260C.212 CHILDREN IN PLACEMENT.
Subdivision 1. Out-of-home placement; plan.
(a) An out-of-home placement plan shall be
prepared within 30 days after any child is placed in a residential facility by court order or by the
voluntary release of the child by the parent or parents.
For purposes of this section, a residential facility means any group home, family foster home
or other publicly supported out-of-home residential facility, including any out-of-home residential
facility under contract with the state, county or other political subdivision, or any agency thereof,
to provide those services or foster care as defined in section
260C.007, subdivision 18
(b) An out-of-home placement plan means a written document which is prepared by the
responsible social services agency jointly with the parent or parents or guardian of the child and in
consultation with the child's guardian ad litem, the child's tribe, if the child is an Indian child, the
child's foster parent or representative of the residential facility, and, where appropriate, the child.
For a child in placement due solely or in part to the child's emotional disturbance, preparation
of the out-of-home placement plan shall additionally include the child's mental health treatment
provider. As appropriate, the plan shall be:
(1) submitted to the court for approval under section
260C.178, subdivision 7
(2) ordered by the court, either as presented or modified after hearing, under section
260C.178, subdivision 7
260C.201, subdivision 6
(3) signed by the parent or parents or guardian of the child, the child's guardian ad litem, a
representative of the child's tribe, the responsible social services agency, and, if possible, the child.
(c) The out-of-home placement plan shall be explained to all persons involved in its
implementation, including the child who has signed the plan, and shall set forth:
(1) a description of the residential facility including how the out-of-home placement plan is
designed to achieve a safe placement for the child in the least restrictive, most family-like, setting
available which is in close proximity to the home of the parent or parents or guardian of the
child when the case plan goal is reunification, and how the placement is consistent with the best
interests and special needs of the child according to the factors under subdivision 2, paragraph (b);
(2) the specific reasons for the placement of the child in a residential facility, and when
reunification is the plan, a description of the problems or conditions in the home of the parent or
parents which necessitated removal of the child from home and the changes the parent or parents
must make in order for the child to safely return home;
(3) a description of the services offered and provided to prevent removal of the child from
the home and to reunify the family including:
(i) the specific actions to be taken by the parent or parents of the child to eliminate or correct
the problems or conditions identified in clause (2), and the time period during which the actions
are to be taken; and
(ii) the reasonable efforts, or in the case of an Indian child, active efforts to be made to
achieve a safe and stable home for the child including social and other supportive services to be
provided or offered to the parent or parents or guardian of the child, the child, and the residential
facility during the period the child is in the residential facility;
(4) a description of any services or resources that were requested by the child or the child's
parent, guardian, foster parent, or custodian since the date of the child's placement in the
residential facility, and whether those services or resources were provided and if not, the basis for
the denial of the services or resources;
(5) the visitation plan for the parent or parents or guardian, other relatives as defined in
260C.007, subdivision 27
, and siblings of the child if the siblings are not placed together
in the residential facility, and whether visitation is consistent with the best interest of the child,
during the period the child is in the residential facility;
(6) documentation of steps to finalize the adoption or legal guardianship of the child if
the court has issued an order terminating the rights of both parents of the child or of the only
known, living parent of the child. At a minimum, the documentation must include child-specific
recruitment efforts such as relative search and the use of state, regional, and national adoption
exchanges to facilitate orderly and timely placements in and outside of the state. A copy of this
documentation shall be provided to the court in the review required under section
subdivision 3, paragraph (b)
(7) the health and educational records of the child including the most recent information
(i) the names and addresses of the child's health and educational providers;
(ii) the child's grade level performance;
(iii) the child's school record;
(iv) assurances that the child's placement in foster care takes into account proximity to the
school in which the child is enrolled at the time of placement;
(v) a record of the child's immunizations;
(vi) the child's known medical problems, including any known communicable diseases, as
defined in section
144.4172, subdivision 2
(vii) the child's medications; and
(viii) any other relevant health and education information;
(8) an independent living plan for a child age 16 or older who is in placement as a result of a
permanency disposition. The plan should include, but not be limited to, the following objectives:
(i) educational, vocational, or employment planning;
(ii) health care planning and medical coverage;
(iii) transportation including, where appropriate, assisting the child in obtaining a driver's
(iv) money management;
(v) planning for housing;
(vi) social and recreational skills; and
(vii) establishing and maintaining connections with the child's family and community; and
(9) for a child in placement due solely or in part to the child's emotional disturbance,
diagnostic and assessment information, specific services relating to meeting the mental health
care needs of the child, and treatment outcomes.
