|239.001||CITATION; METRIC IMPLEMENTATION AND STANDARDS ACT.|
|239.002||PURPOSE AND POLICY.|
|239.003||IMPLEMENTATION RULES; COMMISSIONER OF ADMINISTRATION.|
|239.004||[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 9 art 10 s 14]|
|WEIGHTS AND MEASURES DIVISION|
|239.01||WEIGHTS AND MEASURES DIVISION; JURISDICTION.|
|239.011||DIVISION RESPONSIBILITIES AND POWERS.|
|239.012||SYSTEMS OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES; RULES.|
|239.02||DIRECTOR; DEPUTIES, EMPLOYEES.|
|239.03||[Superseded by Minnesota Statutes, chapter 43.]|
|239.04||[Repealed, 1971 c 25 s 45; 1976 c 2 s 163]|
|239.05||Subdivisions renumbered, repealed, or no longer in effect|
|239.07||[Repealed, 1991 c 198 s 12]|
|239.08||[Repealed, 1991 c 198 s 12]|
|239.081||INSPECTING TRACK SCALE.|
|239.09||SPECIAL POLICE POWERS.|
|239.091||METHOD OF SALE.|
|239.092||SALE FROM BULK.|
|239.093||INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH PACKAGE.|
|239.094||PACKAGED COMMODITY; ADVERTISING FOR SALE.|
|239.12||[Repealed, 2004 c 189 s 5]|
|239.13||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.14||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.15||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.16||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.17||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.18||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.19||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.20||[Repealed, 1977 c 364 s 20]|
|239.21||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.22||[Repealed, 1949 c 549 s 7]|
|239.225||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.24||HINDERING OFFICIAL; MISDEMEANOR.|
|239.25||[Repealed, 2004 c 189 s 5]|
|239.26||[Repealed, 1974 c 347 s 17]|
|239.27||[Repealed, 1980 c 509 s 94]|
|STANDARD MEASURES, CONTAINERS|
|239.32||STANDARD WEIGHT OF BUSHEL.|
|239.33||STANDARD MEASUREMENTS OF WOOD.|
|239.34||STANDARD WEIGHT OF COAL AND CHARCOAL.|
|239.35||STANDARD WEIGHT OF FLOUR.|
|239.37||[Repealed, 1991 c 198 s 12]|
|239.39||[Repealed, 1975 c 313 s 24]|
|239.40||[Repealed, 1975 c 313 s 24]|
|239.41||[Repealed, 1975 c 313 s 24]|
|239.42||[Repealed, 1975 c 313 s 24]|
|239.43||[Repealed, 1975 c 313 s 24]|
|239.45||[Repealed, 1976 c 239 s 75]|
|239.46||FINES CREDITED TO SCHOOL FUNDS.|
|239.51||STANDARD WEIGHTS OF CERTAIN CONTAINERS.|
|239.511||CONTAINERS FOR SMALL FRUITS.|
|239.52||[Repealed, 1993 c 369 s 146]|
|239.521||[Repealed, 1981 c 357 s 115]|
|239.53||USING FALSE WEIGHT OR MEASURE.|
|AMMONIA, MOTOR OIL, BATTERIES|
|239.54||INSPECTION OF MOTOR OIL AND AUTOMOTIVE BATTERY RETAILERS.|
|239.75||INSPECTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS.|
|239.751||PETROLEUM DISPENSER, PRICE, LABEL, AND SIGN.|
|239.752||STORAGE TANK MARKING; RETAIL LOCATION.|
|239.753||ENTRY UPON PREMISES AND ACCESS TO RECORDS.|
|239.754||NOTIFICATION OF PRODUCT UNAVAILABILITY; TERMINAL OPERATORS.|
|239.76||[Repealed, 1992 c 575 s 54]|
|239.761||PETROLEUM PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS.|
|239.77||BIODIESEL CONTENT MANDATE.|
|239.771||DISTRIBUTOR EXPENSE REIMBURSEMENT.|
|239.78||[Repealed, 1993 c 369 s 146]|
|239.785||LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS SALE; ACCOUNT; PENALTIES.|
|239.79||PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; TRANSACTION REQUIREMENTS.|
|239.7911||PETROLEUM REPLACEMENT PROMOTION.|
|239.792||AUTOMOTIVE FUEL RATINGS, CERTIFICATION, AND POSTING.|
In recognition of the facts that (1) only about one dozen countries in the world have not yet adopted or begun to implement the metric system of weights and measures; (2) the United States is one, and the only major industrialized nation, of that remaining number; (3) the secretary of commerce of the United States, pursuant to a two-year study under the Metric Study Act of 1968, has recommended that the United States now begin a deliberate change to the metric system; (4) economists and other students of international trade recognize the pressing necessity of such a change if this country is to maintain and improve its rightful place in the world trade community; and (5) as the continued economic growth of this state and its local industry is inextricably linked with the ability of the United States to hold and competitively serve foreign export markets, it is, therefore, declared to be in the best interest of the state of Minnesota and its citizens that this state now begin the gradual but deliberate implementation of the metric system of weights and measures.
1974 c 474 s 2; 1986 c 444
(a) The commissioner of administration shall have general supervisory authority over the implementation of the metric system in the state of Minnesota.
(b) The commissioner of administration shall promulgate such rules as may be necessary to plan for the gradual implementation in the commerce of this state the metric system of weights and measures. The rules promulgated by the commissioner of administration pursuant to this subdivision shall:
(1) provide for the full conversion of the commerce of this state to the metric system when this system has been fully adopted as national standards by the Congress of the United States; and
(2) insure that all state departments, divisions, agencies, boards, and commissions having any authority and/or responsibility in matters concerning standards of weights and measurement in this state shall forthwith initiate planning for the gradual conversion to and implementation of the metric system of weights and measures in this state.
The Weights and Measures Division, referred to in this chapter as the division, is created under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce. The division has supervision and control over all weights, weighing devices, and measures in the state.
The division shall:
(1) ensure that weights and measures in commercial service within the state are suitable for their intended use, properly installed, accurate, and properly maintained by their owners or users;
(2) prevent unfair or deceptive dealing by weight or measure in a commodity or service advertised, packaged, sold, or purchased within the state;
(3) make the precision calibration and related metrological certification capabilities of the division available to users of physical standards or weighing and measuring equipment;
(4) promote uniformity, to the extent practicable and desirable, between the weights and measures requirements of Minnesota and those of other states and federal agencies; and
(5) adopt weights and measures requirements that will protect consumers, promote equity between buyers and sellers, and encourage desirable economic growth.
To carry out the responsibilities in section 239.01 and subdivision 1, the director:
(1) shall take charge of, keep, and maintain in good order the standard of weights and measures of the state and keep a seal so formed as to impress, when appropriate, the letters "MINN" and the date of sealing upon the weights and measures that are sealed;
(2) has general supervision of the weights, measures, and weighing and measuring devices offered for sale, sold, or in use in the state;
(3) shall maintain traceability of the state standards to the national standards of the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
(4) shall enforce this chapter;
(5) shall grant variances from department rules, within the limits set by rule, when appropriate to maintain good commercial practices or when enforcement of the rules would cause undue hardship;
(6) shall conduct investigations to ensure compliance with this chapter;
(7) may delegate to division personnel the responsibilities, duties, and powers contained in this section;
(8) shall test annually, and approve when found to be correct, the standards of weights and measures used by the division, by a town, statutory or home rule charter city, or county within the state, or by a person using standards to repair, adjust, or calibrate commercial weights and measures;
(9) shall inspect and test weights and measures kept, offered, or exposed for sale;
(10) shall inspect and test, to ascertain if they are correct, weights and measures commercially used to:
(i) determine the weight, measure, or count of commodities or things sold, offered, or exposed for sale, on the basis of weight, measure, or count; and
(ii) compute the basic charge or payment for services rendered on the basis of weight, measure, or count;
(11) shall approve for use and mark weights and measures that are found to be correct;
(12) shall reject, and mark as rejected, weights and measures that are found to be incorrect and may seize them if those weights and measures:
(i) are not corrected within the time specified by the director;
(ii) are used or disposed of in a manner not specifically authorized by the director; or
(iii) are found to be both incorrect and not capable of being made correct, in which case the director shall condemn those weights and measures;
(13) shall weigh, measure, or inspect packaged commodities kept, offered, or exposed for sale, sold, or in the process of delivery, to determine whether they contain the amount represented and whether they are kept, offered, or exposed for sale in accordance with this chapter and department rules. In carrying out this section, the director must employ recognized sampling procedures, such as those contained in National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 133, "Checking the Net Contents of Packaged Goods";
(14) shall prescribe the appropriate term or unit of weight or measure to be used for a specific commodity when an existing term or declaration of quantity does not facilitate value comparisons by consumers, or creates an opportunity for consumer confusion;
(15) shall allow reasonable variations from the stated quantity of contents, including variations caused by loss or gain of moisture during the course of good distribution practice or by unavoidable deviations in good manufacturing practice, only after the commodity has entered commerce within the state;
(16) shall inspect and test petroleum products in accordance with this chapter and chapter 296A;
(19) shall provide metrological services and support to businesses and individuals in the United States who wish to market products and services in the member nations of the European Economic Community, and other nations outside of the United States by:
(i) meeting, to the extent practicable, the measurement quality assurance standards described in the International Standards Organization ISO 17025;
(ii) maintaining, to the extent practicable, certification of the metrology laboratory by an internationally accepted accrediting body such as the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP); and
(iii) providing calibration and consultation services to metrology laboratories in government and private industry in the United States.
