|322.03||BUSINESS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED ON.|
|322.04||CHARACTER OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.|
|322.05||NAME NOT TO CONTAIN SURNAME OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.06||LIABILITY FOR FALSE STATEMENTS IN CERTIFICATE.|
|322.07||LIMITED PARTNER NOT LIABLE TO CREDITORS.|
|322.08||ADMISSION OF ADDITIONAL LIMITED PARTNERS.|
|322.09||RIGHTS, POWERS, AND LIABILITIES OF A GENERAL PARTNER.|
|322.10||RIGHTS OF A LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.11||STATUS OF PERSON ERRONEOUSLY BELIEVING TO BE A LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.12||ONE PERSON BOTH GENERAL AND LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.13||LOANS AND OTHER BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS WITH LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.14||RELATION OF LIMITED PARTNERS INTER SE.|
|322.15||COMPENSATION OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.16||WITHDRAWAL OR REDUCTION OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.|
|322.17||LIABILITY OF LIMITED PARTNER TO PARTNERSHIP.|
|322.18||NATURE OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.|
|322.19||ASSIGNMENT OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.|
|322.20||EFFECT OF RETIREMENT, DEATH, OR INSANITY OF A GENERAL PARTNER.|
|322.21||DEATH OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.22||RIGHTS OF CREDITORS OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.23||DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS.|
|322.24||WHEN CERTIFICATE SHALL BE CANCELED OR AMENDED.|
|322.25||REQUIREMENTS FOR AMENDMENT AND FOR CANCELLATION OF CERTIFICATE.|
|322.26||PARTIES TO ACTIONS.|
|322.28||RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.|
|322.29||RULES FOR CASES NOT PROVIDED FOR.|
|322.30||PROVISIONS FOR EXISTING LIMITED PARTNERSHIPS.|
A limited partnership is a partnership formed by two or more persons under the provisions of section 322.02, having as members one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. The limited partners as such shall not be bound by the obligations of the partnership.
Two or more persons desiring to form a limited partnership shall:
(1) Sign and acknowledge or swear to a certificate, which shall state:
(a) the name of the partnership;
(b) the character of the business;
(c) the location of the principal place of business;
(d) the name and place of residence of each member; general and limited partners being, respectively designated;
(e) the term for which the partnership is to exist;
(f) the amount of cash and a description of and the agreed value of the other property contributed by each limited partner;
(g) the additional contributions, if any, agreed to be made by each limited partner and the times at which or events on the happening of which they shall be made;
(h) the time, if agreed upon, when the contribution of each limited partner is to be returned;
(i) the share of the profits or the other compensation by way of income which each limited partner shall receive by reason of that partner's contribution;
(j) the right, if given, of a limited partner to substitute an assignee as contributor in that partner's place, and the terms and conditions of the substitution;
(k) the right, if given, of the partners to admit additional limited partners;
(l) the right, if given, of one or more of the limited partners to priority over other limited partners, as to contributions or as to compensation by the way of income, and the nature of such priority;
(m) the right, if given, of the remaining general partner or partners to continue the business on the death, retirement, or insanity of a general partner; and
(n) the right, if given, of a limited partner to demand and receive property other than cash in return for that partner's contribution; and
(2) Record the certificate in the office of the county recorder of the county where the principal place of business is situated.
A limited partnership is formed if there has been substantial compliance in good faith with the requirements of this section.
A limited partnership may carry on any business which a partnership without limited partners may carry on.
The contributions of a limited partner may be cash or other property, but not services.
The surname of a limited partner shall not appear in the partnership name, unless:
(1) it is also the surname of a general partner; or
(2) prior to the time when the limited partner became such the business had been carried on under a name in which that partner's surname appeared.
A limited partner whose name appears in a partnership name contrary to the provisions of this section is liable as a general partner to partnership creditors who extend credit to the partnership without actual knowledge that the limited partner is not a general partner.
