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182.651 DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. General. For the purpose of this chapter, the terms defined in this section
have the meanings given them.
    Subd. 2. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of labor and industry
or a duly designated representative.
    Subd. 3. Board. "Board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Review Board
established pursuant to section 182.664.
    Subd. 4. Council. "Council" means the Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Council.
    Subd. 5. Department. "Department" means the Department of Labor and Industry.
    Subd. 6. Person. "Person" means one or more individuals, partnerships, associations,
corporations, business trusts, legal representatives, the state of Minnesota and its political
subdivisions, or any group of persons.
    Subd. 7. Employer. "Employer" means a person who employs one or more employees and
includes any person who has the power to hire, fire, or transfer, or who acts in the interest of, or
as a representative of, an employer and includes a corporation, partnership, association, group
of persons, and the state and all of its political subdivisions.
    Subd. 8. Federal standard. "Federal standard" means a standard, or modification thereof,
adopted by a rule promulgated under section 6 of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act
of 1970 Public Law 91-596.
    Subd. 9. Employee. "Employee" means any person suffered or permitted to work by an
employer, including any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of or as a representative
of, an employer, and shall include state, county, town, city, school district, or governmental
subdivision.
    Subd. 10. Place of employment. "Place of employment" means any factory, plant, foundry,
construction site, farm workplace, premises, vehicle or any other work environment where any
employee is during the course of employment.
    Subd. 11. Standard. "Standard" means an occupational safety and health standard
promulgated by the commissioner which requires conditions, or the adoption or use of one or
more practices, means, methods, operations or processes reasonably necessary or appropriate to
provide safe and healthful employment and places of employment.
    Subd. 12. Serious violation. "Serious violation" means a violation of any standard, rule, or
order other than a de minimis violation which is the proximate cause of the death of an employee.
It also means a violation of any standard, rule, or order which creates a substantial probability
that death or serious physical harm could result from a condition which exists, or from one or
more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes which have been adopted or are in use,
in such a place of employment, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of
reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation.
    Subd. 13. Act. "Act" means the Minnesota Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973.
    Subd. 14. Hazardous substance. "Hazardous substance" means a chemical or substance, or
mixture of chemicals and substances, which:
(a) is regulated by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration under the
Code of Federal Regulations, title 29, part 1910, subpart Z; or
(b) is either toxic or highly toxic; an irritant; corrosive; a strong oxidizer; a strong sensitizer;
combustible; either flammable or extremely flammable; dangerously reactive; pyrophoric;
pressure-generating; compressed gas; carcinogen; teratogen; mutagen; reproductive toxic agent;
or that otherwise, according to generally accepted documented medical or scientific evidence,
may cause substantial acute or chronic personal injury or illness during or as a direct result of
any customary or reasonably foreseeable accidental or intentional exposure to the chemical
or substance; or
(c) is determined by the commissioner as a part of the standard for the chemical or substance
or mixture of chemicals and substances to present a significant risk to worker health and safety or
imminent danger of death or serious physical harm to an employee as a result of foreseeable use,
handling, accidental spill, exposure, or contamination.
In determining whether a chemical or substance is hazardous under clause (b) or (c), the
commissioner shall, if appropriate, apply the criteria contained in the American National Standard
Institute's American National Standard for the Precautionary Labeling of Hazardous Industrial
Chemicals, Z129.1-1982, or any later revision of that standard. In addition the commissioner
may consider the information contained in appendices which do not appear in the standard and
any other available scientific evidence which substantially indicates a chemical or substance or
mixture of chemicals and substances is hazardous.
Hazardous substance does not include a substance being developed or handled by a
technically qualified individual in a research, medical research, medical diagnostic or medical
educational laboratory or in a health care facility or in a clinic associated with the laboratory or
health care facility, or in a pharmacy registered and licensed under chapter 151. This exemption
applies only to technically qualified individuals and not to persons working in the same work area
who are not technically qualified individuals.
    Subd. 15. Harmful physical agent. "Harmful physical agent" means a physical agent
determined by the commissioner as a part of the standard for that agent to present a significant risk
to worker health or safety or imminent danger of death or serious physical harm to an employee.
This definition includes but is not limited to radiation, whether ionizing or nonionizing.
Harmful physical agent does not include an agent being developed or utilized by a
technically qualified individual in a research, medical research, medical diagnostic or medical
educational laboratory or in a health care facility or in a clinic associated with the laboratory or
health care facility, or in a pharmacy registered and licensed under chapter 151. The exemption
in this clause does not include a physical agent utilized in a laboratory that primarily provides a
quality control analysis for a manufacturing process. This exemption applies only to technically
qualified individuals and not to persons working in the same work area who are not technically
qualified individuals.
