CHAPTER 40A. AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION PROGRAM
Table of Sections
|40A.01||STATE AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION POLICY.|
|40A.03||PILOT COUNTY AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.|
|40A.04||STATEWIDE AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.|
|40A.05||ELEMENTS OF PLAN AND OFFICIAL CONTROLS.|
|40A.06||CONTESTED CASE HEARINGS; JUDICIAL REVIEW.|
|40A.07||MUNICIPAL AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.|
|40A.071||AMENDED PLAN AND CONTROLS.|
|40A.08||Repealed, 1991 c 345 art 2 s 69
|40A.09||AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE; ELIGIBILITY.|
|40A.10||APPLICATION FOR CREATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE.|
|40A.11||DURATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE.|
|40A.12||PROTECTION FOR NORMAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES.|
|40A.122||EMINENT DOMAIN ACTIONS.|
|40A.123||LIMITATION ON CERTAIN PUBLIC PROJECTS.|
|40A.13||SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES.|
|40A.14||AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION AWARENESS PROGRAM.|
|40A.15||AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.|
|40A.151||MINNESOTA CONSERVATION FUND.|
|40A.152||COUNTY CONSERVATION FEE; ACCOUNT.|
|40A.19||TRANSFER FROM AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY TAX LAW TREATMENT.|
40A.01 STATE AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION POLICY.
Subdivision 1. Goals.
The goals of this chapter are to:
(1) preserve and conserve agricultural land, including forest land, for long-term agricultural
use in order to protect the productive natural resources of the state, maintain the farm and
farm-related economy of the state, and assure continued production of food and timber and
(2) preserve and conserve soil and water resources; and
(3) encourage the orderly development of rural and urban land uses.
Subd. 2. Methods.
The goals contained in subdivision 1 will be best met by combining
state policies and guidelines with local implementation and enforcement procedures and private
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 31; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 128
Subdivision 1. Terms defined.
As used in this chapter, the terms defined in this section have
the meanings given them.
Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1991 c 345 art 2 s 69
Subd. 3. Agricultural use.
"Agricultural use" means the production of livestock, dairy
animals, dairy products, poultry or poultry products, fur-bearing animals, horticultural or nursery
stock, fruit, vegetables, forage, grains, timber, trees, or bees and apiary products. "Agricultural
use" also includes wetlands, pasture, forest land, wildlife land, and other uses that depend on
the inherent productivity of the land.
Subd. 4. Board.
"Board" means the Board of Water and Soil Resources.
Subd. 5. Commissioner.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of agriculture.
Subd. 6. Crop equivalent rating.
"Crop equivalent rating" means a rating that reflects the
net economic return per acre of soil when managed for cultivated crops, permanent pasture, or
forest, whichever provides the highest net return.
Subd. 7. Department.
"Department" means the Department of Agriculture.
Subd. 8. Development.
"Development" means the subdivision and partitioning of land or the
construction of residences on land or the conversion to competing land uses.
Subd. 9. District.
"District" means a soil and water conservation district.
Subd. 10. Agricultural preserve or preserve.
"Agricultural preserve" or "preserve" means a
preserve created under this chapter.
Subd. 11. Forest land.
"Forest land" means land that is at least ten percent stocked by trees
of any size and capable of producing timber, or of exerting an influence on the climate or on the
water regime; land that the trees described above have been removed from to less than ten percent
stocking and that has not been developed for other use; and afforested areas.
Subd. 12. Local government.
"Local government" means a county or municipality.
Subd. 13. Metropolitan area.
"Metropolitan area" has the meaning given in section
Subd. 14. Municipality.
"Municipality" means a statutory or home rule charter city or town.
Subd. 15. Official controls.
"Official controls" or "controls" has the meaning given in
394.22, subdivision 6
Subd. 16. Soil survey.
"Soil survey" means the comprehensive inventory and classification
of soil types being conducted by the Minnesota Cooperative Soil Survey.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 32; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 129-131; 1987 c 358 s 34; 1987 c 384
art 3 s 42; 1989 c 313 s 1
40A.03 PILOT COUNTY AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.
Subdivision 1. Pilot counties; selection.
