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    Subdivision 1. Single source. The solicitation process described in this chapter is not
required when there is clearly and legitimately only a single source for the goods and services and
the commissioner determines that the price has been fairly and reasonably established.
    Subd. 2. Emergency acquisition. (a) For the purpose of this subdivision, "emergency"
means a threat to public health, welfare, or safety that threatens the functioning of government,
the protection of property, or the health or safety of people.
(b) The solicitation process described in this chapter is not required in emergencies. In
emergencies, the commissioner may make any purchases necessary for the repair, rehabilitation,
and improvement of a state-owned structure or may authorize an agency to do so and may
purchase, or may authorize an agency to purchase, goods, services, or utility services directly for
immediate use.
    Subd. 3. Federal agency price schedules. Notwithstanding anything in this chapter to the
contrary, the commissioner may, instead of soliciting bids, contract for purchases with suppliers
who have published schedules of prices effective for sales to any federal agency of the United
States. These contracts may be entered into, regardless of the amount of the purchase price, if
the commissioner considers them advantageous and if the purchase price of all the commodities
purchased under the contract do not exceed the price specified by the schedule.
    Subd. 4. Cooperative agreements. The solicitation process described in this chapter is not
required for cooperative agreements. The commissioner may enter into contracts or accept prices
effective for sales to any governmental unit as defined in section 471.59, through a cooperative
agreement as defined in section 471.59.
    Subd. 5. Specific purchases. The solicitation process described in this chapter is not required
for acquisition of the following:
(1) merchandise for resale purchased under policies determined by the commissioner;
(2) farm and garden products which, as determined by the commissioner, may be purchased
at the prevailing market price on the date of sale;
(3) goods and services from the Minnesota correctional facilities;
(4) goods and services from rehabilitation facilities and extended employment providers that
are certified by the commissioner of employment and economic development, and day training
and habilitation services licensed under sections 245B.01 to 245B.08;
(5) goods and services for use by a community-based facility operated by the commissioner
of human services;
(6) goods purchased at auction or when submitting a sealed bid at auction provided that
before authorizing such an action, the commissioner consult with the requesting agency to
determine a fair and reasonable value for the goods considering factors including, but not limited
to, costs associated with submitting a bid, travel, transportation, and storage. This fair and
reasonable value must represent the limit of the state's bid; and
(7) utility services where no competition exists or where rates are fixed by law or ordinance.
    Subd. 6. Expenditures under specified amounts. The solicitation process described in this
chapter is not required for:
(1) acquisition of goods or services, other than professional or technical services, in an
amount of $2,500 or less; or
(2) acquisition of professional or technical services in an amount of $5,000 or less, provided
the requirements of section 16C.08, subdivisions 3 to 6, are met.
    Subd. 7. Reverse auction. (a) For the purpose of this subdivision, "reverse auction" means a
purchasing process in which vendors compete to provide goods or services at the lowest selling
price in an open and interactive environment. Reverse auctions may not be utilized to procure
engineering design services or architectural services or to establish building and construction
contracts under sections 16C.26 to 16C.29.
    (b) The provisions of sections 13.591, subdivision 3, and 16C.06, subdivision 2, do not apply
when the commissioner determines that a reverse auction is the appropriate purchasing process.
History: 1998 c 386 art 1 s 11; 1999 c 245 art 5 s 1; 2000 c 420 s 2; 1Sp2003 c 1 art
2 s 56; 1Sp2003 c 8 art 1 s 8; art 2 s 14; 2004 c 206 s 52; 2005 c 9 s 1; 2005 c 156 art 2 s
22; 2007 c 148 art 2 s 42

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes