Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

559.17 MORTGAGE NOT A CONVEYANCE; MORTGAGEE CANNOT POSSESS.
    Subdivision 1. Enforcement of rent assignment. A mortgage of real property is not to be
deemed a conveyance, so as to enable the owner of the mortgage to recover possession of the
real property without a foreclosure, except as permitted in subdivision 2. The enforcement of
an assignment of rents of the type described in subdivision 2 shall not be deemed prohibited
by this subdivision, nor because a foreclosure sale under the mortgage has extinguished all or
part of the mortgage debt.
    Subd. 2. Assignment; conditions. A mortgagor may assign, as additional security for the
debt secured by the mortgage, the rents and profits from the mortgaged real property, if the
mortgage:
(1) was executed, modified or amended subsequent to August 1, 1977;
(2) secured an original principal amount of $100,000 or more or is a lien upon residential
real estate containing more than four dwelling units; and
(3) is not a lien upon property which was:
(i) entirely homesteaded as agricultural property; or
(ii) residential real estate containing four or fewer dwelling units where at least one of the
units is homesteaded. The assignment may be enforced, but only against the nonhomestead
portion of the mortgaged property, as follows:
(a) if, by the terms of an assignment, a receiver is to be appointed upon the occurrence of
some specified event, and a showing is made that the event has occurred, the court shall, without
regard to waste, adequacy of the security, or solvency of the mortgagor, appoint a receiver who
shall, with respect to the excess cash remaining after application as provided in section 576.01,
subdivision 2
, apply it as prescribed by the assignment. If the assignment so provides, the receiver
shall apply the excess cash in the manner set out herein from the date of appointment through the
entire redemption period from any foreclosure sale. Subject to the terms of the assignment, the
receiver shall have the powers and duties as set forth in section 576.01, subdivision 2; or
(b) if no provision is made for the appointment of a receiver in the assignment or if by the
terms of the assignment a receiver may be appointed, the assignment shall be binding upon the
assignor unless or until a receiver is appointed without regard to waste, adequacy of the security
or solvency of the mortgagor, but only in the event of default in the terms and conditions of the
mortgage, and only in the event the assignment requires the holder thereof to first apply the rents
and profits received as provided in section 576.01, subdivision 2, in which case the same shall
operate against and be binding upon the occupiers of the premises from the date of recording by
the holder of the assignment in the office of the county recorder or the office of the registrar
of titles for the county in which the property is located of a notice of default in the terms and
conditions of the mortgage and service of a copy of the notice upon the occupiers of the premises.
The holder of the assignment shall apply the rents and profits received in accordance with the
terms of the assignment, and, if the assignment so provides, for the entire redemption period from
any foreclosure sale. A holder of an assignment who enforces it in accordance with this clause
shall not be deemed to be a mortgagee in possession with attendant liability.
Nothing contained herein shall prohibit the right to reinstate the mortgage debt granted
pursuant to section 580.30, nor the right to redeem granted pursuant to sections 580.23 and
581.10, and any excess cash, as that term is used herein, collected by the receiver under clause (a),
or any rents and profits taken by the holder of the assignment under clause (b), shall be credited to
the amount required to be paid to effect a reinstatement or redemption.
    Subd. 3. Expiration, satisfaction, release, and assignment. (a) An assignment of rents and
profits under this section, whether in the mortgage or in a separate instrument, shall expire:
(1) with respect to the rents and profits from all of the mortgaged property, when an action or
proceeding to foreclose the mortgage is barred by section 541.03, or upon recording in the office
of the county recorder or in the office of the registrar of titles of the county where the mortgaged
property is located, of a satisfaction of the mortgage or a certificate of release complying with
section 507.401 in lieu of a satisfaction of the mortgage; or
(2) with respect to the rents and profits from a portion of the mortgaged property, upon
recording in the office of the county recorder or the registrar of titles of the county where that
portion of the mortgaged property is located, of a release of that portion of the mortgaged property
from the lien of the mortgage, or a certificate of release complying with section 507.401 in lieu of
a release of that portion of the mortgaged property.
No separate reassignment of the rents and profits or satisfaction or release of the assignment is
required.
(b) An assignment of a mortgage, whether or not the mortgage mentions an assignment of
rents and profits, is sufficient to assign both the mortgage and the assignment of rents and profits
permitted by this subdivision which secures the debt secured by the mortgage, and no separate
assignment of the assignment of rents and profits shall be required.
History: (9572) RL s 4441; 1969 c 711 s 1; 1977 c 202 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1992 c 376 art 2 s 1;
1993 c 6 s 2; 2000 c 450 s 6; 2003 c 5 art 2 s 3; 2005 c 4 s 133,134