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629.72 BAIL IN CASES OF DOMESTIC ABUSE, HARASSMENT, VIOLATION OF
AN ORDER FOR PROTECTION, OR VIOLATION OF A DOMESTIC ABUSE NO
CONTACT ORDER.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. (a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the
meanings given them.
(b) "Domestic abuse" has the meaning given in section 518B.01, subdivision 2.
(c) "Harassment" has the meaning given in section 609.749.
(d) "Violation of a domestic abuse no contact order" has the meaning given in section
518B.01, subdivision 22.
(e) "Violation of an order for protection" has the meaning given in section 518B.01,
subdivision 14
.
    Subd. 1a. Allowing detention in lieu of citation; release. (a) Notwithstanding any other law
or rule, an arresting officer may not issue a citation in lieu of arrest and detention to an individual
charged with harassment, domestic abuse, violation of an order for protection, or violation of
a domestic abuse no contact order.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law or rule, an individual who is arrested on a charge of
harassing any person, domestic abuse, violation of an order for protection, or violation of a
domestic abuse no contact order, must be brought to the police station or county jail. The officer
in charge of the police station or the county sheriff in charge of the jail shall issue a citation in
lieu of continued detention unless it reasonably appears to the officer or sheriff that release of the
person (1) poses a threat to the alleged victim or another family or household member, (2) poses
a threat to public safety, or (3) involves a substantial likelihood the arrested person will fail to
appear at subsequent proceedings.
(c) If the arrested person is not issued a citation by the officer in charge of the police station
or the county sheriff, the arrested person must be brought before the nearest available judge of
the district court in the county in which the alleged harassment, domestic abuse, violation of
an order for protection, or violation of a domestic abuse no contact order took place without
unnecessary delay as provided by court rule.
    Subd. 2. Judicial review; release; bail. (a) The judge before whom the arrested person
is brought shall review the facts surrounding the arrest and detention of a person arrested for
domestic abuse, harassment, violation of an order for protection, or violation of a domestic abuse
no contact order. The prosecutor or prosecutor's designee shall present relevant information
involving the victim's or the victim's family's account of the alleged crime to the judge to be
considered in determining the arrested person's release. In making a decision concerning pretrial
release conditions of a person arrested for domestic abuse, harassment, violation of an order for
protection, or violation of a domestic abuse no contact order, the judge shall review the facts of
the arrest and detention of the person and determine whether: (1) release of the person poses a
threat to the alleged victim, another family or household member, or public safety; or (2) there is a
substantial likelihood the person will fail to appear at subsequent proceedings. Before releasing a
person arrested for or charged with a crime of domestic abuse, harassment, violation of an order
for protection, or violation of a domestic abuse no contact order, the judge shall make findings
on the record, to the extent possible, concerning the determination made in accordance with the
factors specified in clauses (1) and (2).
(b) The judge may impose conditions of release or bail, or both, on the person to protect the
alleged victim or other family or household members and to ensure the appearance of the person
at subsequent proceedings. These conditions may include an order:
(1) enjoining the person from threatening to commit or committing acts of domestic abuse or
harassment against the alleged victim or other family or household members or from violating
an order for protection or a domestic abuse no contact order;
(2) prohibiting the person from harassing, annoying, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
communicating with the alleged victim, either directly or indirectly;
(3) directing the person to vacate or stay away from the home of the alleged victim and to
stay away from any other location where the alleged victim is likely to be;
(4) prohibiting the person from possessing a firearm or other weapon specified by the court;
(5) prohibiting the person from possessing or consuming alcohol or controlled substances;
and
(6) specifying any other matter required to protect the safety of the alleged victim and to
ensure the appearance of the person at subsequent proceedings.
(c) If conditions of release are imposed, the judge shall issue a written order for conditional
release. The court administrator shall immediately distribute a copy of the order for conditional
release to the agency having custody of the arrested person and shall provide the agency having
custody of the arrested person with any available information on the location of the victim in a
manner that protects the victim's safety. Either the court or its designee or the agency having
custody of the arrested person shall serve upon the defendant a copy of the order. Failure to
serve the arrested person with a copy of the order for conditional release does not invalidate
the conditions of release.