(d) The parent or parents or guardian and the child each shall have the right to legal counsel
in the preparation of the case plan and shall be informed of the right at the time of placement of
the child. The child shall also have the right to a guardian ad litem. If unable to employ counsel
from their own resources, the court shall appoint counsel upon the request of the parent or parents
or the child or the child's legal guardian. The parent or parents may also receive assistance from
any person or social services agency in preparation of the case plan.
After the plan has been agreed upon by the parties involved or approved or ordered by the
court, the foster parents shall be fully informed of the provisions of the case plan and shall be
provided a copy of the plan.
Upon discharge from foster care, the parent, adoptive parent, or permanent legal and physical
custodian, as appropriate, and the child, if appropriate, must be provided with a current copy of
the child's health and education record.
Subd. 2. Placement decisions based on best interest of the child.
(a) The policy of the state
of Minnesota is to ensure that the child's best interests are met by requiring an individualized
determination of the needs of the child and of how the selected placement will serve the needs
of the child being placed. The authorized child-placing agency shall place a child, released by
court order or by voluntary release by the parent or parents, in a family foster home selected by
considering placement with relatives and important friends in the following order:
(1) with an individual who is related to the child by blood, marriage, or adoption; or
(2) with an individual who is an important friend with whom the child has resided or had
(b) Among the factors the agency shall consider in determining the needs of the child are
(1) the child's current functioning and behaviors;
(2) the medical, educational, and developmental needs of the child;
(3) the child's history and past experience;
(4) the child's religious and cultural needs;
(5) the child's connection with a community, school, and church;
(6) the child's interests and talents;
(7) the child's relationship to current caretakers, parents, siblings, and relatives; and
(8) the reasonable preference of the child, if the court, or the child-placing agency in the case
of a voluntary placement, deems the child to be of sufficient age to express preferences.
(c) Placement of a child cannot be delayed or denied based on race, color, or national origin
of the foster parent or the child.
(d) Siblings should be placed together for foster care and adoption at the earliest possible
time unless it is determined not to be in the best interests of a sibling or unless it is not possible
after appropriate efforts by the responsible social services agency.
(e) Except for emergency placement as provided for in section
, a completed
background study is required under section
before the approval of a foster placement in a
related or unrelated home.
Subd. 3. Limit on multiple placements.
If a child has been placed in a residential facility
pursuant to a court order under section
, the social services agency
responsible for the residential facility placement for the child may not change the child's
placement unless the agency specifically documents that the current placement is unsuitable or
another placement is in the best interests of the child. This subdivision does not apply if the new
placement is in an adoptive home or other permanent placement.
Subd. 4. Responsible social service agency's duties for children in placement.
(a) When a
child is in placement, the responsible social services agency shall make diligent efforts to identify,
locate, and, where appropriate, offer services to both parents of the child.
(1) The responsible social services agency shall assess whether a noncustodial or
nonadjudicated parent is willing and capable of providing for the day-to-day care of the child
temporarily or permanently. An assessment under this clause may include, but is not limited to,
obtaining information under section
. If after assessment, the responsible social services
agency determines that a noncustodial or nonadjudicated parent is willing and capable of providing
day-to-day care of the child, the responsible social services agency may seek authority from the
custodial parent or the court to have that parent assume day-to-day care of the child. If a parent is
not an adjudicated parent, the responsible social services agency shall require the nonadjudicated
parent to cooperate with paternity establishment procedures as part of the case plan.
(2) If, after assessment, the responsible social services agency determines that the child
cannot be in the day-to-day care of either parent, the agency shall:
(i) prepare an out-of-home placement plan addressing the conditions that each parent must
meet before the child can be in that parent's day-to-day care; and
(ii) provide a parent who is the subject of a background study under section
days' notice that it intends to use the study to recommend against putting the child with that
parent, as well as the notice provided in section
260C.209, subdivision 4
, and the court shall
afford the parent an opportunity to be heard concerning the study.