    Subd. 16. Technically qualified individual; adoption of rule. (a) "Technically qualified
individual" means a physician, dentist, pharmacist, or lead research individual, other than a
student in one of these fields, who, because of professional or technical education, training,
or experience, understands, at the time of exposure, the health risks and the necessary safety
precautions associated with each hazardous substance, harmful physical agent, infectious agent,
or mixture handled or utilized by the person.
(b) The commissioner shall by rule adopt a standard which specifies the criteria to be
considered in determining whether or not a person is a technically qualified individual under
this subdivision.
    Subd. 17. Hazardous substance or harmful physical agent determinations. For the
purposes of this chapter, the determination of what is a hazardous substance or harmful physical
agent is part of the occupational safety and health standard concerning that substance or agent
adopted under section 182.655, subject only to the rulemaking procedure which the whole
standard is subject to under section 182.655.
    Subd. 18. Hazardous substance exclusions. The following substances or mixtures are
not hazardous substances if they are:
(a) products intended for personal consumption by employees in the workplace;
(b) consumer products packaged for distribution to, and used by, the general public, including
any product used by an employer or the employer's employees in the same form, concentration,
and manner as it is sold to consumers, and to the employer's knowledge, employee exposure is
not significantly greater than the consumer exposure occurring during principal consumer use
of the product;
(c) any article, including but not limited to, an item of equipment or hardware, which
contains a hazardous substance, if the substance is present in a solid form which does not create
a health hazard as a result of being handled by an employee;
(d) any hazardous substance that is bound and not released under normal conditions of work
or in a reasonably foreseeable occurrence resulting from workplace operations;
(e) products sold or used in retail food sale establishments and all other retail trade
establishments, exclusive of processing and repair work areas;
(f) "intoxicating liquor" as defined in section 340A.101, subdivision 14, or "3.2 percent malt
liquor" as defined in section 340A.101, subdivision 19;
(g) "food" as defined in the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, United States Code, title
27, section 321, et seq.; or
(h) any waste material regulated pursuant to the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery
Act, Public Law 94-580, but only with respect to any employer in a business which provides a
service of collection, processing, or disposal of such waste.
The commissioner may, by inclusion in the standards adopted pursuant to section 182.655,
determine whether any of the following may be excluded from the definitions of hazardous
substance or harmful physical agent:
(a) waste products labeled pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act;
(b) any substance received by an employee in a sealed package and subsequently sold or
transferred in that package, if the seal remains intact while the substance is in the employer's
workplace; or
(c) any substance, mixture, or product if present in a physical state, volume, or concentration
for which there is no valid and substantial evidence that a significant risk to human health may
occur from exposure.
    Subd. 19. Manufacturer. "Manufacturer" means anyone who produces, synthesizes,
extracts, or otherwise makes, processes, blends, packages or repackages a hazardous substance or
harmful physical agent. The term manufacturer also includes anyone who imports into this state
or distributes within this state a hazardous substance or harmful physical agent. Manufacturer
does not include anyone whose primary business concerning the hazardous substance or harmful
physical agent is in retail sales to the public.
    Subd. 20. Infectious agent. "Infectious agent" means a communicable bacterium, rickettsia,
parasites, virus, or fungus determined by the commissioner by rule, with approval of the
commissioner of health, which according to documented medical or scientific evidence causes
substantial acute or chronic illness or permanent disability as a foreseeable and direct result of any
routine exposure to the infectious agent. Infectious agent does not include an agent in or on the
body of a patient before diagnosis.
    Subd. 21. Affected employee. "Affected employee" means a current employee of a cited
employer who is exposed within the scope of employment to the alleged hazard described
in the citation.
    Subd. 22. Authorized employee representative. "Authorized employee representative"
means a labor organization that has a collective bargaining relationship with the cited employer
and that represents affected employees.
    Subd. 23. Respondent. "Respondent" means a person against whom a complaint has been
issued or served.
History: 1973 c 123 art 5 s 7; 1973 c 732 s 2; 1975 c 271 s 6; 1975 c 375 s 1; 1983 c 216 art
1 s 88; 1983 c 316 s 2-7,29; 1984 c 626 s 1; 1985 c 130 s 1; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1986 c 444; 1987 c
384 art 2 s 47; 1989 c 249 s 1-3; 1991 c 233 s 63-65; 1991 c 249 s 31