parties shall alternately strike names from a list of arbitrators selected by the commissioner until only one name remains. This arbitrator shall decide the grievance and the decision is binding upon the parties. The parties shall share equally the costs and fees of the arbitrator.

Subd. 3.Limits.

Arbitration decisions authorized or required by a grievance procedure are subject to the limitations contained in section 179A.16, subdivision 5. The arbitrator shall send the commissioner a copy of each grievance arbitration decision and any written explanation. If any issues submitted to arbitration are settled voluntarily before the arbitrator issues a decision, the arbitrator shall report the settlement to the commissioner.

179A.22 STATE AND ITS EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.

Subdivision 1.Appointing authority.

For purposes of this section the term "appointing authority" has the meaning given it by section 43A.02, subdivision 5.

Subd. 2.Employer.

The employer of state executive branch employees shall be, for purposes of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25, the commissioner of management and budget or the commissioner's representative.

Subd. 3.Duties.

In all negotiations between the executive branch of the state and exclusive representatives, the state executive branch shall be represented by the commissioner of management and budget or the commissioner's representative. The attorney general, and each appointing authority shall cooperate with the commissioner of management and budget in conducting negotiations and shall make available any personnel and other resources necessary to enable the commissioner to conduct effective negotiations.

Subd. 4.Agreements.

The commissioner of management and budget is authorized to enter into agreements with exclusive representatives. The negotiated agreements and arbitration decision must be submitted to the legislature to be accepted or rejected in accordance with this section and section 3.855.

179A.225 COURT EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.

Subdivision 1.Employer.

The employer of court employees is, for purposes of sections 179A.01 to 179A.25, the state court administrator or designated representative.

Subd. 2.Duties.

In all negotiations between the state court system and exclusive representatives of court employees, the state court system must be represented by the state court administrator or designated representative. All judges and managerial, confidential, and supervisory personnel of the supreme court, the court of appeals, and the judicial districts that are under section 480.181, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), shall cooperate with the designated representative of the state court administrator in conducting negotiations and shall make available any personnel and other resources necessary to enable the representative of the state court administrator to conduct effective negotiations.

Subd. 3.Agreements.

The state court administrator is authorized to enter into agreements with exclusive representatives.

179A.226 BOARD OF PUBLIC DEFENSE EMPLOYEES; NEGOTIATIONS.

Subdivision 1.Duties.

In all negotiations between the state Board of Public Defense and exclusive representatives, the board must be represented by the chief administrator of the board or the chief administrator's designee. Each appointing authority shall cooperate with the chief administrator in conducting negotiations and shall make available any personnel and other resources necessary to enable the chief administrator to conduct effective negotiations. For purposes of this subdivision, "appointing authority" means the state public defender, the deputy state public defender, or the chief public defender of the judicial district, as appropriate.

Subd. 2.Agreements.

The state Board of Public Defense is authorized to enter into agreements with exclusive representatives.

179A.23 LIMITATION ON CONTRACTING-OUT OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBERS OF A STATE OF MINNESOTA OR UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BARGAINING UNIT.

Any contract entered into after March 23, 1982, by the state of Minnesota or the University of Minnesota involving services, any part of which, in the absence of the contract, would be performed by members of a unit provided in sections 179A.10 and 179A.11, shall be subject to section 16C.06 and shall provide for the preferential employment by a party of members of that unit whose employment with the state of Minnesota or the University of Minnesota is terminated as a result of that contract.

Contracts entered into by the state of Minnesota for the purpose of providing court reporter services or transcription of the record of a hearing which was recorded by means of an audio magnetic recording device shall be subject to section 16C.08 and the preferential employment provisions enumerated in this section. Any court reporter seeking a contract pursuant to the preferential employment provisions of this section shall be given preference when the services are needed only if that court reporter's charges for the services requested are no greater than the average of the charges made for the identical services by other court reporters in the same locality who are also under contract with the state for those services.

