A teacher of technology is authorized to provide to students in grades 5 through 12 instruction that is designed to provide an understanding of the continually developing technological world using as its context the areas of transportation, construction, power and energy, communications, manufacturing, biotechnology, and other contemporary and emerging technologies to include orienting students to careers in these and other technological areas. The instruction focuses on teaching students how to extend human capability with products or processes using the technological method through providing them with experiences for creating a system that integrates equipment, machines, tools, software, hardware, and other technological devices to complete a task; how to adapt to technological changes in all aspects of their lives including home, leisure, and work; and how to assess the impact of technology from an environmental, social, economic, cultural, historical, and ethical perspective.
A candidate for licensure to teach technology to students in grades 5 through 12 shall:
hold a baccalaureate degree from a college or university that is regionally accredited by the association for the accreditation of colleges and secondary schools;
demonstrate the standards for effective practice for licensing of beginning teachers in part 8710.2000; and
show verification of completing a Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board preparation program approved under chapter 8705 leading to the licensure of teachers of technology in subpart 3.
A candidate for licensure as a teacher of technology must complete a preparation program under subpart 2, item C, that must include the candidate's demonstration of the knowledge and skills in items A to D.
A teacher of technology understands central concepts common to technology content. The teacher must understand:
the technological method including defining the problem, researching, identifying possible solutions, analysis, implementation, and evaluation and how to apply it;
how to identify, classify, and organize content within the following technological bodies of knowledge:
communications technology including:
graphic and electronic forms of communications;
the processes of designing, drafting, photographing, printing, technical writing, and computer-based communication; and
communication systems such as data processing, programming, recording and playing, and transmitting and receiving information;
construction technology including:
the fields of residential, commercial, and civil construction; and
construction systems, including wood, concrete, steel, composites, electrical, mechanical, and site development;
manufacturing technology including:
custom, intermittent, and continuous types of manufacturing;
manufacturing processes relating to materials used and the processes of forming, separating, combining, measuring, and finishing; and
manufacturing systems such as research and development, automation, material handling, and quality control;
energy and power technology including:
radiant, chemical, thermal, mechanical, electrical, and nuclear forms of energy;
methods of extracting, conserving, measuring, controlling, converting, transmitting, and storing energy;
fossil fuel, solar, nuclear, electrical, fluid, and renewable energy resources; and
converting, measuring, altering and controlling mechanical power systems;
transportation technology including:
terrestrial, marine, atmospheric, and space modes of transportation; and
propulsion, suspension, guidance, control, support, and structural systems of transportation;
plant, animal, and machine applications of biotechnology and biotechnology processes for propagating, growing, maintaining, harvesting, adapting, treating, and converting; and
human factors, engineering, health care, cultivation of plants and animals, fuel and chemical production, waste management and treatment, and biomaterials; and
management of technologically related resources including the resources of time, capital, energy, tools, materials, information, and people needed to use biotechnology, communication, construction, manufacturing, energy and power, and transportation technology;
how technological elements, components, and devices function in micro and macro systems including input, process, output, and feedback, and why systems interact or behave as they do;
historical, sociological, ethical, environmental, and economic impacts of technology; and
current and emerging technological careers, the importance of possessing lifelong learning values, workplace skills, and an understanding of the developmental career process as gained through employment, internship, mentorship, job shadowing, or apprenticeship.
A teacher of technology understands central concepts common to the teaching and learning of technology education content. The teacher must understand:
the definition, philosophy, and rationale of technology education;
technological issues and problems for teaching decision-making, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills;
how to use tools, equipment, materials, and processes in technology education learning environments safely; and
laboratory oriented instructional skills necessary for modeling technological expertise including craftsmanship, visualization skills, spatial relationships, mechanical aptitude, and design principles.
A teacher of technology must demonstrate an understanding of the teaching of technology that integrates understanding of technology with the understanding of pedagogy, students, learning, classroom management, and professional development. The teacher of technology to preadolescent and adolescent students must:
understand and apply educational principles relevant to the physical, social, emotional, moral, and cognitive development of preadolescents and adolescents;
understand and apply the research base for and the best practices of middle and high school education;
develop curriculum goals and purposes based on the central concepts of technology and know how to apply instructional strategies and materials for achieving student understanding of technology;
understand the role and alignment of district, school, and department mission and goals in program planning;
understand the need for and how to connect students' schooling experiences with everyday life, the workplace, and further educational opportunities;
know how to involve representatives of business, industry, and community organizations as active partners in creating educational opportunities; and
understand the role and purpose of cocurricular and extracurricular activities in the teaching and learning process.
A teacher of technology must understand the content and methods for teaching reading including:
knowledge of reading processes and instruction including:
the relationship between word recognition and vocabulary knowledge, fluency, and comprehension in understanding text and content materials;
the importance of direct and indirect vocabulary instruction that leads to enhanced general and domain-specific word knowledge;
the relationships between and among comprehension processes related to print processing abilities, motivation, reader's interest, background knowledge, cognitive abilities, knowledge of academic discourse, and print and digital text; and
the development of academic language and its impact on learning and school success;
the ability to use a wide range of instructional practices, approaches, methods, and curriculum materials to support reading instruction including:
the appropriate applications of a variety of instructional frameworks that are effective in meeting the needs of readers of varying proficiency levels and linguistic backgrounds;
the ability to scaffold instruction for students who experience comprehension difficulties;
the ability to develop and implement effective vocabulary strategies that help students understand words including domain-specific content words;
the ability to identify instructional practices, approaches, and methods and match materials, print and digital, to the cognitive levels of all readers, guided by an evidence-based rationale, which support the developmental, cultural, and linguistic differences of readers; and
the ability to use technology for ongoing assessment, both of learning and for learning, and the evaluation of the use of information and communication technologies and digital resources.
A candidate for licensure to teach technology must have a broad range of targeted field-based experiences, of a minimum of 100 hours prior to student teaching, that provide opportunities to apply and demonstrate competency of professional dispositions and the required skills and knowledge under this part and part 8710.2000.
Across the combination of student teaching and other field-based placements, candidates must have experiences teaching the content at both the middle level, grades 5 through 8, and high school level, grades 9 through 12.
For initial teacher licensure, the student teaching period must be a minimum of 12 continuous weeks, full time, face-to-face, in which the candidate is supervised by a cooperating teacher, and evaluated at least twice by qualified faculty supervisors in collaboration with the cooperating teachers.
A continuing license shall be issued and renewed according to the rules of the Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board governing continuing licensure.
[Repealed, L 2015 c 21 art 1 s 110]
23 SR 1928; 34 SR 595; L 2015 c 21 art 1 s 110; 39 SR 822; L 2017 1Sp5 art 12 s 22
August 21, 2017