Subdivision 1. Reports of death.
All sudden or unexpected deaths and all deaths that may be
due entirely or in part to any factor other than natural disease processes must be promptly reported
to the coroner or medical examiner for evaluation. Sufficient information must be provided to the
coroner or medical examiner. Reportable deaths include, but are not limited to:
(1) unnatural deaths, including violent deaths arising from homicide, suicide, or accident;
(2) deaths due to a fire or associated with burns or chemical, electrical, or radiation injury;
(3) unexplained or unexpected perinatal and postpartum maternal deaths;
(4) deaths under suspicious, unusual, or unexpected circumstances;
(5) deaths of persons whose bodies are to be cremated or otherwise disposed of so that the
bodies will later be unavailable for examination;
(6) deaths of inmates of public institutions and persons in custody of law enforcement
officers who have not been hospitalized primarily for organic disease;
(7) deaths that occur during, in association with, or as the result of diagnostic, therapeutic, or
(8) deaths due to culpable neglect;
(9) stillbirths of 20 weeks or longer gestation unattended by a physician;
(10) sudden deaths of persons not affected by recognizable disease;
(11) unexpected deaths of persons notwithstanding a history of underlying disease;
(12) deaths in which a fracture of a major bone such as a femur, humerus, or tibia has
occurred within the past six months;
(13) deaths unattended by a physician occurring outside of a licensed health care facility or
licensed residential hospice program;
(14) deaths of persons not seen by their physician within 120 days of demise;
(15) deaths of persons occurring in an emergency department;
(16) stillbirths or deaths of newborn infants in which there has been maternal use of or
exposure to unprescribed controlled substances including street drugs or in which there is history
or evidence of maternal trauma;
(17) unexpected deaths of children;
(18) solid organ donors;
(19) unidentified bodies;
(20) skeletonized remains;
(21) deaths occurring within 24 hours of arrival at a health care facility if death is unexpected;
(22) deaths associated with the decedent's employment;
(23) deaths of nonregistered hospice patients or patients in nonlicensed hospice programs;
(24) deaths attributable to acts of terrorism.
The coroner or medical examiner shall determine the extent of the coroner's or medical examiner's
investigation, including whether additional investigation is needed by the coroner or medical
examiner, jurisdiction is assumed, or an autopsy will be performed, notwithstanding any other
Subd. 1a. Commissioner of corrections; investigation of deaths.
For deaths occurring
within a facility licensed by the Department of Corrections, the coroner or medical examiner shall
ensure that a forensic pathologist who is certified by the American Board of Pathology reviews
each death and performs an autopsy on all unnatural, unattended, or unexpected deaths and
others as necessary.
Subd. 1b. Hospice registration.
Each coroner and medical examiner shall establish a
registration policy regarding hospice patients. If a hospice patient is determined to be properly
preregistered, the coroner or medical examiner may treat the death as attended by a physician.
Subd. 2. Autopsies.
The coroner or medical examiner may order an autopsy, at the coroner
or medical examiner's sole discretion, in the case of any human death referred to in subdivision 1,
when, in the judgment of the coroner or medical examiner the public interest would be served
by an autopsy. The autopsy shall be performed without unnecessary delay. A report of the facts
developed by the autopsy and findings of the person performing the autopsy shall be made
promptly and filed in the office of the coroner or medical examiner. When further investigation is
deemed advisable, a copy of the report shall be delivered to the county attorney. Every autopsy
performed pursuant to this subdivision shall, whenever practical, be performed in the county
morgue. Nothing herein shall require the coroner or medical examiner to order an autopsy upon
the body of a deceased person if the person died of known or ascertainable causes or had been
under the care of a licensed physician immediately prior to death or if the coroner or medical
examiner determines the autopsy to be unnecessary.