179A.24 APPLICATION OF SECTIONS 185.07 TO 185.19.

Sections 185.07 to 185.19, apply to all public employees, including those specifically excepted from the definition of public employee in section 179A.03, subdivision 14, except as sections 185.07 to 185.19 are inconsistent with section 179A.13.

History:

1984 c 462 s 25

179A.25 INDEPENDENT REVIEW.

It is the public policy of the state of Minnesota that every public employee should be provided with the right of independent review, by a disinterested person or agency, of any grievance arising out of the interpretation of or adherence to terms and conditions of employment. When such review is not provided under statutory, charter, or ordinance provisions for a civil service or merit system, the governmental agency may provide for such review consistent with the provisions of law or charter. If no other procedure exists for the independent review of such grievances, the employee may present the grievance to the commissioner under procedures established by the commissioner.

179A.30 REGIONAL TREATMENT CENTER, NURSING HOME, AND COMMUNITY-BASED FACILITY EMPLOYEES.

Subdivision 1.Exclusive representative.

The exclusive representative of employees may meet and negotiate with the commissioner of management and budget, in consultation with the commissioner of human services, concerning possible changes in hours or work schedules that could produce cost reductions in the regional treatment centers.

Subd. 2.Commissioner of management and budget.

The commissioner of management and budget shall meet and negotiate in accordance with this chapter with the appropriate exclusive representative of the regional treatment center employees concerning the terms and conditions of employment that result from state-operated, community-based residential programs established under section 252.50.

179A.40 HENNEPIN HEALTHCARE SYSTEM, INC.

Subdivision 1.Units.

The following are the appropriate employee units of the Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc. All units shall exclude supervisors, managerial employees, and confidential employees. No additional units of Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc., shall be eligible to be certified for the purpose of meeting and negotiating with an exclusive representative. The units include all:

(1) registered nurses;

(2) physicians;

(3) professionals except for registered nurses and physicians;

(4) technical and paraprofessional employees;

(5) carpenters, electricians, painters, and plumbers;

(6) health general service employees;

(7) interpreters;

(8) emergency medical technicians/emergency medical dispatchers (EMT/EMD), and paramedics;

(9) bioelectronics specialists, bioelectronics technicians, and electronics technicians;

(10) skilled maintenance employees; and

(11) clerical employees.

Subd. 2.Nonconforming units.

Preexisting Hennepin County Medical Center bargaining units covered by existing labor agreements on June 3, 2005, that do not conform to one of the 11 units described in subdivision 1 shall continue to be appropriate. If an employee representative seeks to represent employees who are residual to an existing nonconforming unit, then all of the employees who are residual to that unit shall be eligible to vote in an election conducted by the commissioner. An election shall be held when an employee organization or group of employees files a petition for an election and the petition is supported by a showing of interest from 30 percent or more of the employees who are residual to an existing nonconforming unit. The employees who are residual to an existing nonconforming unit shall be included within the existing nonconforming unit if a majority of the eligible employees who vote cast their ballots in favor of representation during an election conducted by the commissioner. Nothing shall preclude an exclusive representative and Hennepin Healthcare System, Inc., or prior to the formation of the corporation Hennepin County, from agreeing to an election conducted by the commissioner or other appropriate procedure by which less than all of the employees who are residual to an existing nonconforming unit may be added to the unit.

179A.50 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.51 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.52 MS 2016 [Expired, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 6]
179A.53 MS 2016 [Never effective, 2013 c 128 art 1 s 4,6]

179A.54 INDIVIDUAL PROVIDERS OF DIRECT SUPPORT SERVICES.

Subdivision 1.Definitions.

For the purposes of this section:

(a) "Direct support services" has the meaning given to it under section 256B.0711, subdivision 1, paragraph (c).

(b) "Individual provider" has the meaning given to it under section 256B.0711, subdivision 1, paragraph (d).