The results of a background study of a noncustodial parent shall not be used by the agency to
determine that the parent is incapable of providing day-to-day care of the child unless the agency
reasonably believes that placement of the child into the home of that parent would endanger
the child's health, safety, or welfare.
(3) If, after the provision of services following an out-of-home placement plan under this
section, the child cannot return to the care of the parent from whom the child was removed or
who had legal custody at the time the child was placed in foster care, the agency may petition on
behalf of a noncustodial parent to establish legal custody with that parent under section
. If paternity has not already been established, it may be established in the same
proceeding in the manner provided for under chapter 257.
(4) The responsible social services agency may be relieved of the requirement to locate
and offer services to both parents by the juvenile court upon a finding of good cause after the
filing of a petition under section
(b) The responsible social services agency shall give notice to the parent or parents or
guardian of each child in a residential facility, other than a child in placement due solely to that
child's developmental disability or emotional disturbance, of the following information:
(1) that residential care of the child may result in termination of parental rights or an order
permanently placing the child out of the custody of the parent, but only after notice and a hearing
as required under chapter 260C and the juvenile court rules;
(2) time limits on the length of placement and of reunification services, including the date
on which the child is expected to be returned to and safely maintained in the home of the parent
or parents or placed for adoption or otherwise permanently removed from the care of the parent
by court order;
(3) the nature of the services available to the parent;
(4) the consequences to the parent and the child if the parent fails or is unable to use services
to correct the circumstances that led to the child's placement;
(5) the first consideration for placement with relatives;
(6) the benefit to the child in getting the child out of residential care as soon as possible,
preferably by returning the child home, but if that is not possible, through a permanent legal
placement of the child away from the parent;
(7) when safe for the child, the benefits to the child and the parent of maintaining visitation
with the child as soon as possible in the course of the case and, in any event, according to the
visitation plan under this section; and
(8) the financial responsibilities and obligations, if any, of the parent or parents for the
support of the child during the period the child is in the residential facility.
(c) The responsible social services agency shall inform a parent considering voluntary
placement of a child who is not developmentally disabled or emotionally disturbed of the
(1) the parent and the child each has a right to separate legal counsel before signing a
voluntary placement agreement, but not to counsel appointed at public expense;
(2) the parent is not required to agree to the voluntary placement, and a parent who enters a
voluntary placement agreement may at any time request that the agency return the child. If the
parent so requests, the child must be returned within 24 hours of the receipt of the request;
(3) evidence gathered during the time the child is voluntarily placed may be used at a later
time as the basis for a petition alleging that the child is in need of protection or services or as
the basis for a petition seeking termination of parental rights or other permanent placement
of the child away from the parent;
(4) if the responsible social services agency files a petition alleging that the child is in need
of protection or services or a petition seeking the termination of parental rights or other permanent
placement of the child away from the parent, the parent would have the right to appointment of
separate legal counsel and the child would have a right to the appointment of counsel and a
guardian ad litem as provided by law, and that counsel will be appointed at public expense if
they are unable to afford counsel; and
(5) the timelines and procedures for review of voluntary placements under subdivision 3,
and the effect the time spent in voluntary placement on the scheduling of a permanent placement
determination hearing under section
260C.201, subdivision 11
(d) When an agency accepts a child for placement, the agency shall determine whether the
child has had a physical examination by or under the direction of a licensed physician within the
12 months immediately preceding the date when the child came into the agency's care. If there
is documentation that the child has had an examination within the last 12 months, the agency
is responsible for seeing that the child has another physical examination within one year of the
documented examination and annually in subsequent years. If the agency determines that the
child has not had a physical examination within the 12 months immediately preceding placement,
the agency shall ensure that the child has an examination within 30 days of coming into the
agency's care and once a year in subsequent years.
(e) If a child leaves foster care by reason of having attained the age of majority under state
law, the child must be given at no cost a copy of the child's health and education report.
Subd. 5. Relative search; nature.
(a) In implementing the requirement that the responsible
social services agency must consider placement with a relative under subdivision 2 without
delay after identifying the need for placement of the child in foster care, the responsible social
services agency shall identify relatives of the child and notify them of the need for a foster care
home for the child and of the possibility of the need for a permanent out-of-home placement of
the child. The relative search required by this section shall be reasonable and comprehensive in
scope and may last up to six months or until a fit and willing relative is identified. The relative
search required by this section shall include both maternal relatives of the child and paternal
relatives of the child, if paternity is adjudicated. The relatives must be notified that they must
keep the responsible social services agency informed of their current address in order to receive
notice that a permanent placement is being sought for the child. A relative who fails to provide
a current address to the responsible social services agency forfeits the right to notice of the
possibility of permanent placement. A decision by a relative not to be a placement resource at
the beginning of the case shall not affect whether the relative is considered for placement of the
child with that relative later.
