Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

CHAPTER 256M. VULNERABLE CHILDREN AND ADULTS

Table of Sections
Section Headnote
256M.001 MS 2006 [Renumbered 15.001]
256M.01 CITATION.
256M.10 DEFINITIONS.
256M.20 DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN SERVICES.
256M.30 SERVICE PLAN.
256M.40 GRANT ALLOCATION.
256M.50 FEDERAL GRANT ALLOCATION.
256M.60 DUTIES OF COUNTY BOARDS.
256M.70 FISCAL LIMITATIONS.
256M.80 PROGRAM EVALUATION.
256M.90 [Renumbered 256.0112]
256M.001 MS 2006 [Renumbered 15.001]

256M.01 CITATION.

Sections 256M.01 to 256M.80 may be cited as the "Vulnerable Children and Adults Act." This act establishes a fund to address the needs of vulnerable children and adults within each county in accordance with a service plan entered into by the board of county commissioners of each county and the commissioner.

256M.10 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.Scope.

For the purposes of sections 256M.01 to 256M.80, the terms defined in this section have the meanings given them.

Subd. 2.Vulnerable children and adults services.

(a) " Vulnerable children and adults services" means services provided or arranged for by county boards for vulnerable children under chapter 260C, and sections 626.556 and 626.5561, and adults under section 626.557 who experience dependency, abuse, or neglect, as well as services for family members to support those individuals. These services may be provided by professionals or nonprofessionals, including the person's natural supports in the community. For the purpose of this chapter, "vulnerable children" means children and adolescents.

(b) Vulnerable children and adults services do not include services under the public assistance programs known as the Minnesota family investment program, Minnesota supplemental aid, medical assistance, general assistance, general assistance medical care, MinnesotaCare, or community health services.

Subd. 3.Commissioner.

"Commissioner" means the commissioner of human services.

Subd. 4.County board.

"County board" means the board of county commissioners in each county.

Subd. 5.

[Repealed, 1Sp2011 c 9 art 1 s 35]

Subd. 6.Human Services Board.

"Human Services Board" means a board established under section 402.02; Laws 1974, chapter 293; or Laws 1976, chapter 340.

256M.20 DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN SERVICES.

Subdivision 1.General supervision.

Each year the commissioner shall allocate funds to each county with an approved service plan according to section 256M.40 and service plans under section 256M.30. The funds shall be used to address the needs of vulnerable children and adults. The commissioner, in consultation with counties, shall provide technical assistance and evaluate county performance in achieving outcomes.

Subd. 2.Additional duties.

The commissioner shall:

(1) provide necessary information and assistance to each county for establishing baselines and desired improvements on safety, permanency, and well-being for vulnerable children and adults;

(2) provide training, technical assistance, and other supports to each county board to assist in needs assessment, planning, implementation, and monitoring of outcomes and service quality;

(3) use data collection, evaluation of service outcomes, and the review and approval of county service plans to supervise county performance in the delivery of services;

(4) specify requirements for reports, including fiscal reports to account for funds distributed;

(5) request waivers from federal programs as necessary to implement this section; and

(6) have authority under sections 14.055 and 14.056 to grant a variance to existing state rules as needed to eliminate barriers to achieving desired outcomes.

Subd. 3.Sanctions.

The commissioner shall establish and maintain a monitoring program designed to reduce the possibility of noncompliance with federal laws, regulations, and performance standards that may result in federal fiscal sanctions. If a county is not complying with federal law or federal regulation and the noncompliance may result in federal fiscal sanctions, the commissioner may withhold a portion of the county's share of state and federal funds for that program. The amount withheld must be equal to the percentage difference between the level of compliance maintained by the county and the level of compliance required by the federal regulations, multiplied by the county's share of state and federal funds for the program. The state and federal funds may be withheld until the county is found to be in compliance with all federal laws or federal regulations applicable to the program. If a county remains out of compliance for more than six consecutive months, the commissioner may reallocate the withheld funds to counties that are in compliance with the federal regulations.

Subd. 4.Corrective action procedure.

The commissioner must comply with the following procedures when reducing county funds under subdivision 3.

(a) The commissioner shall notify the county, by certified mail, of the statute, rule, federal law, or federal regulation with which the county has not complied.

(b) The commissioner shall give the county 30 days to demonstrate to the commissioner that the county is in compliance with the statute, rule, federal law, or federal regulation cited in the notice or to develop a corrective action plan to address the problem. Upon request from the county, the commissioner shall provide technical assistance to the county in developing a corrective action plan. The county shall have 30 days from the date the technical assistance is provided to develop the corrective action plan.

(c) The commissioner shall take no further action if the county demonstrates compliance with the statute, rule, federal law, or federal regulation cited in the notice.

(d) The commissioner shall review and approve or disapprove the corrective action plan within 30 days after the commissioner receives the corrective action plan.

(e) If the commissioner approves the corrective action plan submitted by the county, the county has 90 days after the date of approval to implement the corrective action plan.

(f) If the county fails to demonstrate compliance or fails to implement the corrective action plan approved by the commissioner, the commissioner may reduce the county's share of state or federal funds according to subdivision 3.

256M.30 SERVICE PLAN.

Subdivision 1.Service plan submitted to commissioner.

Effective January 1, 2012, each county must have a service plan approved by the commissioner in order to receive funds. Counties may submit multicounty or regional service plans. Plans must be updated as needed to reflect current county policy and procedures regarding requirements and use of funds under this chapter.

Subd. 2.Contents.

The service plan shall be completed in a form prescribed by the commissioner. The plan must include:

(1) a statement of the needs of the vulnerable children and adults who experience the conditions defined in section 256M.10, subdivision 2, paragraph (a), and strengths and resources available in the community to address those needs;

(2) strategies the county will pursue to achieve the performance targets. Strategies must include specification of how funds under this section and other community resources will be used to achieve desired performance targets;

(3) a description of the county's process to solicit public input and a summary of that input;

(4) performance targets on statewide indicators for each county to measure outcomes of vulnerable children and adult's safety, permanency, and well-being. The commissioner shall consult with counties and other stakeholders to develop these indicators and collect baseline data to inform the establishment of individual county performance targets for the 2012-2013 biennium and subsequent years; and

(5) a budget for services to be provided with funds under this section.

Subd. 3.

[Repealed by amendment, 1Sp2011 c 9 art 1 s 25]

Subd. 4.Information.

The commissioner shall provide each county with information and technical assistance needed to complete the service plan, including: information on child and adult safety, permanency, and well-being in the county; comparisons with other counties; baseline performance on outcome measures; and promising program practices.

Subd. 5.Timelines.

The service plan must be submitted to the commissioner by October 15, 2011.

Subd. 6.Public comment.

The county board must determine how citizens in the county will participate in the development of the service plan and provide opportunities for such participation. The county must allow a period of no less than 30 days prior to the submission of the plan to the commissioner to solicit comments from the public on the contents of the plan.

Subd. 7.Commissioner's responsibilities.

The commissioner must inform the county if the service plan has been approved. If the service plan is not approved, the commissioner must inform the county of any revisions needed for approval.

256M.40 GRANT ALLOCATION.

Subdivision 1.Formula.

The commissioner shall allocate state funds appropriated under this chapter to each county board on a calendar year basis in an amount determined according to the formula in paragraphs (a) to (e).

(a) For calendar years 2011 and 2012, the commissioner shall allocate available funds to each county in proportion to that county's share in calendar year 2010.

(b) For calendar year 2013 and each calendar year thereafter, the commissioner shall allocate available funds to each county as follows:

(1) 75 percent must be distributed on the basis of the county share in calendar year 2012;

(2) five percent must be distributed on the basis of the number of persons residing in the county as determined by the most recent data of the state demographer;

(3) ten percent must be distributed on the basis of the number of vulnerable children that are subjects of reports under chapter 260C and sections 626.556 and 626.5561, and in the county as determined by the most recent data of the commissioner; and

(4) ten percent must be distributed on the basis of the number of vulnerable adults that are subjects of reports under section 626.557 in the county as determined by the most recent data of the commissioner.