(c) "Participant" has the meaning given to it under section 256B.0711, subdivision 1, paragraph (e).

(d) "Participant's representative" has the meaning given to it under section 256B.0711, subdivision 1, paragraph (f).

Subd. 2.Rights of individual providers and participants.

For the purposes of the Public Employment Labor Relations Act, under chapter 179A, individual providers shall be considered, by virtue of this section, executive branch state employees employed by the commissioner of management and budget or the commissioner's representative. This section does not require the treatment of individual providers as public employees for any other purpose. Individual providers are not state employees for purposes of section 3.736. Chapter 179A shall apply to individual providers except as otherwise provided in this section. Notwithstanding section 179A.03, subdivision 14, paragraph (a), clause (5), chapter 179A shall apply to individual providers regardless of part-time or full-time employment status.

Subd. 3.Scope of meet and negotiate obligation.

If an exclusive representative is certified pursuant to this section, the mutual rights and obligations of the state and an exclusive representative of individual providers to meet and negotiate regarding terms and conditions shall extend to the subjects covered under section 256B.0711, subdivision 4, paragraph (c), but shall not include those subjects reserved to participants or participants' representatives by subdivision 4.

Subd. 4.Rights of covered program participants.

No provision of any agreement reached between the state and any exclusive representative of individual providers, nor any arbitration award, shall interfere with the rights of participants or participants' representatives to select, hire, direct, supervise, and terminate the employment of their individual providers; to manage an individual service budget regarding the amounts and types of authorized goods or services received; or to receive direct support services from individual providers not referred to them through a state registry.

Subd. 5.Legislative action on agreements.

Any agreement reached between the state and the exclusive representative of individual providers under chapter 179A shall be submitted to the legislature to be accepted or rejected in accordance with sections 3.855 and 179A.22.

Subd. 6.Strikes prohibited.

Individual providers shall be subject to the prohibition on strikes applied to essential employees under section 179A.18.

Subd. 7.Interest arbitration.

Individual providers shall be subject to the interest arbitration procedures applied to essential employees under section 179A.16.

Subd. 8.Appropriate unit.

The only appropriate unit for individual providers shall be a statewide unit of all individual providers. The unit shall be treated as an appropriate unit under section 179A.10, subdivision 2. Individual providers who are related to their participant or their participant's representative shall not for such reason be excluded from the appropriate unit.

Subd. 9.List access.

Beginning September 1, 2013, upon a showing made to the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services by any employee organization wishing to represent the appropriate unit of individual providers that at least 500 individual providers support such representation, the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services shall provide to such organization within seven days the most recent list of individual providers compiled under section 256B.0711, subdivision 4, paragraph (f), and three subsequent monthly lists upon request. The commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services shall provide lists compiled under section 256B.0711, subdivision 4, paragraph (f), upon request, to any exclusive representative of individual providers. To facilitate operation of this section, the commissioner of human services shall provide all lists to the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services, upon the request of the commissioner of the Bureau of Mediation Services. When the list is available to an employee organization under this subdivision, the list must be made publicly available.

Subd. 10.Representation and election.

Beginning October 1, 2013, any employee organization wishing to represent the appropriate unit of individual providers may seek exclusive representative status pursuant to section 179A.12. Certification elections for individual providers shall be conducted by mail ballot, and such election shall be conducted upon an appropriate petition stating that among individual providers who have been paid for providing direct support services to participants within the previous 12 months, a number of individual providers equal to at least 30 percent of those eligible to vote wish to be represented by the petitioner. The individual providers eligible to vote in any such election shall be those individual providers on the monthly list of individual providers compiled under section 256B.0711, subdivision 4, paragraph (f), most recently preceding the filing of the election petition. Except as otherwise provided, elections under this section shall be conducted in accordance with section 179A.12.

179A.60 JOINT POWERS AGREEMENTS.

Subdivision 1.Definition.