(b) A responsible social services agency may disclose private or confidential data, as defined
, to relatives of the child for the purpose of locating a suitable placement. The
agency shall disclose only data that is necessary to facilitate possible placement with relatives. If
the child's parent refuses to give the responsible social services agency information sufficient to
identify the maternal and paternal relatives of the child, the agency shall ask the juvenile court
to order the parent to provide the necessary information. If a parent makes an explicit request
that relatives or a specific relative not be contacted or considered for placement, the agency shall
bring the parent's request to the attention of the court to determine whether the parent's request
is consistent with the best interests of the child and the agency shall not contact relatives or a
specific relative unless authorized to do so by the juvenile court.
(c) When the placing agency determines that a permanent placement hearing is necessary
because there is a likelihood that the child will not return to a parent's care, the agency may
send the notice provided in paragraph (d), may ask the court to modify the requirements of
the agency under this paragraph, or may ask the court to completely relieve the agency of the
requirements of this paragraph. The relative notification requirements of this paragraph do not
apply when the child is placed with an appropriate relative or a foster home that has committed to
being the permanent legal placement for the child and the agency approves of that foster home for
permanent placement of the child. The actions ordered by the court under this section must be
consistent with the best interests, safety, and welfare of the child.
(d) Unless required under the Indian Child Welfare Act or relieved of this duty by the court
under paragraph (c), when the agency determines that it is necessary to prepare for the permanent
placement determination hearing, or in anticipation of filing a termination of parental rights
petition, the agency shall send notice to the relatives, any adult with whom the child is currently
residing, any adult with whom the child has resided for one year or longer in the past, and any
adults who have maintained a relationship or exercised visitation with the child as identified in the
agency case plan. The notice must state that a permanent home is sought for the child and that the
individuals receiving the notice may indicate to the agency their interest in providing a permanent
home. The notice must state that within 30 days of receipt of the notice an individual receiving the
notice must indicate to the agency the individual's interest in providing a permanent home for the
child or that the individual may lose the opportunity to be considered for a permanent placement.
(e) The Department of Human Services shall develop a best practices guide and specialized
staff training to assist the responsible social services agency in performing and complying with
the relative search requirements under this subdivision.
Subd. 6. Change in placement.
If a child is removed from a permanent placement disposition
authorized under section
260C.201, subdivision 11
, within one year after the placement was made:
(1) the child must be returned to the residential facility where the child was placed
immediately preceding the permanent placement; or
(2) the court shall hold a hearing within ten days after the child is removed from the
permanent placement to determine where the child is to be placed. A guardian ad litem must be
appointed for the child for this hearing.
Subd. 7. Administrative or court review of placements.
(a) There shall be an administrative
review of the out-of-home placement plan of each child placed in a residential facility no later
than 180 days after the initial placement of the child in a residential facility and at least every
six months thereafter if the child is not returned to the home of the parent or parents within that
time. The out-of-home placement plan must be monitored and updated at each administrative
review. As an alternative to the administrative review, the social services agency responsible
for the placement may bring a petition as provided in section
260C.141, subdivision 2
, to the
court for review of the foster care to determine if placement is in the best interests of the
child. This petition must be brought to the court in order for a court determination to be made
regarding the best interests of the child within the applicable six months and is not in lieu of the
requirements contained in subdivision 3 or 4. A court review conducted pursuant to section
260C.201, subdivision 11
, or section
260C.141, subdivision 2
, shall satisfy the requirement for an
administrative review so long as the other requirements of this section are met.
(b) At the review required under paragraph (a), the reviewing administrative body or the
court shall review:
(1) the safety of the child;
(2) the continuing necessity for and appropriateness of the placement;
(3) the extent of compliance with the out-of-home placement plan;
(4) where appropriate, the extent of progress which has been made toward alleviating or
mitigating the causes necessitating placement in a residential facility;
(5) where appropriate, the projected date by which the child may be returned to and safely
maintained in the home or placed permanently away from the care of the parent or parents or
(6) the appropriateness of the services provided to the child.
