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Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

HF 4667

as introduced - 92nd Legislature (2021 - 2022) Posted on 03/30/2022 01:13pm

KEY: stricken = removed, old language.
underscored = added, new language.

Current Version - as introduced

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A bill for an act
relating to taxation; modifying individual income taxes, property taxes, and various
other taxes; providing onetime income tax rebates and tax relief; repealing the
state general tax; repealing the gross revenues tax on hospitals, surgical centers,
health care providers, and wholesale drug distributors; repealing the estate tax;
repealing the corporate and individual alternative minimum taxes; eliminating
certain income and business taxes and replacing the sales and use tax with a fair
tax; making conforming changes; directing rulemaking; transferring money;
appropriating money; amending Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 273.1231,
subdivision 6; 275.28, subdivision 1; 289A.35; 289A.50, subdivision 1; 289A.56,
subdivision 3; 290.0132, subdivision 26; 290.0136; 290.06, subdivision 2d;
290.491; 297A.61, subdivisions 2, 7, 24; 297A.62, subdivisions 1, 1a; 297A.63,
by adding a subdivision; 469.1794, subdivision 5; Minnesota Statutes 2021
Supplement, sections 273.13, subdivision 25; 275.065, subdivision 3; 289A.38,
subdivision 7; 290.06, subdivision 2c; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota
Statutes, chapter 297A; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 270C.585;
273.42, subdivision 3; 275.025, subdivisions 3, 4, 5, 6; 276.112; 289A.10; 289A.12,
subdivision 18; 289A.18, subdivision 3a; 289A.19, subdivision 4; 289A.20,
subdivisions 3, 3a; 289A.30, subdivision 2; 289A.55, subdivision 7; 290.01,
subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 3, 3a, 3b, 4, 4a, 4c, 5, 5a, 5b, 6, 7, 7a, 7b, 8, 8a, 9, 10, 11,
12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 29, 29a, 30; 290.0131, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14; 290.0132, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26; 290.0133, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12; 290.0134, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16,
17, 18, 19; 290.0135; 290.0136; 290.0137; 290.014; 290.015; 290.02; 290.03;
290.032, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 290.04; 290.05, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 8; 290.06,
subdivisions 1, 2d, 2g, 2h, 23, 27, 28, 29, 33, 35, 37, 38; 290.067, subdivisions 1,
2b, 3, 4; 290.0671, subdivisions 1a, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7; 290.0672, subdivisions 1, 2;
290.0674, subdivisions 1, 2, 2a, 4, 5; 290.0675, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4; 290.0677;
290.0679; 290.068, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6a, 7; 290.0681, subdivisions 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; 290.0684; 290.0685; 290.0686; 290.0692, subdivisions 1, 2, 3,
4, 5, 6; 290.07, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 7; 290.0802; 290.081; 290.091; 290.0921,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 3a, 4, 6, 8; 290.0922, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4; 290.093; 290.095,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 11; 290.10, subdivision 1; 290.17, subdivisions 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6; 290.172; 290.191, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12; 290.20;
290.21, subdivisions 1, 4; 290.22; 290.26, subdivision 6; 290.281, subdivision 1;
290.30; 290.31, subdivision 27; 290.311, subdivision 1; 290.32; 290.34,
subdivisions 1, 2; 290.36; 290.371, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4; 290.431; 290.432;
290.48, subdivision 10; 290.491; 290.62; 290.92, subdivisions 4, 4a, 9, 10, 12, 16,
17, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30; 290.9201, subdivisions 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 11; 290.923,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11; 290.9705, subdivisions 1, 3, 4; 290.9725;
290.9726, subdivisions 1, 2, 4; 290.9727; 290.9728; 290.9729; 290.9741; 290.9742;
291.005; 291.01; 291.016; 291.03, subdivisions 1, 1a, 1d, 8, 9, 10, 11; 291.031;
291.075; 291.12, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 291.13, subdivisions 1, 3; 291.16; 291.21,
subdivision 1; 291.215, subdivision 1; 291.27; 295.50, subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 2a,
2b, 3, 4, 6, 6a, 7, 7a, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12b, 13, 13a, 14, 15, 16; 295.51,
subdivisions 1, 1a; 295.52, subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 3, 4, 4a, 5, 6, 8; 295.53,
subdivisions 2, 3, 4a; 295.54, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 295.55, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7; 295.56; 295.57, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; 295.58; 295.581; 295.582,
subdivisions 1, 2; 295.59; 297A.61, subdivisions 3, 4, 6, 10, 12, 13, 16a, 16b, 16c,
17, 17a, 17b, 18, 25, 26, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44,
45, 46, 49, 58; 297A.62, subdivision 3; 297A.63, subdivision 2; 297A.64; 297A.65;
297A.67, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7a, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 13a, 14, 15, 16,
17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36; 297A.68,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 3a, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23,
24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35a, 36, 37, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45; 297A.69,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7; 297A.70, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9a, 10, 11,
11a, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20; 297A.71, subdivisions 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13,
14, 22, 23, 34, 35, 40, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50; 297A.75, subdivisions 4, 5; 297A.825;
297D.01; 297D.02; 297D.03; 297D.04; 297D.05; 297D.06; 297D.07; 297D.08;
297D.085; 297D.09; 297D.10; 297D.11; 297D.12; 297D.13; 297F.01, subdivisions
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9a, 10, 10a, 10b, 11, 12, 13, 13a, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 21a, 22, 22a, 23; 297F.02; 297F.03; 297F.04, subdivisions 1, 2a, 3; 297F.05,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 3a, 4, 4a, 5, 6, 7; 297F.06; 297F.07; 297F.08, subdivisions 1,
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 8a, 9, 10, 12, 13; 297F.09, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9; 297F.10,
subdivisions 1, 2; 297F.11; 297F.12; 297F.13, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5; 297F.14;
297F.15, subdivisions 9, 10; 297F.17, subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8; 297F.18;
297F.185; 297F.19, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; 297F.20; 297F.21,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 297F.23; 297F.24; 297F.25; 297G.01; 297G.02; 297G.03,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; 297G.031; 297G.032; 297G.04; 297G.05; 297G.06;
297G.07; 297G.08; 297G.09, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10; 297G.10; 297G.11;
297G.12; 297G.13; 297G.14, subdivision 9; 297G.16, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 8, 9; 297G.17; 297G.18, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; 297G.19;
297G.20, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4; 297G.22; 297H.01; 297H.02; 297H.03; 297H.04,
subdivisions 1, 3, 4; 297H.06, subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 297H.07; 297H.08; 297H.09;
297H.10, subdivision 1; 297H.11; 297H.115; 297H.12; 297H.13, subdivisions 1,
2, 5; 297I.01; 297I.05, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14; 297I.06,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3; 297I.10, subdivisions 1, 3, 4; 297I.11, subdivisions 1, 2, 3;
297I.15, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12; 297I.20, subdivisions 1,
2, 3; 297I.25, subdivision 1; 297I.30, subdivisions 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; 297I.35;
297I.40; 297I.60, subdivisions 1, 2; 297I.65; 297I.70; 297I.75; 297I.80; 297I.85;
297I.90; 462D.01; 462D.02; 462D.03; 462D.04; 462D.05; 462D.06; Minnesota
Statutes 2021 Supplement, sections 275.025, subdivisions 1, 2; 290.01, subdivisions
19, 31; 290.06, subdivisions 2c, 22; 290.0671, subdivision 1; 290.0681, subdivision
10; 290.0682; 290.31, subdivision 1; 290.92, subdivisions 1, 2a, 3, 4b, 4c, 5, 5a,
19, 20; 290.923, subdivision 9; 297A.70, subdivisions 3, 13; 297A.75, subdivisions
1, 2, 3; 297F.031; 297F.04, subdivision 2; 297F.09, subdivisions 3, 4a, 7, 10;
297F.13, subdivision 4; 297F.17, subdivisions 1, 6; 297G.09, subdivision 9;
297G.16, subdivision 7; 297H.04, subdivision 2; 297H.05; 297I.20, subdivisions
4, 5.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

ARTICLE 1

INCOME TAX REBATES

Section 1. new text begin TAX RELIEF ACCOUNT.
new text end

new text begin A tax relief account is established in the special revenue fund. Money in the account,
including interest, is appropriated to the commissioner of revenue for purposes of providing
income tax relief under section 4.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE; EXPIRATION. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final
enactment and expires June 30, 2023.
new text end

Sec. 2. new text begin TRANSFER; BUDGET RESERVE.
new text end

new text begin $2,655,745,000 in fiscal year 2022 is transferred from the budget reserve account
established in Minnesota Statutes, section 16A.152, subdivision 1a, to the tax relief account
established in section 1.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 3. new text begin TRANSFER; FISCAL YEAR 2020-2021 ENDING BALANCE.
new text end

new text begin $4,051,863,000 in fiscal year 2022 is transferred from the general fund to the tax relief
account established in section 1.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 4. new text begin INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX REFUNDS.
new text end

new text begin (a) No later than July 1, 2022, the commissioner of revenue must certify to the
commissioner of management and budget the percentage by which each individual income
taxpayer's liability for tax could be proportionally reduced based upon the amount
appropriated to the commissioner from the tax relief account in section 1. The commissioner
must calculate the percentage for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2020, and
before January 1, 2022, only, and for individuals with a positive tax liability in the taxable
years covered.
new text end

new text begin (b) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2020, and before January 1, 2022, the individual income tax liability of any individual
with a positive individual income tax liability under Minnesota Statutes, chapter 290, is
reduced by the percentage certified under paragraph (a).
new text end

new text begin (c) As soon as practicable and no later than August 1, 2022, the commissioner of revenue
must issue rebate checks to any individual income taxpayer whose liability is subject to a
reduction under this section.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2021.
new text end

ARTICLE 2

REPEAL OF CERTAIN STATE TAXES; INCOME TAX RATE REDUCTION

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 273.1231, subdivision 6, is amended to read:


Subd. 6.

Net tax.

"Net tax" means the market value and net tax capacity taxes imposed
on real and personal property under section 272.01deleted text begin , including the levy under section 275.025,deleted text end
after the subtractions listed in section 273.1393, clauses (2) to (9). Net tax excludes special
assessments regardless of how computed.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 273.13, subdivision 25, is amended
to read:


Subd. 25.

Class 4.

(a) Class 4a is residential real estate containing four or more units
and used or held for use by the owner or by the tenants or lessees of the owner as a residence
for rental periods of 30 days or more, excluding property qualifying for class 4d. Class 4a
also includes hospitals licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.56, other than hospitals exempt
under section 272.02, and contiguous property used for hospital purposes, without regard
to whether the property has been platted or subdivided. The market value of class 4a property
has a classification rate of 1.25 percent.

(b) Class 4b includes:

(1) residential real estate containing less than four units, including property rented as a
short-term rental property for more than 14 days in the preceding year, that does not qualify
as class 4bb, other than seasonal residential recreational property;

(2) manufactured homes not classified under any other provision;

(3) a dwelling, garage, and surrounding one acre of property on a nonhomestead farm
classified under subdivision 23, paragraph (b) containing two or three units; and

(4) unimproved property that is classified residential as determined under subdivision
33.

For the purposes of this paragraph, "short-term rental property" means nonhomestead
residential real estate rented for periods of less than 30 consecutive days.

The market value of class 4b property has a classification rate of 1.25 percent.

(c) Class 4bb includes:

(1) nonhomestead residential real estate containing one unit, other than seasonal
residential recreational property;

(2) a single family dwelling, garage, and surrounding one acre of property on a
nonhomestead farm classified under subdivision 23, paragraph (b); and

(3) a condominium-type storage unit having an individual property identification number
that is not used for a commercial purpose.

Class 4bb property has the same classification rates as class 1a property under subdivision
22.

Property that has been classified as seasonal residential recreational property at any time
during which it has been owned by the current owner or spouse of the current owner does
not qualify for class 4bb.

(d) Class 4c property includes:

(1) except as provided in subdivision 22, paragraph (c), real and personal property
devoted to commercial temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreation purposes,
for not more than 250 days in the year preceding the year of assessment. For purposes of
this clause, property is devoted to a commercial purpose on a specific day if any portion of
the property is used for residential occupancy, and a fee is charged for residential occupancy.
Class 4c property under this clause must contain three or more rental units. A "rental unit"
is defined as a cabin, condominium, townhouse, sleeping room, or individual camping site
equipped with water and electrical hookups for recreational vehicles. A camping pad offered
for rent by a property that otherwise qualifies for class 4c under this clause is also class 4c
under this clause regardless of the term of the rental agreement, as long as the use of the
camping pad does not exceed 250 days. In order for a property to be classified under this
clause, either (i) the business located on the property must provide recreational activities,
at least 40 percent of the annual gross lodging receipts related to the property must be from
business conducted during 90 consecutive days, and either (A) at least 60 percent of all paid
bookings by lodging guests during the year must be for periods of at least two consecutive
nights; or (B) at least 20 percent of the annual gross receipts must be from charges for
providing recreational activities, or (ii) the business must contain 20 or fewer rental units,
and must be located in a township or a city with a population of 2,500 or less located outside
the metropolitan area, as defined under section 473.121, subdivision 2, that contains a portion
of a state trail administered by the Department of Natural Resources. For purposes of item
(i)(A), a paid booking of five or more nights shall be counted as two bookings. Class 4c
property also includes commercial use real property used exclusively for recreational
purposes in conjunction with other class 4c property classified under this clause and devoted
to temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreational purposes, up to a total of
two acres, provided the property is not devoted to commercial recreational use for more
than 250 days in the year preceding the year of assessment and is located within two miles
of the class 4c property with which it is used. In order for a property to qualify for
classification under this clause, the owner must submit a declaration to the assessor
designating the cabins or units occupied for 250 days or less in the year preceding the year
of assessment by January 15 of the assessment year. Those cabins or units and a proportionate
share of the land on which they are located must be designated class 4c under this clause
as otherwise provided. The remainder of the cabins or units and a proportionate share of
the land on which they are located will be designated as class 3a. The owner of property
desiring designation as class 4c property under this clause must provide guest registers or
other records demonstrating that the units for which class 4c designation is sought were not
occupied for more than 250 days in the year preceding the assessment if so requested. The
portion of a property operated as a (1) restaurant, (2) bar, (3) gift shop, (4) conference center
or meeting room, and (5) other nonresidential facility operated on a commercial basis not
directly related to temporary and seasonal residential occupancy for recreation purposes
does not qualify for class 4c. For the purposes of this paragraph, "recreational activities"
means renting ice fishing houses, boats and motors, snowmobiles, downhill or cross-country
ski equipment; providing marina services, launch services, or guide services; or selling bait
and fishing tackle;

(2) qualified property used as a golf course if:

(i) it is open to the public on a daily fee basis. It may charge membership fees or dues,
but a membership fee may not be required in order to use the property for golfing, and its
green fees for golfing must be comparable to green fees typically charged by municipal
courses; and

(ii) it meets the requirements of section 273.112, subdivision 3, paragraph (d).

A structure used as a clubhouse, restaurant, or place of refreshment in conjunction with
the golf course is classified as class 3a property;

(3) real property up to a maximum of three acres of land owned and used by a nonprofit
community service oriented organization and not used for residential purposes on either a
temporary or permanent basis, provided that:

(i) the property is not used for a revenue-producing activity for more than six days in
the calendar year preceding the year of assessment; or

(ii) the organization makes annual charitable contributions and donations at least equal
to the property's previous year's property taxes and the property is allowed to be used for
public and community meetings or events for no charge, as appropriate to the size of the
facility.

For purposes of this clause:

(A) "charitable contributions and donations" has the same meaning as lawful gambling
purposes under section 349.12, subdivision 25, excluding those purposes relating to the
payment of taxes, assessments, fees, auditing costs, and utility payments;

deleted text begin (B) "property taxes" excludes the state general tax;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (C) adeleted text end new text begin (B)new text end "nonprofit community service oriented organization" means any corporation,
society, association, foundation, or institution organized and operated exclusively for
charitable, religious, fraternal, civic, or educational purposes, and which is exempt from
federal income taxation pursuant to section 501(c)(3), (8), (10), or (19) of the Internal
Revenue Code; and

deleted text begin (D)deleted text end new text begin (C)new text end "revenue-producing activities" shall include but not be limited to property or
that portion of the property that is used as an on-sale intoxicating liquor or 3.2 percent malt
liquor establishment licensed under chapter 340A, a restaurant open to the public, bowling
alley, a retail store, gambling conducted by organizations licensed under chapter 349, an
insurance business, or office or other space leased or rented to a lessee who conducts a
for-profit enterprise on the premises.

Any portion of the property not qualifying under either item (i) or (ii) is class 3a. The
use of the property for social events open exclusively to members and their guests for periods
of less than 24 hours, when an admission is not charged nor any revenues are received by
the organization shall not be considered a revenue-producing activity.

The organization shall maintain records of its charitable contributions and donations
and of public meetings and events held on the property and make them available upon
request any time to the assessor to ensure eligibility. An organization meeting the requirement
under item (ii) must file an application by May 1 with the assessor for eligibility for the
current year's assessment. The commissioner shall prescribe a uniform application form
and instructions;

(4) postsecondary student housing of not more than one acre of land that is owned by a
nonprofit corporation organized under chapter 317A and is used exclusively by a student
cooperative, sorority, or fraternity for on-campus housing or housing located within two
miles of the border of a college campus;

(5)(i) manufactured home parks as defined in section 327.14, subdivision 3, excluding
manufactured home parks described in items (ii) and (iii), (ii) manufactured home parks as
defined in section 327.14, subdivision 3, that are described in section 273.124, subdivision
3a
, and (iii) class I manufactured home parks as defined in section 327C.01, subdivision
13
;

(6) real property that is actively and exclusively devoted to indoor fitness, health, social,
recreational, and related uses, is owned and operated by a not-for-profit corporation, and is
located within the metropolitan area as defined in section 473.121, subdivision 2;

(7) a leased or privately owned noncommercial aircraft storage hangar not exempt under
section 272.01, subdivision 2, and the land on which it is located, provided that:

(i) the land is on an airport owned or operated by a city, town, county, Metropolitan
Airports Commission, or group thereof; and

(ii) the land lease, or any ordinance or signed agreement restricting the use of the leased
premise, prohibits commercial activity performed at the hangar.

If a hangar classified under this clause is sold after June 30, 2000, a bill of sale must be
filed by the new owner with the assessor of the county where the property is located within
60 days of the sale;

(8) a privately owned noncommercial aircraft storage hangar not exempt under section
272.01, subdivision 2, and the land on which it is located, provided that:

(i) the land abuts a public airport; and

(ii) the owner of the aircraft storage hangar provides the assessor with a signed agreement
restricting the use of the premises, prohibiting commercial use or activity performed at the
hangar; and

(9) residential real estate, a portion of which is used by the owner for homestead purposes,
and that is also a place of lodging, if all of the following criteria are met:

(i) rooms are provided for rent to transient guests that generally stay for periods of 14
or fewer days;

(ii) meals are provided to persons who rent rooms, the cost of which is incorporated in
the basic room rate;

(iii) meals are not provided to the general public except for special events on fewer than
seven days in the calendar year preceding the year of the assessment; and

(iv) the owner is the operator of the property.

The market value subject to the 4c classification under this clause is limited to five rental
units. Any rental units on the property in excess of five, must be valued and assessed as
class 3a. The portion of the property used for purposes of a homestead by the owner must
be classified as class 1a property under subdivision 22;

(10) real property up to a maximum of three acres and operated as a restaurant as defined
under section 157.15, subdivision 12, provided it: (i) is located on a lake as defined under
section 103G.005, subdivision 15, paragraph (a), clause (3); and (ii) is either devoted to
commercial purposes for not more than 250 consecutive days, or receives at least 60 percent
of its annual gross receipts from business conducted during four consecutive months. Gross
receipts from the sale of alcoholic beverages must be included in determining the property's
qualification under item (ii). The property's primary business must be as a restaurant and
not as a bar. Gross receipts from gift shop sales located on the premises must be excluded.
Owners of real property desiring 4c classification under this clause must submit an annual
declaration to the assessor by February 1 of the current assessment year, based on the
property's relevant information for the preceding assessment year;

(11) lakeshore and riparian property and adjacent land, not to exceed six acres, used as
a marina, as defined in section 86A.20, subdivision 5, which is made accessible to the public
and devoted to recreational use for marina services. The marina owner must annually provide
evidence to the assessor that it provides services, including lake or river access to the public
by means of an access ramp or other facility that is either located on the property of the
marina or at a publicly owned site that abuts the property of the marina. No more than 800
feet of lakeshore may be included in this classification. Buildings used in conjunction with
a marina for marina services, including but not limited to buildings used to provide food
and beverage services, fuel, boat repairs, or the sale of bait or fishing tackle, are classified
as class 3a property; and

(12) real and personal property devoted to noncommercial temporary and seasonal
residential occupancy for recreation purposes.

Class 4c property has a classification rate of 1.5 percent of market value, except that (i)
each parcel of noncommercial seasonal residential recreational property under clause (12)
has the same classification rates as class 4bb property, (ii) manufactured home parks assessed
under clause (5), item (i), have the same classification rate as class 4b property, the market
value of manufactured home parks assessed under clause (5), item (ii), have a classification
rate of 0.75 percent if more than 50 percent of the lots in the park are occupied by
shareholders in the cooperative corporation or association and a classification rate of one
percent if 50 percent or less of the lots are so occupied, and class I manufactured home
parks as defined in section 327C.01, subdivision 13, have a classification rate of 1.0 percent,
(iii) commercial-use seasonal residential recreational property and marina recreational land
as described in clause (11), has a classification rate of one percent for the first $500,000 of
market value, and 1.25 percent for the remaining market value, (iv) the market value of
property described in clause (4) has a classification rate of one percent, (v) the market value
of property described in clauses (2), (6), and (10) has a classification rate of 1.25 percent,
(vi) that portion of the market value of property in clause (9) qualifying for class 4c property
has a classification rate of 1.25 percent, and (vii) property qualifying for classification under
clause (3) that is owned or operated by a congressionally chartered veterans organization
has a classification rate of one percent. The commissioner of veterans affairs must provide
a list of congressionally chartered veterans organizations to the commissioner of revenue
by June 30, 2017, and by January 1, 2018, and each year thereafter.

(e) Class 4d property is qualifying low-income rental housing certified to the assessor
by the Housing Finance Agency under section 273.128, subdivision 3. If only a portion of
the units in the building qualify as low-income rental housing units as certified under section
273.128, subdivision 3, only the proportion of qualifying units to the total number of units
in the building qualify for class 4d. The remaining portion of the building shall be classified
by the assessor based upon its use. Class 4d also includes the same proportion of land as
the qualifying low-income rental housing units are to the total units in the building. For all
properties qualifying as class 4d, the market value determined by the assessor must be based
on the normal approach to value using normal unrestricted rents.

(f) The first tier of market value of class 4d property has a classification rate of 0.75
percent. The remaining value of class 4d property has a classification rate of 0.25 percent.
For the purposes of this paragraph, the "first tier of market value of class 4d property" means
the market value of each housing unit up to the first tier limit. For the purposes of this
paragraph, all class 4d property value must be assigned to individual housing units. The
first tier limit is $100,000 for assessment years 2022 and 2023. For subsequent assessment
years, the limit is adjusted each year by the average statewide change in estimated market
value of property classified as class 4a and 4d under this section for the previous assessment
year, excluding valuation change due to new construction, rounded to the nearest $1,000,
provided, however, that the limit may never be less than $100,000. Beginning with
assessment year 2015, the commissioner of revenue must certify the limit for each assessment
year by November 1 of the previous year.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 275.065, subdivision 3, is amended
to read:


Subd. 3.

Notice of proposed property taxes.

(a) The county auditor shall prepare and
the county treasurer shall deliver after November 10 and on or before November 24 each
year, by first class mail to each taxpayer at the address listed on the county's current year's
assessment roll, a notice of proposed property taxes. Upon written request by the taxpayer,
the treasurer may send the notice in electronic form or by electronic mail instead of on paper
or by ordinary mail.

(b) The commissioner of revenue shall prescribe the form of the notice.

(c) The notice must inform taxpayers that it contains the amount of property taxes each
taxing authority proposes to collect for taxes payable the following year. In the case of a
town, deleted text begin or in the case of the state general tax,deleted text end the final tax amount will be its proposed tax.
The notice must clearly state for each city that has a population over 500, county, school
district, regional library authority established under section 134.201, metropolitan taxing
districts as defined in paragraph (i), and fire protection and emergency medical services
special taxing districts established under section 144F.01, the time and place of a meeting
for each taxing authority in which the budget and levy will be discussed and public input
allowed, prior to the final budget and levy determination. The taxing authorities must provide
the county auditor with the information to be included in the notice on or before the time it
certifies its proposed levy under subdivision 1. The public must be allowed to speak at that
meeting, which must occur after November 24 and must not be held before 6:00 p.m. It
must provide a telephone number for the taxing authority that taxpayers may call if they
have questions related to the notice and an address where comments will be received by
mail, except that no notice required under this section shall be interpreted as requiring the
printing of a personal telephone number or address as the contact information for a taxing
authority. If a taxing authority does not maintain public offices where telephone calls can
be received by the authority, the authority may inform the county of the lack of a public
telephone number and the county shall not list a telephone number for that taxing authority.

(d) The notice must state for each parcel:

(1) the market value of the property as determined under section 273.11, and used for
computing property taxes payable in the following year and for taxes payable in the current
year as each appears in the records of the county assessor on November 1 of the current
year; and, in the case of residential property, whether the property is classified as homestead
or nonhomestead. The notice must clearly inform taxpayers of the years to which the market
values apply and that the values are final values;

(2) the items listed below, shown separately by county, city or town, deleted text begin and state general
tax,
deleted text end agricultural homestead credit under section 273.1384, school building bond agricultural
credit under section 273.1387, voter approved school levy, other local school levy, and the
sum of the special taxing districts, and as a total of all taxing authorities:

(i) the actual tax for taxes payable in the current year; and

(ii) the proposed tax amount.

If the county levy under clause (2) includes an amount for a lake improvement district
as defined under sections 103B.501 to 103B.581, the amount attributable for that purpose
must be separately stated from the remaining county levy amount.

In the case of a town deleted text begin or the state general taxdeleted text end , the final tax shall also be its proposed tax
unless the town changes its levy at a special town meeting under section 365.52. If a school
district has certified under section 126C.17, subdivision 9, that a referendum will be held
in the school district at the November general election, the county auditor must note next
to the school district's proposed amount that a referendum is pending and that, if approved
by the voters, the tax amount may be higher than shown on the notice. In the case of the
city of Minneapolis, the levy for Minneapolis Park and Recreation shall be listed separately
from the remaining amount of the city's levy. In the case of the city of St. Paul, the levy for
the St. Paul Library Agency must be listed separately from the remaining amount of the
city's levy. In the case of Ramsey County, any amount levied under section 134.07 may be
listed separately from the remaining amount of the county's levy. In the case of a parcel
where tax increment or the fiscal disparities areawide tax under chapter 276A or 473F
applies, the proposed tax levy on the captured value or the proposed tax levy on the tax
capacity subject to the areawide tax must each be stated separately and not included in the
sum of the special taxing districts; and

(3) the increase or decrease between the total taxes payable in the current year and the
total proposed taxes, expressed as a percentage.

For purposes of this section, the amount of the tax on homesteads qualifying under the
senior citizens' property tax deferral program under chapter 290B is the total amount of
property tax before subtraction of the deferred property tax amount.

(e) The notice must clearly state that the proposed or final taxes do not include the
following:

(1) special assessments;

(2) levies approved by the voters after the date the proposed taxes are certified, including
bond referenda and school district levy referenda;

(3) a levy limit increase approved by the voters by the first Tuesday after the first Monday
in November of the levy year as provided under section 275.73;

(4) amounts necessary to pay cleanup or other costs due to a natural disaster occurring
after the date the proposed taxes are certified;

(5) amounts necessary to pay tort judgments against the taxing authority that become
final after the date the proposed taxes are certified; and

(6) the contamination tax imposed on properties which received market value reductions
for contamination.

(f) Except as provided in subdivision 7, failure of the county auditor to prepare or the
county treasurer to deliver the notice as required in this section does not invalidate the
proposed or final tax levy or the taxes payable pursuant to the tax levy.

(g) If the notice the taxpayer receives under this section lists the property as
nonhomestead, and satisfactory documentation is provided to the county assessor by the
applicable deadline, and the property qualifies for the homestead classification in that
assessment year, the assessor shall reclassify the property to homestead for taxes payable
in the following year.

(h) In the case of class 4 residential property used as a residence for lease or rental
periods of 30 days or more, the taxpayer must either:

(1) mail or deliver a copy of the notice of proposed property taxes to each tenant, renter,
or lessee; or

(2) post a copy of the notice in a conspicuous place on the premises of the property.

The notice must be mailed or posted by the taxpayer by November 27 or within three
days of receipt of the notice, whichever is later. A taxpayer may notify the county treasurer
of the address of the taxpayer, agent, caretaker, or manager of the premises to which the
notice must be mailed in order to fulfill the requirements of this paragraph.

(i) For purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 6, "metropolitan special taxing
districts" means the following taxing districts in the seven-county metropolitan area that
levy a property tax for any of the specified purposes listed below:

(1) Metropolitan Council under section 473.132, 473.167, 473.249, 473.325, 473.446,
473.521, 473.547, or 473.834;

(2) Metropolitan Airports Commission under section 473.667, 473.671, or 473.672; and

(3) Metropolitan Mosquito Control Commission under section 473.711.

For purposes of this section, any levies made by the regional rail authorities in the county
of Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott, or Washington under chapter 398A
shall be included with the appropriate county's levy.

(j) The governing body of a county, city, or school district may, with the consent of the
county board, include supplemental information with the statement of proposed property
taxes about the impact of state aid increases or decreases on property tax increases or
decreases and on the level of services provided in the affected jurisdiction. This supplemental
information may include information for the following year, the current year, and for as
many consecutive preceding years as deemed appropriate by the governing body of the
county, city, or school district. It may include only information regarding:

(1) the impact of inflation as measured by the implicit price deflator for state and local
government purchases;

(2) population growth and decline;

(3) state or federal government action; and

(4) other financial factors that affect the level of property taxation and local services
that the governing body of the county, city, or school district may deem appropriate to
include.

The information may be presented using tables, written narrative, and graphic
representations and may contain instruction toward further sources of information or
opportunity for comment.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 275.28, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Auditor to make.

The county auditor shall make out the tax lists according
to the prescribed form, and to correspond with the assessment districts. The rate percent
necessary to raise the required amount of the various taxes shall be calculated on the net
tax capacity of property as determined by the state Board of Equalization, but, in calculating
such rates, no rate shall be used resulting in a fraction other than a decimal fraction, or less
than a gross local tax rate of .01 percent or a net local tax rate of .01 percent; and, in
extending any tax, whenever it amounts to the fractional part of a cent, it shall be made one
cent. The tax lists shall also be made out to correspond with the assessment books in reference
to ownership and description of property, with columns for the valuation and for the various
items of tax included in the total amount of all taxes set down opposite each description.
The auditor shall enter both the state tax determined under deleted text begin sectionsdeleted text end new text begin sectionnew text end 275.02 deleted text begin and
275.025,
deleted text end and the local tax determined under section 275.08deleted text begin ,deleted text end on the tax lists. The total ad
valorem property tax for each description of property before credits is the sum of the amounts
of the various local taxes that apply to the parcel plus the amount of any applicable state
tax. Opposite each description which has been sold for taxes, and which is subject to
redemption, but not redeemed, shall be placed the words "sold for taxes." The amount of
all special taxes shall be entered in the proper columns, but the general taxes may be shown
by entering the rate percent of each tax at the head of the proper columns, without extending
the same, in which case a schedule of the rates percent of such taxes shall be made on the
first page of each tax list. If the auditor fails to enter on any such list before its delivery to
the treasurer any tax levied, the tax may be subsequently entered. The tax lists shall be
deemed completed, and all taxes extended thereon, as of January 1 annually.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 289A.35, is amended to read:


289A.35 ASSESSMENTS ON RETURNS.

(a) The commissioner may audit and adjust the taxpayer's computation of federal adjusted
gross income, federal taxable income, items of federal tax preferences, or federal credit
amounts to make them conform with the provisions of chapter 290 or section 298.01. If a
return has been filed, the commissioner shall enter the liability reported on the return and
may make any audit or investigation that is considered necessary.

(b) Upon petition by a taxpayer, and when the commissioner determines that it is in the
best interest of the state, the commissioner may allow S corporations and partnerships to
receive orders of assessment issued under section 270C.33, subdivision 4, on behalf of their
owners, and to pay liabilities shown on such orders. In such cases, the owners' liability must
be calculated using the method provided in section 289A.08, subdivision 7, paragraph (b).

(c) A taxpayer may petition the commissioner for the use of the method described in
paragraph (b) after the taxpayer is notified that an audit has been initiated and before an
order of assessment has been issued.

(d) A determination of the commissioner under paragraph (b) to grant or deny the petition
of a taxpayer cannot be appealed to the Tax Court or any other court.

deleted text begin (e) The commissioner may audit and adjust the taxpayer's computation of tax under
chapter 291. In the case of a return filed pursuant to section 289A.10, the commissioner
shall notify the estate no later than nine months after the filing date, as provided by section
289A.38, subdivision 2, whether the return is under examination or the return has been
processed as filed.
deleted text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for estates of decedents dying after June
30, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 289A.38, subdivision 7, is amended
to read:


Subd. 7.

Federal tax changes.

(a) If the amount of income, items of tax preference,
deductions, or credits for any year of a taxpayer, or the wages paid by a taxpayer for any
period, as reported to the Internal Revenue Service is changed or corrected by the
commissioner of Internal Revenue or other officer of the United States or other competent
authority, or where a renegotiation of a contract or subcontract with the United States results
in a change in income, items of tax preference, deductions, credits, or withholding tax, deleted text begin or,
in the case of estate tax, where there are adjustments to the taxable estate,
deleted text end the taxpayer shall
report the federal adjustments in writing to the commissioner. The federal adjustments report
must be submitted within 180 days after the final determination date and must be in the
form of either an amended Minnesota deleted text begin estate,deleted text end withholding tax, corporate franchise tax, or
income tax return conceding the accuracy of the federal adjustment or a letter detailing how
the federal adjustment is incorrect or does not change the Minnesota tax. An amended
Minnesota income tax return must be accompanied by an amended property tax refund
return, if necessary. A taxpayer filing an amended federal tax return must also file a copy
of the amended return with the commissioner of revenue within 180 days after filing the
amended return.

(b) In the case of a final federal adjustment arising from a partnership-level audit or an
administrative adjustment request filed by a partnership under section 6227 of the Internal
Revenue Code, a taxpayer must report adjustments as provided for under section 289A.382,
and not this section.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for estates of decedents dying after June
30, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 289A.50, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

General right to refund.

(a) Subject to the requirements of this section
and section 289A.40, a taxpayer who has paid a tax in excess of the taxes lawfully due and
who files a written claim for refund will be refunded or credited the overpayment of the tax
determined by the commissioner to be erroneously paid.

(b) The claim must specify the name of the taxpayer, the date when and the period for
which the tax was paid, the kind of tax paid, the amount of the tax that the taxpayer claims
was erroneously paid, the grounds on which a refund is claimed, and other information
relative to the payment and in the form required by the commissioner. An income taxdeleted text begin , estate
tax,
deleted text end or corporate franchise tax returndeleted text begin ,deleted text end or amended return claiming an overpayment constitutes
a claim for refund.

(c) When, in the course of an examination, and within the time for requesting a refund,
the commissioner determines that there has been an overpayment of tax, the commissioner
shall refund or credit the overpayment to the taxpayer and no demand is necessary. If the
overpayment exceeds $1, the amount of the overpayment must be refunded to the taxpayer.
If the amount of the overpayment is less than $1, the commissioner is not required to refund.
In these situations, the commissioner does not have to make written findings or serve notice
by mail to the taxpayer.

(d) If the amount allowable as a credit for withholding, estimated taxes, or dependent
care exceeds the tax against which the credit is allowable, the amount of the excess is
considered an overpayment. The refund allowed by section 290.06, subdivision 23, is also
considered an overpayment. The requirements of section 270C.33 do not apply to the
refunding of such an overpayment shown on the original return filed by a taxpayer.

(e) If the entertainment tax withheld at the source exceeds by $1 or more the taxes,
penalties, and interest reported in the return of the entertainment entity or imposed by section
290.9201, the excess must be refunded to the entertainment entity. If the excess is less than
$1, the commissioner need not refund that amount.

(f) If the surety deposit required for a construction contract exceeds the liability of the
out-of-state contractor, the commissioner shall refund the difference to the contractor.

(g) An action of the commissioner in refunding the amount of the overpayment does not
constitute a determination of the correctness of the return of the taxpayer.

(h) There is appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of revenue the
amount necessary to pay refunds allowed under this section.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for estates of decedents dying after June
30, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 289A.56, subdivision 3, is amended to read:


Subd. 3.

Withholding tax, entertainer withholding tax, withholding from payments
to out-of-state contractors, deleted text begin estate tax,deleted text end and sales tax overpayments.

When a refund is
due for overpayments of withholding tax, entertainer withholding tax, or withholding from
payments to out-of-state contractors, interest is computed from the date of payment to the
date the refund is paid or credited. For purposes of this subdivision, the date of payment is
the later of the date the tax was finally due or was paid.

deleted text begin For the purposes of computing interest on estate tax refunds, interest is paid from the
later of the date of overpayment, the date the estate tax return is due, or the date the original
estate tax return is filed to the date the refund is paid.
deleted text end

For purposes of computing interest on sales and use tax refunds, interest is paid from
the date of payment to the date the refund is paid or credited, if the refund claim includes
a detailed schedule reflecting the tax periods covered in the claim. If the refund claim
submitted does not include a detailed schedule reflecting the tax periods covered in the
claim, interest is computed from the date the claim was filed.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for estates of decedents dying after June
30, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 9.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.0132, subdivision 26, is amended to read:


Subd. 26.

Social Security benefits.

(a) deleted text begin A portiondeleted text end new text begin The amountnew text end of deleted text begin taxabledeleted text end Social Security
benefitsnew text begin received by a taxpayer in the taxable yearnew text end is allowed as a subtraction. deleted text begin The subtraction
equals the lesser of taxable Social Security benefits or a maximum subtraction subject to
the limits under paragraphs (b), (c), and (d).
deleted text end

deleted text begin (b) For married taxpayers filing a joint return and surviving spouses, the maximum
subtraction equals $5,150. The maximum subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional
income over $78,180. In no case is the subtraction less than zero.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (c) For single or head-of-household taxpayers, the maximum subtraction equals $4,020.
The maximum subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional income over $61,080.
In no case is the subtraction less than zero.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (d) For married taxpayers filing separate returns, the maximum subtraction equals
one-half the maximum subtraction for joint returns under paragraph (b). The maximum
subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional income over one-half the threshold
amount specified in paragraph (b). In no case is the subtraction less than zero.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (e) For purposes of this subdivision, "provisional income" means modified adjusted
gross income as defined in section 86(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus one-half of
the taxable Social Security benefits received during the taxable year, and "Social Security
benefits" has the meaning given in section 86(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.
deleted text end

deleted text begin (f) The commissioner shall adjust the maximum subtraction and threshold amounts in
paragraphs (b) to (d) as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year
2019. The maximum subtraction and threshold amounts as adjusted must be rounded to the
nearest $10 amount. If the amount ends in $5, the amount is rounded up to the nearest $10
amount.
deleted text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2021.
new text end

Sec. 10.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.0136, is amended to read:


290.0136 CERTAIN PREFERRED STOCK LOSSES.

A taxpayer must compute net income by treating losses from the sale or transfer of
certain preferred stock, which the taxpayer treated as ordinary losses pursuant to Division
A, title III, section 301 of Public Law 110-343, as capital losses. The amount of net income
under section 290.01, subdivision 19; taxable net income under section 290.01, subdivision
22
; taxable income under section 290.01, subdivision 29; the numerator and denominator
in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e); deleted text begin individual alternative minimum taxable
income under section 290.091, subdivision 2; corporate alternative minimum taxable income
under section 290.0921, subdivision 3;
deleted text end and net operating losses under section 290.095 must
be computed for each taxable year as if those losses had been treated by the taxpayer as
capital losses under the Internal Revenue Code, including the limitations under section 1211
of the Internal Revenue Code.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2021.
new text end

Sec. 11.

Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 290.06, subdivision 2c, is amended
to read:


Subd. 2c.

Schedules of rates for individuals, estates, and trusts.

(a) The income taxes
imposed by this chapter upon married individuals filing joint returns and surviving spouses
as defined in section 2(a) of the Internal Revenue Code must be computed by applying to
their taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first deleted text begin $38,770, 5.35deleted text end new text begin $41,050, 3.5new text end percent;

(2) On all over deleted text begin $38,770deleted text end new text begin $41,050new text end , but not over deleted text begin $154,020deleted text end new text begin $163,060new text end , 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over deleted text begin $154,020deleted text end new text begin $163,060new text end , but not over deleted text begin $269,010deleted text end new text begin $284,810new text end , 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over deleted text begin $269,010deleted text end new text begin $284,810new text end , 9.85 percent.

Married individuals filing separate returns, estates, and trusts must compute their income
tax by applying the above rates to their taxable income, except that the income brackets
will be one-half of the above amounts after the adjustment required in subdivision 2d.

(b) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals must be
computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first deleted text begin $26,520, 5.35deleted text end new text begin $28,080, 3.5new text end percent;

(2) On all over deleted text begin $26,520deleted text end new text begin $28,080new text end , but not over deleted text begin $87,110deleted text end new text begin $92,230new text end , 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over deleted text begin $87,110deleted text end new text begin $92,230new text end , but not over deleted text begin $161,720deleted text end new text begin $171,220new text end , 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over deleted text begin $161,720deleted text end new text begin $171,220new text end , 9.85 percent.

(c) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals qualifying as
a head of household as defined in section 2(b) of the Internal Revenue Code must be
computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first deleted text begin $32,650, 5.35deleted text end new text begin $34,570, 3.5new text end percent;

(2) On all over deleted text begin $32,650deleted text end new text begin $34,570new text end , but not over deleted text begin $131,190deleted text end new text begin $138,890new text end , 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over deleted text begin $131,190deleted text end new text begin $138,890new text end , but not over deleted text begin $214,980deleted text end new text begin $227,600new text end , 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over deleted text begin $214,980deleted text end new text begin $227,600new text end , 9.85 percent.

(d) In lieu of a tax computed according to the rates set forth in this subdivision, the tax
of any individual taxpayer whose taxable net income for the taxable year is less than an
amount determined by the commissioner must be computed in accordance with tables
prepared and issued by the commissioner of revenue based on income brackets of not more
than $100. The amount of tax for each bracket shall be computed at the rates set forth in
this subdivision, provided that the commissioner may disregard a fractional part of a dollar
unless it amounts to 50 cents or more, in which case it may be increased to $1.

(e) An individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year must compute the
individual's Minnesota income tax as provided in this subdivision. After the application of
the nonrefundable credits provided in this chapter, the tax liability must then be multiplied
by a fraction in which:

(1) the numerator is the individual's Minnesota source federal adjusted gross income as
defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code and increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and
17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the Minnesota assignable portion of the subtraction for United States government
interest under section 290.0132, subdivision 2, the subtractions under sections 290.0132,
subdivisions 9
, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 27, and 290.0137, paragraph (c), after applying the
allocation and assignability provisions of section 290.081, clause (a), or 290.17; and

(2) the denominator is the individual's federal adjusted gross income as defined in section
62 of the Internal Revenue Code, increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and
17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the subtractions under sections 290.0132, subdivisions 2, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, and
27, and 290.0137, paragraph (c).

(f) If an individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year is a qualifying
owner of a qualifying entity that elects to pay tax as provided in section 289A.08, subdivision
7a, paragraph (b), the individual must compute the individual's Minnesota income tax as
provided in paragraph (e), and also must include, to the extent attributed to the electing
qualifying entity:

(1) in paragraph (e), clause (1), item (i), and paragraph (e), clause (2), item (i), the
addition under section 290.0131, subdivision 5; and

(2) in paragraph (e), clause (1), item (ii), and paragraph (e), clause (2), item (ii), the
subtraction under section 290.0132, subdivision 3.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2021.
new text end

Sec. 12.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.06, subdivision 2d, is amended to read:


Subd. 2d.

Inflation adjustment of brackets.

The commissioner shall annually adjust
the minimum and maximum dollar amounts for each rate bracket for which a tax is imposed
in subdivision 2c as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year deleted text begin 2019deleted text end new text begin
2022
new text end . The rate applicable to any rate bracket must not be changed. The dollar amounts
setting forth the tax shall be adjusted to reflect the changes in the rate brackets. The rate
brackets as adjusted must be rounded to the nearest $10 amount. If the rate bracket ends in
$5, it must be rounded up to the nearest $10 amount. The commissioner shall determine the
rate bracket for married filing separate returns after this adjustment is done. The rate bracket
for married filing separate must be one-half of the rate bracket for married filing joint.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2022.
new text end

Sec. 13.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 290.491, is amended to read:


290.491 TAX ON GAIN; DISCHARGE IN BANKRUPTCY.

(a) Any tax due under this chapter on a gain realized on a forced sale pursuant to
foreclosure of a mortgage or other security interest in agricultural production property, other
real property, or equipment, used in a farm business that was owned and operated by the
taxpayer shall be a dischargeable debt in a bankruptcy proceeding under United States Code,
title 11, section 727.

(b) Income realized on a sale or exchange of agricultural production property, other real
property, or equipment, used in a farm business that was owned and operated by the taxpayer
shall be exempt from taxation under this chapter, if the taxpayer was insolvent at the time
of the sale and the proceeds of the sale were used solely to discharge indebtedness secured
by a mortgage, lien, or other security interest on the property sold. For purposes of this
section, "insolvent" means insolvent as defined in section 108(d)(3) of the Internal Revenue
Code. This paragraph applies only to the extent that the gain is includable in federal deleted text begin taxabledeleted text end new text begin
adjusted gross
new text end income deleted text begin or in the computation of the alternative minimum taxable income
under section 290.091 for purposes of the alternative minimum tax
deleted text end . The amount of the
exemption is limited to the excess of the taxpayer's (1) liabilities over (2) the total assets
and any exclusion claimed under section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code determined
immediately before application of this paragraph.

(c) For purposes of this section, any tax due under this chapter specifically includes, but
is not limited to, tax imposed under sections 290.02 and 290.03 on income derived from a
sale or exchange, whether constituting gain, discharge of indebtedness or recapture of
depreciation deductions, or the alternative minimum tax imposed under section 290.091.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for taxable years beginning after December
31, 2021.
new text end

Sec. 14.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 469.1794, subdivision 5, is amended to read:


Subd. 5.

Maximum extension.

(a) The maximum extension for a district under this
subdivision equals the lesser of:

(1) four years; or

(2) the tax reform percentage for the district, determined under paragraph (b), multiplied
by the remaining duration of the district rounded to the nearest whole number. Fractions in
excess of one-third are rounded up.

(b) The tax reform percentage for the district, as estimated by the county auditor, equals:

(1)(i) the total taxes paid by the original tax capacity for the district for taxes payable
in 2001, minus

(ii) the average of the total taxes paid by the original tax capacity for the district for
taxes payable in 2002 and in 2003, divided by

(2) the total taxes paid by the original tax capacity for the district for taxes payable in
2001.

(c) In the resolution approving the extension, the municipality may elect to treat all
preexisting obligations as qualified obligations for purposes of this section. If the municipality
makes an election under this paragraph, the maximum duration is reduced by one-half of
the amount otherwise permitted under paragraph (a).

(d) The remaining duration of a district is the number of calendar years, beginning after
December 31, 2001, in which the district may collect increment under its duration limit
under section 469.176, subdivision 1b, 1c, 1e, or 1g, or a special law approved before January
1, 2002, as applicable.

(e) For purposes of this subdivision, "taxes" deleted text begin excludedeleted text end new text begin excludesnew text end taxes levied against market
value, rather than tax capacitydeleted text begin , and the state general tax under section 275.025deleted text end .

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

Sec. 15. new text begin RULE CHANGES.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner of revenue must make all necessary changes to Minnesota Rules,
chapters 8001 to 8175, consistent with the repealer in section 16. The commissioner must
use the good cause exemption under Minnesota Statutes, section 14.388, in adopting the
amendments. The provisions of Minnesota Statutes, section 14.386, do not apply except as
provided in Minnesota Statutes, section 14.388.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 16. new text begin REPEALER.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Estate tax. new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 270C.585; 289A.10;
289A.12, subdivision 18; 289A.18, subdivision 3a; 289A.19, subdivision 4; 289A.20,
subdivisions 3 and 3a; 289A.30, subdivision 2; 289A.55, subdivision 7; 291.005; 291.01;
291.016; 291.03, subdivisions 1, 1a, 1d, 8, 9, 10, and 11; 291.031; 291.075; 291.12,
subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 291.13, subdivisions 1 and 3; 291.16; 291.21, subdivision 1;
291.215, subdivision 1; and 291.27,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Alternative minimum tax. new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 290.091; and
290.0921, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 3a, 4, 6, and 8,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Provider tax. new text end

new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 295.50, subdivisions 1, 1a,
2, 2a, 2b, 3, 4, 6, 6a, 7, 7a, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12b, 13, 13a, 14, 15, and 16; 295.51,
subdivisions 1 and 1a; 295.52, subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 3, 4, 4a, 5, 6, and 8; 295.53, subdivisions
2, 3, and 4a; 295.54, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 295.55, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7;
295.56; 295.57, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5; 295.58; 295.581; 295.582, subdivisions 1
and 2; and 295.59,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin State general levy. new text end

new text begin (a) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 273.42, subdivision
3; 275.025, subdivisions 3, 4, 5, and 6; and 276.112,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin (b) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, section 275.025, subdivisions 1 and 2, new text end new text begin are
repealed.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin (a) Subdivision 1 is effective retroactively for estates of decedents
dying after December 31, 2021, except that the repeal of the recapture tax in Minnesota
Statutes, section 291.03, subdivision 11, is effective for additional tax imposed the day
following final enactment.
new text end

new text begin (b) Subdivision 2 is effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2021.
new text end

new text begin (c) Subdivision 3 is effective for gross revenues received after June 30, 2022.
new text end

new text begin (d) Subdivision 4 is effective beginning with taxes payable in 2023.
new text end

ARTICLE 3

FAIR TAX

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.61, subdivision 2, is amended to read:


Subd. 2.

Person.

(a) "Person" new text begin means any natural person, and new text end includes any individual or
group and any combination of individuals, groups, or individuals and groups acting as a
unit.

(b) Person new text begin also new text end includesnew text begin , unless the context clearly does not allow it,new text end a firm, partnership,
joint venture, limited liability company, association, cooperative, social club, fraternal
organization, municipal or private corporation whether or not organized for profit, estate,
trust, business trust, receiver, trustee, syndicate, the United States, and a state and its political
subdivisions.

(c) Person includes, but is not limited to, directors and officers of corporations, governors
and managers of a limited liability company, or members of partnerships who, either
individually or jointly with others, have the control, supervision, or responsibility of filing
returns and making payment of the amount of tax imposed by this chapter.

(d) Person includes any agent or consignee of any individual or organization listed in
this subdivision.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made after January
1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.61, subdivision 7, is amended to read:


Subd. 7.

Sales price.

(a) "Sales price" means the measure subject to sales tax, and means
the total amount of consideration, including cash, credit, personal property, and services,
for which personal property or services are sold, leased, or rented, valued in money, whether
received in money or otherwise, without any deduction for the following:

(1) the seller's cost of the property sold;

(2) the cost of materials used, labor or service cost, interest, losses, all costs of
transportation to the seller, all taxes imposed on the seller, and any other expenses of the
seller;

(3) charges by the seller for any services necessary to complete the sale, other than
delivery and installation charges;

(4) delivery charges, except the percentage of the delivery charge allocated to delivery
of tax exempt property, when the delivery charge is allocated by using either (i) a percentage
based on the total sales price of the taxable property compared to the total sales price of all
property in the shipment, or (ii) a percentage based on the total weight of the taxable property
compared to the total weight of all property in the shipment; and

(5) installation charges.

(b) Sales price does not include:

(1) discounts, including cash, terms, or coupons, that are not reimbursed by a third party
and that are allowed by the seller and taken by a purchaser on a sale;new text begin and
new text end

deleted text begin (2) interest, financing, and carrying charges from credit extended on the sale of personal
property or services, if the amount is separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale, or similar
document given to the purchaser; and
deleted text end

deleted text begin (3)deleted text end new text begin (2)new text end any taxes legally imposed directly on the consumer that are separately stated on
the invoice, bill of sale, or similar document given to the purchaser.

(c) Sales price includes consideration received by the seller from third parties if:

(1) the seller actually receives consideration from a party other than the purchaser and
the consideration is directly related to a price reduction or discount on the sale;

(2) the seller has an obligation to pass the price reduction or discount through to the
purchaser;

(3) the amount of the consideration attributable to the sale is fixed and determinable by
the seller at the time of the sale of the item to the purchaser; and

(4) one of the following criteria is met:

(i) the purchaser presents a coupon, certificate, or other documentation to the seller to
claim a price reduction or discount when the coupon, certificate, or documentation is
authorized, distributed, or granted by a third party with the understanding that the third party
will reimburse any seller to whom the coupon, certificate, or documentation is presented;

(ii) the purchaser identifies himself or herself to the seller as a member of a group or
organization entitled to a price reduction or discount. A "preferred customer" card that is
available to any customer does not constitute membership in such a group; or

(iii) the price reduction or discount is identified as a third-party price reduction or discount
on the invoice received by the purchaser or on a coupon, certificate, or other documentation
presented by the purchaser.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made after January
1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.61, subdivision 24, is amended to read:


Subd. 24.

Telecommunications services.

(a) "Telecommunications services" means
the electronic transmission, conveyance, or routing of voice, data, audio, video, or any other
information or signals to a point, or between or among points.

(b) Telecommunications services include transmission, conveyance, or routing in which
computer processing applications are used to act on the form, code, or protocol of the content
for purposes of transmission, conveyance, or routing, without regard to whether the service
is referred to as Voice over Internet Protocol services or is classified by the Federal
Communications Commission as enhanced or value added.