Autopsies performed pursuant to this subdivision may include the removal, retention, testing,
or use of organs, parts of organs, fluids or tissues, at the discretion of the coroner or medical
examiner, when removal, retention, testing, or use may be useful in determining or confirming
the cause of death, mechanism of death, manner of death, identification of the deceased,
presence of disease or injury, or preservation of evidence. Such tissue retained by the coroner or
medical examiner pursuant to this subdivision shall be disposed of in accordance with standard
biohazardous hospital or surgical material and does not require specific consent or notification of
the legal next of kin. When removal, retention, testing, and use of organs, parts of organs, fluids,
or tissues is deemed beneficial, and is done only for research or the advancement of medical
knowledge and progress, written consent or documented oral consent shall be obtained from the
legal next of kin, if any, of the deceased person prior to the removal, retention, testing, or use.
Subd. 2a. Deaths caused by fire; autopsies.
The coroner or medical examiner shall conduct
an autopsy or require that one be performed in the case of a death reported to the coroner or
medical examiner by the state fire marshal or a chief officer under section
5, and apparently caused by fire, and in which the decedent is pronounced dead outside of a
hospital or in which identification of the decedent has not been confirmed. If the decedent has
died in a hospital and identification is not in question, an autopsy may be performed or ordered
by the coroner or medical examiner.
Subd. 3. Exhumation; disinterment.
The coroner or medical examiner may exhume
any human body and perform an autopsy on it in the case of any human death referred to in
subdivision 1 when the coroner or medical examiner judges that the public interest requires an
autopsy. No exhumation shall be conducted unless the surviving legal next of kin consents to it,
or the district court of the county where the body is located or buried orders it. Notice of such
exhumation shall be given as directed by the district court. Application for an order may be made
by the coroner, medical examiner, or county attorney of the county where the body is located or
buried, and shall be granted upon a showing that the court deems appropriate.
Subd. 4. Assistance of medical specialists.
If during an investigation the coroner or medical
examiner believes the assistance of pathologists, toxicologists, laboratory technicians, or other
medical, scientific, or forensic experts is necessary to determine or confirm the cause or manner of
death, identification, time of death, or to address other issues requiring expert opinion, the coroner
or medical examiner may obtain their assistance.
Subd. 5. Inquest.
An inquest into a death may be held at the request of the medical examiner
and the county attorney or the coroner and the county attorney. An inquest is optional and the
coroner or medical examiner may investigate and certify a death without one. The coroner or
medical examiner and county attorney may decide how to empanel the inquest. Inquest records
will be made public, but the record and report of the inquest proceedings may not be used in
evidence in any civil action arising out of the death for which an inquest was ordered. Whenever
the decision is made to hold an inquest, the county attorney may issue subpoenas for witnesses
and enforce their attendance. The persons served with subpoenas shall be allowed the same
compensation and be subject to the same enforcement and penalties as provided by Rule 22 of
the Minnesota Rules of Criminal Procedure.
Subd. 6. Records kept by coroner or medical examiner.
The coroner or medical examiner
shall keep full and complete records, properly indexed, giving the name, if known, of every
person whose death is investigated, the place where the body was found, the date, cause, and
manner of death, and all other available information concerning the death that the coroner or
medical examiner considers pertinent. These records of the coroner or medical examiner are the
property of the county and subject to chapter 13. These records shall be kept at the coroner's or
medical examiner's office, unless no storage space is available. They shall then be kept with
official county records and only released in accordance with the Data Practices Act. Records
shall be kept in accordance with section
Subd. 7. Duty to report.
Deaths of the types described in this section must be promptly
reported for investigation to the coroner or medical examiner and, when appropriate, to the law
enforcement agency with jurisdiction, by the law enforcement officer, attending physician, health
care professional, mortician or funeral director, person in charge of the public institutions referred
to in subdivision 1, or anyone who discovers a deceased person. In a case in which a crime may
be involved, the coroner or medical examiner shall promptly notify the law enforcement agency
with jurisdiction over a criminal investigation of the death.
