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2011 Minnesota Statutes

This is a historical version of this statute section. Also view the most recent published version.

65A.01 MINNESOTA STANDARD FIRE INSURANCE POLICY.

Subdivision 1.Designation and scope.

The printed form of a policy of fire insurance, as set forth in subdivisions 3 and 3a, shall be known and designated as the "Minnesota standard fire insurance policy" to be used in the state of Minnesota. No policy or contract of fire insurance shall be made, issued or delivered by any insurer including reciprocals or interinsurance exchanges or any agent or representative thereof, on any property in this state, unless it shall provide the specified coverage and conform as to all provisions, stipulations, and conditions, with such form of policy, except as provided in sections 60A.08, subdivision 9; 60A.352; 65A.06; 65A.29; 72A.20, subdivision 17; and other statutes containing specific requirements that are inconsistent with the form of this policy. Any policy or contract otherwise subject to the provisions of this subdivision, subdivisions 3 and 3a which includes either on an unspecified basis as to coverage or for a single premium, coverage against the peril of fire and coverage against other perils may be issued without incorporating the exact language of the Minnesota standard fire insurance policy, provided: Such policy or contract shall, with respect to the peril of fire, afford the insured all the rights and benefits of the Minnesota standard fire insurance policy and such additional benefits as the policy provides; the provisions in relation to mortgagee interests and obligations in said Minnesota standard fire insurance policy shall be incorporated therein without change; such policy or contract is complete as to its terms of coverage; and, the commissioner is satisfied that such policy or contract complies with the provisions hereof.

Subd. 2.Company information.

There shall be printed on the first or front page at the head of said "Minnesota standard fire insurance policy" the name of the insurer or insurers issuing the policy, the location of the home office or United States office of the insurer or insurers, a statement whether said insurer or insurers are stock corporations, mutual corporations, reciprocal insurers or Lloyds Underwriters; there may be added thereto such device or devices as the insurer or insurers issuing said policy may desire. Any company organized under special charter provisions may so indicate upon its policy, and may add a statement of the plan under which it operates in this state.

Subd. 2a.Facsimile signatures authorized.

On any policy of insurance regulated under this chapter, the signature of an officer or agent of the insurer may be a facsimile signature.

Subd. 3.Policy provisions.

On said policy following such matter as provided in subdivisions 1 and 2, printed in the English language in type of such size or sizes and arranged in such manner, as is approved by the commissioner of commerce, the following provisions and subject matter shall be stated in the following words and in the following sequence, but with the convenient placing, if desired, of such matter as will act as a cover or back for such policy when folded, with the blanks below indicated being left to be filled in at the time of the issuing of the policy, to wit:

(Space for listing the amounts of insurance, rates and premiums for the basic coverages provided under the standard form of policy and for additional coverages or perils provided under endorsements attached. The description and location of the property covered and the insurable value(s) of any building(s) or structure(s) covered by the policy or its attached endorsements; also in the above space may be stated whether other insurance is limited and if limited the total amount permitted.)

In consideration of the provisions and stipulations herein or added hereto and of the premium above specified this company, for a term of ..... from ..... (At 12:01 a.m. Standard Time) to ..... (At 12:01 a.m. Standard Time) at location of property involved, to an amount not exceeding the amount(s) above specified does insure ..... and legal representatives ...........................................

(In above space may be stated whether other insurance is limited.) (And if limited the total amount permitted.)

Subject to form No.(s) ..... attached hereto.

This policy is made and accepted subject to the foregoing provisions and stipulations and those hereinafter stated, which are hereby made a part of this policy, together with such provisions, stipulations and agreements as may be added hereto as provided in this policy.

The insurance effected above is granted against all loss or damage by fire originating from any cause, except as hereinafter provided, also any damage by lightning and by removal from premises endangered by the perils insured against in this policy, to the property described hereinafter while located or contained as described in this policy, or pro rata for five days at each proper place to which any of the property shall necessarily be removed for preservation from the perils insured against in this policy, but not elsewhere. The amount of said loss or damage, except in case of total loss on buildings, to be estimated according to the actual value of the insured property at the time when such loss or damage happens.

If the insured property shall be exposed to loss or damage from the perils insured against, the insured shall make all reasonable exertions to save and protect same.

This entire policy shall be void if, whether before a loss, the insured has willfully, or after a loss, the insured has willfully and with intent to defraud, concealed or misrepresented any material fact or circumstance concerning this insurance or the subject thereof, or the interests of the insured therein.

