|241.01||CREATION OF DEPARTMENT.|
|241.015||[Repealed, 1998 c 366 s 90]|
|241.016||ANNUAL PERFORMANCE REPORT REQUIRED.|
|241.018||PER DIEM CALCULATION.|
|241.02||TRANSFER OF POWERS AND DUTIES.|
|ADULT AND JUVENILE FACILITIES|
|241.021||LICENSING AND SUPERVISION OF FACILITIES.|
|241.022||[Repealed, 2014 c 218 s 10]|
|241.0221||[Repealed, 2014 c 218 s 10]|
|241.0222||CONTRACTS WITH NEWLY CONSTRUCTED JAIL FACILITIES THAT PROVIDE ACCESS TO CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY TREATMENT PROGRAMS.|
|241.023||DESIGNATION OF STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.|
|241.024||[Repealed, 2014 c 218 s 10]|
|PEACE AND CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS|
|241.025||FUGITIVE APPREHENSION UNIT.|
|241.026||CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS DISCIPLINE PROCEDURES.|
|241.03||[Repealed, 1973 c 654 s 14]|
|241.04||[Repealed, 1973 c 654 s 14]|
|241.045||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|RECORDS AND RELEASE OR TRANSFER OF INMATES|
|241.06||RECORD OF INMATES; COMMISSIONER OF CORRECTIONS.|
|241.065||CONDITIONAL RELEASE DATA SYSTEM.|
|241.07||TRANSFER OF INMATES TO OTHER STATE INSTITUTIONS.|
|MONEY AND FUNDS|
|241.08||MONEY OF INMATES OF CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS.|
|241.09||UNCLAIMED MONEY OR PERSONAL PROPERTY OF INMATES OF CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.|
|241.10||DISPOSAL OF FUNDS; CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS.|
|241.105||SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS; INMATE DISCHARGE PLANNING.|
|241.11||PROTECTION AGAINST FIRE.|
|241.12||[Repealed, 1973 c 400 s 2]|
|241.13||CONTINGENT ACCOUNT; DAMAGE DEPOSITS; CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS.|
|EMPLOYMENT PHYSICAL EXAMINATION|
|241.14||PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR EMPLOYMENT IN CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.|
|241.15||[Repealed, 1981 c 192 s 21]|
|CEMETERY AND BURIAL|
|241.16||CEMETERY AT CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.|
|241.18||ABANDONMENT OF CEMETERY; COURT ORDER.|
|241.19||[Repealed, 2001 c 210 s 30]|
|INMATE WORK, EDUCATION, AND ACTIVITIES|
|241.20||INMATES TO DO CONSERVATION WORK.|
|241.21||INMATES AVAILABLE TO STATE DEPARTMENTS.|
|241.22||MAY EXPEND MONEY.|
|241.23||CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER TO MAKE SELECTION.|
|241.24||[Repealed, 1963 c 753 art 2 s 17]|
|241.241||PRISON GARDENING PROGRAM.|
|241.25||[Repealed, 1993 c 326 art 8 s 17]|
|241.251||PRESS AND MEDIA ACCESS FOR INMATES.|
|241.26||PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT OF INMATES OF STATE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN COMMUNITY.|
|241.265||HIGHER EDUCATION; CERTAIN PAYMENTS PROHIBITED.|
|241.27||VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF INMATES; MINNESOTA CORRECTIONAL INDUSTRIES; REVOLVING ACCOUNTS.|
|241.271||REIMBURSEMENT OF COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES; BUDGET REQUEST.|
|241.275||PRODUCTIVE DAY INITIATIVE PROGRAMS; CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES.|
|241.277||[Repealed, 1999 c 216 art 4 s 17]|
|241.278||AGREEMENTS FOR WORK FORCE OF STATE OR COUNTY JAIL INMATES.|
|INTERSTATE CORRECTIONS COMPACT|
|241.30||POWERS WITH RELATION TO COMPACT.|
|241.301||FINGERPRINTS OF INMATES, PAROLEES, AND PROBATIONERS FROM OTHER STATES.|
|COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS PROGRAMS|
|241.31||ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION BY MUNICIPALITY.|
|241.32||ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION BY STATE.|
|BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS; CORRECTIONS EMPLOYEE EXPOSURE|
|241.331||CONDITIONS FOR APPLICABILITY OF PROCEDURES.|
|241.332||INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE GIVEN TO INDIVIDUALS.|
|241.333||DISCLOSURE OF POSITIVE BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGEN TEST RESULTS.|
|241.334||CONSENT PROCEDURES GENERALLY.|
|241.335||TESTING OF AVAILABLE BLOOD.|
|241.336||BLOOD SAMPLE COLLECTION FOR TESTING.|
|241.337||NO CARE OR TREATMENT WITHHELD.|
|241.338||USE OF TEST RESULTS.|
|241.339||TEST INFORMATION CONFIDENTIALITY.|
|241.34||[Repealed, 2014 c 218 s 10]|
|241.341||PROTOCOL FOR EXPOSURE TO BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS.|
|241.40||PERIODIC REVIEWS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE ASSESSMENT PROCESS.|
|241.41||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 2 art 5 s 18]|
|241.415||RELEASE PLANS; SUBSTANCE ABUSE.|
|241.416||SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAMS; RECORD KEEPING.|
|241.42||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|241.43||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 2 art 5 s 18]|
|241.44||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 2 art 5 s 18]|
|241.441||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 2 art 5 s 18]|
|241.45||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 2 art 5 s 18]|
|241.67||SEX OFFENDER TREATMENT; PROGRAMS; STANDARDS; DATA.|
|241.671||[Repealed, 1993 c 326 art 8 s 17]|
|241.69||MENTAL HEALTH UNIT; ESTABLISHMENT.|
|FEMALE OFFENDER PROGRAMS AND TASK FORCE|
|241.70||PROGRAMS FOR FEMALE OFFENDERS.|
|241.71||CREATION OF ADVISORY TASK FORCE.|
|241.73||DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER.|
|HEALTH CARE DECISIONS|
|241.75||INMATE HEALTH CARE DECISIONS.|
|AMERICAN INDIAN COUNSELING PROGRAM|
|241.80||AMERICAN INDIAN COUNSELING PROGRAM.|
|MENTORING GRANT FOR CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED|
|241.86||MENTORING GRANT FOR CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED PARENTS.|
|INCARCERATED PREGNANT WOMEN|
|241.88||RESTRAINING AN INCARCERATED PREGNANT WOMAN.|
|241.89||REQUIREMENTS FOR AN INCARCERATED WOMAN.|
|241.90||OFFICE OF OMBUDSPERSON; CREATION; QUALIFICATIONS; FUNCTION.|
|241.92||ORGANIZATION OF OFFICE OF OMBUDSPERSON.|
|241.93||POWERS OF OMBUDSPERSON; INVESTIGATIONS; ACTION ON COMPLAINTS; RECOMMENDATIONS.|
|241.94||ACCESS BY OMBUDSPERSON TO DATA.|
|241.95||PUBLICATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS; REPORTS.|
The Department of Corrections is created under the control and supervision of the commissioner of corrections which office is established. The commissioner of corrections shall be selected without regard to political affiliation and shall have wide and successful administrative experience in correctional programs embodying rehabilitative concepts. The commissioner shall be appointed by the governor under the provisions of section 15.06.
The commissioner of corrections may appoint and employ no more than two deputy commissioners. The commissioner may also appoint a personal secretary, who shall serve at the commissioner's pleasure in the unclassified civil service.
The commissioner of corrections has the following powers and duties:
(a) To accept persons committed to the commissioner by the courts of this state for care, custody, and rehabilitation.
(b) To determine the place of confinement of committed persons in a correctional facility or other facility of the Department of Corrections and to prescribe reasonable conditions and rules for their employment, conduct, instruction, and discipline within or outside the facility. Inmates shall not exercise custodial functions or have authority over other inmates.
(c) To administer the money and property of the department.
(d) To administer, maintain, and inspect all state correctional facilities.
(e) To transfer authorized positions and personnel between state correctional facilities as necessary to properly staff facilities and programs.
(f) To utilize state correctional facilities in the manner deemed to be most efficient and beneficial to accomplish the purposes of this section, but not to close the Minnesota Correctional Facility-Stillwater or the Minnesota Correctional Facility-St. Cloud without legislative approval. The commissioner may place juveniles and adults at the same state minimum security correctional facilities, if there is total separation of and no regular contact between juveniles and adults, except contact incidental to admission, classification, and mental and physical health care.
(g) To organize the department and employ personnel the commissioner deems necessary to discharge the functions of the department, including a chief executive officer for each facility under the commissioner's control who shall serve in the unclassified civil service and may, under the provisions of section 43A.33, be removed only for cause.
(h) To define the duties of these employees and to delegate to them any of the commissioner's powers, duties and responsibilities, subject to the commissioner's control and the conditions the commissioner prescribes.
(i) To annually develop a comprehensive set of goals and objectives designed to clearly establish the priorities of the Department of Corrections. This report shall be submitted to the governor commencing January 1, 1976. The commissioner may establish ad hoc advisory committees.
It is part of the department's mission that within the department's resources the commissioner shall endeavor to:
(1) prevent the waste or unnecessary spending of public money;
(2) use innovative fiscal and human resource practices to manage the state's resources and operate the department as efficiently as possible;
(3) coordinate the department's activities wherever appropriate with the activities of other governmental agencies;
(4) use technology where appropriate to increase agency productivity, improve service to the public, increase public access to information about government, and increase public participation in the business of government;
(5) utilize constructive and cooperative labor-management practices to the extent otherwise required by chapters 43A and 179A;
(6) report to the legislature on the performance of agency operations and the accomplishment of agency goals in the agency's biennial budget according to section 16A.10, subdivision 1; and
(7) recommend to the legislature appropriate changes in law necessary to carry out the mission and improve the performance of the department.
Before entering upon the duties of office, the commissioner of corrections shall take and subscribe an oath and give a bond to the state of Minnesota, to be approved by the governor and filed with the secretary of state, in the sum of $25,000, conditioned for the faithful performance of the commissioner's duties.
For the maintenance of adequate standards of operation in discharging the functions of the department, obtaining suitable candidates for positions for which there is a scarcity of qualified applicants, and the development of more effective treatment programs directed toward the correction and rehabilitation of persons found delinquent or guilty of crimes, and of more effective delinquency prevention the commissioner of corrections shall establish a training program including but not limited to in-service, preservice, internship and scholarship programs, and an operational research program. Within the limits of appropriations available, the commissioner may provide educational stipends or tuition reimbursement in such amounts and upon such terms and conditions as may be determined jointly by the commissioner of management and budget. Within the limits of appropriations therefor the commissioner shall establish and provide personnel, facilities and equipment for research and study to evaluate the effectiveness of correctional treatment in camps, facilities, probation and parole investigation and supervision and delinquency prevention.
The commissioner may provide training to public or private agencies or organizations and may require the participating agencies or organizations to pay all or part of the costs of the training. All sums of money received pursuant to the agreements shall not cancel until the end of the fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which the funds were received. The funds are available for use by the commissioner during that period and are appropriated annually to the commissioner of corrections for the purposes of this subdivision.
For the purposes of subdivision 5 and to discharge the functions of the department through the establishment of additional facilities and services to persons committed to the commissioner's care the commissioner may, subject to the provisions of section 15.43, accept and expend on behalf of the state, gifts, grants and subsidies from any lawful source; all moneys and securities so received shall be deposited in the state treasury subject to the order of the commissioner. From the fund to which such receipts are credited there is hereby appropriated annually to the commissioner of corrections such gifts, grants and subsidies as are received under the provisions of this subdivision.
To assist in the discharge of the functions of the Corrections Department the commissioner of corrections shall have authority to accept uncompensated and voluntary services and to enter into contracts or agreements with private or public agencies or persons for such uncompensated and voluntary services as the commissioner may deem practicable. Persons rendering voluntary uncompensated services as herein authorized may be reimbursed for travel expenses paid or incurred in the performance of such official duties as may be assigned them at the same rate per mile as state employees. It is the purpose of this subdivision to provide travel expenses only to those volunteers who would otherwise be unable to afford to perform volunteer services.
The commissioner of corrections may authorize and permit public or private social service, educational, or rehabilitation agencies or organizations, and their clients; or lawyers, insurance companies, or others; to use the facilities, staff, and other resources of correctional facilities under the commissioner's control and may require the participating agencies or organizations to pay all or part of the costs thereof. All sums of money received pursuant to the agreements herein authorized shall not cancel until the end of the fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which the funds were received. The funds are available for use by the commissioner during that period, and are hereby appropriated annually to the commissioner of corrections for the purposes of this subdivision.
The commissioner may provide meals for staff and visitors for efficiency of operation and may require the participants to pay all or part of the costs of the meals. All sums of money received under this provision are appropriated to the commissioner and shall not cancel until the end of the fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year in which the funds were received.
Money collected as rent under section 16B.24, subdivision 5, for state property at any of the correctional facilities administered by the commissioner of corrections is appropriated to the commissioner and is dedicated to the correctional facility from which it is generated. Any balance remaining at the end of the fiscal year shall not cancel and is available until expended.
In accordance with section 241.021, subdivision 4, the commissioner may contract with a separate entity to purchase prescription drugs for persons confined in institutions under the control of the commissioner. Local governments may participate in this purchasing pool in order to purchase prescription drugs for those persons confined in local correctional facilities in which the local government has responsibility for providing health care. If any county participates, the commissioner shall appoint a county representative to any committee convened by the commissioner for the purpose of establishing a drug formulary to be used for state and local correctional facilities.
1959 c 263 s 1; 1961 c 465 s 1; 1963 c 492 s 1; 1965 c 45 s 11,12; 1969 c 283 s 1,2; 1969 c 496 s 1; 1969 c 1129 art 8 s 5; 1971 c 657 s 1; 1973 c 82 s 1; 1973 c 94 s 1,2; 1973 c 500 s 1; 1973 c 507 s 45; 1973 c 654 s 15; 1975 c 304 s 1,2; 1975 c 434 s 26; 1976 c 63 s 1; 1977 c 305 s 28,29; 1979 c 102 s 13; 1980 c 617 s 47; 1982 c 527 s 1; 1983 c 264 s 1; 1Sp1985 c 9 art 2 s 25; 1986 c 444; 1991 c 238 art 1 s 11; 1993 c 146 art 2 s 12; 1995 c 248 art 11 s 17; 1997 c 7 art 2 s 30; 1997 c 239 art 9 s 7,8; 1998 c 366 s 63; 1998 c 367 art 9 s 2,3; 1999 c 126 s 3; 1Sp2005 c 4 art 5 s 3; 2008 c 204 s 42; 2009 c 101 art 2 s 109; 2014 c 218 s 1
(a) The Department of Corrections shall submit a performance report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house of representatives committees and divisions having jurisdiction over criminal justice funding by January 15 of each odd-numbered year. The issuance and content of the report must include the following:
(1) department strategic mission, goals, and objectives;
(2) the department-wide per diem, adult facility-specific per diems, and an average per diem, reported in a standard calculated method as outlined in the departmental policies and procedures;
(3) department annual statistics as outlined in the departmental policies and procedures; and
(4) information about prison-based mental health programs, including, but not limited to, the availability of these programs, participation rates, and completion rates.
