By January 1, 1992, the head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall establish and enforce a written policy governing the use of force, including deadly force, as defined in section 609.066, by peace officers and part-time peace officers employed by the agency. The policy must be consistent with the provisions of section 609.066, subdivision 2, and may not prohibit the use of deadly force under circumstances in which that force is justified under section 609.066, subdivision 2.
(a) By September 1, 2020, the board, in consultation with interested parties, shall adopt an updated comprehensive written model policy on the use of force, including deadly force, by peace officers, and distribute this policy to the chief law enforcement officer of every law enforcement agency in the state. The model policy must recognize and respect the sanctity and value of all human life and the need to treat everyone with dignity and without prejudice. At a minimum, the policy must include:
(1) a duty for peace officers to intercede when present and observing another peace officer using force that is clearly beyond what is objectively reasonable under the law and the particular circumstances of the case, and in a position to do so;
(2) a duty for peace officers to report any illegal use of force by another peace officer to the officer's chief law enforcement officer; and
(3) a duty for peace officers to only use deadly force including techniques that are restricted by section 609.06, subdivision 3, as authorized in section 609.066. However, even in those circumstances, the policy must require that less lethal measures be considered first by the officer.
(b) The board shall incorporate all applicable standards in sections 609.06, subdivision 3, and 609.066, even if a standard has a delayed effective date. The revised model policy shall clearly identify the effective date of provisions with an effective date beyond September 1, 2020.
(c) By December 15, 2020, the chief law enforcement officer of every state and local law enforcement agency must update the policy required under subdivision 1 so that it is identical or substantially similar to the model policy developed by the board under this subdivision. The board must assist the chief law enforcement officer of each state and local law enforcement agency in developing and implementing policies under this subdivision.
Beginning January 1, 1992, the head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall provide instruction on the use of force, deadly force, and the use of firearms to every peace officer and part-time peace officer newly appointed by or beginning employment with the agency. This instruction must occur before the agency head issues a firearm to the officer or otherwise authorizes the officer to carry a firearm in the course of employment. The instruction must be based on the agency's written policy required in subdivision 1 and on the instructional materials required by the board for peace officer and part-time peace officer licensure.
Beginning January 1, 1992, the head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall provide the instruction described in subdivision 2 to every peace officer and part-time peace officer currently employed by the agency. This instruction must be provided at least once a year.
The head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall maintain written records of the agency's compliance with the requirements of subdivisions 1a, 2, and 3.
The board has authority to inspect state and local law enforcement agency policies to ensure compliance with this section. The board may conduct this inspection based upon a complaint it receives about a particular agency or through a random selection process. The board may impose licensing sanctions and seek injunctive relief under section 214.11 for failure to comply with the requirements of this section.
Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes