16A.124 PROMPT PAYMENT OF STATE AGENCY BILLS REQUIRED.
Subdivision 1. Definitions.
For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the
meanings here given them.
(a) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of finance.
(b) "State agency" has the meaning assigned to it in section
Subd. 1a. State agencies are vendors.
For purposes of this section, a state agency that bills
another state agency for a service or commodity is considered a vendor like any nonstate vendor.
Subd. 2. Commissioner supervision.
The commissioner shall monitor state agencies to
insure the prompt payment of vendor obligations.
Subd. 3. Payment required.
State agencies must pay each valid vendor obligation so that
the vendor receives payment within the vendor's early payment discount period. If there is no
early payment discount period, the state agency must pay the vendor within 30 days following the
receipt of the invoice for the completed delivery of the product or service.
Subd. 4. Invoice errors.
If an invoice is incorrect, defective, or otherwise improper, the
agency must notify the vendor within ten days of discovering the error. Upon receiving a corrected
invoice, the agency must pay the bill within the time limitation contained in subdivision 3.
Subd. 4a. Invoice errors; Department of Human Services.
For purposes of Department of
Human Services payments to hospitals receiving reimbursement under the medical assistance
and general assistance medical care programs, if an invoice is incorrect, defective, or otherwise
improper, the Department of Human Services must notify the hospital of all errors, within 30 days
of discovery of the errors.
Subd. 4b. Health care payments.
(a) The commissioner of human services must pay
or deny a valid vendor obligation for health services under the medical assistance, general
assistance medical care, or MinnesotaCare program within 30 days after receipt. A "valid vendor
obligation" means a clean claim submitted directly to the commissioner by an eligible health
care provider for health services provided to an eligible recipient. A "clean claim" means an
original paper or electronic claim with correct data elements, prepared in accordance with the
commissioner's published specifications for claim preparation, that does not require an attachment
or text information to pay or deny the claim. Adjustment claims, claims with attachments and
text information, and claims submitted to the commissioner as the secondary or tertiary payer,
that have been prepared in accordance with the commissioner's published specifications, must
be adjudicated within 90 days after receipt.
For purposes of this subdivision, paragraphs (b) and (c) apply.
(b) The agency is not required to make an interest penalty payment on claims for which
payment has been delayed for purposes of reviewing potentially fraudulent or abusive billing
practices, if there is an eventual finding by the agency of fraud or abuse.
(c) The agency is not required to make an interest penalty payment of less than $2.
Subd. 5. Payment of interest on late payments required.
(a) A state agency shall pay
interest to a vendor for undisputed billings when the agency has not paid the billing within 30
days following receipt of the invoice, merchandise, or service whichever is later. A negotiated
contract or agreement between a vendor and a state agency which requires an audit by the state
agency prior to acceptance and payment of the vendor's invoice shall not be considered past due
until 30 days after the completion of the audit by the state agency. Before any interest payment is
made, the vendor must invoice the state agency for such interest.
(b) The rate of interest paid by the agency on undisputed bills not paid within 30 days shall
be 1-1/2 percent per month or any part thereof.
(c) All interest penalties and collection costs must be paid from the agency's current
operating budget. No agency may seek to increase its appropriation for the purpose of obtaining
funds to pay interest penalties or collection costs.
(d) Any vendor who prevails in a civil action to collect interest penalties from a state agency
shall be awarded its costs and disbursements, including attorney's fees, incurred in bringing
(e) No interest penalties may accrue against an agency that delays payment of a bill due to
a disagreement with the vendor; provided, that the dispute must be settled within 30 days after
the bill became overdue. Upon the resolution of the dispute, the agency must pay the vendor
accrued interest on all proper invoices for which payment was not received within the applicable
time limit contained in subdivision 3.
(f) The minimum monthly interest penalty payment that a state agency shall pay a vendor
for the unpaid balance for any one overdue bill equal to or in excess of $100 is $10. For unpaid
balances of less than $100, the state agency shall pay the actual penalty due to the vendor.
Subd. 5a. University of Minnesota; payment of interest on late payments authorized.
The University of Minnesota may comply with the requirements of subdivision 5.
Subd. 6.[Repealed, 1994 c 632 art 3 s 65
Subd. 7. Report to legislature.
The commissioner shall report to the legislature by
December 31 of each year summarizing the state's payment record for the preceding fiscal year.
The report shall include the amount of interest penalties and the specific steps being taken to
reduce the incidence of late payments in the future.
Subd. 8. Applicability.
Subdivisions 1 to 7 apply to all agency purchases, leases, rentals, and
contracts for services, including construction and remodeling contracts, except for:
(1) purchases from or contracts for service with a public utility as defined in section
or a telephone company as defined in section
that has on file with the Public Utilities
Commission an approved practice regarding late fees; and
(2) provider billings to and contracts with the commissioner of human services for health
care services, which are subject only to subdivisions 4a and 4b.
History: 1984 c 502 art 14 s 1; 1985 c 136 s 1-4; 1985 c 248 s 68; 1992 c 549 art 5 s 1;
1994 c 632 art 3 s 24,25; 1995 c 241 s 1,2; 1996 c 457 s 3,4; 1997 c 203 art 9 s 1