(b) The department shall maintain recidivism rates for adult facilities on an annual basis. In addition, each year the department shall, on an alternating basis, complete a recidivism analysis of adult facilities, juvenile services, and the community services divisions and include a three-year recidivism analysis in the report described in paragraph (a). The recidivism analysis must: (1) assess education programs, vocational programs, treatment programs, including mental health programs, industry, and employment; and (2) assess statewide re-entry policies and funding, including postrelease treatment, education, training, and supervision. In addition, when reporting recidivism for the department's adult and juvenile facilities, the department shall report on the extent to which offenders it has assessed as chemically dependent commit new offenses, with separate recidivism rates reported for persons completing and not completing the department's treatment programs.
(a) The commissioner of corrections shall develop a uniform method to calculate the average department-wide per diem cost of incarcerating offenders at state adult correctional facilities. In addition to other costs currently factored into the per diem, it must include an appropriate percentage of capitol costs for all adult correctional facilities and 65 percent of the department's management services budget.
(b) The commissioner also shall use this method of calculating per diem costs for offenders in each state adult correctional facility. When calculating the per diem cost of incarcerating offenders at a particular facility, the commissioner shall include an appropriate percentage of capital costs for the facility and an appropriate prorated amount, given the facility's population, of 65 percent of the department's management services budget.
(c) The commissioner shall ensure that these new per diem methods are used in all future annual performance reports to the legislature and are also reflected in the department's biennial budget document.
(a) The commissioner of corrections shall develop a uniform method to calculate the average per diem cost of incarcerating offenders in county and regional jail facilities licensed by the commissioner under section 241.021, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).
(b) Each county and regional jail in the state must annually provide the commissioner with a per diem calculation based on the formula the commissioner promulgates pursuant to paragraph (a).
(c) The commissioner shall include the county and regional jail per diem data collected under paragraph (b) in the Department of Correction's annual performance report to the legislature mandated by section 241.016.
All the powers and duties now vested in or imposed upon the commissioner of human services relating to the administration, management, and operation of the state prison, the state reformatory for men, and the Minnesota Correctional Institution for Women are hereby transferred to, vested in, and imposed upon the commissioner of corrections. All the powers and duties now vested in the commissioner of human services in relation to such institutions are hereby abolished.
All the powers and duties now vested in, or imposed upon the commissioner of human services relating to prisons, jails, and lockups, as contained in sections 256.02, 641.21, 641.22, 641.25, 641.26, 642.01, 642.02, 642.09, 642.10, and 642.11 are hereby transferred to, vested in, and imposed upon the commissioner of corrections. All the powers and duties now vested in the commissioner of human services in relation to such prisons, jails, and lockups, are hereby abolished.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), the commissioner of corrections shall inspect and license all correctional facilities throughout the state, whether public or private, established and operated for the detention and confinement of persons detained or confined therein according to law except to the extent that they are inspected or licensed by other state regulating agencies. The commissioner shall promulgate pursuant to chapter 14, rules establishing minimum standards for these facilities with respect to their management, operation, physical condition, and the security, safety, health, treatment, and discipline of persons detained or confined therein. Commencing September 1, 1980, no individual, corporation, partnership, voluntary association, or other private organization legally responsible for the operation of a correctional facility may operate the facility unless licensed by the commissioner of corrections. Private adult correctional facilities shall have the authority of section 624.714, subdivision 13, if the Department of Corrections licenses the facility with such authority and the facility meets requirements of section 243.52. The commissioner shall review the correctional facilities described in this subdivision at least once every biennium, except as otherwise provided herein, to determine compliance with the minimum standards established pursuant to this subdivision. The commissioner shall grant a license to any facility found to conform to minimum standards or to any facility which, in the commissioner's judgment, is making satisfactory progress toward substantial conformity and the interests and well-being of the persons detained or confined therein are protected. The commissioner may grant licensure up to two years. The commissioner shall have access to the buildings, grounds, books, records, staff, and to persons detained or confined in these facilities. The commissioner may require the officers in charge of these facilities to furnish all information and statistics the commissioner deems necessary, at a time and place designated by the commissioner. The commissioner may require that any or all such information be provided through the Department of Corrections detention information system. The education program offered in a correctional facility for the detention or confinement of juvenile offenders must be approved by the commissioner of education before the commissioner of corrections may grant a license to the facility.
(b) For juvenile facilities licensed by the commissioner of human services, the commissioner may inspect and certify programs based on certification standards set forth in Minnesota Rules. For the purpose of this paragraph, "certification" has the meaning given it in section 245A.02.
(c) Any state agency which regulates, inspects, or licenses certain aspects of correctional facilities shall, insofar as is possible, ensure that the minimum standards it requires are substantially the same as those required by other state agencies which regulate, inspect, or license the same aspects of similar types of correctional facilities, although at different correctional facilities.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the commissioner of corrections' authority to promulgate rules establishing standards of eligibility for counties to receive funds under sections 401.01 to 401.16, or to require counties to comply with operating standards the commissioner establishes as a condition precedent for counties to receive that funding.
(e) When the commissioner finds that any facility described in paragraph (a), except foster care facilities for delinquent children and youth as provided in subdivision 2, does not substantially conform to the minimum standards established by the commissioner and is not making satisfactory progress toward substantial conformance, the commissioner shall promptly notify the chief executive officer and the governing board of the facility of the deficiencies and order that they be remedied within a reasonable period of time. The commissioner may by written order restrict the use of any facility which does not substantially conform to minimum standards to prohibit the detention of any person therein for more than 72 hours at one time. When, after due notice and hearing, the commissioner finds that any facility described in this subdivision, except county jails and lockups as provided in sections 641.26, 642.10, and 642.11, does not conform to minimum standards, or is not making satisfactory progress toward substantial compliance therewith, the commissioner may issue an order revoking the license of that facility. After revocation of its license, that facility shall not be used until its license is renewed. When the commissioner is satisfied that satisfactory progress towards substantial compliance with minimum standard is being made, the commissioner may, at the request of the appropriate officials of the affected facility supported by a written schedule for compliance, grant an extension of time for a period not to exceed one year.
(f) As used in this subdivision, "correctional facility" means any facility, including a group home, having a residential component, the primary purpose of which is to serve persons placed therein by a court, court services department, parole authority, or other correctional agency having dispositional power over persons charged with, convicted, or adjudicated to be guilty or delinquent.
Notwithstanding any provisions in sections 256.01, subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (2), 245A.03, and 245A.04, and chapter 245C, to the contrary, but subject to the municipality notification requirements of subdivision 2a, the commissioner of corrections shall review all county, municipal or other publicly established and operated facilities for the detention, care and training of delinquent children and youth at least once every biennium, and if such facility conforms to reasonable standards established by the commissioner or in the commissioner's judgment is making satisfactory progress toward substantial conformity therewith, and the commissioner is satisfied that the interests and well-being of children and youth received therein are protected, the commissioner shall grant a license to the county, municipality or agency thereof operating such facility. The commissioner may grant licensure up to two years. Each such facility shall cooperate with the commissioner to make available all facts regarding its operation and services as the commissioner requires to determine its conformance to standards and its competence to give the services needed and which it purports to give. Every such facility as herein described is subject to visitation and supervision by the commissioner and shall receive from the commissioner consultation as needed to strengthen services to the children and youth received therein.
The commissioner must not issue a license without giving 30 calendar days' written notice to any affected municipality or other political subdivision unless the facility has a licensed capacity of six or fewer persons and is occupied by either the licensee or the group foster home parents. The notification must be given before the first issuance of a license and annually after that time if annual notification is requested in writing by any affected municipality or other political subdivision. State funds must not be made available to or be spent by an agency or department of state, county, or municipal government for payment to a foster care facility licensed under subdivision 2 until the provisions of this subdivision have been complied with in full.
The commissioner may not:
(1) issue a license under this section to operate a correctional facility for the detention or confinement of juvenile offenders if the facility accepts juveniles who reside outside of Minnesota without an agreement with the entity placing the juvenile at the facility that obligates the entity to pay the educational expenses of the juvenile; or
(2) renew a license under this section to operate a correctional facility for the detention or confinement of juvenile offenders if the facility accepts juveniles who reside outside of Minnesota without an agreement with the entity placing the juvenile at the facility that obligates the entity to pay the educational expenses of the juvenile.
When after due notice and hearing the commissioner of corrections determines that any facility described in subdivision 2 does not substantially conform to the reasonable standards therein provided or is not making satisfactory progress toward substantial compliance therewith, the commissioner may, with the consent of the judge of the district court, issue an order revoking the license of that facility. After revocation of its license, that facility shall not be used for the care and training of delinquent children, or for their detention until its license is renewed.
The commissioner of corrections shall provide professional health care to persons confined in institutions under the control of the commissioner of corrections and pay the costs of their care in hospitals and other medical facilities not under the control of the commissioner of corrections. All reimbursements for these health care services shall be deposited in the general fund. The commissioner of corrections is authorized to contract with or reimburse entities, including health care management companies, to provide health care to inmates, at reimbursement rates equal to medical assistance unless otherwise negotiated. With respect to these contracts, these entities shall not be regulated as, or otherwise considered to be, health plan companies as defined in section 62Q.01, subdivision 4.
All residential chemical dependency treatment programs operated by the commissioner of corrections to treat adults committed to the commissioner's custody shall comply with the standards mandated in chapter 245G for treatment programs operated by community-based treatment facilities. When the commissioners of corrections and human services agree that these established standards for community-based programs cannot reasonably apply to correctional facilities, alternative equivalent standards shall be developed by the commissioners and established through an interagency agreement.
The commissioner of corrections shall establish a health care peer review committee. Sections 145.61 to 145.67 apply to the committee. The committee shall gather, review, and evaluate information relating to the on-site and off-site quality of care and treatment of offenders. The committee shall consist of:
(1) the director of health services;
(2) the department medical director;
(3) the regional medical director of the contracted health care vendor;
(4) the department director of nursing;
(5) a physician from the contracting hospital provider; and
(6) another physician who provides health care to offenders on site at a correctional facility.
The peer review committee under subdivision 4b does not expire.
(a) The commissioner of corrections is authorized to do background studies on personnel employed by any facility serving children or youth that is licensed under this section. The commissioner of corrections shall contract with the commissioner of human services to conduct background studies of individuals providing services in secure and nonsecure residential facilities and detention facilities who have direct contact, as defined under section 245C.02, subdivision 11, with persons served in the facilities. A disqualification of an individual in this section shall disqualify the individual as provided in chapter 245C.
(b) A clerk or administrator of any court, the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, a prosecuting attorney, a county sheriff, or a chief of a local police department, shall assist in these studies by providing to the commissioner of human services, or the commissioner's representative, all criminal conviction data available from local, state, and national criminal history record repositories, including the criminal justice data communications network, pertaining to the following individuals: applicants, operators, all persons living in the household, and all staff of any facility subject to background studies under this subdivision.
(c) The Department of Human Services shall conduct the background studies required by paragraph (a) in compliance with the provisions of chapter 245C. For the purpose of this subdivision, the term "secure and nonsecure residential facility and detention facility" shall include programs licensed or certified under subdivision 2. The Department of Human Services shall provide necessary forms and instructions, shall conduct the necessary background studies of individuals, and shall provide notification of the results of the studies to the facilities, individuals, and the commissioner of corrections. Individuals shall be disqualified under the provisions of chapter 245C.
If an individual is disqualified, the Department of Human Services shall notify the facility and the individual and shall inform the individual of the right to request a reconsideration of the disqualification by submitting the request to the Department of Corrections.
(d) The commissioner of corrections shall review and decide reconsideration requests, including the granting of variances, in accordance with the procedures and criteria contained in chapter 245C. The commissioner's decision shall be provided to the individual and to the Department of Human Services. The commissioner's decision to grant or deny a reconsideration of disqualification is the final administrative agency action.
(e) Facilities described in paragraph (a) shall be responsible for cooperating with the departments in implementing the provisions of this subdivision. The responsibilities imposed on applicants and licensees under chapters 245A and 245C shall apply to these facilities.
1961 c 750 s 27 subd 2; 1969 c 493 s 1; 1976 c 299 s 1,2; 1978 c 778 s 1; 1980 c 417 s 1; 1980 c 580 s 1; 1980 c 618 s 18; 1981 c 360 art 1 s 16; 1Sp1981 c 4 art 1 s 99; 1982 c 424 s 130; 1985 c 262 s 1; 1986 c 444; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 1 s 82; 1987 c 252 s 1; 1987 c 333 s 22; 1992 c 571 art 11 s 1; 1993 c 266 s 29; 1994 c 636 art 6 s 1,2; 1995 c 12 s 1,2; 1998 c 367 art 10 s 1; 1999 c 241 art 2 s 52; 2000 c 299 s 1; 2001 c 197 s 2; 2001 c 210 s 4-8; 2002 c 374 art 10 s 2; 2003 c 15 art 1 s 33; 2003 c 130 s 12; 2004 c 288 art 2 s 1; 2007 c 133 art 2 s 13; 2008 c 252 s 2-4; 2014 c 286 art 8 s 29; 2015 c 78 art 4 s 61; 2016 c 158 art 1 s 82; 2018 c 182 art 2 s 5
Notwithstanding section 16C.05, subdivision 2, the commissioner may enter into contracts, up to five years in duration, with a county or group of counties to house inmates committed to the custody of the commissioner in newly constructed county or regional jail facilities that provide inmates access to chemical dependency treatment programs licensed by the Department of Human Services. A contract entered into under this section may contain an option to renew the contract for a term of up to five years.
All references in the Minnesota Statutes to the state training school, the Minnesota Home School, the state prison, the state reformatory, and the Minnesota Correctional Institution for Women shall, after August 1, 1979, be deemed to refer to a Minnesota correctional facility designated by its geographical location.