If the certificate contains a false statement, one who suffers loss by reliance on such statement may hold liable any party to the certificate who knew the statement to be false
(1) at the time of signing the certificate, or
(2) subsequently, but within a sufficient time before the statement was relied upon to enable the signer to cancel or amend the certificate, or to file a petition for its cancellation or amendment, as provided in section 322.25, subdivision 3.
A limited partner shall not become liable as a general partner without taking part in the control of the business in addition to exercising rights and powers as a limited partner.
After the formation of a limited partnership additional limited partners may be admitted upon filing an amendment to the original certificate in accordance with the requirements of section 322.25.
A general partner shall have all the rights and powers and be subject to all the restrictions and liabilities of a partner in a partnership without limited partners, except that without the written consent or ratification of the specific act by all the limited partners, a general partner or all of the general partners have no authority to
(1) do any act in contravention of the certificate;
(2) do any act which would make it impossible to carry on the ordinary business of the partnership;
(3) confess a judgment against the partnership;
(4) possess partnership property, or assign their rights in specific partnership property, for other than a partnership purpose;
(5) admit a person as a general partner;
(6) admit a person as a limited partner unless the right so to do is given in the certificate; or
(7) continue the business with partnership property on the death, retirement, or insanity of a general partner, unless the right so to do is given in the certificate.
A limited partner shall have the same rights as a general partner to
(1) Have the partnership books kept at the principal place of business of the partnership, and at all times to inspect and copy any of them;
(2) Have on demand full and true information of all things affecting the partnership, and a formal account of the partnership affairs whenever circumstances render it just and reasonable; and
(3) Have a dissolution and winding up by decree of court.
A limited partner shall have the right to receive a share of the profits or other compensation by way of income, and to the return of that partner's contribution as provided in sections 322.15 and 322.16.
A contributor to the capital of a business conducted by a person or partnership erroneously believing that the contributor has become a limited partner in a limited partnership is not, by reason of the exercise of the rights of a limited partnership, a general partner with the person or in the partnership carrying on the business, or bound by the obligations of such person or partnership; provided, that, on ascertaining the mistake, the contributor promptly renounces interest in the profits of the business, or other compensation by way of income.
A person may be a general and a limited partner in the same partnership at the same time.
A person who is a general, and also at the same time a limited, partner shall have all the rights and powers and be subject to all the restrictions of a general partner; except that, in respect to contribution, the person shall have the rights against the other members as if the person were not also a general partner.
A limited partner also may loan money to and transact other business with the partnership, and, unless also a general partner, receive on account of resulting claims against the partnership, with general creditors, a pro rata share of the assets. No limited partner shall, in respect to any such claim,
(1) receive or hold as collateral security any partnership property, or
(2) receive from a general partner or the partnership any payment, conveyance, or release from liability, if at the time the assets of the partnership are not sufficient to discharge partnership liabilities to persons not claiming as general or limited partners.
The receiving of collateral security, or a payment, conveyance, or release, in violation of the provisions of this section, is a fraud on the creditors of the partnership.
Where there are several limited partners the members may agree that one or more of the limited partners shall have a priority over other limited partners as to the return of their contributions, as to their compensation by way of income, or as to any other matter. If such an agreement is made it shall be stated in the certificate and, in the absence of such a statement, all the limited partners shall stand upon equal footing.
A limited partner may receive from the partnership the share of the profits or the compensation by way of income stipulated for in the certificate; provided, that, after such payment is made, whether from the property of the partnership or that of a general partner, the partnership assets are in excess of all liabilities of the partnership except liabilities to limited partners on account of their contributions and to general partners.
A limited partner shall not receive from a general partner or out of partnership property any part of contribution until:
(1) all liabilities of the partnership, except liabilities to general partners and to limited partners on account of their contributions, have been paid or there remains property of the partnership sufficient to pay them;
(2) the consent of all members is had, unless the return of the contribution may be rightfully demanded under the provisions of subdivision 2; and
(3) the certificate is canceled or so amended as to set forth the withdrawal or reduction.
