Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Chapter 124D

Section 124D.095

Topics

Recent History

124D.095 ONLINE LEARNING OPTION.
    Subdivision 1. Citation. This section may be cited as the "Online Learning Option Act."
    Subd. 2. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings
given them.
    (a) "Online learning" is an interactive course or program that delivers instruction from
a teacher to a student by computer; is combined with other traditional delivery methods that
include frequent student assessment and may include actual teacher contact time; and meets or
exceeds state academic standards.
    (b) "Online learning provider" is a school district, an intermediate school district, an
organization of two or more school districts operating under a joint powers agreement, or a charter
school located in Minnesota that provides online learning to students.
    (c) "Student" is a Minnesota resident enrolled in a school under section 120A.22, subdivision
4
, in kindergarten through grade 12.
    (d) "Online learning student" is a student enrolled in an online learning course or program
delivered by an online provider under paragraph (b).
    (e) "Enrolling district" means the school district or charter school in which a student is
enrolled under section 120A.22, subdivision 4, for purposes of compulsory attendance.
    (f) "Supplemental online learning" means an online course taken in place of a course period
during the regular school day at a local district school.
    (g) "Full-time online provider" means an enrolling school authorized by the department to
deliver comprehensive public education at any or all of the elementary, middle, or high school
levels.
    Subd. 3. Authorization; notice; limitations on enrollment. (a) A student may apply for
full-time enrollment in an approved online learning program under section 124D.03, 124D.08
or 124D.10, or for supplemental online learning. Notwithstanding sections 124D.03, 124D.08,
and 124D.10, procedures for enrolling in online learning shall be as provided in this subdivision.
A student age 17 or younger must have the written consent of a parent or guardian to apply. No
school district or charter school may prohibit a student from applying to enroll in online learning.
In order that a student may enroll in online learning, the student and the student's parents must
submit an application to the online learning provider and identify the reason for enrolling in
online learning. The online learning provider that accepts a student under this section must within
ten days notify the student and the enrolling district in writing if the enrolling district is not the
online learning provider. The student and family must notify the online learning provider of their
intent to enroll in online learning within ten days of acceptance, at which time the student and
parent must sign a statement of assurance that they have reviewed the online course or program
and understand the expectations of online learning enrollment. The online learning provider
must notify the enrolling district of the student's enrollment in online learning in writing on a
form provided by the department.
    (b) Supplemental online learning notification to the enrolling district upon student enrollment
in the online learning program will include the courses or program, credits to be awarded,
the start date of online enrollment, and confirmation that the courses will meet the student's
graduation plan. A student may enroll in supplemental online learning courses up to the midpoint
of the enrolling district's term. The enrolling district may waive this requirement for special
circumstances and upon acceptance by the online provider.
     (c) An online learning provider must notify the commissioner that it is delivering online
learning and report the number of online learning students it is accepting and the online learning
courses and programs it is delivering.
     (d) An online learning provider may limit enrollment if the provider's school board or
board of directors adopts by resolution specific standards for accepting and rejecting students'
applications.
     (e) An enrolling district may reduce an online learning student's regular classroom
instructional membership in proportion to the student's membership in online learning courses.
    Subd. 4. Online learning parameters. (a) An online learning student must receive academic
credit for completing the requirements of an online learning course or program. Secondary
credits granted to an online learning student must be counted toward the graduation and
credit requirements of the enrolling district. An online learning provider must make available
to the enrolling district the course syllabus, standard alignment, content outline, assessment
requirements, and contact information for supplemental online courses taken by students in
the enrolling district. The enrolling district must apply the same graduation requirements to all
students, including online learning students, and must continue to provide nonacademic services
to online learning students. If a student completes an online learning course or program that meets
or exceeds a graduation standard or grade progression requirement at the enrolling district, that
standard or requirement is met. The enrolling district must use the same criteria for accepting
online learning credits or courses as it does for accepting credits or courses for transfer students
under section 124D.03, subdivision 9. The enrolling district may reduce the course schedule of an
online learning student in proportion to the number of online learning courses the student takes
from an online learning provider that is not the enrolling district.
    (b) An online learning student may:
    (1) enroll in supplemental online learning courses during a single school year to a maximum
of 50 percent of the student's full schedule of courses per term. A student may exceed the
supplemental online learning registration limit if the enrolling district grants permission for
supplemental online learning enrollment above the limit, or if an agreement is made between the
enrolling district and the online learning provider for instructional services;
    (2) complete course work at a grade level that is different from the student's current grade
level; and
    (3) enroll in additional courses with the online learning provider under a separate agreement
