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358.41 DEFINITIONS.
    As used in sections 358.41 to 358.49:
    (1) "Notarial act" means any act that a notary public of this state is authorized to perform, and
includes taking an acknowledgment, administering an oath or affirmation, taking a verification
upon oath or affirmation, witnessing or attesting a signature, certifying or attesting a copy,
and noting a protest of a negotiable instrument. A notary public may perform a notarial act
by electronic means.
    (2) "Acknowledgment" means a declaration by a person that the person has executed an
instrument or electronic record for the purposes stated therein and, if the instrument or electronic
record is executed in a representative capacity, that the person signed the instrument with proper
authority and executed it as the act of the person or entity represented and identified therein.
    (3) "Verification upon oath or affirmation" means a declaration that a statement is true
made by a person upon oath or affirmation.
    (4) "In a representative capacity" means:
    (i) for and on behalf of a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, or other
entity, as an authorized officer, agent, partner, trustee, or other representative;
    (ii) as a public officer, personal representative, guardian, or other representative, in the
capacity recited in the instrument;
    (iii) as an attorney in fact for a principal; or
    (iv) in any other capacity as an authorized representative of another.
    (5) "Notarial officer" means a notary public or other officer authorized to perform notarial
acts.
    (6) "Electronic signature" means an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or
logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign
the record.
    (7) "Electronic record" means a record created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or
stored by electronic means.
History: 1985 c 268 s 2; 2006 c 260 art 7 s 1; 2007 c 148 art 2 s 63