60A.096 QUALIFYING LETTER OF CREDIT.
Subdivision 1. Generally.
An admitted asset or a reduction in liability for reinsurance ceded
to an unauthorized assuming insurer providing a letter of credit pursuant to section
only be allowed when the letter of credit meets the requirements of this section.
Subd. 2. Content.
The letter of credit must be clean, irrevocable, and unconditional and
issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution as defined in section
. The letter of credit must contain an issue date and date of expiration and must stipulate
that the beneficiary need only draw a sight draft under the letter of credit and present it to obtain
funds and that no other document need be presented. The letter of credit must also state that it is
not subject to any condition or qualification outside of the letter of credit. In addition, the letter
of credit must not contain reference to any other agreements, documents, or entities, except
as provided in subdivision 10, paragraph (a).
As used in this section, "beneficiary" means the domestic insurer for whose benefit the letter
of credit has been established and any successor of the beneficiary by operation of law. If a court
of law appoints a successor in interest to the named beneficiary, then the named beneficiary
includes and is limited to the court appointed domiciliary receiver, including conservator,
rehabilitator, or liquidator.
Subd. 3. Form.
The heading of the letter of credit may include a boxed section which
contains the name of the applicant and other appropriate notations to provide a reference for the
letter of credit. The boxed section must be clearly marked to indicate that the information is for
internal identification purposes only.
Subd. 4. Reimbursement contingency prohibited.
The letter of credit must contain a
statement to the effect that the obligation of the qualified United States financial institution under
the letter of credit is in no way contingent upon reimbursement with respect to it.
Subd. 5. Expiration.
The term of the letter of credit must be for at least one year and must
contain an "evergreen clause" which prevents the expiration of the letter of credit without due
notice from the issuer. The "evergreen clause" must provide for a period of no less than 30 days'
notice before the expiration date or nonrenewal.
Subd. 6. Governing law.
The letter of credit must state whether it is subject to and governed
by the laws of this state or the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits of the
International Chamber of Commerce (Publication 400), and that all drafts drawn under it shall be
presentable at an office in the United States of a qualified United States financial institution.
Subd. 7. Extensions.
If the letter of credit is made subject to the Uniform Customs and
Practice for Documentary Credits of the International Chamber of Commerce (Publication 400),
then the letter of credit must specifically address and make provision for an extension of time
to draw against the letter of credit in the event that one or more of the occurrences specified in
Article 19 of Publication 400 occur.
Subd. 8. Issuance or confirmation.
The letter of credit must be issued or confirmed by a
qualified United States financial institution authorized to issue letters of credit under section
Subd. 9. Additional requirements.
If the letter of credit is issued by a qualified United
States financial institution authorized to issue letters of credit, other than a qualified United States
financial institution as described in subdivision 8, then the following additional requirements
must be met:
(1) the issuing qualified United States financial institution shall formally designate the
confirming qualified United States financial institution as its agent for the receipt and payment of
the drafts; and
(2) the "evergreen clause" must provide for no less than 30 days' notice before the expiration
date or nonrenewal.
Subd. 10. Reinsurance agreements provisions.
(a) The reinsurance agreement in
conjunction with which the letter of credit is obtained may contain provisions which:
(1) require the assuming insurer to provide letters of credit to the ceding insurer and specify
what they are to cover;
(2) stipulate that the assuming insurer and ceding insurer agree that the letter of credit
provided by the assuming insurer pursuant to the provisions of the reinsurance agreement may
be drawn upon at any time, notwithstanding any other provisions in the agreement, and must be
utilized by the ceding insurer or its successors in interest only for one or more of the following
reasons: to reimburse the ceding insurer for the assuming insurer's share of premiums returned to
the owners of policies reinsured under the reinsurance agreement on account of cancellations
of these policies; to reimburse the ceding insurer for the assuming insurer's share of surrenders
and benefits or losses paid by the ceding insurer under the terms and provisions of the policies
reinsured under the reinsurance agreement; to fund an account with the ceding insurer in an
amount at least equal to the deduction, for reinsurance ceded, from the ceding insurer's liabilities
for policies ceded under the agreement, including but not limited to, amounts for policy reserves,
claims and losses incurred, and unearned premium reserves; and to pay any other amounts the
ceding insurer claims are due under the reinsurance agreement; and
(3) provide that all of the provisions of this paragraph should be applied without diminution
because of insolvency of the ceding insurer or assuming insurer.
(b) Nothing in this subdivision precludes the ceding insurer and assuming insurer from
(1) an interest payment, at a rate not in excess of the prime rate of interest, on the amounts
held under paragraph (a), clause (2); and
(2) the return of any amounts drawn down on the letters of credit in excess of the actual
amounts required or, in the case of paragraph (a), clause (2), any amounts that are subsequently
determined not to be due.
(c) When a letter of credit is obtained in conjunction with a reinsurance agreement covering
risks other than life, annuities, and health, where it is customary practice to provide a letter of
credit for a specific purpose, then the reinsurance agreement may, in lieu of paragraph (a), clause
(2), require that the parties enter into a "trust agreement" which may be incorporated into the
reinsurance agreement or be a separate document.
Subd. 11. Limitation on use.
A letter of credit may not be used to reduce any liability for
reinsurance ceded to an unauthorized assuming insurer in financial statements required to be
filed with the commissioner unless an acceptable letter of credit with the filing ceding insurer
as beneficiary has been issued on or before the date of filing of the financial statement. Further,
the reduction for the letter of credit may be up to the amount available under the letter of credit
but no greater than the specific obligation under the reinsurance agreement which the letter of
credit was intended to secure.
Subd. 12. Existing documents.
Notwithstanding the effective date of this section (August 1,
1994), any letter of credit or underlying reinsurance agreement in existence prior to August 1,
1994, will continue to be acceptable until December 31, 1995, at which time the agreements will
have to be in full compliance with this section for the letter of credit to be acceptable; provided
however that the letter of credit or underlying reinsurance agreement has been in compliance with
laws or regulations in existence immediately preceding August 1, 1994.
History: 1994 c 426 s 2