By January 1, 1985, the commissioner, in
consultation with counties and regional development commissions, where they exist, shall select
not more than seven counties located outside of the metropolitan area that request to participate in
a pilot program for county agricultural land preservation. If possible, counties shall include:
(1) a county that currently has official controls for agricultural land preservation and an
adjacent county that does not have official controls;
(2) a county that is experiencing problems with forest land preservation;
(3) a county where a high level of development is likely to occur in the next ten years; and
(4) other counties representing a cross-section of agricultural uses and land management
problems in the state.
Subd. 2. Plans and official controls.
By December 31, 1987, each pilot county selected
under subdivision 1 shall submit to the commissioner and to the regional development
commission in which it is located, if one exists, a proposed agricultural land preservation plan
and proposed official controls implementing the plan. The commissioner, in consultation with
the regional development commission, shall review the plan and controls for consistency with
the elements in this chapter and shall submit written comments to the county within 90 days of
receipt of the proposal. The comments must include a determination of whether the plan and
controls are consistent with the elements in this chapter. The commissioner shall notify the county
of its determination. If the commissioner determines that the plan and controls are consistent, the
county shall adopt the controls within 60 days of completion of the commissioner's review.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 33; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 132; 1987 c 396 art 7 s 1
40A.04 STATEWIDE AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.
Subdivision 1. Counties.
After January 1, 1987, a county located outside of the metropolitan
area may submit to the commissioner and to the regional development commission in which it is
located, if one exists, a proposed agricultural land preservation plan and proposed official controls
implementing the plan. To the extent practicable, submission of the proposal must coincide with
the completion of the county soil survey. The commissioner, in consultation with the regional
development commission, shall review the plan and controls for consistency with the elements
in this chapter and shall submit written comments to the county within 60 days of receipt of the
proposal. The comments must include a determination of whether the plan and controls are
consistent with the elements in this chapter. The commissioner shall notify the county of its
determination. If the commissioner determines that the plan and controls are consistent, the
county shall adopt the controls within 90 days of completion of the commissioner's review. If the
commissioner determines that the plan and controls are not consistent, the comments must include
the additional elements that must be addressed by the county. The county shall amend its plan
and controls to include the additional elements and adopt the amended controls within 120 days
of completion of the commissioner's review.
Subd. 2. Nonmetropolitan city.
A city that is located partially within a county in the
metropolitan area but is not included in the definition of the metropolitan area may elect to
be governed by this section. The city may:
(1) request the county outside of the metropolitan area where it is partially located to include
the city in the agricultural land preservation plan and official controls of the county under section
(2) perform the duties of a county independently under this section.
If the city does not elect to be governed by this section, the city may perform the duties of
an authority under chapter 473H.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 34; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 133; 1989 c 313 s 2
40A.05 ELEMENTS OF PLAN AND OFFICIAL CONTROLS.
Subdivision 1. General.
The plans and official controls prepared under this chapter must be
adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 394 or 462 that apply to comprehensive
plans and official controls and must address the elements contained in this section.
Subd. 2. Plan.
A plan must address at least the following elements:
(1) integration with comprehensive county and municipal plans;
(2) relationship with shoreland, surface water, and other land use management plans;
(3) identification of land currently in agricultural use, including the type of agricultural use,
the relative productive value of the land based on the crop equivalent rating, and the existing
level of investment in buildings and equipment;
(4) identification of forest land;
(5) identification of areas in which development is occurring or is likely to occur during the
next 20 years;
(6) identification of existing and proposed public sanitary sewer and water systems;
(7) classification of land suitable for long-term agricultural use and its current and future
(8) determination of present and future housing needs representing a variety of price and
rental levels and an identification of areas adequate to meet the demonstrated or projected
(9) a general statement of policy as to how the county will achieve the goals of this chapter.
Subd. 3. Official controls.
Official controls implementing a plan must be consistent with the
plan and must address at least the following elements:
(1) designation of land suitable for long-term agricultural use and the creation of exclusive
agricultural use zones, allowing for conditional, compatible uses that do not conflict with
long-term agricultural use;
(2) designation of urban expansion zones where limited growth and development may
(3) residential density requirements and minimum lot sizes in exclusive agricultural use
zones and urban expansion zones; and
(4) standards and procedures for county decisions on rezoning, subdivision, and parcel
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 35; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 134,135
40A.06 CONTESTED CASE HEARINGS; JUDICIAL REVIEW.