(d) If the judge imposes as a condition of release a requirement that the person have no
contact with the alleged victim, the judge may also, on its own motion or that of the prosecutor or
on request of the victim, issue an ex parte temporary restraining order under section 609.748,
subdivision 4
, or an ex parte temporary order for protection under section 518B.01, subdivision
7
. Notwithstanding section 518B.01, subdivision 7, paragraph (b), or 609.748, subdivision 4,
paragraph (c), the temporary order is effective until the defendant is convicted or acquitted, or
the charge is dismissed, provided that upon request the defendant is entitled to a full hearing on
the restraining order under section 609.748, subdivision 5, or on the order for protection under
section 518B.01. The hearing must be held within seven days of the defendant's request.
    Subd. 2a. Electronic monitoring as a condition of pretrial release. (a) Until the
commissioner of corrections has adopted standards governing electronic monitoring devices
used to protect victims of domestic abuse, the court, as a condition of release, may not order a
person arrested for a crime described in section 609.135, subdivision 5a, paragraph (b), to use an
electronic monitoring device to protect a victim's safety.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), district courts in the Tenth Judicial District may order, as
a condition of a release, a person arrested on a charge of a crime described in section 609.135,
subdivision 5a
, paragraph (b), to use an electronic monitoring device to protect the victim's safety.
The courts shall make data on the use of electronic monitoring devices to protect a victim's safety
in the Tenth Judicial District available to the commissioner of corrections to evaluate and to aid in
development of standards for the use of devices to protect victims of domestic abuse.
    Subd. 3. Release. If the arrested person is not issued a citation by the officer in charge of
the police station or the county sheriff pursuant to subdivision 1, and is not brought before a
judge within the time limits prescribed by court rule, the arrested person shall be released by the
arresting authorities, and a citation must be issued in lieu of continued detention.
    Subd. 4. Service of restraining order or order for protection. If a restraining order is
issued under section 609.748 or an order for protection is issued under section 518B.01 while
the arrested person is still in detention, the order must be served upon the arrested person during
detention if possible.
    Subd. 5. Violations of conditions of release. The judge who released the arrested person
shall issue a warrant directing that the person be arrested and taken immediately before the
judge, if the judge:
(1) receives an application alleging that the arrested person has violated the conditions
of release; and
(2) finds that probable cause exists to believe that the conditions of release have been violated.
    Subd. 6. Notice regarding release of arrested person. (a) Immediately after issuance of a
citation in lieu of continued detention under subdivision 1, or the entry of an order for release
under subdivision 2, but before the arrested person is released, the agency having custody of the
arrested person or its designee must make a reasonable and good faith effort to inform orally the
alleged victim, local law enforcement agencies known to be involved in the case, if different from
the agency having custody, and, at the victim's request any local battered women's and domestic
abuse programs established under section 611A.32 or sexual assault programs of:
(1) the conditions of release, if any;
(2) the time of release;
(3) the time, date, and place of the next scheduled court appearance of the arrested person
and the victim's right to be present at the court appearance; and
(4) if the arrested person is charged with domestic abuse, the location and telephone number
of the area battered women's shelter as designated by the Department of Corrections.
(b) As soon as practicable after an order for conditional release is entered, the agency
having custody of the arrested person or its designee must personally deliver or mail to the
alleged victim a copy of the written order and written notice of the information in paragraph (a),
clauses (2) and (3).
    Subd. 7. Notice to victim regarding bail hearing. When a person arrested for or a juvenile
detained for domestic assault or harassment is scheduled to be reviewed under subdivision 2 for
release from pretrial detention, the court shall make a reasonable good faith effort to notify: (1)
the victim of the alleged crime; (2) if the victim is incapacitated or deceased, the victim's family;
and (3) if the victim is a minor, the victim's parent or guardian. The notification must include:
(a) the date and approximate time of the review;
(b) the location where the review will occur;
(c) the name and telephone number of a person that can be contacted for additional
information; and
(d) a statement that the victim and the victim's family may attend the review.
History: 1978 c 724 s 3; 1983 c 226 s 2; 1984 c 433 s 2,3; 1985 c 265 art 10 s 1; 1986 c
444; 1987 c 115 s 1-3; 1991 c 272 s 17; 1992 c 571 art 6 s 24; 1993 c 326 art 2 s 31; 1995 c 226
art 7 s 20-22; 1996 c 380 s 1-3; 2000 c 445 art 2 s 29; 1Sp2001 c 8 art 10 s 18