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2004 Minnesota Statutes

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268.18 Unemployment benefit overpayments.

Subdivision 1. Nonfraud overpayment. (a) Any applicant who (1) by reason of the applicant's own mistake, or (2) because of an error by any employee of the department, or (3) because of a determination or amended determination issued pursuant to section 268.07 or 268.101, or (4) because of an appeal decision under section 268.105, has received any unemployment benefits that the applicant was not entitled to, shall promptly repay the unemployment benefits to the trust fund. The commissioner shall, as soon as the overpayment is discovered, determine the amount due and notify the applicant to repay the unemployment benefits.

(b) Unless the applicant files an appeal within 30 calendar days after the sending of the determination of overpayment to the applicant by mail or electronic transmission, the determination shall become final. Proceedings on the appeal shall be conducted in accordance with section 268.105. An applicant may not collaterally attack, by way of an appeal to an overpayment determination, any prior determination issued pursuant to section 268.07 or 268.101, or decision issued pursuant to section 268.105, that has become final.

(c) If the applicant fails to repay the unemployment benefits determined overpaid under this subdivision, the commissioner may offset from any future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the amount of the overpayment. Except when the overpayment resulted because the applicant failed to report deductible earnings or deductible or benefit delaying payments, no single offset shall exceed 50 percent of the amount of the payment from which the offset is made. The overpayment may also be collected by the same methods as delinquent payments from an employer. A determination of overpayment shall state the methods of collection the commissioner may use to recover the overpayment.

(d) If an applicant has been overpaid unemployment benefits under the law of another state, due to a reason other than fraud, and that state certifies that the applicant is liable under its law to repay the unemployment benefits and requests the commissioner to recover the overpayment, the commissioner may offset from future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the amount of overpayment, except that no single offset shall exceed 50 percent of the amount of the payment from which the offset is made.

(e) If under paragraph (c) or (d) the reduced unemployment benefits as a result of a 50 percent offset is not a whole dollar amount, it shall be rounded down to the next lower whole dollar.

(f) Unemployment benefits paid for weeks more than three years prior to the discovery of overpayment under this subdivision are not overpaid unemployment benefits.

Subd. 2. Overpayment due to fraud. (a) Any applicant who receives unemployment benefits by knowingly misrepresenting, misstating, or failing to disclose any material fact, or who makes a false statement or representation without a good faith belief as to the correctness of the statement or representation, has committed fraud. After the discovery of facts indicating fraud, the commissioner shall make a determination that the applicant obtained unemployment benefits by fraud and that the applicant must promptly repay the unemployment benefits to the trust fund. In addition, the commissioner shall assess a penalty equal to 25 percent of the amount fraudulently obtained. If the applicant had a prior overpayment due to fraud, the commissioner shall, on the present overpayment, assess a penalty equal to 50 percent of the amount fraudulently obtained. This penalty is in addition to penalties under section 268.182.

(b) Unless the applicant files an appeal within 30 calendar days after the sending of the determination of overpayment by fraud to the applicant by mail or electronic transmission, the determination shall become final. Proceedings on the appeal shall be conducted in accordance with section 268.105.

(c) If the applicant fails to repay the unemployment benefits, penalty, and interest assessed, the commissioner shall offset from future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the total amount due. The total due may also be collected by the same methods as delinquent payments from an employer. A determination of overpayment by fraud shall state the methods of collection the commissioner may use to recover the overpayment. Money received in repayment of fraudulently obtained unemployment benefits, penalties, and interest shall first be applied to the unemployment benefits overpaid, then to the penalty amount due, then to any interest due. Payments made toward penalty and interest shall be credited to the contingent account.

(d) If an applicant has been overpaid unemployment benefits under the law of another state because of fraud and that state certifies that the applicant is liable to repay the unemployment benefits and requests the commissioner to recover the overpayment, the commissioner may offset from future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the amount of overpayment.

(e) A determination of overpayment by fraud may only be made within four years of the effective date of the benefit account from which the unemployment benefits were fraudulently obtained.

Subd. 2a. Renumbered subd 3a

Subd. 2b. Interest. (a) On any unemployment benefits fraudulently obtained, and any penalty amounts assessed under subdivision 2, the commissioner may assess interest at the rate of 1-1/2 percent per month on any amount that remains unpaid 30 calendar days after the date of the determination of overpayment by fraud. A determination of overpayment by fraud shall state that interest shall be assessed.