If a county or a municipality in the county disputes the determination of the commissioner
relating to whether the plan and controls address the elements under this chapter, the county or
municipality may request that the commissioner initiate a contested case proceeding under chapter
14 within 30 days after receiving the determination. In addition, ten or more eligible voters of
the county who own real estate within the county may request a contested case proceeding. The
commissioner shall initiate the proceeding within 30 days after receiving the request. Judicial
review of the contested case decision is as provided in chapter 14.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 36; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 136
40A.07 MUNICIPAL AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION.
Subdivision 1. Failure by county to plan.
As of January 1, 1990, if a county has not
submitted a proposed agricultural land preservation plan and proposed official controls to the
commissioner and the regional development commission, if one exists, a municipality within
the county may request by resolution that the county submit a plan and official controls to the
commissioner and the regional development commission. If the county does not do so within
one year of receipt of the resolution, the municipality may perform the duties of the county with
respect to land under its jurisdiction.
Subd. 2. Relationship to other laws.
Nothing in this chapter limits a municipality's power to
plan or adopt official controls under other laws or to adopt official controls that are consistent with
or more restrictive than those enacted by the county.
Subd. 3. Consistency of municipal plans and controls with county plan.
shall revise existing plans and official controls to conform with the county approved agricultural
land preservation plan and official controls and shall initiate implementation of the revised plans
and controls within one year after receiving the county approved agricultural land preservation
plan and controls.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 37; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 137,138
40A.071 AMENDED PLAN AND CONTROLS.
A county or municipality that has adopted a plan and official controls under this chapter may
amend the plan and controls under the initial review procedure contained in section
History: 1Sp1985 c 13 s 139
40A.09 AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE; ELIGIBILITY.
An owner or owners of land that has been designated for exclusive long-term agricultural use
under a plan submitted to or approved by the commissioner is eligible to apply for the creation of
an agricultural preserve. Eligibility continues unless the commissioner determines that the plan
and official controls do not address the elements contained in this chapter or unless the county
fails to implement the plan and official controls as required by this chapter.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 39; 1989 c 313 s 10
40A.10 APPLICATION FOR CREATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE.
Subdivision 1. Contents.
An eligible person may apply to the county in which the land is
located for the creation of an agricultural preserve on forms provided by the commissioner. In
case a preserve is located in more than one county, the application must be submitted to the county
in which the majority of the land is located. The application shall be executed and acknowledged
in the manner required by law to execute and acknowledge a deed and must contain at least the
following information and other information the commissioner requires:
(a) Legal description of the area to be designated and parcel identification numbers where
designated by the county auditor;
(b) Name and address of the owner;
(c) A statement by the owner covenanting that the land will be kept in exclusive agricultural
use and will be used in accordance with the provisions of this chapter that exist on the date of
application and providing that the restrictive covenant will be binding on the owner or the owner's
successor or assignee, and will run with the land.
Subd. 2. Review and notice.
Upon receipt of an application, the county shall determine if
all material required by subdivision 1 has been submitted and, if so, shall determine that the
application is complete. When used in this chapter, the term "date of application" means the date
the application is determined to be complete by the county. The county shall send a copy of the
application to the county assessor, the regional development commission, where applicable, and
the soil and water conservation district where the land is located. The district shall prepare an
advisory statement of existing and potential conservation problems in the zone. The district shall
send the statement to the owner of record and to the commissioner. A copy of the application and
a legal description of the property must also be sent to the commissioner.
Subd. 3. Recording.
Within five days of the date of application, the county shall forward the
application to the county recorder for recording, or to the registrar of titles for filing if the land is
registered. The county recorder shall record the application containing the restrictive covenant
and return it to the applicant. If the land is registered, the registrar of titles shall memorialize
the application containing the restrictive covenant upon the certificate of title. The recorder or
registrar of titles shall notify the county that the application has been recorded or memorialized.
Subd. 4. Commencement of agricultural preserve.
The land is an agricultural preserve
and subject to the benefits and restrictions of this chapter commencing 30 days from the date the
county determines the application is complete under subdivision 1.