(a) The annual testing and inspection requirements for liquefied petroleum gas-measuring equipment, as set forth in section 239.10, subdivision 3, shall be deemed to have been met by an owner or seller who has testing and inspection performed annually in compliance with this subdivision. The testing and inspection must meet the following requirements:
(1) all equipment subject to inspection and testing requirements must be inspected and tested annually;
(2) inspection testing must only be done by persons who have demonstrated to the director that they are competent to inspect and test liquefied petroleum gas-measuring equipment. Competency may be established by passage of a competency examination, which the director must establish, or by other recognized credentialing processes approved by the director. Persons taking tests established by the director may be charged for the costs of the testing procedure;
(3) testing and inspection procedures must comply with inspection protocol, which must be established by the director. The director may use existing protocol or recognize any other scientifically established and recognized protocol;
(4) persons who inspect or test liquefied petroleum gas-measuring equipment must use testing equipment that meets any specifications issued by the director;
(5) equipment used for testing and inspection must be submitted to the director for calibration by the division whenever ordered by the director; and
(6) all inspectors, equipment, and inspection protocol must comply with all relevant requirements of Minnesota Statutes, department rules, and written procedures issued by the director.
(b) Owners or sellers of liquefied petroleum gas may perform their own tests and inspections or have employees do so as long as they meet the requirements of this subdivision. Persons performing inspection and testing may also perform repairs and maintenance on inspected equipment if authorized by the owner. However, they shall not be allowed to take equipment out of service.
(c) Inspectors shall tag meters that fail the testing process as "out of tolerance." For equipment that has passed inspection, the inspector shall provide to the owner or seller a seal indicating that the equipment has been inspected and the date of the inspection. Whenever an inspector issues a seal to an owner or seller, the inspector shall submit to the director written verification that the equipment was tested by procedures and testing equipment meeting the requirements of this subdivision. The director shall issue seals (stickers) to inspectors for the purposes of this subdivision. The issuance of a seal to an owner or seller establishes only that the equipment was inspected by a certified inspector using qualified equipment and procedures, and that the equipment was found to be within allowable tolerance on the date tested.
The system of weights and measures in customary use in the United States and the metric system of weights and measures are both recognized. One or both of these systems must be used for commercial purposes in the state.
The department shall adopt by rule definitions of basic units of weights and measures, tables of weights and measures, and weights and measures equivalents to govern weighing and measuring equipment and transactions in the state.
The department shall appoint in accordance with chapter 43A, a director of weights and measures and such deputies and other employees as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.
[Renumbered subd 6e]
[Renumbered subd 9b]
[Renumbered subd 9c]
The terms used in this chapter have the meanings given them in this section.
"ASTM" means the American Society for Testing and Materials, a private organization that utilizes committees of industry representatives and regulators to develop product quality standards and test methods to be used by industries, regulatory agencies, and purchasing agents.
"ASTM specification" means a standard quality specification developed and published by the American Society for Testing and Materials. Each specification includes references to standard test methods, also developed and published by ASTM.
For the purpose of enforcing the gasoline octane requirements in section 239.792, "automotive fuel" has the meaning given it in Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, section 306.0.
"Collector vehicle" means a motor vehicle for which the commissioner of public safety has issued a pioneer license, classic car license, collector license, or street rod license under section 168.10, or a motor vehicle registered as a collector vehicle in another state.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Commerce.
"Correct," when used in connection with weights and measures, means conformance with the applicable requirements of this chapter, and rules adopted under the authority granted by this chapter.
"Department" means the Department of Commerce.
"Director" means the director of the Division of Weights and Measures of the Department of Commerce.
"Dispenser" means a device designed to measure and deliver liquid petroleum products used as fuel.
"Distributor" means a person who is licensed by the Department of Revenue, under the requirements of section 296A.03, to manufacture, refine, receive, distribute, sell, or use petroleum products in Minnesota.
"Division" means the Division of Weights and Measures of the Department of Commerce.
"EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
"Ethanol blender" means a person who blends and distributes, transports, sells, or offers to sell gasoline containing ethanol.
"Metrology" means the science and practice of precise measurement, including measurement of mass, length, volume, and temperature.
"Mooring facility" has the meaning given it in section 86A.20, subdivision 3.
"Net weight" means the weight of a commodity excluding materials, substances, or items not considered to be part of the commodity. Materials, substances, or items not considered to be part of the commodity include, but are not limited to, containers, conveyances, bags, wrappers, packaging materials, labels, individual piece coverings, decorative accompaniments, and coupons.
"Oxygenate" means agriculturally derived, denatured ethanol, ETBE, MTBE, or other alcohol or ether, approved as an oxygenate by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
"Oxygenated gasoline" means gasoline that has been blended with agriculturally derived denatured ethanol or with another oxygenate approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
"Package" means a commodity put up or packaged in advance of sale in units suitable for either wholesale or retail sale.
"Person," means person or persons, corporation, partnership, stock company, society, association, or the agent or employee thereof.
"Person responsible for the product" means a person or persons, corporation, partnership, stock company, society, association, or its agent or employee who processes, blends, holds, stores, imports, transfers, distributes, offers for sale or use, or sells petroleum products in Minnesota and who possesses petroleum products at the time they are sampled or inspected by the director.
"Petroleum product" and "product" mean all of the products defined in section 296A.01, subdivisions 2, 7, 8, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 22 to 26, 28, 32, and 35.
"Primary standards" means the physical standards of the state that serve as the legal reference from which all other standards and weights and measures are derived.
"Refinery" or "terminal" means a petroleum refinery, pipeline terminal, river terminal, storage facility, or other point of origin where petroleum products are manufactured, or imported by rail, truck, barge, or pipe; and held, stored, transferred, offered for distribution, distributed, offered for sale, or sold. For the purpose of restricting petroleum product blending, this definition includes all refineries and terminals within and outside of Minnesota, but does not include a licensed distributor's bulk storage facility that is used to store petroleum products for which the petroleum inspection fee charged under this chapter is either not due or has been paid.
"Sale from bulk" means the sale of commodities when the quantity is determined at the time of the sale.
"Sample" means a sample of a petroleum product taken from a dispenser or storage tank by the division or a sample of a petroleum product provided to the division by a licensed distributor.
"Secondary standards" means the physical standards that are used in enforcing weights and measures laws. These standards must be traceable to the primary standards.
"Traceability" and "traceable" mean:
(1) the ability to relate individual measurement results, through an unbroken chain of calibrations, to the United States national standards maintained by the United States Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology; and
(2) the ability to produce evidence on a continuing basis to demonstrate that the measurement processes used by the division are producing results within the limits of uncertainty designated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
"Weight" means net weight when it is used in connection with a commodity sold by weight.
"Weights and measures" mean weights and measures of every kind, instruments and devices for weighing and measuring, and appliances and accessories associated with these instruments and devices.