(b) If this subdivision became effective after the date of the determination, or the determination did not state that interest shall be assessed, interest shall be assessed beginning 30 calendar days after notification, by mail or electronic transmission, to the applicant.

Subd. 3. Renumbered 268.182

Subd. 3a. Offset of federal unemployment benefits. The commissioner is authorized to enter into reciprocal agreements with the United States Secretary of Labor, whereby, overpayments of unemployment benefits as determined under federal law, may be recovered by offset from unemployment benefits otherwise payable and unemployment benefit overpayments under subdivisions 1 and 2 may be recovered by offset from unemployment benefits otherwise payable under a federal program.

Subd. 4. Cancellation of overpayments. (a) If unemployment benefits determined overpaid under subdivision 1 are not repaid or offset from subsequent unemployment benefits as provided for in subdivision 1 within six years after the date of the determination of overpayment, the commissioner shall cancel the overpayment balance, and no administrative or legal proceedings shall be used to enforce collection of those amounts.

(b) If unemployment benefits determined overpaid under subdivision 2 including penalties and interest are not repaid or offset from subsequent unemployment benefits as provided for in subdivision 2 within ten years after the date of the determination of overpayment by fraud, the commissioner shall cancel the overpayment balance and any penalties and interest due, and no administrative or legal proceeding shall be used to enforce collection of those amounts.

(c) The commissioner may cancel at any time any overpayment, including penalties and interest, that the commissioner determines is uncollectible due to death or bankruptcy.

Subd. 4a. Court fees. (a) If the commissioner is required to pay any court fees in an attempt to enforce collection of overpaid unemployment benefits, penalties, or interest, the commissioner may add the amount of the court fees to the total amount due.

(b) If an applicant who has been determined overpaid unemployment benefits because of fraud seeks to have any portion of the debt discharged under the federal bankruptcy code, and the commissioner files an objection in bankruptcy court to the discharge, the commissioner may add the commissioner's cost of any court fees to the debt if the bankruptcy court does not discharge the debt.

Subd. 5. Repealed, 1997 c 66 s 81

Subd. 5. Remedies. (a) Any method undertaken to recover an overpayment of unemployment benefits, including any penalties and interest, shall not be considered an election of a method of recovery.

(b) Intervention or lack thereof, in whole or in part, in a workers' compensation matter under section 176.361 shall not be considered an election of a remedy and shall not prevent the commissioner from determining any unemployment benefits overpaid under subdivision 1 or 2 or taking action under section 268.182.

Subd. 6. Renumbered 268.184

Subd. 6. Collection of overpayments. (a) The commissioner may not compromise the amount that has been determined overpaid under this section including penalties and interest.

(b) The commissioner shall have discretion regarding the recovery of any overpayment under subdivision 1. Regardless of any law to the contrary, the commissioner shall not be required to refer any amount determined overpaid under subdivision 1 to a public or private collection agency, including agencies of this state.

(c) Amounts determined overpaid under subdivision 1 shall not be considered a "debt" to the state of Minnesota for purposes of any reporting requirements to the commissioner of finance.

(d) A pending appeal under section 268.105 shall not suspend the assessment of interest, penalties, or collection of an overpayment under this section.

(e) Section 16A.626 applies to the repayment by an applicant of any overpayment, penalty, or interest under this section.

HIST: (4337-36) Ex1936 c 2 s 16; 1941 c 554 s 15; 1951 c 442 s 11; 1953 c 97 s 18; 1969 c 567 s 3; 1973 c 254 s 3; 1975 c 336 s 24; 1977 c 4 s 10; 1977 c 430 s 25 subd 1; 1979 c 181 s 17,18; 1Sp1982 c 1 s 37-40; 1983 c 216 art 1 s 42,87; 1983 c 372 s 45,46; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1Sp1985 c 14 art 9 s 75; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 385 s 40-45; 1988 c 712 s 3; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 1; 1990 c 566 s 8; 1992 c 484 s 15; 1994 c 483 s 1; 1995 c 54 s 21-24; 1996 c 417 s 29,31; 1997 c 66 s 71-73,79; 1998 c 265 s 36,45; 1999 c 107 s 55,66; 2000 c 343 s 4; 2001 c 175 s 46; 1Sp2003 c 3 art 2 s 16,17,20; 2004 c 183 s 78-81; 2004 c 206 s 52

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