Any state correctional facility now or hereafter established shall be designated as a Minnesota correctional facility according to the geographical area in which located.
The commissioner of corrections may appoint peace officers, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), who shall serve in the classified service subject to the provisions of section 43A.01, subdivision 2, and establish a law enforcement agency, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (f), known as the Department of Corrections Fugitive Apprehension Unit, to perform the duties necessary to make statewide arrests under sections 629.30 and 629.34. The jurisdiction of the law enforcement agency is limited to the arrest of Department of Corrections' discretionary and statutory released violators and Department of Corrections' escapees.
The initial processing of a person arrested by the fugitive apprehension unit for an offense within the agency's jurisdiction is the responsibility of the fugitive apprehension unit unless otherwise directed by the law enforcement agency with primary jurisdiction. A subsequent investigation is the responsibility of the law enforcement agency of the jurisdiction in which a new crime is committed.
The fugitive apprehension unit must develop and file all policies required under state law for law enforcement agencies. The fugitive apprehension unit also must develop a policy for contacting law enforcement agencies in a city or county before initiating any fugitive surveillance, investigation, or apprehension within the city or county. These policies must be filed with the board of peace officers standards and training by November 1, 2000. Revisions of any of these policies must be filed with the board within ten days of the effective date of the revision. The Department of Corrections shall train all of its peace officers regarding the application of these policies.
The commissioner of corrections shall appoint a full-time peace officer, who shall serve in the classified service subject to the provisions of section 43A.01, subdivision 2, to be the chief law enforcement officer and to be responsible for the management of the fugitive apprehension unit. The chief law enforcement officer shall possess the necessary police and management experience to manage a law enforcement agency. The chief law enforcement officer will have supervisory responsibility for all fugitive apprehension unit members as defined in section 179A.03, subdivision 17. Supervisory personnel must be available any time fugitive apprehension unit members are on duty. The chief law enforcement officer may not hire part-time peace officers as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (d).
(a) The commissioner of corrections shall ensure that all emergency vehicles used by the fugitive apprehension unit are equipped with radios capable of receiving and transmitting on the same frequencies used by the law enforcement agencies that have primary jurisdiction.
(b) When the fugitive apprehension unit receives an emergency call, it shall notify the public safety agency with primary jurisdiction and coordinate the appropriate response.
(c) Fugitive apprehension unit officers shall notify the primary jurisdiction of their response to the emergency.
Except as otherwise provided in this section, the fugitive apprehension unit shall comply with all other statutes to include all deadly force training requirements as defined in section 626.8452 and all administrative rules relating to the operation and management of a law enforcement agency.
(a) For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this subdivision have the meanings given them.
(b) "Correctional officer" and "officer" mean a person employed by the state, a state correctional facility, or a local correctional or detention facility in a security capacity.
(c) "Formal statement" means the questioning of an officer in the course of obtaining a recorded, stenographic, or signed statement to be used as evidence in a disciplinary proceeding against the officer.
The procedures and provisions of this section apply to state and local correctional authorities.
The formal statement of an officer must be taken according to subdivision 4.
The formal statement must be taken at a facility of the employing or investigating agency or at a place agreed to by the investigating individual and the investigated officer.
Before an officer's formal statement is taken, the officer shall be advised in writing or on the record that admissions made in the course of the formal statement may be used as evidence of misconduct or as a basis for discipline.
No employer may require an officer to produce or disclose the officer's personal financial records except pursuant to a valid search warrant or subpoena.
No state or local correctional facility or governmental unit may publicly release photographs of an officer without the written permission of the officer, except that the facility or unit may display a photograph of an officer to a prospective witness as part of an agency or unit investigation.
No disciplinary letter or reprimand may be included in an officer's personnel record unless the officer has been given a copy of the letter or reprimand.
No officer may be discharged, disciplined, or threatened with discharge or discipline as retaliation for or solely by reason of the officer's exercise of the rights provided by this section.
The rights of officers provided by this section are in addition to and do not diminish the rights and privileges of officers that are provided under an applicable collective bargaining agreement or any other applicable law.
The commissioner of corrections shall allow inmates of all prisons and reformatories under the commissioner's control to participate in religious activities, during which members of the clergy of good standing in any church or denomination may freely administer and impart religious rites and instruction to those desiring them. No officer or employee of the institution shall attempt to influence the religious belief of any inmate, and no inmate shall be required to attend religious services against the inmate's will.
The commissioner of corrections shall keep in the commissioner's office, accessible only by the commissioner's consent or on the order of a judge or court of record, a record showing the residence, sex, age, nativity, occupation, civil condition, and date of entrance or commitment of every person, inmate, or convict in the facilities under the commissioner's exclusive control, the date of discharge and whether such discharge was final, the condition of such person when the person left the facility, and the date and cause of all deaths. The records shall state every transfer from one facility to another, naming each. This information shall be furnished to the commissioner of corrections by each facility, with such other obtainable facts as the commissioner may from time to time require. The chief executive officer of each such facility, within ten days after the commitment or entrance thereto of a person, inmate, or convict, shall cause a true copy of the entrance record to be forwarded to the commissioner of corrections. When a person, inmate, or convict leaves, is discharged or transferred, or dies in any facility, the chief executive officer, or other person in charge shall inform the commissioner of corrections within ten days thereafter on forms furnished by the commissioner.
The commissioner of corrections may authorize the chief executive officer of any facility under the commissioner's control to release to probation officers, local social services agencies or other specifically designated interested persons or agencies any information regarding any person, inmate, or convict thereat, if, in the opinion of the commissioner, it will be for the benefit of the person, inmate, or convict.
When an offender who is required to register as a predatory offender under section 243.166 is being released from prison, the commissioner shall provide to the corrections agency that will supervise the offender, the offender's prison records relating to psychological assessments, medical and mental health issues, and treatment.
When an offender is being released from prison, the commissioner shall provide to the corrections agency that will supervise the offender prison records relating to that offender's prison-based substance abuse assessments, treatment, and any other substance abuse-related services provided to the offender. If the offender did not participate in the prison-based substance abuse program to which the offender was directed, the commissioner shall provide the supervising agency with an explanation of the reasons.
As used in this section, "conditional release" means probation, conditional release, and supervised release.
(a) The Department of Corrections shall administer and maintain a computerized data system for the purpose of assisting criminal justice agencies in conducting official duties and in monitoring and enforcing the conditions of conditional release imposed on criminal offenders by a sentencing court or the commissioner of corrections.
(b) The adult data and juvenile data, as defined in section 260B.171, in the statewide supervision system are private data on individuals, as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 12. Subject to paragraph (c), the data are accessible to:
(1) criminal justice agencies as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 3a;
(2) the Minnesota sex offender program as provided in section 246B.04, subdivision 3;
(3) public defenders as provided in section 611.272;
(4) all trial courts and appellate courts; and
(5) criminal justice agencies in other states.
(c) Case planning data in the statewide supervision system are private data on individuals, as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 12. Case planning data are accessible to state prison facility staff, correction staff in community corrections act counties and county probation counties, and Department of Corrections field services staff for purposes of monitoring and enforcing conditions of conditional release. A finalized case plan may be provided to community service providers for the purposes described under paragraph (a).
(d) Adult data in the statewide supervision system are accessible to the secretary of state for the purposes described in section 201.145.
Only criminal justice agencies may submit data to the statewide supervision system and only persons who are authorized users under subdivision 2 may obtain data from the system. The commissioner of corrections may require that any or all information be submitted to the statewide supervision system. A consent to the release of data in the statewide supervision system from the individual who is the subject of the data is not effective.
(a) The Department of Corrections shall adopt procedures to provide for the orderly collection, entry, retrieval, and deletion of data contained in the statewide supervision system.
(b) The Department of Corrections shall establish and implement audit requirements to ensure that authorized users comply with applicable data practices laws governing access to and use of the data.
The commissioner of corrections may transfer an inmate of any state correctional facility to a state institution under the control of the commissioner of human services or to a private medical facility for diagnosis, treatment, or care which is not available at any state correctional facility and shall cause a proper record to be made at the institutions or facility to which a transfer has been made and at the commissioner's office. No transfer shall be made by the commissioner of corrections without the approval of the commissioner of human services or the chief executive officer of the private facility. An inmate of any state correctional facility so transferred shall be returned to the correctional facility from which transferred by order of the commissioner of corrections upon conclusion of treatment, or, if the inmate becomes eligible for release from custody pursuant to the terms of the sentence prior to conclusion of treatment, the inmate shall be released unless, before conclusion of treatment, the inmate has been committed to a medical institution by competent authority as provided by law. The superintendent of any state institution or the chief executive officer of any private facility shall at once notify the commissioner of corrections if there is any question as to the propriety of the commitment or detention of any inmate admitted to their institution or facility and the commissioner shall immediately take action on the question.
The chief executive officer of each institution under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections shall have the care and custody of all money belonging to inmates thereof which may come into the chief executive officer's hands, keep accurate accounts thereof, and pay them out under rules prescribed by law under section 243.23, subdivision 3, or by the commissioner of corrections, taking vouchers therefor. All such money received by any officer or employee shall be paid to the chief executive officer forthwith. Every such executive officer, at the close of each month, or oftener if required by the commissioner, shall forward to the commissioner a statement of the amount of all money so received and the names of the inmates from whom received, accompanied by a check for the amount, payable to the commissioner of management and budget. On receipt of such statement, the commissioner shall transmit the same to the commissioner of management and budget, together with such check. Upon the payment of such check, the amount shall be credited to a fund to be known as "Correctional Inmates Fund," for the institution from which the same was received. All such funds shall be paid out by the commissioner of management and budget upon vouchers duly approved by the commissioner of corrections as in other cases. The commissioner may permit a contingent fund to remain in the hands of the executive officer of any such institution from which necessary expenditure may from time to time be made.
Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision 1 or other law to the contrary, the commissioner of corrections may permit the inmates of the institutions under the commissioner's control to deposit money in a bank or other financial institution. The commissioner shall establish rules governing the deposits and shall require each inmate to maintain at the institution in which confined an amount adequate for the inmate's needs during the period of confinement and to assist the inmate upon release therefrom on parole or by discharge.
When the chief executive officer of any state correctional facility under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections obtains money belonging to inmates of the facility who have died, been released or escaped, and the chief executive officer knows no claimant or person entitled to it, the chief executive officer shall, if the money is unclaimed within six months, deposit it in the inmate social welfare fund for the benefit of the inmates of the facility. No money shall be so deposited until it has remained unclaimed for at least six months. If, at any time after the expiration of the six months, the inmate or the legal heirs appear and make proper proof of identity or heirship, the inmate or heirs are entitled to receive from the commissioner of management and budget any money belonging to the inmate and deposited in the inmate social welfare fund pursuant to this subdivision.
When any inmate of a state correctional facility under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections has died, been released or escaped therefrom leaving in the custody of the chief executive officer thereof personal property, other than money, which remains unclaimed for a period of 90 days, and the chief executive officer knows no person entitled to it, the chief executive officer or the chief executive officer's agent may sell or otherwise dispose of the property in the manner provided by law for the sale or disposition of state property. The proceeds of any sale, after deduction of the costs shall be deposited in the inmate social welfare fund for expenditure as provided in subdivision 1. Any inmate whose property has been sold under this subdivision, or heirs of the inmate, may file with, and make proof of ownership to, the chief executive officer of the institution who caused the sale of the property within two years after the sale, and, upon satisfactory proof to the chief executive officer, the chief executive officer shall certify to the commissioner of management and budget the amount received by the sale of such property for payment to the inmate or heirs. No suit shall be brought for damages consequent to the disposal of personal property or use of money in accordance with this section against the state or any official, employee, or agent thereof.
Every officer and employee of the several institutions under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections shall pay to the accounting officer thereof any funds in the officer's or employee's hands belonging to the institution. Every accounting officer, at the close of each month or oftener, shall forward to the commissioner of corrections a statement of the amount and sources of all money received. On receipt of the statement, the commissioner shall transmit the same to the commissioner of management and budget, who shall deliver a draft upon the accounting officer for the same, specifying the funds to which it is to be credited. Upon payment of such draft, the amount shall be so credited.
Money received by the commissioner of corrections from the Social Security Administration as a result of the incentive payment agreement under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, Public Law 104-193, section 1611(e)(1), and Public Law 106-170, section 202(x)(3), is appropriated to the commissioner of corrections for discharge planning for inmates with mental illness.
The commissioner of corrections shall provide at each institution adequate and ready means of protection against fire, construct proper means of escape for inmates, and establish and enforce rigid rules by which danger from fire may be minimized.
The commissioner of corrections may permit a contingent account to remain in the hands of the accounting officer of any such institution from which expenditures may be made in case of actual emergency requiring immediate payment to prevent loss or danger to the institution or its inmates and for the purpose of paying freight, purchasing produce, livestock and other commodities requiring a cash settlement, and for the purpose of discounting bills incurred, but in all cases subject to revision by the commissioner of corrections. An itemized statement of every expenditure made during the month from such account shall be submitted to the commissioner under rules established by the commissioner. If necessary, the commissioner shall make proper requisition upon the commissioner of management and budget for a payment to secure the contingent account for each institution.
The commissioner of corrections shall collect a damage deposit from all staff who reside in housing on the grounds of the Thistledew Corrections Camp at Togo, Minnesota and deposit the moneys in a savings account in a bank at interest. Withdrawals therefrom may be made to defray the cost of any damage to the residence caused by the tenant or to return the deposit to the tenant with accrued interest if the residence is vacated without damage. The commissioner shall keep accurate records in the name of each tenant so that the interest may be credited to the proper account.
No new employee shall begin employment in any correctional facility under the direction of the Department of Corrections, whether certified for employment by the Department of Management and Budget, or otherwise selected, unless the person presents to the appointing officer of the correctional facility a certificate from a duly licensed physician showing that the employee has undergone a physical examination and has been found to be free of tuberculosis.
The commissioner of corrections may establish, maintain, or continue in existence, a cemetery for the burial of any patient, inmate or person admitted to any state facility under the commissioner's control upon the public grounds of such facility in the manner set forth in the following subdivisions.
The land shall be surveyed and a plat thereof made.
A stone or other monument shall be established to mark each corner of such cemetery, and its location shown on the plat.
The cemetery shall be platted into lots, which shall be numbered; it shall have streets and walks, and the same shall be shown on the plat. All containing graves shall be indicated by an appropriate marker of permanent nature for identification purposes.
The surveyor shall certify as to the correctness of the plat by an endorsement thereon.
The plat with the surveyor's endorsement thereon shall be filed for record with the county recorder in the county wherein the cemetery is located. A copy of the plat shall be kept in the office of the chief executive officer of the facility, together with a register showing the name of the persons buried in the cemetery and the lot in which they are buried.
The commissioner of corrections may remove the body of any person now buried in a cemetery situated upon the land belonging to the state for public institution purposes and rebury it in a cemetery created under the provisions of section 241.16 by complying with the provisions set forth in the following subdivisions of this section.
The commissioner shall petition the district court of the county wherein the present cemetery is situated setting forth the reasons for such removal, the place to which the body is to be removed, and praying for an order of the court authorizing such removal. Upon the presentation of such petition, the court shall make its order setting the time, which shall not be less than 60 days from the date of the order, and the place for hearing the same. The commissioner shall serve the nearest relative or, if the commissioner cannot locate any relative, some friend of the person whose body is to be removed by mailing to the friend or relative a copy of the petition and court's order 30 days before the date of hearing and file the commissioner's affidavit of mailing with the court administrator of district court. If the commissioner is unable to locate a relative or friend, the commissioner shall make an affidavit to that effect and file the same with the court administrator of district court.
Upon the hearing of such petition, if the court determines that it is for the best interests of the public, the relatives and friends that such body be removed and that the same will be conducted in a manner commensurate with the methods commonly employed for the reburial of the dead in the community, the court shall make its order authorizing such removal, setting forth the time within which such removal shall be accomplished and the place to which the body is to be removed. Upon completion of such removal, the director shall cause the name of the person so removed to be entered in the register, together with the number of the lot in the cemetery and file an affidavit thereof with the court administrator of district court.
If the court makes its order under the provisions of section 241.17 authorizing the removal of bodies from a cemetery and the same is accomplished in accordance with such order and the commissioner files affidavits of such removal as hereinbefore provided, together with the commissioner's affidavit that the commissioner has caused a thorough search to be made, and there are no more dead bodies remaining in such cemetery to the best of the commissioner's knowledge, information and belief, the court may make its order authorizing the abandonment of such cemetery and thereby discontinue its use as such.
1961 c 750 s 25; 1986 c 444
Whenever the commissioner of corrections deems it conducive to the rehabilitation of inmates of correctional institutions under the commissioner's control the commissioner may use selected inmates in the general improvement, maintenance, conservation, reforestation, soil erosion control, soil rehabilitation, and cultivation of any land within the control of the commissioner and, pursuant to agreement with the head of any other state department or agency, of lands under control of such department or agency.
To carry out the purposes of section 241.20, the commissioner of corrections may make inmates available to the head of any state department or agency for work upon any land which is within the jurisdiction or control of such department or agency, and the commissioner of corrections and the head of any state department or agency having land under its jurisdiction or control may enter into written agreements upon such terms as may be necessary to provide for the use and the orderly supervision of such inmates.
For the purposes of sections 241.20 to 241.23, the commissioner of corrections may lawfully expend money from the current expense appropriations, revolving funds, and building appropriations of any state correctional facility under the commissioner's control, including the contingent fund appropriated to the commissioner of corrections.
When inmates are to be used in any work authorized by sections 241.20 to 241.23, they shall be selected, with the approval of the commissioner of corrections, by the chief executive officer of any state adult correctional facility, in the following manner and order of preference:
(1) suitable inmates of state adult minimum security facilities;
(2) inmates who are not habitual offenders or guilty of heinous crimes and who, in the opinion of the chief executive officers of the facilities, are not incorrigible and who are physically capable and otherwise suitable for the character of the work provided for in sections 241.20 to 241.23.
The commissioner shall establish a gardening program for inmates at each correctional facility where space and security allows for operation of a garden. The garden shall be primarily tended by inmates. The commissioner shall strive to raise produce that can be used to feed inmates in state correctional facilities. The commissioner shall donate any portion of the harvest that cannot be used to feed inmates to food shelves and charities located near the correctional facility where the produce was grown.
Any inmate of a state correctional facility shall be permitted to speak in person or by phone at the inmate's own expense to any representative of the public news media, as defined in subdivision 4, on a daily basis between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. except in emergency situations as defined in subdivision 5; provided that it does not interfere with the inmate's regularly assigned duties. The right to speak in person with a representative of the news media shall not constitute a regular facility visit.
Correctional authorities may limit the exercise of privileges conferred by this section by any individual inmate to one telephone call or interview per week.
Any inmate or group of inmates of a state correctional facility shall be permitted to correspond by mail with any public news media or representatives thereof, as defined in subdivision 4, on a regular basis.
Subject to the provisions of section 243.55 and the duty of the chief executive officer to take reasonable precautions to prevent the introduction of contraband into a correctional facility, representatives of the public news media shall, upon their own request, be permitted to interview any consenting inmate or representatives of a consenting group of inmates of the state at the times and under the circumstances described in subdivision 1. Any representative of the public news media who is denied access to a correctional facility must be given the reasons therefor in writing, and the representative may appeal such denial to the commissioner of corrections.
A "representative of the public news media" means a person employed by and authorized to represent any television station licensed by the Federal Communications Commission, any radio station licensed by the Federal Communications Commission, national wire service, or any newspaper or periodical having a monthly statewide circulation of at least 1,000 copies.
An emergency shall be defined as a situation in which, in the best judgment of the correctional authorities, there is an imminent threat to life, security or property.
When consistent with the public interest and the public safety, the commissioner of corrections may conditionally release an inmate who is eligible and being considered for release under section 243.05, to work at paid employment, seek employment, or participate in a vocational training or educational program. Release under this subdivision is an extension of the limits of confinement and each inmate so released shall be confined in the correctional facility from which released or in some other suitable place of confinement designated by the commissioner of corrections during the hours the inmate is not employed, seeking employment, or engaged in a vocational training or educational program, or, if employed, seeking employment, or engaged in a vocational training or educational program, between the hours of such activity. A reasonable allowance for travel time and meals shall be permitted.
The commissioner of corrections shall designate state correctional institutions for participation in the program authorized in subdivision 1 and shall adapt facilities of such institutions to provide housing and supervision of inmates participating in such program. The commissioner of corrections may also enter into contractual agreements with appropriate city and county authorities for the confinement of and provision of other correctional services to such inmates whose employment, educational or vocational training programs so require, and such city and county authorities are hereby authorized to make and enter such contracts and agreements. When the commissioner determines that the circumstances of a participant in the program authorized by subdivision 1 do not require the security of a public detention facility, the commissioner may contract with public and private agencies for the custody and separate care of such participant or house the participant in a community correction center or under house arrest and monitored by electronic surveillance in an approved residence.
The commissioner of corrections shall establish rules for placement and supervision of such inmates and for administration of programs authorized by this section. When consistent with the public interest the commissioner may grant furloughs to those inmates participating in the programs authorized by this section who have spent at least 30 days in a residential work release center operated by or under the control of the commissioner for a period of time not to exceed their supervised release date.
The willful failure of an inmate to report to or return from planned employment, seeking employment, educational or vocational training, or furlough as provided in subdivision 3 shall be considered an escape under section 609.485. If an inmate violates any of the rules provided for in subdivision 3, the inmate's work placement, educational, or vocational training privileges may be withdrawn by the commissioner.
The net earnings of each inmate participating in the work release program provided by this section may be collected by or forwarded to the commissioner of corrections for deposit to the account of the inmate in the work release account in the state treasury, or the inmate may be permitted to collect, retain, and expend the net earnings from the inmate's employment under rules established by the commissioner of corrections. The money collected by or forwarded to the commissioner under the rules shall remain under the control of the commissioner for the sole benefit of the inmate. After making deductions for the payment of state and local taxes, if necessary, and for repayment of advances and gate money as provided in section 243.24, wages under the control of the commissioner and wages retained by the inmate may be disbursed by the commissioner or expended by the inmate for the following purposes and in the following order:
(1) the cost of the inmate's keep as determined by subdivision 7, which money shall be deposited in the general fund of the state treasury if the inmate is housed in a state correctional facility, or shall be paid directly to the place of confinement as designated by the commissioner pursuant to subdivision 1;
(2) necessary travel expense to and from work and other incidental expenses of the inmate;
(3) support of inmate's dependents, if any;
(4) court-ordered restitution, if any;
(5) fines, surcharges, or other fees assessed or ordered by the court;
(6) contribution to any programs established by law to aid victims of crime, provided that the contribution must not be more than 20 percent of the inmate's gross wages;
(7) restitution to the commissioner of corrections ordered by a prison disciplinary hearing officer for damage to property caused by an inmate's conduct;
(8) restitution to staff ordered by a prison disciplinary hearing officer for damage to property caused by an inmate's conduct;
(9) restitution to another inmate ordered by a prison disciplinary hearing officer for personal injury to another caused by an inmate's conduct;
(10) after the above expenditures, the inmate shall have discretion to direct payment of the balance, if any, upon proper proof of personal legal debts;
(11) the balance, if any, shall be disbursed to the inmate as provided in section 243.24, subdivision 1.
The commissioner may authorize the payment of court-ordered restitution from an inmate's wages when the restitution was court ordered as a sanction for the conviction of an offense which is not the offense of commitment, including offenses which occurred prior to the offense for which the inmate was committed to the commissioner. All money in the work release account are appropriated annually to the commissioner of corrections for the purposes of the work release program.
Wages or salaries of work placement inmates shall not be subject to garnishment, attachment, or execution in the hands of either the employer or a state agent authorized to hold such funds.
The commissioner shall determine the amount to be paid for board and room by such work placement inmate. When special circumstances warrant or for just and reasonable cause, the commissioner may waive the payment by the inmate of board and room charges.
Where a work placement inmate is housed in a jail or workhouse, such board and room revenue shall be paid over to such city or county official as provided for in subdivision 2, provided however, that when payment of board and room has been waived, the commissioner shall make such payments from funds appropriated for that purpose.
1967 c 418 s 1; 1969 c 399 s 1; 1971 c 108 s 1; 1973 c 492 s 7,14; 1973 c 654 s 15; 1975 c 271 s 6; 1978 c 723 art 1 s 12; 1979 c 129 s 1; 1980 c 417 s 6-8; 1983 c 262 art 2 s 1; 1983 c 274 s 1-3; 1985 c 220 s 1,2; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 252 s 3; 1990 c 568 art 2 s 31; 1993 c 326 art 8 s 4; 1994 c 636 art 6 s 3; 1999 c 126 s 6
The commissioner may not pay for a college education program beyond the associate of arts degree level for an inmate convicted of first- or second-degree murder. The commissioner of corrections may only pay for an associate of arts college education program for an inmate convicted of first or second degree murder if the inmate's participation in the program does not increase the cost of the program to the institution.
For the purpose of providing adequate, regular and suitable employment, educational training, and to aid the inmates of state correctional facilities, the commissioner of corrections may establish, equip, maintain and operate at any correctional facility under the commissioner's control such industrial and commercial activities as may be deemed necessary and suitable to the profitable employment, educational training and development of proper work habits of the inmates of state correctional facilities. The industrial and commercial activities authorized by this section are designated MINNCOR industries and shall be for the primary purpose of sustaining and ensuring MINNCOR industries' self-sufficiency, providing educational training, meaningful employment and the teaching of proper work habits to the inmates of correctional facilities under the control of the commissioner of corrections, and not solely as competitive business ventures. The net profits from these activities shall be used for the benefit of the inmates as it relates to education, self-sufficiency skills, and transition services and not to fund non-inmate-related activities or mandates. Prior to the establishment of any industrial and commercial activity, the commissioner of corrections may consult with representatives of business, industry, organized labor, the state Department of Education, the state Apprenticeship Council, the state Department of Labor and Industry, the Department of Employment and Economic Development, the Department of Administration, and such other persons and bodies as the commissioner may feel are qualified to determine the quantity and nature of the goods, wares, merchandise and services to be made or provided, and the types of processes to be used in their manufacture, processing, repair, and production consistent with the greatest opportunity for the reform and educational training of the inmates, and with the best interests of the state, business, industry and labor.
The commissioner of corrections shall, at all times in the conduct of any industrial or commercial activity authorized by this section, utilize inmate labor to the greatest extent feasible, provided, however, that the commissioner may employ all administrative, supervisory and other skilled workers necessary to the proper instruction of the inmates and the profitable and efficient operation of the industrial and commercial activities authorized by this section.
Additionally, the commissioner of corrections may authorize the director of any correctional facility under the commissioner's control to accept work projects from outside sources for processing, fabrication or repair, provided that preference shall be given to the performance of such work projects for state departments and agencies.
The commissioner of corrections shall develop, implement, and maintain a formal marketing plan to attract private sector businesses and industries and state and local government agencies to employ incarcerated offenders through MINNCOR industries. The plan shall be reviewed and updated annually by the commissioner of corrections.
There is established in the Department of Corrections under the control of the commissioner of corrections the Minnesota correctional industries revolving fund to which shall be transferred the revolving funds authorized in Minnesota Statutes 1978, sections 243.41 and 243.85, clause (f), and any other industrial revolving funds heretofore established at any state correctional facility under the control of the commissioner of corrections. The revolving fund established shall be used for the conduct of the industrial and commercial activities now or hereafter established at any state correctional facility, including but not limited to the purchase of equipment, raw materials, the payment of salaries, wages and other expenses necessary and incident thereto. The purchase of services, materials, and commodities used in and held for resale are not subject to the competitive bidding procedures of section 16C.06, but are subject to all other provisions of chapters 16B and 16C. When practical, purchases must be made from small targeted group businesses designated under section 16C.16. Additionally, the expenses of inmate educational training, self-sufficiency skills, transition services, and the inmate release fund may be financed from the correctional industries revolving fund in an amount to be determined by the commissioner or the MINNCOR chief executive officer as duly appointed by the commissioner. The proceeds and income from all industrial and commercial activities conducted at state correctional facilities shall be deposited in the correctional industries revolving fund subject to disbursement as hereinabove provided. The commissioner of corrections may request that money in the fund be invested pursuant to section 11A.25; the proceeds from the investment not currently needed shall be accounted for separately and credited to the fund.
The correctional industries revolving fund shall be deposited in the state treasury and paid out only on proper vouchers as may be authorized and approved by the commissioner of corrections, and in the same manner and under the same restrictions as are now provided by law for the disbursement of funds by the commissioner. An amount deposited in the state treasury equal to six months of net operating cash as determined by the prior 12 months of revenue and cash flow statements, shall be restricted for use only by correctional industries as described under subdivision 2. For purposes of this subdivision, "net operating cash" means net income minus sales plus cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold include all direct costs of correctional industry products attributable to their production. The commissioner of corrections is authorized to keep and maintain at any correctional facility under the commissioner's control a contingent fund, as provided in section 241.13; but the contingent fund shall at all times be covered and protected by a proper and sufficient bond to be duly approved as by law now provided.