(5283, 5285-11) 1911 c 156 s 12; 1935 c 216 s 1; 1949 c 549 s 1,2; 1Sp1981 c 4 art 1 s 97; 1991 c 198 s 5; 1992 c 575 s 3-22,53; 1994 c 510 art 5 s 1; 1996 c 354 s 1-7; 1998 c 299 s 30; 1Sp2001 c 4 art 6 s 77; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 4 s 60,61,123; 2008 c 297 art 1 s 47
The department shall prescribe and adopt such rules as it may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and it may change, modify, or amend any or all rules when deemed necessary and the rules so made shall have the force and effect of law.
The department shall supervise and inspect all track scales, and may direct any carrier to transport, move, and switch to any track scale free of charge any car used in the inspection and testing of scales. The department shall require the installation and maintenance of track scales at terminals, warehouses, and at other points in the state where scales are deemed necessary. The department shall prescribe reasonable rules for the weighing of railroad cars and of freight. Rules of the department promulgated under chapter 218 and in effect on January 1, 1976, which pertain to installation or inspection of track scales or the weighing of railroad cars and freight shall continue in effect until amended or repealed by the department.
When necessary to enforce this chapter or rules adopted under the authority granted by section 239.06, the director is:
(2) empowered to seize for use as evidence and without formal warrant, any false weight, measure, weighing or measuring device, package, or commodity found to be used, retained, or offered or exposed for sale or sold in violation of law;
(3) during normal business hours, authorized to enter commercial premises;
(4) if the premises are not open to the public, authorized to enter commercial premises only after presenting credentials and obtaining consent or after obtaining a search warrant;
(5) empowered to issue stop-use, hold, and removal orders with respect to weights and measures commercially used, and packaged commodities or bulk commodities kept, offered, or exposed for sale, that do not comply with the weights and measures laws;
(6) empowered, upon reasonable suspicion of a violation of the weights and measures laws, to stop a commercial vehicle and, after presentation of credentials, inspect the contents of the vehicle, require that the person in charge of the vehicle produce documents concerning the contents, and require the person to proceed with the vehicle to some specified place for inspection; and
(7) empowered, after written warning, to issue citations of not less than $100 and not more than $500 to a person who violates any provision of this chapter, any provision of the rules adopted under the authority contained in this chapter, or any provision of statutes enforced by the Division of Weights and Measures.
The method of sale for a commodity must provide an accurate and adequate quantity of information that will allow the buyer to make price and quantity comparisons. The department may adopt rules to administer this section.
(a) Bulk sales of commodities, when the buyer and seller are not both present to witness the measurement, must be accompanied by a delivery ticket containing the following information:
(1) the name and address of the person who weighed or measured the commodity;
(2) the date delivered;
(3) the quantity delivered;
(4) the count of individually wrapped packages delivered, if more than one is included in the quantity delivered;
(5) the quantity on which the price is based, if different than the quantity delivered; and
(6) the identity of the commodity in the most descriptive terms commercially practicable, including representations of quality made in connection with the sale.
(b) This section is not intended to conflict with the bulk sale requirements of the Department of Agriculture. If a conflict occurs, the law and rules of the Department of Agriculture govern.
(c) Firewood sold or distributed across state boundaries or more than 100 miles from its origin must include delivery ticket information regarding the harvest locations of the wood by county and state.
(a) A package offered, exposed, or held for sale must bear a clear and conspicuous declaration of:
(1) the identity of the commodity in the package, unless the commodity can be easily identified through the wrapper or container;
(2) the net quantity in terms of weight, measure, or count;
(3) the name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor, if the packages were not produced on the premises where they are offered, exposed, or held for sale; and
(4) the unit price, if the packages are part of a lot containing random weight packages of the same commodity.
(b) This section is not intended to conflict with the packaging requirements of the Department of Agriculture. If a conflict occurs, the laws and rules of the Department of Agriculture govern.
(c) Firewood sold or distributed across state boundaries or more than 100 miles from its origin must include information regarding the harvest locations of the wood by county and state on each label or wrapper.
When a packaged commodity is advertised with its retail price, the quantity declaration that appears on the package must also appear in the advertisement.
The director shall inspect light capacity scales in retail establishments such as grocery stores, other retail food establishments, or hardware stores, not more often than once every 36 months except when (1) the owner requests an inspection, (2) when the scale is inspected as part of an investigation, or (3) when the scale has been repaired.
The director shall inspect packaged food commodities in grocery stores and other retail food establishments not more often than once every 36 months except when (1) the owner requests an inspection or (2) when packages are inspected as part of an investigation.
The director shall inspect all weights and measures, except those specified in subdivisions 1 and 2, annually, or as often as deemed possible within budget and staff limitations.
(5282) 1911 c 156 s 11; 1915 c 281 s 1; 1969 c 399 s 1; 1969 c 1031 s 11; 1971 c 25 s 44,67; 1971 c 74 s 10; 1977 c 364 s 15; 1981 c 357 s 76; 1983 c 301 s 175; 1984 c 654 art 3 s 79; 1987 c 268 art 14 s 1; 1993 c 369 s 71; 1Sp2001 c 4 art 6 s 71
The department shall recover the amount appropriated to the weights and measures program through revenue from two separate fee systems under subdivisions 2 and 3, and according to the fee-setting and cost-recovery requirements in subdivisions 4, 5, and 6.
The director shall charge a fee to the owner for inspecting and testing weights and measures, providing metrology services and consultation, and providing petroleum quality assurance tests at the request of a licensed distributor. Money collected by the director must be paid into the state treasury and credited to the state general fund.
(a) An inspection fee is imposed (1) on petroleum products when received by the first licensed distributor, and (2) on petroleum products received and held for sale or use by any person when the petroleum products have not previously been received by a licensed distributor. The petroleum inspection fee is $1 for every 1,000 gallons received. The commissioner of revenue shall collect the fee. The revenue from 81 cents of the fee is appropriated to the commissioner of commerce for the cost of operations of the Division of Weights and Measures, petroleum supply monitoring, and to make grants to providers of low-income weatherization services to install renewable energy equipment in households that are eligible for weatherization assistance under Minnesota's weatherization assistance program state plan. The remainder of the fee must be deposited in the general fund.
(b) The commissioner of revenue shall credit a person for inspection fees previously paid in error or for any material exported or sold for export from the state upon filing of a report as prescribed by the commissioner of revenue.
(c) The commissioner of revenue may collect the inspection fee along with any taxes due under chapter 296A.
The department shall review its schedule of inspection fees at the end of each six months.
When the department estimates that inspection costs will exceed the revenue from the fee, the commissioner shall notify the commissioner of finance. The commissioner of finance shall then request a fee increase from the legislature.
The cost of inspection activities and services not specified in subdivisions 2 and 3, including related overhead costs, must be equitably apportioned and recovered by the fees.
Any person who shall offer or expose for sale, sell or use, or possess a false scale, weight or measure, or weighing or measuring device, or any weight or measure or weighing or measuring device which has not been sealed as provided by sections 239.01 to 239.10, or use the same in the buying or selling of any commodity or thing; or who shall dispose of any condemned weight, measure, or weighing or measuring device, or remove any tag placed thereon by any authorized employee of the division, or sell or offer or expose for sale less than the quantity represented; or sell or offer or expose for sale any such commodities in the manner contrary to law; or sell or offer for sale or possess for the purpose of selling, any device or instrument to be used to, or calculated to, falsify any weight or measure, or refuse to pay any fee charged for testing and sealing or condemning any scale, weight, or measure, or weighing or measuring device, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Any person hindering, impeding, or restricting in any way any employee of the division while in the performance of official duty shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
The standard measure of capacity for commodities sold by dry measure shall be the bushel containing 2150.42 cubic inches. The half bushel, peck, half peck, quarter peck, quart, and pint shall be derived by successively dividing that measure by two.
The standard measure of capacity for liquids shall be the wine gallon, containing 231 cubic inches; and 31.50 gallons shall constitute a barrel, except for fermented malt liquors which shall be a barrel of 31 gallons, and 63 gallons a hogshead.
The standard measure of length, from which all other measures of extension, lineal, superficial, or solid, shall be derived, is the yard, of three feet, or 36 inches.
In contracts for the sale of goods or commodities, the term "hundredweight" shall mean 100 pounds avoirdupois.