Subd. 5. Fee.
The county may require an application fee, not to exceed $50.
Subd. 6. Maps.
The commissioner shall maintain agricultural preserve maps illustrating land
covenanted as agricultural preserves.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 40; 1989 c 313 s 3,10; 1999 c 11 art 1 s 1,2
40A.11 DURATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRESERVE.
Subdivision 1. General.
An agricultural preserve continues in existence until either the
owner or the county initiates expiration as provided in this section. The date of expiration by the
owner or the county must be at least eight years from the date of notice under this section.
Subd. 2. Termination by owner.
The owner may initiate expiration of an agricultural
preserve by notifying the county on a form prepared by the commissioner and available in each
county. The notice must describe the property involved and must state the date of expiration. The
notice may be rescinded by the owner during the first two years following notice.
Subd. 3. Termination by county.
The county may initiate expiration of the agricultural
preserve by notifying the owner by registered mail on a form provided by the commissioner,
provided that before notification the following conditions are met:
(a) The agricultural land preservation plan and official controls have been amended so that
the land is no longer designated for long-term agricultural use; and
(b) The commissioner has reviewed and approved the amended plan and official controls for
consistency with the guidelines contained in this chapter. The notice must describe the property
involved and must state the date of expiration.
Subd. 4. Notice and recording; termination.
When the county receives notice under
subdivision 2 or serves notice under subdivision 3, the county shall forward the original notice
to the county recorder for recording, or to the registrar of titles if the land is registered, and
shall notify the regional development commission, the commissioner, and the county soil and
water conservation district of the date of expiration. Designation as an agricultural preserve and
the benefits and limitations contained in this chapter and the restrictive covenant filed with the
application cease on the date of expiration. If the land is registered, the registrar of titles shall
cancel the memorial of the application containing the restrictive covenant upon the certificate of
title on the effective date of the expiration.
Subd. 5. Early expiration.
An agricultural preserve may be terminated earlier than as
provided in this section only in the event of a public emergency upon petition from the owner or
county to the governor. The determination of a public emergency must be made by the governor
through executive order under section
and chapter 12. The executive order must identify the
agricultural preserve, the reasons requiring the action, and the date of expiration.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 41; 1989 c 313 s 4,10; 1999 c 11 art 1 s 3
40A.12 PROTECTION FOR NORMAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES.
Local governments may not enact ordinances or regulations that may restrict or regulate
normal agricultural practices within an agricultural preserve unless the restriction or regulation
has a direct relationship to public health and safety. This section applies to the operation of
vehicles and machinery for planting, maintaining, and harvesting crops and timber and for caring
and feeding farm animals, to the type of farming, and to the design of farm structures, except
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 42; 1989 c 313 s 10
40A.121 ANNEXATION PROCEEDINGS.
Subdivision 1. Annexation prohibited.
Land within an agricultural preserve that is within
a township may not be annexed to a municipality under chapter 414, unless the director of the
Office of Strategic and Long-Range Planning finds that either:
(1) the owner or the county has initiated termination of the zone under section
(2) because of size, tax base, population or other relevant factors, the township would not be
able to provide normal governmental functions and services; or
(3) the zone would be completely surrounded by lands within a municipality.
Subd. 2. Exception.
This section does not apply to annexation agreements approved under
chapter 414 prior to creation of the zone.
History: 1Sp1985 c 13 s 140; 1989 c 313 s 10; 2003 c 2 art 5 s 3
40A.122 EMINENT DOMAIN ACTIONS.
Subdivision 1. Applicability.
An agency of the state, a public benefit corporation, a local
government, or any other entity with the power of eminent domain under chapter 117, except a
public utility as defined in section
, a municipal electric or gas utility, a municipal power
agency, a cooperative electric association organized under chapter 308A, or a pipeline operating
under the authority of the Natural Gas Act, United States Code, title 15, sections 717 to 717z,
shall follow the procedures in this section before:
(1) acquiring land or an easement in land with a total area over ten acres within an
agricultural preserve; or
(2) advancing a grant, loan, interest subsidy, or other funds for the construction of dwellings,
commercial or industrial facilities, or water or sewer facilities that could be used to serve
structures in areas that are not for agricultural use, that require an acquisition of land or an
easement in an exclusive agricultural zone.
