(a) If the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the proposed patient is a person who is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or chemically dependent and after careful consideration of reasonable alternative dispositions, including but not limited to, dismissal of petition, voluntary outpatient care, voluntary admission to a treatment facility, appointment of a guardian or conservator, or release before commitment as provided for in subdivision 4, it finds that there is no suitable alternative to judicial commitment, the court shall commit the patient to the least restrictive treatment program or alternative programs which can meet the patient's treatment needs consistent with section 253B.03, subdivision 7.
(b) In deciding on the least restrictive program, the court shall consider a range of treatment alternatives including, but not limited to, community-based nonresidential treatment, community residential treatment, partial hospitalization, acute care hospital, and regional treatment center services. The court shall also consider the proposed patient's treatment preferences and willingness to participate voluntarily in the treatment ordered. The court may not commit a patient to a facility or program that is not capable of meeting the patient's needs.
(c) If the commitment as mentally ill, chemically dependent, or developmentally disabled is to a service facility provided by the commissioner of human services, the court shall order the commitment to the commissioner. The commissioner shall designate the placement of the person to the court.
(d) If the court finds a proposed patient to be a person who is mentally ill under section 253B.02, subdivision 13, paragraph (a), clause (2) or (4), the court shall commit to a community-based program that meets the proposed patient's needs. For purposes of this paragraph, a community-based program may include inpatient mental health services at a community hospital.
The court shall find the facts specifically, and separately state its conclusions of law. Where commitment is ordered, the findings of fact and conclusions of law shall specifically state the proposed patient's conduct which is a basis for determining that each of the requisites for commitment is met.
If commitment is ordered, the findings shall also identify less restrictive alternatives considered and rejected by the court and the reasons for rejecting each alternative.
If the proceedings are dismissed, the court may direct that the person be transported back to a suitable location.
The court shall determine the nature and extent of the property of the patient and of the persons who are liable for the patient's care. If the patient is committed to a regional treatment center, the court shall send a copy of the commitment order to the commissioner.
Notwithstanding section 253B.23, subdivision 9, when a court commits a patient to a treatment program or facility other than a state-operated program or facility, the court shall report the commitment to the commissioner through the Supreme Court information system for purposes of providing commitment information for firearm background checks under section 245.041.
The initial commitment begins on the date that the court issues its order or warrant under section 253B.10, subdivision 1. For persons committed as mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or chemically dependent the initial commitment shall not exceed six months.