If an amount of MFIP assistance is paid to a recipient in excess of the payment due, it shall be recoverable by the county agency. This recovery authority also extends to preexisting claims or newly discovered claims established under the AFDC program in effect on January 1, 1997. The agency shall give written notice to the recipient of its intention to recover the overpayment. County agency efforts and financial contributions shall be maintained at the level in place during fiscal year 1996.
When an overpayment occurs, the county agency shall recover the overpayment from a current recipient by reducing the amount of aid payable to the assistance unit of which the recipient is a member for one or more monthly assistance payments until the overpayment is repaid. All county agencies in the state shall reduce the assistance payment by three percent of the assistance unit's standard of need in nonfraud cases and ten percent where fraud has occurred. For recipients receiving benefits via electronic benefits transfer, if the overpayment is a result of an automated teller machine (ATM) dispensing funds in error to the recipient, the agency may recover the ATM error by immediately withdrawing funds from the recipient's electronic benefit transfer account, up to the amount of the error. In cases where there is both an overpayment and underpayment, the county agency shall offset one against the other in correcting the payment.
Overpayments may also be voluntarily repaid, in part or in full, by the individual, in addition to the aid reductions in subdivision 2, to include further voluntary reductions in the grant level agreed to in writing by the individual, until the total amount of the overpayment is repaid.
The county agency shall make reasonable efforts to recover overpayments to persons no longer on assistance according to standards adopted by rule by the commissioner of human services. The county agency need not attempt to recover overpayments of less than $35 paid to an individual no longer on assistance unless the individual has been convicted of fraud under section 256.98.