The commissioner of corrections is authorized, when in the commissioner's judgment it becomes necessary in order to meet current demands on the correctional industries revolving fund, to borrow sums of money as may be necessary. The sums so borrowed shall not exceed, in any one year, six months of net operating cash as determined by the previous 12 months of the correctional industries' revenue and cash flow statements.
When the commissioner of corrections shall certify to the commissioner of management and budget that, in the commissioner's judgment, it is necessary to borrow a specified sum of money in order to meet the current demands on the correctional industries revolving fund, and the commissioner of management and budget may, in the commissioner's discretion, transfer and credit to the correctional industries revolving fund, from any moneys in the state treasury not required for immediate disbursement, the whole or such part of the amount so certified as they deem advisable, which sum so transferred shall be repaid by the commissioner from the revolving fund to the fund from which transferred, at such time as shall be specified by the commissioner of management and budget, together with interest thereon at such rate as shall be specified by the commissioner of management and budget, not exceeding four percent per annum. When any transfer shall so have been made to the correctional industries revolving fund, the commissioner of management and budget shall notify the commissioner of corrections of the amount so transferred to the credit of the correctional industries revolving fund, the date when the same is to be repaid, and the rate of interest so to be paid.
Grants received from the federal government for any vocational training program or for administration under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections shall, in the first instance, be credited to a federal grant fund and shall be transferred therefrom to the credit of the commissioner of corrections in the appropriate account upon certification of the commissioner of corrections that the amounts so requested to be transferred have been earned or are required for the purposes and program intended. Moneys received by the federal grant fund need not be budgeted as such provided transfers from the fund are budgeted for allotment purposes in the appropriate appropriation.
MINNCOR shall include its full costs for inmate wages and the money it receives from the department for inmate confinement costs in its annual financial statements and reports. In addition, MINNCOR shall disclose in its annual report how the money it receives from the department for inmate confinement costs affects its profitability.
(a) MINNCOR shall use revenue contracts or purchase orders on forms approved by the Department of Administration whenever it allows private businesses to use inmate labor. MINNCOR shall determine whether to use a revenue contract or a purchase order according to criteria that the Department of Corrections has approved having taken into account the recommendations of the legislative auditor contained in its 2009 report on MINNCOR.
(b) MINNCOR shall develop a uniform method to report sales and expenditure data related to individual labor arrangements with private businesses. MINNCOR shall review the data annually to assess how the arrangements, both individually and collectively, affect MINNCOR achieving its goals of high inmate participation in industry and profitability.
MINNCOR may not begin work on a project until a contract or purchase order has been signed and may not continue work on a project after a contract or purchase order has expired.
1967 c 883 s 1; Ex1967 c 1 s 6; 1975 c 271 s 6; 1976 c 163 s 39; 1979 c 129 s 2; 1980 c 417 s 2; 1Sp1981 c 4 art 1 s 101; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 156 s 1; 1987 c 384 art 2 s 1; 1989 c 352 s 18; 1990 c 541 s 25; 1Sp1995 c 3 art 16 s 13; 1998 c 386 art 2 s 72; 2003 c 112 art 2 s 50; 2003 c 130 s 12; 2007 c 54 art 6 s 6-9; 2008 c 299 s 3; 2009 c 78 art 2 s 33; 2009 c 83 art 3 s 7-10; 2009 c 101 art 2 s 109
The Department of Corrections shall include in its budget requests such amounts as may be claimed by any county or municipality necessary to reimburse said county or municipality for expenses of a county attorney or sheriff or municipal police department resulting from activities involving inmates of state correctional institutions located in its county or municipality.
(a) As used in this section, the following terms have the meanings given them.
(b) "Correctional fees" include fees for the following correctional services:
(1) community service work placement and supervision;
(2) restitution collection;
(4) court-ordered investigations; or
(5) any other service provided by a probation officer or parole agency for offenders supervised by the commissioner of corrections.
(c) "Probation" has the meaning given in section 609.02, subdivision 15.
(d) "Supervised release" has the meaning given in section 244.01, subdivision 7.
To defray costs associated with correctional services, the commissioner of corrections may establish a schedule of correctional fees to charge persons convicted of a crime and supervised by the commissioner. The correctional fees on the schedule must be reasonably related to offenders' abilities to pay and the actual cost of correctional services.
(a) The commissioner of corrections may impose and collect fees from individuals on probation and supervised release at any time while the offender is under sentence or after the sentence has been discharged.
(b) The commissioner may use any available civil means of debt collection in collecting a correctional fee.
The commissioner of corrections may waive payment of the fee if the commissioner determines that the offender does not have the ability to pay the fee, the prospects for payment are poor, or there are extenuating circumstances justifying waiver of the fee. Instead of waiving the fee, the commissioner may require the offender to perform community work service as a means of paying the fee.
If an offender has been ordered by a court to pay restitution, the offender shall be obligated to pay the restitution ordered before paying the correctional fee. However, if the offender is making reasonable payments to satisfy the restitution obligation, the commissioner may also collect a correctional fee.
Excluding correctional fees collected from offenders supervised by department agents under the authority of section 244.19, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (3), all correctional fees collected under this section go to the general fund. Fees collected by agents under the authority of section 244.19, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (3), shall go to the county treasurer in the county where supervision is provided. These fees may only be used in accordance with section 244.18, subdivision 6.
Beginning January 15, 2001, the commissioner shall submit an annual report on the implementation of this section to the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house of representatives committees and divisions with jurisdiction over criminal justice funding and policy. At a minimum, the report shall include information on the types of correctional services for which fees were imposed, the aggregate amount of fees imposed, and the amount of fees collected.
The commissioner of corrections may authorize sex offender treatment providers to charge and collect treatment co-pays from all offenders in their treatment program. The amount of treatment co-pay assessed to each offender is based upon a fee schedule approved by the commissioner. Fees collected under this authority are used by the treatment provider to fund the cost of treatment.
(a) As used in this section, "correctional facility" includes a community-based day program in which an adult or juvenile offender is placed as part of a sentence or disposition order, if the program provides close supervision of offenders through such means as electronic monitoring and drug and alcohol testing.
(b) All counties are encouraged to establish a productive day initiative program for adult and juvenile offenders under their jurisdiction. The productive day program shall be designed to motivate offenders to develop basic life and work skills through training and education, thereby creating opportunities for offenders to achieve more successful integration into the community upon their release.
The productive day initiative programs may include, but are not limited to, components described in paragraphs (a) to (c).
(a) The initiative programs may contain programs designed to promote the offender's self-esteem, self-discipline, and economic self-sufficiency by providing structured training and education with respect to basic life skills, including hygiene, personal financial budgeting, literacy, and conflict management.
(b) The programs may contain individualized educational, vocational, and work programs designed to productively occupy an offender for at least eight hours a day.
(c) The program administrators may develop correctional industry programs, including marketing efforts to attract work opportunities both inside correctional facilities and outside in the community. Program options may include expanding and reorganizing on-site industry programs, locating off-site industry work areas, community service work programs, and employment programs. To develop innovative work programs, program administrators may enlist members of the business and labor community to help target possible productive enterprises for offender work programs.
(d) Whenever offenders are assigned to work within the correctional facility or with any state department or agency, local unit of government, or other government subdivision, the program administrator must certify to the appropriate bargaining agent that work performed by offenders will not result in the displacement of current employed workers or workers on seasonal layoff or layoff from a substantially equivalent position, including partial displacement such as reduction in hours of work other than overtime work, wages, or other employment benefits.
The administrators of each productive day program shall develop criteria for offender eligibility for the program.
The administrators of each of the productive day initiative programs shall develop program evaluation tools to monitor the success of the programs.
The commissioner of corrections, in the interest of inmate rehabilitation or to promote programs under section 241.275, subdivision 2, may enter into interagency agreements with state, county, or municipal agencies, or contract with nonprofit agencies to manage, fund, or partially fund the cost of programs that use state or county jail inmates as a work force. The commissioner is authorized to receive funds via these agreements and these funds are appropriated to the commissioner for community service programming or when prison industries are party to the agreement, shall be deposited in the Minnesota correctional industries revolving fund for use as described under section 241.27, subdivision 2.
The Interstate Corrections Compact is hereby enacted into law and entered into by this state with any other states legally joining therein in the form substantially as follows:
INTERSTATE CORRECTIONS COMPACT
Purpose and Policy
The party states, desiring by common action to fully utilize and improve their institutional facilities and provide adequate programs for the confinement, treatment and rehabilitation of various types of offenders, declare that it is the policy of each of the party states to provide such facilities and programs on a basis of cooperation with one another, thereby serving the best interests of such offenders and of society and effecting economies in capital expenditures and operational costs. The purpose of this compact is to provide for the mutual development and execution of such programs of cooperation for the confinement, treatment and rehabilitation of offenders with the most economical use of human and material resources.
As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
(a) "State" means a state of the United States; the United States of America; a territory or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
(b) "Sending state" means a state party to this compact in which conviction or court commitment was had.
(c) "Receiving state" means a state party to this compact to which an inmate is sent for confinement other than a state in which conviction or court commitment was had.
(d) "Inmate" means a male or female offender who is committed, under sentence to or confined in a penal or correctional institution.
(e) "Institution" means any penal or correctional facility, including but not limited to a facility for the mentally ill or mentally defective, in which inmates as defined in (d) above may lawfully be confined.
(a) Each party state may make one or more contracts with any one or more of the other party states for the confinement of inmates on behalf of a sending state in institutions situated within receiving states. Any such contract shall provide for:
1. Its duration.
2. Payments to be made to the receiving state by the sending state for inmate maintenance, extraordinary medical and dental expenses, and any participation in or receipt by inmates of rehabilitative or correctional services, facilities, programs, or treatment not reasonably included as part of normal maintenance.
3. Participation in programs of inmate employment, if any; the disposition or crediting of any payments received by inmates on account thereof; and the crediting of proceeds from or disposal of any products resulting therefrom.
4. Delivery and retaking of inmates.
5. Such other matters as may be necessary and appropriate to fix the obligations, responsibilities and rights of the sending and receiving states.
(b) The terms and provisions of this compact shall be a part of any contract entered into by the authority of or pursuant thereto, and nothing in any such contract shall be inconsistent therewith.
Procedures and Rights
(a) Whenever the duly constituted authorities in a state party to this compact, and which has entered into a contract pursuant to article III, shall decide that confinement in, or transfer of an inmate to, an institution within the territory of another party state is necessary or desirable in order to provide adequate quarters and care or an appropriate program of rehabilitation or treatment, said officials may direct that the confinement be within an institution within the territory of said other party state, the receiving state to act in that regard solely as agent for the sending state.
(b) The appropriate officials of any state party to this compact shall have access, at all reasonable times, to any institution in which it has a contractual right to confine inmates for the purpose of inspecting the facilities thereof and visiting such of its inmates as may be confined in the institution.
(c) Inmates confined in an institution pursuant to the terms of this compact shall at all times be subject to the jurisdiction of the sending state and may at any time be removed therefrom for transfer to a prison or other institution within the sending state, for transfer to another institution in which the sending state may have a contractual or other right to confine inmates, for release on probation or parole, for discharge, or for any other purpose permitted by the laws of the sending state; provided that the sending state shall continue to be obligated to such payments as may be required pursuant to the terms of any contract entered into under the terms of article III.
(d) Each receiving state shall provide regular reports to each sending state on the inmates of that sending state in institutions pursuant to this compact including a conduct record of each inmate and certify said record to the official designated by the sending state, in order that each inmate may have official review of his or her record in determining and altering the disposition of said inmate in accordance with the law which may obtain in the sending state and in order that the same may be a source of information for the sending state.
(e) All inmates who may be confined in an institution pursuant to the provisions of this compact shall be treated in a reasonable and humane manner and shall be treated equally with such similar inmates of the receiving state as may be confined in the same institution. The fact of confinement in a receiving state shall not deprive any inmate so confined of any legal rights which said inmate would have had if confined in an appropriate institution of the sending state.
(f) Any hearing or hearings to which an inmate confined pursuant to this compact may be entitled by the laws of the sending state may be had before the appropriate authorities of the sending state, or of the receiving state if authorized by the sending state. The receiving state shall provide adequate facilities for such hearings as may be conducted by the appropriate officials of a sending state. In the event such hearing or hearings are had before officials of the receiving state, the governing law shall be that of the sending state and a record of the hearing or hearings as prescribed by the sending state shall be made. Said record together with any recommendations of the hearing officials shall be transmitted forthwith to the official or officials before whom the hearing would have been had if it had taken place in the sending state. In any and all proceedings had pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, the officials of the receiving state shall act solely as agents of the sending state and no final determination shall be made in any matter except by the appropriate officials of the sending state.
(g) Any inmate confined pursuant to this compact shall be released within the territory of the sending state unless the inmate, and the sending and receiving states, shall agree upon release in some other place. The sending state shall bear the cost of such return to its territory.
(h) Any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact shall have any and all rights to participate in and derive any benefits or incur or be relieved of any obligations or have such obligations modified or his status changed on account of any action or proceeding in which he could have participated if confined in any appropriate institution of the sending state located within such state.
(i) The parent, guardian, trustee, or other person or persons entitled under the laws of the sending state to act for, advise, or otherwise function with respect to any inmate shall not be deprived of or restricted in his exercise of any power in respect of any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact.
Acts Not Reviewable in Receiving State: Extradition
(a) Any decision of the sending state in respect of any matter over which it retains jurisdiction pursuant to this compact shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state, but if at the time the sending state seeks to remove an inmate from an institution in the receiving state there is pending against the inmate within such state any criminal charge or if the inmate is formally accused of having committed within such state a criminal offense, the inmate shall not be returned without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or other form of proceeding, imprisonment or detention for such offense. The duly accredited officers of the sending state shall be permitted to transport inmates pursuant to this compact through any and all states party to this compact without interference.
(b) An inmate who escapes from an institution in which he is confined pursuant to this compact shall be deemed a fugitive from the sending state and from the state in which the institution is situated. In the case of an escape to a jurisdiction other than the sending or receiving state, the responsibility for institution of extradition or rendition proceedings shall be that of the sending state, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to prevent or affect the activities of officers and agencies of any jurisdiction directed toward the apprehension and return of an escapee.