Subd. 8. Review of voluntary placements.
Except for a child in placement due solely to
the child's developmental disability or emotional disturbance, if the child has been placed in a
residential facility pursuant to a voluntary release by the parent or parents, and is not returned
home within 90 days after initial placement in the residential facility, the social services agency
responsible for the placement shall:
(1) return the child to the home of the parent or parents; or
(2) file a petition according to section
260C.141, subdivision 1 or 2
, which may:
(i) ask the court to review the placement and approve it for up to an additional 90 days;
(ii) ask the court to order continued out-of-home placement according to sections
(iii) ask the court to terminate parental rights under section
The out-of-home placement plan must be updated and filed along with the petition.
If the court approves continued out-of-home placement for up to 90 more days, at the end of
the court-approved 90-day period, the child must be returned to the parent's home. If the child
is not returned home, the responsible social services agency must proceed on the petition filed
alleging the child in need of protection or services or the petition for termination of parental rights
or other permanent placement of the child away from the parent. The court must find a statutory
basis to order the placement of the child under section
Subd. 9. Review of certain child placements.
(a) When a developmentally disabled child
or emotionally disturbed child needs placement in a residential facility for the sole reason of
accessing services or a level of skilled care that cannot be provided in the parent's home, the
child must be placed pursuant to a voluntary placement agreement between the responsible
social services agency and the child's parent. The voluntary placement agreement must give the
responsible social services agency legal responsibility for the child's physical care, custody, and
control, but must not transfer legal custody of the child to the agency. The voluntary placement
agreement must be executed in a form developed and promulgated by the commissioner of human
services. The responsible social services agency shall report to the commissioner the number of
children who are the subject of a voluntary placement agreement under this subdivision and other
information regarding these children as the commissioner may require.
(b) If a developmentally disabled child or a child diagnosed as emotionally disturbed has
been placed in a residential facility pursuant to a voluntary release by the child's parent or
parents because of the child's disabling conditions or need for long-term residential treatment
or supervision, the social services agency responsible for the placement shall report to the court
and bring a petition for review of the child's foster care status as required in section
(c) If a child is in placement due solely to the child's developmental disability or emotional
disturbance, the court finds compelling reasons not to proceed under section
, and custody of the child is not transferred to the responsible social services
agency under section
260C.201, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), clause (2)
, no petition is required by
260C.201, subdivision 11
(d) Whenever a petition for review is brought pursuant to this subdivision, a guardian ad
litem shall be appointed for the child.
Subd. 10. Rules; children in residential facilities.
The commissioner of human services
shall promulgate all rules necessary to carry out the provisions of Public Law 96-272 as regards
the establishment of a state goal for the reduction of the number of children in residential facilities
beyond 24 months.
Subd. 11. Rules.
The commissioner shall revise Minnesota Rules, parts 9545.0010
, the rules setting standards for family and group family foster care. The commissioner
(1) require that, as a condition of licensure, foster care providers attend training on
understanding and validating the cultural heritage of all children in their care, and on the
importance of the Indian Child Welfare Act, United States Code, title 25, sections 1901 to 1923,
and the Minnesota Indian Family Preservation Act, sections
(2) review and, where necessary, revise foster care rules to reflect sensitivity to cultural
diversity and differing lifestyles. Specifically, the commissioner shall examine whether space and
other requirements discriminate against single-parent, minority, or low-income families who may
be able to provide quality foster care reflecting the values of their own respective cultures.
Subd. 12. Fair hearing review.
Any person whose claim for foster care payment pursuant
to the placement of a child resulting from a child protection assessment under section
is denied or not acted upon with reasonable promptness may appeal the decision under section
256.045, subdivision 3
History: 1999 c 139 art 3 s 26; art 4 s 2; 1999 c 245 art 8 s 19-25; 2001 c 178 art 1 s
25-31,44; 2002 c 290 s 2; 2004 c 288 art 3 s 30; 2005 c 56 s 1; 2005 c 98 art 3 s 21; 2005 c 136
art 15 s 7; 2005 c 165 art 2 s 6; 2007 c 147 art 1 s 19-21; art 3 s 30