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60A.121 VALUATIONS; DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Application. The definitions in this section apply to sections 60A.121 to
60A.127.
    Subd. 2. Commercial mortgage loan. "Commercial mortgage loan" means a loan by an
insurer secured by a mortgage on commercial real estate. "Commercial mortgage loan" does
not include loans secured by residential real estate containing four or fewer dwelling units
or agricultural real estate.
    Subd. 2a. Contractual terms. "Contractual terms" means the principal and interest payments
of the commercial mortgage loan as scheduled in the mortgage agreement.
    Subd. 3. Delinquent mortgage loan. "Delinquent mortgage loan" means a loan 90 days
delinquent on a required payment of principal or interest.
    Subd. 4. Distressed mortgage loan. "Distressed mortgage loan" means a loan, other than a
delinquent loan, that is determined by the management of the insurer, in the exercise of its prudent
investment judgment, to involve circumstances that create a reasonable probability that the loan
may become a delinquent mortgage loan or a mortgage loan in foreclosure.
    Subd. 5. Independent appraiser. "Independent appraiser" means a person not employed by
the insurer, by an affiliate of the insurer, or by an investment advisor to the insurer who develops
and communicates real estate appraisals and holds a current, valid license issued under section
82B.02, or a similar law enacted by another state.
    Subd. 6. Internal appraisal. "Internal appraisal" means an appraisal to determine current
market value made by an internal appraiser and based upon an evaluation of:
(1) the property based upon a physical inspection of the premises;
(2) the current and expected stabilized cash flow generated by the property;
(3) the current and expected stabilized market rents in the geographic market where the
property is located; and
(4) the current and stabilized occupancy rates for the geographic market where the property
is located.
    Subd. 7. Internal appraiser. "Internal appraiser" means an individual:
(1) employed by an insurer, by an affiliate of the insurer, or by an investment advisor to
an insurer;
(2) who has training and experience qualifying the individual to appraise the value of
commercial real estate;
(3) whose direct or indirect compensation is not dependent upon the outcome of the
appraisals performed under sections 60A.121 to 60A.126; and
(4) who has direct reporting access to the chief investment officer of the insurer.
    Subd. 8. Insurer. "Insurer" means a domestic insurance company.
    Subd. 9. Mortgage loan in foreclosure. "Mortgage loan in foreclosure" means (1) a loan in
the process of foreclosure including the time required for expiration of any equitable or statutory
redemption rights; (2) a loan to a mortgagor who is the subject of a bankruptcy petition and who
is not making payments according to the contractual terms; or (3) a loan secured by a mortgage on
real estate that is subject to a senior mortgage or other lien that is being foreclosed.
    Subd. 10. Performing mortgage loan. "Performing mortgage loan" means a mortgage
loan current in payment and not in distress.
    Subd. 10a. Permanently impaired. A commercial mortgage loan will be "permanently
impaired" when, based on current information and events, it is probable that an insurer will be
unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms.
    Subd. 11. Real estate owned. "Real estate owned" means real property owned and acquired
by an insurer through or in lieu of foreclosure and as to which all equitable or statutory rights of
redemption have expired.
    Subd. 12. Restructured mortgage loan. "Restructured mortgage loan" means a loan where:
(1) material delinquent payments or accrued interest are capitalized and added to the balance
of an outstanding loan; or
(2) the insurer has abated or reduced interest payments below market rates existing at the
date of restructuring.
History: 1991 c 325 art 19 s 1; 2000 c 350 s 3-5