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566.18 Remedies for tenants; definitions.

Subdivision 1. Application. As used in sections 566.18 to 566.33, the terms in this section shall have the meanings assigned to them.

Subd. 2. Tenant. "Tenant" means any person who is occupying a dwelling in a building as defined in subdivision 7, under any agreement, lease, or contract, whether oral or written, and for whatever period of time, which requires the payment of money or exchange of services as rent for the use of the dwelling unit, and all other regular occupants of that dwelling unit, and any resident of a manufactured home park.

Subd. 3. Owner. "Owner" means the owner or owners of the freehold of the premises or lesser estate therein, contract vendee, receiver, executor, trustee, lessee, agent, or any other person, firm or corporation directly or indirectly in control of a building subject to the provision of the act.

Subd. 4. Commercial tenant. "Commercial tenant" means any person paying rent in a building defined in subdivision 7 who is not a tenant, as defined in subdivision 2.

Subd. 5. Person. "Person" means a natural person, corporation, partnership or unincorporated association.

Subd. 6. Violation. "Violation" means:

(a) a violation of any state, county or city health, safety, housing, building, fire prevention, or housing maintenance code applicable to the building;

(b) a violation of any of the covenants set forth in section 504.18, subdivision 1, clauses (a) or (b), or in section 504.181, subdivision 1;

(c) a violation of an oral or written agreement, lease or contract for the rental of a dwelling in a building.

Subd. 7. Building. "Building" means:

(a) a building used in whole or in part as a dwelling, including single family homes, multiple family units such as apartments, and structures containing both dwelling units and units used for nondwelling purposes, and also includes a manufactured home park, or

(b) an unoccupied building which was previously used in whole or in part as a dwelling and which constitutes a nuisance under section 561.01.

Subd. 8. Inspector. "Inspector" means the person charged by the governing body of the political subdivision in which a building is situated, with the responsibility of enforcing provisions of local law, the breach of which could constitute a violation as defined in subdivision 6, clause (a), or if no such person, the county agent of a board of health as authorized under section 145A.04 or the chair of the board of county commissioners, and in the case of a manufactured home park, the state department of health, or its designee.

Subd. 9. Neighborhood organization. "Neighborhood organization" means a nonprofit corporation incorporated under chapter 317A that satisfies clauses (1) and (2).

The corporation shall:

(1) designate in its articles of incorporation or bylaws a specific geographic community to which its activities are limited; and

(2) be formed for the purposes of promoting community safety, crime prevention, and housing quality in a nondiscriminatory manner.

For purposes of this chapter, an action taken by a neighborhood organization with the written permission of a tenant means, with respect to a building with multiple dwelling units, an action taken by the neighborhood organization with the written permission of the tenants of a majority of the occupied units.

HIST: 1973 c 611 s 13; 1978 c 598 s 2,3; 1982 c 526 art 2 s 17-19; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 309 s 24; 1989 c 304 s 137; 1990 c 451 s 2,3; 1992 c 376 art 1 s 13; 1993 c 317 s 14,15; 1997 c 239 art 12 s 6

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes