Subdivision 1. Terms.
Unless the language or context clearly indicates that a different
meaning is intended, the following terms, for the purposes of this chapter, shall be given the
meanings subjoined to them.
Subd. 2. Teacher.
(a) "Teacher" means:
(1) a person who renders service as a teacher, supervisor, principal, superintendent, librarian,
nurse, counselor, social worker, therapist, or psychologist in a public school of the state located
outside of the corporate limits of the city of Duluth or the city of St. Paul, or in any charter school,
irrespective of the location of the school, or in any charitable, penal, or correctional institutions
of a governmental subdivision, or who is engaged in educational administration in connection
with the state public school system, but excluding the University of Minnesota, whether the
position be a public office or an employment, and not including the members or officers of any
general governing or managing board or body;
(2) an employee of the Teachers Retirement Association;
(3) a person who renders teaching service on a part-time basis and who also renders other
services for a single employing unit. A person whose teaching service comprises at least 50
percent of the combined employment salary is a member of the association for all services with
the single employing unit. If the person's teaching service comprises less than 50 percent of the
combined employment salary, the executive director must determine whether all or none of the
combined service is covered by the association; or
(4) a person who is not covered by the plans established under chapter 352D, 354A, or 354B
and who is employed by the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities
system in an unclassified position as:
(i) a president, vice-president, or dean;
(ii) a manager or a professional in an academic or an academic support program other than
specified in item (i);
(iii) an administrative or a service support faculty position; or
(iv) a teacher or a research assistant.
(b) "Teacher" does not mean:
(1) a person who works for a school or institution as an independent contractor as defined by
the Internal Revenue Service;
(2) a person who renders part-time teaching service or who is a customized trainer as defined
by the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system if (i) the service is incidental to the
regular nonteaching occupation of the person; and (ii) the employer stipulates annually in advance
that the part-time teaching service or customized training service will not exceed 300 hours in
a fiscal year and retains the stipulation in its records; and (iii) the part-time teaching service or
customized training service actually does not exceed 300 hours in a fiscal year; or
(3) a person exempt from licensure under section
Subd. 2a. Exceptions.
(a) Notwithstanding subdivision 2, a person specified in paragraph
(b) is not a member of the association except for purposes of Social Security coverage unless
the person is covered by section
, and elects coverage by the Teachers Retirement
(b) A teacher is excluded from association membership other than Social Security coverage
under paragraph (a) if the person is covered by the individual retirement account plan established
under chapter 354B.
Subd. 3. Teaching.
The word "teaching" includes the service performed by any person
coming within the definition of "teacher" as set forth in subdivision 2.
Subd. 4. Fund.
The term "fund" means the teachers retirement fund referred to in this chapter.
Subd. 5. Member of the association.
"Member of the association" means every teacher who
contributes to the teachers retirement fund as provided in this chapter who has not retired, or a
teacher who exercises an option to elect coverage under another public pension plan enumerated
356.30, subdivision 3
. Any former member of the association who is retired and
subsequently resumes teaching service is a member of the association only for purposes of
Social Security coverage.
Subd. 6. Board.
The term "board" means the board of trustees of the Teachers Retirement
Subd. 7. Actuarial equivalent.
"Actuarial equivalent" means the condition of one annuity
or benefit having an equal actuarial present value as another annuity or benefit, determined
as of a given date with each actuarial present value based on the appropriate mortality table
adopted by the board of trustees based on the experience of the association as recommended by
the actuary retained under section
, and approved under section
, and using the applicable preretirement or postretirement interest rate assumption specified
356.215, subdivision 8
Subd. 8. Dependent child.
"Dependent child" means a biological or adopted child of a
deceased member who has not reached the age of 18, or who is under age 22 and is a full-time
student throughout the normal school year, unmarried and dependent for more than one-half of
support upon the member. It also means a child of the member conceived during the member's
lifetime and born after the member's death.