Any state party to this compact may accept federal aid for use in connection with any institution or program, the use of which is or may be affected by this compact or any contract pursuant hereto and any inmate in a receiving state pursuant to this compact may participate in any such federally aided program or activity for which the sending and receiving states have made contractual provision, provided that if such program or activity is not part of the customary correctional regimen the express consent of the appropriate official of the sending state shall be required therefor.
Entry into Force
This compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding upon the state so acting when it has been enacted into law by any two states. Thereafter, this compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding as to any other of said states upon similar action by such state.
Withdrawal and Termination
This compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon a party state until it shall have enacted a statute repealing the same and providing for the sending of formal written notice of withdrawal from the compact to the appropriate officials of all other party states. An actual withdrawal shall not take effect until one year after the notices provided in said statute have been sent. Such withdrawal shall not relieve the withdrawing state from its obligations assumed hereunder prior to the effective date of withdrawal. Before the effective date of withdrawal, a withdrawing state shall remove to its territory, at its own expense, such inmates as it may have confined pursuant to the provisions of this compact.
Other Arrangements Unaffected
Nothing contained in this compact shall be construed to abrogate or impair any agreement or other arrangement which a party state may have with a nonparty state for the confinement, rehabilitation or treatment of inmates nor to repeal any other laws of a party state authorizing the making of cooperative institutional arrangements.
Construction and Severability
The provisions of this compact shall be liberally construed and shall be severable. If any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the Constitution of any participating state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state participating therein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
The commissioner of corrections or a designee is hereby authorized and directed to do all things necessary or incidental to the carrying out of the compact in every particular.
1969 c 595 s 3; 1986 c 444
The commissioner of corrections shall establish procedures so that whenever this state receives an inmate, parolee, or probationer from another state under sections 241.28 to 241.30 or 243.1605, fingerprints and thumbprints of the inmate, parolee, or probationer are obtained and forwarded by electronic entry into a Bureau of Criminal Apprehension-managed searchable database within 24 hours of receipt. The bureau shall convert the fingerprints and thumbprints into an electronic format for entry into the searchable database within three business days of receipt if the data is not entered by the commissioner.
Notwithstanding any provisions of Minnesota Statutes to the contrary, any city, county or town, or any nonprofit corporation approved by the commissioner of corrections, or any combination thereof may establish and operate a community corrections program for the purpose of providing housing, supervision, treatment, counseling or other correctional services;
(a) to persons convicted of crime in the courts of this state and placed on probation by such courts pursuant to section 609.135;
(b) to persons not yet convicted of a crime but under criminal accusation who voluntarily accept such treatment;
(c) to persons adjudicated a delinquent under chapter 260;
(d) with the approval of the commissioner of corrections, to persons paroled under chapter 242; and
Community corrections programs established under this section may be administered by a nonprofit corporation, by the political subdivision establishing same, or by a community corrections board organized and composed in the same manner that a community mental health center board is composed and organized under section 245.66.
The premises and facilities for any community correctional program may be acquired by purchase, lease, or gift, and may be established and operated in connection with existing public or private institutions or agencies.
Any political subdivision, as described in subdivision 1, may use unexpended funds, levy additional taxes, accept gifts, grants and subsidies from any lawful source, or make application for federal funds in order to provide the necessary funds for the establishment and operation of a community corrections program.
The commissioner of corrections shall establish minimum standards for the size, area to be served, qualifications of staff, ratio of staff to client population, and treatment programs for community corrections programs established pursuant to this section. Plans and specifications for such programs, including proposed budgets must first be submitted to the commissioner for approval prior to the establishment.
With the approval of the commissioner of human services any city, county, town, or any nonprofit corporation approved by the commissioner of corrections, or any combination thereof, may obtain by lease the use of any building or unit thereof located upon the grounds of a state hospital, and may contract with such state hospital and with community mental health centers for consultative and clinical services.
For the purpose of demonstrating the effectiveness of the community corrections programs authorized by this section and to promote the development of such programs the commissioner of corrections may, out of funds appropriated for such purposes, make grants not to exceed 65 percent of the costs of operating such programs, provided however, that the commissioner may make grants of 100 percent of the operating costs of such programs operated by the Indian reservation business committees exercising governmental functions pursuant to congressional charters. Community corrections programs established under the provisions of Laws 1971, chapter 782 must comply with the provisions of subdivision 5 to be eligible to apply for and receive the assistance provided by this subdivision.
The commissioner shall review at least annually each program established under Laws 1971, chapter 782 and review its projected annual operating costs to ensure continued compliance with minimum standards, and may withhold funds for noncompliance.
The commissioner of corrections may establish and operate community correctional programs or contract with existing public and private agencies for separate custody or specialized care and treatment of persons under the commissioner's custody and control or under the custody and control of the commissioner of corrections or on conditional release under section 241.26.
Any person admitted to a community correctional program by action of the commissioner of corrections shall be and remain under the control of the commissioner of corrections and may be conditionally released therefrom in the manner and for such periods of time as may be ordered by the commissioner.
To establish and operate community correctional programs or to provide such services through agreement with public and private agencies the commissioner is authorized to accept gifts, grants, and subsidies from any lawful source and to negotiate with the federal government, or any agency, bureau, or department thereof to obtain funds for the purposes of this subdivision, which gifts, grants, subsidies, and funds are hereby appropriated to the commissioner.
The commissioner of corrections may enter into rental agreements per industry standards for emergency housing for inmates.
"Blood-borne pathogens" means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
"Correctional facility" means a state or local correctional facility.
"Corrections employee" means an employee of a state or local correctional agency.
"Inmate" means an individual who is in the custody or under the jurisdiction of the commissioner of corrections or a local correctional authority and is confined in a state or local correctional facility either before or after conviction.
"Significant exposure" means contact likely to transmit a blood-borne pathogen, in a manner supported by the most current guidelines and recommendations of the United States Public Health Service at the time an evaluation takes place, that includes:
(1) percutaneous injury, contact of mucous membrane or nonintact skin, or prolonged contact of intact skin; and
(2) contact, in a manner that may transmit a blood-borne pathogen, with blood, tissue, or potentially infectious body fluids.
(1) a licensed physician determines that a significant exposure has occurred following the protocol under section 241.341;
(2) the licensed physician for the corrections employee needs the inmate's blood-borne pathogens test results to begin, continue, modify, or discontinue treatment in accordance with the most current guidelines of the United States Public Health Service, because of possible exposure to a blood-borne pathogen; and
(3) the corrections employee consents to providing a blood sample for testing for a blood-borne pathogen.
(a) Before seeking any consent required by the procedures under sections 241.33 to 241.342, a correctional facility shall inform the inmate that the inmate's blood-borne pathogen test results, without the inmate's name or other uniquely identifying information, shall be reported to the corrections employee if requested and that test results collected under sections 241.33 to 241.342 are for medical purposes as set forth in section 241.338 and may not be used as evidence in any criminal proceedings or civil proceedings, except for procedures under sections 144.4171 to 144.4186.
(b) The correctional facility shall inform the inmate of the insurance protections in section 72A.20, subdivision 29.
(c) The correctional facility shall inform the inmate that the inmate may refuse to provide a blood sample and that the inmate's refusal may result in a request for a court order to require the inmate to provide a blood sample.
(d) The correctional facility shall inform the inmate that the correctional facility will advise the corrections employee of the confidentiality requirements and penalties before the employee's health care provider discloses any test results.
(a) Before disclosing any information about the inmate, the correctional facility shall inform the corrections employee of the confidentiality requirements of section 241.339.
(b) The correctional facility shall inform the corrections employee of the insurance protections in section 72A.20, subdivision 29.
If the conditions of sections 241.331 and 241.332 are met, the correctional facility shall ask the inmate if the inmate has ever had a positive test for a blood-borne pathogen. The correctional facility must attempt to get existing test results under this section before taking any steps to obtain a blood sample or to test for blood-borne pathogens. The correctional facility shall disclose the inmate's blood-borne pathogen test results to the corrections employee without the inmate's name or other uniquely identifying information.
(a) For purposes of sections 241.33 to 241.342, whenever the correctional facility is required to seek consent, the correctional facility shall obtain consent from an inmate or an inmate's representative consistent with other law applicable to consent.
(b) Consent is not required if the correctional facility has made reasonable efforts to obtain the representative's consent and consent cannot be obtained within 24 hours of a significant exposure.
(c) If testing of available blood occurs without consent because the inmate is unconscious or unable to provide consent, and a representative cannot be located, the correctional facility shall provide the information required in section 241.332 to the inmate or representative whenever it is possible to do so.
(d) If an inmate dies before an opportunity to consent to blood collection or testing under sections 241.33 to 241.342, the correctional facility does not need consent of the inmate's representative for purposes of sections 241.33 to 241.342.
If a sample of the inmate's blood is available, the correctional facility shall ensure that blood is tested for blood-borne pathogens with the consent of the inmate, provided the conditions in sections 241.331 and 241.332 are met.
If the inmate has provided a blood sample, but does not consent to blood-borne pathogens testing, the correctional facility shall ensure that the blood is tested for blood-borne pathogens if the corrections employee requests the test, provided all of the following criteria are met:
(1) the corrections employee and correctional facility have documented exposure to blood or body fluids during performance of the employee's work duties;
(2) a licensed physician has determined that a significant exposure has occurred under section 241.341 and has documented that blood-borne pathogen test results are needed for beginning, modifying, continuing, or discontinuing medical treatment for the corrections employee as recommended by the most current guidelines of the United States Public Health Service;
(3) the corrections employee provides a blood sample for testing for blood-borne pathogens as soon as feasible;
(4) the correctional facility asks the inmate to consent to a test for blood-borne pathogens and the inmate does not consent;
(5) the correctional facility has provided the inmate and the corrections employee with all of the information required by section 241.332; and
(6) the correctional facility has informed the corrections employee of the confidentiality requirements of section 241.339.
The correctional facility shall inform the inmate whose blood was tested of the results. The correctional facility shall inform the corrections employee's health care provider of the inmate's test results without the inmate's name or other uniquely identifying information.
(a) If a blood sample is not otherwise available, the correctional facility shall obtain consent from the inmate before collecting a blood sample for testing for blood-borne pathogens. The consent process shall include informing the inmate that the inmate may refuse to provide a blood sample and that the inmate's refusal may result in a request for a court order under subdivision 2 to require the inmate to provide a blood sample.
(b) If the inmate consents to provide a blood sample, the correctional facility shall collect a blood sample and ensure that the sample is tested for blood-borne pathogens.
(c) The correctional facility shall inform the corrections employee's health care provider about the inmate's test results without the inmate's name or other uniquely identifying information. The correctional facility shall inform the inmate of the test results.
(d) If the inmate refuses to provide a blood sample for testing, the correctional facility shall inform the corrections employee of the inmate's refusal.
(a) A correctional facility or a corrections employee may bring a petition for a court order to require an inmate to provide a blood sample for testing for blood-borne pathogens. The petition shall be filed in the district court in the county where the inmate is confined. The correctional facility shall serve the petition on the inmate three days before a hearing on the petition. The petition shall include one or more affidavits attesting that:
(2) a licensed physician knowledgeable about the most current recommendations of the United States Public Health Service has determined that a significant exposure has occurred to the corrections employee under section 241.341; and
(3) a physician has documented that the corrections employee has provided a blood sample and consented to testing for blood-borne pathogens and blood-borne pathogen test results are needed for beginning, continuing, modifying, or discontinuing medical treatment for the corrections employee under section 241.341.
(b) Facilities shall cooperate with petitioners in providing any necessary affidavits to the extent that facility staff can attest under oath to the facts in the affidavits.
(c) The court may order the inmate to provide a blood sample for blood-borne pathogen testing if:
(1) there is probable cause to believe the corrections employee has experienced a significant exposure to the inmate;
(2) the court imposes appropriate safeguards against unauthorized disclosure that must specify the persons who have access to the test results and the purposes for which the test results may be used;
(3) a licensed physician for the corrections employee needs the test results for beginning, continuing, modifying, or discontinuing medical treatment for the corrections employee; and
(4) the court finds a compelling need for the test results. In assessing compelling need, the court shall weigh the need for the court-ordered blood collection and test results against the interests of the inmate, including, but not limited to, privacy, health, safety, or economic interests. The court shall also consider whether involuntary blood collection and testing would serve the public interests.
(d) The court shall conduct the proceeding in camera unless the petitioner or the inmate requests a hearing in open court and the court determines that a public hearing is necessary to the public interest and the proper administration of justice.
(e) The inmate may arrange for counsel in any proceeding brought under this subdivision.
(a) As used in this subdivision, "qualified physician" means a person who:
(1) is a licensed physician employed by or under contract with the correctional facility to provide services to employees and inmates; and
(2) is an infectious disease specialist or consults with an infectious disease specialist or a hospital infectious disease officer.
(b) An inmate in a correctional facility is subject to the release of medical information related to blood-borne pathogen infections or the collection and testing of a blood sample if a significant exposure occurs as determined by procedures in section 241.331, subdivision 2, clause (1). In the absence of affirmative consent and cooperation in the release of medical information or collection of a blood sample, the head of a correctional facility, having reported to and consulted with the state epidemiologist, may order an inmate to provide release of medical information related to blood-borne pathogen infections or a blood sample for testing for blood-borne pathogens if:
(1) the correctional facility followed the procedures in sections 241.33 to 241.336, subdivision 1, and 241.337 to 241.342 and attempted to obtain blood-borne pathogen test results according to those sections;
(2) a qualified physician has determined that a significant exposure has occurred to the corrections employee under section 241.341;
(3) a qualified physician has documented that the corrections employee has received vaccinations for preventing blood-borne pathogens, provided a blood sample, and consented to testing for blood-borne pathogens, and that blood-borne pathogen test results are needed for beginning, continuing, modifying, or discontinuing medical treatment for the corrections employee under section 241.341;
(4) the head of the correctional facility has received affidavits from qualified physicians, treating the corrections worker and the inmate, attesting that a significant exposure has occurred to the corrections employee under section 241.341;
(5) the correctional facility imposes appropriate safeguards against unauthorized disclosure and use of medical information or samples consistent with those established in sections 241.331 to 241.339;
(6) a qualified physician for the corrections employee needs the test results for beginning, continuing, modifying, or discontinuing medical treatment for the corrections employee; and
(7) the head of the correctional facility finds a compelling need for the medical information or test results.