Subd. 7a. Records and other material available to coroner or medical examiner.
for health data defined in section
13.3805, subdivision 1
, paragraph (a), clause (2), health-related
records or data on a decedent whose death is being investigated under this section shall be made
promptly available to the coroner or medical examiner, upon the coroner's or medical examiner's
written request, by any person, agency, entity, or organization having custody of, possession
of, access to, or knowledge of the records or data. This provision includes records and data,
whether recorded or unrecorded, including but not limited to, records and data, including medical
imaging, concerning medical, surgical, psychiatric, psychological, chemical dependency, or any
other consultation, diagnosis, or treatment. In cases involving a stillborn infant or the death of a
fetus or infant less than one year of age, the prenatal records on the decedent's mother may
also be subpoenaed by the coroner or medical examiner. The coroner or medical examiner
shall pay the reasonable costs of copies of records or data so provided under this section. Data
collected or created pursuant to this subdivision relating to any psychiatric, psychological, or
mental health consultation with, diagnosis of, or treatment of the decedent whose death is being
investigated shall remain confidential or protected nonpublic data, except that the coroner's or
medical examiner's final summary report may contain a summary of, or references to, such data.
Where records of a decedent become part of the medical examiner's or coroner's file, they are not
subject to subpoena or a request for production directed to the medical examiner or coroner. Body
fluids, slides, tissue, organ specimens, radiographs, monitor records, video or other recordings,
and any other material or article of diagnostic value obtained from the decedent prior to death
shall be made available to the coroner or medical examiner upon request. Notwithstanding the
provisions of sections
, the coroner or medical examiner shall have the power
to subpoena any and all documents, records, including medical records, and papers deemed
useful in the investigation of a death.
Subd. 7b. Records released by coroner or medical examiner.
Records and reports,
including those of autopsies performed, generated, and certified by the coroner or medical
examiner shall be admissible as evidence in any court or grand jury proceeding. The admissibility
of such evidence under this subdivision shall not include statements made by witnesses or other
persons unless otherwise admissible.
Subd. 8. Investigation procedure; coroner or medical examiner in charge of body.
notification of the death of any person as defined in this section, the coroner or medical examiner
staff or their designee may proceed to the body, take charge of it, and arrange for transfer of it,
when appropriate. This provision also applies to bones, body parts, and specimens that may be
human remains. Discovery of such bones, body parts, and specimens must be promptly reported
to the coroner or medical examiner. When necessary, the coroner or medical examiner staff, in
coordination with the applicable law enforcement agency, may order that there be no interference
with or compromise of the body or the scene of death. In the event a person is transported
to an emergency vehicle or facility and pronounced dead, the scene of death shall include the
original location of the decedent when first discovered to be ill, unresponsive, or stricken prior
to removal by emergency medical personnel. Any person violating such an order is guilty of a
gross misdemeanor. The coroner or medical examiner staff shall make inquiry regarding the cause
and manner of death and, in cases that fall under the medical examiner's or coroner's jurisdiction,
prepare written findings together with the report of death and its circumstances, which shall be
filed in the office of the coroner or medical examiner.
Subd. 9. Criminal act report.
The coroner or medical examiner shall deliver to the county
attorney copies of reports or other information created by the coroner's or medical examiner's
office in any cases of a potential criminal nature.
Subd. 10. Infant death.
If a child under the age of two years dies suddenly and unexpectedly,
the parents or guardian of the child shall be promptly notified of the availability of counseling
Subd. 11.[Repealed by amendment, 2006 c 260 art 8 s 9
Subd. 12. Authorized removal of brain.
If the coroner or medical examiner is informed by
a physician that a decedent is suspected of having had Alzheimer's disease, the coroner or medical
examiner may authorize the removal of the brain for the purposes of sections
History: (946) RL s 587; 1945 c 529 s 1; 1965 c 761 s 2; 1984 c 637 s 3; 1985 c 265 art 7 s
1; 1Sp1985 c 9 art 2 s 90,91; 1986 c 444; 1991 c 319 s 19; 1993 c 326 art 5 s 4; 1998 c 367 art 9
s 16; 1999 c 227 s 22; 2001 c 210 s 18,19; 2006 c 260 art 8 s 9