Subd. 8a. Dependent child.
For the purpose of survivor benefit eligibility under section
354.46, subdivision 2b
, "dependent child" means any biological or adopted child of a deceased
member who has not reached the age of 20 and is dependent for more than one-half of support
upon the member. It also includes any child of the member conceived while living and born
Subd. 9. Association.
"Association" means the combined membership of all teachers who
qualify and participate in the retirement program provided for in this chapter.
Subd. 10. Approved actuary.
"Approved actuary" means any actuary who is either a fellow
of the society of actuaries or who has at least 15 years of service to major public employee funds
or any firm retaining such an actuary on its staff.
Subd. 11. Accumulated deductions.
"Accumulated deductions" means the total of the sums
deducted from the salary of a member and the total amount of assessments paid by a member
in lieu of such deductions, credited to the member's individual fund, less amounts paid to the
member or any person in the member's behalf in the form of refundments, annuity payments or
benefit payments and less any other amounts deducted pursuant to law.
Subd. 12. Payments in lieu of deductions.
"Payments in lieu of deductions" means the
assessments or payments made by any member to receive credit for service rendered when no
salary deductions were made.
Subd. 13. Allowable service.
"Allowable service" means:
(1) Any service rendered by a teacher for which on or before July 1, 1957, the teacher's
account in the retirement fund was credited by reason of employee contributions in the form of
salary deductions, payments in lieu of salary deductions, or in any other manner authorized by
Minnesota Statutes 1953, sections
, as amended by Laws 1955, chapters 361,
549, 550, 611, or
(2) Any service rendered by a teacher for which on or before July 1, 1961, the teacher elected
to obtain credit for service by making payments to the fund pursuant to Minnesota Statutes
(3) Any service rendered by a teacher after July 1, 1957, for any calendar month when the
member receives salary from which deductions are made, deposited and credited in the fund, or
(4) Any service rendered by a person after July 1, 1957, for any calendar month where
payments in lieu of salary deductions are made, deposited and credited into the fund as provided
in Minnesota Statutes 1980, section
354.09, subdivision 4
, and section
(5) Any service rendered by a teacher for which the teacher elected to obtain credit for
service by making payments to the fund pursuant to Minnesota Statutes 1980, section
subdivisions 1 and 4
, Minnesota Statutes 1957, section
, Minnesota Statutes 1971, section
354.09, subdivision 2
, or Minnesota Statutes,
1973 Supplement, section
354.09, subdivision 3
(6) Both service during years of actual membership in the course of which contributions
were currently made and service in years during which the teacher was not a member but for
which the teacher later elected to obtain credit by making payments to the fund as permitted by
any law then in effect, or
(7) Any service rendered where contributions were made and no allowable service credit
was established because of the limitations contained in Minnesota Statutes 1957, section
, as determined by the ratio between the amounts of money credited to the teacher's
account in a fiscal year and the maximum retirement contribution allowable for that year, or
(8) MS 2002 [Expired]
(9) A period of time during which a teacher who is a state employee was on strike without
pay, not to exceed a period of one year, if the teacher makes a payment in lieu of salary deductions
or makes a prior service credit purchase payment, whichever applies. If the payment is made
within 12 months, the payment by the teacher must be an amount equal to the employee and
employer contribution rates set forth in section
354.42, subdivisions 2 and 3
, applied to the
teacher's rate of salary in effect on the conclusion of the strike for the period of the strike without
pay, plus compound interest at a monthly rate of 0.71 percent from the last day of the strike until
the date of payment. If the payment by the employee is not made within 12 months, the payment
must be in an amount equal to the payment amount determined under section
(10) A period of service before July 1, 2006, that was properly credited as allowable
service by the Minneapolis Teachers Retirement Fund Association, and that was rendered by a
teacher as an employee of Special School District No. 1, Minneapolis, or by an employee of the
Minneapolis Teachers Retirement Fund Association who was a member of the Minneapolis
Teachers Retirement Fund Association by virtue of that employment, who has not begun receiving
an annuity or other retirement benefit from the former Minneapolis Teachers Retirement Fund
Association calculated in whole or in part on that service before July 1, 2006, and who has
not taken a refund of member contributions related to that service unless the refund is repaid
, subdivision 4. Service as an employee of Special School District No. 1,
Minneapolis, on or after July 1, 2006, is "allowable service" only as provided by this chapter.