In contracts for the sale of any of the following articles, the term "bushel" shall mean the number of pounds avoirdupois herein stated: corn, in ear, 70; beans (except lima beans, scarlet runner pole beans, white runner pole beans and broad windsor beans), smooth peas, wheat, clover seed, Irish potatoes and alfalfa, 60; broom corn seed and sorghum seed, 57; shelled corn (except sweet corn), rye, lima beans, flaxseed and wrinkled peas, 56; sweet potatoes and turnips, 55; onions and rutabagas, 52; buckwheat, hempseed, rapeseed, beets, green apples, walnuts, rhubarb, hickory nuts, chestnuts, tomatoes, scarlet runner pole beans and white runner pole beans, 50; barley, millet, Hungarian grass seed, sweet corn, cucumbers and peaches, 48; broad windsor beans, 47; carrots, timothy seed and pears, 45; parsnips, 42; spelt or spilts, 40; cranberries, 36; oats and bottom onion-sets, 32; dried apples, dried peaches and top onion-sets, 28; peanuts, 22; blue grass, orchard grass and redtop seed, 14; plastering hair, unwashed, 8; plastering hair, washed, 4; lime, 80; but if sold by the barrel the weight shall be 200 pounds. In contracts for the sale of green apples, the term "bushel" shall mean 2150.42 cubic inches.
In all contracts for sale of wood the term "cord" shall mean 128 cubic feet of wood, bark, and air, if cut in four-foot lengths; and if the sale is of "sawed wood," a cord shall mean 110 cubic feet when ranked, or 160 cubic feet when thrown irregularly or loosely into a conveyance for delivery to the purchaser; and if the sale is of "sawed and split wood," a cord shall mean 120 cubic feet, when ranked, and 175 cubic feet when thrown irregularly and loosely into a conveyance for delivery. If a measurement is made by weight, the term "cord" or any other term used to describe freshly cut wood shall be based on 79 cubic feet of solid wood content per cord. The weight per cord may vary by species or species group. In case of any dispute when the parties have not otherwise agreed in writing to the weight per cord by species or species group, the weight most recently established by the commissioner of natural resources prevails.
In all contracts for sale of wood, the term "board foot" means 144 cubic inches of wood measured in any combination of length, thickness, and width. If a measurement or scale is made of logs, Scribner's decimal C rule is the standard rule for determining board feet log scale. When measuring or scaling logs, each log must be scaled individually by the largest number of even feet in its length above eight and under 24 feet. All logs of 24 feet or more in length must be scaled as two or more logs. This section does not apply to finished lumber measured in nominal dimensions.
In all contracts for the sale of coal, charcoal, and ice, the term "ton" shall mean 2,000 pounds. A sale of coal and charcoal, except by weight, is hereby prohibited.
In all contracts for the sale of flour, the term "barrel" shall mean 196 net pounds avoirdupois.
All contracts for the sale of a fractional part of a bushel, barrel, ton, or cord of any article or commodity on which the legal weight or measurement per bushel, barrel, ton, or cord has been established, shall require and mean a like fractional part of the legal and established weight or measurement per bushel, barrel, ton, or cord.
Every person who shall buy, sell, or dispose of any goods or commodities by an unsealed weight, measure, or scale kept by the person, or shall knowingly use any such weight, measure, or scale which has been sealed, but is incorrect, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; but no contract of sale shall thereby be rendered void.
Whoever in buying shall take any greater number of pounds or cubic feet to the bushel, barrel, ton, or cord, as the case may be, than is allowed and provided in sections 239.28 to 239.36, or in selling, shall give any less number, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, corporation, company, cooperative society, or organization to pack for sale, sell, offer or expose for sale in this state any of the following commodities except in containers of net avoirdupois weights of 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 pounds, and multiples of 100 pounds: wheat flour, self-rising wheat flour, phosphated wheat flour, bromated flour, enriched flour, enriched self-rising flour, enriched bromated flour, corn flour, corn meals, hominy, and hominy grits.
(b) The provisions of this section shall not apply to:
(1) the retailing of flours, meals, hominy, and hominy grits direct to the consumer from bulk stock;
(2) the sale of flours and meals to commercial bakers or blenders in containers of more than 100 pounds or for export;
(3) flours, meals, hominy, and hominy grits packed in containers the net contents of which are less than three pounds;
(4) the exchange of wheat for flour by mills grinding for toll.
Any violation of this section constitutes a misdemeanor.
1945 c 295
It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, or give away, any containers for the distribution of berries or small fruits in less quantities than one bushel, unless the containers are of the capacity of one quart, one pint, or one-half pint, or multiples of a quart standard dry measure, and all sales of raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, currants, gooseberries, strawberries, and similar berries, and all plums, cherries, and similar small fruit, in less quantities than one bushel shall be by dry measure, or in containers as above specified. The possession of containers for berries or small fruit shall be presumptive evidence that they were to be used for distribution. This subdivision shall not require containers as above specified when such berries and small fruits are picked by the consumer on the grower's property.
In no case shall such containers be refilled for use in the sale of berries or small fruits of any kind whatsoever.
Any person violating the provisions of subdivisions 1 and 2 shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and punished by a penalty of not less than $10 nor more than $100 or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than ten nor more than 90 days.
Every person who shall injure or defraud another by using, with knowledge that the same is false, a false weight, measure, or other apparatus for determining the quantity of any commodity or article of merchandise, or by knowingly delivering less than the quantity represented; or who shall retain any weight or measure, knowing it to be false, unless it appears beyond a reasonable doubt that it was so retained without intent to use it, or permit it to be used in violation of the foregoing provisions of this section; or who shall knowingly mark or stamp false or short weights or false tare on any cask or package, or knowingly sell or offer for sale any cask or package so marked, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
Anhydrous ammonia may be sold at the retail level to any buyer using a temperature correctable liquid meter.
The division shall produce, print, and distribute the notices required by sections 325E.11 and 325E.115 and shall inspect all places where motor oil and motor oil filters are offered for sale by persons subject to section 325E.11 and where lead acid batteries are offered for sale at retail subject to section 325E.115 at least once every two years to determine compliance with those sections. In performing its duties under this section the division may inspect any place, building, or premises governed by sections 325E.11 and 325E.115. Authorized employees of the division may issue warnings and citations to persons who fail to comply with the requirements of those sections.
The director shall:
(1) take samples, free of charge, of petroleum products wherever processed, blended, held, stored, imported, transferred, offered for sale or use, or sold in Minnesota, limiting each sample to one-half gallon;
(2) inspect and test petroleum product samples according to the methods of ASTM or other valid test methods adopted by rule, to determine whether the products comply with the specifications in section 239.761;
(3) inspect petroleum product storage tanks to ensure that the products are free from water and impurities;
(4) inspect and test samples submitted to the department by a licensed distributor, making the test results available to the distributor;
(5) inspect the labeling, price posting, and price advertising of petroleum product dispensers and advertising signs at businesses or locations where petroleum products are sold, offered for sale or use, or dispensed into motor vehicles;
(6) maintain records of all inspections and tests according to the records retention policies of the Department of Administration;
(8) publish test data and information to assist persons who use, produce, distribute, or sell petroleum-based heating and engine fuels;
(10) after consulting with the commissioner, grant a temporary exemption from the gasoline-ethanol blending requirements in section 239.791 if the supply of ethanol is insufficient to produce gasoline-ethanol blends;
(11) after consulting with the commissioner, grant a temporary exemption from the diesel-biodiesel blending requirements in section 239.77, if the supply of biodiesel is insufficient to produce diesel-biodiesel blends; and
(12) adopt, as an enforcement policy for the division, reasonable margins of uncertainty for the tests used to determine compliance with the specifications in section 239.761, the oxygen percentages in section 239.791, and the octane requirements in section 239.792 and apply the margins of uncertainty to only tests performed by the division, not by adding the margins to uncertainties in tests performed by any person responsible for the product.
When a sample does not comply with the specifications in section 239.761, the director shall reject the noncomplying product from which the sample was taken and employ any or all of the following actions to prohibit sale of the noncomplying product:
(1) issue a stop sale order to a person responsible for the product;
(2) reject and mark as rejected the pumps, meters, or other dispensers from which the noncomplying product was obtained;
(3) seal and mark as sealed the storage tanks from which the noncomplying product was obtained;
(4) issue a citation;
(5) request that a city or county attorney draft a misdemeanor complaint;
(6) when a product fails to comply with the specifications and when use of the product does not endanger the public health or safety or adversely affect the emissions characteristics of the equipment in which it is used, advise the person responsible for the product that the product must be blended with another product to bring it into compliance.