(c) Telecommunications services do not includedeleted text begin :
deleted text end

deleted text begin (1) data processing and information services that allow data to be generated, acquired,
stored, processed, or retrieved and delivered by an electronic transmission to a purchaser
when the purchaser's primary purpose for the underlying transaction is the processed data
or information;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (2) installation or maintenance of wiring or equipment on a customer's premises;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (3) tangible personal property;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (4) advertising, including, but not limited to, directory advertising;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (5) billing and collection services provided to third parties;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (6) Internet access service;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (7) radio and television audio and video programming services, regardless of the medium,
including the furnishing of transmission, conveyance, and routing of such services by the
programming service provider. Radio and television audio and video programming services
includes, but is not limited to, cable service as defined in United States Code, title 47, section
522(6), and audio and video programming services delivered by commercial mobile radio
service providers, as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, title 47, section 20.3;
deleted text end

deleted text begin (8) ancillary services; or
deleted text end

deleted text begin (9)deleted text end digital products delivered electronically, including, but not limited to, software,
music, video, reading materials, or ring tones.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made after January
1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 4.

new text begin [297A.611] ADDITIONAL FAIR TAX DEFINITIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Applicability. new text end

new text begin The following words, terms, and phrases when used in
this chapter have the meanings given them in this section, unless the context clearly indicates
a different meaning.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Fair tax. new text end

new text begin "Fair tax" means the sales and use tax imposed under this chapter and
incorporated into the gross sales price of all taxable property and taxable services.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Basic interest rate. new text end

new text begin "Basic interest rate" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) in the case of a debt instrument, investment, financing lease, or account with a term
of not over three years, the applicable interest rate is a short-term rate based on the average
market yield during any one month on outstanding marketable obligations of the United
States with remaining periods to maturity of three years or fewer;
new text end

new text begin (2) in the case of a debt instrument, investment, financing lease, or account with a term
of over three years but not over nine years, the applicable interest rate is a mid-term rate
based on the average market yield during any one month on outstanding marketable
obligations of the United States with remaining periods to maturity of more than three years
but not over nine years; or
new text end

new text begin (3) in the case of a debt instrument, investment, financing lease, or account with a term
over nine years, the applicable interest rate is a long-term rate based on the average market
yield during any one month on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States with
remaining periods to maturity of over nine years.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Business purpose. new text end

new text begin "Business purpose" means a purchase made by a person
engaged in a trade or business and used in that trade or business for resale, to produce,
provide, render, or sell taxable property or taxable services, or in furtherance of other bona
fide business purposes.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Business use conversion. new text end

new text begin "Business use conversion" means the use of taxable
property or taxable services upon which tax was imposed and actually paid that commenced
to be 95 percent or more used for business purposes.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Dependent. new text end

new text begin (a) "Dependent" means a resident of this state with a valid Social
Security number who is:
new text end

new text begin (1) under the age of 18 and is not a legally emancipated minor; or
new text end

new text begin (2) 18 years of age or older and a registered student during not fewer than five months
in a calendar year who receives over 50 percent of their support during a calendar year from
a family member or legal guardian, regardless of whether the individual lives in a common
residence with a qualified family.
new text end

new text begin (b) For purposes of this subdivision "legally emancipated minor" means a person under
the age of 18 years who:
new text end

new text begin (1) has been married;
new text end

new text begin (2) is on active duty in the uniformed services of the United States;
new text end

new text begin (3) has been emancipated by a court of competent jurisdiction; or
new text end

new text begin (4) is otherwise considered emancipated under Minnesota law, and for whom county
social services has not determined that a social services case plan is necessary, for reasons
other than the child has failed or refuses to cooperate with the county agency in developing
the plan, and a child living on their own pursuant to section 260C.201, subdivision 1,
paragraph (a), clause (5).
new text end

new text begin (c) For purposes of this subdivision, a dependent whose parents are divorced or legally
separated is treated as a dependent of the custodial parent, and in cases of joint custody, the
custodial parent is the parent that has custody of the child for more than one-half of the time
during a given calendar year. A parent entitled to be treated as the custodial parent under
this paragraph may release the claim to the other parent if the release is in writing.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Education and training costs. new text end

new text begin "Education and training costs" includes tuition
for primary, secondary, or postsecondary level education, and job-related training courses.
Education and training does not include costs for room, board, sports activities, recreational
activities, hobbies, games, arts or crafts, or cultural activities.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Explicitly charged fees. new text end

new text begin "Explicitly charged fees" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) brokerage fees;
new text end

new text begin (2) explicitly stated banking, loan origination, processing, documentation, credit check
fees, or other similar fees;
new text end

new text begin (3) safe deposit box fees;
new text end

new text begin (4) trustees' fees; and
new text end

new text begin (5) other financial services fees, including mutual fund management, sales, and exit fees.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Financial intermediation services. new text end

new text begin The value of "financial intermediation
services" means the sum of:
new text end

new text begin (1) explicitly charged fees for financial intermediation services; and
new text end

new text begin (2) implicitly charged fees for financial intermediation services.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 10. new text end

new text begin Government enterprise. new text end

new text begin "Government enterprise" means an entity owned
and operated by a federal, state, or local governmental unit or political subdivision that
receives gross payments from private persons, provided that in any quarter in the calendar
year it has revenues from selling taxable property or taxable services that exceed $2,500.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 11. new text end

new text begin Gross imputed amount. new text end

new text begin "Gross imputed amount" means:
new text end

new text begin (1) with respect to any underlying interest-bearing investment or account, the product
of:
new text end

new text begin (i) the excess of the basic interest rate over the rate paid on the investment; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) the amount of the investment or account; or
new text end

new text begin (2) with respect to any underlying interest-bearing debt, the product of:
new text end

new text begin (i) the excess of the rate paid on the debt over the basic interest rate; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) the amount of the debt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 12. new text end

new text begin Gross payment. new text end

new text begin "Gross payment" means the total amount charged for taxable
property and taxable services, including the taxes imposed under this chapter.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 13. new text end

new text begin Implicitly charged fees. new text end

new text begin "Implicitly charged fees" means the gross imputed
amount in relation to any underlying interest-bearing investment, account, or debt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 14. new text end

new text begin Intangible property. new text end

new text begin "Intangible property" includes copyrights, trademarks,
patents, goodwill, financial instruments, securities, commercial paper, debts, notes and
bonds, and other property deemed intangible under state law. Intangible property does not
include tangible personal property or rents or a leasehold of any term on the tangible personal
property, real property or rents or leaseholds of any term on the real property, or computer
software.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 15. new text end

new text begin Investment purpose. new text end

new text begin "Investment purpose" means the purchase of property
exclusively for the purpose of appreciation or the production of income but not entailing
more than minor personal efforts.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 16. new text end

new text begin Mixed-use property. new text end

new text begin "Mixed-use property" means a taxable property or
taxable service used for both taxable use or consumption and for a business purpose.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 17. new text end

new text begin Net payment. new text end

new text begin "Net payment" means the total amount charged for taxable
property or taxable services, excluding the taxes imposed under this chapter.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 18. new text end

new text begin Nonprofit organization. new text end

new text begin "Nonprofit organization" means any corporation,
society, association, foundation, or institution organized and operated exclusively for
charitable, religious, fraternal, civic, or educational purposes, and which is exempt from
federal income taxation pursuant to section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 19. new text end

new text begin Produce, provide, render, or sell taxable property or taxable
services.
new text end

new text begin "Produce, provide, render, or sell taxable property or taxable services" includes
the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) a taxable property or taxable service used to produce, provide, render, or sell a taxable
property or taxable service if the property or service is purchased by a person engaged in a
trade or business for the purpose of employing or using the taxable property or taxable
service in the production, provision, rendering, or sale of other taxable property or taxable
services in the ordinary course of that trade or business;
new text end

new text begin (2) taxable property or taxable services used in a trade or business for the purpose of
research, experimentation, testing, and development is treated as used to produce, provide,
render, or sell taxable property or taxable services;
new text end

new text begin (3) taxable property or taxable services purchased by an insurer on behalf of an insured
is treated as used to produce, provide, render, or sell taxable property or taxable services if
the premium for the insurance contract giving rise to the insurer's obligation was subject to
tax on financial intermediation services under this chapter; and
new text end

new text begin (4) education and training are treated as services used to produce, provide, render, or
sell taxable property or taxable services.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 20. new text end

new text begin Qualified family. new text end

new text begin "Qualified family" consists of the following persons sharing
a common residence:
new text end

new text begin (1) a qualified individual;
new text end

new text begin (2) the qualified individual's spouse; and
new text end

new text begin (3) all dependents of either the qualified individual, their spouse, or both the qualified
individual and their spouse, including dependents that are students living away from the
common residence for part of the year.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 21. new text end

new text begin Qualified individual. new text end

new text begin "Qualified individual" means a resident of this state
with a valid Social Security number who does not meet the definition of dependent.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 22. new text end

new text begin Taxable employer. new text end

new text begin (a) "Taxable employer" includes, but is not limited to,
the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) any household employing domestic servants; and
new text end

new text begin (2) any government except for government enterprises.
new text end

new text begin (b) Taxable employer does not include any employer that is:
new text end

new text begin (1) engaged in a trade or business;
new text end

new text begin (2) a nonprofit organization; or
new text end

new text begin (3) a government enterprise.
new text end

new text begin Taxable employer does not include the federal government or its agencies, until such time
as federal law allows state taxation of the federal government.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 23. new text end

new text begin Taxable property; taxable service. new text end

new text begin (a) "Taxable property" means any tangible
personal property and all digital products including, but not limited to, the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) property purchased for business use but subsequently converted to personal use,
which is subject to the tax imposed by this section at the fair market value of the converted
property as of the date of conversion;
new text end

new text begin (2) leaseholds of any term;
new text end

new text begin (3) rents with respect to the property;
new text end

new text begin (4) property exchanged in barter transactions, which must be taxed as if the transaction
was made in cash; and
new text end

new text begin (5) mixed-use property, to the extent the property is used for a personal and not a business
purpose.
new text end

new text begin (b) "Taxable service" means any service, including any financial intermediation service,
any service performed by an employee for which the employee is paid wages by a taxable
employer, but shall not include any service performed by an employee for which the
employee is paid wages by:
new text end

new text begin (1) an employer in the regular course of the employer's trade or business;
new text end

new text begin (2) an employer that is a nonprofit organization;
new text end

new text begin (3) an employer that is a government enterprise; or
new text end

new text begin (4) taxable employers to employees directly providing education and training.
new text end

new text begin (c) Taxable property and taxable service do not include any intangible property or used
property or property held exclusively for an investment purpose, or any state government
functions that do not constitute the final consumption of property or services.
new text end

new text begin (d) Taxable property and taxable service include sales of property or services by a
nonprofit organization for fund-raising purposes.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 24. new text end

new text begin Used property. new text end

new text begin "Used property" means property for which the tax under this
chapter has been collected and for which no credit has been allowed, or property that was
held other than for a business purpose on December 31, 2015.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 25. new text end

new text begin Wages. new text end

new text begin "Wages" means all compensation paid for employment service
including salaries, cash compensation, employee benefits, disability insurance, wage
replacement insurance payments, unemployment compensation insurance, workers'
compensation insurance, and the fair market value of any other consideration paid by an
employer to an employee in consideration for employment services rendered.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.62, subdivision 1, is amended to read:


Subdivision 1.

Generally.

Except as otherwise provided in deleted text begin subdivision 3 or indeleted text end this
chapter, a sales tax deleted text begin of 6.5 percentdeleted text end new text begin at the rate calculated under section 13new text end is imposed on the
deleted text begin gross receipts from retail sales as defined in section 297A.61, subdivision 4,deleted text end new text begin net payments
on the production, provision, rendering, or selling of taxable property, taxable digital
products, and taxable services
new text end made in this state or to a destination in this state by a person
who is required to have or voluntarily obtains a permit under section 297A.83, subdivision
1
.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 6.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.62, subdivision 1a, is amended to read:


Subd. 1a.

Constitutionally required sales tax increase.

Except as otherwise provided
in deleted text begin subdivision 3 or indeleted text end this chapter, an additional sales tax of 0.375 percent, new text begin adjusted as
determined under section 13,
new text end as required under the Minnesota Constitution, article XI,
section 15, is imposed on the deleted text begin gross receipts from retail sales as defined in section 297A.61,
subdivision 4
,
deleted text end new text begin net payments on the production, provision, rendering, or selling of taxable
property, taxable digital products, and taxable services
new text end made in this state or to a destination
in this state by a person who is required to have or voluntarily obtains a permit under section
297A.83, subdivision 1. This additional tax expires July 1, 2034.

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 7.

new text begin [297A.625] PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN TAXES; IMPOSITION OF THE
FAIR TAX.
new text end

new text begin (a) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2023, imposition of the following
taxes are prohibited:
new text end

new text begin (1) individual income and corporate franchise taxes;
new text end

new text begin (2) insurance taxes;
new text end

new text begin (3) occupation taxes; and
new text end

new text begin (4) sales, excise, and gross receipts taxes other than the taxes under this chapter and
chapters 296A and 297B.
new text end

new text begin (b) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2023, all revenues lost as a result
of the repeal of the taxes under paragraph (a) shall be replaced by the levy and imposition
of a sales tax upon all final use or consumption of taxable property or taxable services in
this state. The sales tax under this chapter shall be renamed the "fair tax" and the rates under
section 297A.62 shall be modified to the rates determined under section 13. The fair tax
shall be incorporated into the gross payment and sales price for all taxable goods and services.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 8.

Minnesota Statutes 2020, section 297A.63, is amended by adding a subdivision to
read:


new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Conversion of business purchases to personal use. new text end

new text begin Use tax is owed on property
and services purchased exempt from the tax under this chapter as a purchase for business
use that is subsequently used more than five percent for personal use. The tax is owed on
the value of the property or service at the time of conversion. This includes the conversion
of housing from rental or other business property to personal use by the owner.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 9.

new text begin [297A.712] EXEMPTIONS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Scope. new text end

new text begin The net payments from the sale, storage, distribution, use, or
consumption of the taxable property and taxable services contained in this section are
specifically exempted from the taxes imposed under this chapter.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Purchased for a business purpose. new text end

new text begin Taxable property or taxable services
purchased by a person engaged in a trade or business are exempt if used in that trade or
business:
new text end

new text begin (1) for resale;
new text end

new text begin (2) to produce, provide, render, or sell taxable property or taxable services; or
new text end

new text begin (3) in furtherance of other bona fide business purposes.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Purchased for use outside of the state. new text end

new text begin Taxable property or taxable services
purchased for export from Minnesota for use or consumption outside of the state are exempt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Purchased for an investment purpose. new text end

new text begin Taxable property purchased exclusively
for appreciation or the production of income with minor personal effort are exempt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 5. new text end

new text begin Purchases by a government enterprise. new text end

new text begin Taxable property and taxable services
purchased by a government enterprise are exempt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 6. new text end

new text begin Education costs. new text end

new text begin Education and training costs paid to an accredited institution
of higher education are exempt. Tuition paid to an accredited elementary school or secondary
school program is also exempt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 7. new text end

new text begin Petroleum and other fuels. new text end

new text begin Purchases of petroleum and other fuels subject to
the tax under chapter 296A are exempt.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 8. new text end

new text begin Purchases by and goods and services provided by certain nonprofit
organizations.
new text end

new text begin (a) Taxable property and taxable services purchased by a qualifying nonprofit
organization are exempt if used for the purposes allowed for that nonprofit under this
subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (b) Taxable property and taxable services provided to others by a qualifying nonprofit
organization are exempt if used for the purposes allowed for that nonprofit organization
under this subdivision.
new text end

new text begin (c) For purposes of this subdivision "qualifying nonprofit organization" means one of
the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) a corporation, society, association, foundation, or institution organized and operated
exclusively for charitable, religious, or education purposes, including the maintenance of
a cemetery owned by a religious organization;
new text end

new text begin (2) any senior citizen group or association of groups that:
new text end

new text begin (i) in general limits membership to persons who are either age 55 or older, or physically
disabled;
new text end

new text begin (ii) is organized and operated exclusively for pleasure, recreation, and other nonprofit
purposes, not including housing, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit
of any private shareholders; and
new text end

new text begin (iii) is an exempt organization under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code;
new text end

new text begin (3) an organization of military service veterans or an auxiliary unit of an organization
of military service veterans are exempt if:
new text end

new text begin (i) the organization or auxiliary unit is organized within Minnesota and is exempt from
federal taxation under section 501(c)(19) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
new text end

new text begin (ii) the tangible personal property or services are purchased for charitable, civic,
educational, or nonprofit uses and not for social, recreational, pleasure, or profit uses; or
new text end

new text begin (4) a nonprofit organization that exists solely for the purpose of providing educational
or social activities for young people primarily age 18 and under.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 9. new text end

new text begin Purchase by the federal government. new text end

new text begin Taxable property and taxable services
purchased by the United States and its agencies and instrumentalities are exempt. Any state
or local government purchases made with funds received from the federal government are
also exempt to the extent required under federal law.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 10.

new text begin [297A.755] CREDITS AND REFUNDS.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Generally. new text end

new text begin (a) Each person shall be allowed a credit with respect to the
taxes imposed under this chapter for each month equal to the sum of:
new text end

new text begin (1) the business use conversion credit under subdivision 2;
new text end

new text begin (2) the intermediate and export sales credit under subdivision 3;
new text end

new text begin (4) the insurance proceeds credit under subdivision 4;
new text end

new text begin (5) the bad debt credit under section 297A.81; or
new text end

new text begin (6) any amount paid in excess of the amount due.
new text end

new text begin (b) Only one credit paid may be taken with respect to the sale or purchase of any particular
taxable property or taxable service.
new text end

new text begin (c) Each qualified person shall be paid a monthly sales tax rebate, as determined under
section 13.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Business use conversion credit. new text end

new text begin A person is eligible for a credit for the fair
tax paid on taxable property and taxable services if the property or service is subsequently
used at least 95 percent for business purposes. The credit is equal to the tax included in the
gross payment on the taxable property or taxable service.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 3. new text end

new text begin Intermediate and export credit. new text end

new text begin A person is eligible for a credit for the fair
tax paid on the purchase of any taxable property or taxable service purchased for a business
purpose in a trade or business or exported from the state for use or consumption outside of
the state.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 4. new text end

new text begin Insurance proceeds credit. new text end

new text begin (a) Any person receiving a payment from an insurer
by virtue of an insurance contract, if the insurance premium is subject to the tax under this
chapter, shall be entitled to a credit in an amount equal to the product of the tax rates imposed
under section 297A.62 and the amount of the payment made by the insurer, adjusted as
required in paragraphs (b) and (c). For purposes of this section, "insurance contract" shall
include the following insurance contracts:
new text end

new text begin (1) life;
new text end

new text begin (2) health;
new text end

new text begin (3) property and casualty loss;
new text end

new text begin (4) general liability;
new text end

new text begin (5) marine;
new text end

new text begin (6) fire;
new text end

new text begin (7) accident;
new text end

new text begin (8) disability;
new text end

new text begin (9) long-term care; or
new text end

new text begin (10) any combination of clauses (1) to (9).
new text end

new text begin (b) The credit under paragraph (a) shall be paid by the insurer to the insured and the
insurer shall be entitled to the credit in lieu of the insured, except that the insurer may elect,
in a form prescribed by the commissioner, to not pay the credit and require the insured to
apply for the credit. In the event of such election, the insurer must provide the commissioner
and the insured the name and tax identification number of the insurer and of the insured
and indicate the proper amount of the credit.
new text end

new text begin (c) If taxable property or taxable services purchased by an insurer on behalf of the insured
are purchased free of tax as a purchase for use in a trade or business, then the credit is not
available for that purchase.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for sales and purchases made on or after
January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 11. new text begin FAIR TAX LEGISLATION; ADVISORY TASK FORCE.
new text end

new text begin Subdivision 1. new text end

new text begin Proposed legislation. new text end

new text begin No later than February 1, 2023, the commissioner
of revenue shall submit legislation to the chairs and ranking minority members of the
legislative committees having jurisdiction over taxes in the senate and the house of
representatives recommending the modification, repeal, or enactment of any provision of
law made necessary by the repeal or modification of state taxes under this act, or to ensure
compliance with the intent of this act, and the enactment or to implement the provisions of
this act. The commissioner shall consult with the advisory group established in subdivision
2 in developing the proposed legislation. The sourcing of sales, the duty to collect and remit
the tax, penalties, and other administrative provisions related to the fair tax shall follow as
closely as practical the sourcing, collection, remittance, penalties, and administrative
provisions of the existing sales tax with the exception that the fair tax must be included in
the sales price and not stated separately by the retailer. The legislation shall include, at a
minimum, the following:
new text end

new text begin (1) the repeal of any provision of law relating to withholding taxes;
new text end

new text begin (2) the repeal of any provision of law related to the prohibited taxes under Minnesota
Statutes, section 297A.625;
new text end

new text begin (3) the repeal of the tax exemptions and deductions and administrative provisions related
to the repeal of the taxes prohibited under Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.625;
new text end

new text begin (4) the fair tax rate necessary to replace the current sales and use tax revenue and the
revenues lost as a result of the repeal of the taxes prohibited under Minnesota Statutes,
section 297A.625;
new text end

new text begin (5) any modifications necessary to include the fair tax in the reported sale price of all
taxable property, including reporting and remittance requirements for the fair tax collected
by sellers;
new text end

new text begin (6) the method for collecting the fair tax;
new text end

new text begin (7) the percentage of the fair tax that should be dedicated to all special funds currently
receiving a dedication of revenue under Minnesota Statutes, chapter 297A, or any of the
taxes prohibited after December 31, 2023, under Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.625;
new text end

new text begin (8) record-keeping requirements for all sellers;
new text end

new text begin (9) a vendor allowance provision to compensate all sellers and other remitters of the tax
to offset their costs of complying with the tax;
new text end

new text begin (10) the method for providing each qualified taxpayer with a payment to offset the burden
on taxation of basic necessities as required by section 13;
new text end

new text begin (11) any provisions necessary for administering the credits allowed in Minnesota Statutes,
section 297A.755;
new text end

new text begin (12) provisions for reporting wages to the Social Security Administration;
new text end

new text begin (13) the statutory language and cross-reference changes necessary to effect the provisions
of this act, including the repeal of all sections related to the prohibition of the taxes in
Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.625;
new text end

new text begin (14) recommendations for changes in rate or duration for all local sales taxes to reflect
the expanded tax base under the fair tax;
new text end

new text begin (15) recommendations for changes to existing local sales tax laws to allow their
administration with the fair tax; and
new text end

new text begin (16) any other recommendation or provision necessary to effect the provisions of this
act.
new text end

new text begin Subd. 2. new text end

new text begin Fair Tax Advisory Task Force. new text end

new text begin (a) The Fair Tax Advisory Task Force shall
provide advice to the commissioner of revenue related to the development of the legislation
required in subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin (b) The task force shall consist of the following individuals or their designees:
new text end

new text begin (1) the commissioner of revenue;
new text end

new text begin (2) three senators who serve on the committee having jurisdiction over taxes, chosen by
the Subcommittee on Committees of the senate Committee on Rules and Administration,
of which two appointees shall be from the majority party and one from the minority party;
new text end

new text begin (3) three representatives who serve on the committee having jurisdiction over taxes,
chosen by the speaker of the house, of which two appointees shall be from the majority
party and one from the minority party;
new text end

new text begin (4) one representative from the tax section of the Minnesota Bar Association, selected
by that association;
new text end

new text begin (5) one representative from the Minnesota Society of Certified Public Accountants,
selected by that organization;
new text end

new text begin (6) a representative from the Minnesota Retailers Association, selected by the advisory
task force;
new text end

new text begin (7) a representative of the banking and credit union industry, selected by the advisory
board;
new text end

new text begin (8) two private citizens chosen by the speaker of the house; and
new text end

new text begin (9) two private citizens chosen by the majority leader of the senate.
new text end

new text begin (c) The advisory task force may adopt procedures to govern its conduct and shall select
a chair from among its members. All members serve at the pleasure of their appointing
authority.
new text end

new text begin (d) The advisory task force shall assist the commissioner in identifying specific statutes
and issues needed to be addressed in prohibiting the taxes listed in Minnesota Statutes,
section 297A.655, and replacing the lost revenues with the fair tax. It will also review and
offer recommendations on drafts of the legislation developed by the commissioner under
subdivision 1.
new text end

new text begin (e) The commissioner may accept lawful grants and in-kind contributions from any
federal, state, or local source or legal business or individual for general operation support,
including personnel costs. The staff from the Department of Revenue shall provide the
primary staffing for the advisory task force, although senate and house of representatives
legislative staff may also provide assistance at the discretion of the senate and house of
representatives members.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 12. new text begin FAIR TAX RATE.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner shall determine a method for setting the fair tax rate for the tax
required under this act to replace the anticipated state revenue loss due to the prohibition
of the taxes in Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.655, and the change from the existing sales
tax to the fair tax under this act. The commissioner shall determine the rate change necessary
to reduce the heritage tax rate by a revenue neutral amount as allowed under the Minnesota
Constitution, article XI, section 15. The rates determined under this section shall be the tax
rates under Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.62, subdivisions 1 and 1a, for all sales and
purchases made on or after January 1, 2024.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment.
new text end

Sec. 13. new text begin MONTHLY SALES TAX REBATE.
new text end

new text begin The commissioner shall determine a method for providing a monthly sales tax rebate
for each qualified person. The sales tax rebate must be distributed to each qualified family
on or before the first business day of the month for which the sales tax rebate is being
provided. The amount of the sales tax rebate must be determined annually and be equal to
the product of the rate of the sales tax established under Minnesota Statutes, section 297A.62,
and 1/12 of the annual poverty guidelines updated periodically in the Federal Register by
the United States Department of Health and Human Services under the authority of United
States Code, title 42, section 9902(2), as amended. If a qualified family contains two qualified
individuals, the amount of the sales tax rebate will be based on the annual poverty guidelines
for a family of one plus the annual poverty guidelines for a family size equal to one less
than the number of persons in the qualified family.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective the day following final enactment and
rebates under this section shall be paid beginning January 1, 2024.
new text end

Sec. 14. new text begin REPEALER.
new text end

new text begin (a) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 290.01, subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 3, 3a, 3b, 4, 4a, 4c,
5, 5a, 5b, 6, 7, 7a, 7b, 8, 8a, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 29, 29a, and 30;
290.0131, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, and 14; 290.0132, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, and 26; 290.0133, subdivisions
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12; 290.0134, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,
12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, and 19; 290.0135; 290.0136; 290.0137; 290.014; 290.015; 290.02;
290.03; 290.032, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 290.04; 290.05, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8;
290.06, subdivisions 1, 2d, 2g, 2h, 23, 27, 28, 29, 33, 35, 37, and 38; 290.067, subdivisions
1, 2b, 3, and 4; 290.0671, subdivisions 1a, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 7; 290.0672, subdivisions 1 and
2; 290.0674, subdivisions 1, 2, 2a, 4, and 5; 290.0675, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, and 4; 290.0677;
290.0679; 290.068, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6a, and 7; 290.0681, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8, and 9; 290.0684; 290.0685; 290.0686; 290.0692, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and
6; 290.07, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, and 7; 290.0802; 290.081; 290.0922, subdivisions 1, 2, 3,
and 4; 290.093; 290.095, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, and 11; 290.10, subdivision 1; 290.17,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6; 290.172; 290.191, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11,
and 12; 290.20; 290.21, subdivisions 1 and 4; 290.22; 290.26, subdivision 6; 290.281,
subdivision 1; 290.30; 290.31, subdivision 27; 290.311, subdivision 1; 290.32; 290.34,
subdivisions 1 and 2; 290.36; 290.371, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, and 4; 290.431; 290.432; 290.48,
subdivision 10; 290.491; 290.62; 290.92, subdivisions 4, 4a, 9, 10, 12, 16, 17, 21, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, and 30; 290.9201, subdivisions 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, and 11; 290.923, subdivisions
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 11; 290.9705, subdivisions 1, 3, and 4; 290.9725; 290.9726,
subdivisions 1, 2, and 4; 290.9727; 290.9728; 290.9729; 290.9741; 290.9742; 297D.01;
297D.02; 297D.03; 297D.04; 297D.05; 297D.06; 297D.07; 297D.08; 297D.085; 297D.09;
297D.10; 297D.11; 297D.12; 297D.13; 297F.01, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9a,
10, 10a, 10b, 11, 12, 13, 13a, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 21a, 22, 22a, and 23; 297F.02;
297F.03; 297F.04, subdivisions 1, 2a, and 3; 297F.05, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 3a, 4, 4a, 5, 6,
and 7; 297F.06; 297F.07; 297F.08, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 8a, 9, 10, 12, and 13;
297F.09, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, and 9; 297F.10, subdivisions 1 and 2; 297F.11; 297F.12;
297F.13, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, and 5; 297F.14; 297F.15, subdivisions 9 and 10; 297F.17,
subdivisions 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8; 297F.18; 297F.185; 297F.19, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7,
8, and 9; 297F.20; 297F.21, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 297F.23; 297F.24; 297F.25; 297G.01;
297G.02; 297G.03, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6; 297G.031; 297G.032; 297G.04; 297G.05;
297G.06; 297G.07; 297G.08; 297G.09, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 10; 297G.10;
297G.11; 297G.12; 297G.13; 297G.14, subdivision 9; 297G.16, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 8, and 9; 297G.17; 297G.18, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11; 297G.19;
297G.20, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, and 4; 297G.22; 297H.01; 297H.02; 297H.03; 297H.04,
subdivisions 1, 3, and 4; 297H.06, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 297H.07; 297H.08; 297H.09;
297H.10, subdivision 1; 297H.11; 297H.115; 297H.12; 297H.13, subdivisions 1, 2, and 5;
297I.01; 297I.05, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, and 14; 297I.06, subdivisions 1,
2, and 3; 297I.10, subdivisions 1, 3, and 4; 297I.11, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 297I.15,
subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12; 297I.20, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3; 297I.25,
subdivision 1; 297I.30, subdivisions 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11; 297I.35; 297I.40; 297I.60,
subdivisions 1 and 2; 297I.65; 297I.70; 297I.75; 297I.80; 297I.85; 297I.90; 462D.01;
462D.02; 462D.03; 462D.04; 462D.05; and 462D.06,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin (b) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, sections 290.01, subdivisions 19 and 31;
290.06, subdivisions 2c and 22; 290.0671, subdivision 1; 290.0681, subdivision 10; 290.0682;
290.31, subdivision 1; 290.92, subdivisions 1, 2a, 3, 4b, 4c, 5, 5a, 19, and 20; 290.923,
subdivision 9; 297F.031; 297F.04, subdivision 2; 297F.09, subdivisions 3, 4a, 7, and 10;
297F.13, subdivision 4; 297F.17, subdivisions 1 and 6; 297G.09, subdivision 9; 297G.16,
subdivision 7; 297H.04, subdivision 2; 297H.05; and 297I.20, subdivisions 4 and 5,
new text end new text begin are
repealed.
new text end

new text begin (c) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2020, sections 297A.61, subdivisions 3, 4, 6, 10, 12, 13, 16a,
16b, 16c, 17, 17a, 17b, 18, 25, 26, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44,
45, 46, 49, and 58; 297A.62, subdivision 3; 297A.63, subdivision 2; 297A.64; 297A.65;
297A.67, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7a, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 13a, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19,
20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, and 36; 297A.68, subdivisions 1, 2, 3,
3a, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33,
34, 35a, 36, 37, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, and 45; 297A.69, subdivisions 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 7;
297A.70, subdivisions 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9a, 10, 11, 11a, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, and
20; 297A.71, subdivisions 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 22, 23, 34, 35, 40, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49,
and 50; 297A.75, subdivisions 4 and 5; and 297A.825,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin (d) new text end new text begin Minnesota Statutes 2021 Supplement, sections 297A.70, subdivisions 3 and 13; and
297A.75, subdivisions 1, 2, and 3,
new text end new text begin are repealed.
new text end

new text begin EFFECTIVE DATE. new text end

new text begin This section is effective for all taxable years beginning after
December 31, 2023, and all sales and purchases made after December 31, 2023.
new text end

APPENDIX

Repealed Minnesota Statutes: 22-07148

270C.585 TRANSFEREE LIABILITY FOR ESTATE TAX.

The personal representative and person to whom property that is subject to taxation under chapter 291 is transferred, other than a bona fide purchaser, mortgagee, or lessee, is personally liable for that tax, until its payment, to the extent of the value of the property at the time of the transfer. Personal liability also does not extend to subsequent transferees from bona fide purchasers, mortgagees, and lessees.

273.42 RATE OF TAX; ENTRY AND CERTIFICATION; CREDIT ON PAYMENT; PROPERTY TAX CREDIT.

Subd. 3.

State tax on transmission and distribution lines.

Notwithstanding section 273.425, the entire tax capacity of property taxed at the average local tax rate under subdivision 1 is subject to the state tax rate provided in section 275.025. Notwithstanding subdivisions 1 and 2, the entire proceeds of the state tax levy for each such property must be distributed to the state under the procedures provided in chapter 276. No portion of the proceeds from the state levy on such property is distributed within the county under subdivision 1 or 2.

275.025 STATE GENERAL TAX.

Subdivision 1.

Levy amount.

The state general levy is levied against commercial-industrial property and seasonal residential recreational property, as defined in this section. The state general levy for commercial-industrial property is $716,990,000 for taxes payable in 2023 and thereafter. The state general levy for seasonal-recreational property is $41,690,000 for taxes payable in 2020 and thereafter. The tax under this section is not treated as a local tax rate under section 469.177 and is not the levy of a governmental unit under chapters 276A and 473F.

The commissioner shall increase or decrease the preliminary or final rate for a year as necessary to account for errors and tax base changes that affected a preliminary or final rate for either of the two preceding years. Adjustments are allowed to the extent that the necessary information is available to the commissioner at the time the rates for a year must be certified, and for the following reasons:

(1) an erroneous report of taxable value by a local official;

(2) an erroneous calculation by the commissioner; and

(3) an increase or decrease in taxable value for commercial-industrial or seasonal residential recreational property reported to the commissioner under section 270C.85, subdivision 2, clause (4), for the same year.

The commissioner may, but need not, make adjustments if the total difference in the tax levied for the year would be less than $100,000.

Subd. 2.

Commercial-industrial tax capacity.

For the purposes of this section, "commercial-industrial tax capacity" means the tax capacity of all taxable property classified as class 3 or class 5(1) under section 273.13, excluding:

(1) the tax capacity attributable to the first $150,000 of market value of each parcel of commercial-industrial property as defined under section 273.13, subdivision 24, clauses (1) and (2);

(2) electric generation attached machinery under class 3; and

(3) property described in section 473.625.

County commercial-industrial tax capacity amounts are not adjusted for the captured net tax capacity of a tax increment financing district under section 469.177, subdivision 2, the net tax capacity of transmission lines deducted from a local government's total net tax capacity under section 273.425, or fiscal disparities contribution and distribution net tax capacities under chapter 276A or 473F. For purposes of this subdivision, the procedures for determining eligibility for tier 1 under section 273.13, subdivision 24, clauses (1) and (2), shall apply in determining the portion of a property eligible to be considered within the first $150,000 of market value.

Subd. 3.

Seasonal residential recreational tax capacity.

For the purposes of this section, "seasonal residential recreational tax capacity" means the tax capacity of tier III of class 1c under section 273.13, subdivision 22, and all class 4c(1), 4c(3)(ii), and 4c(12) property under section 273.13, subdivision 25, except that the first $76,000 of market value of each noncommercial class 4c(12) property has a tax capacity for this purpose equal to 40 percent of its tax capacity under section 273.13.

Subd. 4.

Apportionment and levy of state general tax.

The state general tax must be levied by applying a uniform rate to all commercial-industrial tax capacity and a uniform rate to all seasonal residential recreational tax capacity. On or before October 1 each year, the commissioner of revenue shall certify the preliminary state general levy rates to each county auditor that must be used to prepare the notices of proposed property taxes for taxes payable in the following year. By January 1 of each year, the commissioner shall certify the final state general levy rates to each county auditor that shall be used in spreading taxes.

Subd. 5.

Underserved municipalities distribution.

(a) Any municipality that:

(1) lies wholly or partially within the metropolitan area as defined under section 473.121, subdivision 2, but outside the transit taxing district as defined under section 473.446, subdivision 2; and

(2) has a net fiscal disparities contribution equal to or greater than eight percent of its total taxable net tax capacity,

is eligible for a distribution from the proceeds of the state general levy imposed on taxpayers within the municipality.

(b) The distribution is equal to (1) the municipality's net tax capacity tax rate, times (2) the municipality's net fiscal disparities contribution in excess of eight percent of its total taxable net tax capacity; provided, however, that the distribution may not exceed the tax under this section imposed on taxpayers within the municipality. The amount of the distribution to each municipality must be determined by the commissioner of revenue and certified to each affected municipality and county by September 1 of the year in which taxes are payable.

(c) The distribution under this subdivision must be paid to the qualifying municipality by the treasurer of the home county of the municipality by December 1 of the year the taxes are payable. The amounts distributed under this subdivision must be deducted from the settlement of the state general levy for the taxes payable year under section 276.112.

(d) For purposes of this subdivision, the following terms have the meanings given.

(1) "Municipality" means a home rule or statutory city, or a town, except that in the case of a city that lies only partially within the metropolitan area, municipality means the portion of the city lying within the metropolitan area.

(2) "Net fiscal disparities contribution" means a municipality's fiscal disparities contribution tax capacity minus its distribution net tax capacity.

(3) "Total taxable net tax capacity" means the total net tax capacity of all properties in the municipality under section 273.13 minus (i) the net fiscal disparities contribution, and (ii) the municipality's tax increment captured net tax capacity.

Subd. 6.

Natural gas pipeline.

(a) The county must abate the state general levy on personal property that is part of an intrastate natural gas transportation or distribution pipeline system if:

(1) construction of the pipeline system commenced after January 1, 2018; and

(2) the pipeline system provides service to an area:

(i) outside the seven-county metropolitan area, as defined in section 473.121, subdivision 4; and

(ii) in which more than half of the households or businesses lacked access to natural gas distribution systems as of January 1, 2018.

(b) In the first year that a taxpayer seeks an abatement under this subdivision, the taxpayer must file an application with the commissioner of revenue by March 1 of the assessment year on a form prescribed by the commissioner.

(c) The commissioner of revenue must notify any affected county in the first year that a pipeline system becomes eligible for an abatement under this subdivision.

(d) The abatement under this subdivision applies for a period not to exceed 12 taxable years, provided that once a property no longer qualifies, it may not subsequently qualify for an abatement under this subdivision.

276.112 STATE PROPERTY TAXES; COUNTY TREASURER.

On the estimated payment and settlement dates provided in this chapter for the settlement of taxes levied by school districts, the county treasurer must make full settlement with the county auditor for all receipts of state property taxes levied under section 275.025, and must transmit those receipts to the commissioner of revenue by electronic means on the dates and according to the provisions applicable to distributions to school districts.

289A.10 FILING REQUIREMENTS FOR ESTATE TAX RETURNS.

Subdivision 1.

Return required.

In the case of a decedent who has an interest in property with a situs in Minnesota, the personal representative must submit a Minnesota estate tax return to the commissioner, on a form prescribed by the commissioner, if:

(1) a federal estate tax return is required to be filed; or

(2) the sum of the federal gross estate and federal adjusted taxable gifts, as defined in section 2001(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, made within three years of the date of the decedent's death exceeds $1,200,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2014; $1,400,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2015; $1,600,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2016; $2,100,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2017; $2,400,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2018; $2,700,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2019; and $3,000,000 for estates of decedents dying in 2020 and thereafter.

The return must contain a computation of the Minnesota estate tax due. The return must be signed by the personal representative.

Subd. 1a.

Recapture tax return required.

If a disposition or cessation as provided by section 291.03, subdivision 11, paragraph (a), has occurred, the qualified heir, as defined under section 291.03, subdivision 8, paragraph (c), or personal representative of the decedent's estate must submit a recapture tax return to the commissioner.

Subd. 2.

Documents required.

The commissioner may designate on the return the documents that are required to be filed together with the return to determine the computation of tax.

Subd. 3.

Definitions.

For purposes of this section, the definitions contained in section 291.005 apply.

289A.12 FILING REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMATION RETURNS AND REPORTS.

Subd. 18.

Returns by qualified heirs.

A qualified heir, as defined in section 291.03, subdivision 8, paragraph (c), must file two returns with the commissioner attesting that no disposition or cessation as provided by section 291.03, subdivision 11, paragraph (a), occurred. The first return must be filed no earlier than 24 months and no later than 26 months after the decedent's death. The second return must be filed no earlier than 36 months and no later than 39 months after the decedent's death.

289A.18 DUE DATES FOR FILING OF RETURNS.

Subd. 3a.

Recapture tax return.

A recapture tax return must be filed with the commissioner within six months after the date of the disposition or cessation as provided by section 291.03, subdivision 11, paragraph (a).

289A.19 EXTENSIONS FOR FILING RETURNS.

Subd. 4.

Estate tax returns.

The time for filing an estate tax return shall be extended for either six months or the amount of time granted under section 6081 of the Internal Revenue Code to file the federal estate tax return, whichever is longer.

289A.20 DUE DATES FOR MAKING PAYMENTS OF TAX.

Subd. 3.

Estate tax.

Taxes imposed by section 291.03, subdivision 1, take effect at and upon the death of the person whose estate is subject to taxation and are due and payable on or before the expiration of nine months from that death.

Subd. 3a.

Recapture tax.

The additional estate tax imposed by section 291.03, subdivision 11, paragraph (b), is due and payable on or before the expiration of the date provided by section 291.03, subdivision 11, paragraph (c).

289A.30 EXTENSIONS FOR PAYING TAX.

Subd. 2.

Estate tax.

Where good cause exists, the commissioner may extend the time for payment of estate tax for a period of not more than six months. If an extension to pay the federal estate tax has been granted under section 6161 of the Internal Revenue Code, the time for payment of the estate tax without penalty is extended for that period. A taxpayer who owes at least $5,000 in taxes and who, under section 6161 or 6166 of the Internal Revenue Code has been granted an extension for payment of the tax shown on the return, may elect to pay the tax due to the commissioner in equal amounts at the same time as required for federal purposes. A taxpayer electing to pay the tax in installments shall defer a percentage of tax that does not exceed the percentage of federal tax deferred and must notify the commissioner in writing no later than nine months after the death of the person whose estate is subject to taxation. If the taxpayer fails to pay an installment on time, unless it is shown that the failure is due to reasonable cause, the election is revoked and the entire amount of unpaid tax plus accrued interest is due and payable 90 days after the date on which the installment was payable.

289A.55 INTEREST PAYABLE TO COMMISSIONER.

Subd. 7.

Installment payments; estate tax.

Interest must be paid on unpaid installment payments of the tax authorized under section 289A.30, subdivision 2, beginning on the date the tax was due without regard to extensions allowed or extensions elected, at the rate given in section 270C.40.

290.01 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Words, terms, and phrases.

Unless the language or context clearly indicates that a different meaning is intended, the following words, terms, and phrases, for the purposes of this chapter, shall be given the meanings subjoined to them.

Subd. 1a.

Uniform Probate Code.

The definitions set forth in section 524.1-201, wherever appropriate to the administration of the provisions of this chapter, are incorporated by reference herein.

Subd. 2.

Person.

The term "person" includes individuals, fiduciaries, estates, trusts, and partnerships and may, where the context requires, include corporations as herein defined.

Subd. 3.

Partnership; partner.

The terms "partnership" and "partner" have the meanings given in section 7701(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 3a.

Trust.

The term "trust" has the meaning provided under the Internal Revenue Code, and also means designated settlement fund as defined in and taxed federally under section 468B of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 3b.

Limited liability company.

For purposes of this chapter and chapter 289A, a limited liability company that is formed under either the laws of this state or under similar laws of another state, will be treated as an entity similar to its treatment for federal income tax purposes.

Subd. 4.

Corporation.

The term "corporation" shall include every entity which is a corporation under section 7701(a)(3) or is treated as a corporation under section 851(g) or 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code and financial institutions. A corporation's franchise is its authorization to exist and conduct business, whether created by legislation, by executive order, by a governmental agency, by contract or other private action, or by some combination thereof. Every corporation is deemed to have a corporate franchise. An entity described in section 646(b) of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Public Law 99-514, as amended by section 1006(k) of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988, Public Law 100-647, shall be classified in the same manner for purposes of this chapter as it is for federal income tax purposes.

Subd. 4a.

Financial institution.

(a) "Financial institution" means:

(1) any corporation or other business entity registered (i) under state law as a bank holding company; (ii) under the federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended; or (iii) as a savings and loan holding company under the federal National Housing Act, as amended;

(2) a national bank organized and existing as a national bank association pursuant to the provisions of United States Code, title 12, chapter 2;

(3) a savings association or federal savings bank as defined in United States Code, title 12, section 1813(b)(1);

(4) any bank or thrift institution incorporated or organized under the laws of any state;

(5) any corporation organized under United States Code, title 12, sections 611 to 631;

(6) any agency or branch of a foreign depository as defined under United States Code, title 12, section 3101;

(7) any corporation or other business entity that is more than 50 percent owned, directly or indirectly, by any person or business entity described in clauses (1) to (6), other than an insurance company taxable under chapter 297I;

(8) a corporation or other business entity that derives more than 50 percent of its total gross income for financial accounting purposes from finance leases. For the purposes of this clause, "gross income" means the average from the current tax year and immediately preceding two years and excludes gross income from incidental or occasional transactions. For purposes of this clause, "finance lease" means any lease transaction that is the functional equivalent of an extension of credit and that transfers substantially all the benefits and risks incident to the ownership of property, including any direct financing lease or leverage lease that meets the criteria of Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 13, accounting for leases, or any other lease that is accounted for as financing by a lessor under generally accepted accounting principles; or

(9) any other person or business entity, other than an insurance company, that derives more than 50 percent of its gross income from activities that an entity described in clauses (2) to (6) or (8) is authorized to transact. For the purposes of this clause, gross income does not include income from nonrecurring, extraordinary items.

(b) The commissioner is authorized to exclude any person from the application of paragraph (a), clause (9), if the person proves by clear and convincing evidence that the person's income-producing activity is not in substantial competition with any person described in paragraph (a), clauses (2) to (6) or (8).

Subd. 4c.

Mutual insurance holding companies.

A "mutual insurance holding company" is not an insurance company for purposes of this chapter.

Subd. 5.

Domestic corporation.

The term "domestic" when applied to a corporation means a corporation:

(1) created or organized in the United States, or under the laws of the United States or of any state, the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision of any of the foregoing but not including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States; or

(2) which qualifies as a DISC, as defined in section 992(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 5a.

Foreign corporation.

The term "foreign," when applied to a corporation, means a corporation other than a domestic corporation.

Subd. 5b.

Insurance company.

The terms "insurance company," "life insurance company," and "insurance company other than life," have the meanings given in the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 6.

Taxpayer.

The term "taxpayer" means any person or corporation subject to a tax imposed by this chapter. For purposes of section 290.06, subdivision 23, the term "taxpayer" means an individual eligible to vote in Minnesota under section 201.014.

Subd. 7.

Resident.

(a) The term "resident" means any individual domiciled in Minnesota, except that an individual is not a "resident" for the period of time that the individual is a "qualified individual" as defined in section 911(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, if the qualified individual notifies the county within three months of moving out of the country that homestead status be revoked for the Minnesota residence of the qualified individual, and the property is not classified as a homestead while the individual remains a qualified individual.

(b) "Resident" also means any individual domiciled outside the state who maintains a place of abode in the state and spends in the aggregate more than one-half of the tax year in Minnesota, unless:

(1) the individual or the spouse of the individual is in the armed forces of the United States; or

(2) the individual is covered under the reciprocity provisions in section 290.081.

For purposes of this subdivision, presence within the state for any part of a calendar day constitutes a day spent in the state. Individuals shall keep adequate records to substantiate the days spent outside the state.

The term "abode" means a dwelling maintained by an individual, whether or not owned by the individual and whether or not occupied by the individual, and includes a dwelling place owned or leased by the individual's spouse.

(c) In determining where an individual is domiciled, neither the commissioner nor any court shall consider:

(1) charitable contributions made by the individual within or without the state;

(2) the location of the individual's attorney, certified public accountant, or financial adviser; or

(3) the place of business of a financial institution at which the individual applies for any new type of credit or at which the individual opens or maintains any type of account.

(d) For purposes of this subdivision, the following terms have the meanings given them:

(1) "financial adviser" means:

(i) an individual or business entity engaged in business as a certified financial planner, registered investment adviser, licensed insurance producer or agent, or registered securities broker-dealer representative; or

(ii) a financial institution providing services related to trust or estate administration, investment management, or financial planning; and

(2) "financial institution" means a financial institution as defined in section 47.015, subdivision 1; a state or nationally chartered credit union; or a registered broker-dealer under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934.

Subd. 7a.

Resident estate.

Resident estate means the estate of a deceased person where (1) the decedent was domiciled in Minnesota at the date of death, or (2) the personal representative or fiduciary was appointed by a Minnesota court in a proceeding other than an ancillary proceeding, or (3) the administration of the estate is carried on in Minnesota in a proceeding other than an ancillary proceeding.

Subd. 7b.

Resident trust.

(a) Resident trust means a trust, except a grantor type trust, which either (1) was created by a will of a decedent who at death was domiciled in this state or (2) is an irrevocable trust, the grantor of which was domiciled in this state at the time the trust became irrevocable. For the purpose of this subdivision, a trust is considered irrevocable to the extent the grantor is not treated as the owner thereof under sections 671 to 678 of the Internal Revenue Code. The term "grantor type trust" means a trust where the income or gains of the trust are taxable to the grantor or others treated as substantial owners under sections 671 to 678 of the Internal Revenue Code. This paragraph applies to trusts, except grantor type trusts, that became irrevocable after December 31, 1995, or are first administered in Minnesota after December 31, 1995.

(b) This paragraph applies to trusts, except grantor type trusts, that are not governed under paragraph (a). A trust, except a grantor type trust, is a resident trust only if two or more of the following conditions are satisfied:

(1) a majority of the discretionary decisions of the trustees relative to the investment of trust assets are made in Minnesota;

(2) a majority of the discretionary decisions of the trustees relative to the distributions of trust income and principal are made in Minnesota;

(3) the official books and records of the trust, consisting of the original minutes of trustee meetings and the original trust instruments, are located in Minnesota.

(c) For purposes of paragraph (b), if the trustees delegate decisions and actions to an agent or custodian, the actions and decisions of the agent or custodian must not be taken into account in determining whether the trust is administered in Minnesota, if:

(1) the delegation was permitted under the trust agreement;

(2) the trustees retain the power to revoke the delegation on reasonable notice; and

(3) the trustees monitor and evaluate the performance of the agent or custodian on a regular basis as is reasonably determined by the trustees.

Subd. 8.

Fiduciary.

The term "fiduciary" means a guardian, trustee, receiver, conservator, personal representative, or any person acting in any fiduciary capacity for any person or corporation.

Subd. 8a.

Personal representative.

The term "personal representative" includes executor, administrator, successor personal representative, special administrator, and persons who perform substantially the same function under the law governing their status.

Subd. 9.

Taxable year.

The term "taxable year" means the period for which the taxes levied by this chapter are imposed. It shall be a calendar year, a fiscal year, or, in cases where returns for a fractional part of a year are permitted or required, the period for which such return is made.

Subd. 10.

Fiscal year.

The term "fiscal year" means an accounting period of 12 months ending on the last day of any month other than December. In the case of any taxpayer who has made the election provided by section 289A.08, subdivision 5, the term means the annual period (varying from 52 to 53 weeks) so elected.

Subd. 11.

Paid or incurred, paid or accrued, received, or received or accrued.

The terms "paid or incurred" and "paid or accrued" shall be construed according to the method of accounting upon the basis of which net income is computed for the purposes of the taxes imposed by this chapter; and the terms "received" and "received or accrued" shall be similarly construed.

Subd. 12.

Stock or share.

The term "stock" or "share" means the interest of a member in a corporation however evidenced.

Subd. 13.

Stockholder or shareholder.

The term "stockholder" or "shareholder" means the owner of any such "stock" or "share."

Subd. 14.

State or this state.

The term "state" or "this state" means the state of Minnesota.

Subd. 15.

Includes.

The term "includes" and its derivatives, when used in a definition contained in this chapter, shall not exclude other things otherwise within the meaning of the term defined.

Subd. 16.

Commissioner.

The term "commissioner" means the commissioner of revenue of the state of Minnesota.

Subd. 17.

Property.

The term "property" includes every form of property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, and every interest therein, legal or equitable, irrespective of how created or arising. Property pledged or mortgaged shall be treated as owned by the pledgor or mortgagor.

Subd. 18.

Duty on estate or trust.

When, in this chapter, the estate of a decedent or a trust is referred to as a taxable person, or a duty is imposed on such estate or trust, the reference may be construed as meaning the fiduciary in charge of the property of such estate or trust, and the duty shall be treated as imposed on such fiduciary.

Subd. 19.

Net income.

(a) For a trust or estate taxable under section 290.03, and a corporation taxable under section 290.02, the term "net income" means the federal taxable income, as defined in section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through the date named in this subdivision, incorporating the federal effective dates of changes to the Internal Revenue Code and any elections made by the taxpayer in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code in determining federal taxable income for federal income tax purposes, and with the modifications provided in sections 290.0131 to 290.0136.

(b) For an individual, the term "net income" means federal adjusted gross income with the modifications provided in sections 290.0131, 290.0132, and 290.0135 to 290.0137.

(c) In the case of a regulated investment company or a fund thereof, as defined in section 851(a) or 851(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, federal taxable income means investment company taxable income as defined in section 852(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that:

(1) the exclusion of net capital gain provided in section 852(b)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply;

(2) the deduction for dividends paid under section 852(b)(2)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code must be applied by allowing a deduction for capital gain dividends and exempt-interest dividends as defined in sections 852(b)(3)(C) and 852(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(3) the deduction for dividends paid must also be applied in the amount of any undistributed capital gains which the regulated investment company elects to have treated as provided in section 852(b)(3)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(d) The net income of a real estate investment trust as defined and limited by section 856(a), (b), and (c) of the Internal Revenue Code means the real estate investment trust taxable income as defined in section 857(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(e) The net income of a designated settlement fund as defined in section 468B(d) of the Internal Revenue Code means the gross income as defined in section 468B(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 2018, applies for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1996, except the sections of federal law in section 290.0111 shall also apply.

(g) Except as otherwise provided, references to the Internal Revenue Code in this subdivision and sections 290.0131 to 290.0136 mean the code in effect for purposes of determining net income for the applicable year.

Subd. 20.

Gross income.

The term "gross income" means the gross income as defined in section 61 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through the date named in subdivision 19 for the applicable taxable year, plus any additional items of income taxable under this chapter but not taxable under the Internal Revenue Code, less any items included in federal gross income but of a character exempt from state income tax under the laws of the United States.

Subd. 22.

Taxable net income.

For tax years beginning after December 31, 1986, the term "taxable net income" means:

(1) for resident individuals the same as net income;

(2) for individuals who were not residents of Minnesota for the entire year, the same as net income except that the tax is imposed only on the Minnesota apportioned share of that income as determined pursuant to section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e);

(3) for all other taxpayers, the part of net income that is allocable to Minnesota by assignment or apportionment under one or more of sections 290.17, 290.191, 290.20, and 290.36.

Subd. 29.

Taxable income.

The term "taxable income" means:

(1) for individuals, estates, and trusts, the same as taxable net income;

(2) for corporations, the taxable net income less

(i) the net operating loss deduction under section 290.095;

(ii) the dividends received deduction under section 290.21, subdivision 4; and

(iii) the exemption for operating in a job opportunity building zone under section 469.317.

Subd. 29a.

State itemized deduction.

"State itemized deduction" means the itemized deductions for individual income tax allowed under section 290.0122, subdivision 1, reduced by the limit under section 290.0122, subdivision 2.

Subd. 30.

References to Internal Revenue Code.

Except when inappropriate, a reference in this chapter (1) to the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 includes a reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and (2) to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 includes a reference to the provisions of law formerly known as the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.

Subd. 31.

Internal Revenue Code.

Unless specifically defined otherwise, "Internal Revenue Code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 2018, except the sections of federal law in section 290.0111 shall also apply. Internal Revenue Code also includes any uncodified provision in federal law that relates to provisions of the Internal Revenue Code that are incorporated into Minnesota law.

290.0131 INDIVIDUALS; ADDITIONS TO FEDERAL TAXABLE INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Definition; scope.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "addition" means an amount that must be added to federal taxable income for a trust or an estate or federal adjusted gross income for an individual in computing net income for the taxable year to which the amounts relate.

(b) The additions in this section apply to individuals, estates, and trusts.

(c) Unless specifically indicated or unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, only amounts that were deducted or excluded in computing federal taxable income for a trust or an estate or federal adjusted gross income for individuals are an addition under this section.

Subd. 2.

Federally exempt interest income.

(a) Interest income on obligations of any state other than Minnesota or a political or governmental subdivision, municipality, or governmental agency or instrumentality of any state other than Minnesota exempt from federal income taxes under the Internal Revenue Code or any other federal statute is an addition.

(b) Exempt-interest dividends as defined in section 852(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code are an addition, except the portion of the exempt-interest dividends:

(1) exempt from state taxation under the laws of the United States; or

(2) derived from interest income on obligations of the state of Minnesota or its political or governmental subdivisions, municipalities, or governmental agencies or instrumentalities, but only if the portion of the exempt-interest dividends from those Minnesota sources paid to all shareholders represents 95 percent or more of the exempt-interest dividends, including any dividends exempt under clause (1), that are paid by the regulated investment company as defined in section 851(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the fund of the regulated investment company as defined in section 851(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, making the payment.

(c) For the purposes of paragraphs (a) and (b), interest on obligations of an Indian tribal government described in section 7871(c) of the Internal Revenue Code is treated as interest income on obligations of the state in which the tribe is located.

Subd. 3.

Income, sales and use, motor vehicle sales, or excise taxes paid.

For trusts and estates, the amount of income, sales and use, motor vehicle sales, or excise taxes paid or accrued within the taxable year under this chapter and the amount of taxes based on net income, sales and use, motor vehicle sales, or excise taxes paid to any other state or to any province or territory of Canada is an addition to the extent deducted under section 63(d) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 4.

Capital gain on lump-sum distribution.

The capital gain amount of a lump-sum distribution to which the special tax under section 1122(h)(3)(B)(ii) of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Public Law 99-514, applies is an addition.

Subd. 5.

Income taxes deducted in computing federal adjusted gross income.

(a) The amount of income taxes paid or accrued within the taxable year under this chapter and taxes based on net income paid to any other state or any province or territory of Canada is an addition to the extent allowed as a deduction in determining federal adjusted gross income.

(b) For the purpose of this subdivision, income taxes do not include the taxes imposed by sections 290.0922, subdivision 1, paragraph (b); 290.9727; 290.9728; and 290.9729.

Subd. 6.

Disallowed expense, interest, or taxes.

The amount of expense, interest, or taxes disallowed under section 290.10, subdivision 1, other than expenses or interest used in computing net interest income for the subtraction allowed under section 290.0132, subdivision 2, is an addition.

Subd. 8.

Partner's pro rata share of net income.

The amount of a partner's pro rata share of net income which does not flow through to the partner because the partnership elected to pay the tax on the income under section 6242(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 9.

Bonus depreciation.

(a) 80 percent of the depreciation deduction allowed under section 168(k) of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, if the taxpayer has an activity that in the taxable year generates a deduction for depreciation under section 168(k) of the Internal Revenue Code and the activity generates a loss for the taxable year that the taxpayer is not allowed to claim for the taxable year, "the depreciation deduction allowed under section 168(k)" for the taxable year is limited to excess of the depreciation claimed by the activity under section 168(k) over the amount of the loss from the activity that is not allowed in the taxable year. In succeeding taxable years when the losses not allowed in the taxable year are allowed, the depreciation under section 168(k) is allowed.

Subd. 10.

Section 179 expensing.

(a) For property placed in service in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2020, except for qualifying depreciable property, 80 percent of the amount by which the deduction allowed under the dollar limits of section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code exceeds the deduction allowable by section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended through December 31, 2003, is an addition.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "qualifying depreciable property" means:

(1) property for which a depreciation deduction is allowed under section 167 of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(2) property received as part of an exchange that qualifies for gain or loss recognition deferral under section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 16, 2016, but that does not qualify for gain or loss recognition deferral under section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 2018.

Subd. 14.

First-time home buyer savings account.

The amount for a first-time home buyer savings account required by section 462D.06, subdivision 2, is an addition.

290.0132 INDIVIDUALS; SUBTRACTIONS FROM FEDERAL TAXABLE INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Definition; scope.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "subtraction" means an amount that shall be subtracted from federal taxable income for a trust or an estate or federal adjusted gross income for an individual in computing net income for the taxable year to which the amounts relate.

(b) The subtractions in this section apply to individuals, estates, and trusts.