In assessing whether a compelling need exists under clause (7), the head of the correctional facility shall weigh the officer's need for the exchange of medical information or blood collection and test results against the interests of the inmate, including, but not limited to, privacy, health, safety, or economic interests. The head of the correctional facility shall also consider whether release of medical information or involuntary blood collection and testing would serve or harm public health interests.
(c) Each state and local correctional facility shall adopt a plan for implementing by July 1, 2006, policies and procedures for:
(1) the education and treatment of corrections employees and inmates that are consistent with those established by the Department of Corrections;
(2) ensuring that corrections employees and inmates are routinely offered and are provided voluntary vaccinations to prevent blood-borne pathogen infections;
(3) ensuring that corrections employees and inmates are routinely offered and are provided with voluntary postexposure prophylactic treatments for blood-borne pathogen infections in accordance with the most current guidelines of the United States Public Health Service; and
(4) ensuring voluntary access to treatment for blood-borne pathogen infections in accordance with the most current guidelines of the United States Public Health Service for corrections workers or inmates who are determined to have a blood-borne pathogen infection through procedures established in sections 241.331 to 241.339.
(d) The commissioner of corrections and the director of each local correctional facility shall provide written notice to each inmate through the inmate handbook, or a comparable document, of the provisions of this subdivision.
Blood-borne pathogen test results of an inmate obtained under sections 241.33 to 241.342 are for diagnostic purposes and to determine the need for treatment or medical care specific to a blood-borne pathogen-related illness. The test results may not be used as evidence in any criminal proceedings or civil proceedings, except for procedures under sections 144.4171 to 144.4186.
Test results obtained under sections 241.33 to 241.342 are private data as defined in sections 13.02, subdivision 12, and 13.85, subdivision 2, but shall be released as provided by sections 241.33 to 241.342.
(a) Correctional facilities shall follow applicable Occupational Safety and Health Administration guidelines under Code of Federal Regulations, title 29, part 1910.1030, for blood-borne pathogens.
(b) Every correctional facility shall adopt and follow a postexposure protocol for corrections employees who have experienced a significant exposure. The postexposure protocol must adhere to the most current recommendations of the United States Public Health Service and include, at a minimum, the following:
(1) a process for corrections employees to report an exposure in a timely fashion;
(2) a process for an infectious disease specialist, or a licensed physician who is knowledgeable about the most current recommendations of the United States Public Health Service in consultation with an infectious disease specialist, (i) to determine whether a significant exposure to one or more blood-borne pathogens has occurred, and (ii) to provide, under the direction of a licensed physician, a recommendation or recommendations for follow-up treatment appropriate to the particular blood-borne pathogen or pathogens for which a significant exposure has been determined;
(3) if there has been a significant exposure, a process to determine whether the inmate has a blood-borne pathogen through disclosure of test results, or through blood collection and testing as required by sections 241.33 to 241.342;
(4) a process for providing appropriate counseling prior to and following testing for a blood-borne pathogen regarding the likelihood of blood-borne pathogen transmission and follow-up recommendations according to the most current recommendations of the United States Public Health Service, recommendations for testing, and treatment;
(5) a process for providing appropriate counseling under clause (4) to the corrections employee and inmate; and
(6) compliance with applicable state and federal laws relating to data practices, confidentiality, informed consent, and the patient bill of rights.
A correctional facility, licensed physician, and designated health care personnel are immune from liability in any civil, administrative, or criminal action relating to the disclosure of test results of an inmate to a corrections employee and the testing of a blood sample from the inmate for blood-borne pathogens if a good faith effort has been made to comply with sections 241.33 to 241.342.
By January 15, 2007, and at least once every three years thereafter, the commissioner shall ensure that an outside entity conducts an independent review of the department's prison-based substance abuse assessment activities.
The commissioner shall cooperate with community-based corrections agencies to determine how best to address the substance abuse treatment needs of offenders who are being released from prison. The commissioner shall ensure that an offender's prison release plan adequately addresses the offender's needs for substance abuse assessment, treatment, or other services following release, within the limits of available resources.
The commissioner shall keep adequate records regarding inmate participation in substance abuse treatment programs. For inmates who did not comply with directives to participate in substance abuse treatment programs, these records must include the reasons why the inmate did not do so.
A sex offender treatment system is established under the administration of the commissioner of corrections to provide and finance a range of sex offender treatment programs for eligible adults and juveniles. Offenders who are eligible to receive treatment, within the limits of available funding, are:
(1) adults and juveniles committed to the custody of the commissioner;
(2) adult offenders for whom treatment is required by the court as a condition of probation; and
(3) juvenile offenders who have been found delinquent or received a stay of adjudication, for whom the juvenile court has ordered treatment.
(a) The commissioner shall adopt rules under chapter 14 for the certification of adult and juvenile sex offender treatment programs in state and local correctional facilities and state-operated adult and juvenile sex offender treatment programs not operated in state or local correctional facilities. The rules shall require that sex offender treatment programs be at least four months in duration. A correctional facility may not operate a sex offender treatment program unless the program has met the standards adopted by and been certified by the commissioner of corrections. As used in this subdivision, "correctional facility" has the meaning given it in section 241.021, subdivision 1, paragraph (f).
(b) In addition to other certification requirements established under paragraph (a), the commissioner must require all programs certified under this subdivision to participate in the sex offender program evaluation project established by the commissioner under section 241.67, subdivision 8.
(a) The commissioner shall provide for a range of sex offender programs, including intensive sex offender programs, within the state adult correctional facility system. Participation in any program is subject to the rules and regulations of the Department of Corrections. Nothing in this section requires the commissioner to accept or retain an offender in a program if the offender is determined by prison professionals as unamenable to programming within the prison system or if the offender refuses or fails to comply with the program's requirements. Nothing in this section creates a right of an offender to treatment.
(b) The commissioner shall develop a plan to provide for residential and outpatient sex offender programming and aftercare when required for conditional release under section 609.3455, subdivision 3a, or as a condition of supervised release. The plan may include co-payments from the offender, third-party payers, local agencies, or other funding sources as they are identified.
The commissioner of corrections shall develop in-service training for state and local corrections agents and probation officers who supervise adult and juvenile sex offenders on probation or supervised release. The commissioner shall make the training available to all current and future corrections agents and probation officers who supervise or will supervise sex offenders on probation or supervised release.
A state or local corrections agent or probation officer may not supervise adult or juvenile sex offenders on probation or supervised release unless the agent or officer has completed the in-service sex offender supervision training. The commissioner may waive this requirement if the corrections agent or probation officer has completed equivalent training as part of a postsecondary educational curriculum.
When an adult sex offender is placed on supervised release or is sentenced to probationary supervision, and when a juvenile offender is found delinquent by the juvenile court for a sex offense and placed on probation or is paroled from a juvenile correctional facility, a corrections agent or probation officer may not be assigned to the offender unless the agent or officer has completed the in-service sex offender supervision training.
(a) Unless otherwise directed by the terms of a particular appropriations provision, the commissioner shall give priority to the funding of juvenile sex offender programs over the funding of adult sex offender programs.
(b) Every county or private sex offender program shall provide the commissioner with any information relating to the program's effectiveness that the commissioner considers necessary. The commissioner shall deny state funding or reimbursement to any county or private program that fails to provide this information or that appears to be an ineffective program.
(a) For the purposes of this subdivision, a sex offender is an adult who has been convicted, or a juvenile who has been adjudicated, for a sex offense or a sex-related offense which would require registration under section 243.166.
(b) The commissioner shall:
(1) collect follow-up information on each sex offender for a period of three years following the offender's completion of or termination from treatment for the purpose of providing periodic reports to the legislature;
(2) provide treatment programs in several geographical areas in the state;
(3) provide the necessary data to form the basis to recommend a fiscally sound plan to provide a coordinated statewide system of effective sex offender treatment programming; and
(4) provide an opportunity to local and regional governments, agencies, and programs to establish models of sex offender programs that are suited to the needs of that region.
(c) The commissioner shall establish an advisory task force consisting of county probation officers from Community Corrections Act counties and other counties, court services providers, and other interested officials. The commissioner shall consult with the task force on how best to implement the requirements of this subdivision.
(a) All sex offender treatment facilities that provide treatment to sex offenders who begin treatment as a condition of probation shall provide the commissioner relevant information on the treatment of those offenders as the commissioner requests for the purpose of this evaluation. The information disclosed to the commissioner shall only be reported in aggregate and that information must not be used to designate additional sanctions for any individual offender.
(b) All county corrections agencies or court services officers shall provide the commissioner information as requested regarding juveniles and adults as defined in subdivision 8, paragraph (a), for the purpose of completing the requirements of subdivision 8.
1989 c 290 art 4 s 1; 1989 c 356 s 54; 1992 c 571 art 1 s 1,2; art 8 s 1-3; 1993 c 326 art 8 s 5-7; 1998 c 367 art 6 s 15; 1998 c 396 s 1,2; 1999 c 139 art 4 s 2; 2001 c 210 s 9; 2005 c 136 art 3 s 4-6; 2006 c 260 art 1 s 47
The commissioner of corrections shall, in accordance with applicable rules and standards prescribed by the Department of Human Services, establish, staff, equip, maintain, and operate at one of the adult correctional institutions under the commissioner's control a mental health unit for the care and treatment of those inmates of state correctional institutions who become mentally ill.
When any person confined in an adult correctional institution under the control of the commissioner of corrections is alleged to be a person who is mentally ill, the director of psychological services, or warden or other person in charge of the institution shall cause the person to be examined by a licensed physician especially qualified in the diagnosis of mental illness, or, if none is available, by any licensed physician or licensed mental health professional available to the institution.
If the licensed mental health professional finds the person to be a person who is mentally ill and in need of short-term care, the licensed mental health professional may recommend transfer by the commissioner of corrections to the mental health unit established pursuant to subdivision 1.
If the licensed mental health professional finds the person to be a person who is mentally ill and in need of long-term care in a hospital, or if an inmate transferred pursuant to subdivision 3 refuses to voluntarily participate in the treatment program at the mental health unit, the director of psychological services of the institution or the mental health professional shall initiate proceedings for judicial commitment as provided in section 253B.07. Upon the recommendation of the licensed mental health professional and upon completion of the hearing and consideration of the record, the court may commit the person to the mental health unit established in subdivision 1 or to another hospital. A person confined in a state correctional institution for adults who has been adjudicated to be a person who is mentally ill and in need of treatment may be committed to the commissioner of corrections and placed in the mental health unit established in subdivision 1.
The director of psychological services of the mental health unit established under this section may, subject to the provisions of chapter 253B, provisionally discharge any inmate patient admitted as a person who is mentally ill without discharging the commitment and order the inmate patient's release into the general population of the institution from which admitted, subject to return to the facility for further treatment.
When the director of psychological services of the facility certifies that a patient is no longer in need of institutional care for mental illness the director of psychological services shall discharge the patient to the institution from which committed, and the discharge shall also discharge the mental illness commitment.
A copy of the certification that the inmate is no longer in need of care for mental illness shall be transmitted to the commissioner of corrections. The commissioner of corrections shall give serious consideration to the aforementioned certification for purposes of their supervision over the inmate upon the inmate's release.
If the sentence of a person who has been adjudicated to be mentally ill and committed to the mental health unit established under this section should expire before the person recovers and is discharged therefrom, and, in the judgment of the director of psychological services of the unit, the person requires further hospitalization for mental illness, the person shall be transferred by the commissioner of corrections to a state hospital designated by the commissioner of human services, there to be detained as in the case of other mentally ill persons under judicial commitment.
The costs of the commitment proceedings under this section shall be borne by the state.
1978 c 707 s 1; 1981 c 360 art 1 s 18; 1982 c 581 s 24; 1983 c 274 s 18; 1984 c 654 art 5 s 58; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 252 s 4; 1991 c 255 s 19; 2001 c 210 s 10; 2002 c 221 s 11-14; 2007 c 54 art 6 s 11,12
Adult women charged with or convicted of crimes, and juvenile females charged with an offense that would be a crime if committed by an adult or adjudicated delinquent, shall be provided a range and quality of programming substantially equivalent to programming offered male persons charged with or convicted of crimes or delinquencies. Programs for female offenders shall be based upon the special needs of female offenders.
Within the limits of money appropriated, the commissioner of corrections shall provide model programs for female offenders which respond to statewide needs and geographical areas and shall award grants for the programs. Listed in the order of importance, the programs shall:
(1) respond in a rehabilitative way to the type of offenses female offenders generally commit;
(2) respond to the problems of female offenders with dependent children;
(3) respond to the importance of developing independent living skills;
(4) assist female offenders to overcome their own extreme degree of dependency; and
(5) prepare to offer technical assistance and training toward the implementation of other similar programs when requested by local communities.
Counties shall annually submit a plan to the commissioner of corrections for approval which provides for services to female offenders in their area and which incorporates criteria for model programs established by the commissioner. Counties may agree to cooperate in preparing a joint plan and may submit and administer their plan jointly.
The commissioner of corrections may appoint an advisory task force on the woman and juvenile female offender in corrections. The task force shall have no more than 20 members and shall reflect a statewide geographical representation. The provisions of section 15.059, subdivision 6, shall govern the terms, expenses, and removal of members of the advisory task force. Notwithstanding section 15.059, the advisory task force shall continue until it is terminated by the commissioner.
To assist those counties or agencies that have existing programs for the female offender, and to encourage counties and agencies to develop and implement programs, the commissioner of corrections, from funds appropriated for the purposes of sections 241.70 to 241.73, shall make grants-in-aid in those counties or to agencies electing to participate in the grant program established by sections 241.70 to 241.73. The percent of matching dollars provided by the county or agency for programming established in sections 241.70 to 241.73 shall be determined by the rules of the commissioner adopted under sections 14.22 to 14.28.
To qualify for the grants-in-aid provided under this section, those counties or agencies with existing programs and those counties or agencies that want to participate shall, request that they be allowed to participate and submit an application or respond to a request for proposals in accordance with the provisions of section 241.70, subdivision 2, and the rules of the commissioner. An agency seeking funding for a program to serve female offenders on probation in a Community Corrections Act county shall obtain the endorsement of the county corrections authority before submitting a grant-in-aid application or proposal.
Where several counties or agencies combine to provide one or more of the programs under sections 241.70 to 241.73, the local matching funds shall be borne proportionately by the participating counties or agencies on the basis of need or use as determined by the rules of the commissioner.
The commissioner of corrections shall:
(1) review all county plans for programs for female offenders;
(2) review grant-in-aid applications or proposals for model programs and award grants for programs;
(3) appoint the members of the advisory task force created under section 241.71 and provide staff and other administrative services to the advisory task force;
(4) consult with the state advisory task force on the female offender in corrections before making a choice of the programs to be awarded funding;
(5) monitor the delivery of services provided under grant-in-aid programs for female offenders; and
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), the definitions in chapter 145C apply to this section.