After a petroleum-based engine fuel is purchased, transferred, or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal, the person responsible for the product shall:
(1) keep the product free from contamination with water and impurities;
(2) not blend the product with dissimilar petroleum products, for example, gasoline must not be blended with diesel fuel;
(3) not blend the product with any contaminant, dye, chemical, or additive, except:
(i) agriculturally derived, denatured ethanol that complies with the specifications in this chapter;
(ii) an antiknock additive, or an additive designed to replace tetra-ethyl lead, that is registered by the EPA;
(iii) a dye to distinguish heating fuel from low sulfur diesel fuel; or
(iv) biodiesel fuel that complies with the specifications in this chapter; and
(4) maintain a record of the name or chemical composition of the additive, with the product shipping manifest or bill of lading for one year after the date of the manifest or bill.
When a product is rejected, the person responsible for the product shall blend or remove the product according to the director's instructions. If the rejected product is blended with another product to bring it into compliance, the person responsible for the product shall provide testing and documentation, in a manner approved by the director, to prove to the director that the blended product will comply with the specifications in section 239.761. If the rejected product is removed, the person responsible for the product shall provide documentation to prove to the director that the rejected product has been removed and replaced with a product that complies with the specifications in section 239.761.
A retail petroleum dispenser that automatically computes the total price of each sale must have a unit price indicator on the face of the computer mechanism that clearly displays the price per gallon or price per liter, including all taxes. The unit price indicator must not be covered or obscured in any manner.
A retail petroleum dispenser that does not automatically compute the total price of each sale must have a sign stating the price per gallon or price per liter, including all taxes. The sign must be white with black letters and figures. The letters and figures must be at least one inch high. The sign must be clearly and conspicuously posted on all dispenser faces, as close as possible to the total quantity indicator. Examples of acceptable unit price signs include: "$1.20/gallon," or "$0.32/liter."
A sign or device designed to advertise the price of gasoline or diesel fuel, that is posted within view of any public highway, road, or street, or on or near premises where gasoline is sold at retail, must meet the following requirements:
(a) The price per gallon, or price per liter, including all taxes and fees to be collected in connection with the sale, must be clearly stated in figures of uniform size and prominence.
(b) If the advertised price per gallon, or price per liter, is subject to any conditions or restrictions, the conditions or restrictions must be clearly posted on the sign. For example, if a customer must pay cash to obtain the advertised price, the sign must clearly state "cash," "cash price," or "cash discount price."
The term "premium" may be used only to advertise, or to identify a dispenser used to dispense, gasoline with an octane rating of 91 or greater.
A person shall post signs on the dispensers, on the dispenser island, or on the canopy over the dispensers, that clearly state the conditions for obtaining the price offered on the dispensers, if the person:
(1) sells or offers to sell gasoline or diesel fuel at retail;
(2) has more than one dispenser for a specific grade of product; and
(3) sets different dispensers to compute a total sale at different prices for the same product.
For example, signs must be posted to direct customers to separate dispensers for full service or self-service prices.
When a dispenser, sign, display, or label does not comply with the requirements in this section, the director shall reject the noncomplying dispenser or other equipment and employ any or all of the following actions to prohibit use of the noncomplying dispenser or other equipment:
(1) reject and mark as rejected the pumps, meters, or other dispensers that do not comply, or are used in conjunction with advertising signs or price displays that do not comply;
(2) issue a written warning to the owner, operator, manager, or attendant of the business or property where the dispenser or sign is located;
(3) issue a citation to the owner, operator, manager, or attendant of the business or property where a dispenser or sign is located;
(4) request that a city or county attorney draft a misdemeanor complaint.
(a) A person must be in close attendance to the dispenser nozzle while fuel is being dispensed into a motor vehicle. No civil or criminal penalties apply to violations of this subdivision.
(b) A person who sells petroleum product at retail to the public for use in motor vehicles as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 21:
(1) shall post signs in the locations described in subdivision 5 that state: "A person fueling a motor vehicle must be in close attendance to the dispenser nozzle during the fueling process."; and
(2) may discontinue fuel services to a person who violates paragraph (a).
A person responsible for the product must meet all of the requirements in this section. When a dispenser or other equipment is rejected for failure to comply with this section, a person responsible for the product is required to correct the dispenser, price display violation, or price advertising violation.
If a number is used to advertise or identify a grade of gasoline, that number can only be less than or equal to the octane of the gasoline being advertised or identified.
A person responsible for the product shall securely affix a metal identification tag on the fill pipe of a petroleum product storage tank at a business where petroleum products are sold, offered for sale, or dispensed at retail into the storage tanks of motor vehicles. A bulk storage facility operator shall securely affix a metal identification tag on the fill pipe of each storage tank at the distributor's bulk storage facility. The identification tag must be constructed and printed according to subdivision 2 and installed according to subdivision 3. The identification tag must be printed with the appropriate product identification according to subdivision 4, 5, or 6. This section does not apply to storage tanks at petroleum refineries or terminals.
The identification tag required in subdivision 1 must be constructed of one 3-1/2 inch by 3-1/2 inch piece of aluminum or stainless steel. All surfaces of the tag must be coated with a permanent enamel paint or powder coating. The coating must be light blue for gasoline and alcohol products and dark green for petroleum distillate products. Lettering must be at least three-eighths of one inch high, and printed on the tag with permanent enamel paint or powder coating. Lettering must be black for gasoline and alcohol products and white for petroleum distillate products.
The identification tag required in subdivision 1 must be securely affixed to a fill pipe by means of an adjustable steel band clamp. The display surface of the tag must be positioned so that the product information can be easily read by a person filling the storage tank.
(a) An identification tag placed on a storage tank containing gasoline or oxygenated gasoline must be marked with the word "GASOLINE" and with the correct octane number and the appropriate product name of the fuel stored in the tank.
(b) The product name must be selected from the following:
(1) "REGULAR" for oxygenated gasoline of less than 88 octane;
(2) "MID-GRADE" for oxygenated gasoline of at least 88 octane, but less than 91 octane;
(3) "PREMIUM" for oxygenated gasoline of at least 91 octane;
(4) "NON-OXY PREM" for nonoxygenated gasoline of at least 91 octane;
(5) "AVIATION" for gasoline used solely as a fuel for aircraft;
(6) "RACING" for a special racing gasoline intended to be sold for use in off-road motor vehicles; or
(7) "SPECIAL" for gasoline blended with mineral oil or other additives and intended to be sold for use in boats, chainsaws, snowmobiles, or off-road equipment.
(a) An identification tag placed on a storage tank containing unblended alcohol or a predominantly alcohol-based motor fuel must be marked with the word "ALCOHOL" and with the appropriate product name of the fuel stored in the tank.
(b) The product name must be selected from the following:
(1) "ETHANOL" for denatured ethanol, as defined in section 296A.01;
(2) "METHANOL" for methanol;
(3) "E85" for an ethanol-gasoline blend, as defined in section 296A.01; or
(4) "M85" for a methanol-gasoline blend, as defined in section 296A.01.
Storage tanks containing diesel fuel, heating fuel, kerosene, or other petroleum distillate must be marked with the word "DISTILLATE" and with the correct product grade and appropriate tax status selected from the following:
(1) "#1 DIESEL" "UNDYED" for #1 diesel fuel for which the motor fuel excise tax has been paid;
(2) "#1" "DYED" for #1 heating fuel or #1 diesel fuel intended to be sold for use in off-road vehicles and equipment;
(3) "#2 DIESEL" "UNDYED" for #2 diesel fuel for which the motor fuel excise tax has been paid;
(4) "#2" "DYED" for #2 heating fuel or #2 diesel fuel intended to be sold for use in off-road vehicles and equipment;
(5) "DIESEL" "PREMIUM" "UNDYED" for premium diesel fuel for which the motor fuel excise tax has been paid;
(6) "DIESEL" "PREMIUM" "DYED" for premium diesel fuel intended to be sold off-road;
(7) "KEROSENE" "UNDYED" for kerosene for which the federal motor fuel excise tax has been paid;
(8) "KEROSENE" "DYED" for kerosene intended to be sold for use in off-road vehicles, heating equipment, and other off-road equipment; or
(9) "JET/TURBINE" for jet fuel or turbine fuel.
