1.135 STATE SEAL.
Subdivision 1. Purpose.
This section prescribes the design and states the historical
symbolism of the Great Seal of the State of Minnesota.
Subd. 2. Official seal.
The seal described in subdivision 3 is the "Great Seal of the State of
Minnesota." When the seal, the impression of the seal, the scene within the seal, or its likeness is
reproduced at state expense, it must conform to subdivision 3 and section
. A seal, impression,
scene, or likeness which does not conform to these provisions is not official.
Subd. 3. Design.
The design of the seal is as described in this subdivision.
(a) The seal is composed of two concentric borders. The outside forms the border of the seal
and the inside forms the border for the illustrations within the seal. The area between the two
borders contains lettering.
(b) The seal is two inches in diameter. The outside border has a radius of one inch and
resembles the serrated edge of a coin. The width of the border is 1/16 of an inch.
(c) The inside border has a radius of three-fourths of an inch and is composed of a series
of closely spaced dots measuring 1/32 of an inch in diameter.
(d) Within the area between the borders "The Great Seal of the State of Minnesota" is printed
in capital letters. Under that is the date "1858" with two dagger symbols separating the date and
the letters. The lettering is 14-point century bold.
(e) In the area within the inside border is the portrayal of an 1858 Minnesota scene made
up of various illustrations that serve to depict a settler plowing the ground near the Falls of St.
Anthony while he watches an Indian on horseback riding in the distance.
(f) For the purposes of description, when the area within the inside border is divided into
quadrants, the following illustrations should be clearly visible in the area described.
(1) In the upper parts of quadrants one and two, the inscription "L'Etoile du Nord" is
found on the likeness of a scroll whose length is equal to twice the length of the inscription, but
whose ends are twice folded underneath and serve to enhance the inscription. The lettering is
7-point century bold.
(2) In quadrant two is found a likeness of a sun whose ambient rays form a background for a
male Indian in loincloth and plume riding on horseback at a gallop. The Indian is sitting erect
and is holding a spear in his left hand at an upward 60-degree angle to himself and is looking
toward the settler in quadrant four.
(3) In quadrant one, three pine trees form a background for a picturesque resemblance of
St. Anthony Falls in 1858.
(4) In quadrants three and four, cultivated ground is found across the lower half of the seal,
which provides a background for the scenes in quadrants three and four.
(5) In quadrant three, a tree stump is found with an ax embedded in the stump and a period
muzzle-loader resting on it. A powder flask is hanging towards the end of the barrel.
(6) In quadrant four, a white barefoot male pioneer wearing clothing and a hat of that period
is plowing the earth, using an animal-drawn implement from that period. The animal is not
visible. The torso of the man continues into quadrant two, and he has his legs spread apart to
simulate movement. He is looking at the Indian.
Subd. 4. Additional effects; size.
Every effort shall be made to reproduce the seal with
justification to the 12 o'clock position and with attention to the authenticity of the illustrations
used to create the scene within the seal. The description of the scene in this section does not
preclude the graphic inclusion of the effects of movement, sunlight, or falling water when the
seal is reproduced. Nor does this section prohibit the enlargement, proportioned reduction, or
embossment of the seal for its use in unofficial acts.
Subd. 5. Historical symbolism of seal.
The sun, visible on the western horizon, signifies
summer in the northern hemisphere. The horizon's visibility signifies the flat plains covering
much of Minnesota. The Indian on horseback is riding due south and represents the great Indian
heritage of Minnesota. The Indian's horse and spear and the Pioneer's ax, rifle, and plow represent
tools that were used for hunting and labor. The stump symbolizes the importance of the lumber
industry in Minnesota's history. The Mississippi River and St. Anthony Falls are depicted to note
the importance of these resources in transportation and industry. The cultivated ground and the
plow symbolize the importance of agriculture in Minnesota. Beyond the falls three pine trees
represent the state tree and the three great pine regions of Minnesota; the St. Croix, Mississippi,
and Lake Superior.
Subd. 6. State's duties.
State agencies and departments using the seal, its impression, the
scene within the seal or its likeness shall make every effort to bring any seal, impression, scene, or
likeness currently fixed to a permanent object into accordance with this section and section
Expendable material to which the seal or any impression, scene, or likeness is currently affixed
may be used until the supply is exhausted. All unused dies and engravings of the Great Seal shall
be given to the Minnesota Historical Society, along with all historical information available about
the seal, to be retained in the society's permanent collection.
History: 1983 c 119 s 1; 1987 c 384 art 1 s 1