Subd. 13a. Average salary.
(a) "Average salary," for the purpose of determining the
member's retirement annuity, means the average salary upon which contributions were made for
the highest five successive years of formula service credit.
(b) "Average salary" may not include any more than the equivalent of 60 monthly salary
(c) "Average salary" must be based upon all years of formula service credit if this service
credit is less than five years.
Subd. 14. Total and permanent disability.
"Total and permanent disability" means the
inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment which can be expected to be of long continued and indefinite
duration. An "indefinite duration" is a period of at least one year.
Subd. 14a. Surviving spouse.
"Surviving spouse" means the spouse of a deceased member
or a disabilitant who was legally married to the member at the time of death.
Subd. 15.[Repealed, 1994 c 528 art 3 s 34
Subd. 16. Retirement annuity.
"Retirement annuity" means the payments made by the
association to a former member after retirement.
Subd. 17. Optional survivors annuity.
"Optional survivors annuity" means the payments
made by the association to a survivor of a former member pursuant to an optional annuity form
selected by such member at or before retirement which varies in amount depending primarily
upon both employee and employer contributions made by and in behalf of the particular member.
Subd. 18.[Repealed, 1974 c 289 s 59
Subd. 19. Annuity.
"Annuity" means a retirement annuity, optional survivors annuity, or
Subd. 20. Benefit.
"Benefit" means an allowance paid or payable by the association to a
surviving dependent spouse or a dependent child which is a fixed amount and also includes an
allowance paid or payable by the association to a member or former member who is permanently
and totally disabled.
Subd. 21. Retirement.
"Retirement" means the withdrawal of a member from active teaching
service who is paid a retirement annuity thereafter and commences with the date designated by the
retirement board when the retirement annuity first accrues to the former member after withdrawal
from active teaching service and application for an annuity under section
354.44, subdivisions 3
. The effective date of retirement must occur for an annuity plan selection to take effect. This
date determines any rights specified in this chapter which occur either before or after retirement.
Subd. 22. Designated beneficiary.
"Designated beneficiary" means the person, trust, or
organization designated by a retiree or member to receive the benefits to which a beneficiary is
entitled under this chapter. A beneficiary designation is valid only if it is made on an appropriate
form provided by the executive director that is signed by the member. The properly completed
form must be received by the association on or before the date of death of the retiree or member.
If a retiree or a member does not designate a person, trust, or organization, or if the person who
was designated predeceases the retiree or the member, or if the trust or organization ceases to
exist before the death of the retiree or the member, the designated beneficiary is the estate of the
deceased retiree or member.
Subd. 23.[Repealed, 1990 c 570 art 12 s 64
Subd. 24.[Repealed, 1990 c 570 art 12 s 64
Subd. 25. Formula service credit.
"Formula service credit" means any allowable service
credit as defined in subdivision 13 except:
(1) Any service rendered prior to July 1, 1951, for which payments were made pursuant to
subdivision 13 except as provided in section
354.09, subdivision 4
, as determined by multiplying
the number of years of service established in the records of the Teachers Retirement Association
as of July 1, 1961 by the ratio obtained between the total amount paid and the maximum amount
payable for those years;
(2) Any service rendered prior to July 1, 1957 for which payments were made pursuant to
354.09, subdivision 4
, as determined by multiplying the number of years of service
established in the records of the teachers retirement association by the ratio obtained between the
total amount paid and the maximum amount payable for those years; or
(3) Any service rendered for which contributions were not made in full as determined by
the ratio between the amounts of money credited to the teacher's account in a fiscal year and the
retirement contribution payable for the fiscal year pursuant to sections
(4) No period of service shall be counted more than once for purposes of this subdivision.