(a) The director, or a delegated employee of the department, may enter the premises of a person who processes, holds, stores, imports, transfers, offers for sale or use, or sells petroleum products in Minnesota to:
(1) inspect the product in storage tanks and take samples from the storage tanks and dispensing equipment connected to the storage tanks;
(2) inspect petroleum product dispensers and related signs and equipment, advertising signs, price displays, oxygenate labels, and octane labels; and
(b) The director shall limit inspection to information and data relating to product quantity, quality, oxygen content, and octane. The director shall maintain the confidentiality of certain records as required by section 239.791.
A person who operates a terminal where petroleum products are loaded into transport trucks for subsequent distribution, shall notify the director when regular grade gasoline, number 1 diesel, number 2 diesel, kerosene, heating oil, ethanol, and biodiesel are physically not available for sale to licensed distributors.
A person responsible for the product must meet the specifications in this section. The specifications apply to petroleum products processed, held, stored, imported, transferred, distributed, offered for distribution, offered for sale or use, or sold in Minnesota.
The petroleum product specifications in this section are intended to match the definitions and specifications in sections 41A.09 and 296A.01. Petroleum products named in this section are defined in section 296A.01.
(a) Gasoline that is not blended with ethanol must not be contaminated with water or other impurities and must comply with ASTM specification D4814-07b. Gasoline that is not blended with ethanol must also comply with the volatility requirements in Code of Federal Regulations, title 40, part 80.
(b) After gasoline is sold, transferred, or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal, a person responsible for the product:
(1) may blend the gasoline with agriculturally derived ethanol as provided in subdivision 4;
(2) shall not blend the gasoline with any oxygenate other than denatured, agriculturally derived ethanol;
(3) shall not blend the gasoline with other petroleum products that are not gasoline or denatured, agriculturally derived ethanol;
(4) shall not blend the gasoline with products commonly and commercially known as casinghead gasoline, absorption gasoline, condensation gasoline, drip gasoline, or natural gasoline; and
(5) may blend the gasoline with a detergent additive, an antiknock additive, or an additive designed to replace tetra-ethyl lead, that is registered by the EPA.
(a) Gasoline may be blended with agriculturally derived, denatured ethanol that complies with the requirements of subdivision 5.
(b) A gasoline-ethanol blend must:
(1) comply with the volatility requirements in Code of Federal Regulations, title 40, part 80;
(2) comply with ASTM specification D4814-07b, or the gasoline base stock from which a gasoline-ethanol blend was produced must comply with ASTM specification D4814-07b; and
(3) not be blended with casinghead gasoline, absorption gasoline, condensation gasoline, drip gasoline, or natural gasoline after the gasoline-ethanol blend has been sold, transferred, or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal.
Gasoline combined with ethanol for use in standard combustion engines may be blended with up to ten percent agriculturally derived, denatured ethanol, by volume, or any percentage specifically authorized in a waiver granted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under section 211(f)(4) of the Clean Air Act, United States Code, title 42, section 7545, subsection (f), paragraph (4). The gasoline-ethanol blend must comply with the general provisions in subdivision 4.
(a) Gasoline blended for use in an alternative fuel vehicle, as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 5, may contain any percentage of agriculturally derived, denatured ethanol, by volume, not to exceed 85 percent. The gasoline-ethanol blend must comply with the general provisions in subdivision 4. The gasoline and ethanol may be blended by an ethanol blender or at the point of retail sale in an ethanol-blending fuel dispenser clearly labeled "FLEX-FUEL VEHICLES ONLY." If blended by an ethanol blender, the percentage of ethanol in the resulting gasoline-ethanol blend must be clearly identified.
(b) If a person responsible for the product utilizes an ethanol-blending fuel dispenser to dispense both gasoline blended with ethanol for use in alternative fuel vehicles and gasoline blended with ethanol for use in standard combustion engines, the person must ensure that the gasoline blended with ethanol for use in standard combustion engines is dispensed from a fuel-dispensing hose and nozzle or other conveyance dedicated solely to gasoline blended with ethanol for use in standard combustion engines and clearly labeled as such.
(c) A person responsible for the product who complies with the provisions in paragraph (b) is not responsible for a self-service fueling action taken by that person's retail fuel customer.
Denatured ethanol that is to be blended with gasoline must be agriculturally derived and must comply with ASTM specification D4806-07a. This includes the requirement that ethanol may be denatured only as specified in Code of Federal Regulations, title 27, parts 20 and 21.
(a) A person responsible for the product shall comply with the following requirements:
(1) after July 1, 2000, gasoline containing in excess of one-third of one percent, in total, of nonethanol oxygenates listed in paragraph (b) must not be sold or offered for sale at any time in this state; and
(2) after July 1, 2005, gasoline containing any of the nonethanol oxygenates listed in paragraph (b) must not be sold or offered for sale in this state.
(b) The oxygenates prohibited under paragraph (a) are:
(1) methyl tertiary butyl ether, as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 34;
(2) ethyl tertiary butyl ether, as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 18; or
(3) tertiary amyl methyl ether.
(c) Gasoline that is blended with a nonethanol oxygenate must comply with ASTM specification D4814-07b. Nonethanol oxygenates must not be blended into gasoline after the gasoline has been sold, transferred, or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal.
Heating fuel oil must comply with ASTM specification D396-07.
Diesel fuel oil must comply with ASTM specification D975-07b.
Kerosene must comply with ASTM specification D3699-07.
Aviation gasoline must comply with ASTM specification D910-07a.
Aviation turbine fuel and jet fuel must comply with ASTM specification D1655-07e1.
Fuel oil for use in nonaviation gas turbine engines must comply with ASTM specification D2880-03.
A blend of ethanol and gasoline, containing at least 60 percent ethanol and not more than 85 percent ethanol, produced for use as a motor fuel in alternative fuel vehicles as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 5, must comply with ASTM specification D5798-07.
A blend of methanol and gasoline, containing at least 70 percent methanol and not more than 85 percent methanol, produced for use as a motor fuel in alternative fuel vehicles as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 5, must comply with ASTM specification D5797-07.
"Biodiesel blend" means a blend of diesel fuel and biodiesel fuel at a ratio designated by "BXX" where "XX" represents the volume percent of biodiesel fuel in the blend.
"Biodiesel fuel" means a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and that meets American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specification D6751-07b for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuels.
Grade 82 unleaded aviation gasoline must comply with ASTM specification D6227-04a.
1992 c 575 s 27; 1994 c 510 art 5 s 2; 1996 c 471 art 5 s 2; 1998 c 278 s 1; 1998 c 299 s 30; 1999 c 86 art 1 s 52,53; 2000 c 434 s 1; 1Sp2003 c 14 art 7 s 55-65; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 4 s 66; 2007 c 62 s 2; 2008 c 281 s 2; 2008 c 297 art 1 s 48-50
"Biodiesel fuel" means a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural and other plant oils or animal fats and that meets American Society for Testing and Materials specification D6751-07b for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuels.
Biodiesel produced from palm oil is not biodiesel fuel for the purposes of this section, unless the palm oil is contained within waste oil and grease collected within the United States or Canada.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, all diesel fuel sold or offered for sale in Minnesota for use in internal combustion engines must contain at least the stated percentage of biodiesel fuel oil by volume on and after the following dates:
|(1)||September 29, 2005||2 percent|
|(2)||May 1, 2009||5 percent|
|(3)||May 1, 2012||10 percent|
|(4)||May 1, 2015||20 percent|
The minimum content levels in clauses (3) and (4) are effective during the months of April, May, June, July, August, September, and October only. The minimum content for the remainder of the year is five percent. However, if the commissioners of agriculture, commerce, and pollution control determine, after consultation with the biodiesel task force and other technical experts, that an American Society for Testing and Materials specification or equivalent federal standard exists for the specified biodiesel blend level in those clauses that adequately addresses technical issues associated with Minnesota's cold weather and publish a notice in the State Register to that effect, the commissioners may allow the specified biodiesel blend level in those clauses to be effective year-round.