For purposes of this section, "entity" means an operating organization, established by agreement of two or more governmental units for the joint exercise of governmental powers, that has its own governing board with the authority to hire its own employees. For purposes of this section, entity does not include service delivery authorities created under section 402A.35.

Subd. 2.Application.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 179A.12 or any other law, this section governs the initial certification and decertification, if any, of exclusive representatives for an entity. Employees of an entity are public employees and joint powers entities are public employers under section 179A.03. After initial certification and decertification, if any, as provided in this section, this section does not apply.

Subd. 3.Determination of appropriate bargaining unit.

For purposes of determining an appropriate unit, employees hired by, assigned to, or transferred to the joint powers entity shall be presumed to be the appropriate unit for all employees of the newly created joint powers entity, unless the commissioner determines it inappropriate under the standards established in section 179A.09. The commissioner may also approve an alternative bargaining unit structure agreed upon by all parties. The determination shall take effect as soon as practicable after filing of a petition, but not later than the date the joint powers entity is formally created.

Subd. 4.Transition to new bargaining units and certification of exclusive representatives.

In certification of exclusive representatives for appropriate units of employees of newly created joint powers entities, the commissioner shall use the criterion set forth in section 179A.102.

Subd. 5.Early unit determination and exclusive representative certification.

(a) Prior to the effective date of an agreement creating an entity, the commissioner may resolve questions of appropriate unit determination and provide for the certification of exclusive representatives if:

(1) all the governmental units creating the entity pass a resolution requesting the commissioner to do so; and

(2) the affected exclusive representatives agree.

(b) A new collective bargaining agreement may be negotiated under subdivision 7 prior to the effective date of an agreement creating an entity, so long as the collective bargaining agreement is approved by all of the governmental units creating the entity.

Subd. 6.Interim collective bargaining agreements.

(a) This subdivision only applies if an exclusive representative is certified under subdivision 4.

(b) Until a successor contract is executed between the new joint powers entity and the exclusive representative of its employees, the board of the joint powers entity and the exclusive representatives of the employees may agree:

(1) to comply with the contract with the member of the entity that employed the largest portion of the new employees who are assigned to the new joint powers entity with respect to all of the employees assigned to the new joint powers entity; or

(2) that each of the contracts shall apply to the employees previously subject to the respective contract.

(c) In the absence of an agreement according to paragraph (b), each of the contracts shall apply to the employees previously subject to the respective contract and shall be binding on the new joint powers entity.

Subd. 7.Contract negotiations and administration.

The exclusive representative of employees of a new joint powers entity shall upon certification be responsible to negotiate a new collective bargaining agreement, file grievances, and otherwise administer the prior collective bargaining agreement until a new collective bargaining agreement is agreed to, and to receive dues or fair-share fees.

Subd. 8.Investigation and discipline.

If an employee who is transferred from the employment of a member to the employment of a joint powers entity is under investigation by the member of the entity at the time of the transfer and would be subject to discipline by the member of the entity, the new joint powers entity may discipline the employee for just cause, and the employee's union may file a grievance under the collective bargaining agreement the employee was covered by as an employee of a member of the entity or the new collective bargaining agreement after it is agreed to.

Subd. 9.Employee personnel files.

The governmental units creating an entity may provide the new entity with access to private and confidential data relating to employees of the governmental units who become employees of the entity.

Subd. 10.Seniority.

Upon creation of a new entity, seniority shall be based on the employee's continuous service with a member of the entity and the employee's service with the entity.

Subd. 11.Layoffs and recalls.

Layoffs and recalls shall be based on seniority as defined herein. Recall rights shall continue to apply until a new collective bargaining agreement is agreed to by the parties.

Subd. 12.Decertification.

The commissioner may not consider a petition for decertification of an exclusive representative certified under this section for one year after certification. After that time, a petition must be considered under the provisions of section 179A.12.

History:

2014 c 223 s 1