Subd. 2. Notice of intent.
At least 60 days before an action described in subdivision 1,
notice of intent must be filed with the Environmental Quality Board containing information and in
the manner and form required by the Environmental Quality Board. The notice of intent must
contain a report justifying the proposed action, including an evaluation of alternatives that would
not affect land within an agricultural preserve.
Subd. 3. Review and order.
The Environmental Quality Board, in consultation with affected
local governments, shall review the proposed action to determine its effect on the preservation
and enhancement of agriculture and agricultural uses within the zone and the relationship to local
and regional comprehensive plans. If the Environmental Quality Board finds that the proposed
action might have an unreasonable effect on a zone, the Environmental Quality Board shall issue
an order within the 60-day period under subdivision 2 for the party to refrain from the proposed
action for an additional 60 days.
Subd. 4. Public hearing.
During the additional 60 days, the Environmental Quality Board
shall hold a public hearing concerning the proposed action at a place within the affected zone
or easily accessible to the zone. Notice of the hearing must be published in a newspaper having
a general circulation within the area of the zone. Individual written notice must be given to
the local governments with jurisdiction over the zone, the agency, corporation or government
proposing to take the action, the owner of land in the zone, and any public agency having the
power of review or approval of the action.
Subd. 5. Joint review.
The review process required in this section may be conducted jointly
with any other environmental impact review by the Environmental Quality Board.
Subd. 6. Suspension of action.
The Environmental Quality Board may suspend an eminent
domain action for up to one year if it determines that the action is contrary to the purposes of
this chapter and that there are feasible and prudent alternatives that may have a less negative
impact on a zone.
Subd. 7. Termination of zone.
Designation as an agricultural preserve and all benefits
and limitations under this chapter, including the restrictive covenant for the portion of the zone
taken, ends on the date the final certificate is filed with the administrator of district court under
Subd. 8. Action by attorney general.
The Environmental Quality Board may request the
attorney general to bring an action to enjoin an agency, corporation or government from violating
Subd. 9. Exception.
This section does not apply to an emergency project that is immediately
necessary for the protection of life and property.
History: 1Sp1985 c 13 s 141; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 1 s 82; 1989 c 313 s 10; 1989 c 356 s 4
40A.123 LIMITATION ON CERTAIN PUBLIC PROJECTS.
Subdivision 1. Projects and assessments prohibited; exception.
Notwithstanding any other
law, construction projects for public sanitary sewer systems, public water systems, and public
drainage systems are prohibited in exclusive agricultural use zones. New connections between
land or buildings in a zone and public projects are prohibited. Land in a zone may not be assessed
for public projects built in the vicinity of the zone.
Subd. 2. Exception; owner option.
Subdivision 1 does not apply to public projects necessary
to serve land primarily in agricultural use or if the owner of land in an agricultural preserve
elects to use and benefit from a public project.
Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1989 c 313 s 11
History: 1Sp1985 c 13 s 142; 1989 c 313 s 10
40A.13 SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES.
Subdivision 1. Conservation practices to prevent soil loss required.
An owner of
agricultural land in an agricultural preserve shall manage the land with sound soil conservation
practices that prevent excessive soil loss according to the model ordinance adopted by the
commissioner. The model ordinance and sections
, and sections relating to
soil loss apply to all land in an exclusive agricultural zone. A sound soil conservation practice
prevents excessive soil loss or reduces soil loss to the most practicable extent.
Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1Sp1985 c 13 s 376
Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1Sp1985 c 13 s 376
Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1Sp1985 c 13 s 376
Subd. 5.[Repealed, 1Sp1985 c 13 s 376
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 43; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 143; 1989 c 313 s 10; 1990 c 391 art 8 s 5
40A.14 AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION AWARENESS
Subdivision 1. Establishment and administration.
An agricultural land preservation and
conservation awareness program is created. The commissioner shall administer the program
as provided in this section. The purposes of the program are to promote and increase public
(1) the need for agricultural land preservation and conservation and the consequences of
(2) the physical, environmental, and social factors that affect agricultural land use; and
(3) the availability and effectiveness of agricultural land preservation and conservation
approaches and technologies.
