Subdivision 1. Citation. Sections 144.9501 to 144.9509 may be cited as the "childhood lead poisoning act."
Subd. 2. Applicability. The definitions in this section apply to sections 144.9501 to 144.9509.
Subd. 3. Abatement. (a) "Abatement" means any set of measures designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, defined in United States Code, title 42, section 4851, of the federal Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, and that exceed the standards adopted under section 144.9508. Abatement includes:
(1) the removal of lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust, the permanent containment or encapsulation of lead-based paint, the replacement of lead-painted surfaces or fixtures, and the removal or covering of lead-contaminated soil; and
(2) all preparation, cleanup, disposal, and postabatement clearance testing activities associated with these measures.
(b) Abatement does not include:
(1) activities such as remodeling, renovation, installation, rehabilitation, or landscaping activities whose primary intent is to remodel, repair, or restore a given structure or dwelling, rather than to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, even though these activities may incidentally result in a reduction in lead-based paint hazards; and
(2) interim controls for the temporary reduction of exposure to lead hazards such as lead-specific cleaning, repairs, maintenance, painting, and temporary containment.
Subd. 4. Areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure. "Areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure" means a census tract which meets one or more of the following criteria:
(1) elevated blood lead levels have been diagnosed in a population of children or pregnant females;
(2) many residential structures that are known to have or suspected of having deteriorated lead-based paint; or
(3) median soil lead concentrations are greater than 100 parts per million for samples collected according to rules adopted under section 144.9508.
Subd. 5. Bare soil. "Bare soil" means any visible soil that is at least an area of 36 contiguous square inches.
Subd. 6. Board of health. "Board of health" means an administrative authority established under section 145A.03.
Subd. 6a. Child. "Child" means an individual up to 72 months of age.
Subd. 7. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Minnesota department of health.
Subd. 8. Deteriorated paint. "Deteriorated paint" means paint that is chipped, peeled, or otherwise separated from its substrate or that is attached to damaged substrate.
Subd. 9. Elevated blood lead level. "Elevated blood lead level" means a diagnostic blood lead test with a result that is equal to or greater than ten micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood in any person, unless the commissioner finds that a lower concentration is necessary to protect public health.
Subd. 10. Encapsulation. "Encapsulation" means covering a surface coated with paint that exceeds the standards under section 144.9508 with a liquid or solid material, approved by the commissioner, that adheres to the surface, rather than mechanically attaches to it; or covering bare soil that exceeds the standards under section 144.9508 with a permeable material such as vegetation, mulch, or soil that meets the standards under section 144.9508.
Subd. 11. Enclosure. "Enclosure" means covering a surface coated with paint that exceeds the standards under section 144.9508 by mechanically fastening to the surface a durable, solid material approved by the commissioner; or covering bare soil that exceeds the standards under section 144.9508 with an impermeable material, such as asphalt or concrete.
Subd. 12. Inspecting agency. "Inspecting agency" means the commissioner or a board of health.
Subd. 13. Intact paint. "Intact paint" means paint that is not chipped, peeled, or otherwise separated from its substrate or attached to damaged substrate. Painted surfaces which may generate dust but are not chipped, peeled, or otherwise separated from their substrate or attached to damaged substrate are considered to be intact paint.
Subd. 14. Lead contractor. "Lead contractor" means any person who is licensed by the commissioner under section 144.9505.
Subd. 15. Lead hazard. "Lead hazard" means a condition that causes exposure to lead from dust, bare soil, drinking water, or deteriorated paint that exceeds the standards adopted under section 144.9508.
Subd. 16. Lead hazard management. "Lead hazard management" means a process by which a residence is made lead-safe through the use of lead-safe directives provided for under section 144.9503.
Subd. 17. Lead hazard reduction. "Lead hazard reduction" means action undertaken in response to a lead order to make a residence, child care facility, school, or playground lead-safe by complying with the lead standards and methods adopted under section 144.9508, by:
(1) a property owner or lead contractor complying with a lead order issued under section 144.9504; or
(2) a swab team service provided in response to a lead order issued under section 144.9504.