(c) Unless specifically indicated or unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, no amount deducted, subtracted, or otherwise excluded in computing federal taxable income for a trust or an estate or federal adjusted gross income for an individual is a subtraction under this section.

Subd. 2.

Exempt interest.

Net interest income on obligations of any authority, commission, or instrumentality of the United States to the extent includable in taxable income for federal income tax purposes, but exempt from state income tax under the laws of the United States, is a subtraction.

Subd. 3.

Overpayment of income tax.

The amount of any overpayment of income tax to Minnesota or to any other state, for any previous taxable year, is a subtraction, whether the amount is received as a refund or as a credit to another taxable year's income tax liability.

Subd. 4.

Education expenses.

(a) Subject to the limits in paragraph (b), the following amounts paid to others for each qualifying child are a subtraction:

(1) education-related expenses; plus

(2) tuition and fees paid to attend a school described in section 290.0674, subdivision 1, clause (4), that are not included in education-related expenses; less

(3) any amount used to claim the credit under section 290.0674.

(b) The maximum subtraction allowed under this subdivision is:

(1) $1,625 for each qualifying child in kindergarten through grade 6; and

(2) $2,500 for each qualifying child in grades 7 through 12.

(c) The definitions in section 290.0674, subdivision 1, apply to this subdivision.

Subd. 5.

Elderly and disabled.

The subtraction base amount allowed under section 290.0802 is a subtraction.

Subd. 6.

Gain on forced sale of farm property; foreclosure.

Income realized on disposition of property exempt from tax under section 290.491 is a subtraction.

Subd. 7.

Charitable contributions for taxpayers who do not itemize.

For an individual who does not itemize deductions under section 290.0132, subdivision 19, for the taxable year, an amount equal to 50 percent of the excess of charitable contributions over $500 allowable as a deduction for the taxable year under section 290.0122, subdivision 4, is a subtraction. The subtraction under this subdivision must not include a distribution that is excluded from federal adjusted gross income and that is not deductible under section 408(d)(8)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 9.

Delayed bonus depreciation.

(a) In each of the five taxable years immediately following the taxable year in which an addition is required under section 290.0131, subdivision 9, or 290.0133, subdivision 11, for a shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, an amount equal to one-fifth of the delayed depreciation is a subtraction.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "delayed depreciation" means the amount of the addition made by the taxpayer under section 290.0131, subdivision 9, or 290.0133, subdivision 11, for a shareholder of an S corporation, minus the positive value of any net operating loss under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code generated for the taxable year of the addition. The resulting delayed depreciation cannot be less than zero.

Subd. 11.

National Guard and reserve compensation.

(a) Compensation paid to members of the Minnesota National Guard or other reserve components of the United States military for active service, including compensation for services performed under the Active Guard Reserve (AGR) program, is a subtraction.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "active service" means:

(1) state active service as defined in section 190.05, subdivision 5a, clause (1); or

(2) federally funded state active service as defined in section 190.05, subdivision 5b, and includes service performed under section 190.08, subdivision 3.

Subd. 12.

Armed forces active duty compensation paid to Minnesota residents.

Compensation paid to Minnesota residents who are members of the armed forces of the United States or United Nations for active duty performed under United States Code, title 10, or the authority of the United Nations, is a subtraction.

Subd. 13.

Organ donation expenses.

(a) An amount, not to exceed $10,000, equal to qualified expenses related to a qualified donor's donation, while living, of one or more of the qualified donor's organs to another person for human organ transplantation, is a subtraction.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision:

(1) "organ" means all or part of an individual's liver, pancreas, kidney, intestine, lung, or bone marrow;

(2) "human organ transplantation" means the medical procedure by which transfer of a human organ is made from the body of one person to the body of another person;

(3) "qualified expenses" means unreimbursed expenses for both the individual and the qualified donor for (i) travel, (ii) lodging, and (iii) lost wages net of sick pay, except that the expenses may be subtracted under this subdivision only once; and

(4) "qualified donor" means the individual or the individual's dependent, as defined in section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) An individual may claim the subtraction in this subdivision for each instance of organ donation for transplantation during the taxable year in which the qualified expenses occur.

Subd. 14.

Section 179 expensing.

In each of the five taxable years immediately following the taxable year in which an addition is required under section 290.0131, subdivision 10, or 290.0133, subdivision 12, for a shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, an amount equal to one-fifth of the addition made by the taxpayer under section 290.0131, subdivision 10, or 290.0133, subdivision 12, for a shareholder of a corporation that is an S corporation, minus the positive value of any net operating loss under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code generated for the taxable year of the addition, is a subtraction. If the net operating loss exceeds the addition for the taxable year, a subtraction is not allowed under this subdivision.

Subd. 15.

Nonresident military service compensation.

For nonresidents of Minnesota, compensation paid to a service member as defined in United States Code, title 10, section 101(a)(5), for military service as defined in United States Code, Appendix, title 50, section 511(2), is a subtraction.

Subd. 16.

National service educational awards.

National service educational awards received from the National Service Trust under United States Code, title 42, sections 12601 to 12604, for service in an approved Americorps National Service program are a subtraction.

Subd. 18.

Net operating losses.

The amount of the net operating loss allowed under section 290.095, subdivision 11, paragraph (c), is a subtraction.

Subd. 19.

Standard or itemized deductions.

(a) The standard deduction amount allowed under section 290.0123, subdivision 1, is a subtraction.

(b) A taxpayer may elect to claim a subtraction equal to the amount of itemized deductions calculated under section 290.0122, subdivision 1, in lieu of the subtraction for the standard deduction in paragraph (a).

Subd. 20.

Dependent exemption.

The dependent exemption under section 290.0121, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), is a subtraction.

Subd. 21.

Military service pension; retirement pay.

To the extent included in federal adjusted gross income, compensation received from a pension or other retirement pay from the federal government for service in the military, as computed under United States Code, title 10, sections 1401 to 1414, 1447 to 1455, and 12733, is a subtraction. The subtraction is limited to individuals who do not claim the credit under section 290.0677.

Subd. 22.

Railroad track maintenance expenses.

The amount of expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to claiming the railroad track maintenance credit under section 45G(a) of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 23.

Contributions to a section 529 plan.

(a) The amount equal to the contributions made during the taxable year to a qualified account is a subtraction.

(b) The definitions under section 290.0684 apply for the purposes of this subdivision.

(c) The subtraction under this subdivision must not exceed $3,000 for married couples filing joint returns and $1,500 for all other filers, and is limited to individuals who do not claim the credit under section 290.0684.

Subd. 24.

Discharge of indebtedness; education loans.

(a) The amount equal to the discharge of indebtedness of the taxpayer is a subtraction if:

(1) the indebtedness discharged is a qualified education loan; and

(2) the indebtedness was discharged under section 136A.1791, or following the taxpayer's completion of an income-driven repayment plan.

(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, "qualified education loan" has the meaning given in section 221 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) For purposes of this subdivision, "income-driven repayment plan" means a payment plan established by the United States Department of Education that sets monthly student loan payments based on income and family size under United States Code, title 20, section 1087e, or similar authority and specifically includes, but is not limited to:

(1) the income-based repayment plan under United States Code, title 20, section 1098e;

(2) the income contingent repayment plan established under United States Code, title 20, section 1087e, subsection (e); and

(3) the PAYE program or REPAYE program established by the Department of Education under administrative regulations.

Subd. 25.

First-time home buyer savings account.

(a) For purposes of this subdivision, the terms defined in section 462D.02 have the meanings given in that section.

(b) The earnings on a first-time home buyer savings account allowed by section 462D.06, subdivision 1, is a subtraction.

Subd. 26.

Social Security benefits.

(a) A portion of taxable Social Security benefits is allowed as a subtraction. The subtraction equals the lesser of taxable Social Security benefits or a maximum subtraction subject to the limits under paragraphs (b), (c), and (d).

(b) For married taxpayers filing a joint return and surviving spouses, the maximum subtraction equals $5,150. The maximum subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional income over $78,180. In no case is the subtraction less than zero.

(c) For single or head-of-household taxpayers, the maximum subtraction equals $4,020. The maximum subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional income over $61,080. In no case is the subtraction less than zero.

(d) For married taxpayers filing separate returns, the maximum subtraction equals one-half the maximum subtraction for joint returns under paragraph (b). The maximum subtraction is reduced by 20 percent of provisional income over one-half the threshold amount specified in paragraph (b). In no case is the subtraction less than zero.

(e) For purposes of this subdivision, "provisional income" means modified adjusted gross income as defined in section 86(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, plus one-half of the taxable Social Security benefits received during the taxable year, and "Social Security benefits" has the meaning given in section 86(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) The commissioner shall adjust the maximum subtraction and threshold amounts in paragraphs (b) to (d) as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019. The maximum subtraction and threshold amounts as adjusted must be rounded to the nearest $10 amount. If the amount ends in $5, the amount is rounded up to the nearest $10 amount.

290.0133 CORPORATIONS; ADDITIONS TO FEDERAL TAXABLE INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Definition; scope.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "addition" means an amount that must be added to federal taxable income in computing net income for the taxable year to which the amount relates.

(b) The additions in this section apply to corporations other than S corporations.

(c) Unless specifically indicated or unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, only amounts that were deducted or excluded in computing federal taxable income are an addition under this section.

Subd. 2.

Taxes paid.

The amount of any deduction taken for income, excise, or franchise taxes based on net income or related minimum taxes, including but not limited to the tax imposed under section 290.0922, paid by the corporation to Minnesota, another state, a political subdivision of another state, the District of Columbia, or any foreign country or possession of the United States, is an addition.

Subd. 3.

Nontaxable interest.

Interest upon obligations of: the United States, its possessions, its agencies, or its instrumentalities; the state of Minnesota or any other state, any of its political or governmental subdivisions, any of its municipalities, or any of its governmental agencies or instrumentalities; the District of Columbia; or Indian tribal governments is an addition.

Subd. 4.

Exempt-interest dividends.

Exempt-interest dividends received as defined in section 852(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code are an addition.

Subd. 5.

Net operating losses.

The amount of any net operating loss deduction under section 172 or 832(c)(10) of the Internal Revenue Code or operations loss deduction under section 810 of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 6.

Special deductions.

The amount of any special deductions under sections 241 to 247, 250, and 965 of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 7.

Nontaxable mining losses.

Losses from the business of mining, as defined in section 290.05, subdivision 1, clause (a), that are not subject to Minnesota franchise tax are an addition.

Subd. 8.

Capital losses.

The amount of any capital losses under sections 1211 and 1212 of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 9.

Percentage depletion.

The amount of percentage depletion under sections 611 through 614 and 291 of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 10.

Partner's pro rata share of net income.

The amount of a partner's pro rata share of net income which does not flow through to the partner because the partnership elected to pay the tax on the income under section 6242(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition.

Subd. 11.

Bonus depreciation.

80 percent of the depreciation deduction allowed under section 168(k)(1)(A) and (k)(4)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition. For purposes of this subdivision, if the taxpayer has an activity that in the taxable year generates a deduction for depreciation under section 168(k)(1)(A) and (k)(4)(A) and the activity generates a loss for the taxable year that the taxpayer is not allowed to claim for the taxable year, "the depreciation allowed under section 168(k)(1)(A) and (k)(4)(A)" for the taxable year is limited to excess of the depreciation claimed by the activity under section 168(k)(1)(A) and (k)(4)(A) over the amount of the loss from the activity that is not allowed in the taxable year. In succeeding taxable years when the losses not allowed in the taxable year are allowed, the depreciation under section 168(k)(1)(A) and (k)(4)(A) is allowed.

Subd. 12.

Section 179 expensing.

(a) For property placed in service in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2020, except for qualifying depreciable property, 80 percent of the amount by which the deduction allowed under the dollar limits of section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code exceeds the deduction allowable by section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended through December 31, 2003, is an addition.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "qualifying depreciable property" means:

(1) property for which a depreciation deduction is allowed under section 167 of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(2) property received as part of an exchange that qualifies for gain or loss recognition deferral under section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 16, 2016, but that does not qualify for gain or loss recognition deferral under section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 2018.

290.0134 CORPORATIONS; SUBTRACTIONS FROM FEDERAL TAXABLE INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Definition; scope.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "subtraction" means an amount that shall be subtracted from federal taxable income in computing net income for the taxable year to which the amount relates.

(b) The subtractions in this section apply to corporations, other than S corporations, after the additions provided in section 290.0133.

(c) Unless specifically indicated or unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, no amount deducted, subtracted, or otherwise excluded in computing federal taxable income is a subtraction under this section.

Subd. 2.

Foreign dividends.

The amount of foreign dividend gross-up under section 78 of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 3.

Disallowed salary expense.

The amount of salary expense not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to claiming the work opportunity credit under section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 4.

Exempt dividends.

Any dividend, not including any distribution in liquidation, paid within the taxable year by a national or state bank to the United States, or to any instrumentality of the United States exempt from federal income taxes, on the preferred stock of the bank owned by the United States or the instrumentality is a subtraction.

Subd. 5.

Capital losses.

The deduction for capital losses under sections 1211 and 1212 of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction, except that:

(1) capital loss carrybacks are not allowed; and

(2) a capital loss carryover to each of the 15 taxable years succeeding the loss year is allowed.

Subd. 6.

Interest and expenses relating to federally nontaxable income.

Interest and expenses relating to income not taxable for federal income tax purposes is a subtraction if (1) the income is taxable under this chapter, and (2) the interest and expenses were disallowed as deductions under the provisions of section 171(a)(2), 265, or 291 of the Internal Revenue Code in computing federal taxable income.

Subd. 7.

Percentage depletion.

For mines, oil and gas wells, other natural deposits, and timber for which percentage depletion was disallowed under section 290.0133, subdivision 9, a reasonable allowance for depletion based on actual cost is a subtraction. For leases, the deduction must be apportioned between the lessor and lessee under rules prescribed by the commissioner. For property held in trust, the allowable deduction must be apportioned between the income beneficiaries and the trustee under the pertinent provisions of the trust instrument, or if there is no provision in the trust instrument, on the basis of the trust's income allocable to each.

Subd. 8.

Refunds.

Refunds of income, excise, or franchise taxes based on net income or related minimum taxes paid by the corporation to Minnesota, another state, a political subdivision of another state, the District of Columbia, or a foreign country or possession of the United States to the extent that the taxes were added to federal taxable income under section 290.0133, subdivision 2, in a prior taxable year are a subtraction.

Subd. 9.

Exempt mining income.

Income or gains from the business of mining as defined in section 290.05, subdivision 1, clause (a), that are not subject to Minnesota franchise tax are a subtraction.

Subd. 10.

Disallowed disability access expenditures.

The amount of disability access expenditures in the taxable year which are not allowed to be deducted or capitalized under section 44(d)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 11.

Disallowed qualified research expenses.

The amount of qualified research expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes under section 280C(c) of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction, but only to the extent that the amount exceeds the amount of the credit allowed under section 290.068.

Subd. 12.

Disallowed salary expenses; Indian employment credit.

The amount of salary expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to claiming the Indian employment credit under section 45A(a) of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 13.

Bonus depreciation.

(a) In each of the five taxable years immediately following the taxable year in which an addition is required under section 290.0133, subdivision 11, an amount equal to one-fifth of the delayed depreciation is a subtraction.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "delayed depreciation" means the amount of the addition made by the taxpayer under section 290.0133, subdivision 11, provided that delayed depreciation cannot be less than zero.

Subd. 14.

Section 179 expensing.

In each of the five taxable years immediately following the taxable year in which an addition is required under section 290.0133, subdivision 12, an amount equal to one-fifth of the amount of the addition is a subtraction.

Subd. 16.

Railroad track maintenance expenses.

The amount of expenses not allowed for federal income tax purposes due to claiming the railroad track maintenance credit under section 45G(a) of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 17.

Global intangible low-taxed income.

The amount of global intangible low-taxed income included in gross income under section 951A of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 18.

Deferred foreign income.

The amount of deferred foreign income recognized because of section 965 of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

Subd. 19.

Disallowed section 280E expenses; medical cannabis manufacturers.

The amount of expenses of a medical cannabis manufacturer, as defined under section 152.22, subdivision 7, related to the business of medical cannabis under sections 152.21 to 152.37, and not allowed for federal income tax purposes under section 280E of the Internal Revenue Code is a subtraction.

290.0135 BASIS MODIFICATIONS AFFECTING GAIN OR LOSS ON DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY.

(a) For individuals, estates, and trusts, the basis of property is its adjusted basis for federal income tax purposes except as set forth in paragraphs (e) and (f). For corporations, the basis of property is its adjusted basis for federal income tax purposes, without regard to the time when the property became subject to tax under this chapter or to whether out-of-state losses or items of tax preference with respect to the property were not deductible under this chapter, except that the modifications to the basis for federal income tax purposes set forth in paragraphs (b) to (i) are allowed to corporations, and the resulting modifications to federal taxable income must be made in the year in which gain or loss on the sale or other disposition of property is recognized.

(b) The basis of property shall not be reduced to reflect federal investment tax credit.

(c) For property acquired before January 1, 1933, the basis for computing a gain is the fair market value of the property as of that date. The basis for determining a loss is the cost of the property to the taxpayer less any depreciation, amortization, or depletion, actually sustained before that date. If the adjusted cost exceeds the fair market value of the property, then the basis is the adjusted cost regardless of whether there is a gain or loss.

(d) The basis is reduced by the allowance for amortization of bond premium if an election to amortize was made pursuant to Minnesota Statutes 1986, section 290.09, subdivision 13, and the allowance could have been deducted by the taxpayer under this chapter during the period of the taxpayer's ownership of the property.

(e) For assets placed in service before January 1, 1987, corporations, partnerships, or individuals engaged in the business of mining ores other than iron ore or taconite concentrates subject to the occupation tax under chapter 298 must use the occupation tax basis of property used in that business.

(f) For assets placed in service before January 1, 1990, corporations, partnerships, or individuals engaged in the business of mining iron ore or taconite concentrates subject to the occupation tax under chapter 298 must use the occupation tax basis of property used in that business.

(g) In applying the provisions of sections 301(c)(3)(B), 312(f) and (g), and 316(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, the dates December 31, 1932, and January 1, 1933, shall be substituted for February 28, 1913, and March 1, 1913, respectively.

(h) In applying the provisions of section 362(a) and (c) of the Internal Revenue Code, the date December 31, 1956, shall be substituted for June 22, 1954.

(i) The basis of property shall be increased by the amount of intangible drilling costs not previously allowed due to differences between this chapter and the Internal Revenue Code.

(j) The adjusted basis of any corporate partner's interest in a partnership is the same as the adjusted basis for federal income tax purposes modified as required to reflect the basis modifications set forth in paragraphs (b) to (i). The adjusted basis of a partnership in which the partner is an individual, estate, or trust is the same as the adjusted basis for federal income tax purposes modified as required to reflect the basis modifications set forth in paragraphs (e) and (f).

(k) The modifications contained in paragraphs (b) to (i) also apply to the basis of property that is determined by reference to the basis of the same property in the hands of a different taxpayer or by reference to the basis of different property.

290.0136 CERTAIN PREFERRED STOCK LOSSES.

A taxpayer must compute net income by treating losses from the sale or transfer of certain preferred stock, which the taxpayer treated as ordinary losses pursuant to Division A, title III, section 301 of Public Law 110-343, as capital losses. The amount of net income under section 290.01, subdivision 19; taxable net income under section 290.01, subdivision 22; taxable income under section 290.01, subdivision 29; the numerator and denominator in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e); individual alternative minimum taxable income under section 290.091, subdivision 2; corporate alternative minimum taxable income under section 290.0921, subdivision 3; and net operating losses under section 290.095 must be computed for each taxable year as if those losses had been treated by the taxpayer as capital losses under the Internal Revenue Code, including the limitations under section 1211 of the Internal Revenue Code.

290.0137 ACCELERATED RECOGNITION OF CERTAIN INSTALLMENT SALE GAINS.

(a) In the case of a nonresident individual or a person who becomes a nonresident individual during the tax year, taxable net income shall include the amount realized upon a sale of the assets of, or any interest in, an S corporation or partnership that operated in Minnesota during the year of sale, including any income or gain to be recognized in future years pursuant to an installment sale method of reporting under the Internal Revenue Code.

(1) For the purposes of this paragraph, an individual who becomes a nonresident of Minnesota in any year after an installment sale is required to recognize the full amount of any income or gain described in this paragraph on the individual's final Minnesota resident tax return to the extent that such income has not been recognized in a prior year.

(2) For the purposes of this section, "realized" has the meaning given in section 1001(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(3) For the purposes of this section, "installment sale" means any installment sale under section 453 of the Internal Revenue Code and any other sale that is reported utilizing a method of accounting authorized under subchapter E of the Internal Revenue Code that allows taxpayers to delay reporting or recognizing a realized gain until a future year.

(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), nonresident taxpayers may elect to defer recognizing unrecognized installment sale gains by making an election under this paragraph. The election must be filed on a form to be determined or prescribed by the commissioner and must be filed by the due date of the individual income tax return, including any extension. Electing taxpayers must make an irrevocable agreement to:

(1) file Minnesota tax returns in all subsequent years when gains from the installment sales are recognized and reported to the Internal Revenue Service;

(2) allocate gains to the state of Minnesota as though the gains were realized in the year of sale under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20; and

(3) include all relevant federal tax documents reporting the installment sale with subsequent Minnesota tax returns.

(c) Income or gain recognized for Minnesota purposes pursuant to paragraph (a) must be excluded from taxable net income in any future year that the taxpayer files a Minnesota tax return to the extent that the income or gain has already been subject to tax pursuant to paragraph (a).

290.014 JURISDICTION TO TAX IN GENERAL.

Subdivision 1.

Resident individuals.

All net income of a resident individual is subject to tax under this chapter.

Subd. 2.

Nonresident individuals.

Except as provided in section 290.015, a nonresident individual is subject to the return filing requirements and to tax as provided in this chapter to the extent that the income of the nonresident individual is:

(1) allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20;

(2) taxed to the individual under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in the individual's capacity as a beneficiary of an estate with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 662(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the individual directly from the source from which realized by the estate;

(3) taxed to the individual under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character that is taxable under this chapter) in the individual's capacity as a beneficiary or grantor or other person treated as a substantial owner of a trust with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 652(b), 662(b), or 664(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the individual directly from the source from which realized by the trust;

(4) taxed to the individual under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in the individual's capacity as a limited or general partner in a partnership with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the individual directly from the source from which realized by the partnership;

(5) taxed to the individual under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in the individual's capacity as a shareholder of a corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725, and income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 1366(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the individual directly from the source from which realized by the corporation; or

(6) taxed to the individual under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in the individual's capacity as the sole member of a limited liability company that is disregarded for federal income tax purposes, with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20, as though realized by the individual directly from the source from which it was realized by the limited liability company.

Subd. 3.

Trusts and estates.

Except as provided in section 290.015, a trust or estate, whether resident or nonresident, is subject to the return filing requirements and to tax as provided in this chapter to the extent that the income of the trust or estate is:

(1) allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20;

(2) taxed to the trust or estate under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary of a trust or estate with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 662(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the trust or beneficiary estate directly from the source from which realized by the distributing estate;

(3) taxed to the trust or estate under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary or grantor or other person treated as a substantial owner of a trust with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 652(b), 662(b), or 664(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the beneficiary trust or estate directly from the source from which realized by the distributing trust;

(4) taxed to the trust or estate under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a limited or general partner in a partnership with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the trust or estate directly from the source from which realized by the partnership; or

(5) taxed to the trust or estate under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a shareholder of a corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725, and income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 1366(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the trust or estate directly from the source from which realized by the corporation.

Subd. 4.

Partnerships.

Except as provided in section 290.015, a partnership is subject to the return filing requirements and to tax as provided in this chapter if the income of the partnership is:

(1) allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20;

(2) taxed to the partnership under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary of an estate with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 662(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the partnership directly from the source from which realized by the estate;

(3) taxed to the partnership under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary or grantor or other person treated as a substantial owner of a trust with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 652(b), 662(b), or 664(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the partnership directly from the source from which realized by the trust; or

(4) taxed to the partnership under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a limited or general partner in a partnership with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the second tier partnership directly from the source from which realized by the first tier partnership.

Subd. 5.

Corporations.

Except as provided in section 290.015, corporations are subject to the return filing requirements and to tax as provided in this chapter if the corporation so exercises its franchise as to engage in such contacts with this state as to cause part of the income of the corporation to be:

(1) allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, 290.20, or 290.36;

(2) taxed to the corporation under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary of an estate with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 662(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the corporation directly from the source from which realized by the estate;

(3) taxed to the corporation under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a beneficiary or grantor or other person treated as a substantial owner of a trust with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 652(b), 662(b), or 664(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the corporation directly from the source from which realized by the trust; or

(4) taxed to the corporation under the Internal Revenue Code (or not taxed under the Internal Revenue Code by reason of its character but of a character which is taxable under this chapter) in its capacity as a limited or general partner in a partnership with income allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 and the income, taking into account the income character provisions of section 702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, would be allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20 if realized by the corporation directly from the source from which realized by the partnership.

290.015 MINIMUM CONTACTS REQUIRED FOR JURISDICTION TO TAX TRADE OR BUSINESS.

Subdivision 1.

General rule.

(a) Except as provided in subdivision 3, a person that conducts a trade or business that has a place of business in this state, regularly has employees or independent contractors conducting business activities on its behalf in this state, or owns or leases real property that is located in this state or tangible personal property, including but not limited to mobile property, that is present in this state is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter.

(b) Except as provided in subdivision 3, a person that conducts a trade or business not described in paragraph (a) is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter if the trade or business obtains or regularly solicits business from within this state, without regard to physical presence in this state.

(c) For purposes of paragraph (b), business from within this state includes, but is not limited to:

(1) sales of products or services of any kind or nature to customers in this state who receive the product or service in this state;

(2) sales of services which are performed from outside this state but the services are received in this state;

(3) transactions with customers in this state that involve intangible property and result in receipts attributed to this state as provided in section 290.191, subdivision 5 or 6;

(4) leases of tangible personal property that is located in this state as defined in section 290.191, subdivision 5, paragraph (g), or 6, paragraph (e); and

(5) sales and leases of real property located in this state.

(d) For purposes of paragraph (b), solicitation includes, but is not limited to:

(1) the distribution, by mail or otherwise, without regard to the state from which such distribution originated or in which the materials were prepared, of catalogs, periodicals, advertising flyers, or other written solicitations of business to customers in this state;

(2) display of advertisements on billboards or other outdoor advertising in this state;

(3) advertisements in newspapers published in this state;

(4) advertisements in trade journals or other periodicals, the circulation of which is primarily within this state;

(5) advertisements in a Minnesota edition of a national or regional publication or a limited regional edition of which this state is included of a broader regional or national publication which are not placed in other geographically defined editions of the same issue of the same publication;

(6) advertisements in regional or national publications in an edition which is not by its contents geographically targeted to Minnesota, but which is sold over the counter in Minnesota or by subscription to Minnesota residents;

(7) advertisements broadcast on a radio or television station located in Minnesota; or

(8) any other solicitation by telephone, computer database, cable, optic, microwave, or other communication system.

Subd. 2.

Presumption.

(a) A person is presumed, subject to rebuttal, to be obtaining or regularly soliciting business from within this state if:

(1) it conducts activities described in subdivision 1, paragraph (b), without regard to transactions described in subdivision 3, with 20 or more persons within this state during any tax period; or

(2) it is a financial institution as defined in section 290.01, subdivision 4a, and the sum of its assets and the absolute value of its deposits attributable to sources within this state equals or exceeds $5,000,000, with assets and deposits attributed to sources within this state by applying the principles established under section 290.191, except as provided in subdivision 3.

(b) A financial institution that (i) is not engaged in activities within this state under subdivision 1, paragraph (a), and (ii) does not satisfy the requirements of paragraph (a) is not subject to taxes imposed by this chapter.

Subd. 3.

Exceptions.

(a) A person is not subject to tax under this chapter if the person is engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property and taxation of that person under this chapter is precluded by Public Law 86-272, United States Code, title 15, sections 381 to 384, or would be so precluded except for the fact that the person stored tangible personal property in a state licensed facility under chapter 231.

(b) Ownership of an interest in the following types of property (including those contacts with this state reasonably required to evaluate and complete the acquisition or disposition of the property, the servicing of the property or the income from it, the collection of income from the property, or the acquisition or liquidation of collateral relating to the property) shall not be a factor in determining whether the owner is subject to tax under this chapter:

(1) an interest in a real estate mortgage investment conduit, a real estate investment trust, a financial asset securitization investment trust, or a regulated investment company or a fund of a regulated investment company, as those terms are defined in the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) an interest in money market instruments or securities as defined in section 290.191, subdivision 6, paragraphs (c) and (d);

(3) an interest in a loan-backed, mortgage-backed, or receivable-backed security representing either: (i) ownership in a pool of promissory notes, mortgages, or receivables or certificates of interest or participation in such notes, mortgages, or receivables, or (ii) debt obligations or equity interests which provide for payments in relation to payments or reasonable projections of payments on the notes, mortgages, or receivables;

(4) an interest acquired from a person in assets described in section 290.191, subdivision 11, paragraphs (e) to (l), subject to the provisions of paragraph (c), clause (2)(A);

(5) an interest acquired from a person in the right to service, or collect income from any assets described in section 290.191, subdivision 11, paragraphs (e) to (l), subject to the provisions of paragraph (c), clause (2)(A);

(6) an interest acquired from a person in a funded or unfunded agreement to extend or guarantee credit whether conditional, mandatory, temporary, standby, secured, or otherwise, subject to the provisions of paragraph (c), clause (2)(A);

(7) an interest of a person other than an individual, estate, or trust, in any intangible, tangible, real, or personal property acquired in satisfaction, whether in whole or in part, of any asset embodying a payment obligation which is in default, whether secured or unsecured, the ownership of an interest in which would be exempt under the preceding provisions of this subdivision, provided the property is disposed of within a reasonable period of time;

(8) amounts held in escrow or trust accounts, pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of property described in this subdivision; or

(9) any interest in tangible personal property upon which printing will take place located at the premises of a printer that is not a member of a unitary business in this state with which the person has a contract for printing.

(c)(1) For purposes of paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (6), an interest in the type of assets or credit agreements described is deemed to exist at the time the owner becomes legally obligated, conditionally or unconditionally, to fund, acquire, renew, extend, amend, or otherwise enter into the credit arrangement.

(2)(A) An owner has acquired an interest from a person in paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (6), assets if:

(i) the owner at the time of the acquisition of the asset does not own, directly or indirectly, 15 percent or more of the outstanding stock or in the case of a partnership 15 percent or more of the capital or profit interests of the person from whom it acquired the asset;

(ii) the person from whom the owner acquired the asset regularly sells, assigns, or transfers interests in paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (6), assets during the 12 calendar months immediately preceding the month of acquisition to three or more persons; and

(iii) the person from whom the owner acquired the asset does not sell, assign, or transfer 75 percent or more of its paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (6), assets during the 12 calendar months immediately preceding the month of acquisition to the owner.

For purposes of determining indirect ownership under item (i), the owner is deemed to own all stock, capital, or profit interests owned by another person if the owner directly owns 15 percent or more of the stock, capital, or profit interests in the other person. The owner is also deemed to own through any intermediary parties all stock, capital, and profit interests directly owned by a person to the extent there exists a 15 percent or more chain of ownership of stock, capital, or profit interests between the owner, intermediary parties and the person.

(B) If the owner of the asset is a member of a unitary business, paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (8), do not apply to an interest acquired from another member of the unitary business. If the interest in the asset was originally acquired from a nonunitary member and at that time qualified as a section 290.015, subdivision 3, paragraph (b), asset, the foregoing limitation does not apply.

Subd. 4.

Limitations.

(a) This section does not subject a trade or business to any regulation, including any tax, of any local unit of government or subdivision of this state if the trade or business does not own or lease tangible or real property located within this state and has no employees or independent contractors present in this state to assist in the carrying on of the business.

(b) The purchase of tangible personal property or intangible property or services by a person that conducts a trade or business with the principal place of business outside of Minnesota, referred to as the "non-Minnesota person", from a person within Minnesota shall not be taken into account in determining whether the non-Minnesota person is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter, except for services involving either the direct solicitation of Minnesota customers or relationships with Minnesota customers after sales are made. This paragraph is subject to the limitations contained in subdivision 3, paragraph (b), clauses (4) to (6).

(c) Contact with any Minnesota financial institution by any financial institution with its principal place of business outside Minnesota with respect to transactions described in subdivision 3, or with respect to deposits received from or by a Minnesota financial institution, shall not be taken into account in determining whether such a financial institution is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter. Participation by a Minnesota financial institution in a transaction which also involves a borrower and a financial institution that conducts a trade or business with its principal place of business outside of Minnesota shall not be a factor in determining whether such financial institution is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter. This paragraph does not apply to transactions between or among members of the same unitary business.

Subd. 5.

Determination at entity level.

Determinations under this section with respect to trades or businesses conducted by a partnership, trust, estate, or corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725, or any other entity, the income of which is or may be taxed to its owners or beneficiaries must be made with respect to the entity carrying on the trade or business and not with respect to owners or beneficiaries of the trade or business, the taxability of which under this chapter must be determined under section 290.014.

290.02 FRANCHISE TAX ON CORPORATIONS MEASURED BY NET INCOME.

An annual franchise tax on the exercise of the corporate franchise to engage in contacts with this state that produce gross income attributable to sources within this state is imposed upon every corporation that so exercises its franchise during the taxable year.

Contacts within this state do not include transportation in interstate or foreign commerce, or both, by means of ships navigating within or through waters that are made international for navigation purposes by any treaty or agreement to which the United States is a party.

The tax so imposed is measured by the corporations' taxable income and alternative minimum taxable income for the taxable year for which the tax is imposed, and computed in the manner and at the rates provided in this chapter.

290.03 INCOME TAX; IMPOSITION, CLASSES OF TAXPAYERS.

An annual tax for each taxable year, computed in the manner and at the rates hereinafter provided, is hereby imposed upon the taxable income for such year of the following classes of taxpayers:

(1) Resident and nonresident individuals;

(2) Estates of decedents, dying domiciled within or without this state;

(3) Trusts (except those taxable as corporations) however created by residents or nonresidents or by domestic or foreign corporations.

290.032 LUMP-SUM DISTRIBUTION TAX.

Subdivision 1.

Imposition.

There is hereby imposed as an addition to the annual income tax for a taxable year of a taxpayer in the classes described in section 290.03 a tax with respect to any distribution received by such taxpayer that is treated as a lump-sum distribution under section 1401(c)(2) of the Small Business Job Protection Act, Public Law 104-188 and that is subject to tax for such taxable year under section 1401(c)(2) of the Small Business Job Protection Act, Public Law 104-188.

Subd. 2.

Computation.

The amount of tax imposed by subdivision 1 shall be computed in the same way as the tax imposed under section 402(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1995, except that the initial separate tax shall be an amount equal to five times the tax which would be imposed by section 290.06, subdivision 2c, if the recipient was an unmarried individual, and the taxable net income was an amount equal to one-fifth of the excess of

(i) the total taxable amount of the lump-sum distribution for the year, over

(ii) the minimum distribution allowance, and except that references in section 402(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1995, to paragraph (1)(A) thereof shall instead be references to subdivision 1, and the excess, if any, of the subtraction base amount over taxable net income for a qualified individual as provided under section 290.0802, subdivision 2.

Subd. 3.

Nonapplication.

The tax imposed by this section shall not be applicable to a nonresident individual.

290.04 LIABILITY FOR TAX.

Subdivision 1.

Accrual.

The liability for the tax imposed by section 290.02 shall arise upon the first day of the taxable year upon which a domestic corporation exercises any of the privileges specified in section 290.02 or exists as a corporation, or on which a foreign corporation is possessed of the privilege for the grant to it of the privilege of transacting or for the actual transaction by it of any local business within this state during any part of its taxable year, in corporate or organized form. The liability for the tax imposed by section 290.03 shall arise concurrently with the receipt or accrual of income during the taxable year. The provisions shall in no way affect the determination of the amount of such taxes, the time for making returns, and the time for paying such taxes.

Subd. 2.

Fiduciary relationship not to affect.

The liability of any taxpayer shall remain unaffected by the fact that such taxpayer, or the title, possession, custody, or control of the taxpayer's business or property, is in the care of a guardian, trustee, receiver, conservator, or any other person acting in any fiduciary capacity for such taxpayer or in reference to the taxpayer's business or property, unless the taxes imposed by this chapter are specifically imposed by this chapter upon any such guardian, trustee, receiver, conservator, or fiduciary.

290.05 EXEMPT INDIVIDUALS, ORGANIZATIONS, ESTATES, TRUSTS.

Subdivision 1.

Exempt entities.

The following corporations, individuals, estates, trusts, and organizations shall be exempted from taxation under this chapter, provided that every such person or corporation claiming exemption under this chapter, in whole or in part, must establish to the satisfaction of the commissioner the taxable status of any income or activity:

(a) corporations, individuals, estates, and trusts engaged in the business of mining or producing iron ore and mining, producing, or refining other ores, metals, and minerals, the mining, production, or refining of which is subject to the occupation tax imposed by section 298.01; but if any such corporation, individual, estate, or trust engages in any other business or activity or has income from any property not used in such business it shall be subject to this tax computed on the net income from such property or such other business or activity. Royalty shall not be considered as income from the business of mining or producing iron ore within the meaning of this section;

(b) the United States of America, the state of Minnesota or any political subdivision of either agencies or instrumentalities, whether engaged in the discharge of governmental or proprietary functions; and

(c) any insurance company, other than a disqualified captive insurance company.

Subd. 2.

Entities taxable unless exempt under Subchapter F of Internal Revenue Code.

Except as provided in subdivisions 1 and 3, organizations, including specifically nonprofit health service plan corporations, as defined in chapter 62C, are subject to taxation under this chapter unless they are exempt from income taxation pursuant to Subchapter F of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 3.

Taxes imposed on exempt entities.

(a) An organization exempt from taxation under subdivision 2 shall, nevertheless, be subject to tax under this chapter to the extent provided in the following provisions of the Internal Revenue Code:

(1) section 527 (dealing with political organizations);

(2) section 528 (dealing with certain homeowners associations);

(3) sections 511 to 515 (dealing with unrelated business income);

(4) section 521 (dealing with farmers' cooperatives); and

(5) section 6033(e)(2) (dealing with lobbying expense); but notwithstanding this subdivision, shall be considered an organization exempt from income tax for the purposes of any law which refers to organizations exempt from income taxes.

(b) The tax shall be imposed on the taxable income of political organizations or homeowner associations or the unrelated business taxable income, as defined in section 512 of the Internal Revenue Code, of organizations defined in section 511 of the Internal Revenue Code, provided that the tax is not imposed on:

(1) advertising revenues from a newspaper published by an organization described in section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) revenues from lawful gambling authorized under chapter 349 that are expended for purposes that qualify for the deduction for charitable contributions under section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code, disregarding the limitation under section 170(b)(2), but only to the extent the contributions are not deductible in computing federal taxable income; or

(3) amounts included in unrelated business taxable income under section 512(a)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code.

The tax shall be at the corporate rates. The tax shall only be imposed on income and deductions assignable to this state under sections 290.17 to 290.20. To the extent deducted in computing federal taxable income, the deductions contained in section 290.21 shall not be allowed in computing Minnesota taxable net income.

(c) The tax shall be imposed on organizations subject to federal tax under section 6033(e)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, in an amount equal to the corporate tax rate multiplied by the amount of lobbying expenses taxed under section 6033(e)(2) which are attributable to lobbying the Minnesota state government.

(d) In calculating unrelated business taxable income under section 512 of the Internal Revenue Code, the amount of any net operating loss deduction claimed under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code is an addition. Taxpayers making an addition under this paragraph may deduct a net operating loss for the taxable year in the same manner as a corporation under section 290.095, in a form and manner prescribed by the commissioner, and may calculate the loss without the application of the limitation provided for under section 512(a)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 4.

Notification to commissioner of federal action.

(a) If the Internal Revenue Service revokes, cancels or suspends, in whole or part, the exempt status of any corporation, individual, estate, trust or organization, or if the amount of gross income, deductions, credits, items of tax preference or taxable income is changed or corrected by either the taxpayer or the Internal Revenue Service, or if the taxpayer consents to any extension of time for assessment of federal income taxes, the corporation, individual, estate, trust or organization shall notify the commissioner in writing of the action within 90 days after that date.

(b) The periods of limitations contained in section 289A.42, subdivision 2, apply when there has been any action referred to in paragraph (a), notwithstanding any period of limitations to the contrary.

Subd. 8.

Authority to revoke exemption for failure to comply with federal law.

The commissioner may examine or investigate an entity claiming exemption under this section and subpart F of the Internal Revenue Code. The commissioner may revoke the exemption under this section for violations of federal law that would permit the commissioner of internal revenue or the secretary of the treasury to revoke the exemption under federal law, regardless of whether such action has been taken under federal law. A revocation under this subdivision is subject to administrative review under section 270C.35.

290.06 RATES OF TAX; CREDITS.

Subdivision 1.

Computation, corporations.

The franchise tax imposed upon corporations shall be computed by applying to their taxable income the rate of 9.8 percent.

Subd. 2c.

Schedules of rates for individuals, estates, and trusts.

(a) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon married individuals filing joint returns and surviving spouses as defined in section 2(a) of the Internal Revenue Code must be computed by applying to their taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $38,770, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $38,770, but not over $154,020, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $154,020, but not over $269,010, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $269,010, 9.85 percent.

Married individuals filing separate returns, estates, and trusts must compute their income tax by applying the above rates to their taxable income, except that the income brackets will be one-half of the above amounts after the adjustment required in subdivision 2d.

(b) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals must be computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $26,520, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $26,520, but not over $87,110, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $87,110, but not over $161,720, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $161,720, 9.85 percent.

(c) The income taxes imposed by this chapter upon unmarried individuals qualifying as a head of household as defined in section 2(b) of the Internal Revenue Code must be computed by applying to taxable net income the following schedule of rates:

(1) On the first $32,650, 5.35 percent;

(2) On all over $32,650, but not over $131,190, 6.8 percent;

(3) On all over $131,190, but not over $214,980, 7.85 percent;

(4) On all over $214,980, 9.85 percent.

(d) In lieu of a tax computed according to the rates set forth in this subdivision, the tax of any individual taxpayer whose taxable net income for the taxable year is less than an amount determined by the commissioner must be computed in accordance with tables prepared and issued by the commissioner of revenue based on income brackets of not more than $100. The amount of tax for each bracket shall be computed at the rates set forth in this subdivision, provided that the commissioner may disregard a fractional part of a dollar unless it amounts to 50 cents or more, in which case it may be increased to $1.

(e) An individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year must compute the individual's Minnesota income tax as provided in this subdivision. After the application of the nonrefundable credits provided in this chapter, the tax liability must then be multiplied by a fraction in which:

(1) the numerator is the individual's Minnesota source federal adjusted gross income as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code and increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and 17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the Minnesota assignable portion of the subtraction for United States government interest under section 290.0132, subdivision 2, the subtractions under sections 290.0132, subdivisions 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 27, and 290.0137, paragraph (c), after applying the allocation and assignability provisions of section 290.081, clause (a), or 290.17; and

(2) the denominator is the individual's federal adjusted gross income as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code, increased by:

(i) the additions required under sections 290.0131, subdivisions 2, 6, 8 to 10, 16, and 17, and 290.0137, paragraph (a); and reduced by

(ii) the subtractions under sections 290.0132, subdivisions 2, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 27, and 290.0137, paragraph (c).

(f) If an individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year is a qualifying owner of a qualifying entity that elects to pay tax as provided in section 289A.08, subdivision 7a, paragraph (b), the individual must compute the individual's Minnesota income tax as provided in paragraph (e), and also must include, to the extent attributed to the electing qualifying entity:

(1) in paragraph (e), clause (1), item (i), and paragraph (e), clause (2), item (i), the addition under section 290.0131, subdivision 5; and

(2) in paragraph (e), clause (1), item (ii), and paragraph (e), clause (2), item (ii), the subtraction under section 290.0132, subdivision 3.

Subd. 2d.

Inflation adjustment of brackets.

The commissioner shall annually adjust the minimum and maximum dollar amounts for each rate bracket for which a tax is imposed in subdivision 2c as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019. The rate applicable to any rate bracket must not be changed. The dollar amounts setting forth the tax shall be adjusted to reflect the changes in the rate brackets. The rate brackets as adjusted must be rounded to the nearest $10 amount. If the rate bracket ends in $5, it must be rounded up to the nearest $10 amount. The commissioner shall determine the rate bracket for married filing separate returns after this adjustment is done. The rate bracket for married filing separate must be one-half of the rate bracket for married filing joint.

Subd. 2g.

First-time home buyer savings account.

(a) For purposes of this subdivision, the terms defined in section 462D.02 have the meanings given in that section.

(b) In addition to the tax computed under subdivision 2c, an additional amount of tax applies equal to the additional tax computed for the taxable year for the account holder of a first-time home buyer account under section 462D.06, subdivision 3.

Subd. 2h.

Section 529 plan recapture.

(a) For the purposes of this subdivision:

(1) the definitions under section 290.0684 apply;

(2) "account owner" means an individual who owns one or more qualified accounts;

(3) "credit ratio" means the ratio of (i) two times the total amount of credits that an account owner claimed under section 290.0684 for contributions to the account owner's qualified accounts to (ii) the total contributions in all taxable years to the account owner's qualified accounts;

(4) "qualified higher education expenses" has the meaning given in section 529(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, except section 529(c)(7) does not apply; and

(5) "subtraction ratio" means the ratio of (i) the total amount of subtractions that an account owner claimed under section 290.0132, subdivision 23, for contributions to the account owner's qualified accounts to (ii) the total contributions in all taxable years to the account owner's qualified accounts.

(b) If a distribution from a qualified account is used for a purpose other than to pay for qualified higher education expenses, the account owner must pay an additional tax equal to:

(1) 50 percent of the product of the credit ratio and the amount of the distribution; plus

(2) ten percent of the product of the subtraction ratio and the amount of the distribution.

(c) The additional tax under this subdivision does not apply to any portion of a distribution that is subject to the additional tax under section 529(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 22.

Credit for taxes paid to another state.

(a) A taxpayer who is liable for taxes based on net income to another state, as provided in paragraphs (b) through (f), upon income allocated or apportioned to Minnesota, is entitled to a credit for the tax paid to another state if the tax is actually paid in the taxable year or a subsequent taxable year. A taxpayer who is a resident of this state pursuant to section 290.01, subdivision 7, paragraph (b), and who is subject to income tax as a resident in the state of the individual's domicile is not allowed this credit unless the state of domicile does not allow a similar credit.

(b) For an individual, estate, or trust, the credit is determined by multiplying the tax payable under this chapter by the ratio derived by dividing the income subject to tax in the other state that is also subject to tax in Minnesota while a resident of Minnesota by the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income, as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code, modified by the addition required by section 290.0131, subdivision 2, and the subtraction allowed by section 290.0132, subdivision 2, to the extent the income is allocated or assigned to Minnesota under sections 290.081 and 290.17.

(c) If the taxpayer is an athletic team that apportions all of its income under section 290.17, subdivision 5, the credit is determined by multiplying the tax payable under this chapter by the ratio derived from dividing the total net income subject to tax in the other state by the taxpayer's Minnesota taxable income.

(d)(1) The credit determined under paragraph (b) or (c) shall not exceed the amount of tax so paid to the other state on the gross income earned within the other state subject to tax under this chapter; and

(2) the allowance of the credit does not reduce the taxes paid under this chapter to an amount less than what would be assessed if the gross income earned within the other state were excluded from taxable net income.

(e) In the case of the tax assessed on a lump-sum distribution under section 290.032, the credit allowed under paragraph (a) is the tax assessed by the other state on the lump-sum distribution that is also subject to tax under section 290.032, and shall not exceed the tax assessed under section 290.032. To the extent the total lump-sum distribution defined in section 290.032, subdivision 1, includes lump-sum distributions received in prior years or is all or in part an annuity contract, the reduction to the tax on the lump-sum distribution allowed under section 290.032, subdivision 2, includes tax paid to another state that is properly apportioned to that distribution.

(f) If a Minnesota resident reported an item of income to Minnesota and is assessed tax in such other state on that same income after the Minnesota statute of limitations has expired, the taxpayer shall receive a credit for that year under paragraph (a), notwithstanding any statute of limitations to the contrary. The claim for the credit must be submitted within one year from the date the taxes were paid to the other state. The taxpayer must submit sufficient proof to show entitlement to a credit.

(g) For the purposes of this subdivision, a resident shareholder of a corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725, must be considered to have paid a tax imposed on the shareholder in an amount equal to the shareholder's pro rata share of any net income tax paid by the S corporation to another state. For the purposes of the preceding sentence, the term "net income tax" means any tax imposed on or measured by a corporation's net income.

(h) For the purposes of this subdivision, a resident partner of an entity taxed as a partnership under the Internal Revenue Code must be considered to have paid a tax imposed on the partner in an amount equal to the partner's pro rata share of any net income tax paid by the partnership to another state. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term "net income" tax means any tax imposed on or measured by a partnership's net income. For purposes of this paragraph, "partnership" includes a limited liability company and "partner" includes a member of a limited liability company.

(i) For the purposes of this subdivision, "another state":

(1) includes:

(i) the District of Columbia; and

(ii) a province or territory of Canada; but

(2) excludes Puerto Rico and the several territories organized by Congress.

(j) The limitations on the credit in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d), are imposed on a state by state basis.

(k) For a tax imposed by a province or territory of Canada, the tax for purposes of this subdivision is the excess of the tax over the amount of the foreign tax credit allowed under section 27 of the Internal Revenue Code. In determining the amount of the foreign tax credit allowed, the net income taxes imposed by Canada on the income are deducted first. Any remaining amount of the allowable foreign tax credit reduces the provincial or territorial tax that qualifies for the credit under this subdivision.

(l)(1) The credit allowed to a qualifying individual under this section for tax paid to a qualifying state equals the credit calculated under paragraphs (b) and (d), plus the amount calculated by multiplying:

(i) the difference between the preliminary credit and the credit calculated under paragraphs (b) and (d), by

(ii) the ratio derived by dividing the income subject to tax in the qualifying state that consists of compensation for performance of personal or professional services by the total amount of income subject to tax in the qualifying state.

(2) If the amount of the credit that a qualifying individual is eligible to receive under clause (1) for tax paid to a qualifying state exceeds the tax due under this chapter before the application of the credit calculated under clause (1), the commissioner shall refund the excess to the qualifying individual. An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this subdivision is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

(3) For purposes of this paragraph, "preliminary credit" means the credit that a qualifying individual is eligible to receive under paragraphs (b) and (d) for tax paid to a qualifying state without regard to the limitation in paragraph (d), clause (2); "qualifying individual" means a Minnesota resident under section 290.01, subdivision 7, paragraph (a), who received compensation during the taxable year for the performance of personal or professional services within a qualifying state; and "qualifying state" means a state with which an agreement under section 290.081 is not in effect for the taxable year but was in effect for a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2010.

Subd. 23.

Refund of contributions to political parties and candidates.

(a) A taxpayer may claim a refund equal to the amount of the taxpayer's contributions made in the calendar year to candidates and to a political party. The maximum refund for an individual must not exceed $50 and for a married couple, filing jointly, must not exceed $100. A refund of a contribution is allowed only if the taxpayer files a form required by the commissioner and attaches to the form a copy of an official refund receipt form issued by the candidate or party and signed by the candidate, the treasurer of the candidate's principal campaign committee, or the chair or treasurer of the party unit, after the contribution was received. The receipt forms must be numbered, and the data on the receipt that are not public must be made available to the campaign finance and public disclosure board upon its request. A claim must be filed with the commissioner no sooner than January 1 of the calendar year in which the contribution was made and no later than April 15 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the contribution was made. A taxpayer may file only one claim per calendar year. Amounts paid by the commissioner after June 15 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the contribution was made must include interest at the rate specified in section 270C.405.

(b) No refund is allowed under this subdivision for a contribution to a candidate unless the candidate:

(1) has signed an agreement to limit campaign expenditures as provided in section 10A.322;

(2) is seeking an office for which voluntary spending limits are specified in section 10A.25; and

(3) has designated a principal campaign committee.

This subdivision does not limit the campaign expenditures of a candidate who does not sign an agreement but accepts a contribution for which the contributor improperly claims a refund.

(c) For purposes of this subdivision, "political party" means a major political party as defined in section 200.02, subdivision 7, or a minor political party qualifying for inclusion on the income tax or property tax refund form under section 10A.31, subdivision 3a.

A "major party" or "minor party" includes the aggregate of that party's organization within each house of the legislature, the state party organization, and the party organization within congressional districts, counties, legislative districts, municipalities, and precincts.

"Candidate" means a candidate as defined in section 10A.01, subdivision 10, except a candidate for judicial office.

"Contribution" means a gift of money.

(d) The commissioner shall make copies of the form available to the public and candidates upon request.

(e) The following data collected or maintained by the commissioner under this subdivision are private: the identities of individuals claiming a refund, the identities of candidates to whom those individuals have made contributions, and the amount of each contribution.

(f) The commissioner shall report to the campaign finance and public disclosure board by each August 1 a summary showing the total number and aggregate amount of political contribution refunds made on behalf of each candidate and each political party. These data are public.

(g) The amount necessary to pay claims for the refund provided in this section is appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of revenue.

(h) For a taxpayer who files a claim for refund via the Internet or other electronic means, the commissioner may accept the number on the official receipt as documentation that a contribution was made rather than the actual receipt as required by paragraph (a).

Subd. 27.

Tax paid to another state; corporations.

(a) A credit is allowed against the tax imposed under subdivision 1 for tax paid to another state based on net income. The credit must be claimed in a manner prescribed by the commissioner.

(b) The amount of the credit equals the amount of qualifying tax paid to the other state for the taxable year, multiplied by the taxpayer's apportionment percentage under section 290.191. If the item of income or gain is assigned to Minnesota as nonbusiness income, the entire amount of the qualifying tax is allowed as a credit. The maximum amount of the credit is limited to the tax liability under subdivision 1 for the taxable year and, in no case, may the credit exceed the reduction in the amount of tax under subdivision 1 if the item of income or gain were excluded from net income.

(c) For purposes of this subdivision, "qualifying tax" means the amount of tax paid to another state on an item of income or gain for the taxable year, if:

(1) the law of another state requires and the taxpayer assigns the entire amount of the income or gain to one other state; and

(2) the income or gain is included in the measure of the exercise of the corporate franchise that is taxable under subdivision 1.

(d) The amount of tax paid to another state on an item of income or gain is the difference between the tax paid to the state and the amount of tax that would have been paid to the state if the item of income or gain had not been included in the net income of that state.

(e) The taxpayer must report to the commissioner of revenue any change in tax in the other state, the change in qualifying tax, and a copy of the final determination of the tax by the taxing authority of the other state. A taxpayer who claims the credit consents to extend the period of limitation for the commissioner to recompute the credit and reassess the tax due, including a refund, for a period of one year following a report by the taxpayer of a final determination of tax by the state in which the entire amount of income or gain is reported, notwithstanding any period of limitations to the contrary, or within any applicable period of limitations, whichever is longer. If a taxpayer fails to report as required by this paragraph, the commissioner may recompute the tax, including a refund, based on the information available to the commissioner. The tax may be recomputed within six years after the report should have been filed, notwithstanding any period of limitations to the contrary.

Subd. 28.

Credit for transit passes.

A taxpayer may take a credit against the tax due under this chapter equal to 30 percent of the expense incurred by the taxpayer to provide transit passes, for use in Minnesota, to employees of the taxpayer. As used in this subdivision, "transit pass" has the meaning given in section 132(f)(5)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code. If the taxpayer purchases the transit passes from the transit system operator, and resells them to the employees, the credit is based on the amount of the difference between the price paid for the passes by the employer and the amount charged to employees.

Subd. 29.

Job opportunity building zone job credit.

A taxpayer that is a qualified business, as defined in section 469.310, subdivision 11, is allowed a credit as determined under section 469.318 against the tax imposed by this chapter.

Subd. 33.

Bovine testing credit.

(a) An owner of cattle in Minnesota may take a credit against the tax due under this chapter for an amount equal to: (1) for corporate filers, including shareholders of an S corporation under section 290.9725, 25 percent of the expenses incurred during the taxable year to conduct tuberculosis testing on those cattle; and (2) for all other filers, one-half the expenses incurred during the taxable year to conduct tuberculosis testing on those cattle.

(b) If the amount of credit which the taxpayer is eligible to receive under this subdivision exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner of revenue shall refund the excess to the taxpayer.

(c) The amount necessary to pay claims for the refund provided in this subdivision is appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of revenue.

(d) Expenses incurred in a calendar year in which tuberculosis testing of cattle in Minnesota is not federally required are not allowed in claiming the credit under paragraph (a).

Subd. 35.

Seed capital investment credit.

(a) An individual, estate, or trust is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter for investments in a qualifying business certified under section 116J.8732, subdivision 3. The credit equals 45 percent of the amount invested by the taxpayer in qualified businesses during the taxable year. The credit must not exceed $112,500 for each taxable year.

(b) A pass-through entity that invests in a qualified business must be considered to be the taxpayer for purposes of the investment limitations in this subdivision and the amount of the credit allowed with respect to a pass-through entity's investment in a qualified business must be determined at the pass-through entity level. The amount of the total credit determined at the pass-through entity level must be allowed to the members in proportion to their respective interests in the pass-through entity.

(c) An investment made in a qualified business from the assets of a retirement plan is deemed to be the retirement plan participant's investment for the purpose of this subdivision if a separate account is maintained for the plan participant and the participant directly controls where the account assets are invested.

(d) The investment must be made on or after the certification effective date and must be at risk in the business to be eligible for the tax credit under this subdivision. An investment for which a credit is received under this subdivision must remain in the qualified business for at least three years. Investments placed in escrow do not qualify for the credit.

(e) The entire amount of an investment for which a credit is claimed under this subdivision must be expended by the qualified business for plant, equipment, research and development, marketing and sales activity, or working capital for the qualified business.

(f) A taxpayer who owns a controlling interest in the qualified business or who receives more than 50 percent of the taxpayer's gross annual income from the qualified business is not entitled to a credit under this subdivision. A member of the immediate family of a taxpayer disqualified by this subdivision is not entitled to the credit under this subdivision. For purposes of this subdivision, "immediate family" means the taxpayer's spouse, parent, sibling, or child or the spouse of any such person.

(g) The commissioner may disallow any credit otherwise allowed under this subdivision if any representation by a business in the application for certification as a qualified business proves to be false or if the taxpayer or qualified business fails to satisfy any conditions under this subdivision or section 116J.8732 or any conditions consistent with those requirements otherwise determined by the commissioner. The commissioner has four years after the due date of the return or after the return was filed, whichever period expires later, to audit the credit and assess additional tax that may be found due to failure to comply with the provisions of this subdivision and section 116J.8732. The amount of any credit disallowed by the commissioner that reduced the taxpayer's income tax liability for any or all applicable tax years, plus penalty and interest as provided under chapter 289A, must be paid by the taxpayer.

(h) If the amount of the credit under this subdivision for any taxable year exceeds the limitations under paragraph (a), the excess is a credit carryover to each of the four succeeding taxable years. The entire amount of the excess unused credit for the taxable year must be carried first to the earliest of the taxable years to which the credit may be carried. The amount of the unused credit that may be added under this paragraph may not exceed the taxpayer's liability for tax, less the credit for the taxable year. Each year, the aggregate amount of seed capital investment tax credit allowed for investments under this subdivision is limited to allocations that a border city has available for tax reductions in border city enterprise zones under section 469.169. The city must annually notify the commissioner of the amount of its section 469.169 allocations that it wishes to use to provide credits under this paragraph and the commissioner, after verifying the available allocation, shall implement the limit under this paragraph. If investments in qualified businesses reported to the commissioner exceed the limit on credits for investments imposed by this subdivision, the credit must be allowed to taxpayers in the chronological order of their investments in qualified businesses as determined from the forms filed under section 116J.8732.

Subd. 37.

Beginning farmer incentive credit.

(a) A beginning farmer incentive credit is allowed against the tax due under this chapter for the sale or rental of agricultural assets to a beginning farmer according to section 41B.0391, subdivision 2, and is limited to the amount stated on the certificate issued under section 41B.0391, subdivision 4.

(b) The credit may be claimed only after approval and certification by the Rural Finance Authority according to section 41B.0391.

(c) The credit is limited to the liability for tax, as computed under this chapter, for the taxable year. If the amount of the credit determined under this subdivision for any taxable year exceeds this limitation, the excess is a beginning farmer incentive credit carryover to each of the 15 succeeding taxable years. The entire amount of the excess unused credit for the taxable year is carried first to the earliest of the taxable years to which the credit may be carried and then to each successive year to which the credit may be carried. The amount of the unused credit which may be added under this paragraph must not exceed the taxpayer's liability for tax, less the beginning farmer incentive credit for the taxable year.

(d) Credits allowed to a partnership, a limited liability company taxed as a partnership, an S corporation, or multiple owners of property are passed through to the partners, members, shareholders, or owners, respectively, pro rata to each based on the partner's, member's, shareholder's, or owner's share of the entity's assets or as specially allocated in the organizational documents or any other executed agreement, as of the last day of the taxable year.

(e) For a nonresident or part-year resident, the credit under this section must be allocated using the percentage calculated in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(f) Notwithstanding the approval and certification by the Rural Finance Authority under section 41B.0391, the commissioner may utilize any audit and examination powers under chapter 270C or 289A to the extent necessary to verify that the taxpayer is eligible for the credit and to assess for the amount of any improperly claimed credit.

(g) This subdivision expires at the same time and on the same terms as section 41B.0391, except that the expiration of this subdivision does not affect the commissioner of revenue's authority to audit or power of examination and assessment for credits claimed under this subdivision.

Subd. 38.

Beginning farmer management credit.

(a) A taxpayer who is a beginning farmer may take a credit against the tax due under this chapter for participation in a financial management program according to section 41B.0391, subdivision 3.

(b) The credit may be claimed only after approval and certification by the Rural Finance Authority according to section 41B.0391.

(c) The credit is limited to the liability for tax, as computed under this chapter, for the taxable year. If the amount of the credit determined under this subdivision for any taxable year exceeds this limitation, the excess is a beginning farmer management credit carryover to each of the three succeeding taxable years. The entire amount of the excess unused credit for the taxable year is carried first to the earliest of the taxable years to which the credit may be carried and then to each successive year to which the credit may be carried. The amount of the unused credit which may be added under this paragraph must not exceed the taxpayer's liability for tax, less the beginning farmer management credit for the taxable year.

(d) For a part-year resident, the credit under this section must be allocated using the percentage calculated in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(e) Notwithstanding the approval and certification by the Rural Finance Authority under section 41B.0391, the commissioner may utilize any audit and examination powers under chapter 270C or 289A to the extent necessary to verify that the taxpayer is eligible for the credit and to assess for the amount of any improperly claimed credit.

(f) This subdivision expires at the same time and on the same terms as section 41B.0391, except that the expiration of this subdivision does not affect the commissioner of revenue's authority to audit or power of examination and assessment for credits claimed under this subdivision.

290.067 DEPENDENT CARE CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Amount of credit.

(a) A taxpayer may take as a credit against the tax due from the taxpayer and a spouse, if any, under this chapter an amount equal to the dependent care credit for which the taxpayer is eligible pursuant to the provisions of section 21 of the Internal Revenue Code except that in determining whether the child qualified as a dependent, income received as a Minnesota family investment program grant or allowance to or on behalf of the child must not be taken into account in determining whether the child received more than half of the child's support from the taxpayer.

(b) If a child who has not attained the age of six years at the close of the taxable year is cared for at a licensed family day care home operated by the child's parent, the taxpayer is deemed to have paid employment-related expenses. If the child is 16 months old or younger at the close of the taxable year, the amount of expenses deemed to have been paid equals the maximum limit for one qualified individual under section 21(c) and (d) of the Internal Revenue Code. If the child is older than 16 months of age but has not attained the age of six years at the close of the taxable year, the amount of expenses deemed to have been paid equals the amount the licensee would charge for the care of a child of the same age for the same number of hours of care.

(c) If a married couple:

(1) has a child who has not attained the age of one year at the close of the taxable year;

(2) files a joint tax return for the taxable year; and

(3) does not participate in a dependent care assistance program as defined in section 129 of the Internal Revenue Code, in lieu of the actual employment related expenses paid for that child under paragraph (a) or the deemed amount under paragraph (b), the lesser of (i) the combined earned income of the couple or (ii) the amount of the maximum limit for one qualified individual under section 21(c) and (d) of the Internal Revenue Code will be deemed to be the employment related expense paid for that child. The earned income limitation of section 21(d) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply to this deemed amount. These deemed amounts apply regardless of whether any employment-related expenses have been paid.

(d) If the taxpayer is not required and does not file a federal individual income tax return for the tax year, no credit is allowed for any amount paid to any person unless:

(1) the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the person are included on the return claiming the credit; or

(2) if the person is an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, the name and address of the person are included on the return claiming the credit.

In the case of a failure to provide the information required under the preceding sentence, the preceding sentence does not apply if it is shown that the taxpayer exercised due diligence in attempting to provide the information required.

(e) In the case of a nonresident, part-year resident, or a person who has earned income not subject to tax under this chapter including earned income excluded pursuant to section 290.0132, subdivision 10, the credit determined under section 21 of the Internal Revenue Code must be allocated based on the ratio by which the earned income of the claimant and the claimant's spouse from Minnesota sources bears to the total earned income of the claimant and the claimant's spouse.

(f) For residents of Minnesota, the subtractions for military pay under section 290.0132, subdivisions 11 and 12, are not considered "earned income not subject to tax under this chapter."

(g) For residents of Minnesota, the exclusion of combat pay under section 112 of the Internal Revenue Code is not considered "earned income not subject to tax under this chapter."

(h) For taxpayers with federal adjusted gross income in excess of $52,230, the credit is equal to the lesser of the credit otherwise calculated under this subdivision, or the amount equal to $600 minus five percent of federal adjusted gross income in excess of $52,230 for taxpayers with one qualified individual, or $1,200 minus five percent of federal adjusted gross income in excess of $52,230 for taxpayers with two or more qualified individuals, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

Subd. 2b.

Inflation adjustment.

The commissioner shall annually adjust the dollar amount of the income threshold at which the maximum credit begins to be reduced under subdivision 1 as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019.

Subd. 3.

Credit to be refundable.

If the amount of credit which a claimant would be eligible to receive pursuant to this subdivision exceeds the claimant's tax liability under chapter 290, the excess amount of the credit shall be refunded to the claimant by the commissioner of revenue.

Subd. 4.

Right to file claim.

The right to file a claim under this section shall be personal to the claimant and shall not survive death, but such right may be exercised on behalf of a claimant by the claimant's legal guardian or attorney-in-fact. When a claimant dies after having filed a timely claim the amount thereof shall be disbursed to another member of the household as determined by the commissioner of revenue. If the claimant was the only member of a household, the claim may be paid to the claimant's personal representative, but if neither is appointed and qualified within two years of the filing of the claim, the amount of the claim shall escheat to the state.

290.0671 MINNESOTA WORKING FAMILY CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Credit allowed.

(a) An individual who is a resident of Minnesota is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter equal to a percentage of earned income. To receive a credit, a taxpayer must be eligible for a credit under section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code, except that:

(1) a taxpayer with no qualifying children who has attained the age of 19, but not attained age 65 before the close of the taxable year and is otherwise eligible for a credit under section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code may also receive a credit; and

(2) a taxpayer who is otherwise eligible for a credit under section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code remains eligible for the credit even if the taxpayer's earned income or adjusted gross income exceeds the income limitation under section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) For individuals with no qualifying children, the credit equals 3.9 percent of the first $7,150 of earned income. The credit is reduced by 2.0 percent of earned income or adjusted gross income, whichever is greater, in excess of the phaseout threshold, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(c) For individuals with one qualifying child, the credit equals 9.35 percent of the first $11,950 of earned income. The credit is reduced by 6.0 percent of earned income or adjusted gross income, whichever is greater, in excess of the phaseout threshold, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(d) For individuals with two qualifying children, the credit equals 11 percent of the first $19,600 of earned income. The credit is reduced by 10.5 percent of earned income or adjusted gross income, whichever is greater, in excess of the phaseout threshold, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(e) For individuals with three or more qualifying children, the credit equals 12.5 percent of the first $20,000 of earned income. The credit is reduced by 10.5 percent of earned income or adjusted gross income, whichever is greater, in excess of the phaseout threshold, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(f) For a part-year resident, the credit must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(g) For a person who was a resident for the entire tax year and has earned income not subject to tax under this chapter, including income excluded under section 290.0132, subdivision 10, the credit must be allocated based on the ratio of federal adjusted gross income reduced by the earned income not subject to tax under this chapter over federal adjusted gross income. For purposes of this paragraph, the following clauses are not considered "earned income not subject to tax under this chapter":

(1) the subtractions for military pay under section 290.0132, subdivisions 11 and 12;

(2) the exclusion of combat pay under section 112 of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(3) income derived from an Indian reservation by an enrolled member of the reservation while living on the reservation.

(h) For the purposes of this section, the phaseout threshold equals:

(1) $14,570 for married taxpayers filing joint returns with no qualifying children;

(2) $8,730 for all other taxpayers with no qualifying children;

(3) $28,610 for married taxpayers filing joint returns with one qualifying child;

(4) $22,770 for all other taxpayers with one qualifying child;

(5) $32,840 for married taxpayers filing joint returns with two qualifying children;

(6) $27,000 for all other taxpayers with two qualifying children;

(7) $33,140 for married taxpayers filing joint returns with three or more qualifying children; and

(8) $27,300 for all other taxpayers with three or more qualifying children.

(i) The commissioner shall construct tables showing the amount of the credit at various income levels and make them available to taxpayers. The tables shall follow the schedule contained in this subdivision, except that the commissioner may graduate the transition between income brackets.

Subd. 1a.

Definitions.

For purposes of this section, the terms "qualifying child," and "earned income," have the meanings given in section 32(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the term "adjusted gross income" has the meaning given in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code.

"Earned income of the lesser-earning spouse" has the meaning given in section 290.0675, subdivision 1, paragraph (d).

Subd. 2.

Credit name.

The credit allowed by this section shall be known as the "Minnesota working family credit."

Subd. 4.

Credit refundable.

If the amount of credit which the claimant is eligible to receive under this section exceeds the claimant's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the claimant.

Subd. 5.

Calculation assistance.

Upon request of the individual and submission of the necessary information, in the form prescribed by the commissioner, the Department of Revenue shall calculate the credit on behalf of the individual.

Subd. 6.

Appropriation.

An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

Subd. 7.

Inflation adjustment.

The commissioner shall annually adjust the earned income amounts used to calculate the credit and the phase-out thresholds in subdivision 1 as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019.

290.0672 LONG-TERM CARE INSURANCE CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(b) "Long-term care insurance" means a policy that:

(1) qualifies for a deduction under section 213 of the Internal Revenue Code, disregarding the adjusted gross income test; or meets the requirements given in section 62A.46; or provides similar coverage issued under the laws of another jurisdiction; and

(2) has a lifetime long-term care benefit limit of not less than $100,000; and

(3) has been offered in compliance with the inflation protection requirements of section 62S.23.

(c) "Qualified beneficiary" means the taxpayer or the taxpayer's spouse.

(d) "Premiums deducted in determining net income" means the lesser of (1) long-term care insurance premiums that qualify as deductions under section 213 of the Internal Revenue Code; and (2) the total amount deducted for medical care under section 290.0122, subdivision 6.

Subd. 2.

Credit.

A taxpayer is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter for long-term care insurance policy premiums paid during the tax year. The credit for each policy equals 25 percent of premiums paid to the extent not deducted in determining taxable net income. A taxpayer may claim a credit for only one policy for each qualified beneficiary. A maximum of $100 applies to each qualified beneficiary. The maximum total credit allowed per year is $200 for married couples filing joint returns and $100 for all other filers. For a nonresident or part-year resident, the credit determined under this section must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

290.0674 MINNESOTA EDUCATION CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Credit allowed; definitions.

An individual is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter in an amount equal to 75 percent of the amount paid for education-related expenses for a qualifying child in kindergarten through grade 12. For purposes of this section, "education-related expenses" means:

(1) fees or tuition for instruction by an instructor under section 120A.22, subdivision 10, clause (1), (2), (3), (4), or (5), or a member of the Minnesota Music Teachers Association, and who is not a lineal ancestor or sibling of the dependent for instruction outside the regular school day or school year, including tutoring, driver's education offered as part of school curriculum, regardless of whether it is taken from a public or private entity or summer camps, in grade or age appropriate curricula that supplement curricula and instruction available during the regular school year, that assists a dependent to improve knowledge of core curriculum areas or to expand knowledge and skills under the required academic standards under section 120B.021, subdivision 1, and the world languages standards under section 120B.022, subdivision 1, and that do not include the teaching of religious tenets, doctrines, or worship, the purpose of which is to instill such tenets, doctrines, or worship;

(2) expenses for textbooks, including books and other instructional materials and equipment purchased or leased for use in elementary and secondary schools in teaching only those subjects legally and commonly taught in public elementary and secondary schools in this state. "Textbooks" does not include instructional books and materials used in the teaching of religious tenets, doctrines, or worship, the purpose of which is to instill such tenets, doctrines, or worship, nor does it include books or materials for extracurricular activities including sporting events, musical or dramatic events, speech activities, driver's education, or similar programs;

(3) a maximum expense of $200 per family for personal computer hardware, excluding single purpose processors, and educational software that assists a dependent to improve knowledge of core curriculum areas or to expand knowledge and skills under the required academic standards under section 120B.021, subdivision 1, and the elective standard under section 120B.022, subdivision 1, clause (2), purchased for use in the taxpayer's home and not used in a trade or business regardless of whether the computer is required by the dependent's school; and

(4) the amount paid to others for transportation of a qualifying child attending an elementary or secondary school situated in Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, or Wisconsin, wherein a resident of this state may legally fulfill the state's compulsory attendance laws, which is not operated for profit, and which adheres to the provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and chapter 363A. Amounts under this clause exclude any expense the taxpayer incurred in using the taxpayer's or the qualifying child's vehicle.

For purposes of this section, "qualifying child" has the meaning given in section 32(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 2.

Limitations.

(a) For claimants with income not greater than $33,500, the maximum credit allowed for a family is $1,000 multiplied by the number of qualifying children in kindergarten through grade 12 in the family. The maximum credit for families with one qualifying child in kindergarten through grade 12 is reduced by $1 for each $4 of household income over $33,500, and the maximum credit for families with two or more qualifying children in kindergarten through grade 12 is reduced by $2 for each $4 of household income over $33,500, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(b) In the case of a married claimant, a credit is not allowed unless a joint income tax return is filed.

(c) For a nonresident or part-year resident, the credit determined under subdivision 1 and the maximum credit amount in paragraph (a) must be allocated using the percentage calculated in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

Subd. 2a.

Income.

(a) For purposes of this section, "income" means the sum of the following:

(1) federal adjusted gross income as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(2) the sum of the following amounts to the extent not included in clause (1):

(i) all nontaxable income;

(ii) the amount of a passive activity loss that is not disallowed as a result of section 469, paragraph (i) or (m) of the Internal Revenue Code and the amount of passive activity loss carryover allowed under section 469(b) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(iii) an amount equal to the total of any discharge of qualified farm indebtedness of a solvent individual excluded from gross income under section 108(g) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(iv) cash public assistance and relief;

(v) any pension or annuity (including railroad retirement benefits, all payments received under the federal Social Security Act, Supplemental Security Income, and veterans benefits), which was not exclusively funded by the claimant or spouse, or which was funded exclusively by the claimant or spouse and which funding payments were excluded from federal adjusted gross income in the years when the payments were made;

(vi) interest received from the federal or a state government or any instrumentality or political subdivision thereof;

(vii) workers' compensation;

(viii) nontaxable strike benefits;

(ix) the gross amounts of payments received in the nature of disability income or sick pay as a result of accident, sickness, or other disability, whether funded through insurance or otherwise;

(x) a lump-sum distribution under section 402(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1995;

(xi) contributions made by the claimant to an individual retirement account, including a qualified voluntary employee contribution; simplified employee pension plan; self-employed retirement plan; cash or deferred arrangement plan under section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code; or deferred compensation plan under section 457 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(xii) nontaxable scholarship or fellowship grants;

(xiii) the amount of deduction allowed under section 199 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(xiv) the amount of deduction allowed under section 220 or 223 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(xv) the amount deducted for tuition expenses under section 222 of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(xvi) the amount deducted for certain expenses of elementary and secondary school teachers under section 62(a)(2)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code.

In the case of an individual who files an income tax return on a fiscal year basis, the term "federal adjusted gross income" means federal adjusted gross income reflected in the fiscal year ending in the next calendar year. Federal adjusted gross income may not be reduced by the amount of a net operating loss carryback or carryforward or a capital loss carryback or carryforward allowed for the year.

(b) "Income" does not include:

(1) amounts excluded pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code, sections 101(a) and 102;

(2) amounts of any pension or annuity that were exclusively funded by the claimant or spouse if the funding payments were not excluded from federal adjusted gross income in the years when the payments were made;

(3) surplus food or other relief in kind supplied by a governmental agency;

(4) relief granted under chapter 290A;

(5) child support payments received under a temporary or final decree of dissolution or legal separation; and

(6) restitution payments received by eligible individuals and excludable interest as defined in section 803 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, Public Law 107-16.

Subd. 4.

Credit to be refundable.

If the amount of credit that the claimant is eligible to receive under this section exceeds the claimant's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the claimant.

Subd. 5.

Appropriation.

An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

290.0675 MARRIAGE PENALTY CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section the following terms have the meanings given.

(b) "Earned income" means the sum of the following, to the extent included in Minnesota taxable income:

(1) earned income as defined in section 32(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) income received from a retirement pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or annuity plan; and

(3) Social Security benefits as defined in section 86(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Taxable income" means net income as defined in section 290.01, subdivision 19.

(d) "Earned income of lesser-earning spouse" means the earned income of the spouse with the lesser amount of earned income as defined in paragraph (b) for the taxable year minus one-half the amount of the standard deduction under section 290.0123, subdivision 1, clause (1).

Subd. 2.

Credit allowed.

A married couple filing a joint return is allowed a credit against the tax imposed under section 290.06.

Subd. 3.

Credit amount.

The credit amount is the difference between the tax on the couple's joint Minnesota taxable income under the rates and income levels in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (a), as adjusted for the taxable year by section 290.06, subdivision 2d, and the sum of the tax under the rates and income levels of section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (b), as adjusted for the taxable year by section 290.06, subdivision 2d, on the earned income of the lesser-earning spouse, and the tax under the rates and income levels of section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (b), as adjusted for the taxable year by section 290.06, subdivision 2d, on the couple's joint Minnesota taxable income, minus the earned income of the lesser-earning spouse.

The commissioner of revenue shall prepare and make available to taxpayers a comprehensive table showing the credit under this section at brackets of earnings of the lesser-earning spouse and joint taxable income. The brackets of earnings shall not be more than $2,000.

Subd. 4.

Nonresidents and part-year residents.

For a nonresident or part-year resident, the credit must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

290.0677 MILITARY SERVICE CREDITS.

Subdivision 1.

Credit allowed; current military service.

(a) An individual is allowed a credit against the tax due under this chapter equal to $59 for each month or portion thereof that the individual was in active military service in a designated area after September 11, 2001, and before January 1, 2009, while a Minnesota domiciliary.

(b) An individual is allowed a credit against the tax due under this chapter equal to $120 for each month or portion thereof that the individual was in active military service in a designated area after December 31, 2008, while a Minnesota domiciliary.

(c) For active service performed after September 11, 2001, and before December 31, 2006, the individual may claim the credit in the taxable year beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2007.

(d) For active service performed after December 31, 2006, the individual may claim the credit for the taxable year in which the active service was performed.

Subd. 1a.

Credit allowed; past military service.

(a) A qualified individual is allowed a credit against the tax imposed under this chapter for past military service. The credit equals $750. The credit allowed under this subdivision is reduced by ten percent of adjusted gross income in excess of $30,000, but in no case is the credit less than zero.

(b) For a nonresident or a part-year resident, the credit under this subdivision must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

Subd. 2.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(b) "Designated area" means a:

(1) combat zone designated by Executive Order from the President of the United States;

(2) qualified hazardous duty area, designated in Public Law; or

(3) location certified by the U. S. Department of Defense as eligible for combat zone tax benefits due to the location's direct support of military operations.

(c) "Active military service" means active duty service in any of the United States armed forces, the National Guard, or reserves.

(d) "Qualified individual" means an individual who has:

(1) met one of the following criteria:

(i) has served at least 20 years in the military;

(ii) has a service-connected disability rating of 100 percent for a total and permanent disability; or

(iii) has been determined by the military to be eligible for compensation from a pension or other retirement pay from the federal government for service in the military, as computed under United States Code, title 10, sections 1401 to 1414, 1447 to 1455, or 12733; and

(2) separated from military service before the end of the taxable year.

(e) "Adjusted gross income" has the meaning given in section 61 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 3.

Credit refundable.

If the amount of credit which the individual is eligible to receive under subdivision 1 exceeds the individual's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the individual.

Subd. 4.

Appropriation.

An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

290.0679 ASSIGNMENT OF REFUND.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) "Qualifying taxpayer" means a resident who has a child in kindergarten through grade 12 in the current tax year and who met the income requirements under section 290.0674, subdivision 2, for receiving the education credit in the tax year preceding the assignment of the taxpayer's refund.

(b) "Education credit" means the credit allowed under section 290.0674.

(c) "Refund" means an individual income tax refund.

(d) "Financial institution" means a state or federally chartered bank, savings bank, savings association, or credit union.

(e) "Qualifying organization" means a tax-exempt organization under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) "Assignee" means a financial institution or qualifying organization that is entitled to receive payment of a refund assigned under this section.

Subd. 2.

Conditions for assignment.

A qualifying taxpayer may assign all or part of an anticipated refund for the current and future taxable years to a financial institution or a qualifying organization. A financial institution or qualifying organization accepting assignment must pay the amount secured by the assignment to a third-party vendor. The commissioner of education shall, upon request from a third-party vendor, certify that the vendor's products and services qualify for the education credit. A denial of a certification is subject to the contested case procedure under chapter 14. A financial institution or qualifying organization that accepts assignments under this section must verify as part of the assignment documentation that the product or service to be provided by the third-party vendor has been certified by the commissioner of education as qualifying for the education credit. The amount assigned for the current and future taxable years may not exceed the maximum allowable education credit for the current taxable year. Both the taxpayer and spouse must consent to the assignment of a refund from a joint return.

Subd. 3.

Consent for disclosure.

When the taxpayer applies to the financial institution or the qualifying organization for a loan to be secured by the assignment under subdivision 2, the taxpayer must sign a written consent on a form prescribed by the commissioner. The consent must authorize the commissioner to disclose to the financial institution or qualifying organization the total amount of state taxes owed or revenue recapture claims filed under chapter 270A against the taxpayer, and the total amount of outstanding assignments made by the taxpayer under this section. For a refund from a joint return, the consent must also authorize the disclosure of taxes, revenue recapture claims, and assignments relating to the taxpayer's spouse, and must be signed by the spouse. The financial institution or qualifying organization may request that the taxpayer provide a copy of the taxpayer's previous year's income tax return, if any, and may assist the taxpayer in requesting a copy of the previous year's return from the commissioner.

Subd. 4.

Consumer disclosure.

(a) A third-party vendor that receives payment of the amount secured by an assignment must comply with the requirements of this subdivision.

(b) The third-party vendor must disclose to the taxpayer, in plain language:

(1) the cost of each product or service for which the third-party vendor separately charges the taxpayer;

(2) any fees charged to the taxpayer for tax preparation services; and

(3) for qualifying low-income taxpayers, information on the availability of free tax preparation services.

(c) The third-party vendor must provide to the taxpayer executed copies of any documents signed by the taxpayer.

Subd. 5.

Filing of assignment.

The commissioner shall prescribe the form of and manner for filing an assignment of a refund under this section.

Subd. 6.

Effect of assignment.

The taxpayer may not revoke an assignment after it has been filed. The assignee must notify the commissioner if the loan secured by the assignment has been paid in full, in which case the assignment is canceled. An assignment is in effect until the amount assigned is refunded in full to the assignee, or until the assignee cancels the assignment.

Subd. 7.

Payment of refund.

When a refund assigned under this section is issued by the commissioner, the proceeds of the refund, as defined in subdivision 1, paragraph (c), must be distributed in the following order:

(1) to satisfy any delinquent tax obligations of the taxpayer which are owed to the commissioner;

(2) to claimant agencies to satisfy any revenue recapture claims filed against the taxpayer, in the order of priority of the claims set forth in section 270A.10;

(3) to assignees to satisfy assignments under this section, based on the order in time in which the commissioner received the assignments; and

(4) to the taxpayer.

Subd. 8.

Legal action.

If there is a dispute between the taxpayer and the assignee after the commissioner has remitted the taxpayer's refund to the assignee, the taxpayer's only remedy is to bring an action against the assignee in court to recover the refund. The action must be brought within two years after the commissioner remits the refund to the assignee. The commissioner may not be a party to the proceeding.

Subd. 9.

Assignments private data.

Information regarding assignments under this section is classified as private data on individuals.

290.068 CREDIT FOR INCREASING RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

Subdivision 1.

Credit allowed.

A corporation, partners in a partnership, or shareholders in a corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725 are allowed a credit against the tax computed under this chapter for the taxable year equal to:

(a) ten percent of the first $2,000,000 of the excess (if any) of

(1) the qualified research expenses for the taxable year, over

(2) the base amount; and

(b) four percent on all of such excess expenses over $2,000,000.

Subd. 2.

Definitions.

For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(a) "Qualified research expenses" means (i) qualified research expenses and basic research payments as defined in section 41(b) and (e) of the Internal Revenue Code, except it does not include expenses incurred for qualified research or basic research conducted outside the state of Minnesota pursuant to section 41(d) and (e) of the Internal Revenue Code; and (ii) contributions to a nonprofit corporation established and operated pursuant to the provisions of chapter 317A for the purpose of promoting the establishment and expansion of business in this state, provided the contributions are invested by the nonprofit corporation for the purpose of providing funds for small, technologically innovative enterprises in Minnesota during the early stages of their development.

(b) "Qualified research" means qualified research as defined in section 41(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that the term does not include qualified research conducted outside the state of Minnesota.

(c) "Base amount" means base amount as defined in section 41(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that the average annual gross receipts and aggregate gross receipts must be calculated using Minnesota sales or receipts under section 290.191 and the definitions contained in paragraphs (a) and (b) shall apply.

(d) "Liability for tax" means the sum of the tax imposed under section 290.06, subdivisions 1 and 2c, for the taxable year reduced by the sum of the nonrefundable credits allowed under this chapter, on all of the entities required to be included on the combined report of the unitary business.

Subd. 3.

Limitation; carryover.

(a) The credit for a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2010, and after December 31, 2012, shall not exceed the liability for tax. If the amount of the credit allowed exceeds the liability for tax of the taxpayer, but is allowed as a result of the liability for tax of other members of the unitary group for the taxable year, the taxpayer must allocate the excess as a research credit to another member of the unitary group.

(b) In the case of a corporation which is a partner in a partnership, the credit allowed for the taxable year shall not exceed the lesser of the amount determined under paragraph (a) for the taxable year or an amount (separately computed with respect to the corporation's interest in the trade or business or entity) equal to the amount of tax attributable to that portion of taxable income which is allocable or apportionable to the corporation's interest in the trade or business or entity.

(c) If the amount of the credit determined under this section for any taxable year exceeds the limitation under paragraph (a) or (b), including amounts allocated to other members of the unitary group, the excess shall be a research credit carryover to each of the 15 succeeding taxable years. The entire amount of the excess unused credit for the taxable year shall be carried first to the earliest of the taxable years to which the credit may be carried and then to each successive year to which the credit may be carried. The amount of the unused credit which may be added under this clause shall not exceed the taxpayer's liability for tax less the research credit for the taxable year.

Subd. 4.

Partnerships and S corporations.

In the case of partnerships the credit shall be allocated in the same manner provided by section 41(f)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.

For shareholders in S corporations the credit must be allocated in the same manner as provided by section 1366(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 5.

Adjustments; acquisitions and dispositions.

If a taxpayer acquires or disposes of the major portion of a trade or business or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business in a transaction with another taxpayer, the taxpayer's qualified research expenses and base amount are adjusted in the same manner provided by section 41(f)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 6a.

Credit to be refundable.

If the amount of credit allowed in this section for qualified research expenses incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2009, and before January 1, 2013, exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess amount. The credit allowed for qualified research expenses incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2009, and before January 1, 2013, must be used before any research credit earned under subdivision 3.

Subd. 7.

Appropriation.

An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

290.0681 CREDIT FOR HISTORIC STRUCTURE REHABILITATION.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(b) "Account" means the historic credit administration account in the special revenue fund.

(c) "Office" means the State Historic Preservation Office of the Department of Administration.

(d) "Project" means rehabilitation of a certified historic structure, as defined in section 47(c)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, that is located in Minnesota and is allowed a federal credit.

(e) "Federal credit" means the credit allowed under section 47(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that the amount allowed is deemed to be allocated in the taxable year that the project is placed in service.

(f) "Placed in service" has the meaning used in section 47 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) "Qualified rehabilitation expenditures" has the meaning given in section 47 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 2.

Credit or grant allowed; certified historic structure.

(a) A credit is allowed against the tax imposed under this chapter equal to not more than 100 percent of the credit allowed under section 47(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for a project. The credit is payable in five equal yearly installments beginning with the year the project is placed in service. To qualify for the credit:

(1) the project must receive Part 3 certification and be placed in service during the taxable year; and

(2) the taxpayer must be allowed the federal credit and be issued a credit certificate for the taxable year as provided in subdivision 4.

(b) The commissioner of administration may pay a grant in lieu of the credit. The grant equals 90 percent of the credit that would be allowed for the project. The grant is payable in five equal yearly installments beginning with the year the project is placed in service.

(c) In lieu of the credit under paragraph (a), an insurance company may claim a credit against the insurance premiums tax imposed under chapter 297I.

Subd. 3.

Applications; allocations.

(a) To qualify for a credit or grant under this section, the developer of a project must apply to the office before the rehabilitation begins. The application must contain the information and be in the form prescribed by the office. The office may collect a fee for application of up to 0.5 percent of qualified rehabilitation expenditures, up to $40,000, based on estimated qualified rehabilitation expenditures, to offset costs associated with personnel and administrative expenses related to administering the credit and preparing the economic impact report in subdivision 9. Application fees are deposited in the account. The application must indicate if the application is for a credit or a grant in lieu of the credit or a combination of the two and designate the taxpayer qualifying for the credit or the recipient of the grant.

(b) Upon approving an application for credit, the office shall issue allocation certificates that:

(1) verify eligibility for the credit or grant;

(2) state the amount of credit or grant anticipated with the project, with the credit amount equal to 100 percent and the grant amount equal to 90 percent of the federal credit anticipated in the application;

(3) state that the credit or grant allowed may increase or decrease if the federal credit the project receives at the time it is placed in service is different than the amount anticipated at the time the allocation certificate is issued; and

(4) state the fiscal year in which the credit or grant is allocated, and that the taxpayer or grant recipient is entitled to receive one-fifth of the total amount of either the credit or the grant at the time the project is placed in service, provided that date is within three calendar years following the issuance of the allocation certificate.

(c) The office, in consultation with the commissioner, shall determine if the project is eligible for a credit or a grant under this section and must notify the developer in writing of its determination. Eligibility for the credit is subject to review and audit by the commissioner.

(d) The federal credit recapture and repayment requirements under section 50 of the Internal Revenue Code do not apply to the credit allowed under this section.

(e) Any decision of the office under paragraph (c) may be challenged as a contested case under chapter 14. The contested case proceeding must be initiated within 45 days of the date of written notification by the office.

Subd. 4.

Credit certificates; grants.

(a)(1) The developer of a project for which the office has issued an allocation certificate must notify the office when the project is placed in service. Upon verifying that the project has been placed in service, and was allowed a federal credit, the office must issue a credit certificate to the taxpayer designated in the application or must issue a grant to the recipient designated in the application. The credit certificate must state the amount of the credit.

(2) The credit amount equals the federal credit allowed for the project.

(3) The grant amount equals 90 percent of the federal credit allowed for the project.

(b) The recipient of a credit certificate may assign the certificate to another taxpayer before the first one-fifth payment is claimed, which is then allowed the credit under this section or section 297I.20, subdivision 3. An assignment is not valid unless the assignee notifies the commissioner within 30 days of the date that the assignment is made. The commissioner shall prescribe the forms necessary for notifying the commissioner of the assignment of a credit certificate and for claiming a credit by assignment.

(c) Credits passed through to partners, members, shareholders, or owners pursuant to subdivision 5 are not an assignment of a credit certificate under this subdivision.

(d) A grant agreement between the office and the recipient of a grant may allow the grant to be issued to another individual or entity.

Subd. 5.

Partnerships; multiple owners.

Credits granted to a partnership, a limited liability company taxed as a partnership, S corporation, or multiple owners of property are passed through to the partners, members, shareholders, or owners, respectively, pro rata to each partner, member, shareholder, or owner based on their share of the entity's assets or as specially allocated in their organizational documents or any other executed agreement, as of the last day of the taxable year.

Subd. 6.

Credit refundable.

If the amount of credit that the taxpayer is eligible to receive under this section exceeds the liability for tax under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the taxpayer.

Subd. 7.

Appropriations.

(a) An amount sufficient to pay the refunds authorized under this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

(b) An amount sufficient to pay the grants authorized under this section is appropriated to the commissioner of administration from the general fund.

(c) Amounts in the account are appropriated to the commissioner of administration for costs associated with personnel and administrative expenses related to administering the credit for historic structure rehabilitation in this section, for refunding application fees under subdivision 3, and for costs associated with preparing the determination of economic impact report required in subdivision 9.

Subd. 8.

Manner of claiming.

(a) The commissioner shall prescribe the manner in which the credit may be issued or claimed. This may include allowing the credit only as a separately processed claim for refund.

(b) The office shall prescribe the manner in which grants are paid.

Subd. 9.

Report; determination of economic impact.

The commissioner of administration must annually determine the economic impact to the state from the rehabilitation of property for which credits or grants are provided under this section and provide a written report on the impact to the chairs and ranking minority members of the legislative committees on taxes of the senate and house of representatives, in compliance with sections 3.195 and 3.197.

Subd. 10.

Sunset.

This section expires after fiscal year 2022, except that the office's authority to issue credit certificates under subdivision 4 based on allocation certificates that were issued before fiscal year 2023 remains in effect through 2025, and the reporting requirements in subdivision 9 remain in effect through the year following the year in which all allocation certificates have either been canceled or resulted in issuance of credit certificates, or 2026, whichever is earlier.

290.0682 STUDENT LOAN CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(b) "Adjusted gross income" means federal adjusted gross income as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Earned income" has the meaning given in section 290.0675, subdivision 1, paragraph (b).

(d) "Eligible individual" means a resident individual with one or more qualified education loans related to an undergraduate or graduate degree program at a postsecondary educational institution.

(e) "Eligible loan payments" means the amount the eligible individual paid during the taxable year in principal and interest on qualified education loans.

(f) "Postsecondary educational institution" means a public or nonprofit postsecondary institution eligible for state student aid under section 136A.103 or, if the institution is not located in this state, a public or nonprofit postsecondary institution participating in the federal Pell Grant program under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, Public Law 89-329, as amended.

(g) "Qualified education loan" has the meaning given in section 221 of the Internal Revenue Code, but is limited to indebtedness incurred on behalf of the eligible individual.

Subd. 2.

Credit allowed.

(a) An eligible individual is allowed a credit against the tax due under this chapter.

(b) The credit for an eligible individual equals the least of:

(1) eligible loan payments minus ten percent of an amount equal to adjusted gross income in excess of $10,000, but in no case less than zero;

(2) the earned income for the taxable year of the eligible individual, if any;

(3) the sum of:

(i) the interest portion of eligible loan payments made during the taxable year; and

(ii) ten percent of the original loan amount of all qualified education loans of the eligible individual; or

(4) $500.

(c) For a part-year resident, the credit must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(d) In the case of a married couple, each spouse is eligible for the credit in this section. For the purposes of paragraph (b), for married taxpayers filing joint returns, each spouse's adjusted gross income equals the spouse's percentage share of the couple's earned income, multiplied by the couple's combined adjusted gross income.

290.0684 SECTION 529 PLAN CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given them.

(b) "Contribution" means the amount contributed to one or more qualified accounts except that the amount:

(1) is reduced by any withdrawals or distributions, other than transfers or rollovers to another qualified account, from a qualified account during the taxable year; and

(2) excludes the amount of any transfers or rollovers from a qualified account made during the taxable year.

(c) "Adjusted gross income" has the meaning given under section 62(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(d) "Qualified account" means an account qualifying under section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 2.

Credit allowed.

(a) An individual who is a resident of Minnesota is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter. The credit is not allowed to an individual who is eligible to be claimed as a dependent, as defined in sections 151 and 152 of the Internal Revenue Code. The credit may not exceed the liability for tax under this chapter.

(b) The amount of the credit allowed equals 50 percent of contributions for the taxable year. The maximum credit is $500, subject to the phaseout in paragraphs (c) and (d). In no case is the credit less than zero.

(c) For individual filers, the maximum credit is reduced by two percent of adjusted gross income in excess of $78,340.

(d) For married couples filing a joint return, the maximum credit is phased out as follows:

(1) for married couples with adjusted gross income in excess of $78,340, but not more than $141,010, the maximum credit is reduced by one percent of adjusted gross income in excess of $78,340 until the maximum credit amount equals $250; and

(2) for married couples with adjusted gross income in excess of $141,010, the maximum credit is $250, reduced by one percent of adjusted gross income in excess of $141,010.

(e) The commissioner shall annually adjust the income thresholds in paragraphs (c) and (d) as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019.

Subd. 3.

Allocation.

For a part-year resident, the credit must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

290.0685 CREDIT FOR PARENTS OF STILLBORN CHILDREN.

Subdivision 1.

Credit allowed.

(a) An individual is allowed a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter equal to $2,000 for each birth for which a certificate of birth resulting in stillbirth has been issued under section 144.2151. The credit under this section is allowed only in the taxable year in which the stillbirth occurred and if the child would have been a dependent of the taxpayer as defined in section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) For a nonresident or part-year resident, the credit must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

Subd. 2.

Credit refundable.

If the amount of credit that an individual is allowed under this section exceeds the individual's tax liability under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the individual.

Subd. 3.

Appropriation.

An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

290.0686 CREDIT FOR ATTAINING MASTER'S DEGREE IN TEACHER'S LICENSURE FIELD.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given them.

(b) "Master's degree program" means a graduate-level program at an accredited university leading to a master of arts or science degree in a core content area directly related to a qualified teacher's licensure field. The master's degree program may not include pedagogy or a pedagogy component. To be eligible under this credit, a licensed elementary school teacher must pursue and complete a master's degree program in a core content area in which the teacher provides direct classroom instruction.

(c) "Qualified teacher" means a person who:

(1) holds a teaching license issued by the licensing division in the Department of Education on behalf of the Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board both when the teacher begins the master's degree program and when the teacher completes the master's degree program;

(2) began a master's degree program after June 30, 2017; and

(3) completes the master's degree program during the taxable year.

(d) "Core content area" means the academic subject of reading, English or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, or geography.

Subd. 2.

Credit allowed.

(a) An individual who is a qualified teacher is allowed a credit against the tax imposed under this chapter. The credit equals the lesser of $2,500 or the amount the individual paid for tuition, fees, books, and instructional materials necessary to completing the master's degree program and for which the individual did not receive reimbursement from an employer or scholarship.

(b) For a nonresident or a part-year resident, the credit under this subdivision must be allocated based on the percentage calculated under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(c) A qualified teacher may claim the credit in this section only one time for each master's degree program completed in a core content area.

290.0692 SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT CREDIT.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

For purposes of this section, terms defined in section 116J.8737 have the meaning given in that section.

Subd. 2.

Credit allowed.

A qualified investor is allowed a credit against the tax imposed under this chapter for qualified investments made in a qualified small business for the taxable year. The credit equals the amount and applies to the taxable year indicated on the certificate provided to the qualified investor under section 116J.8737, but the maximum credit in any taxable year is $250,000 for a married couple filing a joint return, and $125,000 for all other claimants.

Subd. 3.

Proportional credits.

Each pass-through entity must provide each investor a statement indicating the investor's share of the credit amount certified to the pass-through entity based on its share of the pass-through entity's capital assets at the time of the qualified investment.

Subd. 4.

Credit refundable.

If the amount of the credit under this section for any taxable year exceeds the claimant's liability for tax under this chapter, the commissioner shall refund the excess to the claimant. An amount sufficient to pay the refunds required by this section is appropriated to the commissioner from the general fund.

Subd. 5.

Audit powers.

Notwithstanding the certification eligibility issued by the commissioner of employment and economic development under section 116J.8737, the commissioner may utilize any audit and examination powers under chapter 270C or 289A to the extent necessary to verify that the taxpayer is eligible for the credit and to assess for the amount of any improperly claimed credit.

Subd. 6.

Sunset.

This section expires at the same time and on the same terms as section 116J.8737, except that the expiration of this section does not affect the commissioner of revenue's authority to audit or power of examination and assessment for credits claimed under this section.

290.07 NET INCOME; COMPUTATION, ACCOUNTING PERIOD.

Subdivision 1.

Annual accounting period.

Net income and taxable net income shall be computed upon the basis of the taxpayer's annual accounting period. If a taxpayer has no annual accounting period, or has one other than a fiscal year, the net income and taxable net income shall be computed on the basis of the calendar year. Taxpayers shall employ the same accounting period on which they report, or would be required to report, their net income under the Internal Revenue Code. The commissioner shall provide by rule for the determination of the accounting period for taxpayers who file a combined report under section 290.17, subdivision 4, when members of the group use different accounting periods for federal income tax purposes.

Subd. 2.

Accounting methods.

Except as specifically provided to the contrary by this chapter, net income and taxable net income shall be computed in accordance with the method of accounting regularly employed in keeping the taxpayer's books. If no such accounting system has been regularly employed, or if that employed does not clearly or fairly reflect income or the income taxable under this chapter, the computation shall be made in accordance with such method as in the opinion of the commissioner does clearly and fairly reflect income and the income taxable under this chapter.

Subd. 4.

Refunded income.

If (a) an item was included in gross income for a prior taxable year (or years) because it appeared that the taxpayer had an unrestricted right to such item, and (b) a deduction is allowable for the taxable year because it was established after the close of such prior taxable year (or years) that the taxpayer did not have an unrestricted right to such item or to a portion of such item, and (c) the amount of such deduction exceeds $3,000, then the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year shall be the lesser of the following: (d) the tax for the taxable year computed with such deduction; or (e) an amount equal to (1) the tax for the taxable year computed without such deduction, minus (2) the decrease in tax under this chapter for the prior taxable year (or years) which would result solely from the exclusion of such item (or portion thereof) from gross income for such prior taxable year (or years).

If the decrease in tax ascertained under part (e)(2) of the preceding paragraph exceeds the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year (computed without the deduction) such excess shall be considered to be a payment of tax on the last day prescribed by law for the payment of tax for the taxable year, and shall be refunded or credited in the same manner as if it were an overpayment for such taxable year. The preceding paragraph does not apply to any deduction allowable with respect to an item which was included in gross income by reason of the sale or other disposition of stock in trade of the taxpayer (or other property of a kind which would properly have been included in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at the close of the prior taxable year) or property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business. This paragraph shall not apply if the deduction arises out of refunds or repayments made by a regulated public utility (as defined in section 7701(a)(33) of the Internal Revenue Code without regard to the limitation contained in the last two sentences thereof) if such refunds or repayments are required to be made by the government, political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality referred to in such section.

Subd. 7.

Deductions, credits; time for taking.

The deductions and credits provided for in this chapter shall be taken for a taxable year in which "paid or accrued" or "paid and incurred," dependent upon the method of accounting upon the basis of which the net income is computed, unless in order to clearly reflect the income the deductions or credits should be taken as of a different period.

The provisions of sections 461 to 468A of the Internal Revenue Code shall determine the taxable year for which a deduction or credit may be taken.

290.0802 SUBTRACTION FOR THE ELDERLY AND DISABLED.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(a) "Adjusted gross income" means federal adjusted gross income as used in section 22(d) of the Internal Revenue Code for the taxable year, plus a lump-sum distribution as defined in section 402(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and less any pension, annuity, or disability benefits included in federal gross income but not subject to state taxation other than the subtraction allowed under section 290.0132, subdivision 5.

(b) "Disability income" means disability income as defined in section 22(c)(2)(B)(iii) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Nontaxable retirement and disability benefits" means the amount of pension, annuity, or disability benefits that would be included in the reduction under section 22(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and pension, annuity, or disability benefits included in federal gross income but not subject to state taxation.

(d) "Qualified individual" means a qualified individual as defined in section 22(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 2.

Subtraction.

(a) A qualified individual is allowed a subtraction from federal adjusted gross income of the individual's subtraction base amount. The excess of the subtraction base amount over the taxable net income computed without regard to the subtraction for the elderly or a person with a disability under section 290.0132, subdivision 5, may be used to reduce the amount of a lump sum distribution subject to tax under section 290.032.

(b)(1) The initial subtraction base amount equals

(i) $12,000 for a married taxpayer filing a joint return if a spouse is a qualified individual,

(ii) $9,600 for a single taxpayer, and

(iii) $6,000 for a married taxpayer filing a separate federal return.

(2) The qualified individual's initial subtraction base amount, then, must be reduced by the sum of nontaxable retirement and disability benefits and one-half of the amount of adjusted gross income in excess of the following thresholds:

(i) $18,000 for a married taxpayer filing a joint return if both spouses are qualified individuals,

(ii) $14,500 for a single taxpayer or for a married couple filing a joint return if only one spouse is a qualified individual, and

(iii) $9,000 for a married taxpayer filing a separate federal return.

(3) In the case of a qualified individual who is under the age of 65, the maximum amount of the subtraction base may not exceed the taxpayer's disability income.

(4) The resulting amount is the subtraction base amount.

Subd. 3.

Restrictions; married couples.

Except in the case of spouses who live apart at all times during the taxable year, if the taxpayer is married at the close of the taxable year, the subtraction under subdivision 2 is allowable only if the taxpayers file joint federal and state income tax returns for the taxable year.

290.081 INCOME OF NONRESIDENTS, RECIPROCITY.

(a) The compensation received for the performance of personal or professional services within this state by an individual whose residence, place of abode, and place customarily returned to at least once a month is in another state, shall be excluded from gross income to the extent such compensation is subject to an income tax imposed by the state of residence; provided that such state allows a similar exclusion of compensation received by residents of Minnesota for services performed therein.

(b) When it is deemed to be in the best interests of the people of this state, the commissioner may determine that the provisions of paragraph (a) shall not apply. As long as the provisions of paragraph (a) apply between Minnesota and Wisconsin, the provisions of paragraph (a) shall apply to any individual who is domiciled in Wisconsin.

(c) For the purposes of paragraph (a), whenever the Wisconsin tax on Minnesota residents which would have been paid Wisconsin without paragraph (a) exceeds the Minnesota tax on Wisconsin residents which would have been paid Minnesota without paragraph (a), or vice versa, then the state with the net revenue loss calculated under paragraph (e) shall receive from the other state the amount of such loss.

(d) Payments for amounts calculated under paragraph (c) must equal one-quarter of the estimated annual amount and must be paid at the midpoint of each quarter, on February 15, May 15, August 15, and November 15.

(e)(1) The commissioner of revenue is authorized to enter into agreements with the state of Wisconsin specifying the reciprocity payment due dates, conditions constituting delinquency, interest rates, and a method for computing interest due.

(2) For agreements entered into before August 1, 2018, the annual compensation required under paragraph (c) must equal at least the net revenue loss minus up to $3,000,000 per fiscal year.

(3) For the purposes of this section, "net revenue loss" means the difference between the amount of Minnesota income taxes Minnesota forgoes by not taxing Wisconsin residents on income subject to reciprocity and the credit Minnesota would have been required to give under section 290.06, subdivision 22, to Minnesota residents working in Wisconsin had there not been reciprocity.

(4) All agreements must include provisions:

(i) providing for a suspension of the agreement if one party to the agreement does not pay in full by a time prescribed in the agreement;

(ii) setting the interest rate that will be applied, and that interest shall run from the date the payment is due until the day the payment is made, except that interest from the reconciliation payments runs from July 1 of the tax year until paid;

(iii) stating a time for annual reconciliation must be completed by October 31 of the year following the tax year, and the time for payment of any amounts to be completed by no later than December 1 of the year following the tax year;

(iv) requiring the parties to jointly conduct updated benchmark studies every five years beginning tax year 2018;

(v) requiring each party to the agreement to require taxpayers who request exemption from withholding in the state where they work to make an annual application and that a list of participants will be exchanged annually; and

(vi) that provide that the sum of the amount of the quarterly payments must be a reasonable estimate of the revenue loss as defined in clause (3).

(f) If an agreement cannot be reached as to the amount of the loss, the commissioner of revenue and the taxing official of the state of Wisconsin shall each appoint a member of a board of arbitration and these members shall appoint the third member of the board. The board shall select one of its members as chair. Such board may administer oaths, take testimony, subpoena witnesses, and require their attendance, require the production of books, papers and documents, and hold hearings at such places as are deemed necessary. The board shall then make a determination as to the amount to be paid the other state which determination shall be final and conclusive.

(g) The commissioner may furnish copies of returns, reports, or other information to the taxing official of the state of Wisconsin, a member of the board of arbitration, or a consultant under joint contract with the states of Minnesota and Wisconsin for the purpose of making a determination as to the amount to be paid the other state under the provisions of this section. Prior to the release of any information under the provisions of this section, the person to whom the information is to be released shall sign an agreement which provides that the person will protect the confidentiality of the returns and information revealed thereby to the extent that it is protected under the laws of the state of Minnesota.

290.091 ALTERNATIVE MINIMUM TAX ON PREFERENCE ITEMS.

Subdivision 1.

Imposition of tax.

In addition to all other taxes imposed by this chapter a tax is imposed on individuals, estates, and trusts equal to the excess (if any) of

(a) an amount equal to 6.75 percent of alternative minimum taxable income after subtracting the exemption amount, over

(b) the regular tax for the taxable year.

Subd. 2.

Definitions.

For purposes of the tax imposed by this section, the following terms have the meanings given.

(a) "Alternative minimum taxable income" means the sum of the following for the taxable year:

(1) the taxpayer's federal alternative minimum taxable income as defined in section 55(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) the taxpayer's itemized deductions allowed in computing federal alternative minimum taxable income, but excluding:

(i) the charitable contribution deduction under section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(ii) the medical expense deduction;

(iii) the casualty, theft, and disaster loss deduction; and

(iv) the impairment-related work expenses of a person with a disability;

(3) for depletion allowances computed under section 613A(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, with respect to each property (as defined in section 614 of the Internal Revenue Code), to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the excess of the deduction for depletion allowable under section 611 of the Internal Revenue Code for the taxable year over the adjusted basis of the property at the end of the taxable year (determined without regard to the depletion deduction for the taxable year);

(4) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount of the tax preference for intangible drilling cost under section 57(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code determined without regard to subparagraph (E);

(5) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount of interest income as provided by section 290.0131, subdivision 2;

(6) the amount of addition required by section 290.0131, subdivisions 9, 10, and 16;

(7) the deduction allowed under section 199A of the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent not included in the addition required under clause (6); and

(8) to the extent not included in federal alternative minimum taxable income, the amount of foreign-derived intangible income deducted under section 250 of the Internal Revenue Code;

less the sum of the amounts determined under the following:

(i) interest income as defined in section 290.0132, subdivision 2;

(ii) an overpayment of state income tax as provided by section 290.0132, subdivision 3, to the extent included in federal alternative minimum taxable income;

(iii) the amount of investment interest paid or accrued within the taxable year on indebtedness to the extent that the amount does not exceed net investment income, as defined in section 163(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code. Interest does not include amounts deducted in computing federal adjusted gross income;

(iv) amounts subtracted from federal taxable or adjusted gross income as provided by section 290.0132, subdivisions 7, 9 to 15, 17, 21, 24, and 26 to 29;

(v) the amount of the net operating loss allowed under section 290.095, subdivision 11, paragraph (c); and

(vi) the amount allowable as a Minnesota itemized deduction under section 290.0122, subdivision 7.

In the case of an estate or trust, alternative minimum taxable income must be computed as provided in section 59(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, except alternative minimum taxable income must be increased by the addition in section 290.0131, subdivision 16.

(b) "Investment interest" means investment interest as defined in section 163(d)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Net minimum tax" means the minimum tax imposed by this section.

(d) "Regular tax" means the tax that would be imposed under this chapter (without regard to this section and section 290.032), reduced by the sum of the nonrefundable credits allowed under this chapter.

(e) "Tentative minimum tax" equals 6.75 percent of alternative minimum taxable income after subtracting the exemption amount determined under subdivision 3.

Subd. 3.

Exemption amount.

(a) For purposes of computing the alternative minimum tax, the exemption amount is $77,590 for married couples filing joint returns, $38,800 for married individuals filing separate returns, estates, and trusts, and $58,190 for unmarried individuals.

(b) The exemption amount determined under this subdivision is subject to the phase out under section 55(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that alternative minimum taxable income as determined under this section must be substituted in the computation of the phase out, and section 55(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(c) The commissioner shall annually adjust the amounts in paragraph (a) as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019.

Subd. 4.

Part year residents; estates and trusts.

(a) An individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year must compute alternative minimum tax liability using a regular tax liability determined under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e), without regard to the provision for allocation to Minnesota. The resulting alternative minimum tax liability must be multiplied by the fraction defined in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e).

(b) In the case of an estate or trust, the alternative minimum tax liability must be computed by multiplying alternative minimum taxable income and the exemption amount by a fraction, the numerator of which is the amount of the taxpayer's alternative minimum taxable income allocated to this state pursuant to the provisions of sections 290.17 to 290.20, and the denominator of which is the taxpayer's total alternative minimum taxable income.

Subd. 5.

Tax benefit rule.

The tax benefit rule contained in section 59(g) of the Internal Revenue Code applies to the computation of the tax under this section only to the extent that it determines if there is an item of tax preference for purposes of subdivision 2, clause (a)(1).

Subd. 6.

Credit for prior years' liability.

(a) A credit is allowed against the tax imposed by this chapter on individuals, trusts, and estates equal to the minimum tax credit for the taxable year. The minimum tax credit equals the adjusted net minimum tax for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1988, reduced by the minimum tax credits allowed in a prior taxable year. The credit may not exceed the excess (if any) for the taxable year of

(1) the regular tax, over

(2) the greater of (i) the tentative alternative minimum tax, or (ii) zero.

(b) The adjusted net minimum tax for a taxable year equals the lesser of the net minimum tax or the excess (if any) of

(1) the tentative minimum tax, over

(2) 6.75 percent of the sum of

(i) adjusted gross income as defined in section 62 of the Internal Revenue Code,

(ii) interest income as defined in section 290.0131, subdivision 2,

(iii) interest on specified private activity bonds, as defined in section 57(a)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, to the extent not included under clause (ii),

(iv) depletion as defined in section 57(a)(1), determined without regard to the last sentence of paragraph (1), of the Internal Revenue Code, less

(v) the deductions allowed in computing alternative minimum taxable income provided in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (2) of the first series of clauses and clauses (1), (2), and (3) of the second series of clauses, and

(vi) the exemption amount determined under subdivision 3.

In the case of an individual who is not a Minnesota resident for the entire year, adjusted net minimum tax must be multiplied by the fraction defined in section 290.06, subdivision 2c, paragraph (e). In the case of a trust or estate, adjusted net minimum tax must be multiplied by the fraction defined under subdivision 4, paragraph (b).

290.0921 CORPORATE ALTERNATIVE MINIMUM TAX AFTER 1989.

Subdivision 1.

Tax imposed.

In addition to the taxes computed under this chapter without regard to this section, the franchise tax imposed on corporations includes a tax equal to the excess, if any, for the taxable year of:

(1) 5.8 percent of Minnesota alternative minimum taxable income; over

(2) the tax imposed under section 290.06, subdivision 1, without regard to this section.

Subd. 2.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given them.

(b) "Alternative minimum taxable net income" is alternative minimum taxable income,

(1) less the exemption amount, and

(2) apportioned or allocated to Minnesota under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20.

(c) The "exemption amount" is $40,000, reduced, but not below zero, by 25 percent of the excess of alternative minimum taxable income over $150,000.

(d) "Minnesota alternative minimum taxable income" is alternative minimum taxable net income, less the deductions for alternative tax net operating loss under subdivision 4; and dividends received under subdivision 6. The sum of the deductions under this paragraph may not exceed 90 percent of alternative minimum taxable net income. This limitation does not apply to:

(1) a deduction for dividends paid to or received from a corporation which is subject to tax under section 290.36 and which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code; or

(2) a deduction for dividends received from a property and casualty insurer as defined under section 60A.60, subdivision 8, which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code and either: (i) the dividend is eliminated in consolidation under Treasury Regulation 1.1502-14(a), as amended through December 31, 1989; or (ii) the dividend is deducted under an election under section 243(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(e) "Internal Revenue Code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 16, 2016.

Subd. 3.

Alternative minimum taxable income.

"Alternative minimum taxable income" is Minnesota net income as defined in section 290.01, subdivision 19, and includes the adjustments and tax preference items in sections 56, 57, 58, and 59(d), (e), (f), and (h) of the Internal Revenue Code. If a corporation files a separate company Minnesota tax return, the minimum tax must be computed on a separate company basis. If a corporation is part of a tax group filing a unitary return, the minimum tax must be computed on a unitary basis. The following adjustments must be made.

(1) The portion of the depreciation deduction allowed for federal income tax purposes under section 168(k) of the Internal Revenue Code that is required as an addition under section 290.0133, subdivision 11, is disallowed in determining alternative minimum taxable income.

(2) The subtraction for depreciation allowed under section 290.0134, subdivision 13, is allowed as a depreciation deduction in determining alternative minimum taxable income.

(3) The alternative tax net operating loss deduction under sections 56(a)(4) and 56(d) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(4) The special rule for certain dividends under section 56(g)(4)(C)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(5) The tax preference for depletion under section 57(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(6) The tax preference for tax exempt interest under section 57(a)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(7) The tax preference for charitable contributions of appreciated property under section 57(a)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(8) For purposes of calculating the adjustment for adjusted current earnings in section 56(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, the term "alternative minimum taxable income" as it is used in section 56(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, means alternative minimum taxable income as defined in this subdivision, determined without regard to the adjustment for adjusted current earnings in section 56(g) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(9) For purposes of determining the amount of adjusted current earnings under section 56(g)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, no adjustment shall be made under section 56(g)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to (i) the amount of foreign dividend gross-up subtracted as provided in section 290.0134, subdivision 2, or (ii) the amount of refunds of income, excise, or franchise taxes subtracted as provided in section 290.0134, subdivision 8.

(10) Alternative minimum taxable income excludes the income from operating in a job opportunity building zone as provided under section 469.317.

Items of tax preference must not be reduced below zero as a result of the modifications in this subdivision.

(11) The subtraction for disallowed section 280E expenses under section 290.0134, subdivision 19, is allowed as a deduction in determining alternative minimum taxable income.

Subd. 3a.

Exemptions.

The following entities are exempt from the tax imposed by this section:

(1) cooperatives taxable under subchapter T of the Internal Revenue Code or organized under chapter 308 or a similar law of another state;

(2) corporations subject to tax under section 297I.05, subdivisions 1 to 5;

(3) real estate investment trusts;

(4) regulated investment companies or a fund thereof;

(5) entities having a valid election in effect under section 860D(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(6) small corporations exempt from the federal alternative minimum tax under section 55(e) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 4.

Alternative tax net operating loss.

(a) An alternative tax net operating loss deduction is allowed from alternative minimum taxable net income equal to the net operating loss deduction allowable for the taxable year under section 290.095 with the following modifications:

(1) The amount of the net operating loss deduction must not exceed 90 percent of alternative minimum taxable net income.

(2) In determining the amount of the net operating loss deduction (i) the net operating loss under section 290.095 must be adjusted as provided in paragraph (b), and (ii) for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1989, section 290.095, subdivision 3, must be applied by substituting "90 percent of alternative minimum taxable net income" for "taxable net income."

(b) For a loss year beginning after December 31, 1989, the net operating loss for each year under section 290.095 must be (1) determined with the adjustments provided in sections 56 and 58 of the Internal Revenue Code, as modified by subdivision 3 and (2) reduced by the items of tax preference for the year determined under section 57 of the Internal Revenue Code, as modified by subdivision 3.

Subd. 6.

Dividends received.

(a) A deduction is allowed from alternative minimum taxable net income equal to the deduction for dividends received under section 290.21, subdivision 4, for purposes of calculating taxable income under section 290.01, subdivision 29.

(b) The amount of the deduction must not exceed 90 percent of alternative minimum taxable net income.

This limitation does not apply to:

(1) dividends paid to or received from a corporation which is subject to tax under section 290.36 and which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code; or

(2) dividends received from a property and casualty insurer as defined under section 60A.60, subdivision 8, which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code and either: (i) the dividend is eliminated in consolidation under Treasury Regulation 1.1502-14(a), as amended through December 31, 1989; or (ii) the dividend is deducted under an election under section 243(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 8.

Carryover credit.

(a) A corporation is allowed a credit against qualified regular tax for qualified alternative minimum tax previously paid. The credit is allowable only if the corporation has no tax liability under this section for the taxable year and if the corporation has an alternative minimum tax credit carryover from a previous year. The credit allowable in a taxable year equals the lesser of

(1) the excess of the qualified regular tax for the taxable year over the amount computed under subdivision 1, clause (1), for the taxable year or

(2) the carryover credit to the taxable year.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, the following terms have the meanings given.

(1) "Qualified alternative minimum tax" equals the amount determined under subdivision 1 for the taxable year.

(2) "Qualified regular tax" means the tax imposed under section 290.06, subdivision 1.

(c) The qualified alternative minimum tax for a taxable year is an alternative minimum tax credit carryover to each of the taxable years succeeding the taxable year. The entire amount of the credit must be carried to the earliest taxable year to which the amount may be carried. Any unused portion of the credit must be carried to the following taxable year. No credit may be carried to a taxable year in which alternative minimum tax was paid.

(d) An acquiring corporation may carry over this credit from a transferor or distributor corporation in a corporate acquisition. The provisions of section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code apply in determining the amount of the carryover, if any.

290.0922 MINIMUM FEE; CORPORATIONS; PARTNERSHIPS.

Subdivision 1.

Imposition.

(a) In addition to the tax imposed by this chapter without regard to this section, the franchise tax imposed on a corporation required to file under section 289A.08, subdivision 3, other than a corporation treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725 for the taxable year includes a tax equal to the following amounts:

If the sum of the corporation's Minnesota property, payrolls, and sales or receipts is: the tax equals:
less than $ 1,020,000 $ 0
$ 1,020,000 to $ 2,039,999 $ 210
$ 2,040,000 to $ 10,209,999 $ 610
$ 10,210,000 to $ 20,409,999 $ 2,040
$ 20,410,000 to $ 40,819,999 $ 4,090
$ 40,820,000 or more $ 10,210

(b) A tax is imposed for each taxable year on a corporation required to file a return under section 289A.12, subdivision 3, that is treated as an "S" corporation under section 290.9725 and on a partnership required to file a return under section 289A.12, subdivision 3, other than a partnership that derives over 80 percent of its income from farming. The tax imposed under this paragraph is due on or before the due date of the return for the taxpayer due under section 289A.18, subdivision 1. The commissioner shall prescribe the return to be used for payment of this tax. The tax under this paragraph is equal to the following amounts:

If the sum of the S corporation's or partnership's Minnesota property, payrolls, and sales or receipts is: the tax equals:
less than $ 1,020,000 $ 0
$ 1,020,000 to $ 2,039,999 $ 210
$ 2,040,000 to $ 10,209,999 $ 610
$ 10,210,000 to $ 20,409,999 $ 2,040
$ 20,410,000 to $ 40,819,999 $ 4,090
$ 40,820,000 or more $ 10,210

(c) The commissioner shall annually adjust the dollar amounts of both the tax and the property, payrolls, and sales or receipts thresholds in paragraphs (a) and (b) as provided in section 270C.22. The statutory year is taxable year 2019. The tax amounts as adjusted must be rounded to the nearest $10 amount and the threshold amounts must be adjusted to the nearest $10,000 amount. For tax amounts that end in $5, the amount is rounded up to the nearest $10 amount and for the threshold amounts that end in $5,000, the amount is rounded up to the nearest $10,000.

Subd. 2.

Exemptions.

The following entities are exempt from the tax imposed by this section:

(1) corporations exempt from tax under section 290.05;

(2) real estate investment trusts;

(3) regulated investment companies or a fund thereof;

(4) entities having a valid election in effect under section 860D(b) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(5) township mutual insurance companies;

(6) cooperatives organized under chapter 308A or 308B that provide housing exclusively to persons age 55 and over and are classified as homesteads under section 273.124, subdivision 3; and

(7) a qualified business as defined under section 469.310, subdivision 11, if for the taxable year all of its property is located in a job opportunity building zone designated under section 469.314 and all of its payroll is a job opportunity building zone payroll under section 469.310.

Entities not specifically exempted by this subdivision are subject to tax under this section, notwithstanding section 290.05.

Subd. 3.

Definitions.

(a) "Minnesota sales or receipts" means the total sales apportioned to Minnesota pursuant to section 290.191, subdivision 5, the total receipts attributed to Minnesota pursuant to section 290.191, subdivisions 6 to 8, and/or the total sales or receipts apportioned or attributed to Minnesota pursuant to any other apportionment formula applicable to the taxpayer.

(b) "Minnesota property" means total Minnesota tangible property as provided in section 290.191, subdivisions 9 to 11, any other tangible property located in Minnesota, but does not include the property of a qualified business as defined under section 469.310, subdivision 11, that is located in a job opportunity building zone designated under section 469.314. Intangible property shall not be included in Minnesota property for purposes of this section. Taxpayers who do not utilize tangible property to apportion income shall nevertheless include Minnesota property for purposes of this section. On a return for a short taxable year, the amount of Minnesota property owned, as determined under section 290.191, shall be included in Minnesota property based on a fraction in which the numerator is the number of days in the short taxable year and the denominator is 365.

(c) "Minnesota payrolls" means total Minnesota payrolls as provided in section 290.191, subdivision 12, but does not include the job opportunity building zone payroll under section 469.310, subdivision 8, of a qualified business as defined under section 469.310, subdivision 11. Taxpayers who do not utilize payrolls to apportion income shall nevertheless include Minnesota payrolls for purposes of this section.

Subd. 4.

Partner's pro rata share.

For the purposes of this section, a partner's pro rata share of a partnership's property, payroll, and sales or receipts is not included in the property, payroll, and sales or receipts of the partner.

290.093 TAX COMPUTATION FOR MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS CONDUCTING LIFE INSURANCE BUSINESS.

Mutual savings banks as defined in section 594 of the Internal Revenue Code are subject to a tax computed on the taxable income determined without regard to any items of gross income or deductions properly allocable to the business of the life insurance department, at the rates and in the manner for a corporation not engaged in the business of issuing life insurance contracts.

This section applies only if the life insurance department would, if it were treated as a separate corporation, qualify as a life insurance company under section 816 of the Internal Revenue Code.

290.095 OPERATING LOSS DEDUCTION.

Subdivision 1.

Allowance of deduction.

(a) There shall be allowed as a deduction for the taxable year the amount of any net operating loss deduction as provided in section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, subject to the limitations and modifications provided in this section.

(b) A net operating loss deduction shall be available under this section only to corporate taxpayers except that subdivisions 9 and 11 hereof apply only to individuals, estates, and trusts.

(c) In the case of a regulated investment company or fund thereof, as defined in section 851(a) or 851(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, the deduction provided by this section shall not be allowed.

Subd. 2.

Defined and limited.

(a) The term "net operating loss" as used in this section shall mean a net operating loss as defined in section 172(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, with the modifications specified in subdivision 4. The deductions provided in section 290.21 cannot be used in the determination of a net operating loss.

(b) The term "net operating loss deduction" as used in this section means the aggregate of the net operating loss carryovers to the taxable year, computed in accordance with subdivision 3. The provisions of section 172(b) of the Internal Revenue Code relating to the carryback of net operating losses, do not apply.

(c) The amount of net operating loss deduction under this section must not exceed 80 percent of taxable net income in a single taxable year.

Subd. 3.

Carryover.

(a) A net operating loss incurred during the taxable year shall be a net operating loss carryover to each of the 15 taxable years following the taxable year of such loss.

(b) The entire amount of the net operating loss for any taxable year shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which such loss may be carried. The portion of such loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of such loss over the sum of the taxable net income, adjusted by the modifications specified in subdivision 4, for each of the taxable years to which such loss may be carried.

(c) Where a corporation apportions its income under the provisions of section 290.191, the net operating loss deduction incurred in any taxable year shall be allowed to the extent of the apportionment ratio of the loss year.

(d) The provisions of sections 381, 382, and 384 of the Internal Revenue Code apply to carryovers in certain corporate acquisitions and special limitations on net operating loss carryovers. The limitation amount determined under section 382 shall be applied to net income, before apportionment, in each post change year to which a loss is carried.

Subd. 4.

Computation and modifications.

The following modifications shall be made in computing a net operating loss in any taxable year and also in computing the taxable net income for any taxable year before a net operating loss deduction shall be allowed:

(a) No deduction shall be allowed for or with respect to losses connected with income producing activities if the income therefrom would not be required to be either assignable to this state or included in computing the taxpayer's taxable net income.

(b) A net operating loss deduction shall not be allowed.

(c) The amount deductible on account of losses from sales or exchanges of capital assets shall not exceed the amount includable on account of gains from sales or exchanges of capital assets.

(d) Renegotiation of profits for a prior taxable year under the renegotiation laws of the United States of America, including renegotiation of the profits with a subcontractor, shall not enter into the computation.

(e) Federal income and excess profits taxes shall not be allowed as a deduction.

Subd. 5.

Return covering less than 12 months.

Wherever, under the provisions of this chapter, any taxpayer is required or permitted to make a return for a period of less than 12 months, such period shall be deemed a taxable year in the application of the provisions of this section.

Subd. 9.

Special period of limitation with respect to net operating loss carrybacks.

For the purposes of sections 289A.40 and 289A.50 if the claim for refund relates to an overpayment attributable to a net operating loss carryback under this section, in lieu of the period of limitation prescribed in section 289A.40, the period shall be that period which ends with the expiration of the 15th day of the 46th month following the end of the taxable year of the net operating loss which results in such carryback, plus any extension of time granted for filing the return, but only if the return was filed within the extended time.

Subd. 11.

Carryback or carryover adjustments.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (c), for individuals, estates, and trusts the amount of a net operating loss that may be carried back or carried over shall be the same dollar amount allowable in the determination of federal taxable income, provided that, notwithstanding any other provision, estates and trusts must apply the following adjustments to the amount of the net operating loss that may be carried back or carried over:

(1) Nonassignable income or losses as required by section 290.17.

(2) Deductions not allocable to Minnesota under section 290.17.

(b) The net operating loss carryback or carryover applied as a deduction in the taxable year to which the net operating loss is carried back or carried over shall be equal to the net operating loss carryback or carryover applied in the taxable year in arriving at federal taxable income provided that trusts and estates must apply the following modifications:

(1) Increase the amount of carryback or carryover applied in the taxable year by the amount of losses and interest, taxes and other expenses not assignable or allowable to Minnesota incurred in the taxable year.

(2) Decrease the amount of carryback or carryover applied in the taxable year by the amount of income not assignable to Minnesota earned in the taxable year. For estates and trusts, the net operating loss carryback or carryover to the next consecutive taxable year shall be the net operating loss carryback or carryover as calculated in clause (b) less the amount applied in the earlier taxable year(s). No additional net operating loss carryback or carryover shall be allowed to estates and trusts if the entire amount has been used to offset Minnesota income in a year earlier than was possible on the federal return. However, if a net operating loss carryback or carryover was allowed to offset federal income in a year earlier than was possible on the Minnesota return, an estate or trust shall still be allowed to offset Minnesota income but only if the loss was assignable to Minnesota in the year the loss occurred.

(c) This paragraph does not apply to eligible small businesses that make a valid election to carry back their losses for federal purposes under section 172(b)(1)(H) of the Internal Revenue Code as amended through March 31, 2009.

(1) A net operating loss of an individual, estate, or trust that is allowed under this subdivision and for which the taxpayer elects to carry back for more than two years under section 172(b)(1)(H) of the Internal Revenue Code is a net operating loss carryback to each of the two taxable years preceding the loss, and unused portions may be carried forward for 20 taxable years after the loss.

(2) The entire amount of the net operating loss for any taxable year must be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which may be carried to each of the other taxable years is the excess, if any, of the amount of the loss over the greater of the taxable net income or alternative minimum taxable income for each of the taxable years to which the loss may be carried.

290.10 NONDEDUCTIBLE ITEMS.

Subdivision 1.

Expenses, interest, and taxes.

In computing the net income of a taxpayer no deduction shall in any case be allowed for expenses, interest and taxes connected with or allocable against the production or receipt of all income not included in the measure of the tax imposed by this chapter, except that for corporations engaged in the business of mining or producing iron ore, the mining of which is subject to the occupation tax imposed by section 298.01, subdivision 4, this shall not prevent the deduction of expenses and other items to the extent that the expenses and other items are allowable under this chapter and are not deductible, capitalizable, retainable in basis, or taken into account by allowance or otherwise in computing the occupation tax and do not exceed the amounts taken for federal income tax purposes for that year. Occupation taxes imposed under chapter 298, royalty taxes imposed under chapter 299, or depletion expenses may not be deducted under this subdivision.

290.17 GROSS INCOME, ALLOCATION TO STATE.

Subdivision 1.

Scope of allocation rules.

(a) The income of resident individuals is not subject to allocation outside this state. The allocation rules apply to nonresident individuals, estates, trusts, nonresident partners of partnerships, nonresident shareholders of corporations treated as "S" corporations under section 290.9725, and all corporations not having such an election in effect. If a partnership or corporation would not otherwise be subject to the allocation rules, but conducts a trade or business that is part of a unitary business involving another legal entity that is subject to the allocation rules, the partnership or corporation is subject to the allocation rules.

(b) Expenses, losses, and other deductions (referred to collectively in this paragraph as "deductions") must be allocated along with the item or class of gross income to which they are definitely related for purposes of assignment under this section or apportionment under section 290.191, 290.20, or 290.36. Deductions definitely related to any item of gross income assigned under subdivision 2, paragraph (e), are assigned to the taxpayer's domicile.

(c) In the case of an individual who is a resident for only part of a taxable year, the individual's income, gains, losses, and deductions from the distributive share of a partnership, S corporation, trust, or estate are not subject to allocation outside this state to the extent of the distributive share multiplied by a ratio, the numerator of which is the number of days the individual was a resident of this state during the tax year of the partnership, S corporation, trust, or estate, and the denominator of which is the number of days in the taxable year of the partnership, S corporation, trust, or estate.

Subd. 2.

Income not derived from conduct of a trade or business.

The income of a taxpayer subject to the allocation rules that is not derived from the conduct of a trade or business must be assigned in accordance with paragraphs (a) to (f):

(a)(1) Subject to paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3), income from wages as defined in section 3401(a), (f), and (i) of the Internal Revenue Code is assigned to this state if, and to the extent that, the work of the employee is performed within it; all other income from such sources is treated as income from sources without this state.

Severance pay shall be considered income from labor or personal or professional services.

(2) In the case of an individual who is a nonresident of Minnesota and who is an athlete or entertainer, income from compensation for labor or personal services performed within this state shall be determined in the following manner:

(i) the amount of income to be assigned to Minnesota for an individual who is a nonresident salaried athletic team employee shall be determined by using a fraction in which the denominator contains the total number of days in which the individual is under a duty to perform for the employer, and the numerator is the total number of those days spent in Minnesota. For purposes of this paragraph, off-season training activities, unless conducted at the team's facilities as part of a team imposed program, are not included in the total number of duty days. Bonuses earned as a result of play during the regular season or for participation in championship, play-off, or all-star games must be allocated under the formula. Signing bonuses are not subject to allocation under the formula if they are not conditional on playing any games for the team, are payable separately from any other compensation, and are nonrefundable; and

(ii) the amount of income to be assigned to Minnesota for an individual who is a nonresident, and who is an athlete or entertainer not listed in item (i), for that person's athletic or entertainment performance in Minnesota shall be determined by assigning to this state all income from performances or athletic contests in this state.

(3) For purposes of this section, amounts received by a nonresident as "retirement income" as defined in section (b)(1) of the State Income Taxation of Pension Income Act, Public Law 104-95, are not considered income derived from carrying on a trade or business or from wages or other compensation for work an employee performed in Minnesota, and are not taxable under this chapter.

(b) Income or gains from tangible property located in this state that is not employed in the business of the recipient of the income or gains must be assigned to this state.

(c) Income or gains from intangible personal property not employed in the business of the recipient of the income or gains must be assigned to this state if the recipient of the income or gains is a resident of this state or is a resident trust or estate.

Gain on the sale of a partnership interest is allocable to this state in the ratio of the original cost of partnership tangible property in this state to the original cost of partnership tangible property everywhere, determined at the time of the sale. If more than 50 percent of the value of the partnership's assets consists of intangibles, gain or loss from the sale of the partnership interest is allocated to this state in accordance with the sales factor of the partnership for its first full tax period immediately preceding the tax period of the partnership during which the partnership interest was sold.

Gain on the sale of an interest in a single member limited liability company that is disregarded for federal income tax purposes is allocable to this state as if the single member limited liability company did not exist and the assets of the limited liability company are personally owned by the sole member.

Gain on the sale of goodwill or income from a covenant not to compete that is connected with a business operating all or partially in Minnesota is allocated to this state to the extent that the income from the business in the year preceding the year of sale was allocable to Minnesota under subdivision 3.

When an employer pays an employee for a covenant not to compete, the income allocated to this state is in the ratio of the employee's service in Minnesota in the calendar year preceding leaving the employment of the employer over the total services performed by the employee for the employer in that year.

(d) Income from winnings on a bet made by an individual while in Minnesota is assigned to this state. In this paragraph, "bet" has the meaning given in section 609.75, subdivision 2, as limited by section 609.75, subdivision 3, clauses (1), (2), and (3).

(e) All items of gross income not covered in paragraphs (a) to (d) and not part of the taxpayer's income from a trade or business shall be assigned to the taxpayer's domicile.

(f) For the purposes of this section, working as an employee shall not be considered to be conducting a trade or business.

Subd. 3.

Trade or business income; general rule.

All income of a trade or business is subject to apportionment except nonbusiness income. Income derived from carrying on a trade or business must be assigned to this state if the trade or business is conducted wholly within this state, assigned outside this state if conducted wholly without this state and apportioned between this state and other states and countries under this subdivision if conducted partly within and partly without this state. For purposes of determining whether a trade or business is carried on exclusively within or without this state:

(a) A trade or business physically located exclusively within this state is nevertheless carried on partly within and partly without this state if any of the principles set forth in section 290.191 for the allocation of sales or receipts within or without this state when applied to the taxpayer's situation result in the allocation of any sales or receipts without this state.

(b) A trade or business physically located exclusively without this state is nevertheless carried on partly within and partly without this state if any of the principles set forth in section 290.191 for the allocation of sales or receipts within or without this state when applied to the taxpayer's situation result in the allocation of any sales or receipts within this state. The jurisdiction to tax such a business under this chapter must be determined in accordance with sections 290.014 and 290.015.

Subd. 4.

Unitary business principle.

(a) If a trade or business conducted wholly within this state or partly within and partly without this state is part of a unitary business, the entire income of the unitary business is subject to apportionment pursuant to section 290.191. Notwithstanding subdivision 2, paragraph (c), none of the income of a unitary business is considered to be derived from any particular source and none may be allocated to a particular place except as provided by the applicable apportionment formula. The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to business income subject to subdivision 5, income of an insurance company, or income of an investment company determined under section 290.36.

(b) The term "unitary business" means business activities or operations which result in a flow of value between them. The term may be applied within a single legal entity or between multiple entities and without regard to whether each entity is a sole proprietorship, a corporation, a partnership or a trust.

(c) Unity is presumed whenever there is unity of ownership, operation, and use, evidenced by centralized management or executive force, centralized purchasing, advertising, accounting, or other controlled interaction, but the absence of these centralized activities will not necessarily evidence a nonunitary business. Unity is also presumed when business activities or operations are of mutual benefit, dependent upon or contributory to one another, either individually or as a group.

(d) Where a business operation conducted in Minnesota is owned by a business entity that carries on business activity outside the state different in kind from that conducted within this state, and the other business is conducted entirely outside the state, it is presumed that the two business operations are unitary in nature, interrelated, connected, and interdependent unless it can be shown to the contrary.

(e) Unity of ownership does not exist when two or more corporations are involved unless more than 50 percent of the voting stock of each corporation is directly or indirectly owned by a common owner or by common owners, either corporate or noncorporate, or by one or more of the member corporations of the group. For this purpose, the term "voting stock" shall include membership interests of mutual insurance holding companies formed under section 66A.40.

(f) The net income and apportionment factors under section 290.191 or 290.20 of foreign corporations and other foreign entities, but excluding a disqualified captive insurance company, which are part of a unitary business shall not be included in the net income or the apportionment factors of the unitary business; except that the income and apportionment factors of a foreign entity, other than an entity treated as a C corporation for federal income tax purposes, that are included in the federal taxable income, as defined in section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code as amended through the date named in section 290.01, subdivision 19, of a domestic corporation, domestic entity, or individual must be included in determining net income and the factors to be used in the apportionment of net income pursuant to section 290.191 or 290.20. A foreign corporation or other foreign entity which is not included on a combined report and which is required to file a return under this chapter shall file on a separate return basis.

(g) For purposes of determining the net income of a unitary business and the factors to be used in the apportionment of net income pursuant to section 290.191 or 290.20, there must be included only the income and apportionment factors of domestic corporations or other domestic entities that are determined to be part of the unitary business pursuant to this subdivision, notwithstanding that foreign corporations or other foreign entities might be included in the unitary business; except that the income and apportionment factors of a foreign entity, other than an entity treated as a C corporation for federal income tax purposes, that is included in the federal taxable income, as defined in section 63 of the Internal Revenue Code as amended through the date named in section 290.01, subdivision 19, of a domestic corporation, domestic entity, or individual must be included in determining net income and the factors to be used in the apportionment of net income pursuant to section 290.191 or 290.20.

(h) Each corporation or other entity, except a sole proprietorship, that is part of a unitary business must file combined reports as the commissioner determines. On the reports, all intercompany transactions between entities included pursuant to paragraph (g) must be eliminated and the entire net income of the unitary business determined in accordance with this subdivision is apportioned among the entities by using each entity's Minnesota factors for apportionment purposes in the numerators of the apportionment formula and the total factors for apportionment purposes of all entities included pursuant to paragraph (g) in the denominators of the apportionment formula. Except as otherwise provided by paragraph (f), all sales of the unitary business made within this state pursuant to section 290.191 or 290.20 must be included on the combined report of a corporation or other entity that is a member of the unitary business and is subject to the jurisdiction of this state to impose tax under this chapter.

(i) If a corporation has been divested from a unitary business and is included in a combined report for a fractional part of the common accounting period of the combined report:

(1) its income includable in the combined report is its income incurred for that part of the year determined by proration or separate accounting; and

(2) its sales, property, and payroll included in the apportionment formula must be prorated or accounted for separately.

(j) For purposes of this subdivision, "insurance company" means an insurance company, as defined in section 290.01, subdivision 5b, that is not a disqualified captive insurance company.

Subd. 5.

Special rule.

Notwithstanding subdivisions 3 and 4, all income from the operation of an athletic team when the visiting team does not share in the gate receipts is assigned to the state in which the team's operation is based.

Subd. 6.

Nonbusiness income.

Nonbusiness income is income of the trade or business that cannot be apportioned by this state because of the United States Constitution or the Constitution of the state of Minnesota and includes income that cannot constitutionally be apportioned to this state because it is derived from a capital transaction that solely serves an investment function. Nonbusiness income must be allocated under subdivision 2.

290.172 COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE.

The commissioner of revenue shall represent the state of Minnesota on the multistate tax commission. The commissioner may be represented on the commission by an alternate designated by the commissioner. The alternate shall be an employee of the Department of Revenue.

290.191 APPORTIONMENT OF NET INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

General rule.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in section 290.17, subdivision 5, the net income from a trade or business carried on partly within and partly without this state must be apportioned to this state as provided in this section.

(b) For purposes of this section, "state" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the United States or any foreign country.

Subd. 2.

Apportionment formula of general application.

(a) Except for those trades or businesses required to use a different formula under subdivision 3 or section 290.36, and for those trades or businesses that receive permission to use some other method under section 290.20 or under subdivision 4, a trade or business required to apportion its net income must apportion its income to this state on the basis of the percentage obtained by taking the sum of:

(1) the percent for the sales factor under paragraph (b) of the percentage which the sales made within this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period are of the total sales wherever made in connection with the trade or business during the tax period;

(2) the percent for the property factor under paragraph (b) of the percentage which the total tangible property used by the taxpayer in this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period is of the total tangible property, wherever located, used by the taxpayer in connection with the trade or business during the tax period; and

(3) the percent for the payroll factor under paragraph (b) of the percentage which the taxpayer's total payrolls paid or incurred in this state or paid in respect to labor performed in this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period are of the taxpayer's total payrolls paid or incurred in connection with the trade or business during the tax period.

(b) For purposes of paragraph (a) and subdivision 3, the following percentages apply for the taxable years specified:

Taxable years beginning during calendar year Sales factor percent Property factor percent Payroll factorpercent
2007 78 11 11
2008 81 9.5 9.5
2009 84 8 8
2010 87 6.5 6.5
2011 90 5 5
2012 93 3.5 3.5
2013 96 2 2
2014 and later calendar years 100 0 0

Subd. 3.

Apportionment formula for financial institutions.

Except for an investment company required to apportion its income under section 290.36, a financial institution that is required to apportion its net income must apportion its net income to this state on the basis of the percentage obtained by taking the sum of:

(1) the percent for the sales factor under subdivision 2, paragraph (b), of the percentage which the receipts from within this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period are of the total receipts in connection with the trade or business during the tax period, from wherever derived;

(2) the percent for the property factor under subdivision 2, paragraph (b), of the percentage which the sum of the total tangible property used by the taxpayer in this state and the intangible property owned by the taxpayer and attributed to this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period is of the sum of the total tangible property, wherever located, used by the taxpayer and the intangible property owned by the taxpayer and attributed to all states in connection with the trade or business during the tax period; and

(3) the percent for the payroll factor under subdivision 2, paragraph (b), of the percentage which the taxpayer's total payrolls paid or incurred in this state or paid in respect to labor performed in this state in connection with the trade or business during the tax period are of the taxpayer's total payrolls paid or incurred in connection with the trade or business during the tax period.

Subd. 5.

Determination of sales factor.

For purposes of this section, the following rules apply in determining the sales factor.

(a) The sales factor includes all sales, gross earnings, or receipts received in the ordinary course of the business, except that the following types of income are not included in the sales factor:

(1) interest;

(2) dividends;

(3) sales of capital assets as defined in section 1221 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(4) sales of property used in the trade or business, except sales of leased property of a type which is regularly sold as well as leased; and

(5) sales of debt instruments as defined in section 1275(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code or sales of stock.

(b) Sales of tangible personal property are made within this state if the property is received by a purchaser at a point within this state, regardless of the f.o.b. point, other conditions of the sale, or the ultimate destination of the property.

(c) Tangible personal property delivered to a common or contract carrier or foreign vessel for delivery to a purchaser in another state or nation is a sale in that state or nation, regardless of f.o.b. point or other conditions of the sale.

(d) Notwithstanding paragraphs (b) and (c), when intoxicating liquor, wine, fermented malt beverages, cigarettes, or tobacco products are sold to a purchaser who is licensed by a state or political subdivision to resell this property only within the state of ultimate destination, the sale is made in that state.

(e) Sales made by or through a corporation that is qualified as a domestic international sales corporation under section 992 of the Internal Revenue Code are not considered to have been made within this state.

(f) Sales, rents, royalties, and other income in connection with real property is attributed to the state in which the property is located.

(g) Receipts from the lease or rental of tangible personal property, including finance leases and true leases, must be attributed to this state if the property is located in this state and to other states if the property is not located in this state. Receipts from the lease or rental of moving property including, but not limited to, motor vehicles, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels, or mobile equipment are included in the numerator of the receipts factor to the extent that the property is used in this state. The extent of the use of moving property is determined as follows:

(1) A motor vehicle is used wholly in the state in which it is registered.

(2) The extent that rolling stock is used in this state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the rolling stock by a fraction, the numerator of which is the miles traveled within this state by the leased or rented rolling stock and the denominator of which is the total miles traveled by the leased or rented rolling stock.

(3) The extent that an aircraft is used in this state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the aircraft by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of landings of the aircraft in this state and the denominator of which is the total number of landings of the aircraft.

(4) The extent that a vessel, mobile equipment, or other mobile property is used in the state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the property by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of days during the taxable year the property was in this state and the denominator of which is the total days in the taxable year.

(h) Royalties and other income received for the use of or for the privilege of using intangible property, including patents, know-how, formulas, designs, processes, patterns, copyrights, trade names, service names, franchises, licenses, contracts, customer lists, or similar items, must be attributed to the state in which the property is used by the purchaser. If the property is used in more than one state, the royalties or other income must be apportioned to this state pro rata according to the portion of use in this state. If the portion of use in this state cannot be determined, the royalties or other income must be excluded from both the numerator and the denominator. Intangible property is used in this state if the purchaser uses the intangible property or the rights therein in the regular course of its business operations in this state, regardless of the location of the purchaser's customers.

(i) Sales of intangible property are made within the state in which the property is used by the purchaser. If the property is used in more than one state, the sales must be apportioned to this state pro rata according to the portion of use in this state. If the portion of use in this state cannot be determined, the sale must be excluded from both the numerator and the denominator of the sales factor. Intangible property is used in this state if the purchaser used the intangible property in the regular course of its business operations in this state.

(j) Receipts from the performance of services must be attributed to the state where the services are received. For the purposes of this section, receipts from the performance of services provided to a corporation, partnership, or trust may only be attributed to a state where it has a fixed place of doing business. If the state where the services are received is not readily determinable or is a state where the corporation, partnership, or trust receiving the service does not have a fixed place of doing business, the services shall be deemed to be received at the location of the office of the customer from which the services were ordered in the regular course of the customer's trade or business. If the ordering office cannot be determined, the services shall be deemed to be received at the office of the customer to which the services are billed.

(k) For the purposes of this subdivision and subdivision 6, paragraph (l), receipts from management, distribution, or administrative services performed by a person or corporation for a fund of a person or corporation regulated under United States Code, title 15, chapter 2D, subchapter I, must be attributed to the state where the shareholder of the fund resides. Under this paragraph, receipts for services attributed to shareholders are determined on the basis of the ratio of: (1) the average of the outstanding shares in the fund owned by shareholders residing within Minnesota at the beginning and end of each year; and (2) the average of the total number of outstanding shares in the fund at the beginning and end of each year. Residence of the shareholder, in the case of an individual, is determined by the mailing address furnished by the shareholder to the fund. Residence of the shareholder, when the shares are held by an insurance company as a depositor for the insurance company policyholders, is the mailing address of the policyholders. In the case of an insurance company holding the shares as a depositor for the insurance company policyholders, if the mailing address of the policyholders cannot be determined by the taxpayer, the receipts must be excluded from both the numerator and denominator. Residence of other shareholders is the mailing address of the shareholder.

Subd. 6.

Determination of receipts factor for financial institutions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the rules in this subdivision and subdivisions 5, paragraph (k), and 8 apply in determining the receipts factor for financial institutions.

(b) "Receipts" for this purpose means gross income, including net taxable gain on disposition of assets, including securities and money market instruments, when derived from transactions and activities in the regular course of the taxpayer's trade or business.

(c) "Money market instruments" means federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell, commercial paper, banker's acceptances, and purchased certificates of deposit and similar instruments to the extent that the instruments are reflected as assets under generally accepted accounting principles.

(d) "Securities" means United States Treasury securities, obligations of United States government agencies and corporations, obligations of state and political subdivisions, corporate stock, bonds, and other securities, participations in securities backed by mortgages held by United States or state government agencies, loan-backed securities and similar investments to the extent the investments are reflected as assets under generally accepted accounting principles.

(e) Receipts from the lease or rental of real or tangible personal property, including both finance leases and true leases, must be attributed to this state if the property is located in this state. Receipts from the lease or rental of tangible personal property that is characteristically moving property, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels, or mobile equipment are included in the numerator of the receipts factor to the extent that the property is used in this state. The extent of the use of moving property is determined as follows:

(1) A motor vehicle is used wholly in the state in which it is registered.

(2) The extent that rolling stock is used in this state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the rolling stock by a fraction, the numerator of which is the miles traveled within this state by the leased or rented rolling stock and the denominator of which is the total miles traveled by the leased or rented rolling stock.

(3) The extent that an aircraft is used in this state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of the aircraft by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of landings of the aircraft in this state and the denominator of which is the total number of landings of the aircraft.

(4) The extent that a vessel, mobile equipment, or other mobile property is used in the state is determined by multiplying the receipts from the lease or rental of property by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of days during the taxable year the property was in this state and the denominator of which is the total days in the taxable year.

(f) Interest income and other receipts from assets in the nature of loans that are secured primarily by real estate or tangible personal property must be attributed to this state if the security property is located in this state under the principles stated in paragraph (e).

(g) Interest income and other receipts from consumer loans not secured by real or tangible personal property that are made to residents of this state, whether at a place of business, by traveling loan officer, by mail, by telephone or other electronic means, must be attributed to this state.

(h) Interest income and other receipts from commercial loans and installment obligations that are unsecured by real or tangible personal property or secured by intangible property must be attributed to this state if the proceeds of the loan are to be applied in this state. If it cannot be determined where the funds are to be applied, the income and receipts are attributed to the state in which the office of the borrower from which the application would be made in the regular course of business is located. If this cannot be determined, the transaction is disregarded in the apportionment formula.

(i) Interest income and other receipts from a participating financial institution's portion of participation and syndication loans must be attributed under paragraphs (e) to (h). A participation loan is an arrangement in which a lender makes a loan to a borrower and then sells, assigns, or otherwise transfers all or a part of the loan to a purchasing financial institution. A syndication loan is a loan transaction involving multiple financial institutions in which all the lenders are named as parties to the loan documentation, are known to the borrower, and have privity of contract with the borrower.

(j) Interest income and other receipts including service charges from financial institution credit card and travel and entertainment credit card receivables and credit card holders' fees must be attributed to the state to which the card charges and fees are regularly billed.

(k) Merchant discount income derived from financial institution credit card holder transactions with a merchant must be attributed to the state in which the merchant is located. In the case of merchants located within and outside the state, only receipts from merchant discounts attributable to sales made from locations within the state are attributed to this state. It is presumed, subject to rebuttal, that the location of a merchant is the address shown on the invoice submitted by the merchant to the taxpayer.

(l) Receipts from the performance of fiduciary and other services must be attributed to the state in which the services are received. For the purposes of this section, services provided to a corporation, partnership, or trust must be attributed to a state where it has a fixed place of doing business. If the state where the services are received is not readily determinable or is a state where the corporation, partnership, or trust does not have a fixed place of doing business, the services shall be deemed to be received at the location of the office of the customer from which the services were ordered in the regular course of the customer's trade or business. If the ordering office cannot be determined, the services shall be deemed to be received at the office of the customer to which the services are billed.

(m) Receipts from the issuance of travelers checks and money orders must be attributed to the state in which the checks and money orders are purchased.

(n) Receipts from investments of a financial institution in securities and from money market instruments must be apportioned to this state based on the ratio that total deposits from this state, its residents, including any business with an office or other place of business in this state, its political subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities bear to the total deposits from all states, their residents, their political subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities. In the case of an unregulated financial institution subject to this section, these receipts are apportioned to this state based on the ratio that its gross business income, excluding such receipts, earned from sources within this state bears to gross business income, excluding such receipts, earned from sources within all states. For purposes of this subdivision, deposits made by this state, its residents, its political subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities must be attributed to this state, whether or not the deposits are accepted or maintained by the taxpayer at locations within this state.

(o) A financial institution's interest in property described in section 290.015, subdivision 3, paragraph (b), is included in the receipts factor in the same manner as assets in the nature of securities or money market instruments are included in paragraph (n).

Subd. 8.

Deposit; definition.

(a) "Deposit," as used in subdivision 6, paragraph (n), has the meanings in this subdivision.

(b) "Deposit" means the unpaid balance of money or its equivalent received or held by a financial institution in the usual course of business and for which it has given or is obligated to give credit, either conditionally or unconditionally, to a commercial, checking, savings, time, or thrift account whether or not advance notice is required to withdraw the credited funds, or which is evidenced by its certificate of deposit, thrift certificate, investment certificate, or certificate of indebtedness, or other similar name, or a check or draft drawn against a deposit account and certified by the financial institution, or a letter of credit or a traveler's check on which the financial institution is primarily liable. However, without limiting the generality of the term "money or its equivalent," any such account or instrument must be regarded as evidencing the receipt of the equivalent of money when credited or issued in exchange for checks or drafts or for a promissory note upon which the person obtaining the credit or instrument is primarily or secondarily liable, or for a charge against a deposit account, or in settlement of checks, drafts, or other instruments forwarded to the bank for collection.

(c) "Deposit" means trust funds received or held by the financial institution, whether held in the trust department or held or deposited in any other department of the financial institution.

(d) "Deposit" means money received or held by a financial institution, or the credit given for money or its equivalent received or held by a financial institution, in the usual course of business for a special or specific purpose, regardless of the legal relationship so established. Under this paragraph, "deposit" includes, but is not limited to, escrow funds, funds held as security for an obligation due to the financial institution or others, including funds held as dealers reserves, or for securities loaned by the financial institution, funds deposited by a debtor to meet maturing obligations, funds deposited as advance payment on subscriptions to United States government securities, funds held for distribution or purchase of securities, funds held to meet its acceptances or letters of credit, and withheld taxes. It does not include funds received by the financial institution for immediate application to the reduction of an indebtedness to the receiving financial institution, or under condition that the receipt of the funds immediately reduces or extinguishes the indebtedness.

(e) "Deposit" means outstanding drafts, including advice or another such institution, cashier's checks, money orders, or other officer's checks issued in the usual course of business for any purpose, but not including those issued in payment for services, dividends, or purchases or other costs or expenses of the financial institution itself.

(f) "Deposit" means money or its equivalent held as a credit balance by a financial institution on behalf of its customer if the entity is engaged in soliciting and holding such balances in the regular course of its business.

(g) Interinstitution fund transfers are not deposits.

Subd. 9.

Determination of property factor; general rules.

For all taxpayers, the property factor includes tangible property, real, personal, and mixed, owned or rented, and used by the taxpayer in connection with the trade or business, as set forth in subdivision 10. For financial institutions only, the property factor also includes intangible property, as set forth in subdivision 11. For both tangible and intangible property, the property included in the property factor is the average of the total property used by the taxpayer in connection with its business during the tax period. Such averages must be on a commensurate basis for property within and without the state.

Subd. 10.

Property factor; tangible property.

(a) Tangible property includes land, buildings, machinery and equipment, inventories, and other tangible personal property actually used by the taxpayer during the taxable year in carrying on the business activities of the taxpayer. Tangible property which is separately allocated under section 290.17 is not includable in the property factor.

(b) Cash on hand or in banks, shares of stock, notes, bonds, accounts receivable, or other evidences of indebtedness, special privileges, franchises, and goodwill, are specifically excluded from the property factor, except as otherwise provided for financial institutions in subdivision 11.

(c) The value of tangible property that is owned by the taxpayer and that is to be used in the apportionment fraction is the original cost adjusted for any later capital additions or improvements and partial disposition by reason of sale, exchange, or abandonment.

(d) For purposes of computing the property factor, United States government property that is used by the taxpayer must be considered owned by the taxpayer.

(e) Property that is rented by the taxpayer is valued at eight times the net annual rental. Net annual rental is the annual rental paid by the taxpayer less any annual rental received by the taxpayer from subrentals. If the subrents taken into account in determining the net annual rental produce a negative or clearly inaccurate value for any item of property, another method that will properly reflect the value of rented property may be required by the commissioner or requested by the taxpayer. In no case, however, shall the value be less than an amount which bears the same ratio to the annual rental paid by the taxpayer for such property as the fair market value of that portion of the property used by the taxpayer bears to the total fair market value of the rented property. Rents paid during the year cannot be averaged.

(f) A person filing a combined report shall use this method of calculating the property factor for all members of the group.

Subd. 11.

Financial institutions; property factor.

(a) For financial institutions, the property factor includes, as well as tangible property, intangible property as set forth in this subdivision.

(b) Intangible personal property must be included at its tax basis for federal income tax purposes.

(c) Goodwill must not be included in the property factor.

(d) Coin and currency located in this state must be attributed to this state.

(e) Lease financing receivables must be attributed to this state if and to the extent that the property is located within this state.

(f) Assets in the nature of loans that are secured by real or tangible personal property must be attributed to this state if and to the extent that the security property is located within this state.

(g) Assets in the nature of consumer loans and installment obligations that are unsecured or secured by intangible property must be attributed to this state if the loan was made to a resident of this state.

(h) Assets in the nature of commercial loan and installment obligations that are unsecured by real or tangible personal property or secured by intangible property must be attributed to this state if the proceeds of the loan are to be applied in this state. If it cannot be determined where the funds are to be applied, the assets must be attributed to the state in which there is located the office of the borrower from which the application would be made in the regular course of business. If this cannot be determined, the transaction is disregarded in the apportionment formula.

(i) A participating financial institution's portion of participation and syndication loans must be attributed under paragraphs (e) to (h).

(j) Financial institution credit card and travel and entertainment credit card receivables must be attributed to the state to which the credit card charges and fees are regularly billed.

(k) Receivables arising from merchant discount income derived from financial institution credit card holder transactions with a merchant are attributed to the state in which the merchant is located. In the case of merchants located within and without the state, only receivables from merchant discounts attributable to sales made from locations within the state are attributed to this state. It is presumed, subject to rebuttal, that the location of a merchant is the address shown on the invoice submitted by the merchant to the taxpayer.

(l) Assets in the nature of securities and money market instruments are apportioned to this state based upon the ratio that total deposits from this state, its residents, its political subdivisions, agencies and instrumentalities bear to the total deposits from all states, their residents, their political subdivisions, agencies and instrumentalities. In the case of an unregulated financial institution, the assets are apportioned to this state based upon the ratio that its gross business income earned from sources within this state bears to gross business income earned from sources within all states. For purposes of this paragraph, deposits made by this state, its residents, its political subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities are attributed to this state, whether or not the deposits are accepted or maintained by the taxpayer at locations within this state.

(m) A financial institution's interest in any property described in section 290.015, subdivision 3, paragraph (b), is included in the property factor in the same manner as assets in the nature of securities or money market instruments are included under paragraph (1).

Subd. 12.

Determination of payroll factor.

(a) The payroll factor must be determined in the same way for all taxpayers.

(b) Wages or salaries must be determined to be paid or incurred in this state if the individual with respect to whom the wages or salaries are paid is either employed within this state or is actually engaged in work in the territorial confines of this state, or if working without this state, is identified with or accountable to an office within this state.

(c) The wages or salaries paid to officers and employees working from offices within this state are considered payroll within this state even though the officer's and employee's employment requires them to spend working time without this state. Officers and employees whose employment requires them to work without the state entirely and who are assigned to an office without the state, are not considered employees within the state for the purpose of apportionment even though their salaries are paid from the taxpayer's general offices within the state.

290.20 NET INCOME; ALLOCATION TO STATE.

Subdivision 1.

Statutory methods to determine; petition for use of other methods.

The methods prescribed by section 290.191 shall be presumed to determine fairly and correctly the taxpayer's taxable net income allocable to this state. If the methods prescribed by section 290.191 do not fairly reflect all or any part of taxable net income allocable to this state, the taxpayer may petition for or the commissioner may require the determination of net income by the use of another method, if that method fairly reflects net income. These other methods may include:

(1) separate accounting;

(2) excluding any one or more of the factors;

(3) including one or more additional factors; or

(4) some other method.

Subd. 1a.

Petition form.

A petition within the meaning of this section must be filed by the taxpayer in the form required by the commissioner.

Subd. 2.

Nonapplication of statutory methods.

The methods prescribed by subdivision 1 shall not be applicable wherever and insofar as the taxpayer's business consists of the mining, producing, smelting, refining, or any combination of these activities of copper and nickel ores.

290.21 DEDUCTIONS ALLOWED TO CORPORATIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Scope and application.

The following deductions shall be allowed only to corporations and shall be deductions from a corporation's taxable net income.

Subd. 4.

Dividends received from another corporation.

(a)(1) Eighty percent of dividends received by a corporation during the taxable year from another corporation, in which the recipient owns 20 percent or more of the stock, by vote and value, not including stock described in section 1504(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code when the corporate stock with respect to which dividends are paid does not constitute the stock in trade of the taxpayer or would not be included in the inventory of the taxpayer, or does not constitute property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business, or when the trade or business of the taxpayer does not consist principally of the holding of the stocks and the collection of the income and gains therefrom; and

(2)(i) the remaining 20 percent of dividends if the dividends received are the stock in an affiliated company transferred in an overall plan of reorganization and the dividend is eliminated in consolidation under Treasury Department Regulation 1.1502-14(a), as amended through December 31, 1989;

(ii) the remaining 20 percent of dividends if the dividends are received from a corporation which is subject to tax under section 290.36 and which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code and the dividend is eliminated in consolidation under Treasury Department Regulation 1.1502-14(a), as amended through December 31, 1989, or is deducted under an election under section 243(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; or

(iii) the remaining 20 percent of the dividends if the dividends are received from a property and casualty insurer as defined under section 60A.60, subdivision 8, which is a member of an affiliated group of corporations as defined by the Internal Revenue Code and either: (A) the dividend is eliminated in consolidation under Treasury Regulation 1.1502-14(a), as amended through December 31, 1989; or (B) the dividend is deducted under an election under section 243(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) Seventy percent of dividends received by a corporation during the taxable year from another corporation in which the recipient owns less than 20 percent of the stock, by vote or value, not including stock described in section 1504(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code when the corporate stock with respect to which dividends are paid does not constitute the stock in trade of the taxpayer, or does not constitute property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business, or when the trade or business of the taxpayer does not consist principally of the holding of the stocks and the collection of income and gain therefrom.

(c) The dividend deduction provided in this subdivision shall be allowed only with respect to dividends that are included in a corporation's Minnesota taxable net income for the taxable year.

The dividend deduction provided in this subdivision does not apply to a dividend from a corporation which, for the taxable year of the corporation in which the distribution is made or for the next preceding taxable year of the corporation, is a corporation exempt from tax under section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code.

The dividend deduction provided in this subdivision does not apply to a dividend received from a real estate investment trust as defined in section 856 of the Internal Revenue Code.

The dividend deduction provided in this subdivision applies to the amount of regulated investment company dividends only to the extent determined under section 854(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

The dividend deduction provided in this subdivision shall not be allowed with respect to any dividend for which a deduction is not allowed under the provisions of section 246(c) or 246A of the Internal Revenue Code.

(d) If dividends received by a corporation that does not have nexus with Minnesota under the provisions of Public Law 86-272 are included as income on the return of an affiliated corporation permitted or required to file a combined report under section 290.17, subdivision 4, or 290.34, subdivision 2, then for purposes of this subdivision the determination as to whether the trade or business of the corporation consists principally of the holding of stocks and the collection of income and gains therefrom shall be made with reference to the trade or business of the affiliated corporation having a nexus with Minnesota.

(e) The deduction provided by this subdivision does not apply if the dividends are paid by a FSC as defined in section 922 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) If one or more of the members of the unitary group whose income is included on the combined report received a dividend, the deduction under this subdivision for each member of the unitary business required to file a return under this chapter is the product of: (1) 100 percent of the dividends received by members of the group; (2) the percentage allowed pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b); and (3) the percentage of the taxpayer's business income apportionable to this state for the taxable year under section 290.191 or 290.20.

290.22 ESTATES AND TRUSTS, IMPOSITION OF TAX.

The taxes imposed by this chapter upon individuals shall apply to the income of estates or of any kind of property held in trust, including:

(1) income accumulated in trust for the benefit of unborn or unascertained person or persons with contingent interests, and income accumulated or held for future distribution under the terms of the will or trust;

(2) income which is to be distributed currently by the fiduciary to the beneficiaries, and income collected by a guardian of an infant which is to be held or distributed as the court may direct;

(3) income received by estates of deceased persons during the period of administration or settlement of the estate; and

(4) income which, in the discretion of the fiduciary, may be either distributed to the beneficiaries or accumulated.

290.26 EXEMPTION FOR INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT.

Subd. 6.

Individual retirement account; exemption.

Any individual retirement account that is exempt from taxation under the provisions of section 408 of the Internal Revenue Code shall also be exempt from taxation under the provisions of this chapter.

290.281 COMMON TRUST FUND.

Subdivision 1.

Not taxed; defined.

A common trust fund shall not be subject to taxation under this chapter and the definitions provided in and the provisions of section 584 of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply.

290.30 FIDUCIARIES, DUTY TO PAY TAX.

Upon notice to the commissioner that any person is acting in a fiduciary capacity, such fiduciary shall assume the powers, rights, duties, and privileges of the taxpayer in respect of a tax imposed by this chapter, except as otherwise specifically provided and except that the tax shall be collected from the estate of the taxpayer, until notice is given that the fiduciary capacity has terminated.

Upon notice to the commissioner that any person is acting in a fiduciary capacity for a person subject to the liability specified in section 270C.58, subdivision 1, the fiduciary shall assume, on behalf of such person, the powers, rights, duties, and privileges of such person under such section, except that the liability shall be collected from the estate of such person, until notice is given that the fiduciary capacity has terminated.

Notice under this section shall be given in accordance with rules prescribed by the commissioner.

290.31 PARTNERSHIPS; INDIVIDUAL LIABILITY OF PARTNERS.

Subdivision 1.

Partners, not partnership, subject to tax.

Except as provided under sections 289A.35, paragraph (b), and 289A.382, subdivision 3, a partnership as such shall not be subject to the income tax imposed by this chapter, but is subject to the tax imposed under section 290.0922. Persons carrying on business as partners shall be liable for income tax only in their separate or individual capacities.

Subd. 27.

Allocation of partnership income to state.

The taxable net income of the partnership shall be assigned to this state under sections 290.17 to 290.20.

290.311 PARTNERSHIP GROSS INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Partners.

(a) Partner's modifications. In determining gross income and Minnesota taxable income of a partner, any modification described in sections 290.0131 to 290.0135, which relates to an item of partnership income, gain, loss or deduction shall be made in accordance with the partner's distributive share, for federal income tax purposes, of the item to which the modification relates.

(b) Character of items. Each item of partnership income, gain, loss, or deduction shall have the same character for a partner under this section which it has for federal income tax purposes. Where an item is not characterized for federal income tax purposes, it shall have the same character for a partner as if realized directly from the source from which realized by the partnership, or incurred in the same manner as incurred by the partnership.

(c) Minnesota tax avoidance or evasion. Where a partner's distributive share of an item of partnership income, gain, loss or deduction is determined for federal income tax purposes by special provision in the partnership agreement with respect to such item, and where the effect of such provision is the avoidance or evasion of tax under this section, the partner's distributive share of such item, and any modifications required with respect thereto shall be determined as if the partnership agreement made no special provision with respect to such item.