This policy shall not cover accounts, bills, currency, deeds, evidences of debt, money or securities; nor, unless specifically named hereon in writing, bullion, or manuscripts.

This company shall not be liable for loss by fire or other perils insured against in this policy caused, directly or indirectly by: (a) enemy attack by armed forces, including action taken by military, naval or air forces in resisting an actual or immediately impending enemy attack; (b) invasion; (c) insurrection; (d) rebellion; (e) revolution; (f) civil war; (g) usurped power; (h) order of any civil authority except acts of destruction at the time of and for the purpose of preventing the spread of fire, providing that such fire did not originate from any of the perils excluded by this policy.

This company shall not be liable for loss by fire or other perils insured against in a commercial policy caused, directly or indirectly, by terrorism, unless an endorsement specifically assuming coverage for loss or damage caused by terrorism is attached to the policy.

Other insurance may be prohibited or the amount of insurance may be limited by so providing in the policy or an endorsement, rider or form attached thereto.

Unless otherwise provided in writing added hereto this company shall not be liable for loss occurring:

(a) while the hazard is increased by any means within the control or knowledge of the insured; or

(b) while the described premises, whether intended for occupancy by owner or tenant, are vacant or unoccupied beyond a period of 60 consecutive days; or

(c) as a result of explosion or riot, unless fire ensue, and in that event for loss by fire only.

Any other peril to be insured against or subject of insurance to be covered in this policy shall be by endorsement in writing hereon or added hereto.

The extent of the application of insurance under this policy and the contributions to be made by this company in case of loss, and any other provision or agreement not inconsistent with the provisions of this policy, may be provided for in writing added hereto, but no provision may be waived except such as by the terms of this policy is subject to change.

No permission affecting this insurance shall exist, or waiver of any provision be valid, unless granted herein or expressed in writing added hereto. No provision, stipulation or forfeiture shall be held to be waived by any requirements or proceeding on the part of this company relating to appraisal or to any examination provided for herein.

This policy shall be canceled at any time at the request of the insured, in which case this company shall, upon demand and surrender of this policy, refund the excess of paid premium above the customary short rates for the expired time. This policy may be canceled at any time by this company by giving to the insured a written notice of cancellation with or without tender of the excess of paid premium above the pro rata premium for the expired time, which excess, if not tendered, shall be refunded on demand. Notice of cancellation shall state that said excess premium (if not tendered) will be refunded on demand.

If loss hereunder is made payable, in whole or in part, to a designated mortgagee or contract for deed vendor not named herein as insured, such interest in this policy may be canceled by giving to such mortgagee or vendor a ten days' written notice of cancellation.

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this policy, if this policy shall be made payable to a mortgagee or contract for deed vendor of the covered real estate, no act or default of any person other than such mortgagee or vendor or the mortgagee's or vendor's agent or those claiming under the mortgagee or vendor, whether the same occurs before or during the term of this policy, shall render this policy void as to such mortgagee or vendor nor affect such mortgagee's or vendor's right to recover in case of loss on such real estate; provided, that the mortgagee or vendor shall on demand pay according to the established scale of rates for any increase of risks not paid for by the insured; and whenever this company shall be liable to a mortgagee or vendor for any sum for loss under this policy for which no liability exists as to the mortgagor, vendee, or owner, and this company shall elect by itself, or with others, to pay the mortgagee or vendor the full amount secured by such mortgage or contract for deed, then the mortgagee or vendor shall assign and transfer to the company the mortgagee's or vendor's interest, upon such payment, in the said mortgage or contract for deed together with the note and debts thereby secured.

This company shall not be liable for a greater proportion of any loss than the amount hereby insured shall bear to the whole insurance covering the property against the peril involved.

In case of any loss under this policy the insured shall give immediate written notice to this company of any loss, protect the property from further damage, and a statement in writing, signed and sworn to by the insured, shall within 60 days be rendered to the company, setting forth the value of the property insured, except in case of total loss on buildings the value of said buildings need not be stated, the interest of the insured therein, all other insurance thereon, in detail, the purposes for which and the persons by whom the building insured, or containing the property insured, was used, and the time at which and manner in which the fire originated, so far as known to the insured.

