Subdivision 1. Conduct of hearings.
A complaint issued by the commissioner shall be heard
as a contested case, except that the report of the administrative law judge shall be binding on all
parties to the proceeding and if appropriate shall be implemented by an order as provided for in
subdivision 3. The hearing shall be conducted at a place designated by the commissioner, within
the county where the unfair discriminatory practice occurred or where the respondent resides or
has a principal place of business. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with sections
, and is subject to appeal in accordance with sections
Subd. 2. Hearings 180 days after charge.
At any time after 180 days from the filing of a
charge, if there has been neither a finding of probable cause nor of no probable cause, the charging
party may file a request with the commissioner to appear at a hearing on the party's own behalf
or through a private attorney. The amount of time during which a case is involved in significant
settlement negotiations, is being investigated by another enforcement agency under a work
sharing agreement, or has been referred to mediation or to a local human rights commission for no
fault grievance processing is not counted in computing the 180 days. Tolling of the time during
settlement negotiations requires written approval of the charging party or the party's attorney.
The right of a charging party to file a request for hearing does not apply in cases that have been
certified as complex by the commissioner within 60 days of the filing of the charge. A case may
not be certified as complex unless it involves multiple parties or issues, presents complex issues
of law or fact, or presents substantially new issues of law in the discrimination area. Within five
days of certifying a case as complex, the commissioner shall give notice of the certification to the
charging party and the respondent. The commissioner shall make a determination of probable
cause or no probable cause within one year of the filing of a case in which the time has not been
counted or a case certified as complex. Upon receipt of the request, the commissioner shall review
the documents and information held in the department's files concerning the charge and shall
release to the charging party and respondent all documents and information that are accessible to
the charging party and respondent under chapter 13. The commissioner shall forward the request
for hearing to the Office of Administrative Hearings, which shall promptly set the matter for
hearing. If the charging party prevails at this hearing, the administrative law judge may require
the respondent to reimburse the charging party for reasonable attorney's fees.
Subd. 3. Determination of discriminatory practice.
The administrative law judge shall
make findings of fact and conclusions of law, and if the administrative law judge finds that the
respondent has engaged in an unfair discriminatory practice, the administrative law judge shall
issue an order directing the respondent to cease and desist from the unfair discriminatory practice
found to exist and to take such affirmative action as in the judgment of the administrative law judge
will effectuate the purposes of this chapter. The order shall be a final decision of the department.
Subd. 4. Civil penalty; punitive damages.
(a) The administrative law judge shall order any
respondent found to be in violation of any provision of sections
, to pay a civil penalty to the state. This penalty is in addition to compensatory and
punitive damages to be paid to an aggrieved party. The administrative law judge shall determine
the amount of the civil penalty to be paid, taking into account the seriousness and extent of the
violation, the public harm occasioned by the violation, whether the violation was intentional, and
the financial resources of the respondent. Any penalties imposed under this provision shall be
paid into the general fund of the state. In all cases where the administrative law judge finds
that the respondent has engaged in an unfair discriminatory practice, the administrative law
judge shall order the respondent to pay an aggrieved party, who has suffered discrimination,
compensatory damages in an amount up to three times the actual damages sustained. In all cases,
the administrative law judge may also order the respondent to pay an aggrieved party, who has
suffered discrimination, damages for mental anguish or suffering and reasonable attorney's fees,
in addition to punitive damages in an amount not more than $8,500. Punitive damages shall be
awarded pursuant to section
(b) In any case where a political subdivision is a respondent, the total of punitive damages
awarded an aggrieved party may not exceed $8,500 and in that case if there are two or more
respondents the punitive damages may be apportioned among them. Punitive damages may only
be assessed against a political subdivision in its capacity as a corporate entity and no regular or
ex officio member of a governing body of a political subdivision shall be personally liable for
payment of punitive damages pursuant to subdivisions 3 to 6.