(b) The minimum content levels in paragraph (a), clauses (3) and (4), become effective on the date specified only if the commissioners of agriculture, commerce, and pollution control publish notice in the State Register and provide written notice to the chairs of the house of representatives and senate committees with jurisdiction over agriculture, commerce, and transportation policy and finance, at least 270 days prior to the date of each scheduled increase, that all of the following conditions have been met and the state is prepared to move to the next scheduled minimum content level:
(1) an American Society for Testing and Materials specification or equivalent federal standard exists for the next minimum diesel-biodiesel blend;
(2) a sufficient supply of biodiesel is available and the amount of biodiesel produced in this state from feedstock with at least 75 percent that is produced in the United States and Canada is equal to at least 50 percent of anticipated demand at the next minimum content level;
(3) adequate blending infrastructure and regulatory protocol are in place in order to promote biodiesel quality and avoid any potential economic disruption; and
(4) at least five percent of the amount of biodiesel necessary for that minimum content level will be produced from a biological resource other than an agricultural resource traditionally grown or raised in the state, including, but not limited to, algae cultivated for biofuels production, waste oils, and tallow.
The condition in clause (2) may be waived if the commissioner finds that, due to weather-related conditions, the necessary feed stock is unavailable.
The condition in clause (4) may be waived if the commissioners find that the use of these nontraditional feedstocks would be uneconomic under market conditions existing at the time notice is given under this paragraph.
(c) The commissioners of agriculture, commerce, and pollution control must consult with the biodiesel task force when assessing and certifying conditions in paragraph (b), and in general must seek the guidance of the biodiesel task force regarding biodiesel labeling, enforcement, and other related issues.
(d) During a period of biodiesel fuel shortage or a problem with biodiesel quality that negatively affects the availability of biodiesel fuel, the commissioner of commerce may temporarily suspend the minimum content requirement in subdivision 2 until there is sufficient biodiesel fuel, as defined in subdivision 1, available to fulfill the minimum content requirement.
(e) By February 1, 2012, and periodically thereafter, the commissioner of commerce shall determine the wholesale diesel price at various pipeline and refinery terminals in the region, and the biodiesel price determined after credits and incentives are subtracted at biodiesel plants in the region. The commissioner shall report wholesale price differences to the governor who, after consultation with the commissioners of commerce and agriculture, may by executive order adjust the biodiesel mandate if a price disparity reported by the commissioner will cause economic hardship to retailers of diesel fuel in this state. Any adjustment must be for a specified period of time, after which the percentage of biodiesel fuel to be blended into diesel fuel returns to the amount required in subdivision 2. The biodiesel mandate must not be adjusted to less than five percent.
(a) The minimum content requirements of subdivision 2 do not apply to fuel used in the following equipment:
(1) motors located at an electric generating plant regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission;
(2) railroad locomotives;
(3) off-road taconite and copper mining equipment and machinery;
(4) off-road logging equipment and machinery; and
(5) until May 1, 2010, vehicles and equipment used exclusively on an aircraft landing field.
(b) The exemption in paragraph (a), clause (1), expires 30 days after the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has approved the use of biodiesel fuel in motors at electric generating plants under its regulation.
(c) This subdivision expires on May 1, 2012.
A refinery or terminal shall provide, at the time diesel fuel is sold or transferred from the refinery or terminal, a bill of lading or shipping manifest to the person who receives the fuel. For biodiesel-blended products, the bill of lading or shipping manifest must disclose biodiesel content, stating volume percentage, gallons of biodiesel per gallons of petroleum diesel base-stock, or an ASTM "Bxx" designation where "xx" denotes the volume percent biodiesel included in the blended product. This subdivision does not apply to sales or transfers of biodiesel blend stock between refineries, between terminals, or between a refinery and a terminal.
Beginning in 2009, the commissioner of agriculture must report by January 15 of each year to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees and divisions with jurisdiction over agriculture policy and finance regarding the implementation of the minimum content requirements in subdivision 2, including information about the price and supply of biodiesel fuel. The report shall include information about the impacts of the biodiesel mandate on the development of biodiesel production capacity in the state, and on the use of feedstock grown or raised in the state for biodiesel production. The report must include any written comments received from members of the biodiesel fuel task force by January 1 of that year designated by them for inclusion in the report.
A distributor that made capital expenditures necessary to adapt or add equipment to blend biodiesel fuel oil under the mandate in section 239.77 may be eligible for partial reimbursement for those expenditures if the mandate is repealed within eight years of the date the mandate is effective.
(a) A distributor may apply to the commissioner of agriculture for a reimbursement from money appropriated for this purpose on the following schedule: If the mandate is repealed within two years of its effective date, the commissioner shall reimburse up to 80 percent of expenditures. The total amount eligible to be reimbursed must decline by ten percent each year after the mandate is effective and must end at 20 percent in the eighth year.
(b) The commissioner must require detailed proof of expenditures made solely to comply with the mandate.
(a) The operator of a terminal located in Minnesota from which liquefied petroleum gas is dispensed for use or sale in this state other than for delivery to another terminal shall pay a fee equal to one mill for each gallon of liquefied petroleum gas dispensed.
(b) Any person in Minnesota, other than the operator of a terminal, receiving liquefied petroleum gas from a source outside of Minnesota for use or sale in this state shall pay a fee equal to one mill for each gallon of liquefied petroleum gas received.
The fee must be remitted monthly on a form prescribed by the commissioner of revenue for deposit in the liquefied petroleum gas account established in subdivision 6. The fee must be paid and the return filed on or before the 23rd day of each month following the month in which the liquefied petroleum gas was delivered or received.
The audit, assessment, appeal, collection, and administrative provisions of chapters 270C and 296A, that apply to the taxes imposed by chapter 296A, apply to the fee imposed by this section.
Fees and penalties are subject to interest at the rate provided in section 270C.40.
A liquefied petroleum gas account in the special revenue fund is established in the state treasury. Fees and penalties collected under this section must be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the liquefied petroleum gas account. Money in that account, including interest earned, is appropriated to the commissioner of education for programs to improve the energy efficiency of residential liquefied petroleum gas heating equipment in low-income households, and, when necessary, to provide weatherization services to the homes.
Upon request from a distributor, a shipper of petroleum products shall, at the time of shipment, supply a distributor with the results of typical tests of the petroleum product shipped to the distributor.
A person responsible for the products listed in this subdivision shall transfer, ship, distribute, offer for distribution, sell, or offer to sell the products by volume. Volumetric measurement of the product must not be temperature compensated, or adjusted by any other factor. This subdivision applies to gasoline, number one and number two diesel fuel oils, number one and number two heating fuel oils, kerosene, denatured ethanol, and biodiesel. This subdivision does not apply to the measurement of petroleum products transferred, sold, or traded between refineries, between refineries and terminals, or between terminals.
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions 10 to 14, a person responsible for the product shall ensure that all gasoline sold or offered for sale in Minnesota must contain at least 10.0 percent denatured ethanol by volume.
(b) For purposes of enforcing the minimum ethanol requirement of paragraph (a), a gasoline/ethanol blend will be construed to be in compliance if the ethanol content, exclusive of denaturants and permitted contaminants, comprises not less than 9.2 percent by volume and not more than 10.0 percent by volume of the blend as determined by an appropriate United States Environmental Protection Agency or American Society of Testing Materials standard method of analysis of alcohol/ether content in engine fuels.
(c) The provisions of this subdivision are suspended during any period of time that subdivision 1a, paragraph (a), is in effect.
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions 10 to 14, on August 30, 2013, and thereafter, a person responsible for the product shall ensure that all gasoline sold or offered for sale in Minnesota must contain at least 20 percent denatured ethanol by volume.
(b) For purposes of enforcing the minimum ethanol requirement of paragraph (a), a gasoline/ethanol blend will be construed to be in compliance if the ethanol content, exclusive of denaturants and permitted contaminants, comprises not less than 18.4 percent by volume and not more than 20 percent by volume of the blend as determined by an appropriate United States Environmental Protection Agency or American Society of Testing Materials standard method of analysis of alcohol content in motor fuels.
(c) No motor fuel shall be deemed to be a defective product by virtue of the fact that the motor fuel is formulated or blended pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (a) under any theory of liability except for simple or willful negligence or fraud. This paragraph does not preclude an action for negligent, fraudulent, or willful acts. This paragraph does not affect a person whose liability arises under chapter 115, water pollution control; 115A, waste management; 115B, environmental response and liability; 115C, leaking underground storage tanks; or 299J, pipeline safety; under public nuisance law for damage to the environment or the public health; under any other environmental or public health law; or under any environmental or public health ordinance or program of a municipality as defined in section 466.01.