that includes terms for payment of any tuition or course fees.
    (c) An online learning student has the same access to the computer hardware and education
software available in a school as all other students in the enrolling district. An online learning
provider must assist an online learning student whose family qualifies for the education tax
credit under section 290.0674 to acquire computer hardware and educational software for online
learning purposes.
    (d) An enrolling district may offer online learning to its enrolled students. Such online
learning does not generate online learning funds under this section. An enrolling district that
offers online learning only to its enrolled students is not subject to the reporting requirements
or review criteria under subdivision 7. A teacher with a Minnesota license must assemble and
deliver instruction to enrolled students receiving online learning from an enrolling district. The
delivery of instruction occurs when the student interacts with the computer or the teacher and
receives ongoing assistance and assessment of learning. The instruction may include curriculum
developed by persons other than a teacher with a Minnesota license.
    (e) An online learning provider that is not the enrolling district is subject to the reporting
requirements and review criteria under subdivision 7. A teacher with a Minnesota license must
assemble and deliver instruction to online learning students. The delivery of instruction occurs
when the student interacts with the computer or the teacher and receives ongoing assistance and
assessment of learning. The instruction may include curriculum developed by persons other
than a teacher with a Minnesota license. Unless the commissioner grants a waiver, a teacher
providing online learning instruction must not instruct more than 40 students in any one online
learning course or program.
    (f) To enroll in more than 50 percent of the student's full schedule of courses per term in
online learning, the student must qualify to exceed the supplemental online learning registration
limit under paragraph (b) or apply for enrollment to an approved full-time online learning
program following appropriate procedures in subdivision 3, paragraph (a). Full-time online
learning students may enroll in classes at a local school per contract for instructional services
between the online learning provider and the school district.
    Subd. 5. Participation in extracurricular activities. An online learning student may
participate in the extracurricular activities of the enrolling district on the same basis as other
enrolled students.
    Subd. 6. Information. School districts and charter schools must make available information
about online learning to all interested people.
    Subd. 7. Department of Education. (a) The department must review and certify online
learning providers. The online learning courses and programs must be rigorous, aligned with state
academic standards, and contribute to grade progression in a single subject. Online learning
providers must demonstrate to the commissioner that online learning courses have equivalent
standards or instruction, curriculum, and assessment requirements as other courses offered to
enrolled students. The online learning provider must also demonstrate expectations for actual
teacher contact time or other student-to-teacher communication. Once an online learning provider
is approved under this paragraph, all of its online learning course offerings are eligible for
payment under this section unless a course is successfully challenged by an enrolling district or
the department under paragraph (b).
    (b) An enrolling district may challenge the validity of a course offered by an online learning
provider. The department must review such challenges based on the certification procedures under
paragraph (a). The department may initiate its own review of the validity of an online learning
course offered by an online learning provider.
    (c) The department may collect a fee not to exceed $250 for certifying online learning
providers or $50 per course for reviewing a challenge by an enrolling district.
    (d) The department must develop, publish, and maintain a list of approved online learning
providers and online learning courses and programs that it has reviewed and certified.
    Subd. 8. Financial arrangements. (a) For a student enrolled in an online learning course,
the department must calculate average daily membership and make payments according to this
subdivision.
(b) The initial online learning average daily membership equals 1/12 for each semester
course or a proportionate amount for courses of different lengths. The adjusted online learning
average daily membership equals the initial online learning average daily membership times .88.
(c) No online learning average daily membership shall be generated if: (1) the student does
not complete the online learning course, or (2) the student is enrolled in online learning provided
by the enrolling district.
(d) Online learning average daily membership under this subdivision for a student currently
enrolled in a Minnesota public school shall be used only for computing average daily membership
according to section 126C.05, subdivision 19, paragraph (a), clause (ii), and for computing online
learning aid according to section 124D.096.
    Subd. 9.[Repealed, 1Sp2005 c 5 art 2 s 85]
    Subd. 10. Online Learning Advisory Council. (a) An Online Learning Advisory Council is
established under section 15.059, except that the term for each council member shall be three
years. The advisory council is composed of 12 members from throughout the state who have
demonstrated experience with or interest in online learning. The members of the council shall
be appointed by the commissioner. The advisory council shall bring to the attention of the
commissioner any matters related to online learning and provide input to the department in
matters related, but not restricted, to:
(1) quality assurance;
(2) teacher qualifications;
(3) program approval;
(4) special education;
(5) attendance;
(6) program design and requirements; and
(7) fair and equal access to programs.
(b) The Online Learning Advisory Council under this subdivision expires June 30, 2008.
History: 1Sp2003 c 9 art 2 s 20; 1Sp2005 c 5 art 2 s 58; art 4 s 12-14; 2006 c 263 art 2 s
13; 2007 c 146 art 2 s 19-22