Subject to the provisions of subdivision 1, a limited partner may rightfully demand the return of contribution:
(1) on the dissolution of a partnership, or
(2) when the date specified in the certificate for its return has arrived, or
(3) after giving six months' notice, in writing, to all other members, if no time is specified in the certificate either for the return of the contribution or for the dissolution of the partnership.
In the absence of any statement in the certificate to the contrary or the consent of all members, a limited partner, irrespective of the nature of contribution, has only the right to demand and receive cash in return for contribution.
A limited partner may have the partnership dissolved and its affairs wound up:
(1) upon rightfully but unsuccessfully demanding the return of contribution, or
(2) when the other liabilities of the partnership have not been paid, or the partnership property is insufficient for their payment, as required by subdivision 1, clause (1), and the limited partner would otherwise be entitled to the return of contribution.
A limited partner is liable to the partnership
(1) for the difference between contribution as actually made and that stated in the certificate as having been made, and
(2) for any unpaid contribution which the limited partner agreed in the certificate to make in the future at the time and on the conditions stated in the certificate.
A limited partner holds as trustee for the partnership
(1) specific property stated in the certificate as contributed by that partner but which was not contributed or which has been wrongfully returned, and
(2) money or other property wrongfully paid or conveyed to that partner on account of a contribution.
The liabilities of a limited partner, as set forth in this section, can be waived or compromised only by the consent of all members; but a waiver or compromise shall not affect the right of a creditor of a partnership, who extended credit or whose claim arose after the filing and before a cancellation or amendment of the certificate, to enforce such liabilities.
When a contributor has rightfully received the return, in whole or in part, of a capital contribution, the contributor is nevertheless liable to the partnership for any sum, not in excess of such return with interest, necessary to discharge its liabilities to all creditors who extended credit or whose claims arose before such return.
A limited partner's interest in the partnership is personal property.
A limited partner's interest is assignable.
A substituted limited partner is a person admitted to all the rights of a limited partner who has died or has assigned an interest in a partnership.
An assignee, who does not become a substituted limited partner, has no right to require any information or account of the partnership transactions or to inspect the partnership books, but, rather is only entitled to receive the share of the profits or other compensation by way of income, or the return of a contribution, to which the assignor would otherwise be entitled.
An assignee shall have the right to become a substituted limited partner if all the members, except the assignor, consent thereto or if the assignor, being thereunto empowered by the certificate, gives the assignee that right.
An assignee becomes a substituted limited partner when the certificate is appropriately amended in accordance with section 322.25.
The substituted limited partner has all the rights and powers, and is subject to all the restrictions and liabilities, of the assignor, except those liabilities of which the substitute was ignorant at the time of becoming a limited partner and which could not be ascertained from the certificate.
The retirement, death, or insanity of a general partner dissolves the partnership, unless the business is continued by the remaining general partners:
(1) under a right so to do stated in the certificate; or
(2) with the consent of all members.
On the death of a limited partner the executor or administrator shall have all the rights of a limited partner for the purpose of settling the estate, and such power as the deceased had to constitute an assignee a substituted limited partner.
The estate of a deceased limited partner shall be liable for all the decedent's liabilities as limited partner.
On due application to a court of competent jurisdiction by any judgment creditor of a limited partner, the court may charge the interest of the indebted limited partner with payment of the unsatisfied amount of the judgment debt; and may appoint a receiver, and make all other orders, directions and inquiries which the circumstances of the case may require.
The interest may be redeemed with the separate property of any general partner, but may not be redeemed with partnership property.
The remedies conferred by this section shall not be deemed exclusive of others which may exist.
Nothing in this chapter shall be held to deprive a limited partner of a statutory exemption.
In settling accounts after dissolution the liabilities of the partnership shall be entitled to payment in the following order:
(1) those to creditors, in the order of priority as provided by law, except those to limited partners on account of their contributions, and to general partners;
(2) those to limited partners in respect to their share of the profits and other compensation by way of income on their contributions;
(3) those to limited partners in respect to the capital of their contributions;
(4) those to general partners other than for capital and profits;
(5) those to general partners in respect to profits; and
(6) those to general partners in respect to capital.