(b) "Health care" means any care, treatment, service, or procedure to maintain, diagnose, or otherwise affect a person's physical or mental condition.
The medical director of the Department of Corrections may make a health care decision for an inmate incarcerated in a state correctional facility if the inmate's attending physician determines that the inmate lacks decision-making capacity and:
(1) there is not a documented health care agent designated by the inmate or the health care agent is not reasonably available to make the health care decision;
(2) if there is a documented health care directive, the decision is consistent with that directive;
(3) the decision is consistent with reasonable medical practice and other applicable law; and
(4) the medical director has made a good faith attempt to consult with the inmate's next of kin or emergency contact person in making the decision, to the extent those persons are reasonably available.
If the medical director consults with an inmate's next of kin under subdivision 2, clause (4), and the inmate's next of kin and the medical director are not in agreement with respect to a health care decision, the commissioner may bring a petition under section 524.5-303 for appointment of a guardian with authority to make health care decisions for the inmate.
The commissioner of corrections shall develop a policy to provide the counseling services listed in subdivision 2 to American Indian inmates of all juvenile and adult state correctional facilities and community-based correctional programs. The commissioner may, within the limits of available money, contract with appropriate American Indian private, nonprofit organizations to provide these counseling services.
The policy shall include, but need not be limited to, providing, within the limits of available money, spiritual and cultural counseling services having the following purposes:
(1) the teaching of good work habits and the development of motivation through work;
(2) the development of cultural pride to improve American Indian self-image;
(3) the development of an understanding of and an adjustment to the cultural differences between American Indians and other ethnic groups;
(4) the development of attitudes of mutual trust, respect, and understanding among American Indian family members;
(5) the fostering of increased availability of medicine men and American Indian spiritual leaders to teach American Indian inmates about American Indian history, cultural sensitivity, and religion;
(6) the involvement of American Indian inmates in those aspects of the correctional system that will aid in their rehabilitation; and
(7) the provision of services to American Indian inmates that will facilitate their reentry into the community.
The commissioner of corrections shall develop an educational assessment to determine the educational status and needs of adults and juveniles in Department of Corrections facilities. The commissioner shall ensure that assessments are conducted on all individuals both upon their admittance and prior to their discharge from a facility. The commissioner shall create a programming plan for individuals on whom an admission assessment was conducted if the individual is admitted to an educational program. The plan must address any special needs identified by the assessment. The commissioner shall also determine methods to measure the educational progress of individuals during their stay at a facility.
The commissioner of corrections shall award a grant to nonprofit organizations that provide one-to-one mentoring relationships to youth enrolled between the ages of seven to 13 whose parent or other significant family member is incarcerated in a county workhouse, county jail, state prison, or other type of correctional facility or is subject to correctional supervision. The intent of the grant is to provide children with adult mentors to strengthen developmental outcomes, including enhanced self-confidence and esteem; improved academic performance; and improved relationships with peers, family, and other adults that may prevent them from entering the juvenile justice system.
As a condition of receiving grants, the grant recipients shall do the following:
(1) collaborate with other organizations that have a demonstrated history of providing services to youth and families in disadvantaged situations;
(2) implement procedures to ensure that 100 percent of the mentors pose no safety risk to the child and have the skills to participate in a mentoring relationship;
(3) provide enhanced training to mentors focusing on asset building and family dynamics when a parent is incarcerated; and
(4) provide an individual family plan and aftercare.
Grant recipients shall submit an evaluation plan to the commissioner delineating the program and student outcome goals and activities implemented to achieve the stated outcomes. The goals must be clearly stated and measurable. Grant recipients shall collect, analyze, and report on participation and outcome data that enable the department to verify that the program goals were met.
(1) "certified doula" has the meaning given in section 148.995, subdivision 2;
(2) "correctional facility" has the meaning given in section 241.021, subdivision 1;
(3) "doula services" has the meaning given in section 148.995, subdivision 4;
(4) "postpartum" means the period of time following the birth of an infant to six months after the birth; and
(5) "restrain" means the use of a mechanical or other device to constrain the movement of a person's body or limbs.
(a) A representative of a correctional facility may not restrain a woman known to be pregnant unless the representative makes an individualized determination that restraints are reasonably necessary for the legitimate safety and security needs of the woman, correctional staff, other inmates, or the public. If restraints are determined to be necessary, the restraints must be the least restrictive available and the most reasonable under the circumstances.
(b) A representative of a correctional facility may not restrain a woman known to be pregnant while the woman is being transported if the restraint is through the use of waist chains or other devices that cross or otherwise touch the woman's abdomen or handcuffs or other devices that cross or otherwise touch the woman's wrists when affixed behind the woman's back. If used, wrist restraints should be applied in such a way that the pregnant woman may be able to protect herself and her fetus in the event of a forward fall.
(c) A representative of a correctional facility may restrain a woman who is in labor or who has given birth within the preceding three days only if:
(1) there is a substantial flight risk or some other extraordinary medical or security circumstance that dictates restraints be used to ensure the safety and security of the woman, the staff of the correctional or medical facility, other inmates, or the public;
(2) the representative has made an individualized determination that restraints are necessary to prevent escape or injury;
(3) there is no objection from the treating medical care provider; and
(4) the restraints used are the least restrictive type and are used in the least restrictive manner.
(d) Section 645.241 does not apply to this section.
The head of each correctional facility shall ensure that staff members of the facility who come in contact with pregnant women incarcerated in the facility are provided training on the provisions of this section.
By February 15 of each year, the commissioner shall report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house of representatives committees and divisions having jurisdiction over criminal justice policy and funding on the use of restraints on pregnant women, women in labor, and women who have given birth in the preceding three days, who are incarcerated in state and local correctional facilities during the preceding calendar year. For reporting purposes, the use of restraints does not include use of handcuffs on the front of the body of a pregnant woman.
This section applies only to a woman:
(1) incarcerated following conviction; or
(a) The head of each correctional facility shall ensure that every woman incarcerated at the facility:
(1) is tested for pregnancy on or before day 14 of incarceration, if under 50 years of age unless the inmate refuses the test;
(2) if pregnant, is provided the prevailing standard of care or current practice by the medical care provider's peer group;
(3) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six weeks, is provided appropriate educational materials and resources related to pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, and parenting;
(4) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six weeks, has access to doula services if these services are provided by a certified doula without charge to the correctional facility or the incarcerated woman pays for the certified doula services;
(5) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six months, has access to a mental health assessment and, if necessary, treatment;
(6) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six months and determined to be suffering from a mental illness, has access to evidence-based mental health treatment including psychotropic medication;
(7) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six months and determined to be suffering from postpartum depression, has access to evidence-based therapeutic care for the depression; and
(8) if pregnant or has given birth in the past six months, is advised, orally or in writing, of applicable laws and policies governing incarcerated pregnant women.
(b) The commissioner of corrections, in consultation with the commissioner of health, may award grants to nonprofit organizations to provide access to doula services by a certified doula in accordance with paragraph (a), clause (4).
The Office of Ombudsperson for the Department of Corrections is hereby created. The ombudsperson shall serve at the pleasure of the governor in the unclassified service, shall be selected without regard to political affiliation, and shall be a person highly competent and qualified to analyze questions of law, administration, and public policy. No person may serve as ombudsperson while holding any other public office. The ombudsperson for corrections shall be accountable to the governor and shall have the authority to investigate decisions, acts, and other matters of the Department of Corrections so as to promote the highest attainable standards of competence, efficiency, and justice in the administration of corrections.
For the purposes of sections 241.90 to 241.95, "administrative agency" or "agency" means any division, official, or employee of the Department of Corrections, including the commissioner of corrections, charged with the care and custody of inmates and any regional or local correctional facility licensed or inspected by the commissioner of corrections, whether public or private, established and operated for the detention and confinement of adults or juveniles, including but not limited to programs or facilities operating under chapter 401, secure juvenile detention facilities, municipal holding facilities, juvenile temporary holdover facilities, regional or local jails, lockups, work houses, work farms, and detention facilities, but does not include:
(1) any court or judge;
(2) any member of the senate or house of representatives;
(3) the governor or the governor's personal staff;
(4) any instrumentality of the federal government;
(5) any interstate compact; or
(6) any person responsible for the supervision of offenders placed on supervised release, parole, or probation.
The ombudsperson may select, appoint, and compensate out of available funds assistants and employees as deemed necessary to discharge responsibilities. The ombudsperson and full-time staff shall be members of the Minnesota State Retirement Association.
The ombudsperson may appoint an assistant ombudsperson in the unclassified service.
The ombudsperson may delegate to staff members any of the ombudsperson's authority or duties except the duty of formally making recommendations to an administrative agency or reports to the Office of the Governor or to the legislature.
The ombudsperson may:
(1) prescribe the methods by which complaints are to be made, reviewed, and acted upon; provided, however, that the ombudsperson may not levy a complaint fee;
(2) determine the scope and manner of investigations to be made;
(3) except as otherwise provided, determine the form, frequency, and distribution of conclusions, recommendations, and proposals; provided, however, that the governor or a representative may, at any time the governor deems necessary, request and receive information from the ombudsperson. Neither the ombudsperson nor any member of the ombudsperson's staff shall be compelled to testify or to produce evidence in any judicial or administrative proceeding with respect to any matter involving the exercise of the ombudsperson's official duties except as may be necessary to enforce the provisions of sections 241.90 to 241.95;
(4) investigate, upon a complaint or upon personal initiative, any action of an administrative agency;
(5) request and be given access to information in the possession of an administrative agency deemed necessary for the discharge of responsibilities;
(6) examine the records and documents of an administrative agency;
(7) enter and inspect, at any time, premises within the control of an administrative agency;
(8) subpoena any person to appear, give testimony, or produce documentary or other evidence that the ombudsperson deems relevant to a matter under inquiry, and may petition the appropriate state court to seek enforcement with the subpoena; provided, however, that any witness at a hearing or before an investigation shall possess the same privileges reserved to a witness in the courts or under the laws of this state;
(9) bring an action in an appropriate state court to provide the operation of the powers provided in this subdivision. The ombudsperson may use the services of legal assistance to Minnesota prisoners for legal counsel. The provisions of sections 241.90 to 241.95 are in addition to other provisions of law under which any remedy or right of appeal or objection is provided for any person, or any procedure provided for inquiry or investigation concerning any matter. Nothing in sections 241.90 to 241.95 shall be construed to limit or affect any other remedy or right of appeal or objection nor shall it be deemed part of an exclusionary process; and
(10) be present at commissioner of corrections parole, supervised release, and parole revocation hearings and deliberations.
No proceeding or civil action except removal from office or a proceeding brought pursuant to chapter 13 shall be commenced against the ombudsperson for actions taken under the provisions of sections 241.90 to 241.95, unless the act or omission is actuated by malice or is grossly negligent.
(a) In selecting matters for attention, the ombudsperson should particularly address actions of an administrative agency that may be:
(1) contrary to law or rule;
(2) unreasonable, unfair, oppressive, or inconsistent with any policy or judgment of an administrative agency;
(3) mistaken in law or arbitrary in the ascertainment of facts;
(4) unclear or inadequately explained when reasons should have been revealed; or
(5) inefficiently performed.
(b) The ombudsperson may also be concerned with strengthening procedures and practices that lessen the risk that objectionable actions of the administrative agency will occur.
(a) The ombudsperson may receive a complaint from any source concerning an action of an administrative agency. The ombudsperson may, on personal motion or at the request of another, investigate any action of an administrative agency.
(b) The ombudsperson may exercise powers without regard to the finality of any action of an administrative agency; however, the ombudsperson may require a complainant to pursue other remedies or channels of complaint open to the complainant before accepting or investigating the complaint.
(c) After completing investigation of a complaint, the ombudsperson shall inform the complainant, the administrative agency, and the official or employee of the action taken.
(d) A letter to the ombudsperson from a person in an institution under the control of an administrative agency shall be forwarded immediately and unopened to the ombudsperson's office. A reply from the ombudsperson to the person shall be promptly delivered unopened to the person after its receipt by the institution.
(e) No complainant shall be punished nor shall the general condition of the complainant's confinement or treatment be unfavorably altered as a result of the complainant having made a complaint to the ombudsperson.
Either the ombudsperson or the jail inspection unit of the Department of Corrections may investigate complaints involving local adult jails and detention facilities. The ombudsperson and Department of Corrections must enter into an arrangement with one another that ensures they are not duplicating services.
(a) If, after duly considering a complaint and whatever material the ombudsperson deems pertinent, the ombudsperson is of the opinion that the complaint is valid, the ombudsperson may recommend that an administrative agency should:
(1) consider the matter further;
(2) modify or cancel its actions;
(3) alter a ruling;
(4) explain more fully the action in question; or
(5) take any other step that the ombudsperson recommends to the administrative agency involved.
If the ombudsperson so requests, the agency shall, within the time the ombudsperson specifies, inform the ombudsperson about the action taken on the ombudsperson's recommendations or the reasons for not complying with it.
(b) If the ombudsperson has reason to believe that any public official or employee has acted in a manner warranting criminal or disciplinary proceedings, the ombudsperson may refer the matter to the appropriate authorities.
(c) If the ombudsperson believes that an action upon which a valid complaint is founded has been dictated by a statute, and that the statute produces results or effects that are unfair or otherwise objectionable, the ombudsperson shall bring to the attention of the governor and the legislature the ombudsperson's view concerning desirable statutory change.
Notwithstanding section 13.384 or 13.85, the ombudsperson has access to corrections and detention data and medical data maintained by an agency and classified as private data on individuals or confidential data on individuals when access to the data is necessary for the ombudsperson to perform the powers under section 241.93.
The ombudsperson may publish conclusions and suggestions by transmitting them to the Office of the Governor. Before announcing a conclusion or recommendation that expressly or impliedly criticizes an administrative agency or any person, the ombudsperson shall consult with that agency or person. When publishing an opinion adverse to an administrative agency or any person, the ombudsperson shall include in the publication any statement of reasonable length made to the ombudsperson by that agency or person in defense or mitigation of the action.
In addition to whatever reports the ombudsperson may make on an ad hoc basis, the ombudsperson shall report to the governor and the senate and house committee chairs and ranking minority members for the committees and divisions with fiscal and policy jurisdiction over public safety and corrections at the end of each year on the ombudsperson's functions during the preceding year.