290.32 TAXES FOR PART OF YEAR, COMPUTATION.

When under this chapter a taxpayer is permitted or required to make a return for a fractional part of a year, the tax shall be computed in the same manner as if such fractional part of a year were an entire year, except:

(1) A taxpayer who is permitted to change the basis for reporting income from a fiscal to a calendar year shall make a separate return for the period between the close of the taxpayer's last fiscal year and the following December 31st; if the change is from a calendar to a fiscal year, a separate return shall be made for the period between the close of the taxpayer's last calendar year and the date designated as the close of the fiscal year; and if the change is from one fiscal year to another fiscal year, a separate return shall be made for the period between the close of the former fiscal year and the date designated as the close of the new fiscal year. The taxable net income, or for corporations the taxable net income as reduced by the deductions contained in section 290.21, for any such period shall be put on an annual basis by multiplying the amount thereof by 12 and dividing by the number of months included in the period for which such separate return is made; and the tax shall be that part of a tax, computed on the taxable net income put on such annual basis which the number of months in such period bears to 12 months.

(2) Where any of the enumerated changes in accounting period referred to in clause (1) involve a 52-53 week fiscal year and any such change results in a short period of less than seven days, such short period shall be added to and deemed a part of the following taxable year. If the change results in a short period of seven or more days, but less than 359 days, the taxable net income, or for corporations the taxable net income as reduced by the deductions contained in section 290.21, for any such period shall be placed on an annual basis by multiplying such income by 365 and dividing the result by the same number of days in the short period; and the tax shall be that part of a tax, computed on the taxable net income placed on such annual basis which the number of days in such short period bears to 365 days. Where the short period is 359 days or more, the tax shall be computed in the same manner as if such short period were an entire year.

290.34 CORPORATIONS, SPECIAL PROVISIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Business conducted in such a way as to create losses or improper taxable net income.

When any corporation liable to taxation under this chapter conducts its business in such a manner as, directly or indirectly, to benefit its members or stockholders or any person or corporation interested in such business or to reduce the income attributable to this state by selling the commodities or services in which it deals at less than the fair price which might be obtained therefor, or buying such commodities or services at more than the fair price for which they might have been obtained, or when any corporation, a substantial portion of whose shares is owned directly or indirectly by another corporation, deals in the commodities or services of the latter corporation in such a manner as to create a loss or improper net income or to reduce the taxable net income attributable to this state, the commissioner of revenue may determine the amount of its income so as to reflect what would have been its reasonable taxable net income but for the arrangements causing the understatement of its taxable net income or the overstatement of its losses, having regard to the fair profits which, but for any agreement, arrangement, or understanding, might have been or could have been obtained from such business.

Subd. 2.

Affiliated or related corporations, combined report.

When a corporation which is required to file an income tax return is affiliated with or related to any other corporation through stock ownership by the same interests or as parent or subsidiary corporations, or has its income regulated through contract or other arrangement, the commissioner of revenue may permit or require such combined report as, in the commissioner's opinion, is necessary in order to determine the taxable net income of any one of the affiliated or related corporations.

290.36 INVESTMENT COMPANIES; REPORT OF NET INCOME; COMPUTATION OF AMOUNT OF INCOME ALLOCABLE TO STATE.

The taxable net income of investment companies shall be computed as follows:

Each investment company transacting business as such in this state shall report to the commissioner the net income returned by the company for the taxable year to the United States under the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, less the credits provided therein and subject to the adjustments required by this chapter. The commissioner shall compute therefrom the taxable net income of the investment company by assigning to this state that proportion of such net income, less such credits which the aggregate of the gross payments collected by the company during the taxable year from old and new business upon investment contracts issued by the company and held by residents of this state, bears to the total amount of the gross payments collected during such year by the company from such business upon investment contracts issued by the company and held by persons residing within the state and elsewhere.

As used in this section, the term "investment company" means any person, copartnership, association, or corporation, whether local or foreign, coming within the purview of section 54.26, and who or which is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (United States Code, title 15, section 80a-1 and following), as amended through December 31, 1986, and who or which solicits or receives payments to be made to itself and which issues therefor, or has issued therefor and has or shall have outstanding so-called bonds, shares, coupons, certificates of membership, or other evidences of obligation or agreement or pretended agreement to return to the holders or owners thereof money or anything of value at some future date; and as to whom the gross payments received during the taxable year in question upon outstanding investment contracts, plus interest and dividends earned on investment contracts determined by prorating the total dividends and interest for the taxable year in question in the same proportion that certificate reserves as defined by the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended through December 31, 1986, is to total assets, shall be at least 50 percent of the company's gross payments upon investment contracts plus gross income from all other sources except dividends from subsidiaries for the taxable year in question. The term "investment contract" shall mean any such so-called bonds, shares, coupons, certificates of membership, or other evidences of obligation or agreement or pretended agreement issued by an investment company.

290.371 NOTICE OF BUSINESS ACTIVITIES REPORT.

Subdivision 1.

Report required.

Every corporation that, during any calendar year or fiscal accounting year beginning after December 31, 1986, obtained any business from within this state as described in section 290.015, subdivision 1, except corporations specifically exempted under subdivision 2, must file a notice of business activities report, as provided in this section. Filing of the report is not a factor in determining whether a corporation is subject to taxation under this chapter.

Subd. 2.

Exemptions.

A corporation is not required to file a notice of business activities report if:

(1) by the end of an accounting period for which it was otherwise required to file a notice of business activities report under this section, it had received a certificate of authority to do business in this state;

(2) a timely return has been filed under section 289A.08;

(3) the corporation is exempt from taxation under this chapter pursuant to section 290.05; or

(4) the corporation's activities in Minnesota, or the interests in property which it owns, consist solely of activities or property exempted from jurisdiction to tax under section 290.015, subdivision 3, paragraph (b).

Subd. 3.

Annual filing.

Every corporation not exempt under subdivision 2 must file annually a notice of business activities report, including such forms as the commissioner may require, with respect to each of its calendar or fiscal accounting years beginning after December 31, 1986, on or before the 15th day of the fourth month after the close of the calendar or fiscal accounting year.

Subd. 4.

Failure to file timely report.

(a) Any corporation required to file a notice of business activities report does not have any cause of action upon which it may bring suit under Minnesota law, except for issues related to its Minnesota tax liability, unless the corporation has filed a notice of business activities report.

(b) The failure of a corporation to file a timely report prevents the use of the courts in this state, except regarding activities and property described in section 290.015, subdivision 3, paragraph (b), for all contracts executed and all causes of action that arose at any time before the end of the last accounting period for which the corporation failed to file a required report.

(c) The court in which the issues arise must excuse the corporation for its failure to file a report when due, and restore the corporation's cause of action under the laws of this state, if the corporation has paid all taxes, interest, and civil penalties due the state for all periods, or provided for payment of them by adequate security or bond approved by the commissioner.

(d) Pursuant to section 270B.14, subdivision 6, the commissioner may acknowledge whether or not a particular corporation has filed with the commissioner reports or returns required by this chapter if the acknowledgment:

(1) is to a party in a civil action;

(2) relates to the filing status of another party in the same civil action; and

(3) is in response to a written request accompanied by a copy of the summons and complaint in the civil action.

290.431 NONGAME WILDLIFE CHECKOFF.

Every individual who files an income tax return or property tax refund claim form may designate on their original return that $1 or more shall be added to the tax or deducted from the refund that would otherwise be payable by or to that individual and paid into an account to be established for the management of nongame wildlife. The commissioner of revenue shall, on the income tax return and the property tax refund claim form, notify filers of their right to designate that a portion of their tax or refund shall be paid into the nongame wildlife management account. The sum of the amounts so designated to be paid shall be credited to the nongame wildlife management account for use by the nongame program in the Department of Natural Resources. All interest earned on money accrued, gifts to the program, contributions to the program, and reimbursements of expenditures in the nongame wildlife management account shall be credited to the account by the commissioner of management and budget, except that gifts or contributions received directly by the commissioner of natural resources and directed by the contributor for use in specific nongame field projects or geographic areas shall be handled according to section 84.085, subdivision 1.

The state pledges and agrees with all contributors to the nongame wildlife management account to use the funds contributed solely for the management of nongame wildlife projects and further agrees that it will not impose additional conditions or restrictions that will limit or otherwise restrict the ability of the commissioner of natural resources to use the available funds for the most efficient and effective management of nongame wildlife. The commissioner may use funds appropriated for nongame wildlife programs for the purpose of developing, preserving, restoring, and maintaining wintering habitat for neotropical migrant birds in Latin America and the Caribbean under agreement or contract with any nonprofit organization dedicated to the construction, maintenance, and repair of such projects that are acceptable to the governmental agency having jurisdiction over the land and water affected by the projects. Under this authority, the commissioner may execute agreements and contracts if the commissioner determines that the use of the funds will benefit neotropical migrant birds that breed in or migrate through the state.

290.432 CORPORATE NONGAME WILDLIFE CHECKOFF.

A corporation that files an income tax return may designate on its original return that $1 or more shall be added to the tax or deducted from the refund that would otherwise be payable by or to that corporation and paid into the nongame wildlife management account established by section 290.431 for use by the Department of Natural Resources for its nongame wildlife program. The commissioner of revenue shall, on the corporate tax return, notify filers of their right to designate that a portion of their tax return be paid into the nongame wildlife management account for the protection of endangered natural resources. All interest earned on money accrued, gifts to the program, contributions to the program, and reimbursements of expenditures in the nongame wildlife management account shall be credited to the account by the commissioner of management and budget, except that gifts or contributions received directly by the commissioner of natural resources and directed by the contributor for use in specific nongame field projects or geographic areas shall be handled according to section 84.085, subdivision 1.

The state pledges and agrees with all corporate contributors to the nongame wildlife account to use the funds contributed solely for the nongame wildlife program and further agrees that it will not impose additional conditions or restrictions that will limit or otherwise restrict the ability of the commissioner of natural resources to use the available funds for the most efficient and effective management of those programs.

290.48 LARGE AMOUNTS OF CASH; PRESUMPTION OF JEOPARDY.

Subd. 10.

Presumptions where owner of large amount of cash is not identified.

(a) If the individual who is in physical possession of cash in excess of $10,000 does not claim such cash, or does not claim it belongs to another person whose identity the commissioner can readily ascertain and who acknowledges ownership of such cash, then, for purposes of section 270C.36, it shall be presumed that the cash represents gross income of a single individual for the taxable year in which the possession occurs, and that the collection of tax will be jeopardized by delay.

(b) In the case of any assessment resulting from the application of clause (a), the entire amount of the cash shall be treated as taxable income for the taxable year in which the possession occurs, such income shall be treated as taxable at an eight percent rate, and except as provided in clause (c), the possessor of the cash shall be treated (solely with respect to the cash) as the taxpayer for purposes of this chapter and the assessment and collection of the tax.

(c) If, after an assessment resulting from the application of clause (a), the assessment is abated and replaced by an assessment against the owner of the cash, the later assessment shall be treated for purposes of all laws relating to lien, levy, and collection as relating back to the date of the original assessment.

(d) For purposes of this subdivision, the definitions contained in section 6867 of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply.

290.491 TAX ON GAIN; DISCHARGE IN BANKRUPTCY.

(a) Any tax due under this chapter on a gain realized on a forced sale pursuant to foreclosure of a mortgage or other security interest in agricultural production property, other real property, or equipment, used in a farm business that was owned and operated by the taxpayer shall be a dischargeable debt in a bankruptcy proceeding under United States Code, title 11, section 727.

(b) Income realized on a sale or exchange of agricultural production property, other real property, or equipment, used in a farm business that was owned and operated by the taxpayer shall be exempt from taxation under this chapter, if the taxpayer was insolvent at the time of the sale and the proceeds of the sale were used solely to discharge indebtedness secured by a mortgage, lien, or other security interest on the property sold. For purposes of this section, "insolvent" means insolvent as defined in section 108(d)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. This paragraph applies only to the extent that the gain is includable in federal taxable income or in the computation of the alternative minimum taxable income under section 290.091 for purposes of the alternative minimum tax. The amount of the exemption is limited to the excess of the taxpayer's (1) liabilities over (2) the total assets and any exclusion claimed under section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code determined immediately before application of this paragraph.

(c) For purposes of this section, any tax due under this chapter specifically includes, but is not limited to, tax imposed under sections 290.02 and 290.03 on income derived from a sale or exchange, whether constituting gain, discharge of indebtedness or recapture of depreciation deductions, or the alternative minimum tax imposed under section 290.091.

290.62 DISTRIBUTION OF REVENUES.

All revenues derived from the taxes, interest, penalties and charges under this chapter shall, notwithstanding any other provisions of law, be paid into the state treasury and credited to the general fund, and be distributed as follows:

(1) There shall, notwithstanding any other provision of the law, be paid from this general fund all refunds of taxes erroneously collected from taxpayers under this chapter as provided herein;

(2) There is hereby appropriated to the persons entitled to payment herein, from the fund or account in the state treasury to which the money was credited, an amount sufficient to make the refund and payment.

290.92 TAX WITHHELD AT SOURCE UPON WAGES; OTHER PAYMENTS.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(1) Wages. For purposes of this section, the term "wages" means the same as that term is defined in section 3401(a), (f), and (i) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) Payroll period. For purposes of this section the term "payroll period" means a period for which a payment of wages is ordinarily made to the employee by the employee's employer, and the term "miscellaneous payroll period" means a payroll period other than a daily, weekly, biweekly, semimonthly, monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual payroll period.

(3) Employee. For purposes of this section the term "employee" means any resident individual performing services for an employer, either within or without, or both within and without the state of Minnesota, and every nonresident individual performing services within the state of Minnesota, the performance of which services constitute, establish, and determine the relationship between the parties as that of employer and employee. As used in the preceding sentence, the term "employee" includes an officer of a corporation, and an officer, employee, or elected official of the United States, a state, or any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, or any agency or instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing.

(4) Employer. For purposes of this section the term "employer" means any person, including individuals, fiduciaries, estates, trusts, partnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations transacting business in or deriving any income from sources within the state of Minnesota for whom an individual performs or performed any service, of whatever nature, as the employee of such person, except that if the person for whom the individual performs or performed the services does not have control of the payment of the wages for such services, the term "employer," except for purposes of paragraph (1), means the person having control of the payment of such wages. As used in the preceding sentence, the term "employer" includes any corporation, individual, estate, trust, or organization which is exempt from taxation under section 290.05 and further includes, but is not limited to, officers of corporations who have control, either individually or jointly with another or others, of the payment of the wages.

(5) Number of withholding allowances claimed. For purposes of this section, the term "number of withholding allowances claimed" means the number of withholding allowances claimed in a withholding allowances certificate in effect under subdivision 5, except that if no such certificate is in effect, the number of withholding allowances claimed shall be considered to be zero.

Subd. 2a.

Collection at source.

(1) Deductions. Every employer making payment of wages shall deduct and withhold upon such wages a tax as provided in this section.

(2) Withholding on payroll period. The employer shall withhold the tax on the basis of each payroll period or as otherwise provided in this section.

(3) Withholding tables. Unless the amount of tax to be withheld is determined as provided in subdivision 3, the amount of tax to be withheld for each individual shall be based upon tables to be prepared and distributed by the commissioner. The tables shall be computed for the several permissible withholding periods and shall take account of allowances allowed under this section; and the amounts computed for withholding shall be such that the amount withheld for any individual during the individual's taxable year shall approximate in the aggregate as closely as possible the tax which is levied and imposed under this chapter for that taxable year, upon the individual's salary, wages, or compensation for personal services of any kind for the employer.

(4) Miscellaneous payroll period. If wages are paid with respect to a period which is not a payroll period, the amount to be deducted and withheld shall be that applicable in the case of a miscellaneous payroll period containing a number of days, including Sundays and holidays, equal to the number of days in the period with respect to which such wages are paid.

(5) Miscellaneous payroll period. (a) In any case in which wages are paid by an employer without regard to any payroll period or other period, the amount to be deducted and withheld shall be that applicable in the case of a miscellaneous payroll period containing a number of days equal to the number of days, including Sundays and holidays, which have elapsed since the date of the last payment of such wages by such employer during the calendar year, or the date of commencement of employment with such employer during such year, or January 1 of such year, whichever is the later.

(b) In any case in which the period, or the time described in clause (a), in respect of any wages is less than one week, the commissioner, under rules prescribed by the commissioner, may authorize an employer to determine the amount to be deducted and withheld under the tables applicable in the case of a weekly payroll period, in which case the aggregate of the wages paid to the employee during the calendar week shall be considered the weekly wages.

(6) Wages computed to nearest dollar. If the wages exceed the highest bracket, in determining the amount to be deducted and withheld under this subdivision, the wages may, at the election of the employer, be computed to the nearest dollar.

(7) Rules on withholding. The commissioner may, by rule, authorize employers:

(a) to estimate the wages which will be paid to any employee in any quarter of the calendar year;

(b) to determine the amount to be deducted and withheld upon each payment of wages to such employee during such quarter as if the appropriate average of the wages so estimated constituted the actual wages paid; and

(c) to deduct and withhold upon any payment of wages to such employee during such quarter such amount as may be necessary to adjust the amount actually deducted and withheld upon wages of such employee during such quarter to the amount required to be deducted and withheld during such quarter without regard to this paragraph (7).

(8) Additional withholding. The commissioner is authorized to provide by rule for increases or decreases in the amount of withholding otherwise required under this section in cases where the employee requests the changes. Such additional withholding shall for all purposes be considered tax required to be deducted and withheld under this section.

(9) Tips. In the case of tips which constitute wages, this subdivision shall be applicable only to such tips as are included in a written statement furnished to the employer pursuant to section 6053 of the Internal Revenue Code and only to the extent that the tax can be deducted and withheld by the employer, at or after the time such statement is so furnished and before the close of the calendar year in which such statement is furnished, from such wages of the employee (excluding tips, but including funds turned over by the employee to the employer for the purpose of such deduction and withholding) as are under the control of the employer; and an employer who is furnished by an employee a written statement of tips (received in a calendar month) pursuant to section 6053 of the Internal Revenue Code to which subdivision 1 is applicable may deduct and withhold the tax with respect to such tips from any wages of the employee (excluding tips) under the employer's control, even though at the time such statement is furnished the total amount of the tips included in statements furnished to the employer as having been received by the employee in such calendar month in the course of employment by such employer is less than $20. Such tax shall not at any time be deducted and withheld in an amount which exceeds the aggregate of such wages and funds as are under the control of the employer minus any tax required by other provisions of state or federal law to be collected from such wages and funds.

(10) Vehicle fringe benefits. An employer shall not deduct and withhold any tax under this section with respect to any vehicle fringe benefit provided to an employee if the employer has so elected for federal purposes and the requirement of and the definition contained in section 3402(s) of the Internal Revenue Code are complied with.

Subd. 3.

Withholding, irregular period.

If payment of wages is made to an employee by an employer

(a) With respect to a payroll period or other period, any part of which is included in a payroll period or other period with respect to which wages are also paid to such employees by such employer, or

(b) Without regard to any payroll period or other period, but on or prior to the expiration of a payroll period or other period with respect to which wages are also paid to such employee by such employer, or

(c) With respect to a period beginning in one and ending in another calendar year, or

(d) Through an agent, fiduciary, or other person who also has the control, receipt, custody, or disposal of or pays, the wages payable by another employer to such employee.

The manner of withholding and the amount to be deducted and withheld under subdivision 2a shall be determined in accordance with rules prescribed by the commissioner under which the withholding allowance allowed to the employee in any calendar year shall approximate the withholding allowance allowable with respect to an annual payroll period, except that if supplemental wages are not paid concurrent with a payroll period the employer shall withhold tax on the supplemental payment at the rate of 6.25 percent as if no allowance had been claimed.

Subd. 4.

Remuneration, when not "wages."

If the remuneration paid by an employer to an employee for services performed during one-half or more of any payroll period of not more than 31 consecutive days constitutes wages, all the remuneration paid by such employer to such employee for such period shall be deemed to be wages; but if the remuneration paid by an employer to an employee for services performed during more than one-half of any such payroll period does not constitute wages, then none of the remuneration paid by such employer to such employee for such period shall be deemed to be wages.

Subd. 4a.

Tax withheld from nonresidents.

(1) "Wages" paid to nonresident employees. For the purposes of this section: The term "wages" means all remuneration taxable under this chapter including all remuneration paid to a nonresident employee for services performed in this state.

(2) "Employer," "wages" and "employee" concerning nonresidents. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, under rules to be prescribed by the commissioner of revenue, for purposes of this section any person having control, receipt, custody, disposal or payment of compensation taxable under this chapter and earned by a nonresident for personal services, shall be deemed an employer, any compensation taxable under this chapter and earned by a nonresident for personal services shall be deemed wages, and a nonresident entitled to compensation taxable under this chapter and earned by the nonresident for personal services shall be deemed an employee.

When compensation for personal services is paid to a corporation in which all or substantially all of the shareholders are individual entertainers, performers or athletes who gave an entertainment or athletic performance in this state for which the compensation was paid, the compensation shall be deemed wages of the individual entertainers, performers or athletes and shall be subject to the provisions of this section. Advance payments of compensation for personal services to be performed in Minnesota shall be deemed wages and subject to the provisions of this section.

(3) Nonresidents, employer's duty. The employer of any employee domiciled in a state with which Minnesota has reciprocity under section 290.081 is not required to withhold under this chapter from the wages earned by such employee in this state if the employee annually submits to the employer an affidavit of residency in the form prescribed by the commissioner. The affidavit must be submitted by the later of

(i) 30 days after the employment date or

(ii) August 31 for calendar year 1987 and February 28 for subsequent calendar years.

Subd. 4b.

Withholding by partnerships.

(a) A partnership shall deduct and withhold a tax as provided in paragraph (b) for nonresident individual partners based on their distributive shares of partnership income for a taxable year of the partnership.

(b) The amount of tax withheld is determined by multiplying the partner's distributive share allocable to Minnesota under section 290.17, paid or credited during the taxable year by the highest rate used to determine the income tax liability for an individual under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, except that the amount of tax withheld may be determined by the commissioner if the partner submits a withholding allowance certificate under subdivision 5.

(c) The commissioner may reduce or abate the tax withheld under this subdivision if the partnership had reasonable cause to believe that no tax was due under this section.

(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a partnership is not required to deduct and withhold tax for a nonresident partner if:

(1) the partner elects to have the tax due paid as part of the partnership's composite return under section 289A.08, subdivision 7;

(2) the partner has Minnesota assignable federal adjusted gross income from the partnership of less than $1,000; or

(3) the partnership is liquidated or terminated, the income was generated by a transaction related to the termination or liquidation, and no cash or other property was distributed in the current or prior taxable year;

(4) the distributive shares of partnership income are attributable to:

(i) income required to be recognized because of discharge of indebtedness;

(ii) income recognized because of a sale, exchange, or other disposition of real estate, depreciable property, or property described in section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code; or

(iii) income recognized on the sale, exchange, or other disposition of any property that has been the subject of a basis reduction pursuant to section 108, 734, 743, 754, or 1017 of the Internal Revenue Code to the extent that the income does not include cash received or receivable or, if there is cash received or receivable, to the extent that the cash is required to be used to pay indebtedness by the partnership or a secured debt on partnership property;

(5) the partnership is a publicly traded partnership, as defined in section 7704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code; or

(6) the partnership has elected to pay the pass-through entity tax under section 289A.08, subdivision 7a.

(e) For purposes of sections 270C.60, 289A.09, subdivision 2, 289A.20, subdivision 2, paragraph (c), 289A.50, 289A.56, 289A.60, and 289A.63, a partnership is considered an employer.

(f) To the extent that income is exempt from withholding under paragraph (d), clause (4), the commissioner has a lien in an amount up to the amount that would be required to be withheld with respect to the income of the partner attributable to the partnership interest, but for the application of paragraph (d), clause (4). The lien arises under section 270C.63 from the date of assessment of the tax against the partner, and attaches to that partner's share of the profits and any other money due or to become due to that partner in respect of the partnership. Notice of the lien may be sent by mail to the partnership, without the necessity for recording the lien. The notice has the force and effect of a levy under section 270C.67, and is enforceable against the partnership in the manner provided by that section. Upon payment in full of the liability subsequent to the notice of lien, the partnership must be notified that the lien has been satisfied.

Subd. 4c.

Withholding by S corporations.

(a) A corporation having a valid election in effect under section 290.9725 shall deduct and withhold a tax as provided in paragraph (b) for nonresident individual shareholders their share of the corporation's income for the taxable year.

(b) The amount of tax withheld is determined by multiplying the amount of income allocable to Minnesota under section 290.17 by the highest rate used to determine the income tax liability of an individual under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, except that the amount of tax withheld may be determined by the commissioner if the shareholder submits a withholding allowance certificate under subdivision 5.

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a corporation is not required to deduct and withhold tax for a nonresident shareholder, if:

(1) the shareholder elects to have the tax due paid as part of the corporation's composite return under section 289A.08, subdivision 7;

(2) the shareholder has Minnesota assignable federal adjusted gross income from the corporation of less than $1,000;

(3) the corporation is liquidated or terminated, the income was generated by a transaction related to the termination or liquidation, and no cash or other property was distributed in the current or prior taxable year; or

(4) the S corporation has elected to pay the pass-through entity tax under section 289A.08, subdivision 7a.

(d) For purposes of sections 270C.60, 289A.09, subdivision 2, 289A.20, subdivision 2, paragraph (c), 289A.50, 289A.56, 289A.60, and 289A.63, a corporation is considered an employer.

Subd. 5.

Allowances.

(1) An employee receiving wages shall on any day be entitled to claim withholding allowances in a number not to exceed the number of withholding allowances that the employee claims and that are allowable pursuant to section 3402(f)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code for federal withholding purposes, except:

(i) the standard deduction amount for the purposes of section 3402(f)(1)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be the amount calculated under section 290.0123;

(ii) the allowance amount for the purposes of section 3402(f)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be the amount calculated under section 290.0121, subdivision 1;

(iii) withholding allowances under sections 3402(f)(1)(C) and (D) of the Internal Revenue Code are not allowed;

(iv) estimated itemized deductions allowable under section 290.0122, but only if the employee's spouse does not have in effect a withholding certificate electing this allowance; and

(v) any additional allowances, at the discretion of the commissioner, that are in the best interests of determining the proper amount to withhold for the payment of taxes under this chapter.

(2) Withholding allowance certificate. The provisions concerning allowance certificates contained in section 3402(f)(2) and (3) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply.

(3) Form of certificate. Withholding allowance certificates shall be in such form and contain such information as the commissioner may by rule prescribe.

Subd. 5a.

Verification of withholding allowances; appeal.

(a) An employer shall submit to the commissioner a copy of any withholding allowance certificate or any affidavit of residency received from an employee on which the employee claims any of the following:

(1) a total number of withholding allowances in excess of ten or a number prescribed by the commissioner, or

(2) a status that would exempt the employee from Minnesota withholding, including where the employee is a nonresident exempt from withholding under subdivision 4a, clause (3), except where the employer reasonably expects, at the time that the certificate is received, that the employee's wages under subdivision 1 from the employer will not then usually exceed $200 per week, or

(3) any number of withholding allowances which the employer has reason to believe is in excess of the number to which the employee is entitled.

(b) Copies of allowance certificates and affidavits of residency required to be submitted by paragraph (a) shall be submitted to the commissioner within 30 days after receipt by the employer unless the employer is also required by federal law to submit copies to the Internal Revenue Service, in which case the employer may elect to submit the copies to the commissioner at the same time that the employer is required to submit them to the Internal Revenue Service.

(c) An employer who submits a copy of a withholding allowance certificate in accordance with paragraph (a) shall honor the certificate until notified by the commissioner that the certificate is invalid. The commissioner shall mail a copy of any such notice to the employee. Upon notification that a particular certificate is invalid, the employer shall not honor that certificate or any subsequent certificate unless instructed to do so by the commissioner. The employer shall allow the employee the number of allowances and compute the withholding tax as instructed by the commissioner in accordance with paragraph (d).

(d) The commissioner may require an employee to verify entitlement to the number of allowances or to the exempt status claimed on the withholding allowance certificate or, to verify nonresidency. The employee shall be allowed at least 30 days to submit the verification, after which time the commissioner shall, on the basis of the best information available to the commissioner, determine the employee's status and allow the employee the maximum number of withholding allowances allowable under this chapter. The commissioner shall mail a notice of this determination to the employee at the address listed on the allowance certificate in question or to the last known address of the employee. Pursuant to section 270B.06, the commissioner may notify the employer of this determination and instruct the employer to withhold tax in accordance with the determination.

However, where the commissioner has reasonable grounds for believing that the employee is about to leave the state or that the collection of any tax due under this chapter will be jeopardized by delay, the commissioner may immediately notify the employee and the employer, pursuant to section 270B.06, that the certificate is invalid, and the employer must not honor that certificate or any subsequent certificate unless instructed to do so by the commissioner. The employer shall allow the employee the number of allowances and compute the withholding tax as instructed by the commissioner.

(e) The commissioner's determination under paragraph (d) shall be appealable to Tax Court in accordance with section 271.06, and shall remain in effect for withholding tax purposes pending disposition of any appeal.

Subd. 9.

Determination of tax due.

The commissioner may grant permission to employers, or persons withholding tax under section 290.923, subdivision 2, who do not desire to use the withholding tax tables provided in accordance with paragraph (3) of subdivision 2a, or section 290.923, subdivision 2, to determine the amount of tax to be withheld by use of a method of withholding other than withholding tax tables, provided such method will withhold from each employee or person receiving royalty payments substantially the same amount of tax as would be withheld by use of the withholding tax tables. Employers, or persons withholding tax under section 290.923, subdivision 2, who desire to determine the amount of tax to be withheld by a method other than by use of the withholding tax tables shall obtain permission from the commissioner before the beginning of a payroll period for which the employer, or person withholding tax under section 290.923, subdivision 2, desires to withhold the tax by such other method. Applications to use such other method must be accompanied by evidence establishing the need for the use of such method.

Subd. 10.

Remuneration, not in cash.

In the case of remuneration paid in any medium other than cash for services performed by an individual as a retail salesperson for a person, where the service performed by such individual for such person is ordinarily performed for remuneration solely by way of cash commission an employer shall not be required to deduct or withhold any tax under this section with respect to such remuneration, provided that such employer files with the commissioner such information with respect to such remuneration as the commissioner may by rule prescribe.

Subd. 12.

Withheld amount, credit against tax.

(a) The amount deducted and withheld as tax under subdivision 2a or 3 during a calendar year upon wages shall be allowed as a credit to the recipient of the income against the taxes imposed by this chapter, for a taxable year beginning in such calendar year. If more than one taxable year begins in such calendar year, such amount shall be allowed as a credit against the taxes for the last taxable year so beginning.

(b) The amount deducted and withheld under subdivisions 4b and 4c and under section 290.923, subdivision 2, for partnership, S corporation, or royalty income must be allowed as a credit to the recipient of the income against the taxes imposed by this chapter for the tax year the income is subject to tax under this chapter.

Subd. 16.

Agreement with secretary of treasury.

The commissioner is authorized to enter into an agreement with the secretary of treasury of the United States pursuant to the provisions of United States Code, title 5, section 5517.

Subd. 17.

Reciprocal arrangement with other states.

The commissioner may enter into an agreement with the commissioner or other taxing officials of another state for the interpretation and administration of the acts of their several states providing for the collection of income tax at source on wages for the purpose of promoting fair and equitable administration of such acts and to eliminate duplicate withholding. Pursuant to section 270B.12, subdivision 1, the commissioner may furnish information on a reciprocal basis to the taxing officials of another state in order to implement the purposes set forth above.

Subd. 19.

Employees incurring no income tax liability.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, except the provisions of subdivision 5a, an employer is not required to deduct and withhold any tax under this chapter from wages paid to an employee if:

(1) the employee furnished the employer with a withholding allowance certificate that:

(i) certifies the employee incurred no liability for income tax imposed under this chapter for the employee's preceding taxable year;

(ii) certifies the employee anticipates incurring no liability for income tax imposed under this chapter for the current taxable year; and

(iii) is in a form and contains any other information prescribed by the commissioner; or

(2)(i) the employee is not a resident of Minnesota when the wages were paid; and

(ii) the employer reasonably expects that the employer will not pay the employee enough wages assignable to Minnesota under section 290.17, subdivision 2, paragraph (a)(1), to meet the nonresident requirement to file a Minnesota individual income tax return for the taxable year under section 289A.08, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).

Subd. 20.

Miscellaneous withholding arrangements.

(a) For purposes of this section, any payment or distribution to an individual as defined under section 3405(e)(2) or (3) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be treated as if it were a payment of wages by an employer to an employee for a payroll period. Any payment to an individual of sick pay which does not constitute wages, determined without regard to this subdivision, shall be treated as if it were a payment of wages by an employer to an employee for a payroll period, if, at the time the payment is made a request that such sick pay be subject to withholding under this section is in effect. Sick pay means any amount which:

(1) is paid to an employee pursuant to a plan to which the employer is a party, and

(2) constitutes remuneration or a payment in lieu of remuneration for any period during which the employee is temporarily absent from work on account of sickness or personal injuries.

(b) A request for withholding, the amount withheld, and sick pay paid pursuant to certain collective bargaining agreements shall conform with the provisions of section 3402(o)(3), (4), and (5) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) The commissioner is authorized by rules to provide for withholding:

(1) from remuneration for services performed by an employee for the employer which, without regard to this subdivision, does not constitute wages, and

(2) from any other type of payment with respect to which the commissioner finds that withholding would be appropriate under the provisions of this section, if the employer and the employee, or in the case of any other type of payment the person making and the person receiving the payment, agree to such withholding. Such agreement shall be made in such form and manner as the commissioner may by rules provide. For purposes of this section remuneration or other payments with respect to which such agreement is made shall be treated as if they were wages paid by an employer to an employee to the extent that such remuneration is paid or other payments are made during the period for which the agreement is in effect.

(d) An individual receiving a payment or distribution under paragraph (a) may elect to have paragraph (a) not apply to the payment or distribution as follows.

(1) For payments defined under section 3405(e)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, an election remains in effect until revoked by such individual.

(2) For distributions defined under section 3405(e)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, the election is on a distribution-by-distribution basis.

Subd. 21.

Notice to unemployment benefits claimants.

At the time an individual makes a claim for unemployment benefits, the commissioner of employment and economic development must notify the individual that the individual's unemployment benefits may be subject to state income taxes depending on the individual's other income.

Subd. 24.

Application for account number.

An employer, or person withholding tax under section 290.923, desiring to engage in business in Minnesota shall file with the commissioner an application for a withholding account number on or before the date the employer is required to withhold Minnesota taxes under this section. An application for an account number must be made upon a form prescribed by the commissioner. It must give the name of the employer or payor, the location of the place or places of business, the names, addresses and Social Security numbers of the owners or partners, or if the employer or payor is a corporation of the officers, or if the employer or payor is a trust of the trustees, and other information the commissioner may require. The application must be filed by the owner if the employer or payor is a natural person; by a member or partner if the employer or payor is an association or partnership; by a trustee if the employer or payor be a trust, or by a person authorized to sign the application if the employer or payor is a corporation.

No fee shall be charged for the application.

The account number is not assignable.

Subd. 25.

Delegation of duty of employer or payor.

The delegation to an agent, fiduciary, or employee of an employer, or person withholding tax under section 290.923, of any duty prescribed for the employer or payor by this section shall not relieve the employer or payor of full compliance with such duty.

Subd. 26.

Extension of withholding to certain payments where identifying number not furnished or inaccurate.

(a) If, in the case of any reportable payment, (1) the payee fails to furnish the payee's Social Security account number to the payor, (2) the payee is subject to federal backup withholding on the reportable payment under section 3406 of the Internal Revenue Code, or (3) the commissioner notifies the payor that the Social Security account number furnished by the payee is incorrect, then the payor shall deduct and withhold from the payment a tax equal to the amount of the payment multiplied by the highest rate used in determining the income tax liability of an individual under section 290.06, subdivision 2c.

(b)(1) In the case of any failure described in paragraph (a), clause (1), paragraph (a) shall apply to any reportable payment made by the payor during the period during which the Social Security account number has not been furnished.

(2) In any case where there is a notification described in paragraph (a), clause (3), paragraph (a) shall apply to any reportable payment made by the payor (i) after the close of the 30th day after the day on which the payor received the notification, and (ii) before the payee furnishes another Social Security account number.

(3)(i) Unless the payor elects not to have this clause apply with respect to the payee, paragraph (a), clause (1), shall also apply to any reportable payment made after the close of the period described in clause (1) or (2), as the case may be, and before the 30th day after the close of the period.

(ii) If the payor elects the application of this clause with respect to the payee, paragraph (a) shall also apply to any reportable payment made during the 30-day period described in clause (2).

(iii) The payor may elect a period shorter than the grace period set forth in item (i) or (ii), as the case may be.

(c) The provisions of section 3406 of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply and shall govern when withholding shall be required and the definition of terms. The term "reportable payment" shall include only those payments for personal services. No tax shall be deducted or withheld under this subdivision with respect to any amount for which withholding is otherwise required under this section. For purposes of this section, payments which are subject to withholding under this subdivision shall be treated as if they were wages paid by an employer to an employee and amounts deducted and withheld under this subdivision shall be treated as if deducted and withheld under subdivision 2a.

(d) Whenever the commissioner notifies a payor under this subdivision that the Social Security account number furnished by any payee is incorrect, the commissioner shall at the same time furnish a copy of the notice to the payor, and the payor shall promptly furnish the copy to the payee. If the commissioner notifies a payor under this subdivision that the Social Security account number furnished by any payee is incorrect and the payee subsequently furnishes another Social Security account number to the payor, the payor shall promptly notify the commissioner of the other Social Security account number furnished.

Subd. 27.

Pari-mutuel winnings.

Any holder of a class A, B, or D license issued by the Minnesota Racing Commission shall deduct and withhold an amount equal to the winnings multiplied by the highest rate used in determining the income tax liability of an individual under section 290.06, subdivision 2c, as Minnesota withholding tax. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "winnings which are subject to withholding" has the meaning given in section 3402(q)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of the provisions of this section, a payment to any person of winnings which are subject to withholding must be treated as if the payment was a wage paid by an employer to an employee. Every individual who is to receive a payment of winnings which are subject to withholding shall furnish the license holder with a statement, made under the penalties of perjury, containing the name, address, and Social Security account number of the person receiving the payment and of each person entitled to any portion of such payment. The license holder is liable for the payment of the tax required to be withheld under this subdivision and subdivision 28 but is not liable to any person for the amount of the payment.

Subd. 28.

Payments to horse racing license holders.

Effective with payments made after April 1, 1988, any holder of a license issued by the Minnesota Racing Commission who makes a payment for personal or professional services to a holder of a class C license issued by the commission, except an amount paid as a purse, shall deduct from the payment and withhold 6.25 percent of the amount as Minnesota withholding tax when the amount paid to that individual by the same person during the calendar year exceeds $600. For purposes of the provisions of this section, a payment to any person which is subject to withholding under this subdivision must be treated as if the payment was a wage paid by an employer to an employee. Every individual who is to receive a payment which is subject to withholding under this subdivision shall furnish the license holder with a statement, made under the penalties of perjury, containing the name, address, and Social Security account number of the person receiving the payment. No withholding is required if the individual presents a signed certificate from the individual's employer which states that the individual is an employee of that employer. A nonresident individual who holds a class C license must be treated as an athlete for purposes of applying the provisions of subdivision 4a and section 290.17, subdivision 2, paragraph (a), clause (2), item (ii).

Subd. 29.

Lottery prizes.

7.25 percent of the payment of Minnesota State Lottery winnings which are subject to withholding must be withheld as Minnesota withholding tax. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "winnings which are subject to withholding" has the meaning given in section 3402(q)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of the provisions of this section, a payment to any person of winnings which are subject to withholding must be treated as if the payment was a wage paid by an employer to an employee. Every individual who is to receive a payment of winnings which are subject to withholding shall furnish the State Lottery with a statement, made under the penalties of perjury, containing the name, address, and Social Security account number of the person receiving the payment. The Minnesota State Lottery is liable for the payment of the tax required to be withheld under this subdivision but is not liable to any person for the amount of the payment.

Subd. 30.

Registration; third-party bulk filer.

(a) For purposes of this subdivision, the following terms have the meanings given:

(1) Notwithstanding section 290.01, "person" means an individual, fiduciary, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other entity organized under the laws of this state or any other jurisdiction.

(2) "Third-party bulk filer" means a person who has custody or control over another employer's funds for the purpose of filing returns and depositing the withheld taxes of the other employer with the commissioner.

(b) A person shall not act as a third-party bulk filer unless the person is registered with the commissioner under this subdivision.

(c) A person may apply to the commissioner, on a form prescribed by the commissioner, for registration as a third-party bulk filer under this subdivision, and the commissioner shall grant the application if the application indicates that the person will comply with this subdivision.

(d) A third-party bulk filer must:

(1) keep client funds held for payment of federal or state withholding taxes or other client obligations in an account separate from the third-party bulk filer's own funds;

(2) permit the commissioner to conduct scheduled or unscheduled audits of the third-party bulk filer's books and records relating to compliance with this subdivision and fully cooperate with the audits or, at the discretion of the commissioner, submit an audit conducted by a certified public accountant;

(3) file returns electronically and make deposits electronically with the commissioner in compliance with the commissioner's requirements for electronic filing and depositing;

(4) provide to the commissioner at least monthly, in the form requested by the commissioner, an updated client list that includes at least the name, address, tax identification number, and federal deposit frequency of each client. The address listed for the client must be the client's actual street or post office box address and not the third-party bulk filer's address;

(5) disclose in writing to prospective clients that:

(i) the third-party bulk filer may invest client funds prior to depositing them with the commissioner and with the Internal Revenue Service and that earnings from those investments will be the property of the third-party bulk filer;

(ii) if the third-party bulk filer incurs losses on those investments or uses the client's funds for other purposes, the third-party bulk filer will still be liable to the client for the amounts withheld but will be able to make required tax deposits on behalf of the client only by using the third-party bulk filer's own funds or other assets to replace the funds lost through the investments or used for other purposes; and

(iii) no state or federal agency monitors or assumes any responsibility for the financial solvency of third-party bulk filers;

(6) timely file all returns and timely make all tax deposits required under its contracts with its clients;

(7) upon request, provide to the commissioner, within the time specified in the request, a copy of any contract with a client; and

(8) comply with all other requirements of this section or of rules adopted under this section.

(e) When the commissioner sends an order of assessment issued under section 270C.33, in either paper or electronic form, to a third-party bulk filer regarding a client, the commissioner shall also send a paper copy of the order of assessment to the client.

(f) If the commissioner determines that a required deposit appears not to have been made, the commissioner shall send a written notice of the delinquency, in electronic or paper form, to the third-party bulk filer, and a copy to the client as required under paragraph (e).

(g) If the commissioner determines that a required deposit has not been made, and that continued operation of the third-party bulk filer would present a risk of loss to its clients, the commissioner may, upon ten business days' written notice by certified mail to the third-party bulk filer, suspend the registration of the third-party bulk filer for an indefinite period, and notify the third-party bulk filer's clients that the registration has been suspended. A registration may not be suspended if the failure to make a deposit was caused by the client's failure to deposit funds or provide the information necessary to calculate appropriate tax withholding payments. The commissioner shall, upon request, provide the third-party bulk filer with the opportunity for an administrative appeal under section 270C.35, subdivisions 1, 4, and 10, prior to suspension; the hearing, if any, on the administrative appeal must occur within the ten-day period unless the commissioner, in the commissioner's sole discretion, agrees to delay the suspension to permit a later hearing. The 60-day period specified in section 270C.35, subdivision 4, does not apply to a proceeding under this paragraph. Within 30 days after the beginning of a suspension under this paragraph, the commissioner may commence a proceeding to suspend or revoke under paragraph (h); if the commissioner fails to do so, the suspension under this paragraph terminates.

(h) If the commissioner determines, in compliance with paragraph (i), that a third-party bulk filer has violated this section without reasonable cause or is no longer eligible for registration under this subdivision, the commissioner may suspend or revoke the third-party bulk filer's registration or may assess a civil penalty upon the third-party bulk filer, not to exceed $5,000 per violation. A suspension of registration may be for any period of less than six months and may include conditions for reinstatement. If the commissioner revokes the registration, the third-party bulk filer may not apply for reregistration for six months after the revocation. If the commissioner suspends or revokes a registration, the commissioner shall notify the former registrant's clients that the registration has been suspended or revoked. If the commissioner assesses a civil penalty, the commissioner shall not notify the third-party bulk filer's clients of the assessment.

(i) Prior to a suspension, revocation, or assessment of a civil penalty under paragraph (h), the commissioner shall first provide 30 days' written notice to the third-party bulk filer, specifying the violations and informing the third-party bulk filer that the commissioner intends, based upon those violations, to take action against the third-party bulk filer as permitted under this paragraph and paragraph (h). The notice shall advise the third-party bulk filer of the right to contest the suspension, revocation, or assessment of a civil penalty and of the general procedures for a contested case hearing under chapter 14. The notice may be served personally or by mail in the manner prescribed for service of an order of assessment issued under section 270C.33. A suspension or revocation of registration under this paragraph is effective when the commissioner serves a notice of suspension or revocation upon the third-party bulk filer after 30 days have passed following the date of the notice of intent to suspend or revoke without the third-party bulk filer requesting a hearing. If a hearing is timely requested and held, the suspension or revocation is effective upon service by the commissioner of an order of suspension or revocation under section 14.62, subdivision 1.

(j) A third-party bulk filer may terminate its registration by written notice to the commissioner, but the termination does not affect the commissioner's authority to begin or continue a proceeding to take action permitted under paragraph (h). The commissioner shall notify the third-party bulk filer's clients of a termination of registration under this paragraph.

(k) The commissioner shall remind employers at least annually, through the department's regular informational publications that it sends to employers, that employers may telephone the department to determine whether a required filing or deposit has been made by a third-party bulk filer.

290.9201 TAX ON NONRESIDENT ENTERTAINERS.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

(a) "Entertainer" means an individual who is not a resident of Minnesota or a state with which Minnesota has a reciprocal agreement under section 290.081 who performs acts in Minnesota that amuse, entertain, or inform. For purposes of this section, "entertainer" includes, but is not limited to, a musician, singer, dancer, comedian, thespian, athlete, and public speaker.

(b) Entertainment entity means either: (1) an entertainer who is paid compensation for providing entertainment as an independent contractor, (2) a partnership that is paid compensation for entertainment provided by entertainers who are partners, or (3) a corporation that is paid compensation for entertainment provided by entertainers who are shareholders of the corporation.

Subd. 2.

Tax on entertainment.

Entertainment entities are subject to a tax in the amount of two percent of the total compensation received by them during the calendar year for entertainment performed in Minnesota.

Subd. 6.

Exemption from income tax.

Compensation subject to the tax imposed under this section is not assignable to Minnesota under section 290.17.

Subd. 7.

Withholding on compensation of entertainers.

The tax on compensation of an entertainer must be withheld at a rate of two percent of all compensation paid to the entertainment entity by the person or corporation having legal control of the payment of the compensation. The compensation subject to withholding under this section is not subject to the withholding provisions of section 290.92, subdivision 2a, 3, or 28, except the provisions of sections 270C.02, subdivision 2, paragraph (b), 270C.60, 289A.09, subdivisions 1, paragraph (f), and 2, 289A.60, and 289A.63 shall apply to withholding under this section as if the withholding were upon wages.

Subd. 8.

Deposit of entertainer withholding.

The person or corporation having legal control of the payment of compensation taxable under this section shall deposit the earnings tax with the commissioner.

Subd. 11.

Exemption from withholding and tax.

(a) Subdivisions 7 and 8 do not apply to:

(1) compensation paid to nonresident public speakers, if the compensation paid to the speaker is less than $2,000 or is only a payment of the speaker's expenses; or

(2) compensation paid to an entertainment entity if the compensation paid to the entertainment entity is less than $600.

(b) Compensation paid to a public speaker or an entertainment entity that is not subject to withholding tax under this subdivision is not subject to tax under subdivision 2 unless the total compensation received by the public speaker or entertainment entity in the tax year exceeds the individual income tax filing requirements for a nonresident individual under section 289A.08, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (1).

290.923 TAX WITHHELD ON ROYALTIES UPON ORE.

Subdivision 1.

Definition.

In this section, "royalty" means the amount in money or value of property received by any person having any right, title, or interest in any tract of land in this state for permission to explore, mine, take out, and remove ore from the land.

Subd. 2.

Collection at source.

(a) Every person making payment of royalties shall deduct and withhold upon the royalties a tax as provided in this section.

(b) The amount of tax to be withheld shall be based upon tables to be prepared and distributed by the commissioner. The tables must be computed for several permissible withholding periods and shall take into account any exemptions allowed under this chapter. The amounts computed for withholding shall be such that the amount withheld for any person during the person's taxable year shall approximate in the aggregate as closely as possible the tax levied and imposed under this chapter for that taxable year upon the person's income subject to tax.

Subd. 3.

Returns; deposits.

Every person who is required to deduct and withhold tax under subdivision 2 shall file returns and make deposits as required under sections 289A.09 and 289A.20, subdivision 2.

Subd. 4.

Withholding statement.

Every person required to deduct and withhold tax under this section shall furnish withholding statements as required by section 289A.09, subdivision 2.

Subd. 5.

Payor liable for tax withheld.

The payor shall be liable for the payment of tax required to be deducted and withheld under subdivision 2 and shall not be liable to any person for the amount of the payment.

Subd. 6.

Determination of tax due.

The commissioner may grant permission to payors who do not wish to use the withholding tax tables provided in accordance with subdivision 2, paragraph (b), in accordance with section 290.92, subdivision 9.

Subd. 8.

Records.

Every person liable for tax imposed by this section or for the collection of it shall be subject to the provisions of sections 270C.31 and 270C.32.

Subd. 9.

Payees incurring no income tax liability.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section a payor shall not be required to deduct and withhold any tax under this chapter upon a payment of royalties to a payee if there is in effect with respect to the payment a withholding allowance certificate, in the form and containing the information prescribed by the commissioner, furnished to the payor by the payee certifying that the payee:

(1) incurred no liability for income tax imposed under this chapter for the payee's preceding taxable year; and

(2) anticipates incurring no liability for income tax under this chapter for the current taxable year.

The commissioner shall provide by rule for the coordination of the provisions of this subdivision with the provisions of subdivision 4.

Subd. 10.

Application for account number.

A payor desiring to engage in business in Minnesota shall file with the commissioner an application for a withholding account number in accordance with section 290.92, subdivisions 24 and 25.

Subd. 11.

Exemption from deduction and withholding.

A person or entity whose shares or certificates of beneficial interest are traded on the New York Stock Exchange or publicly traded on any recognized stock exchange and which issues 1099 or K1 forms to its shareholders or certificate holders and provides the 1099 or K1 information to the Department of Revenue, is exempt from deduction and withholding under this section.

290.9705 SURETY DEPOSITS REQUIRED FOR CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS.

Subdivision 1.

Withholding of payments to out-of-state contractors.

(a) In this section, "person" means a person, corporation, or cooperative, the state of Minnesota and its political subdivisions, and a city, county, and school district in Minnesota.

(b) A person who in the regular course of business is hiring, contracting, or having a contract with a nonresident person or foreign corporation to perform construction work in Minnesota, shall deduct and withhold eight percent of payments made to the contractor if the value of the contract exceeds $50,000.

Subd. 3.

Waiver of withholding.

The conditions in subdivisions 1 and 2 may be waived by the commissioner if (1) the contractor gives the commissioner a cash surety or a bond, secured by an insurance company licensed by Minnesota, conditioned that the contractor will comply with all applicable provisions of this chapter and chapter 297A, or (2) the contractor has done construction work in Minnesota at any time during the three calendar years prior to entering the contract and has fully complied with all the provisions of this chapter and chapter 297A for the three prior years.

Subd. 4.

Deposits used as surety for compliance with income and sales tax provisions.

The amounts deposited with the commissioner under subdivision 1 are considered a surety to guarantee payment of income, franchise, withholding, and sales and use taxes of the contractor. The commissioner shall retain the money deposited until the commissioner determines the contractor's liability for state income, franchise, sales and use taxes, and taxes withheld under section 290.92.

290.9725 S CORPORATION.

For purposes of this chapter, the term "S corporation" means any corporation having a valid election in effect for the taxable year under section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code. An S corporation shall not be subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter, except the taxes imposed under sections 290.0922, 290.92, 290.9727, 290.9728, and 290.9729.

290.9726 CORPORATION TAXABLE INCOME TAXED TO SHAREHOLDERS.

Subdivision 1.

General rule.

The gross income of the shareholders of corporations described in section 290.9725 shall be computed under the provisions of section 290.01, subdivision 20.

Subd. 2.

Character of items distributed or considered distributed.

The character of any item of income, gain, loss, or deduction included in shareholder's income, for the period of time that the shareholder is not a resident of Minnesota, shall be determined as if the item were realized directly from the source from which it was realized by the corporation or incurred in the same manner as incurred by the corporation.

Subd. 4.

Treatment of family groups.

Any amount of taxable income apportioned or allocated to a shareholder may be reapportioned or reallocated under the provisions of section 1366(e) of the Internal Revenue Code if the commissioner determines it necessary in order to correctly reflect the value of services rendered to the corporation by the shareholders.

290.9727 TAX ON CERTAIN BUILT-IN GAINS.

Subdivision 1.

Tax imposed.

For an "S" corporation electing S corporation status pursuant to section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code after December 31, 1986, and having a recognized built-in gain as defined in section 1374 of the Internal Revenue Code, there is imposed a tax on the taxable income of such S corporation, as defined in this section, at the rate prescribed by section 290.06, subdivision 1. This subdivision does not apply to any corporation having an S election in effect for each of its taxable years. An S corporation and any predecessor corporation must be treated as one corporation for purposes of the preceding sentence.

Subd. 1a.

Asset transfers.

In the case of the transfer of assets from a C corporation to an S corporation as described in section 1374(d)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code, a tax is imposed on the taxable income of the S corporation, as defined in this section, at the rate prescribed in section 290.06, subdivision 1.

Subd. 2.

Taxable income.

For purposes of this section, taxable income means taxable net income less the deduction for net operating loss carryforwards as provided by this section.

Subd. 3.

Taxable net income.

For purposes of this section, taxable net income means the lesser of:

(1) the recognized built-in gains of the S corporation for the taxable year, as determined under section 1374 of the Internal Revenue Code, subject to the modifications provided in section 290.0135, that are allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20; or

(2) the amount of the S corporation's federal taxable income, as determined under section 1374(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, subject to the provisions of sections 290.0131 to 290.0135, that is allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20.

Subd. 4.

Net operating loss carryforward.

A net operating loss carryforward, as determined under section 290.095, arising in a taxable year before the corporation elected S corporation status, shall be allowed as a deduction against the lesser of the amounts referred to in subdivision 3, clauses (1) and (2). For purposes of determining the amount of any such loss that may be carried to later taxable years, the lesser of the amounts referred to in subdivision 3, clauses (1) and (2), shall be treated as taxable income.

Subd. 5.

Credit carryforward.

Any credit carryforward allowed under this chapter and arising in a taxable year in which the corporation was a C corporation is allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this section.

290.9728 TAX ON CAPITAL GAINS.

Subdivision 1.

Tax imposed.

There is imposed a tax on the taxable income of an "S" corporation that has:

(1) elected S corporation status pursuant to section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1986, before January 1, 1987;

(2) a net capital gain for the taxable year (i) in excess of $25,000 and (ii) exceeding 50 percent of the corporation's federal taxable income for the taxable year; and

(3) federal taxable income for the taxable year exceeding $25,000.

The tax is imposed at the rate prescribed by section 290.06, subdivision 1. For purposes of this section, "federal taxable income" means federal taxable income determined under section 1374(4)(d) of the Internal Revenue Code. This section does not apply to an S corporation which has had an election under section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, in effect for the three immediately preceding taxable years. This section does not apply to an S corporation that has been in existence for less than four taxable years and has had an election in effect under section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 for each of the corporation's taxable years. For purposes of this section, an S corporation and any predecessor corporation are treated as one corporation.

Subd. 2.

Taxable income.

For purposes of this section, taxable income means the lesser of:

(1) the amount of the net capital gain of the S corporation for the taxable year, as determined under sections 1222 and 1374 of the Internal Revenue Code, and subject to the modifications provided in section 290.0135, in excess of $25,000 that is allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20; or

(2) the amount of the S corporation's federal taxable income, subject to the provisions of sections 290.0133 to 290.0135, that is allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20.

290.9729 TAX ON PASSIVE INVESTMENT INCOME.

Subdivision 1.

Tax imposed.

There is imposed a tax for the taxable year on the taxable income of an S corporation, if for the taxable year an S corporation has:

(1) subchapter C earnings and profits at the close of such taxable year; and

(2) gross receipts more than 25 percent of which are passive investment income.

The tax is imposed at the rate prescribed by section 290.06, subdivision 1. The terms "subchapter C earnings and profits," "passive investment income," and "gross receipts" have the same meanings as when used in sections 1362(d)(3) and 1375 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Subd. 2.

Taxable income.

For the purposes of this section, taxable income means the lesser of:

(1) the amount of the S corporation's excess net passive income, as determined under section 1375 of the Internal Revenue Code, subject to the provisions of sections 290.0133 to 290.0135, that is allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20; or

(2) the amount of the S corporation's federal taxable income, as determined under section 1374(d)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, subject to the provisions of sections 290.0133 to 290.0135, that is allocable to this state under section 290.17, 290.191, or 290.20.

Subd. 3.

Waiver of tax.

The tax imposed by this section shall be waived if the taxpayer receives a waiver for federal income tax purposes under section 1375(d) of the Internal Revenue Code.

290.9741 ELECTION BY REMIC.

An entity having a valid election as a Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (REMIC) in effect under section 860D(b) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter except the tax imposed under section 290.92.

290.9742 REMIC INCOME TAXABLE TO HOLDERS OF INTERESTS.

The income of a REMIC is taxable to the holders of interests in the REMIC as provided in sections 860A to 860G of the Internal Revenue Code. The income of the holders must be computed under the provisions of this chapter.