Subd. 18. Lead inspection. "Lead inspection" means a qualitative or quantitative analytical inspection of a residence for deteriorated paint or bare soil and the collection of samples of deteriorated paint, bare soil, dust, or drinking water for analysis to determine if the lead concentrations in the samples exceed standards adopted under section 144.9508. Lead inspection includes the clearance inspection after the completion of a lead order.
Subd. 19. Lead inspector. "Lead inspector" means a person who is licensed by the commissioner to perform a lead inspection under section 144.9506.
Subd. 20. Lead order. "Lead order" means a legal instrument to compel a property owner to engage in lead hazard reduction according to the specifications given by the inspecting agency.
Subd. 21. Lead-safe. "Lead-safe" means a condition in which lead may be present at the residence, child care facility, school, or playground, if the lead concentration in the dust, paint, soil, and water of a residence does not exceed the standards adopted under section 144.9508, or, if the lead concentrations in the paint or soil do exceed the standards, the paint is intact and the soil is not bare.
Subd. 22. Lead-safe directives. "Lead-safe directives" means methods for construction, renovation, remodeling, or maintenance activities that are not regulated as abatement or lead hazard reduction and that are performed so that they do not:
(1) violate the standards under section 144.9508;
(2) create lead dust through the use of prohibited practices;
(3) leave debris or a lead residue that can form a dust;
(4) provide a readily accessible source of lead dust, lead paint, lead paint chips, or lead contaminated soil, after the use of containment methods; and
(5) result in improper disposal of lead contaminated debris, dust, or soil.
Subd. 23. Lead worker. "Lead worker" means any person who is certified by the commissioner under section 144.9505.
Subd. 24. Person. "Person" has the meaning given in section 326.71, subdivision 8.
Subd. 25. Persons at high risk for elevated blood lead level. "Persons at high risk for elevated blood lead level" means:
(1) a child between six and 72 months of age:
(a) who lives in or visits, at least weekly, a residence, child care facility, or school built before 1978 which has peeling or chipping paint, ongoing remodeling or renovation, or bare soil; or
(b) who has a sibling, housemate, or playmate who has been diagnosed with an elevated blood lead level in the last 12 months; and
(2) a pregnant female or a child between six and 72 months of age:
(a) who lives in a census tract found to have a median foundation soil lead value exceeding 100 parts per million of lead;
(b) who lives near an industrial point source that emits lead;
(c) who lives near a road with an average daily traffic which exceeded 5,000 vehicles per day in 1986 or earlier; or
(d) who lives with a person whose occupation or hobby involves exposure to lead.
Subd. 26. Primary prevention. "Primary prevention" means preventing toxic lead exposure before blood levels become elevated.
Subd. 27. Safe housing. "Safe housing" means a residence that is lead-safe.
Subd. 28. Secondary prevention. "Secondary prevention" means intervention to mitigate health effects on people with elevated blood lead levels.
Subd. 29. Swab team services. "Swab team services" means activities that provide protection from lead hazards such as:
(1) removing lead dust by washing, vacuuming with high efficiency particle accumulator (HEPA) or wet vacuum cleaners, and cleaning the interior of residential property;
(2) removing loose paint and paint chips and repainting or installing guards to protect intact paint;
(3) covering or replacing bare soil that has a lead concentration of 100 parts per million or more;
(4) health education;
(5) advice and assistance to help residents locate and move to a temporary residence while lead hazard reduction is being completed; or
(6) any other assistance necessary to meet the resident's immediate needs as a result of the relocation.
Subd. 30. Swab team worker. "Swab team worker" means a person who is certified under section 144.9505.
Subd. 31. Venous blood sample. "Venous blood sample" means a quantity of blood drawn from a vein.
Subd. 32. Voluntary lead hazard reduction. "Voluntary lead hazard reduction" means action undertaken by a property owner with the intention to engage in lead hazard reduction or abatement, but not in response to the issuance of a lead order.