(c) The commissioner is precluded from changing the formula under this subdivision or recommending a change to the legislature without public review and input.

Subd. 2.

[Repealed, 1Sp2005 c 4 art 3 s 20]

Subd. 3.Payments.

Calendar year allocations under subdivision 1 shall be paid to counties on or before July 10 of each year.

256M.50 FEDERAL GRANT ALLOCATION.

In federal fiscal year 2012 and subsequent years, money for social services received from the federal government to reimburse counties for social service expenditures according to title XX of the Social Security Act shall be allocated to each county according to section 256M.40, except for funds allocated for administrative purposes and migrant day care. Title XX funds must not be used for any expenditures prohibited by section 2005 of the Social Security Act and all federal certification requirements under title XX must be met by counties receiving title XX funds under this chapter.

256M.60 DUTIES OF COUNTY BOARDS.

Subdivision 1.Responsibilities.

The county board of each county shall be responsible for administration and funding of services as defined in section 256M.10, subdivision 1. Each county board shall singly or in combination with other county boards use funds available to the county under Laws 2003, First Special Session chapter 14, to carry out these responsibilities.

Subd. 2.

[Repealed, 1Sp2011 c 9 art 1 s 35]

Subd. 3.Reports.

The county board shall provide necessary reports and data as required by the commissioner.

Subd. 4.Contracts for services.

The county board may contract with a human services board, a multicounty board established by a joint powers agreement, other political subdivisions, a children's mental health collaborative, a family services collaborative, or private organizations in discharging its duties.

Subd. 5.Exemption from liability.

The state of Minnesota, the county boards, or the agencies acting on behalf of the county boards in the implementation and administration of children and community services shall not be liable for damages, injuries, or liabilities sustained through the purchase of services by the individual, the individual's family, or the authorized representative under this section.

Subd. 6.Fees for services.

The county board may establish a schedule of fees based upon clients' ability to pay to be charged to recipients of children and community services. Payment, in whole or in part, for services may be accepted from any person except that no fee may be charged to persons or families whose adjusted gross household income is below the federal poverty level. When services are provided to any person, including a recipient of aids administered by the federal, state, or county government, payment of any charges due may be billed to and accepted from a public assistance agency or from any public or private corporation.

256M.70 FISCAL LIMITATIONS.

Subdivision 1.

[Repealed, 1Sp2011 c 9 art 1 s 35]

Subd. 2.Identification of services to be provided.

If a county has made reasonable efforts to provide services according to the service plan under section 256M.30, but funds appropriated for purposes of sections 256M.01 to 256M.80 are insufficient, then the county may limit services that do not meet the following criteria while giving the highest funding priority to clauses (1) and (2):

(1) services needed to protect individuals from maltreatment, abuse, and neglect;

(2) emergency and crisis services needed to protect clients from physical, emotional, or psychological harm;

(3) services that maintain a person in the person's home or least restrictive setting;

(4) assessment of persons applying for services and referral to appropriate services when necessary; and

(5) public guardianship services.

Subd. 3.Denial, reduction, or termination of services due to fiscal limitations.

Before a county denies, reduces, or terminates services to an individual due to fiscal limitations, the county must meet the requirements in this section. The county must notify the individual and the individual's guardian in writing of the reason for the denial, reduction, or termination of services and must inform the individual and the individual's guardian in writing that the county will, upon request, meet to discuss alternatives before services are terminated or reduced.

256M.80 PROGRAM EVALUATION.

Subdivision 1.County evaluation.

Each county shall submit to the commissioner data from the past calendar year on the outcomes and performance indicators in the service plan. The commissioner shall prescribe standard methods to be used by the counties in providing the data. The data shall be submitted no later than March 1 of each year.

Subd. 2.Statewide evaluation.

Six months after the end of the first full calendar year and annually thereafter, the commissioner shall make public the counties' progress in improving the outcomes of vulnerable children and adults related to safety, permanency, and well-being.

256M.90 [Renumbered 256.0112]