Subdivision 1. Aiding suicide.
Whoever intentionally advises, encourages, or assists another
in taking the other's own life may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than 15 years or to
payment of a fine of not more than $30,000, or both.
Subd. 2. Aiding attempted suicide.
Whoever intentionally advises, encourages, or assists
another who attempts but fails to take the other's own life may be sentenced to imprisonment for
not more than seven years or to payment of a fine of not more than $14,000, or both.
Subd. 3. Acts or omissions not considered aiding suicide or aiding attempted suicide.
A health care provider, as defined in section
145B.02, subdivision 6
, who administers, prescribes,
or dispenses medications or procedures to relieve another person's pain or discomfort, even if the
medication or procedure may hasten or increase the risk of death, does not violate this section
unless the medications or procedures are knowingly administered, prescribed, or dispensed to
(b) A health care provider, as defined in section
145B.02, subdivision 6
, who withholds or
withdraws a life-sustaining procedure in compliance with chapter 145B or 145C or in accordance
with reasonable medical practice does not violate this section.
Subd. 4. Injunctive relief.
A cause of action for injunctive relief may be maintained against
any person who is reasonably believed to be about to violate or who is in the course of violating
this section by any person who is:
(1) the spouse, parent, child, or sibling of the person who would commit suicide;
(2) an heir or a beneficiary under a life insurance policy of the person who would commit
(3) a health care provider of the person who would commit suicide;
(4) a person authorized to prosecute or enforce the laws of this state; or
(5) a legally appointed guardian or conservator of the person who would have committed
Subd. 5. Civil damages.
A person given standing by subdivision 4, clause (1), (2), or (5),
or the person who would have committed suicide, in the case of an attempt, may maintain a
cause of action against any person who violates or who attempts to violate subdivision 1 or 2 for
compensatory damages and punitive damages as provided in section
. A person described
in subdivision 4, clause (4), may maintain a cause of action against a person who violates or
attempts to violate subdivision 1 or 2 for a civil penalty of up to $50,000 on behalf of the state. An
action under this subdivision may be brought whether or not the plaintiff had prior knowledge
of the violation or attempt.
Subd. 6. Attorney fees.
Reasonable attorney fees shall be awarded to the prevailing plaintiff
in a civil action brought under subdivision 4 or 5.
History: 1963 c 753 art 1 s 609.215; 1984 c 628 art 3 s 11; 1986 c 444; 1992 c 577 s
6-9; 1998 c 399 s 37