(d) This subdivision expires on December 31, 2010, if by that date:
(1) the commissioner of agriculture certifies and publishes the certification in the State Register that at least 20 percent of the volume of gasoline sold in the state is denatured ethanol; or
(2) federal approval has not been granted for the use of E20 as gasoline. The United States Environmental Protection Agency's failure to act on an application shall not be deemed approval of the use of E20, or a waiver under section 211(f)(4) of the Clean Air Act, United States Code, title 42, section 7545, subsection (f), paragraph (4).
When gasoline contains an oxygenate, a person responsible for the product shall not blend the product with ethanol or with any other oxygenate after it is transferred or otherwise removed from a refinery or terminal.
The director shall audit the records of registered ethanol blenders to ensure that each blender has met all requirements in this chapter. Specific information or data relating to sales figures or to processes or methods of production unique to the blender or that would tend to adversely affect the competitive position of the blender must be only for the confidential use of the director, unless otherwise specifically authorized by the registered blender.
A refinery or terminal, shall provide, at the time gasoline is sold or transferred from the refinery or terminal, a bill of lading or shipping manifest to the person who receives the gasoline. For oxygenated gasoline, the bill of lading or shipping manifest must include the identity and the volume percentage or gallons of oxygenate included in the gasoline, and it must state: "This fuel contains an oxygenate. Do not blend this fuel with ethanol or with any other oxygenate." For nonoxygenated gasoline sold or transferred after September 30, 1997, the bill or manifest must state: "This fuel is not oxygenated. It must not be sold at retail in Minnesota." This subdivision does not apply to sales or transfers of gasoline between refineries, between terminals, or between a refinery and a terminal.
A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, or dispense at an airport, for use in airplanes, gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 if the gasoline is unleaded premium grade as defined in section 239.751, subdivision 4.
A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, or dispense at a resort, marina, or houseboat rental company gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 if the gasoline has an octane rating of 87 or higher; is delivered into onsite bulk storage; and is not used for a licensed motor vehicle as defined in section 168.002, subdivision 18.
A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, or dispense at a public or private racecourse, gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 if the gasoline is intended to be used exclusively as a fuel for off-highway motor sports racing events.
(a) A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, or dispense at a retail gasoline station for use in collector vehicles or vehicles eligible to be licensed as collector vehicles, off-road vehicles, motorcycles, boats, snowmobiles, or small engines, gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 if the person meets the conditions in paragraphs (b) to (e). If the nonoxygenated gasoline is for use in a small engine, it must be dispensed into a can with a capacity of six or fewer gallons.
(b) The nonoxygenated gasoline must be unleaded premium grade as defined in section 239.751, subdivision 4.
(c) No more than one storage tank on the premises of the retail gasoline station may be used for storage of the nonoxygenated gasoline offered for sale, sold, or dispensed by the station.
(d) The pump stands must be posted with a permanent notice stating: "NONOXYGENATED GASOLINE. FOR USE IN COLLECTOR VEHICLES OR VEHICLES ELIGIBLE TO BE LICENSED AS COLLECTOR VEHICLES, OFF-ROAD VEHICLES, MOTORCYCLES, BOATS, SNOWMOBILES, OR SMALL ENGINES ONLY."
This notice must be posted at least two feet above the ground. A retail gasoline station that sells nonoxygenated premium gasoline as defined in section 239.791, subdivision 15, must register every two years with the director, or an entity appointed by the director, on forms approved by the director, the total amount of nonoxygenated premium gasoline sold annually.
(a) A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, and deliver directly to a bulk fuel storage tank gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 if the conditions in paragraphs (b) to (e) are met.
(b) The nonoxygenated gasoline must be unleaded premium grade as defined in section 239.751, subdivision 4.
(c) The bulk fuel storage tank must be stationary or permanent.
(d) The bulk fuel storage tank must be under the control of an owner of littoral or riparian property and located on that littoral or riparian property.
(e) The nonoxygenated gasoline must be purchased for use in vehicles that would qualify for an exemption under subdivision 12, paragraph (a).
A person responsible for the product may offer for sale, sell, and deliver directly to a bulk fuel storage tank gasoline that is not oxygenated in accordance with subdivision 1 for use in aircraft if the nonoxygenated gasoline is unleaded premium grade as defined in section 239.751, subdivision 4.
(a) A person responsible for the product, who offers for sale, sells, or dispenses nonoxygenated premium gasoline under one or more of the exemptions in subdivisions 10 to 14, may sell, offer for sale, or dispense oxygenated gasoline that contains less than the minimum amount of ethanol required under subdivision 1 if all of the following conditions are met:
(1) the blended gasoline has an octane rating of 88 or greater;
(2) the gasoline is a blend of oxygenated gasoline meeting the requirements of subdivision 1 with nonoxygenated premium gasoline;
(3) the blended gasoline contains not more than ten percent nonoxygenated premium gasoline;
(4) the blending of oxygenated gasoline with nonoxygenated gasoline occurs within the gasoline dispenser; and
(5) the gasoline station at which the gasoline is sold, offered for sale, or delivered is equipped to store gasoline in not more than two storage tanks.
(b) This subdivision applies only to those persons who met the conditions in paragraph (a), clauses (1) through (5), on August 1, 2004, and registered with the director by November 1, 2004.
1992 c 575 s 29; 1993 c 250 s 1; 1993 c 369 s 73,74; 1995 c 220 s 116; 1996 c 354 s 8-11; 1999 c 231 s 174-177; 2000 c 434 s 2; 2003 c 107 s 30; 2004 c 189 s 3,4; 2005 c 10 art 1 s 39; 2005 c 52 s 1,2; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 4 s 69-72; 2008 c 350 art 1 s 79,80
The tiered petroleum replacement goal of the state of Minnesota is that:
(1) at least 20 percent of the liquid fuel sold in the state is derived from renewable sources by December 31, 2015; and
(2) at least 25 percent of the liquid fuel sold in the state is derived from renewable sources by December 31, 2025.
(a) The commissioner of agriculture, in consultation with the commissioners of commerce and the Pollution Control Agency, shall identify and implement activities necessary for the widespread use of renewable liquid fuels in the state. Beginning November 1, 2005, and continuing through 2015, the commissioners, or their designees, shall work with representatives from the renewable fuels industry, petroleum retailers, refiners, automakers, small engine manufacturers, and other interested groups, to develop annual recommendations for administrative and legislative action.
(b) The activities of the commissioners under this subdivision shall include, but not be limited to:
(1) developing recommendations for incentives for retailers to install equipment necessary for dispensing renewable liquid fuels to the public;
(2) expanding the renewable-fuel options available to Minnesota consumers by obtaining federal approval for the use of E20 and additional blends that contain a greater percentage of ethanol, including but not limited to E30 and E50, as gasoline;
(3) developing recommendations for ensuring that motor vehicles and small engine equipment have access to an adequate supply of fuel;
(4) working with the owners and operators of large corporate automotive fleets in the state to increase their use of renewable fuels; and
(5) working to maintain an affordable retail price for liquid fuels.
A refiner, importer, or producer of automotive fuel must comply with the automotive fuel rating, certification, and record-keeping requirements of Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, sections 306.5 to 306.7.
A licensed distributor of automotive fuel must comply with the certification and record-keeping provisions of Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, sections 306.8 and 306.9.
A person responsible for the product who sells or transfers automotive fuel to a consumer must comply with the automotive fuel rating posting and record-keeping requirements, and the label specifications of Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, sections 306.10 to 306.12.
Upon request, the director shall provide any person with a copy of Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, part 306. Upon request, the director shall provide any distributor, retailer, or organization of distributors or retailers with the label specifications in Code of Federal Regulations, title 16, section 306.12.
(b) The director or any delegated employee may waive a penalty for a violation under section 239.77 or 239.791 on a retailer when ethanol or biodiesel are not available at a pipeline or refinery to meet the blending requirements of this chapter, and the terminal has had ethanol or biodiesel blended products available to the licensed distributor for 20 of the previous 30 days. The director or delegated employee shall use the reports required in section 239.754 or other available information in making a determination under this paragraph. The commissioner shall work with the commissioner of agriculture, biodiesel producers, ethanol producers, pipeline operators, and terminal operators, to ensure that biodiesel and ethanol are available for blending at pipeline and refinery terminals where diesel fuel and gasoline are sold and destined for use in Minnesota.