Subd. 5. Other remedies.
In addition to the remedies in subdivision 4, in a case involving
(1) employment, the administrative law judge may order the hiring, reinstatement or
upgrading of an aggrieved party, who has suffered discrimination, with or without back pay,
admission or restoration to membership in a labor organization, or admission to or participation in
an apprenticeship training program, on-the-job training program, or other retraining program, or
any other relief the administrative law judge deems just and equitable; or
(2) housing, the administrative law judge may order the sale, lease, or rental of the housing
accommodation or other real property to an aggrieved party, who has suffered discrimination, or
the sale, lease, or rental of a like accommodation or other real property owned by or under the
control of the person against whom the complaint was filed, according to terms as listed with a
real estate broker, or if no such listing has been made, as otherwise advertised or offered by the
vendor or lessor, or any other relief the administrative law judge deems just and equitable.
Subd. 6. Service of findings.
The administrative law judge shall cause the findings of fact,
conclusions of law, and order to be served on the respondent personally, on the charging party by
registered or certified mail, and shall furnish copies to the attorney general and the commissioner.
Subd. 7. Dismissal of hearing.
If the administrative law judge makes findings of fact,
conclusions of law, and an order in favor of the respondent, the order shall be a final decision of
Subd. 8. Respondents subject to state licensing or regulatory power.
In the case of a
respondent which is subject to the licensing or regulatory power of the state or any political
subdivision or agency thereof, if the administrative law judge determines that the respondent
has engaged in a discriminatory practice, and if the respondent does not cease to engage in
such discriminatory practice, the commissioner may so certify to the licensing or regulatory
agency. Unless such determination of discriminatory practice is reversed in the course of judicial
review, a final determination is binding on the licensing or regulatory agency. Such agency may
take appropriate administrative action, including suspension or revocation of the respondent's
license or certificate of public convenience and necessity, if the agency is otherwise authorized
to take such action.
Subd. 9. Public contracts.
In the case of a respondent which is a party to a public contract,
if the administrative law judge determines that the respondent has engaged in a discriminatory
practice, the commissioner may so certify to the contract letting agency. Unless the finding of
a discriminatory practice is reversed in the course of judicial review, a final determination is
binding on the contract letting agency and the agency may take appropriate administrative action,
including the imposition of financial penalties or termination of the contract, in whole or in part, if
the agency is otherwise authorized to take the action.
Subd. 10. Subpoenas.
After the issuance of a complaint pursuant to section
, a charging party or a respondent may request that the administrative law judge
issue subpoenas requiring the presence of witnesses or the production for examination of books or
papers not privileged and relevant to any matter in question at the hearing.
Subd. 11. Litigation and hearing costs.
The administrative law judge shall order a
respondent who is determined to have engaged in an unfair discriminatory practice to reimburse
the department and the attorney general for all appropriate litigation and hearing costs expended
in preparing for and conducting the hearing, unless payment of the costs would impose a financial
hardship on the respondent. Appropriate costs include but are not limited to the costs of services
rendered by the attorney general, private attorneys if engaged by the department, administrative
law judges, court reporters, and expert witnesses as well as the costs of transcripts and other
necessary supplies and materials.
Money reimbursed to the Department of Human Rights under this subdivision must be
paid into the state treasury and credited to a special revenue account. Money in that account is
appropriated to the commissioner of human rights to the extent the reimbursements were made
to cover the department's costs and are available for the department's activities in enforcing
the Minnesota Human Rights Act.
History: 1967 c 897 s 20; 1969 c 975 s 11-13; 1973 c 729 s 9; 1976 c 301 s 3; 1980 c 540 s
4; 1981 c 364 s 2; 1983 c 301 s 201; 1984 c 567 s 4,5; 1985 c 248 s 56; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 375 s
5; 1988 c 660 s 7; 1992 c 513 art 9 s 34; 1996 c 390 s 34; 1999 c 227 s 22