Subd. 26. Postretirement investment fund annuity.
"Postretirement investment fund
annuity" means the payments made by the association to an annuitant after retirement in
accordance with the provisions of section
. It also means that the payments made by the
association shall never be an amount less than the amount originally determined on the date of
retirement as adjusted on each succeeding January 1 in section
Subd. 27. Normal school operating funds.
The term "normal school operating funds" as
used in this chapter shall be defined as and limited to the proceeds of property tax levies, state
school maintenance cost aids distributed in accordance with statutes governing such funds, state
aid to distressed school districts, proceeds from federal forest reserve lands, state transportation
aids, and receipts from tuition paid by persons or other school districts and rental charges
received. The term also includes money appropriated by the legislature for the operation of any
state agency, department, state board, or institution.
Subd. 28. Satisfactory certification.
The term "satisfactory certification" means a
certification executed by a responsible officer of an employing authority in such form and content
that false or misleading information would constitute perjury.
Subd. 29.[Repealed, 1994 c 528 art 3 s 34
Subd. 30. Coordinated member.
"Coordinated member" means any teacher covered by any
agreement or modification made between the state and the Secretary of Health, Education and
Welfare, making the provisions of the federal Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Act
applicable to such member.
Subd. 31. Basic member.
"Basic member" means any teacher not covered by any agreement
or modification made between the state and the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.
Subd. 32. Formula program.
"Formula program" means a retirement program which
provides benefits based on certain percentages multiplied by the years of service and average
salary of a member as described in section
Subd. 33.[Repealed, 1990 c 570 art 12 s 64
Subd. 34.[Repealed, 1990 c 570 art 12 s 64
Subd. 35. Salary.
(a) Subject to the limitations of section
, "salary" means the
periodic compensation, upon which member contributions are required before deductions for
deferred compensation, supplemental retirement plans, or other voluntary salary reduction
(b) "Salary" does not mean:
(1) lump sum annual leave payments;
(2) lump sum wellness and sick leave payments;
(3) employer-paid amounts used by an employee toward the cost of insurance coverage,
employer-paid fringe benefits, flexible spending accounts, cafeteria plans, health care expense
accounts, day care expenses, or any payments in lieu of any employer-paid group insurance
coverage, including the difference between single and family rates that may be paid to a member
with single coverage and certain amounts determined by the executive director to be ineligible;
(4) any form of payment made in lieu of any other employer-paid fringe benefit or expense;
(5) any form of severance payments;
(6) workers' compensation payments;
(7) disability insurance payments, including self-insured disability payments;
(8) payments to school principals and all other administrators for services that are in addition
to the normal work year contract if these additional services are performed on an extended duty
day, Saturday, Sunday, holiday, annual leave day, sick leave day, or any other nonduty day;
(9) payments under section
356.24, subdivision 1
, clause (4); and
(10) payments made under section
122A.40, subdivision 12
, except for payments for sick
leave that are accumulated under the provisions of a uniform school district policy that applies
equally to all similarly situated persons in the district.
(c) Amounts provided to an employee by the employer through a grievance proceeding or a
legal settlement are salary only if the settlement is reviewed by the executive director and the
amounts are determined by the executive director to be consistent with paragraph (a) and prior
Subd. 35a. Severance payments.
Severance payments include, but are not limited to:
(1) payments to an employee to terminate employment;
(2) payments, or that portion of payments, that are not clearly for the performance of services
by the employee to the employer;
(3) payments to an administrator or former administrator serving as an advisor to a successor
or as a consultant to the employer under an agreement to terminate employment within two
years or less of the execution of the agreement for compensation that is significantly different
than the most recent contract salary;
(4) payments under a procedure that allows the employee to designate the time of payment
if the payments are made during the period of formula service credit used to compute a benefit
or annuity under section
354.44, subdivision 6
354.46, subdivision 1
or 2; or
(5) lump sum payments during the time period that contains the highest five successive years
of salary for additional services performed without pay during other years of salary.