291.005 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Scope.

Unless the context otherwise clearly requires, the following terms used in this chapter shall have the following meanings:

(1) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of revenue or any person to whom the commissioner has delegated functions under this chapter.

(2) "Federal gross estate" means the gross estate of a decedent as required to be valued and otherwise determined for federal estate tax purposes under the Internal Revenue Code, increased by the value of any property in which the decedent had a qualifying income interest for life and for which an election was made under section 291.03, subdivision 1d, for Minnesota estate tax purposes, but was not made for federal estate tax purposes.

(3) "Internal Revenue Code" means the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 2018.

(4) "Minnesota gross estate" means the federal gross estate of a decedent after (a) excluding therefrom any property included in the estate which has its situs outside Minnesota, and (b) including any property omitted from the federal gross estate which is includable in the estate, has its situs in Minnesota, and was not disclosed to federal taxing authorities.

(5) "Nonresident decedent" means an individual whose domicile at the time of death was not in Minnesota.

(6) "Personal representative" means the executor, administrator or other person appointed by the court to administer and dispose of the property of the decedent. If there is no executor, administrator or other person appointed, qualified, and acting within this state, then any person in actual or constructive possession of any property having a situs in this state which is included in the federal gross estate of the decedent shall be deemed to be a personal representative to the extent of the property and the Minnesota estate tax due with respect to the property.

(7) "Resident decedent" means an individual whose domicile at the time of death was in Minnesota. The provisions of section 290.01, subdivision 7, paragraphs (c) and (d), apply to determinations of domicile under this chapter.

(8) "Situs of property" means, with respect to:

(i) real property, the state or country in which it is located;

(ii) tangible personal property, the state or country in which it was normally kept or located at the time of the decedent's death or for a gift of tangible personal property within three years of death, the state or country in which it was normally kept or located when the gift was executed;

(iii) a qualified work of art, as defined in section 2503(g)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, owned by a nonresident decedent and that is normally kept or located in this state because it is on loan to an organization, qualifying as exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, that is located in Minnesota, the situs of the art is deemed to be outside of Minnesota, notwithstanding the provisions of item (ii); and

(iv) intangible personal property, the state or country in which the decedent was domiciled at death or for a gift of intangible personal property within three years of death, the state or country in which the decedent was domiciled when the gift was executed.

For a nonresident decedent with an ownership interest in a pass-through entity with assets that include real or tangible personal property, situs of the real or tangible personal property, including qualified works of art, is determined as if the pass-through entity does not exist and the real or tangible personal property is personally owned by the decedent. If the pass-through entity is owned by a person or persons in addition to the decedent, ownership of the property is attributed to the decedent in proportion to the decedent's capital ownership share of the pass-through entity.

(9) "Pass-through entity" includes the following:

(i) an entity electing S corporation status under section 1362 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(ii) an entity taxed as a partnership under subchapter K of the Internal Revenue Code;

(iii) a single-member limited liability company or similar entity, regardless of whether it is taxed as an association or is disregarded for federal income tax purposes under Code of Federal Regulations, title 26, section 301.7701-3; or

(iv) a trust to the extent the property is includable in the decedent's federal gross estate; but excludes

(v) an entity whose ownership interest securities are traded on an exchange regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission as a national securities exchange under section 6 of the Securities Exchange Act, United States Code, title 15, section 78f.

Subd. 2.

Incorporation by reference of Uniform Probate Code definitions.

The definitions set forth in section 524.1-201, wherever appropriate to the administration of the provisions of this chapter are incorporated by reference.

291.01 TAX IMPOSED.

A tax is hereby imposed upon the transfer of estates of decedents as prescribed by this chapter.

291.016 MINNESOTA TAXABLE ESTATE.

Subdivision 1.

General.

For purposes of the tax under this chapter, the Minnesota taxable estate equals the federal taxable estate as provided under section 2051 of the Internal Revenue Code, without regard to whether the estate is subject to the federal estate tax:

(1) increased by the value of any property in which the decedent had a qualifying income interest for life and for which an election was made under section 291.03, subdivision 1d, for Minnesota estate tax purposes, but was not made for federal estate tax purposes;

(2) increased by the additions under subdivision 2; and

(3) decreased by the subtraction under subdivision 3.

Subd. 2.

Additions.

The following amounts, to the extent deducted in computing or otherwise excluded from the federal taxable estate, must be added in computing the Minnesota taxable estate:

(1) the amount of the deduction for state death taxes allowed under section 2058 of the Internal Revenue Code;

(2) the amount of the deduction for foreign death taxes allowed under section 2053(d) of the Internal Revenue Code; and

(3) the aggregate amount of taxable gifts as defined in section 2503 of the Internal Revenue Code, made by the decedent within three years of the date of death. For purposes of this clause, the amount of the addition equals the value of the gift under section 2512 of the Internal Revenue Code and excludes any value of the gift included in the federal estate.

Subd. 3.

Subtraction.

(a) For estates of decedents dying after December 31, 2016, a subtraction is allowed in computing the Minnesota taxable estate, equal to the sum of:

(1) the exclusion amount for the year of death under paragraph (b); and

(2) the lesser of:

(i) the value of qualified small business property under section 291.03, subdivision 9, and the value of qualified farm property under section 291.03, subdivision 10; or

(ii) $5,000,000 minus the exclusion amount for the year of death under paragraph (b).

(b) The following exclusion amounts apply for the year of death:

(1) $2,100,000 for decedents dying in 2017;

(2) $2,400,000 for decedents dying in 2018;

(3) $2,700,000 for decedents dying in 2019; and

(4) $3,000,000 for decedents dying in 2020 and thereafter.

(c) The subtraction under this subdivision must not reduce the Minnesota taxable estate to less than zero.

291.03 RATES.

Subdivision 1.

Tax amount.

The tax imposed must be computed by applying to the Minnesota taxable estate the following schedule of rates and then the resulting amount multiplied by a fraction, not greater than one, the numerator of which is the value of the Minnesota gross estate plus the value of gifts under section 291.016, subdivision 2, clause (3), with a Minnesota situs, and the denominator of which is the federal gross estate plus the value of gifts under section 291.016, subdivision 2, clause (3):

(a) For estates of decedents dying in 2017:

Amount of Minnesota Taxable Estate Rate of Tax
Not over $5,100,000 12 percent
Over $5,100,000 but not over $7,100,000 $612,000 plus 12.8 percent of the excess over $5,100,000
Over $7,100,000 but not over $8,100,000 $868,000 plus 13.6 percent of the excess over $7,100,000
Over $8,100,000 but not over $9,100,000 $1,004,000 plus 14.4 percent of the excess over $8,100,000
Over $9,100,000 but not over $10,100,000 $1,148,000 plus 15.2 percent of the excess over $9,100,000
Over $10,100,000 $1,300,000 plus 16 percent of the excess over $10,100,000

(b) For estates of decedents dying in 2018 and thereafter:

Amount of Minnesota Taxable Estate Rate of Tax
Not over $7,100,000 13 percent
Over $7,100,000 but not over $8,100,000 $923,000 plus 13.6 percent of the excess over $7,100,000
Over $8,100,000 but not over $9,100,000 $1,059,000 plus 14.4 percent of the excess over $8,100,000
Over $9,100,000 but not over $10,100,000 $1,203,000 plus 15.2 percent of the excess over $9,100,000
Over $10,100,000 $1,355,000 plus 16 percent of the excess over $10,100,000

Subd. 1a.

Expenses disallowed.

For the purposes of this section, expenses which are deducted for federal income tax purposes under section 642(g) of the Internal Revenue Code are not allowable in computing the tax under this chapter.

Subd. 1d.

Elections.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the value of the Minnesota taxable estate is determined by taking into account the deduction available under section 2056(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. An election under section 2056(b) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made for Minnesota estate tax purposes regardless of whether the election is made for federal estate tax purposes. The value of the gross estate includes the value of any property in which the decedent had a qualifying income interest for life for which an election was made under this subdivision.

(b) Except for an election made under section 2056(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, no federal election is allowable in computing the tax under this chapter unless the estate is required to file a federal estate tax return, the election is made on the federal estate tax return, and the election is allowed under federal law.

Subd. 8.

Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given in this subdivision.

(b) "Family member" means a family member as defined in section 2032A(e)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, or a trust whose present beneficiaries are all family members as defined in section 2032A(e)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) "Qualified heir" means a family member who acquired qualified property upon the death of the decedent and satisfies the requirement under subdivision 9, clause (8), or subdivision 10, clause (5), for the property.

(d) "Qualified property" means qualified small business property under subdivision 9 and qualified farm property under subdivision 10.

Subd. 9.

Qualified small business property.

Property satisfying all of the following requirements is qualified small business property:

(1) The value of the property was included in the federal adjusted taxable estate.

(2) The property consists of the assets of a trade or business or shares of stock or other ownership interests in a corporation or other entity engaged in a trade or business. Shares of stock in a corporation or an ownership interest in another type of entity do not qualify under this subdivision if the shares or ownership interests are traded on a public stock exchange at any time during the three-year period ending on the decedent's date of death. For purposes of this subdivision, an ownership interest includes the interest the decedent is deemed to own under sections 2036, 2037, 2038, 2040, or 2044 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(3) During the taxable year that ended before the decedent's death, the trade or business must not have been a passive activity within the meaning of section 469(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the decedent or the decedent's spouse must have materially participated in the trade or business within the meaning of section 469(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, excluding section 469(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and any other provision provided by United States Treasury Department regulation that substitutes material participation in prior taxable years for material participation in the taxable year that ended before the decedent's death.

(4) The gross annual sales of the trade or business were $10,000,000 or less for the last taxable year that ended before the date of the death of the decedent.

(5) The property does not include:

(i) cash;

(ii) cash equivalents;

(iii) publicly traded securities; or

(iv) any assets not used in the operation of the trade or business.

(6) For property consisting of shares of stock or other ownership interests in an entity, the value of items described in clause (5) must be excluded in the valuation of the decedent's interest in the entity.

(7) The decedent or the decedent's spouse continuously owned the property, or an undivided or joint interest in the property, including property the decedent or the decedent's spouse is deemed to own under sections 2036, 2037, 2038, 2040, or 2044 of the Internal Revenue Code, or under subdivision 1d, for the three-year period ending on the date of death of the decedent. In the case of a sole proprietor, if the property replaced similar property within the three-year period, the replacement property will be treated as having been owned for the three-year period ending on the date of death of the decedent. For the purposes of the three-year holding period under this clause, any ownership by the decedent's spouse, whether the spouse predeceases or survives the decedent, is attributed to the decedent.

(8) For three years following the date of death of the decedent, the trade or business is not a passive activity within the meaning of section 469(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, and a family member materially participates in the operation of the trade or business within the meaning of section 469(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, excluding section 469(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code and any other provision provided by United States Treasury Department regulation that substitutes material participation in prior taxable years for material participation in the three years following the date of death of the decedent.

(9) The estate and the qualified heir elect to treat the property as qualified small business property and agree, in the form prescribed by the commissioner, to pay the recapture tax under subdivision 11, if applicable.

Subd. 10.

Qualified farm property.

Property satisfying all of the following requirements is qualified farm property:

(1) The value of the property was included in the federal adjusted taxable estate.

(2) The property consists of agricultural land and is owned by a person or entity that is either not subject to or is in compliance with section 500.24.

(3) For property taxes payable in the taxable year of the decedent's death, the property is classified as class 2a property under section 273.13, subdivision 23, and is classified as agricultural homestead, agricultural relative homestead, or special agricultural homestead under section 273.124.

(4) The decedent or the decedent's spouse continuously owned the property, or an undivided or joint interest in the property, including property the decedent or the decedent's spouse is deemed to own under sections 2036, 2037, 2038, 2040, or 2044 of the Internal Revenue Code, or under subdivision 1d, for the three-year period ending on the date of death of the decedent either by ownership of the agricultural land or pursuant to holding an interest in an entity that is not subject to or is in compliance with section 500.24. For the purposes of the three-year holding period under this clause, any ownership by the decedent's spouse, whether the spouse predeceases or survives the decedent, is attributed to the decedent.

(5) The property is classified for property tax purposes as class 2a property under section 273.13, subdivision 23, for three years following the date of death of the decedent.

(6) The estate and the qualified heir elect to treat the property as qualified farm property and agree, in a form prescribed by the commissioner, to pay the recapture tax under subdivision 11, if applicable.

Subd. 11.

Recapture tax.

(a) If, within three years after the decedent's death and before the death of the qualified heir, the qualified heir disposes of any interest in the qualified property, other than by a disposition to a family member, or a family member ceases to satisfy the requirement under subdivision 9, clause (8); or 10, clause (5), an additional estate tax is imposed on the property. In the case of a sole proprietor, if the qualified heir replaces qualified small business property excluded under subdivision 9 with similar property, then the qualified heir will not be treated as having disposed of an interest in the qualified property.

(b) The amount of the additional tax equals the amount of the exclusion claimed by the estate under subdivision 8, paragraph (d), multiplied by 16 percent.

(c) The additional tax under this subdivision is due on the day which is six months after the date of the disposition or cessation in paragraph (a).

(d) The tax under this subdivision does not apply to the acquisition of title or possession of the qualified property by a federal, state, or local government unit, or any other entity with the power of eminent domain for a public purpose, as defined in section 117.025, subdivision 11, within the three-year holding period.

(e) This subdivision shall not apply as a result of any of the following:

(1) a portion of qualified farm property consisting of less than one-fifth of the acreage of the property is reclassified as class 2b property under section 273.13, subdivision 23, and the qualified heir has not substantially altered the reclassified property during the three-year holding period; or

(2) a portion of qualified farm property classified as class 2a property at the death of the decedent pursuant to section 273.13, subdivision 23, paragraph (a), consisting of a residence, garage, and immediately surrounding one acre of land is reclassified as class 4bb property during the three-year holding period, and the qualified heir has not substantially altered the property.

291.031 CREDIT.

(a) The estate of a nonresident decedent that is subject to tax under this chapter on the value of Minnesota situs property held in a pass-through entity is allowed a credit against the tax due under section 291.03 equal to the lesser of:

(1) the amount of estate or inheritance tax paid to another state that is attributable to the Minnesota situs property held in the pass-through entity; or

(2) the amount of tax due under section 291.03 attributable to the Minnesota situs property held in the pass-through entity.

(b) The amount of tax attributable to the Minnesota situs property held in the pass-through entity must be determined by the increase in the estate or inheritance tax that results from including the market value of the property in the estate or treating the value as a taxable inheritance to the recipient of the property.

291.075 SPECIAL USE VALUATION OF QUALIFIED PROPERTY.

If, after the final determination of the tax imposed by this chapter, the property valued pursuant to section 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code is disposed of or fails to qualify and an additional tax is imposed pursuant to section 2032A(c), any increase in federal gross or taxable estate shall be reported to the commissioner within 90 days of the federal adjustment. Upon notification the commissioner may assess an additional tax in accordance with section 291.03, subdivision 1.

291.12 COLLECTION OF TAX BY REPRESENTATIVE OR TRUSTEE.

Subdivision 1.

Requirement.

Any representative or trustee who has in possession or under control, property, the transfer of which is subject to any tax imposed by this chapter and from which such tax may lawfully be paid by the representative or trustee, shall either deduct the amount of tax due or shall collect from the person entitled to such property, the amount of tax due, together with any accrued interest thereon, before completing the transfer of such property or making delivery thereof and shall pay to the commissioner all taxes and interest so deducted or collected.

Subd. 2.

Liability.

Any representative or trustee having in possession or under control any property to which a person, from whom a tax is known by such representative or trustee to be due under the provisions of this chapter, is entitled, shall be personally liable for the payment of such tax and any interest accrued, to the extent of the value of such property; provided, however, that there shall be no such liability if such property cannot be lawfully used by the representative or trustee for the payment of such taxes or interest.

Subd. 3.

Effect on duty to transfer or deliver property.

No representative or trustee shall be required to transfer or deliver any property in possession or under control unless all taxes and interest due from the person entitled thereto under the provisions of this chapter have either been deducted or collected by the representative or trustee or paid by the transferee to the commissioner.

291.13 TAXES TO BE PAID TO COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE.

Subdivision 1.

Requirement.

All taxes imposed by this chapter shall be paid to the commissioner.

Subd. 3.

Deposit in general fund.

All taxes paid under the provisions of this chapter shall be deposited by the commissioner in the state treasury, and shall belong to and be a part of the general fund of the state.

291.16 POWER OF SALE.

Every executor, administrator, or trustee shall have full power to sell the property embraced in any inheritance, devise, bequest, or legacy to pay the tax imposed by this chapter, in the same manner as entitled by law to do for the payment of the debts of a testator or intestate.

291.21 LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION.

Subdivision 1.

Rights of commissioner.

The commissioner shall have the same rights to apply for letters of administration as are conferred upon creditors by law.

291.215 VALUATION OF ESTATE.

Subdivision 1.

Determination.

All property includable in the Minnesota gross estate of a decedent shall be valued in accordance with the provisions of sections 2031 or 2032 and, if applicable, 2032A, of the Internal Revenue Code and any elections made in valuing the federal gross estate shall be applicable in valuing the Minnesota gross estate. The value of all property includable in the Minnesota gross estate of a decedent may be independently determined under those sections for Minnesota estate tax purposes except:

(1) as otherwise provided in section 291.075; or

(2) if the Internal Revenue Service, after receiving the estate's federal estate tax return, either conducts a separate appraisal of an asset reported on the return or proposes a change in the reported valuation of an asset in the estate, in which case the federal final determination of the value controls.

291.27 UNPAID TAX; OMITTED PROPERTY.

Any tax due and unpaid under the provisions of this chapter may be enforced and collected from any transferee of property included in the Minnesota estate by action in the court of administration of the estate of the decedent or in a court of general jurisdiction by the personal representative of any estate, the attorney general, or the commissioner in the name of the state.

Any property which for any cause is omitted from the Minnesota estate tax return so that its value is not taken into consideration in the determination of the estate tax, may be subsequently taxed against the persons receiving the same, or any part thereof, to the same effect as if included in the estate tax return, except that any personal representative of an estate discharged in the meantime shall not be liable for the payment of such tax. When any property has been omitted in the determination of an estate tax, the tax thereon may be determined and recovered in a civil action brought by the attorney general or the commissioner, in the name of the state, in any court of general jurisdiction.

295.50 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Definitions.

For purposes of sections 295.50 to 295.59, the following terms have the meanings given.

Subd. 1a.

Blood components.

"Blood components" means the parts of the blood that are separated from blood by physical or mechanical means and are intended for transfusion. Blood components do not include blood derivatives.

Subd. 2.

Commissioner.

"Commissioner" is the commissioner of revenue.

Subd. 2a.

Delivered outside of Minnesota.

"Delivered outside of Minnesota" means property which the seller delivers to a common carrier for delivery outside Minnesota, places in the United States mail or parcel post directed to the purchaser outside Minnesota, or delivers to the purchaser outside Minnesota by means of the seller's own delivery vehicles, and which is not later returned to a point within Minnesota, except in the course of interstate commerce.

Subd. 2b.

Emergency medical reasons.

"Emergency medical reasons" means a public health emergency declaration pursuant to United States Code, title 42, section 247d; a national security or peacetime emergency declared by the governor pursuant to section 12.31; or a situation involving an action by the commissioner of health pursuant to section 144.4197, 144.4198, or 151.37, subdivisions 2, paragraph (b), and 10, except that, for purposes of this subdivision, a drug shortage not caused by a public health emergency shall not constitute an emergency medical reason.

Subd. 3.

Gross revenues.

"Gross revenues" are total amounts received in money or otherwise by:

(1) a hospital for patient services;

(2) a surgical center for patient services;

(3) a health care provider, other than a staff model health plan company, for patient services;

(4) a wholesale drug distributor for sale or distribution of legend drugs that are delivered in Minnesota by the wholesale drug distributor, by common carrier, or by mail, unless the legend drugs are delivered to another wholesale drug distributor who sells legend drugs exclusively at wholesale; and

(5) a staff model health plan company as gross premiums for enrollees, co-payments, deductibles, coinsurance, and fees for patient services.

Subd. 4.

Health care provider.

(a) "Health care provider" means:

(1) a person whose health care occupation is regulated or required to be regulated by the state of Minnesota furnishing any or all of the following goods or services directly to a patient or consumer: medical, surgical, optical, visual, dental, hearing, nursing services, drugs, laboratory, diagnostic or therapeutic services;

(2) a person who provides goods and services not listed in clause (1) that qualify for reimbursement under the medical assistance program provided under chapter 256B;

(3) a staff model health plan company;

(4) an ambulance service required to be licensed;

(5) a person who sells or repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear; or

(6) a person providing patient services, who does not otherwise meet the definition of health care provider and is not specifically excluded in clause (b), who employs or contracts with a health care provider as defined in clauses (1) to (5) to perform, supervise, otherwise oversee, or consult with regarding patient services.

(b) Health care provider does not include:

(1) hospitals; medical supplies distributors, except as specified under paragraph (a), clause (5); nursing homes licensed under chapter 144A or licensed in any other jurisdiction; wholesale drug distributors; pharmacies; surgical centers; bus and taxicab transportation, or any other providers of transportation services other than ambulance services required to be licensed; supervised living facilities for persons with developmental disabilities, licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 4665.0100 to 4665.9900; housing with services establishments required to be registered under chapter 144D; board and lodging establishments providing only custodial services that are licensed under chapter 157 and registered under section 157.17 to provide supportive services or health supervision services; adult foster homes as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9555.5105; day training and habilitation services for adults with developmental disabilities as defined in section 252.41, subdivision 3; boarding care homes, as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 4655.0100; and adult day care centers as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9555.9600;

(2) home health agencies as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0175, subpart 15; a person providing personal care services and supervision of personal care services as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0335; a person providing home care nursing services as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0360; and home care providers required to be licensed under chapter 144A for home care services provided under chapter 144A;

(3) a person who employs health care providers solely for the purpose of providing patient services to its employees;

(4) an educational institution that employs health care providers solely for the purpose of providing patient services to its students if the institution does not receive fee for service payments or payments for extended coverage; and

(5) a person who receives all payments for patient services from health care providers, surgical centers, or hospitals for goods and services that are taxable to the paying health care providers, surgical centers, or hospitals, as provided under section 295.53, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), clause (3) or (4), or from a source of funds that is exempt from tax under this chapter.

Subd. 6.

Home health care services.

"Home health care services" are services:

(1) defined under the state medical assistance program as home health agency services provided by a home health agency, personal care services and supervision of personal care services, home care nursing services, and waivered services or services by home care providers required to be licensed under chapter 144A; and

(2) provided at a recipient's residence, if the recipient does not live in a hospital, nursing facility, as defined in section 62A.46, subdivision 3, or intermediate care facility for persons with developmental disabilities as defined in section 256B.055, subdivision 12, paragraph (d).

Subd. 6a.

Hospice care services.

"Hospice care services" are services:

(1) as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0297; and

(2) provided at a recipient's residence, if the recipient does not live in a hospital, nursing facility as defined in section 62A.46, subdivision 3, or intermediate care facility for persons with developmental disabilities as defined in section 256B.055, subdivision 12, paragraph (d).

Subd. 7.

Hospital.

"Hospital" means a hospital licensed under chapter 144, or a hospital licensed by any other jurisdiction.

Subd. 7a.

Manufacturer.

"Manufacturer" has the meaning provided in section 151.01, subdivision 14a.

Subd. 9c.

Person.

"Person" means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, association, governmental unit or agency, or public or private organization of any kind.

Subd. 10a.

Pharmacy.

"Pharmacy" means a pharmacy required to be licensed under chapter 151, or a pharmacy required to be licensed by any other jurisdiction.

Subd. 10b.

Regional treatment center.

"Regional treatment center" means a regional center as defined in section 253B.02, subdivision 18d.

Subd. 10c.

Pharmacy benefits manager.

"Pharmacy benefits manager" means an entity that performs pharmacy benefits management.

Subd. 12b.

Staff model health plan company.

"Staff model health plan company" means a health plan company as defined in section 62Q.01, subdivision 4, which employs one or more types of health care provider to deliver health care services to the health plan company's enrollees.

Subd. 13.

Surgical center.

"Surgical center" is an outpatient surgical center as defined in Minnesota Rules, chapter 4675, or a similar facility located in any other jurisdiction.

Subd. 13a.

Third-party purchaser of health care services.

"Third-party purchaser of health care services" includes but is not limited to a health carrier or community integrated service network that pays for health care services on behalf of patients or that reimburses, indemnifies, compensates, or otherwise insures patients for health care services.

Subd. 14.

Wholesale drug distributor.

"Wholesale drug distributor" means any person engaged in wholesale drug distribution including but not limited to manufacturers; repackagers; own-label distributors; jobbers; brokers; warehouses, including manufacturers' and distributors' warehouses, chain drug warehouses, and wholesale drug warehouses; independent wholesale drug traders; and pharmacies that conduct wholesale drug distribution. A wholesale drug distributor does not include a common carrier or individual hired primarily to transport legend drugs.

Subd. 15.

Legend drug.

"Legend drug" means a drug that is required by federal law to bear one of the following statements: "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription" or "Rx only." Legend drugs do not include nutritional products as defined in Minnesota Rules, part 9505.0325, subpart 1, and blood and blood components.

Subd. 16.

Wholesale drug distribution.

"Wholesale drug distribution" means the sale or distribution of legend drugs to a person other than a consumer or patient, but does not include:

(1) a sale between a division, subsidiary, parent, affiliated, or related company under the common ownership and control of a corporate entity;

(2) the purchase or other acquisition, by a hospital or other health care entity that is a member of a group purchasing organization, of a legend drug for its own use from the organization or from other hospitals or health care entities that are members of such organizations;

(3) the sale, purchase, or trade of a legend drug by a charitable organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended through December 31, 1988, to a nonprofit affiliate of the organization to the extent otherwise permitted by law;

(4) the sale, purchase, or trade of a legend drug among hospitals or other health care entities that are under common control;

(5) the sale, purchase, or trade of a legend drug for emergency medical reasons;

(6) the transfer of legend drugs by a retail pharmacy to another retail pharmacy to alleviate a temporary shortage; or

(7) the distribution of legend drug samples by manufacturer representatives.

295.51 MINIMUM CONTACTS REQUIRED FOR JURISDICTION TO TAX GROSS REVENUE.

Subdivision 1.

Business transactions in Minnesota.

A hospital, surgical center, or health care provider is subject to tax under sections 295.50 to 295.59 if it is "transacting business in Minnesota." A hospital, surgical center, or health care provider is transacting business in Minnesota if it maintains contacts with or presence in the state of Minnesota sufficient to permit taxation of gross revenues received for patient services under the United States Constitution.

Subd. 1a.

Nexus in Minnesota.

(a) To the extent allowed by the United States Constitution and the laws of the United States, a person who is a wholesale drug distributor, a person subject to tax under section 295.52, subdivision 4, or a person who sells or repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter if the person:

(1) has or maintains within this state, directly or by a subsidiary or an affiliate, an office, place of distribution, sales, storage, or sample room or place, warehouse, or other place of business, including the employment of a resident of this state who works from a home office in this state;

(2) has a representative, including but not limited to an employee, affiliate, agent, salesperson, canvasser, solicitor, independent contractor, or other third party operating in this state under the person's authority or the authority of the person's subsidiary, for any purpose, including the repairing, selling, delivering, installing, facilitating sales, processing sales, or soliciting of orders for the person's goods or services, or the leasing of tangible personal property located in this state, whether the place of business or the agent, representative, affiliate, salesperson, canvasser, or solicitor is located in the state permanently or temporarily, or whether or not the person, subsidiary, or affiliate is authorized to do business in this state;

(3) owns or leases real property that is located in this state; or

(4) owns or leases tangible personal property that is present in this state, including but not limited to mobile property.

(b) To the extent allowed by the United States Constitution and the laws of the United States, a person who is a wholesale drug distributor, or a person who is subject to tax under section 295.52, subdivision 4, is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter if the person:

(1) conducts a trade or business not described in paragraph (a) and sells, delivers, or distributes legend drugs from outside this state to a destination within this state by common carrier or otherwise; and

(2) meets one of the following thresholds:

(i) makes 200 or more sales, deliveries, or distributions described in clause (1) during any taxable year;

(ii) the gross revenues of a wholesale drug distributor that sells, delivers, or distributes legend drugs as described in clause (1) totals more than $100,000 during any taxable year; or

(iii) the price paid by a person who is subject to tax under section 295.52, subdivision 4, totals more than $100,000 for legend drugs that the person sells, delivers, or distributes as described in clause (1) during any taxable year.

(c) To the extent allowed by the United States Constitution and the laws of the United States, a person who sells or repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear is subject to the taxes imposed by this chapter if the person:

(1) conducts a trade or business not described in paragraph (a) and:

(i) sells, delivers, or distributes hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear from outside of this state to a destination within this state by common carrier or otherwise; or

(ii) repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear outside of this state and delivers or distributes the hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear to a destination within this state by common carrier or otherwise; and

(2) meets one of the following thresholds:

(i) makes 200 or more sales, deliveries, distributions, or repairs described in clause (1) during any taxable year; or

(ii) the gross revenues of the person who sells, delivers, distributes, or repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear described in clause (1) totals more than $100,000 during any taxable year.

(d) Once a taxpayer has established nexus with Minnesota under paragraph (b) or (c), the taxpayer must continue to file an annual return and remit taxes for subsequent years. A taxpayer who has established nexus under paragraph (b) or (c) is no longer required to file an annual return and remit taxes if the taxpayer:

(1) ceases to engage in the activities or no longer meets any of the applicable thresholds in paragraph (b) or (c) for an entire taxable year; and

(2) notifies the commissioner by March 15 of the following calendar year, in a manner prescribed by the commissioner, that the taxpayer no longer engages in any of the activities or no longer meets any of the applicable thresholds in paragraph (b) or (c).

(e) If, after notifying the commissioner pursuant to paragraph (d), the taxpayer subsequently engages in any of the activities and meets any of the applicable thresholds in paragraph (b) or (c), the taxpayer shall again comply with the applicable requirements of paragraphs (b) to (d).

295.52 TAXES IMPOSED.

Subdivision 1.

Hospital tax.

A tax is imposed on each hospital equal to 1.8 percent of its gross revenues.

Subd. 1a.

Surgical center tax.

A tax is imposed on each surgical center equal to 1.8 percent of its gross revenues.

Subd. 2.

Provider tax.

A tax is imposed on each health care provider equal to 1.8 percent of its gross revenues.

Subd. 3.

Wholesale drug distributor tax.

A tax is imposed on each wholesale drug distributor equal to 1.8 percent of its gross revenues.

Subd. 4.

Use tax; legend drugs.

(a) A person that receives legend drugs for resale or use in Minnesota, other than from a wholesale drug distributor that is subject to tax under subdivision 3, is subject to a tax equal to the price paid for the legend drugs multiplied by 1.8 percent. Liability for the tax is incurred when legend drugs are received or delivered in Minnesota by the person.

(b) A tax imposed under this subdivision does not apply to purchases by an individual for personal consumption.

Subd. 4a.

Tax collection.

A wholesale drug distributor with nexus in Minnesota, who is not subject to tax under subdivision 3, on all or a particular transaction is required to collect the tax imposed under subdivision 4, from the purchaser of the drugs and give the purchaser a receipt for the tax paid. The tax collected shall be remitted to the commissioner in the manner prescribed by section 295.55, subdivision 3.

Subd. 5.

Volunteer ambulance services.

Volunteer ambulance services are not subject to the tax under this section. For purposes of this requirement, "volunteer ambulance service" means an ambulance service in which all of the individuals whose primary responsibility is direct patient care meet the definition of volunteer under section 144E.001, subdivision 15. The ambulance service may employ administrative and support staff, and remain eligible for this exemption, if the primary responsibility of these staff is not direct patient care.

Subd. 6.

Hearing aids and prescription eyewear.

The tax liability of a person who meets the definition of a health care provider solely because the person sells or repairs hearing aids and related equipment or prescription eyewear is limited to the gross revenues received from the sale or repair of these items.

Subd. 8.

Contingent reduction in tax rate.

(a) By December 1 of each year, beginning in 2011, the commissioner of management and budget shall determine the projected balance in the health care access fund for the biennium.

(b) If the commissioner of management and budget determines that the projected balance in the health care access fund for the biennium reflects a ratio of revenues to expenditures and transfers greater than 125 percent, and if the actual cash balance in the fund is adequate, as determined by the commissioner of management and budget, the commissioner, in consultation with the commissioner of revenue, shall reduce the tax rates levied under subdivisions 1, 1a, 2, 3, and 4, for the subsequent calendar year sufficient to reduce the structural balance in the fund. The rate may be reduced to the extent that the projected revenues for the biennium do not exceed 125 percent of expenditures and transfers. The new rate shall be rounded to the nearest one-tenth of one percent. The rate reduction under this paragraph expires at the end of each calendar year and is subject to an annual redetermination by the commissioner of management and budget.

(c) For purposes of the analysis defined in paragraph (b), the commissioner of management and budget shall include projected revenues.

295.53 EXCLUSIONS AND EXEMPTIONS; SPECIAL RULES.

Subd. 2.

Deductions for staff model health plan company.

In addition to the exemptions allowed under subdivision 1, a staff model health plan company may deduct from its gross revenues for the year:

(1) amounts paid to hospitals, surgical centers, and health care providers that are not employees of the staff model health plan company for services on which liability for the tax is imposed under section 295.52;

(2) net amounts added to reserves, to the extent that the amounts added do not cause total reserves to exceed 200 percent of the statutory net worth requirement, the calculation of which may be determined on a consolidated basis, taking into account the amounts held in reserve by affiliated staff model health plan companies;

(3) assessments for the comprehensive health insurance plan under section 62E.11; and

(4) amounts spent for administration as reported as total administration to the Department of Health in the statement of revenues, expenses, and net worth pursuant to section 62D.08, subdivision 3, clause (a).

Subd. 3.

Separate statement of tax.

A hospital, surgical center, health care provider, or wholesale drug distributor must not state the tax obligation under section 295.52 in a deceptive or misleading manner. It must not separately state tax obligations on bills provided to patients, consumers, or other payers when the amount received for the services or goods is not subject to tax.

Pharmacies that separately state the tax obligations on bills provided to consumers or to other payers who purchase legend drugs may state the tax obligation as the wholesale price of the legend drugs multiplied by the tax percentage specified in section 295.52. Pharmacies must not state the tax obligation based on the retail price.

Whenever the commissioner determines that a person has engaged in any act or practice constituting a violation of this subdivision, the commissioner may bring an action in the name of the state in the district court of the appropriate county to enjoin the act or practice and to enforce compliance with this subdivision, or the commissioner may refer the matter to the attorney general or the county attorney of the appropriate county. Upon a proper showing, a permanent or temporary injunction, restraining order, or other appropriate relief must be granted.

Subd. 4a.

Credit for research.

(a) In addition to the exemptions allowed under subdivision 1, a hospital or health care provider may claim an annual credit against the total amount of tax, if any, the hospital or health care provider owes for that calendar year under sections 295.50 to 295.57. The credit shall equal 2.5 percent of revenues for patient services used to fund expenditures for qualifying research conducted by an allowable research program. The amount of the credit shall not exceed the tax liability of the hospital or health care provider under sections 295.50 to 295.57.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, the following requirements apply:

(1) expenditures must be for program costs of qualifying research conducted by an allowable research program;

(2) an allowable research program must be a formal program of medical and health care research conducted by an entity which is exempt under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code as defined in section 289A.02, subdivision 7, or is owned and operated under authority of a governmental unit;

(3) qualifying research must:

(A) be approved in writing by the governing body of the hospital or health care provider which is taking the deduction under this subdivision;

(B) have as its purpose the development of new knowledge in basic or applied science relating to the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the human body;

(C) be subject to review by individuals with expertise in the subject matter of the proposed study but who have no financial interest in the proposed study and are not involved in the conduct of the proposed study; and

(D) be subject to review and supervision by an institutional review board operating in conformity with federal regulations if the research involves human subjects or an institutional animal care and use committee operating in conformity with federal regulations if the research involves animal subjects. Research expenses are not exempt if the study is a routine evaluation of health care methods or products used in a particular setting conducted for the purpose of making a management decision. Costs of clinical research activities paid directly for the benefit of an individual patient are excluded from this exemption. Basic research in fields including biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology are also included if such programs are subject to a peer review process.

(c) No credit shall be allowed under this subdivision for any revenue received by the hospital or health care provider in the form of a grant, gift, or otherwise, whether from a government or nongovernment source, on which the tax liability under section 295.52 is not imposed.

(d) The taxpayer shall apply for the credit under this section on the annual return under section 295.55, subdivision 5.

(e) Beginning September 1, 2001, if the actual or estimated amount paid under this section for the calendar year exceeds $2,500,000, the commissioner of management and budget shall determine the rate of the research credit for the following calendar year to the nearest one-half percent so that refunds paid under this section will most closely equal $2,500,000. The commissioner of management and budget shall publish in the State Register by October 1 of each year the rate of the credit for the following calendar year. A determination under this section is not subject to the rulemaking provisions of chapter 14.

295.54 CREDIT FOR TAXES PAID.

Subdivision 1.

Taxes paid to another state.

A hospital, surgical center, or health care provider that has paid taxes to another jurisdiction measured by gross revenues and is subject to tax under sections 295.52 to 295.59 on the same gross revenues is entitled to a credit for the tax legally due and paid to another jurisdiction to the extent of the lesser of (1) the tax actually paid to the other jurisdiction, or (2) the amount of tax imposed by Minnesota on the gross revenues subject to tax in the other taxing jurisdictions.

Subd. 2.

Pharmacy refund.

A pharmacy may claim an annual refund against the total amount of tax, if any, the pharmacy owes during that calendar year under section 295.52, subdivision 4. The refund shall equal the amount paid by the pharmacy to a wholesale drug distributor subject to tax under section 295.52, subdivision 3, for legend drugs delivered by the pharmacy outside of Minnesota, multiplied by the tax percentage specified in section 295.52, subdivision 3. If the amount of the refund exceeds the tax liability of the pharmacy under section 295.52, subdivision 4, the commissioner shall provide the pharmacy with a refund equal to the excess amount. Each qualifying pharmacy must apply for the refund on the annual return as prescribed by the commissioner, on or before March 15 of the year following the calendar year the legend drugs were delivered outside Minnesota. The refund shall not be allowed if the initial claim for refund is filed more than one year after the original due date of the return. Interest on refunds paid under this subdivision will begin to accrue 60 days after the date a claim for refund is filed. For purposes of this subdivision, the date a claim is filed is the due date of the return if a return is due or the date of the actual claim for refund, whichever is later.

Subd. 3.

Wholesale drug distributor credit.

A wholesale drug distributor who has paid taxes to another state or province or territory of Canada measured by gross revenues or sales and is subject to tax under sections 295.52 to 295.59 on the same gross revenues or sales is entitled to a credit for the tax legally due and paid to another state or province or territory of Canada to the extent of the lesser of (1) the tax actually paid to the other state or province or territory of Canada or (2) the amount of tax imposed by Minnesota on the gross revenues or sales subject to tax in the other taxing jurisdictions.

295.55 PAYMENT OF TAX.

Subdivision 1.

Scope.

The provisions of this section apply to the taxes imposed under sections 295.50 to 295.58.

Subd. 2.

Estimated tax; hospitals; surgical centers.

(a) Each hospital or surgical center must make estimated payments of the taxes for the calendar year in monthly installments to the commissioner within 15 days after the end of the month.

(b) Estimated tax payments are not required of hospitals or surgical centers if: (1) the tax for the current calendar year is $500 or less; or (2) the tax for the previous calendar year is $500 or less.

(c) Underpayment of estimated installments bear interest at the rate specified in section 270C.40, from the due date of the payment until paid or until the due date of the annual return whichever comes first. An underpayment of an estimated installment is the difference between the amount paid and the lesser of (1) 90 percent of one-twelfth of the tax for the calendar year or (2) one-twelfth of the total tax for the previous calendar year.

Subd. 3.

Estimated tax; other taxpayers.

(a) Each taxpayer, other than a hospital or surgical center, must make estimated payments of the taxes for the calendar year in quarterly installments to the commissioner by April 15, July 15, October 15, and January 15 of the following calendar year.

(b) Estimated tax payments are not required if: (1) the tax for the current calendar year is $500 or less; or (2) the tax for the previous calendar year is $500 or less.

(c) Underpayment of estimated installments bear interest at the rate specified in section 270C.40, from the due date of the payment until paid or until the due date of the annual return whichever comes first. An underpayment of an estimated installment is the difference between the amount paid and the lesser of (1) 90 percent of one-quarter of the tax for the calendar year or (2) one-quarter of the total tax for the previous calendar year.

Subd. 4.

Electronic payments.

A taxpayer with an aggregate tax liability of $10,000 or more in a fiscal year ending June 30 must remit all liabilities by electronic means in all subsequent calendar years.

Subd. 5.

Annual return.

The taxpayer must file an annual return reconciling the estimated payments by March 15 of the following calendar year.

Subd. 6.

Form of returns.

The commissioner shall prescribe the content, format, and manner of the estimated payment forms and annual return pursuant to section 270C.30.

Subd. 7.

Extensions for filing returns.

If good cause exists, the commissioner may extend the time for filing MinnesotaCare tax returns for not more than 60 days.

295.56 TRANSFER OF ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE.

When a hospital, surgical center, health care provider, or wholesale drug distributor transfers, assigns, or sells accounts receivable to another person who is subject to tax under this chapter, liability for the tax on the accounts receivable is imposed on the transferee, assignee, or buyer of the accounts receivable. No liability for these accounts receivable is imposed on the transferor, assignor, or seller of the accounts receivable.

295.57 COLLECTION AND ENFORCEMENT; REFUNDS; APPLICATION OF OTHER CHAPTERS; ACCESS TO RECORDS; INTEREST ON OVERPAYMENTS.

Subdivision 1.

Application of other chapters.

Unless specifically provided otherwise by sections 295.50 to 295.59, the interest, criminal penalties, and refunds provisions in chapter 289A, the civil penalty provisions applicable to withholding and sales taxes under section 289A.60, and the audit, assessment, appeal, collection, enforcement, and administrative provisions of chapters 270C and 289A, apply to taxes imposed under sections 295.50 to 295.59.

Subd. 2.

Access to records.

For purposes of administering the taxes imposed by sections 295.50 to 295.59, the commissioner may access patients' records that contain billing or other financial information without prior consent from the patients. The data collected is classified as private or nonpublic data.

Subd. 3.

Interest on overpayments.

Interest must be paid on an overpayment refunded or credited to the taxpayer in the manner provided in section 289A.56, subdivision 2.

Subd. 4.

Sampling techniques.

The commissioner may use statistical or other sampling techniques consistent with generally accepted auditing standards in examining returns or records and making assessments.

Subd. 5.

Exemption for amounts paid for legend drugs.

If a hospital, surgical center, or health care provider cannot determine the actual cost or reimbursement of legend drugs under the exemption provided in section 295.53, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), clause (5), the following method must be used:

A hospital, surgical center, or health care provider must determine the amount paid for legend drugs used during the month or quarter and multiply that amount by a ratio, the numerator of which is the total amount received for taxable patient services, and the denominator of which is the total amount received for all patient services, including amounts exempt under section 295.53, subdivision 1, paragraph (b). The result represents the allowable exemption for the monthly or quarterly cost of drugs.

295.58 DEPOSIT OF REVENUES AND PAYMENT OF REFUNDS.

The commissioner shall deposit all revenues, including penalties and interest, derived from the taxes imposed by sections 295.50 to 295.57 and from the insurance premiums tax imposed by section 297I.05, subdivision 5, on health maintenance organizations, community integrated service networks, and nonprofit health service plan corporations in the health care access fund. There is annually appropriated from the health care access fund to the commissioner of revenue the amount necessary to make refunds under this chapter.

295.581 PROHIBITION ON NON-MINNESOTACARE TRANSFERS FROM FUND.

Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, and notwithstanding section 645.33, money in the health care access fund shall be appropriated only for purposes that are consistent with past and current MinnesotaCare appropriations in Laws 1992, chapter 549; Laws 1993, chapter 345; Laws 1994, chapter 625; and Laws 1995, chapter 234, or for initiatives that are part of the section 1115 of the Social Security Act health care reform waiver submitted to the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services by the commissioner of human services as appropriated in Laws 1995, chapter 234.

295.582 AUTHORITY.

Subdivision 1.

Tax expense transfer.

(a) The tax expense generated by section 295.52 may be transferred as follows:

(1) a hospital, surgical center, or health care provider subject to the tax under section 295.52 may transfer the tax expense to all third-party contracts for the purchase of health care services on behalf of a patient or consumer;

(2) a wholesale drug distributor subject to the tax under section 295.52 may transfer the tax expense to entities that purchase legend drugs from the wholesale drug distributor; and

(3) a pharmacy that has paid the tax expense transferred by a wholesale drug distributor may transfer the tax expense to all third-party contracts for the purchase of health care services on behalf of a patient or consumer. Nothing shall prohibit a pharmacy from transferring the tax expense generated under section 295.52 to a pharmacy benefits manager.

(b) The transfer of the tax expense under paragraph (a) must comply with the following:

(1) the tax expense transferred to the third-party purchaser or a pharmacy benefits manager must not exceed the tax percentage specified in section 295.52 multiplied against:

(i) gross revenues received under the third-party contract; and

(ii) co-payments and deductibles paid by the individual patient or consumer; and

(2) the tax expense must not be generated on revenues derived from payments that are excluded or exempted from the tax under section 295.53.

(c) Payment of the transferred tax expense is required as follows:

(1) all third-party purchasers of health care services, including but not limited to third-party purchasers regulated under chapter 60A, 62A, 62C, 62D, 62H, 62N, 64B, 65A, 65B, 79, or 79A, or under section 471.61 or 471.617, and pharmacy benefits managers must pay the transferred expense. This is in addition to any payments due under existing contracts with the hospital, surgical center, pharmacy, or health care provider, to the extent allowed under federal law; and

(2) all entities that purchase legend drugs from a wholesale drug distributor must pay the transferred expense.

(d) A third-party purchaser or pharmacy benefits manager must comply with this section regardless of whether the third-party purchaser or pharmacy benefits manager is a for-profit, not-for-profit, or nonprofit entity.

(e) Nothing in this section limits the ability of a hospital, surgical center, health care provider, pharmacy, or wholesale drug distributor to recover all or part of the section 295.52 obligation by other methods, including increasing fees or charges.

(f) Any hospital, surgical center, or health care provider subject to a tax under section 295.52 or a pharmacy that has paid the additional expense transferred under this section by a wholesale drug distributor may file a complaint with the commissioner responsible for regulating the third-party purchaser if at any time the third-party purchaser fails to comply with this section.

(g) If the commissioner responsible for regulating the third-party purchaser finds at any time that the third-party purchaser has not complied with this section, the commissioner may take enforcement action against a third-party purchaser which is subject to the commissioner's regulatory jurisdiction and which does not allow a hospital, surgical center, pharmacy, or provider to pass-through the tax expense. The commissioner may by order fine or censure the third-party purchaser or revoke or suspend the certificate of authority or license of the third-party purchaser to do business in this state if the commissioner finds that the third-party purchaser has not complied with this section. The third-party purchaser may appeal the commissioner's order through a contested case hearing in accordance with chapter 14.

Subd. 2.

Agreement.

A contracting agreement between a third-party purchaser or a pharmacy benefits manager and a resident or nonresident pharmacy registered under chapter 151, may not prohibit:

(1) a pharmacy that has paid additional expense transferred under this section by a wholesale drug distributor from exercising its option under this section to transfer such additional expenses generated by the section 295.52 obligations on to the third-party purchaser or pharmacy benefits manager; or

(2) a pharmacy that is subject to tax under section 295.52, subdivision 4, from exercising its option under this section to recover all or part of the section 295.52 obligations from the third-party purchaser or a pharmacy benefits manager.

295.59 SEVERABILITY.

If any section, subdivision, clause, or phrase of sections 295.50 to 295.582 is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or in violation of federal law, the decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of sections 295.50 to 295.582. The legislature declares that it would have passed sections 295.50 to 295.582 and each section, subdivision, sentence, clause, and phrase thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more sections, subdivisions, sentences, clauses, or phrases is declared unconstitutional.

297A.61 DEFINITIONS.

Subd. 3.

Sale and purchase.

(a) "Sale" and "purchase" include, but are not limited to, each of the transactions listed in this subdivision. In applying the provisions of this chapter, the terms "tangible personal property" and "retail sale" include the taxable services listed in paragraph (g), clause (6), items (i) to (vi) and (viii), and the provision of these taxable services, unless specifically provided otherwise. Services performed by an employee for an employer are not taxable. Services performed by a partnership or association for another partnership or association are not taxable if one of the entities owns or controls more than 80 percent of the voting power of the equity interest in the other entity. Services performed between members of an affiliated group of corporations are not taxable. For purposes of the preceding sentence, "affiliated group of corporations" means those entities that would be classified as members of an affiliated group as defined under United States Code, title 26, section 1504, disregarding the exclusions in section 1504(b).

(b) Sale and purchase include:

(1) any transfer of title or possession, or both, of tangible personal property, whether absolutely or conditionally, for a consideration in money or by exchange or barter; and

(2) the leasing of or the granting of a license to use or consume, for a consideration in money or by exchange or barter, tangible personal property, other than a manufactured home used for residential purposes for a continuous period of 30 days or more.

(c) Sale and purchase include the production, fabrication, printing, or processing of tangible personal property for a consideration for consumers who furnish either directly or indirectly the materials used in the production, fabrication, printing, or processing.

(d) Sale and purchase include the preparing for a consideration of food. Notwithstanding section 297A.67, subdivision 2, taxable food includes, but is not limited to, the following:

(1) prepared food sold by the retailer;

(2) soft drinks;

(3) candy; and

(4) dietary supplements.

(e) A sale and a purchase includes the furnishing for a consideration of electricity, gas, water, or steam for use or consumption within this state.

(f) A sale and a purchase includes the transfer for a consideration of prewritten computer software whether delivered electronically, by load and leave, or otherwise.

(g) A sale and a purchase includes the furnishing for a consideration of the following services:

(1) the privilege of admission to places of amusement, recreational areas, or athletic events, and the making available of amusement devices, tanning facilities, reducing salons, steam baths, health clubs, and spas or athletic facilities;

(2) lodging and related services by a hotel, rooming house, resort, campground, motel, or trailer camp, including furnishing the guest of the facility with access to telecommunication services, and the granting of any similar license to use real property in a specific facility, other than the renting or leasing of it for a continuous period of 30 days or more under an enforceable written agreement that may not be terminated without prior notice and including accommodations intermediary services provided in connection with other services provided under this clause;

(3) nonresidential parking services, whether on a contractual, hourly, or other periodic basis, except for parking at a meter;

(4) the granting of membership in a club, association, or other organization if:

(i) the club, association, or other organization makes available for the use of its members sports and athletic facilities, without regard to whether a separate charge is assessed for use of the facilities; and

(ii) use of the sports and athletic facility is not made available to the general public on the same basis as it is made available to members.

Granting of membership means both onetime initiation fees and periodic membership dues. Sports and athletic facilities include golf courses; tennis, racquetball, handball, and squash courts; basketball and volleyball facilities; running tracks; exercise equipment; swimming pools; and other similar athletic or sports facilities;

(5) delivery of aggregate materials by a third party, excluding delivery of aggregate material used in road construction; and delivery of concrete block by a third party if the delivery would be subject to the sales tax if provided by the seller of the concrete block. For purposes of this clause, "road construction" means construction of:

(i) public roads;

(ii) cartways; and

(iii) private roads in townships located outside of the seven-county metropolitan area up to the point of the emergency response location sign; and

(6) services as provided in this clause:

(i) laundry and dry cleaning services including cleaning, pressing, repairing, altering, and storing clothes, linen services and supply, cleaning and blocking hats, and carpet, drapery, upholstery, and industrial cleaning. Laundry and dry cleaning services do not include services provided by coin operated facilities operated by the customer;

(ii) motor vehicle washing, waxing, and cleaning services, including services provided by coin operated facilities operated by the customer, and rustproofing, undercoating, and towing of motor vehicles;

(iii) building and residential cleaning, maintenance, and disinfecting services and pest control and exterminating services;

(iv) detective, security, burglar, fire alarm, and armored car services; but not including services performed within the jurisdiction they serve by off-duty licensed peace officers as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, or services provided by a nonprofit organization or any organization at the direction of a county for monitoring and electronic surveillance of persons placed on in-home detention pursuant to court order or under the direction of the Minnesota Department of Corrections;

(v) pet grooming services;

(vi) lawn care, fertilizing, mowing, spraying and sprigging services; garden planting and maintenance; tree, bush, and shrub pruning, bracing, spraying, and surgery; indoor plant care; tree, bush, shrub, and stump removal, except when performed as part of a land clearing contract as defined in section 297A.68, subdivision 40; and tree trimming for public utility lines. Services performed under a construction contract for the installation of shrubbery, plants, sod, trees, bushes, and similar items are not taxable;

(vii) massages, except when provided by a licensed health care facility or professional or upon written referral from a licensed health care facility or professional for treatment of illness, injury, or disease; and

(viii) the furnishing of lodging, board, and care services for animals in kennels and other similar arrangements, but excluding veterinary and horse boarding services.

(h) A sale and a purchase includes the furnishing for a consideration of tangible personal property or taxable services by the United States or any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or the state of Minnesota, its agencies, instrumentalities, or political subdivisions.

(i) A sale and a purchase includes the furnishing for a consideration of telecommunications services, ancillary services associated with telecommunication services, and pay television services. Telecommunication services include, but are not limited to, the following services, as defined in section 297A.669: air-to-ground radiotelephone service, mobile telecommunication service, postpaid calling service, prepaid calling service, prepaid wireless calling service, and private communication services. The services in this paragraph are taxed to the extent allowed under federal law.

(j) A sale and a purchase includes the furnishing for a consideration of installation if the installation charges would be subject to the sales tax if the installation were provided by the seller of the item being installed.

(k) A sale and a purchase includes the rental of a vehicle by a motor vehicle dealer to a customer when (1) the vehicle is rented by the customer for a consideration, or (2) the motor vehicle dealer is reimbursed pursuant to a service contract as defined in section 59B.02, subdivision 11.

(l) A sale and a purchase includes furnishing for a consideration of specified digital products or other digital products or granting the right for a consideration to use specified digital products or other digital products on a temporary or permanent basis and regardless of whether the purchaser is required to make continued payments for such right. Wherever the term "tangible personal property" is used in this chapter, other than in subdivisions 10 and 38, the provisions also apply to specified digital products, or other digital products, unless specifically provided otherwise or the context indicates otherwise.

(m) The sale of the privilege of admission under section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (1), to a place of amusement, recreational area, or athletic event includes all charges included in the privilege of admission's sales price, without deduction for amenities that may be provided, unless the amenities are separately stated and the purchaser of the privilege of admission is entitled to add or decline the amenities, and the amenities are not otherwise taxable.

Subd. 4.

Retail sale.

(a) A "retail sale" means:

(1) any sale, lease, or rental of tangible personal property for any purpose, other than resale, sublease, or subrent of items by the purchaser in the normal course of business as defined in subdivision 21; and

(2) any sale of a service enumerated in subdivision 3, for any purpose other than resale by the purchaser in the normal course of business as defined in subdivision 21.

(b) A sale of property used by the owner only by leasing it to others or by holding it in an effort to lease it, and put to no use by the owner other than resale after the lease or effort to lease, is a sale of property for resale.

(c) A sale of master computer software that is purchased and used to make copies for sale or lease is a sale of property for resale.

(d) A sale of building materials, supplies, and equipment to owners, contractors, subcontractors, or builders for the erection of buildings or the alteration, repair, or improvement of real property is a retail sale in whatever quantity sold, whether the sale is for purposes of resale in the form of real property or otherwise.

(e) A sale of carpeting, linoleum, or similar floor covering to a person who provides for installation of the floor covering is a retail sale and not a sale for resale since a sale of floor covering which includes installation is a contract for the improvement of real property.

(f) A sale of shrubbery, plants, sod, trees, and similar items to a person who provides for installation of the items is a retail sale and not a sale for resale since a sale of shrubbery, plants, sod, trees, and similar items that includes installation is a contract for the improvement of real property.

(g) A sale of tangible personal property that is awarded as prizes is a retail sale and is not considered a sale of property for resale.

(h) A sale of tangible personal property utilized or employed in the furnishing or providing of services under subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (1), including, but not limited to, property given as promotional items, is a retail sale and is not considered a sale of property for resale.

(i) A sale of tangible personal property used in conducting lawful gambling under chapter 349 or the State Lottery under chapter 349A, including, but not limited to, property given as promotional items, is a retail sale and is not considered a sale of property for resale.

(j) a sale of machines, equipment, or devices that are used to furnish, provide, or dispense goods or services, including, but not limited to, coin-operated devices, is a retail sale and is not considered a sale of property for resale.

(k) In the case of a lease, a retail sale occurs (1) when an obligation to make a lease payment becomes due under the terms of the agreement or the trade practices of the lessor or (2) in the case of a lease of a motor vehicle, as defined in section 297B.01, subdivision 11, but excluding vehicles with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating greater than 10,000 pounds and rentals of vehicles for not more than 28 days, at the time the lease is executed.

(l) In the case of a conditional sales contract, a retail sale occurs upon the transfer of title or possession of the tangible personal property.

