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25.37 ADULTERATION.
(a) A commercial feed or a material exempted from the definition of commercial feed under
section 25.33, subdivision 5, is adulterated if:
(1) it bears or contains a poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to
health; but in case the substance is not an added substance, the commercial feed is not considered
adulterated if the quantity of the substance in the commercial feed does not ordinarily render
it injurious to health;
(2) it bears or contains an added poisonous, deleterious, or nonnutritive substance which is
unsafe within the meaning of section 406 of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, other than
the one which is a pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity, or a food additive;
(3) it is unsafe or bears or contains any food additive which is unsafe within the meaning
of section 409 of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
(4) it is a raw agricultural commodity and it bears or contains a pesticide chemical which
is unsafe within the meaning of section 408(a) of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
provided, that where a pesticide chemical has been used in or on a raw agricultural commodity
in conformity with an exemption granted or a tolerance prescribed under section 408 of the
federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and that raw agricultural commodity has been subjected
to processing such as canning, cooking, freezing, dehydrating, or milling, the residue of the
pesticide chemical remaining in or on the processed feed is not unsafe if the residue in or on the
raw agricultural commodity has been removed to the extent possible in good manufacturing
practice and the concentration of the residue in the processed feed is not greater than the tolerance
prescribed for the raw agricultural commodity unless the feeding of the processed feed will result
or is likely to result in a pesticide residue in the edible product of the animal, which is unsafe
within the meaning of section 408(a) of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
(5) it is, or it bears or contains any color additive which is unsafe within the meaning of
section 706 of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
(6) it is, or it bears or contains, any new animal drug which is unsafe within the meaning
of section 512 of the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
(7) it consists, in whole or in part, of any filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance, or is
otherwise unfit for feed;
(8) it has been prepared, packed, or held under unsanitary conditions whereby it may have
become contaminated with filth or may have been rendered injurious to health;
(9) it is, in whole or in part, the product of a diseased animal or of an animal which has died
otherwise than by slaughter which is unsafe within the meaning of section 402(a)(1) or (2) of
the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;
(10) its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance
which may render the contents injurious to health; or
(11) it has been intentionally subjected to radiation, unless the use of the radiation was
in conformity with a regulation or exemption in effect under section 409 of the federal Food,
Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
(b) A commercial feed is adulterated if:
(1) any valuable constituent has been in whole or in part omitted or abstracted from it or any
less valuable substance substituted for a constituent;
(2) its composition or quality falls below or differs from that which it is purported or is
represented to possess by its labeling;
(3) it contains a drug and the methods used in or the facilities or controls used for its
manufacture, processing, or packaging do not conform to current good manufacturing practice
rules promulgated by the commissioner to assure that the drug meets the safety requirements
of sections 25.31 to 25.43 and has the identity and strength and meets the quality and purity
characteristics which it purports or is represented to possess. In adopting rules under this clause,
the commissioner shall adopt the current good manufacturing practice rules for medicated feed
premixes and for medicated feeds established under authority of the federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act, unless the commissioner determines that they are not appropriate to the conditions
which exist in this state; or
(4) it contains viable weed seeds in amounts exceeding limits established by the
commissioner by rule.
History: 1971 c 433 s 7; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1986 c 444; 1997 c 216 s 49