Subd. 36. Retiree of association.
"Retiree of association" means any former member who
has retired as provided in this chapter.
Subd. 37. Termination of teaching service.
"Termination of teaching service" means the
withdrawal of a member from active teaching service by resignation or the termination of the
member's teaching contract by the employer. A member is not considered to have terminated
teaching service, if before the effective date of the termination or retirement, the member has
entered into a contract to resume teaching service with an employing unit covered by the
provisions of this chapter.
Subd. 38. Normal retirement age.
"Normal retirement age" means age 65 for a person who
first became a member of the association or a member of a pension fund listed in section
, before July 1, 1989. For a person who first becomes a member of the association
after June 30, 1989, normal retirement age means the higher of age 65 or "retirement age," as
defined in United States Code, title 42, section 416(l), as amended, but not to exceed age 66.
Subd. 39. Administrator's normal work year.
Normal work year for school principals
and all other administrators means 12 consecutive full months of continuous employment from
July 1 to June 30.
Subd. 40. Timely receipt.
An application, payment, return, claim, or other document that is
not personally delivered to the association on or before the applicable due date is considered to be
a timely receipt if received on or before the due date or if delivered or filed under section
History: (2950-1) 1931 c 406 s 1; 1957 c 576 s 1,2; Ex1957 c 16 s 1,2; Ex1959 c 50 s 1-4;
1961 c 597 s 1; Ex1961 c 17 s 1; 1963 c 845 s 1; 1965 c 821 s 1; Ex1967 c 6 s 5; 1969 c 485 s
1,2; 1971 c 40 s 1-3; 1971 c 535 s 1; Ex1971 c 48 s 7; 1973 c 270 s 2; 1973 c 728 s 3; 1974 c 289
s 2-8; 1975 c 306 s 1-4; 1975 c 321 s 2; 1977 c 67 s 1; 1977 c 97 s 1; 1977 c 429 s 35; 1978 c 556
s 1; 1978 c 720 s 8; 1980 c 342 s 8; 1980 c 607 art 14 s 46; 1980 c 609 art 5 s 21; 1981 c 224 s
98-102; 1983 c 148 s 1,2; 1986 c 444; 1986 c 458 s 14,15; 1987 c 258 s 12; 1987 c 259 s 30; 1987
c 284 art 6 s 1,2; 1987 c 384 art 1 s 34; 1988 c 709 art 11 s 1; 1989 c 246 s 2; 1989 c 319 art 2 s
4,5; art 13 s 53; art 18 s 1,2; 1990 c 426 art 1 s 5; 1990 c 570 art 12 s 23; 1991 c 269 art 2 s 9;
1991 c 340 s 3-8; 1993 c 336 art 6 s 10,11; 1994 c 465 art 3 s 35; 1994 c 508 art 1 s 3; 1994 c 528
art 3 s 1-7; 1995 c 141 art 3 s 6-8,20; art 4 s 3; 1996 c 305 art 1 s 79; 1997 c 233 art 1 s 47; 1998
c 397 art 11 s 3; 1999 c 222 art 9 s 4; 2000 c 461 art 3 s 27,28; 1Sp2001 c 10 art 3 s 17; art 6 s
4,21; 2002 c 392 art 2 s 3; art 6 s 1; art 11 s 52; 1Sp2003 c 12 art 6 s 5; 2004 c 267 art 1 s 5; art
2 s 4; art 9 s 17; 1Sp2005 c 8 art 1 s 16,17; art 3 s 3; 2006 c 212 art 3 s 36; 2006 c 277 art 3 s 4,5