(m) A sale of a bundled transaction in which one or more of the products included in the bundle is a taxable product is a retail sale, except that if one of the products is a telecommunication service, ancillary service, Internet access, or audio or video programming service, and the seller has maintained books and records identifying through reasonable and verifiable standards the portions of the price that are attributable to the distinct and separately identifiable products, then the products are not considered part of a bundled transaction. For purposes of this paragraph:

(1) the books and records maintained by the seller must be maintained in the regular course of business, and do not include books and records created and maintained by the seller primarily for tax purposes;

(2) books and records maintained in the regular course of business include, but are not limited to, financial statements, general ledgers, invoicing and billing systems and reports, and reports for regulatory tariffs and other regulatory matters; and

(3) books and records are maintained primarily for tax purposes when the books and records identify taxable and nontaxable portions of the price, but the seller maintains other books and records that identify different prices attributable to the distinct products included in the same bundled transaction.

(n) A sale of motor vehicle repair paint and materials by a motor vehicle repair or body shop business is a retail sale and the sales tax is imposed on the gross receipts from the retail sale of the paint and materials. The motor vehicle repair or body shop that purchases motor vehicle repair paint and motor vehicle repair materials for resale must either:

(1) separately state each item of paint and each item of materials, and the sales price of each, on the invoice to the purchaser; or

(2) in order to calculate the sales price of the paint and materials, use a method which estimates the amount and monetary value of the paint and materials used in the repair of the motor vehicle by multiplying the number of labor hours by a rate of consideration for the paint and materials used in the repair of the motor vehicle following industry standard practices that fairly calculate the gross receipts from the retail sale of the motor vehicle repair paint and motor vehicle repair materials. An industry standard practice fairly calculates the gross receipts if the sales price of the paint and materials used or consumed in the repair of a motor vehicle equals or exceeds the purchase price paid by the motor vehicle repair or body shop business. Under this clause, the invoice must either separately state the "paint and materials" as a single taxable item, or separately state "paint" as a taxable item and "materials" as a taxable item. This clause does not apply to wholesale transactions at an auto auction facility.

(o) A sale of specified digital products or other digital products to an end user with or without rights of permanent use and regardless of whether rights of use are conditioned upon payment by the purchaser is a retail sale. When a digital code has been purchased that relates to specified digital products or other digital products, the subsequent receipt of or access to the related specified digital products or other digital products is not a retail sale.

(p) A payment made to a cooperative electric association or public utility as a contribution in aid of construction is a contract for improvement to real property and is not a retail sale.

Subd. 6.

Use.

(a) "Use" includes the exercise of a right or power incident to the ownership of any interest in tangible personal property, or services, purchased from a retailer, other than the sale of that property in the regular course of business.

(b) Use includes the consumption of printed materials in the creation of nontaxable advertising that is distributed, either directly or indirectly, within Minnesota.

Subd. 10.

Tangible personal property.

(a) "Tangible personal property" means personal property that can be seen, weighed, measured, felt, or touched, or that is in any other manner perceptible to the senses. "Tangible personal property" includes, but is not limited to, electricity, water, gas, steam, and prewritten computer software.

(b) Tangible personal property does not include:

(1) property which is subject to an ad valorem property tax;

(2) property described in section 272.02, subdivision 9, clauses (a) to (d);

(3) property described in section 272.03, subdivision 2, clauses (3) and (5); and

(4) specified digital products, or other digital products, transferred electronically.

Subd. 12.

Farm machinery.

(a) "Farm machinery" means new or used machinery, equipment, implements, accessories, and contrivances used directly and principally in agricultural production of tangible personal property intended to be sold ultimately at retail including, but not limited to:

(1) machinery for the preparation, seeding, or cultivation of soil for growing agricultural crops;

(2) barn cleaners, milking systems, grain dryers, feeding systems including stationary feed bunks, and similar installations, whether or not the equipment is installed by the seller and becomes part of the real property; and

(3) irrigation equipment sold for exclusively agricultural use, including pumps, pipe fittings, valves, sprinklers, and other equipment necessary to the operation of an irrigation system when sold as part of an irrigation system, whether or not the equipment is installed by the seller and becomes part of the real property.

(b) Farm machinery does not include:

(1) repair or replacement parts;

(2) tools, shop equipment, grain bins, fencing material, communication equipment, and other farm supplies;

(3) motor vehicles taxed under chapter 297B;

(4) snowmobiles or snow blowers;

(5) lawn mowers except those used in the production of sod for sale, or garden-type tractors or garden tillers; or

(6) machinery, equipment, implements, accessories, and contrivances used directly in the production of horses not raised for slaughter, fur-bearing animals, or research animals.

Subd. 13.

Aquaculture production equipment.

(a) "Aquaculture production equipment" means new or used machinery, equipment, implements, accessories, and contrivances used directly and principally in aquaculture production.

(b) Aquaculture production equipment includes augers and blowers, automatic feed systems, manual feeding equipment, shockers, gill nets, trap nets, seines, box traps, round nets and traps, net pens, dip nets, net washers, floating net supports, floating access walkways, net supports and walkways, growing tanks, holding tanks, troughs, raceways, transport tanks, egg taking equipment, egg hatcheries, egg incubators, egg baskets and troughs, egg graders, egg counting equipment, fish counting equipment, fish graders, fish pumps and loaders, fish elevators, air blowers, air compressors, oxygen generators, oxygen regulators, diffusers and injectors, air supply equipment, oxygenation columns, water coolers and heaters, heat exchangers, water filter systems, water purification systems, waste collection equipment, feed mills, portable scales, feed grinders, feed mixers, feed carts and trucks, power feed wagons, fertilizer spreaders, fertilizer tanks, forage collection equipment, land levelers, loaders, post hole diggers, disc, harrow, plow, and water diversion devices.

(c) Aquaculture production equipment does not include repair or replacement parts for aquaculture production equipment.

Subd. 16a.

Computer.

"Computer" means an electronic device that accepts information in digital or similar form and manipulates it for a result based on a sequence of instructions.

Subd. 16b.

Electronic.

"Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.

Subd. 16c.

Computer software.

"Computer software" means a set of coded instructions designed to cause a computer or automatic data processing equipment to perform a task.

Subd. 17.

Prewritten computer software.

"Prewritten computer software" means computer software, including prewritten upgrades, that is not designed and developed by the author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser. The combining of two or more "prewritten computer software" programs or prewritten portions of the programs does not cause the combination to be other than "prewritten computer software." "Prewritten computer software" includes software designed and developed by the author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser when it is sold to a person other than the specific purchaser. If a person modifies or enhances computer software of which the person is not the author or creator, the person is deemed to be the author or creator only of such person's modifications or enhancements. "Prewritten computer software" or a prewritten portion of it that is modified or enhanced to any degree, if the modification or enhancement is designed and developed to the specifications of a specific purchaser, remains "prewritten computer software"; provided, however, that if there is a reasonable, separately stated charge or an invoice or other statement of the price given to the purchaser for such modification or enhancement, the modification or enhancement does not constitute "prewritten computer software."

Subd. 17a.

Delivered electronically.

"Delivered electronically" means delivered to the purchaser by means other than tangible storage media.

Subd. 17b.

Load and leave.

"Load and leave" means delivered to the purchaser by use of a tangible storage media where the tangible storage media is not physically transferred to the purchaser.

Subd. 18.

Person with a disability.

"Person with a disability" means an individual who has a permanent and total disability as defined in section 273.13, subdivision 22.

Subd. 25.

Pay television service.

"Pay television service" means the transmission of video, audio, or other programming service to purchasers, and the subscriber interaction, if any, required for the selection or use of the programming service, regardless of whether the programming is transmitted over facilities owned or operated by the cable service provider or over facilities owned or operated by one or more dealers of communications services. The term includes point-to-multipoint distribution direct to home satellite services by which programming is transmitted or broadcast by microwave or other equipment directly to the subscriber's premises, or any similar or comparable method of service. The term includes all programming services, including subscriptions, digital video recorders, pay-per-view, and music services.

Subd. 26.

Private communication service.

"Private communication service" means a telecommunication service that entitles the customer to exclusive or priority use of a communication channel or group of channels between or among termination points, regardless of the manner in which the channel or channels are connected, and includes switching capacity, extension lines, stations, and any other associated services that are provided in connection with the use of the channel or channels.

Subd. 30.

Delivery charges.

"Delivery charges" means charges by the seller of personal property or services for preparation and delivery to a location designated by the purchaser of personal property or services including, but not limited to, transportation, shipping, postage, handling, crating, and packing.

Subd. 31.

Prepared food.

"Prepared food" means food that meets either of the following conditions:

(1) the food is sold with eating utensils provided by the seller, including plates, knives, forks, spoons, glasses, cups, napkins, or straws; or

(2) the food is sold in a heated state or heated by the seller or two or more food ingredients are mixed or combined by the seller for sale as a single item, except for:

(i) bakery items, including, but not limited to, bread, rolls, buns, biscuits, bagels, croissants, pastries, donuts, danish, cakes, tortes, pies, tarts, muffins, bars, cookies, tortillas;

(ii) ready-to-eat meat and seafood in an unheated state sold by weight;

(iii) eggs, fish, meat, poultry, and foods containing these raw animal foods requiring cooking by the consumer as recommended by the Food and Drug Administration in chapter 3, part 401.11 of its food code so as to prevent food borne illnesses; or

(iv) food that is only sliced, repackaged, or pasteurized by the seller.

Subd. 32.

Soft drinks.

"Soft drinks" means nonalcoholic beverages that contain natural or artificial sweeteners. Soft drinks do not include beverages that contain milk or milk products; soy, rice, or similar milk substitutes; or greater than 50 percent vegetable or fruit juice by volume.

Subd. 33.

Candy.

"Candy" means a preparation of sugar, honey, or other natural or artificial sweeteners in combination with chocolate, fruits, nuts, or other ingredients or flavorings in the form of bars, drops, or pieces. Candy does not include any preparation containing flour and must require no refrigeration.

Subd. 34.

Taxable food sold through vending machines.

"Taxable food sold through vending machines" means taxable food under section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (d), dispensed from a machine or other device that accepts payment including honor payments.

Subd. 35.

Direct mail.

"Direct mail" means printed material delivered or distributed by United States mail or other delivery service to a mass audience or to addressees on a mailing list provided by the purchaser or at the direction of the purchaser when the cost of the items is not billed directly to the recipients. "Direct mail" includes tangible personal property supplied directly or indirectly by the purchaser to the direct mail seller for inclusion in the package containing the printed material. "Direct mail" does not include multiple items of printed material delivered to a single address.

Subd. 36.

Agricultural production.

"Agricultural production" includes, but is not limited to, horticulture, silviculture, floriculture, maple syrup harvesting, and the raising of pets, livestock as defined in section 17A.03, subdivision 5, poultry, dairy and poultry products, bees and apiary products, the raising and harvesting of agricultural crops, sod, fur-bearing animals, research animals, and horses.

Subd. 37.

Logging equipment.

(a) "Logging equipment" means new or used machinery, equipment, implements, accessories, and contrivances used directly and principally in the commercial cutting or removal or both of timber or other solid wood forest products intended to be sold ultimately at retail, including, but not limited to:

(1) machinery used for bucking, bunching, debarking, delimbing, felling, forwarding, loading, piling, skidding, topping, and yarding operations performed on timber; and

(2) chain saws.

(b) Logging equipment does not include:

(1) repair or replacement parts;

(2) tools, shop equipment, communication equipment, and other logging supplies;

(3) motor vehicles taxed under chapter 297B;

(4) snowmobiles, snow blowers, or recreational all-terrain vehicles; or

(5) machinery, equipment, implements, accessories, and contrivances used in the creation of other commercial wood products for sale to others, including, but not limited to, milling, planing, carving, wood chipping, or paper manufacturing.

Subd. 38.

Bundled transaction.

(a) "Bundled transaction" means the retail sale of two or more products when the products are otherwise distinct and identifiable, and the products are sold for one nonitemized price. As used in this subdivision, "product" includes tangible personal property, services, intangibles, and digital goods, including specified digital products or other digital products, but does not include real property or services to real property. A bundled transaction does not include the sale of any products in which the sales price varies, or is negotiable, based on the selection by the purchaser of the products included in the transaction.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "distinct and identifiable" products does not include:

(1) packaging and other materials, such as containers, boxes, sacks, bags, and bottles, wrapping, labels, tags, and instruction guides, that accompany the retail sale of the products and are incidental or immaterial to the retail sale. Examples of packaging that are incidental or immaterial include grocery sacks, shoe boxes, dry cleaning garment bags, and express delivery envelopes and boxes;

(2) a promotional product provided free of charge with the required purchase of another product. A promotional product is provided free of charge if the sales price of another product, which is required to be purchased in order to receive the promotional product, does not vary depending on the inclusion of the promotional product; and

(3) items included in the definition of sales price.

(c) For purposes of this subdivision, the term "one nonitemized price" does not include a price that is separately identified by product on binding sales or other supporting sales-related documentation made available to the customer in paper or electronic form including but not limited to an invoice, bill of sale, receipt, contract, service agreement, lease agreement, periodic notice of rates and services, rate card, or price list.

(d) A transaction that otherwise meets the definition of a bundled transaction is not a bundled transaction if it is:

(1) the retail sale of tangible personal property and a service and the tangible personal property is essential to the use of the service, and is provided exclusively in connection with the service, and the true object of the transaction is the service;

(2) the retail sale of services if one service is provided that is essential to the use or receipt of a second service and the first service is provided exclusively in connection with the second service and the true object of the transaction is the second service;

(3) a transaction that includes taxable products and nontaxable products and the purchase price or sales price of the taxable products is de minimis; or

(4) the retail sale of exempt tangible personal property and taxable tangible personal property if:

(i) the transaction includes food and food ingredients, drugs, durable medical equipment, mobility enhancing equipment, over-the-counter drugs, prosthetic devices, or medical supplies; and

(ii) the seller's purchase price or sales price of the taxable tangible personal property is 50 percent or less of the total purchase price or sales price of the bundled tangible personal property. Sellers must not use a combination of the purchase price and sales price of the tangible personal property when making the 50 percent determination for a transaction.

(e) For purposes of this subdivision, "purchase price" means the measure subject to use tax on purchases made by the seller, and "de minimis" means that the seller's purchase price or sales price of the taxable products is ten percent or less of the total purchase price or sales price of the bundled products. Sellers shall use either the purchase price or the sales price of the products to determine if the taxable products are de minimis. Sellers must not use a combination of the purchase price and sales price of the products to determine if the taxable products are de minimis. Sellers shall use the full term of a service contract to determine if the taxable products are de minimis.

Subd. 39.

Ancillary services.

"Ancillary services" means services that are associated with or incidental to the provision of telecommunications services, including, but not limited to, conference bridging service, detailed telecommunications billing, directory assistance, vertical service, and voice mail services.

Subd. 40.

Conference bridging service.

"Conference bridging service" means an ancillary service that links two or more participants of an audio or video conference call and may include the provision of a telephone number. Conference bridging service does not include the telecommunications services used to reach the conference bridge.

Subd. 41.

Detailed telecommunications billing service.

"Detailed telecommunications billing service" means an ancillary service of separately stating information pertaining to individual calls on a customer's billing statement.

Subd. 42.

Directory assistance.

"Directory assistance" means an ancillary service of providing telephone number information or address information, or both.

Subd. 43.

Vertical service.

"Vertical service" means an ancillary service that is offered in connection with one or more telecommunications services and which offers advanced calling features that allow customers to identify callers and to manage multiple calls and call connections, including conference bridging services.

Subd. 44.

Voice mail service.

"Voice mail service" means an ancillary service that enables the customer to store, send, or receive recorded messages. Voice mail service does not include any vertical services that the customer may be required to have in order to utilize the voice mail service.

Subd. 45.

Ring tone.

"Ring tone" means a digitized sound file that is downloaded onto a device and that may be used to alert the customer with respect to a communication. A ring tone does not include ring back tones or other digital audio files that are not stored on the purchaser's communication device.

Subd. 46.

Fur clothing.

"Fur clothing" means human wearing apparel that is required by the Federal Fur Products Labeling Act, United States Code, title 15, section 69, to be labeled as a fur product, and the value of the fur components in the product is more than three times the value of the next most valuable tangible component. For purposes of this subdivision, "fur" means any animal skin or part of an animal skin with hair, fleece, or fur fibers attached to it, either in its raw or processed state, but does not include animal skins that have been converted into leather or suede, or from which the hair, fleece, or fur fiber has been completely removed in processing the skins.

Subd. 49.

Motor vehicle repair paint and motor vehicle repair materials.

"Motor vehicle repair paint" means a substance composed of solid matter suspended in a liquid medium and applied as a protective or decorative coating to the surface of a motor vehicle in order to restore the motor vehicle to its original condition, and includes primer, body paint, clear coat, and paint thinner used to paint motor vehicles, as defined in section 297B.01.

"Motor vehicle repair materials" means items, other than motor vehicle repair paint or motor vehicle parts, that become a part of a repaired motor vehicle or are consumed in repairing the motor vehicle at retail, and include abrasives, battery water, body filler or putty, bolts and nuts, brake fluid, buffing pads, chamois, cleaning compounds, degreasing compounds, glaze, grease, grinding discs, hydraulic jack oil, lubricants, masking tape, oxygen and acetylene, polishes, rags, razor blades, sandpaper, sanding discs, scuff pads, sealer, solder, solvents, striping tape, tack cloth, thinner, waxes, and welding rods. Motor vehicle repair materials do not include items that are not used directly on the motor vehicle, such as floor dry that is used to clean the shop, or cleaning compounds and rags that are used to clean tools, equipment, or the shop and are not used to clean the motor vehicle.

Subd. 58.

Real property.

(a) "Real property" includes:

(1) the land itself;

(2) buildings and structures constructed or erected on the land and intended to be permanent; and

(3) improvements and fixtures if incorporated into and intended to be of a permanent benefit to a building or structure given its present use, and that cannot be removed without causing substantial damage to the building or structure.

(b) Real property does not include tools, implements, machinery, and equipment attached or installed into real property for use in the business or production activity conducted thereon, that qualify for exemption under section 297A.68, regardless of size, weight, or method of incorporation into the real property.

(c) If the exclusion provided in paragraph (b) does not apply, then the definition in paragraph (a) must be used to determine whether tools, implements, machinery, or equipment are real property.

297A.62 SALES TAX IMPOSED; RATES.

Subd. 3.

Manufactured housing and park trailers; modular housing.

(a) For retail sales of manufactured homes as defined in section 327.31, subdivision 6, for residential uses, the sales tax under subdivisions 1 and 1a is imposed on 65 percent of the dealer's cost of the manufactured home. For retail sales of new or used park trailers, as defined in section 168.002, subdivision 23, the sales tax under subdivisions 1 and 1a is imposed on 65 percent of the sales price of the park trailer.

(b) For retail sales of a modular home as defined in section 297A.668, subdivision 8, paragraph (b), for residential uses, the sales tax under subdivisions 1 and 1a is imposed on 65 percent of the modular home manufacturer's sales price of the modular home.

297A.63 USE TAXES IMPOSED; RATES.

Subd. 2.

Use of tangible personal property made from materials.

(a) A use tax is imposed on a person who manufactures, fabricates, or assembles tangible personal property from materials, either within or outside this state and who uses, stores, distributes, or consumes the tangible personal property in Minnesota. The tax is imposed on the purchase price of retail sales of the materials contained in the tangible personal property at the rate of tax imposed under section 297A.62.

(b) No tax is imposed under paragraph (a) if the tax imposed by section 297A.62 was paid on the sales price of materials contained in the tangible personal property.

297A.64 RENTAL MOTOR VEHICLE TAX IMPOSED; RATE.

Subdivision 1.

Tax imposed.

A tax is imposed on the lease or rental in this state for not more than 28 days of a passenger automobile as defined in section 168.002, subdivision 24, a van as defined in section 168.002, subdivision 40, or a pickup truck as defined in section 168.002, subdivision 26. The rate of tax is 9.2 percent of the sales price. The tax applies whether or not the vehicle is licensed in the state.

Subd. 2.

Fee imposed.

(a) A fee equal to five percent of the sales price is imposed on leases or rentals of vehicles subject to the tax under subdivision 1. The lessor on the invoice to the customer may designate the fee as "a fee imposed by the State of Minnesota for the registration of rental cars."

(b) The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to the vehicles of a nonprofit corporation or similar entity, consisting of individual or group members who pay the organization for the use of a motor vehicle, if the organization:

(1) owns or leases a fleet of vehicles of the type subject to the tax under subdivision 1 that are available to its members for use, priced on the basis of intervals of one hour or less;

(2) parks its vehicles at unstaffed, self-service locations that are accessible at any time of the day;

(3) maintains its vehicles, insures its vehicles on behalf of its members, and purchases fuel for its fleet; and

(4) does not charge usage rates that decline on a per unit basis, whether specified based on distance or time.

Subd. 3.

Administration.

The retailer shall report and pay the tax imposed in subdivision 1 to the commissioner of revenue with the taxes imposed in this chapter. The tax imposed in subdivision 1 and the fee imposed in subdivision 2 are subject to the same interest, penalty, and other provisions provided for sales and use taxes under this chapter and chapter 289A. The audit, assessment, appeal, collection, enforcement, and administrative provisions of this chapter and chapters 270C and 289A, that apply to sales and use taxes, apply to the tax and fee.

Subd. 4.

Exemptions.

(a) The tax and the fee imposed by this section do not apply to a lease or rental of (1) a vehicle to be used by the lessee to provide a licensed taxi service; (2) a hearse or limousine used in connection with a burial or funeral service; or (3) a van designed or adapted primarily for transporting property rather than passengers. The tax and the fee imposed under this section do not apply when the lease or rental of a vehicle is exempt from the tax imposed under section 297A.62, subdivision 1.

(b) The lessor may elect not to charge the fee imposed in subdivision 2 if in the previous calendar year the lessor had no more than 20 vehicles available for lease that would have been subject to tax under this section, or no more than $50,000 in gross receipts that would have been subject to tax under this section.

Subd. 5.

Payment of excess fees.

On the first sales tax return due following the end of a calendar year during which a lessor has imposed a fee under subdivision 2, the lessor shall report to the commissioner of revenue, in the form required by the commissioner, the amount of the fee collected during the previous year and the amount of motor vehicle registration taxes paid during the previous year by the lessor under chapter 168 on vehicles subject to the fee under this section. If the amount of the fees collected exceeds the amount of motor vehicle registration taxes paid, the lessor shall remit the excess to the commissioner of revenue at the time the report is submitted.

297A.65 LOTTERY TICKETS; IN LIEU TAX.

Sales of State Lottery tickets are exempt from the tax imposed under section 297A.62. The State Lottery must on or before the 20th day of each month transmit to the commissioner of revenue an amount equal to the gross receipts from the sale of lottery tickets for the previous month multiplied by the tax rate under section 297A.62, subdivision 1. The resulting payment is in lieu of the sales tax that otherwise would be imposed by this chapter. The commissioner shall deposit the money transmitted as provided by section 297A.94 and the money must be treated as other proceeds of the sales tax. For purposes of this section, "gross receipts" means the proceeds of the sale of tickets before deduction of a commission or other compensation paid to the vendor or retailer for selling tickets.

297A.67 GENERAL EXEMPTIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Scope.

The gross receipts from the sale and purchase of, and storage, distribution, use, or consumption of the items contained in this section are specifically exempted from the taxes imposed by this chapter.

Subd. 2.

Food and food ingredients.

Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, food and food ingredients are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision, "food" and "food ingredients" mean substances, whether in liquid, concentrated, solid, frozen, dried, or dehydrated form, that are sold for ingestion or chewing by humans and are consumed for their taste or nutritional value. Food and food ingredients exempt under this subdivision do not include candy, soft drinks, dietary supplements, and prepared foods. Food and food ingredients do not include alcoholic beverages and tobacco. For purposes of this subdivision, "alcoholic beverages" means beverages that are suitable for human consumption and contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume. For purposes of this subdivision, "tobacco" means cigarettes, cigars, chewing or pipe tobacco, or any other item that contains tobacco. For purposes of this subdivision, "dietary supplements" means any product, other than tobacco, intended to supplement the diet that:

(1) contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients:

(i) a vitamin;

(ii) a mineral;

(iii) an herb or other botanical;

(iv) an amino acid;

(v) a dietary substance for use by humans to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake; and

(vi) a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract, or combination of any ingredient described in items (i) to (v);

(2) is intended for ingestion in tablet, capsule, powder, softgel, gelcap, or liquid form, or if not intended for ingestion in such form, is not represented as conventional food and is not represented for use as a sole item of a meal or of the diet; and

(3) is required to be labeled as a dietary supplement, identifiable by the supplement facts box found on the label and as required pursuant to Code of Federal Regulations, title 21, section 101.36.

Subd. 3.

SNAP.

Tangible personal property purchased with Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, coupons, or vouchers issued by the federal government under the SNAP is exempt. This exemption also applies to food purchased under the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children. The exemption provided by this subdivision is effective and applies only to the extent required by federal law.

Subd. 4.

Exempt meals at residential facilities.

Prepared food, candy, and soft drinks served to patients, inmates, or persons residing at hospitals, sanitariums, nursing homes, senior citizen homes, and correctional, detention, and detoxification facilities are exempt. Taxable food sold through vending machines is not exempt.

Subd. 5.

Exempt meals at schools.

Prepared food, candy, and soft drinks served at public and private elementary, middle, or secondary schools as defined in section 120A.05 are exempt. Prepared food, candy, and soft drinks served to students at a college, university, or private career school under a board contract are exempt. Taxable food sold through vending machines is not exempt.

Subd. 6.

Other exempt meals.

(a) Prepared food, candy, and soft drinks purchased for and served exclusively to individuals who are 60 years of age or over and their spouses or to persons with a disability and their spouses by governmental agencies, nonprofit organizations, or churches, or pursuant to any program funded in whole or in part through United States Code, title 42, sections 3001 through 3045, wherever delivered, prepared, or served, are exempt. Taxable food sold through vending machines is not exempt.

(b) Prepared food, candy, and soft drinks purchased for and served exclusively to children who are less than 14 years of age or children with a disability who are less than 16 years of age and who are attending a child care or early childhood education program, are exempt if they are:

(1) purchased by a nonprofit child care facility that is exempt under section 297A.70, subdivision 4, and that primarily serves families with income of 250 percent or less of federal poverty guidelines; and

(2) prepared at the site of the child care facility.

Subd. 7.

Drugs; medical devices.

(a) Sales of the following drugs and medical devices for human use are exempt:

(1) drugs, including over-the-counter drugs;

(2) single-use finger-pricking devices for the extraction of blood and other single-use devices and single-use diagnostic agents used in diagnosing, monitoring, or treating diabetes;

(3) insulin and medical oxygen for human use, regardless of whether prescribed or sold over the counter;

(4) prosthetic devices;

(5) durable medical equipment for home use only;

(6) mobility enhancing equipment;

(7) prescription corrective eyeglasses; and

(8) kidney dialysis equipment, including repair and replacement parts.

(b) Items purchased in transactions covered by:

(1) Medicare as defined under title XVIII of the Social Security Act, United States Code, title 42, section 1395, et seq.; or

(2) Medicaid as defined under title XIX of the Social Security Act, United States Code, title 42, section 1396, et seq.

(c) For purposes of this subdivision:

(1) "Drug" means a compound, substance, or preparation, and any component of a compound, substance, or preparation, other than food and food ingredients, dietary supplements, or alcoholic beverages that is:

(i) recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, and supplement to any of them;

(ii) intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease; or

(iii) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body.

(2) "Durable medical equipment" means equipment, including repair and replacement parts, including single-patient use items, but not including mobility enhancing equipment, that:

(i) can withstand repeated use;

(ii) is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose;

(iii) generally is not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury; and

(iv) is not worn in or on the body.

For purposes of this clause, "repair and replacement parts" includes all components or attachments used in conjunction with the durable medical equipment, including repair and replacement parts which are for single patient use only.

(3) "Mobility enhancing equipment" means equipment, including repair and replacement parts, but not including durable medical equipment, that:

(i) is primarily and customarily used to provide or increase the ability to move from one place to another and that is appropriate for use either in a home or a motor vehicle;

(ii) is not generally used by persons with normal mobility; and

(iii) does not include any motor vehicle or equipment on a motor vehicle normally provided by a motor vehicle manufacturer.

(4) "Over-the-counter drug" means a drug that contains a label that identifies the product as a drug as required by Code of Federal Regulations, title 21, section 201.66. The label must include a "drug facts" panel or a statement of the active ingredients with a list of those ingredients contained in the compound, substance, or preparation. Over-the-counter drugs do not include grooming and hygiene products, regardless of whether they otherwise meet the definition. "Grooming and hygiene products" are soaps, cleaning solutions, shampoo, toothpaste, mouthwash, antiperspirants, and suntan lotions and sunscreens.

(5) "Prescribed" and "prescription" means a direction in the form of an order, formula, or recipe issued in any form of oral, written, electronic, or other means of transmission by a duly licensed health care professional.

(6) "Prosthetic device" means a replacement, corrective, or supportive device, including repair and replacement parts, worn on or in the body to:

(i) artificially replace a missing portion of the body;

(ii) prevent or correct physical deformity or malfunction; or

(iii) support a weak or deformed portion of the body.

Prosthetic device does not include corrective eyeglasses.

(7) "Kidney dialysis equipment" means equipment that:

(i) is used to remove waste products that build up in the blood when the kidneys are not able to do so on their own; and

(ii) can withstand repeated use, including multiple use by a single patient, notwithstanding the provisions of clause (2).

(8) A transaction is covered by Medicare or Medicaid if any portion of the cost of the item purchased in the transaction is paid for or reimbursed by the federal government or the state of Minnesota pursuant to the Medicare or Medicaid program, by a private insurance company administering the Medicare or Medicaid program on behalf of the federal government or the state of Minnesota, or by a managed care organization for the benefit of a patient enrolled in a prepaid program that furnishes medical services in lieu of conventional Medicare or Medicaid coverage pursuant to agreement with the federal government or the state of Minnesota.

Subd. 7a.

Accessories and supplies.

Accessories and supplies required for the effective use of durable medical equipment for home use only or purchased in a transaction covered by Medicare or Medicaid, that are not already exempt under subdivision 7, are exempt. Accessories and supplies for the effective use of a prosthetic device, that are not already exempt under subdivision 7, are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision "durable medical equipment," "prosthetic device," "Medicare," and "Medicaid" have the definitions given in subdivision 7.

Subd. 8.

Clothing.

(a) Clothing is exempt. For purposes of this subdivision, "clothing" means all human wearing apparel suitable for general use.

(b) Clothing includes, but is not limited to, aprons, household and shop; athletic supporters; baby receiving blankets; bathing suits and caps; beach capes and coats; belts and suspenders; boots; coats and jackets; costumes; children and adult diapers, including disposable; ear muffs; footlets; formal wear; garters and garter belts; girdles; gloves and mittens for general use; hats and caps; hosiery; insoles for shoes; lab coats; neckties; overshoes; pantyhose; rainwear; rubber pants; sandals; scarves; shoes and shoe laces; slippers; sneakers; socks and stockings; steel-toed boots; underwear; uniforms, athletic and nonathletic; and wedding apparel.

(c) Clothing does not include the following:

(1) belt buckles sold separately;

(2) costume masks sold separately;

(3) patches and emblems sold separately;

(4) sewing equipment and supplies, including but not limited to, knitting needles, patterns, pins, scissors, sewing machines, sewing needles, tape measures, and thimbles;

(5) sewing materials that become part of clothing, including but not limited to, buttons, fabric, lace, thread, yarn, and zippers;

(6) clothing accessories or equipment;

(7) sports or recreational equipment;

(8) protective equipment; and

(9) fur clothing as defined in section 297A.61, subdivision 46.

For purposes of this subdivision, "clothing accessories or equipment" means incidental items worn on the person or in conjunction with clothing. Clothing accessories and equipment include, but are not limited to, briefcases; cosmetics; hair notions, including barrettes, hair bows, and hairnets; handbags; handkerchiefs; jewelry; nonprescription sunglasses; umbrellas; wallets; watches; and wigs and hairpieces. "Sports or recreational equipment" means items designed for human use and worn in conjunction with an athletic or recreational activity that are not suitable for general use. Sports and recreational equipment includes, but is not limited to, ballet and tap shoes; cleated or spiked athletic shoes; gloves, including, but not limited to, baseball, bowling, boxing, hockey, and golf gloves; goggles; hand and elbow guards; life preservers and vests; mouth guards; roller and ice skates; shin guards; shoulder pads; ski boots; waders; and wetsuits and fins. "Protective equipment" means items for human wear and designed as protection of the wearer against injury or disease or as protection against damage or injury of other persons or property but not suitable for general use. Protective equipment includes, but is not limited to, breathing masks; clean room apparel and equipment; ear and hearing protectors; face shields; finger guards; hard hats; helmets; paint or dust respirators; protective gloves; safety glasses and goggles; safety belts; tool belts; and welders gloves and masks.

Subd. 9.

Baby products.

Breast pumps, baby bottles and nipples, pacifiers, teething rings, and infant syringes are exempt.

Subd. 10.

Caskets; vaults.

Caskets and burial vaults for human burial are exempt.

Subd. 11.

Automobiles; disabled veterans.

Automobiles or other conveyances are exempt if the purchaser is assisted by a grant from the United States in accordance with United States Code, title 38, section 3902.

Subd. 12.

Parts and accessories used to make a motor vehicle accessible to a person with a disability.

Parts, accessories, and labor charges that are used solely to modify a motor vehicle to make it accessible to persons with a disability are exempt.

Subd. 13.

Textbooks.

Textbooks, including digital books, that are prescribed for use in conjunction with a course of study in a school, college, university, and private career school to students who are regularly enrolled at such institutions are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision (1) a "school" is as defined in section 120A.22, subdivision 4; and (2) "private career school" means a school licensed under section 136A.822.

Subd. 13a.

Instructional materials.

Instructional materials, other than textbooks, that are prescribed for use in conjunction with a course of study in a postsecondary school, college, university, or private career school to students who are regularly enrolled at such institutions are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision, "instructional materials" means materials required to be used directly in the completion of the course of study, including, but not limited to, interactive CDs, tapes, digital audio works, digital audiovisual works, and computer software.

Instructional materials do not include general reference works or other items incidental to the instructional process such as pens, pencils, paper, folders, or computers. For purposes of this subdivision, "school" and "private career school" have the meanings given in subdivision 13.

Subd. 14.

Computers prescribed for use by school.

Computers and related computer software sold by a school, college, university, or private career school to students who are enrolled at the institutions are exempt if:

(1) the use of the computer, or of a substantially similar model of computer, and the related computer software is prescribed by the institution in conjunction with a course of study; and

(2) each student of the institution, or of a unit of the institution in which the student is enrolled, is required by the institution to have such a computer and related software as a condition of enrollment.

For the purposes of this subdivision, "school" and "private career school" have the meanings given in subdivision 13.

Subd. 15.

Residential heating fuels.

Residential heating fuels are exempt as follows:

(1) all fuel oil, coal, wood, steam, hot water, propane gas, and L.P. gas sold to residential customers for residential use;

(2) for the billing months of November, December, January, February, March, and April, natural gas sold for residential use to customers who are metered and billed as residential users and who use natural gas for their primary source of residential heat; and

(3) for the billing months of November, December, January, February, March, and April, electricity sold for residential use to customers who are metered and billed as residential users and who use electricity for their primary source of residential heat.

Subd. 16.

Residential water services.

Water services for residential use are exempt regardless of how the services are billed.

Subd. 17.

Feminine hygiene products.

Sanitary napkins, tampons, or similar items used for feminine hygiene are exempt.

Subd. 18.

Used motor oils.

Used motor oils are exempt.

Subd. 19.

Cross-country ski passes.

Cross-country ski passes issued under sections 85.40 to 85.43 are exempt.

Subd. 20.

Manufactured homes.

Manufactured homes, as defined in section 327.31, subdivision 6, to be used by the purchaser for residential purposes are exempt, unless the sale is the first retail sale of the manufactured home in this state.

Subd. 21.

De minimis exemption.

A purchase subject to use tax under section 297A.63 is exempt if (1) the purchase is made by an individual for personal use, and (2) the total purchases that are subject to the use tax do not exceed $770 in the calendar year. For purposes of this subdivision, "personal use" includes purchases for gifts. If an individual makes purchases subject to use tax of more than $770 in the calendar year, the individual must pay the use tax on the entire amount. This exemption does not apply to purchases made from retailers who are required or registered to collect taxes under this chapter.

Subd. 23.

Occasional sales.

Isolated and occasional sales in Minnesota not made in the normal course of business of selling that kind of property or service are exempt. The storage, use, or consumption of property or services acquired as a result of such a sale is exempt. This exemption does not apply to sales of tangible personal property primarily used in a trade or business.

Subd. 25.

Maintenance of cemetery grounds.

Lawn care and related services used in the maintenance of cemetery grounds are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision, "lawn care and related services" means the services listed in section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (6), item (vi), and "cemetery" means a cemetery for human burial.

Subd. 26.

Trade allowance.

The amount allowed as a credit against the sales price for tangible personal property taken in trade for resale is exempt.

Subd. 27.

Sewing materials.

Sewing materials are exempt. For purposes of this subdivision "sewing materials" mean fabric, thread, zippers, interfacing, buttons, trim, and other items that are usually directly incorporated into the construction of clothing, as defined in subdivision 8, regardless of whether it is actually used for making clothing. It does not include batting, foam, or fabric specifically manufactured for arts and craft projects, or other materials for craft projects.

Subd. 28.

Ambulance supplies, parts, and equipment.

The following sales to or use by an ambulance service licensed under section 144E.10 are exempt:

(1) supplies and equipment used to provide medical care; and

(2) repair and replacement parts for ambulances and vehicles equipped and specifically intended for emergency response.

Subd. 29.

Solar energy products.

A solar energy system, as defined in section 216C.06, subdivision 17, is exempt.

Subd. 30.

Motor vehicles.

Motor vehicles taxable under the provisions of chapter 297B are exempt.

Subd. 31.

Service loaner vehicle covered by warranty.

The loan of a vehicle by a motor vehicle dealer to a customer as a replacement for a vehicle being serviced or repaired is exempt if the vehicle is loaned pursuant to a warranty included in the original purchase price of the vehicle being serviced or repaired.

Subd. 32.

Cigarettes.

Cigarettes upon which a tax has been imposed under section 297F.25 are exempt.

Subd. 33.

Presentations accessed as digital audio and audiovisual works.

The charge for a live or prerecorded presentation, such as a lecture, seminar, workshop, or course, where participants access the presentation as a digital audio work or digital audiovisual work, and are connected to the presentation via the Internet, telecommunications equipment, or other device that transfers the presentation electronically, is exempt if:

(1) participants and the presenter, during the time that participants access the presentation, are able to give, receive, and discuss the presentation with each other, although the amount of interaction and when in the presentation the interaction occurs may be limited by the presenter; and

(2) for those presentations where participants are given the option to attend the same presentation in person:

(i) any limitations on the amount of interaction and when it occurs during the presentation are the same for those participants accessing the presentation electronically as those attending in person; and

(ii) the admission to the in-person presentation is not subject to tax under this chapter.

Subd. 34.

Precious metal bullion.

(a) Precious metal bullion is exempt. For purposes of this subdivision, "precious metal bullion" means bars or rounds that consist of 99.9 percent or more by weight of either gold, silver, platinum, or palladium and are marked with weight, purity, and content.

(b) The exemption under this subdivision does not apply to sales and purchases of jewelry, works of art, or scrap metal.

(c) The intent of this subdivision is to eliminate the difference in tax treatment between the sale of precious metal bullion and the sale of stock, bullion ETFs, bonds, and other investment instruments.

Subd. 35.

Suite licenses.

The sale of the privilege of admission under section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (1), to a place of amusement or athletic event does not include consideration paid for a license to use a private suite, private skybox, or private box seat, and the sale of the license is exempt provided that: (1) the lessee may use the private suite, private skybox, or private box seat by mutual arrangement with the lessor on days when there is no amusement or athletic event; and (2) the sales price for the privilege of admission is separately stated and is equal to or greater than the highest priced general admission ticket for the closest seat not in the private suite, private skybox, or private box seat.

Subd. 36.

Stadium builder's licenses.

The sale of the privilege of admission under section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (1), does not include consideration paid for a stadium builder's license authorized under section 473J.15, subdivision 14, and the sale of the license is exempt.

297A.68 BUSINESS EXEMPTIONS.

Subdivision 1.

Scope.

The gross receipts from the sale of, and storage, distribution, use, or consumption of the items contained in this section are specifically exempted from the taxes imposed by this chapter.

Subd. 2.

Materials consumed in industrial production.

(a) Materials stored, used, or consumed in industrial production of tangible personal property intended to be sold ultimately at retail, are exempt, whether or not the item so used becomes an ingredient or constituent part of the property produced. Materials that qualify for this exemption include, but are not limited to, the following:

(1) chemicals, including chemicals used for cleaning food processing machinery and equipment;

(2) materials, including chemicals, fuels, and electricity purchased by persons engaged in industrial production to treat waste generated as a result of the production process;

(3) fuels, electricity, gas, and steam used or consumed in the production process, except that electricity, gas, or steam used for space heating, cooling, or lighting is exempt if (i) it is in excess of the average climate control or lighting for the production area, and (ii) it is necessary to produce that particular product;

(4) petroleum products and lubricants;

(5) packaging materials, including returnable containers used in packaging food and beverage products;

(6) accessory tools, equipment, and other items that are separate detachable units with an ordinary useful life of less than 12 months used in producing a direct effect upon the product; and

(7) the following materials, tools, and equipment used in metal-casting: crucibles, thermocouple protection sheaths and tubes, stalk tubes, refractory materials, molten metal filters and filter boxes, degassing lances, and base blocks.

(b) This exemption does not include:

(1) machinery, equipment, implements, tools, accessories, appliances, contrivances and furniture and fixtures, except those listed in paragraph (a), clause (6); and

(2) petroleum and special fuels used in producing or generating power for propelling ready-mixed concrete trucks on the public highways of this state.

(c) Industrial production includes, but is not limited to, research, development, design or production of any tangible personal property, manufacturing, processing (other than by restaurants and consumers) of agricultural products (whether vegetable or animal), commercial fishing, refining, smelting, reducing, brewing, distilling, printing, mining, quarrying, lumbering, generating electricity, the production of road building materials, and the research, development, design, or production of computer software. Industrial production does not include painting, cleaning, repairing or similar processing of property except as part of the original manufacturing process.

(d) Industrial production does not include:

(1) the furnishing of services listed in section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (6), items (i) to (vi) and (viii); or

(2) the transportation, transmission, or distribution of petroleum, liquefied gas, natural gas, water, or steam, in, by, or through pipes, lines, tanks, mains, or other means of transporting those products. For purposes of this paragraph, "transportation, transmission, or distribution" does not include blending of petroleum or biodiesel fuel as defined in section 239.77.

Subd. 3.

Materials used in providing certain taxable services.

(a) Materials stored, used, or consumed in providing a taxable service listed in section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (6), intended to be sold ultimately at retail are exempt.

(b) This exemption includes, but is not limited to:

(1) chemicals, lubricants, packaging materials, seeds, trees, fertilizers, and herbicides, if these items are used or consumed in providing the taxable service;

(2) chemicals used to treat waste generated as a result of providing the taxable service;

(3) accessory tools, equipment, and other items that are separate detachable units used in providing the service and that have an ordinary useful life of less than 12 months; and

(4) fuel, electricity, gas, and steam used or consumed in the production process, except that electricity, gas, or steam used for space heating, cooling, or lighting is exempt if (i) it is in excess of average climate control or lighting, and (ii) it is necessary to produce that particular service.

(c) This exemption does not include machinery, equipment, implements, tools, accessories, appliances, contrivances, furniture, and fixtures used in providing the taxable service.

Subd. 3a.

Coin-operated entertainment and amusement devices.

Coin-operated entertainment and amusement devices including, but not limited to, fortune-telling machines, cranes, foosball and pool tables, video and pinball games, batting cages, rides, photo or video booths, and jukeboxes are exempt when purchased by retailers selling admission to places of amusement and making available amusement devices as provided in section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (1). Coin-operated entertainment and amusement devices do not include vending machines, lottery devices, or gaming devices as described in chapters 297E and 349.

Subd. 4.

Taconite, other ores, metals, or minerals; production materials.

Mill liners, grinding rods, and grinding balls that are substantially consumed in the production of taconite or other ores, metals, or minerals are exempt when sold to or stored, used, or consumed by persons taxed under the in-lieu or net proceeds provisions of chapter 298.

Subd. 5.

Capital equipment.

(a) Capital equipment is exempt.

"Capital equipment" means machinery and equipment purchased or leased, and used in this state by the purchaser or lessee primarily for manufacturing, fabricating, mining, or refining tangible personal property to be sold ultimately at retail if the machinery and equipment are essential to the integrated production process of manufacturing, fabricating, mining, or refining. Capital equipment also includes machinery and equipment used primarily to electronically transmit results retrieved by a customer of an online computerized data retrieval system.

(b) Capital equipment includes, but is not limited to:

(1) machinery and equipment used to operate, control, or regulate the production equipment;

(2) machinery and equipment used for research and development, design, quality control, and testing activities;

(3) environmental control devices that are used to maintain conditions such as temperature, humidity, light, or air pressure when those conditions are essential to and are part of the production process;

(4) materials and supplies used to construct and install machinery or equipment;

(5) repair and replacement parts, including accessories, whether purchased as spare parts, repair parts, or as upgrades or modifications to machinery or equipment;

(6) materials used for foundations that support machinery or equipment;

(7) materials used to construct and install special purpose buildings used in the production process;

(8) ready-mixed concrete equipment in which the ready-mixed concrete is mixed as part of the delivery process regardless if mounted on a chassis, repair parts for ready-mixed concrete trucks, and leases of ready-mixed concrete trucks; and

(9) machinery or equipment used for research, development, design, or production of computer software.

(c) Capital equipment does not include the following:

(1) motor vehicles taxed under chapter 297B;

(2) machinery or equipment used to receive or store raw materials;

(3) building materials, except for materials included in paragraph (b), clauses (6) and (7);

(4) machinery or equipment used for nonproduction purposes, including, but not limited to, the following: plant security, fire prevention, first aid, and hospital stations; support operations or administration; pollution control; and plant cleaning, disposal of scrap and waste, plant communications, space heating, cooling, lighting, or safety;

(5) farm machinery and aquaculture production equipment as defined by section 297A.61, subdivisions 12 and 13;

(6) machinery or equipment purchased and installed by a contractor as part of an improvement to real property;

(7) machinery and equipment used by restaurants in the furnishing, preparing, or serving of prepared foods as defined in section 297A.61, subdivision 31;

(8) machinery and equipment used to furnish the services listed in section 297A.61, subdivision 3, paragraph (g), clause (6), items (i) to (vi) and (viii);

(9) machinery or equipment used in the transportation, transmission, or distribution of petroleum, liquefied gas, natural gas, water, or steam, in, by, or through pipes, lines, tanks, mains, or other means of transporting those products. This clause does not apply to machinery or equipment used to blend petroleum or biodiesel fuel as defined in section 239.77; or

(10) any other item that is not essential to the integrated process of manufacturing, fabricating, mining, or refining.

(d) For purposes of this subdivision:

(1) "Equipment" means independent devices or tools separate from machinery but essential to an integrated production process, including computers and computer software, used in operating, controlling, or regulating machinery and equipment; and any subunit or assembly comprising a component of any machinery or accessory or attachment parts of machinery, such as tools, dies, jigs, patterns, and molds.

(2) "Fabricating" means to make, build, create, produce, or assemble components or property to work in a new or different manner.

(3) "Integrated production process" means a process or series of operations through which tangible personal property is manufactured, fabricated, mined, or refined. For purposes of this clause, (i) manufacturing begins with the removal of raw materials from inventory and ends when the last process prior to loading for shipment has been completed; (ii) fabricating begins with the removal from storage or inventory of the property to be assembled, processed, altered, or modified and ends with the creation or production of the new or changed product; (iii) mining begins with the removal of overburden from the site of the ores, minerals, stone, peat deposit, or surface materials and ends when the last process before stockpiling is completed; and (iv) refining begins with the removal from inventory or storage of a natural resource and ends with the conversion of the item to its completed form.

(4) "Machinery" means mechanical, electronic, or electrical devices, including computers and computer software, that are purchased or constructed to be used for the activities set forth in paragraph (a), beginning with the removal of raw materials from inventory through completion of the product, including packaging of the product.

(5) "Machinery and equipment used for pollution control" means machinery and equipment used solely to eliminate, prevent, or reduce pollution resulting from an activity described in paragraph (a).

(6) "Manufacturing" means an operation or series of operations where raw materials are changed in form, composition, or condition by machinery and equipment and which results in the production of a new article of tangible personal property. For purposes of this subdivision, "manufacturing" includes the generation of electricity or steam to be sold at retail.

(7) "Mining" means the extraction of minerals, ores, stone, or peat.

(8) "Online data retrieval system" means a system whose cumulation of information is equally available and accessible to all its customers.

(9) "Primarily" means machinery and equipment used 50 percent or more of the time in an activity described in paragraph (a).

(10) "Refining" means the process of converting a natural resource to an intermediate or finished product, including the treatment of water to be sold at retail.

(11) This subdivision does not apply to telecommunications equipment as provided in subdivision 35a, and does not apply to wire, cable, or poles for telecommunications services.

Subd. 6.

Special tooling.

Special tooling is exempt. "Special tooling" means tools, dies, jigs, patterns, gauges, and other special tools that have value and use only for the buyer and for the use for which they are made. An item has value and use only to the buyer if the item is not standard enough to be stocked or ordered from a catalog or other sales literature, but must be produced in accordance with special requirements peculiar to the buyer and not common to someone else whose conditions for possible use of the material are reasonably similar to the buyer's.

Subd. 7.

Air cooling equipment.

Equipment used for air cooling is exempt, if the equipment is purchased for conversion or replacement of an existing groundwater-based once-through cooling system as required under section 103G.271, subdivision 5.

Subd. 8.

Pollution control equipment; steel reprocessing.

Pollution control equipment purchased by a steel reprocessing firm is exempt if the equipment is necessary to meet state or federal emission standards. For purposes of this subdivision:

(1) "pollution control equipment" means equipment used for the purpose of eliminating, preventing, or reducing air, land, or water pollution during or as a result of the manufacturing process; and

(2) "steel reprocessing firm" means a firm whose primary business is the recovery of steel from automobiles, appliances, and other steel products and the rerefining of this recovered metal into new steel products.

Subd. 9.

Super Bowl admissions and related events.

The granting of the privilege of admission to a world championship football game sponsored by the National Football League and to related events sponsored by the National Football League is exempt.

Subd. 10.

Publications; publication materials.

Tangible personal property that is used or consumed in producing any publication regularly issued at average intervals not exceeding three months is exempt, and any such publication is exempt. "Publication" includes, but is not limited to, a qualified newspaper as defined by section 331A.02, together with any supplements or enclosures. "Publication" does not include magazines and periodicals sold over the counter. Tangible personal property that is used or consumed in producing a publication does not include machinery, equipment, implements, tools, accessories, appliances, contrivances, furniture, and fixtures used in the publication, or fuel, electricity, gas, or steam used for space heating or lighting.

Advertising contained in a publication is a nontaxable service and is exempt. Persons who publish or sell newspapers are engaging in a nontaxable service with respect to gross receipts realized from such news-gathering or news-publishing activities, including the sale of advertising.

Subd. 11.

Advertising materials.

Materials designed to advertise and promote the sale of merchandise or services are exempt if these materials are mailed or transferred to a person outside the state for use solely outside the state. Mailing and reply envelopes and cards and other shipping materials including, but not limited to, boxes, labels, containers, and banding, used exclusively in connection with these advertising and promotional materials are included in this exemption. The exemption applies regardless of where the mailing occurs. The storage of these materials in the state for the purpose of subsequently shipping or otherwise transferring the material out of state is also exempt if the other conditions in this subdivision are met. For purposes of this subdivision, materials that have a primary purpose other than advertising, such as fulfilling a legal obligation or furnishing nonadvertising information, are not materials designed to advertise and promote the sale of merchandise or services even if they do include advertising content.

Subd. 12.

Wind energy conversion systems.

Wind energy conversion systems, as defined in section 216C.06, subdivision 19, that are used as an electric power source are exempt, and the materials used to manufacture, install, construct, repair, or replace them are exempt.

Subd. 13.

Outstate transport or delivery.

(a) Tangible personal property is exempt if all of the following conditions are met:

(1) the property, without intermediate use, is shipped or transported outside Minnesota by the purchaser or is stored, processed, fabricated or manufactured into, attached to or incorporated into other tangible personal property that is transported or shipped outside Minnesota; and

(2) the property is used in a trade or business outside Minnesota after being shipped or transported outside of Minnesota, and is not returned to Minnesota, except in the course of interstate commerce; and

(3) the property is either (i) not subject to tax in the state or country to which it is transported for storage or use, or (ii) to be used in other states or countries as part of a maintenance contract.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, storage or processing, fabricating, manufacturing, attaching to, or incorporating into other property is not intermediate use.

Subd. 14.

Property in transit.

Tangible personal property is exempt if all of the following conditions are met:

(1) it is shipped or brought into Minnesota by a for-hire carrier;

(2) without use, it is kept in a public warehouse;

(3) it is kept for the purpose of being later transported outside Minnesota; and

(4) after storage, it is used solely outside Minnesota, except in the course of interstate commerce.

Subd. 16.

Packing materials.

Packing materials used to pack and ship household goods and that are provided to and remain with the customer of a for-hire carrier are exempt if the ultimate destination of the goods is outside Minnesota and if the packing materials are not later returned to a point within Minnesota, except in the course of interstate commerce. This exemption does not apply to tools, equipment, pads, or accessories owned or leased by the for-hire carrier.

Subd. 17.

Ships used in interstate commerce; other vessels.

Repair, replacement, and rebuilding parts and materials, and lubricants, for the following are exempt:

(1) ships or vessels used or to be used principally in interstate or foreign commerce; and

(2) vessels with a gross registered tonnage of at least 3,000 tons.

Subd. 19.

Petroleum products.

The following petroleum products are exempt:

(1) products upon which a tax has been imposed and paid under chapter 296A, and for which no refund has been or will be allowed because the buyer used the fuel for nonhighway use;

(2) products that are used in the improvement of agricultural land by constructing, maintaining, and repairing drainage ditches, tile drainage systems, grass waterways, water impoundment, and other erosion control structures;

(3) products purchased by a transit system receiving financial assistance under section 174.24, 256B.0625, subdivision 17, or 473.384;

(4) products purchased by an ambulance service licensed under chapter 144E;

(5) products used in a passenger snowmobile, as defined in section 296A.01, subdivision 39, for off-highway business use as part of the operations of a resort as provided under section 296A.16, subdivision 2, clause (2);

(6) products purchased by a state or a political subdivision of a state for use in motor vehicles exempt from registration under section 168.012, subdivision 1, paragraph (b);

(7) products purchased by providers of transportation to recipients of medical assistance home and community-based services waivers enrolled in day programs, including adult day care, family adult day care, day treatment and habilitation, prevocational services, and structured day services;

(8) products used in a motor vehicle used exclusively as a mobile medical unit for the provision of medical or dental services by a federally qualified health center, as defined under title 19 of the federal Social Security Act, as amended by section 4161 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990; or

(9) special fuel used for one of the following purposes:

(i) to power a refrigeration unit mounted on a licensed motor vehicle, provided that the unit has an engine separate from the one used to propel the vehicle and the fuel is used exclusively for the unit;

(ii) to power an unlicensed motor vehicle that is used solely or primarily to move semitrailers within a cargo yard, warehouse facility, or intermodal facility; or

(iii) to operate a power take-off unit or auxiliary engine in or on a licensed motor vehicle, whether or not the unit or engine is fueled from the same or a different fuel tank as that from which the motor vehicle is fueled.

Subd. 20.

Natural gas in vehicles.

Natural gas to be used as a fuel in vehicles propelled by natural gas is exempt.

Subd. 22.

Copies of court reporter documents.

Transcripts or copies of transcripts of verbatim testimony are exempt if produced and sold by court reporters or other transcribers of legal proceedings to individuals or entities that are parties to or representatives of parties to the proceeding to which the transcript relates.

Subd. 23.

Automatic fire-safety sprinkler systems.

Automatic fire-safety sprinkler systems described in section 273.11, subdivision 6a, are exempt.

Subd. 24.

Waste processing equipment.

Equipment used for processing solid or hazardous waste at a resource recovery facility, as defined in section 115A.03, subdivision 28, is exempt, including pollution control equipment at a resource recovery facility that burns refuse-derived fuel or mixed municipal solid waste as its primary fuel. An electric generation facility that processes and utilizes waste tires as its primary fuel is a resource recovery facility for the purposes of this section.

Subd. 25.

Sale of property used in a trade or business.

(a) The sale of tangible personal property primarily used in a trade or business is exempt if the sale is not made in the normal course of business of selling that kind of property and if one of the following conditions is satisfied:

(1) the sale occurs in a transaction subject to or described in section 118, 331, 332, 336, 337, 338, 351, 355, 368, 721, 731, 1031, or 1033 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended through December 16, 2016;

(2) the sale is between members of a controlled group as defined in section 1563(a) of the Internal Revenue Code;

(3) the sale is a sale of farm machinery;

(4) the sale is a farm auction sale;

(5) the sale is a sale of substantially all of the assets of a trade or business; or

(6) the total amount of gross receipts from the sale of trade or business property made during the calendar month of the sale and the preceding 11 calendar months does not exceed $1,000.

The use, storage, distribution, or consumption of tangible personal property acquired as a result of a sale exempt under this subdivision is also exempt.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, the following terms have the meanings given.

(1) A "farm auction" is a public auction conducted by a licensed auctioneer if substantially all of the property sold consists of property used in the trade or business of farming and property not used primarily in a trade or business.