The insured, as often as may be reasonably required, shall exhibit to any person designated by this company all that remains of any property herein described, and, after being informed of the right to counsel and that any answers may be used against the insured in later civil or criminal proceedings, the insured shall, within a reasonable period after demand by this company, submit to examinations under oath by any person named by this company, and subscribe the oath. The insured, as often as may be reasonably required, shall produce for examination all records and documents reasonably related to the loss, or certified copies thereof if originals are lost, at a reasonable time and place designated by this company or its representatives, and shall permit extracts and copies thereof to be made.

In case the insured and this company, except in case of total loss on buildings, shall fail to agree as to the actual cash value or the amount of loss, then, on the written demand of either, each shall select a competent and disinterested appraiser and notify the other of the appraiser selected within 20 days of such demand. In case either fails to select an appraiser within the time provided, then a presiding judge of the district court of the county wherein the loss occurs may appoint such appraiser for such party upon application of the other party in writing by giving five days' notice thereof in writing to the party failing to appoint. The appraisers shall first select a competent and disinterested umpire; and failing for 15 days to agree upon such umpire, then a presiding judge of the above mentioned court may appoint such an umpire upon application of party in writing by giving five days' notice thereof in writing to the other party. The appraisers shall then appraise the loss, stating separately actual value and loss to each item; and, failing to agree, shall submit their differences, only, to the umpire. An award in writing, so itemized, of any two when filed with this company shall determine the amount of actual value and loss. Each appraiser shall be paid by the selecting party, or the party for whom selected, and the expense of the appraisal and umpire shall be paid by the parties equally.

It shall be optional with this company to take all of the property at the agreed or appraised value, and also to repair, rebuild or replace the property destroyed or damaged with other of like kind and quality within a reasonable time, on giving notice of its intention so to do within 30 days after the receipt of the proof of loss herein required.

There can be no abandonment to this company of any property.

The amount of loss for which this company may be liable shall be payable 60 days after proof of loss, as herein provided, is received by this company and ascertainment of the loss is made either by agreement between the insured and this company expressed in writing or by the filing with this company of an award as herein provided. It is moreover understood that there can be no abandonment of the property insured to the company, and that the company will not in any case be liable for more than the sum insured, with interest thereon from the time when the loss shall become payable, as above provided.

No suit or action on this policy for the recovery of any claim shall be sustainable in any court of law or equity unless all the requirements of this policy have been complied with, and unless commenced within two years after inception of the loss.

This company is subrogated to, and may require from the insured an assignment of all right of recovery against any party for loss to the extent that payment therefor is made by this company; and the insurer may prosecute therefor in the name of the insured retaining such amount as the insurer has paid.

Assignment of this policy shall not be valid except with the written consent of this company.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this company has executed and attested these presents.

(Signature) (Signature)
(Name of office) (Name of office)

Subd. 3a.Cancellation.

(1) There shall be printed in the policy or an endorsement attached to the policy a printed form in the following words:

When this policy has been issued to cover buildings used for residential purposes other than a hotel or motel and has been in effect for at least 60 days, or if it has been renewed, this policy shall not be canceled, except for one or more of the following reasons which shall be stated in the notice of cancellation:

(a) Nonpayment of premium;

(b) Misrepresentation or fraud made by or with the knowledge of the insured in obtaining the policy or in pursuing a claim thereunder;

(c) An act or omission of the insured which materially increases the risk originally accepted;

(d) Physical changes in the insured property which are not corrected or restored within a reasonable time after they occur and which result in the property becoming uninsurable; or

(e) Nonpayment of dues to an association or organization, other than an insurance association or organization, where payment of dues is a prerequisite to obtaining or continuing the insurance.

Provided, however, that this limitation on cancellation shall not apply to additional coverages in a divisible policy, other than a policy of fire and extended coverage insurance. If this company cancels the additional coverages, it may issue a new, separate fire policy at a premium calculated on a pro rata basis for the remaining period of the original policy.

(2) The provisions of clause (1)(e) shall not be included in the language of the policy or endorsement unless the payment of dues to an association or organization, other than an insurance association or organization, is a prerequisite to obtaining or continuing the insurance.

Subd. 3b.Rescission and voidability.

This policy must not be rescinded or voided except where the insured has willfully and with intent to defraud concealed or misrepresented a material fact or circumstance concerning this insurance or the subject of this insurance or the interests of the insured in this insurance. This provision must not operate to defeat a claim by a third party or a minor child of the named insured for damage or loss for which the policy provides coverage.