The commissioner shall administer the program in order to develop a working partnership
between the state and local governments.
Subd. 2. Survey.
The commissioner shall survey awareness of agricultural land preservation
and conservation problems, technologies, and available technical and financial resources. The
survey must include:
(1) an assessment of related efforts of the United States Department of Agriculture, the
Board of Water and Soil Resources, the Minnesota Association of Soil and Water Conservation
Districts, and other related public and private organizations;
(2) an assessment of programs in other states; and
(3) an assessment of attitudes among a variety of target audiences in Minnesota that are
involved in or affected by land use decisions.
Subd. 3.[Repealed, 2001 c 161 s 58
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 44; 1987 c 358 s 34; 1987 c 384 art 3 s 42
40A.15 AGRICULTURAL LAND PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION
Subdivision 1. Establishment and administration.
An agricultural land preservation and
conservation assistance program is created to provide technical and financial assistance for
agricultural land preservation and conservation activities and to provide assistance to counties
and municipalities in preparing agricultural land preservation plans and official controls. The
commissioner shall administer the program under rules promulgated under chapter 14. The
commissioner shall actively seek the involvement of local government officials in the rulemaking
Subd. 2. Eligible recipients.
All counties within the state, municipalities that prepare
plans and official controls instead of a county, and districts are eligible for assistance under the
program. Counties and districts may apply for assistance on behalf of other municipalities. In
order to be eligible for financial assistance a county or municipality must agree to levy at least
0.01209 percent of taxable market value for agricultural land preservation and conservation
activities or otherwise spend the equivalent amount of local money on those activities, or spend
$15,000 of local money, whichever is less.
Subd. 3. Program development.
In administering the program the commissioner shall time
the promotion of public awareness and the distribution of technical and financial assistance in
order to maximize the use of available resources, facilitate the agricultural land preservation
process, and promote sound soil conservation practices.
Subd. 4. Financial assistance.
The commissioner shall administer grants for up to 50
percent of the cost of the activity to be funded, except that grants to the pilot counties shall be
for 100 percent of the cost up to $30,000 of preparing new plans and official controls required
under this chapter. Grants may not be used to reimburse the recipient for activities that are already
completed. Grants may be used to employ and train staff, contract with other units of government
or private consultants, and pay other expenses related to promoting and implementing agricultural
land preservation and conservation activities. The commissioner shall prepare and publish an
inventory of sources of financial assistance. To the extent practicable, the commissioner shall
assist recipients in obtaining matching grants from other sources.
Subd. 5. Technical assistance.
The commissioner shall provide for technical assistance for
eligible recipients. The commissioner shall provide model plans and model official controls for
the preservation of land for long-term agricultural use that address the elements contained in this
chapter. To the extent practicable, the commissioner shall provide technical assistance through
existing administrative structures. The commissioner may contract for the delivery of technical
assistance by a regional development commission, a district, any state or federal agency, any
political subdivision of the state, or private consultants. The commissioner shall prepare and
publish an inventory of sources of technical assistance, including studies, publications, agencies,
and persons available.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 45; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 144; 1988 c 719 art 5 s 84; 1989 c 277 art
4 s 4
40A.151 MINNESOTA CONSERVATION FUND.
Subdivision 1. Establishment.
The Minnesota conservation fund is established as an
account in the state treasury. Money from counties under section
must be deposited in
the state treasury and credited one-half to the Minnesota conservation fund account and one-half
to the general fund.
Subd. 2. Use of fund.
Money in the fund is annually appropriated to the commissioner of
revenue to reimburse taxing jurisdictions as provided in sections
History: 1986 c 398 art 28 s 1; 2002 c 377 art 12 s 2
40A.152 COUNTY CONSERVATION FEE; ACCOUNT.
Subdivision 1. Fee.
A county that is a metropolitan county under section
, has allowed exclusive agricultural zones to be created under this chapter, or has
elected to become an agricultural land preservation pilot county, shall impose an additional fee of
$5 per transaction on the recording or registration of a mortgage subject to the tax under section
and an additional $5 on the recording or registration of a deed subject to the tax under
. One-half of the fee must be deposited in a special conservation account to be
created in the county general revenue fund and one-half must be transferred to the commissioner
of revenue for deposit in the state treasury pursuant to section
40A.151, subdivision 1
Subd. 2. Use of account.