Subject to any statement in the certificate or to subsequent agreement, limited partners share in the partnership assets in respect to their claims for capital, and in respect to their claims for profits or for compensation by way of income on their contributions, respectively, in proportion to the respective amounts of such claims.
The certificate shall be canceled when the partnership is dissolved or all limited partners cease to be such.
A certificate shall be amended when:
(1) there is a change in the name of the partnership or in the amount or character of the contribution of any limited partner;
(2) a person is substituted as a limited partner;
(3) an additional limited partner is admitted;
(4) a person is admitted as a general partner;
(5) a general partner retires, dies, or becomes insane, and the business is continued under section 322.20;
(6) there is a change in the character of the business of the partnership;
(7) there is a false or erroneous statement in the certificate;
(8) there is a change in the time as stated in the certificate for the dissolution of the partnership or for the return of the contribution;
(9) a time is fixed for the dissolution of the partnership, or the return of a contribution, no time having been specified in the certificate; or
(10) the members desire to make a change in any other statement in the certificate in order that it shall accurately represent the agreement between them.
The writing to amend a certificate shall:
(1) conform to the requirements of section 322.02, clause (1) (a), as far as necessary to set forth clearly the change in the certificate which it is desired to make; and
(2) be signed and acknowledged or sworn to by all members, and an amendment substituting a limited partner or adding a limited or general partner shall be signed also by the member to be substituted or added, and when a limited partner is to be substituted the amendment shall also be signed by the assigning limited partner.
The writing to cancel a certificate shall be signed by all members.
A person desiring the cancellation or amendment of a certificate, if any person designated in subdivisions 1 and 2 as a person who must execute the writing refuses to do so, may petition the district court to direct a cancellation or amendment thereof.
If the court finds that the petitioner has a right to have the writing executed by a person who refuses to do so, it shall order the county recorder in the office where the certificate is recorded to record the cancellation or amendment of the certificate; and where the certificate is to be amended, the court shall also cause to be recorded in that office a certified copy of its decree setting forth the amendment.
A certificate is amended or canceled when there is filed for record in the registry of deeds where the certificate is recorded:
(1) a writing in accordance with the provisions of subdivision 1 or subdivision 2; or
(2) a certified copy of the order of the court in accordance with the provisions of subdivision 4.
After the certificate is duly amended in accordance with this section, the amended certificate shall thereafter be, for all purposes, the certificate provided for by this chapter.
A contributor, unless a general partner, is not a proper party to proceedings by or against a partnership, except where the object is to enforce a limited partner's right against or liability to the partnership.
This chapter may be cited as the Uniform Limited Partnership Act.
The rules that statutes in derogation of the common law are to be strictly construed shall have no application to this chapter.
This chapter shall be so interpreted and construed as to effect its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
This chapter shall not be so construed as to impair the obligations of any contract existing when the chapter became effective, nor to affect any action or proceeding begun or right accrued before this chapter became effective.
In any case not provided for in this chapter the rules of law and equity, including the law merchant, shall govern.
A limited partnership formed under any statute of this state prior to the adoption of this chapter may become a limited partnership under this chapter by complying with the provisions of section 322.02; provided the certificate sets forth:
(1) the amount of the original contribution of each limited partner, and the time when the contribution was made; and
(2) that the property of the partnership exceeds the amount sufficient to discharge its liabilities to persons not claiming as general or limited partners by an amount greater than the sum of the contributions of its limited partners.
A limited partnership formed under any statute of this state prior to the adoption of this chapter, until or unless it becomes a limited partnership under this chapter, shall continue to be governed by the provisions of General Statutes 1913, chapter 57, except that such partnership shall not be renewed unless so provided in the original agreement.
Except as affecting existing limited partnerships to the extent set forth in section 322.30, General Statutes 1913, chapter 57, is hereby repealed.