Subd. 3c.Time requirements.

(a) In the event of a policy less than 60 days old that is declined, or a policy that it is being canceled for nonpayment of premium, the notice must be mailed to the insured at least 20 days before the effective cancellation date. If a policy is being declined or canceled for underwriting considerations, the insured must be informed of the source from which the information was received.

(b) In the event of a midterm cancellation, for reasons listed in subdivision 3a, or according to policy provisions, notice must be mailed to the insured at least 30 days before the effective cancellation date.

(c) In the event of a nonrenewal, notice must be mailed to the insured at least 60 days before the effective date of nonrenewal, containing the specific underwriting or other reason for the indicated actions.

(d) This subdivision does not apply to commercial policies regulated under sections 60A.36 and 60A.37.

Subd. 4.Additional provisions permitted.

(1) There may be printed in the policy or an endorsement attached to the policy, in case the assured desires liability to attach to several buildings, divisions or locations under one item, a printed form filed with and approved by the commissioner of commerce.

(2) There may be printed in the policy or an endorsement attached to the policy, a printed form in the following words, to wit:

The insured has relinquished all rights to recover for loss or damage by fire from ..... (here insert name of individual, partnership, association or corporation).

(3) There may be printed upon a policy issued in compliance herewith the words "Minnesota standard fire insurance policy."

(4) A company, if incorporated or formed in this state, may print in the policy any provisions which it is authorized or required by law to insert therein, if not incorporated in this state, it may, with the approval of the commissioner of commerce, print in the policy any provision required by its charter or deed of settlement, or by the laws of its own state or country, not contrary to the laws of this state.

(5) Appropriate forms of other contracts or endorsements, whereby the property described in such policy shall be insured against one or more of the additional perils which the insurer is empowered to assume, and forms of provisions or endorsements which serve to modify the policy or premium in favor of the insured, may be attached to, used in or in connection with the Minnesota standard fire insurance policy when approved by the commissioner of commerce. Such forms of other contracts, provisions or endorsements attached to or printed thereon may contain provisions and stipulations inconsistent with the Minnesota standard fire insurance policy if applicable only to such other perils. There may be placed upon the Minnesota standard fire insurance policy, in such manner and form as is approved by the commissioner of commerce, such data as may be conveniently included for duplication on the daily reports for the office records of the company writing the policy.

(6) A company may print or use on its policy, printed forms covering the maintenance or supervision of security guard's service, automatic sprinkler service or the maintenance of a clear space in lumber yards, when approved by the commissioner of commerce, but no such clause shall contain any provision calling for the lapse or the suspension of the insurance coverage.

(7) A company may print or use in its policy printed forms for insurance against loss of rents and rental value, leasehold values, use and occupancy, and indirect or consequential loss or damage caused by change of temperature resulting from the destruction of refrigeration or cooling apparatus, or any of its connections. It may also use a form specifically excluding the last mentioned hazard.

All contracts of insurance against loss of rents or rental values, use and occupancy, shall contain the following provisions:

The period of indemnity under this contract shall be limited to such length of time (commencing with the date of the fire or lightning and not limited by the date of the expiration of the policy) as would be required through the exercise of due diligence and dispatch to rebuild, repair or replace such part of the property described in said policy as may be destroyed or damaged.

(8) There may be printed in the policy in a convenient place approved by the commissioner of commerce, or on an endorsement attached to the policy, a printed form providing that in the case of loss, such loss shall be payable to the mortgagee, or other persons, as their interest may appear, to wit:

Subject to the stipulations, provisions and conditions contained in this policy, the loss, if any, is payable to ....., mortgagee, as the mortgagee's interest may appear.

Subd. 5.Provision prohibited, total loss; limiting amount to be paid.

No provision shall be attached to or included in such policy limiting the amount to be paid in case of total loss on buildings by fire, lightning or other hazard to less than the amount of insurance on the same.

Subd. 6.Clear statement of reasons for cancellation.

When policies covered by this section are subject to limitations or cancellation as provided in subdivision 3a, the notice of cancellation shall include a statement of the reason for cancellation in a sufficiently clear and specific form so that an insured of reasonable intelligence will be able to identify the basis for the company's cancellation without making further inquiry.

700 State Office Building, 100 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, MN 55155 ♦ Phone: (651) 296-2868 ♦ TTY: 1-800-627-3529 ♦ Fax: (651) 296-0569