Money from the county conservation account must be spent by the
county to reimburse the county and taxing jurisdictions within the county for revenue lost under
the conservation tax credit under section
or the valuation of agricultural preserves under
. If expenditures from other county funds for the same purposes remain at least
equal to the amount spent in the previous county budget year, money remaining in the account
after the reimbursements are made may be spent for the following purposes:
(1) agricultural land preservation and conservation planning and implementation of official
controls under this chapter or chapter 473H;
(2) soil conservation activities and enforcement of soil loss ordinances;
(3) incentives for landowners who create exclusive agricultural use zones;
(4) payments to municipalities within the county for the purposes of clauses (1) to (3).
Subd. 3. Transfer to state fund.
Money in the county conservation account that is not
encumbered by the county within one year of deposit in the account must be transferred to
the commissioner of revenue for deposit in the state treasury pursuant to section
History: 1986 c 398 art 28 s 2; 1987 c 396 art 7 s 2,3; 2002 c 377 art 12 s 3,4
40A.16 INTERAGENCY COOPERATION.
The board, districts, the agency, and the Department of Natural Resources shall cooperate
with and assist the commissioner in developing and implementing the agricultural land
preservation and conservation awareness and assistance programs. The commissioner may
enter into agreements under which staff from those agencies are loaned for the purpose of
administering the programs.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 46
The commissioner shall report to the legislature on January 1 of each year on activities
under this chapter. By July 1, 1985, the report must include the survey of public awareness in
the awareness program. The report shall include recommendations for funding levels and other
necessary legislative action.
History: 1984 c 654 art 3 s 47; 1989 c 313 s 5
40A.18 LAND USE.
Subdivision 1. Agricultural production.
Land within an agricultural preserve must be
maintained for agricultural production. The average maximum density of residential structures
within an agricultural preserve and the location of a new structure must conform to locally
applicable plan or zoning regulations. Commercial and industrial uses are not permitted except
as provided in subdivision 2 after the user is issued a permit by the local government. The local
government is responsible for enforcing this section.
Subd. 2. Allowed commercial and industrial operations.
Commercial and industrial
operations are not allowed on land within an agricultural preserve except:
(1) small on-farm commercial or industrial operations normally associated with and
important to farming in the agricultural preserve area;
(2) storage use of existing farm buildings that does not disrupt the integrity of the agricultural
(3) small commercial use of existing farm buildings for trades not disruptive to the integrity
of the agricultural preserve such as a carpentry shop, small scale mechanics shop, and similar
activities that a farm operator might conduct.
"Existing" in clauses (2) and (3) means existing on August 1, 1989.
Subd. 3. Density restriction after subdivision.
If a separate parcel is created for a residential
structure, commercial, or industrial use permitted under subdivision 1, the parcel is no longer
an agricultural preserve unless the eligibility requirements of section
and any county
eligibility requirements are met. However, the separate parcel must remain under the maximum
residential density restrictions in effect for the original preserve at the time it was placed into the
preserve until the agricultural preserve status for the original parcel ends.
History: 1989 c 313 s 6
40A.19 TRANSFER FROM AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY TAX LAW TREATMENT.
When land which has been receiving the special agricultural valuation and tax deferment
provided in section
becomes an agricultural preserve under sections
the recapture of deferred tax and special assessments as provided in section
9 and 11
, may not be made. Special assessments deferred under section
, at the date of
commencement of the preserve, must continue to be deferred for the duration of the preserve.
All these deferred special assessments are payable within 90 days of the date of expiration
unless other terms are mutually agreed upon by the authority and the owner. In the event of
early termination of a preserve or a portion of it under section
40A.11, subdivision 5
, all special
assessments accruing to the terminated portion plus interest are payable within 90 days of the
date of termination unless otherwise deferred or abated by executive order of the governor. In the
event of a taking under section
, all special assessments accruing to the taken portion
plus interest are payable within 90 days of the date the final certificate is filed with the court
administrator of district court in accordance with section
History: 1989 c 313 s 7