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Office of the Revisor of Statutes

CHAPTER 626. TRAINING; INVESTIGATION, APPREHENSION; REPORTS

Table of Sections
SectionHeadnote
626.001APPLICATION OF LAWS 2005, CHAPTER 56, TERMINOLOGY CHANGES.

SEARCH WARRANTS

626.01Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17
626.02Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17
626.03Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17
626.04PROPERTY; SEIZURE, KEEPING, AND DISPOSAL.
626.05DEFINITIONS.
626.06JURISDICTION TO ISSUE.
626.07GROUNDS FOR ISSUANCE.
626.08PROBABLE CAUSE.
626.09EXAMINATION OF PARTIES MAKING REQUEST.
626.10AFFIDAVIT, CONTENT.
626.11ISSUANCE OF WARRANT.
626.12APPLICANTS, NAMES ON WARRANT.
626.13SERVICE; PERSONS MAKING.
626.14TIME OF SERVICE.
626.15EXECUTION AND RETURN OF WARRANT, TIME.
626.16DELIVERY OF COPY OF WARRANT AND RECEIPT.
626.17RETURN AND INVENTORY.
626.18SEARCH WARRANTS RELATING TO ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION SERVICES AND REMOTE COMPUTING SERVICES.

UNLAWFUL SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

626.21RETURN OF PROPERTY AND SUPPRESSION OF EVIDENCE.
626.22MALICIOUSLY PROCURING SEARCH WARRANT; MISCONDUCT IN USE.
626.311Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.312Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.313Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.314Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.315Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.316Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.317Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.318Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.319Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1
626.32Obsolete
626.33Renumbered 299C.03
626.34Renumbered 299C.04
626.35Renumbered 299C.05
626.36Renumbered 299C.06
626.365Renumbered 299C.07
626.37Renumbered 299C.08
626.38Renumbered 299C.09
626.39Renumbered 299C.10
626.40Renumbered 299C.11
626.41Renumbered 299C.12
626.42Renumbered 299C.13
626.43Renumbered 299C.14
626.44Renumbered 299C.15
626.45Renumbered 299C.16
626.46Repealed, Ex1959 c 34 s 12
626.461Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.462Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.463Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.464Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.465Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.466Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.467Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.468Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.469Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15
626.47Renumbered 299C.17
626.48Renumbered 299C.18
626.49Renumbered 299C.19
626.50Renumbered 299C.20
626.51Renumbered 299C.21

REPORTS

626.52REPORTING OF SUSPICIOUS WOUNDS BY HEALTH PROFESSIONALS.
626.53REPORT BY TELEPHONE AND LETTER.
626.54APPLICATION OF SECTIONS 626.52 TO 626.55.
626.55PENALTY.
626.553GUNSHOT WOUNDS; PEACE OFFICERS, DISCHARGING FIREARMS; INVESTIGATIONS, REPORTS.
626.5531REPORTING OF CRIMES MOTIVATED BY BIAS.
626.5532PURSUIT OF FLEEING SUSPECTS BY PEACE OFFICERS.
626.554Repealed, 1975 c 221 s 2
626.555Repealed, 1980 c 542 s 2
626.5551
626.5552Never effective, 2000 c 401 s 5
626.556REPORTING OF MALTREATMENT OF MINORS.
626.5561REPORTING OF PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.
626.5562TOXICOLOGY TESTS REQUIRED.
626.5563REPORTING PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO ALCOHOL ABUSE.
626.5565Repealed, 2001 c 178 art 1 s 43
626.557REPORTING OF MALTREATMENT OF VULNERABLE ADULTS.
626.5571MULTIDISCIPLINARY ADULT PROTECTION TEAM.
626.5572DEFINITIONS.
626.5573NEGLIGENCE ACTIONS.
626.558MULTIDISCIPLINARY CHILD PROTECTION TEAM.
626.559SPECIALIZED TRAINING AND EDUCATION REQUIRED.
626.5591CHILD PROTECTION WORKERS; TRAINING; ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
626.5592Repealed, 1993 c 337 s 20
626.5593PEER REVIEW OF LOCAL AGENCY RESPONSE.
626.56Renumbered 299C.30
626.561INTERVIEWS WITH CHILD ABUSE VICTIMS.
626.562Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 11 s 12
626.563Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1
626.57Renumbered 299C.31
626.58Renumbered 299C.32
626.59Renumbered 299C.33
626.60Renumbered 299C.34
626.61Renumbered 299C.35
626.62Renumbered 299C.36
626.63
626.64Renumbered 299C.38

UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT

626.65UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT; RECIPROCAL.
626.66ARREST; HEARING.
626.67CONSTRUCTION OF SECTION 626.65.
626.68STATE INCLUDES DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
626.69FRESH PURSUIT.
626.70CITATION, UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT.
626.71FRESH PURSUIT IN NONFELONY SITUATIONS.
626.72PEACE OFFICERS; TRANSPORTATION FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT PURPOSES.

PEACE OFFICER DAMAGE COMPENSATION

626.74COMPENSATION FOR DAMAGE CAUSED BY PEACE OFFICERS IN PERFORMING LAW ENFORCEMENT DUTIES.

PEACE OFFICERS;

ASSISTING OTHER OFFICERS

626.76RULES AND REGULATIONS; AIDING OTHER OFFICERS; EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

PEACE OFFICER; ADJOINING STATES

626.77PEACE OFFICERS FROM ADJOINING STATES; FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.
626.80Renumbered 299C.45
626.81Renumbered 299C.46
626.82Renumbered 299C.47
626.83Renumbered 299C.48

PEACE OFFICER TRAINING

626.84DEFINITIONS AND SCOPE.
626.841BOARD; MEMBERS.
626.842TERMS; MEETINGS; COMPENSATION; REMOVAL; VACANCIES.
626.843RULES, STANDARDS; EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.
626.8431AUTOMATIC LICENSE REVOCATION.
626.8432REVOCATION; SUSPENSION; DENIAL.
626.844Repealed, 1977 c 433 s 16
626.8441RESPONDING TO CALLS INVOLVING EMOTIONAL CRISES AND MENTAL ILLNESS; MODEL PROGRAM PILOT PROJECTS.
626.845POWERS AND DUTIES.
626.8451TRAINING IN IDENTIFYING AND RESPONDING TO CERTAIN CRIMES.
626.8452DEADLY FORCE AND FIREARMS USE; POLICIES AND INSTRUCTION REQUIRED.
626.8453QUALIFIED FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS; SPECIAL STATE AND FEDERAL TASK FORCES; PEACE OFFICER AUTHORITY.
626.8454MANUAL AND POLICY FOR INVESTIGATING CASES INVOLVING CHILDREN WHO ARE MISSING AND ENDANGERED.
626.8455TRAINING IN COMMUNITY POLICING.
626.8456TRAINING IN FIRE SCENE RESPONSE AND ARSON AWARENESS.
626.8457PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT OF PEACE OFFICERS.
626.8458VEHICLE PURSUITS; POLICIES AND INSTRUCTION REQUIRED.
626.8459POST BOARD; COMPLIANCE REVIEWS REQUIRED.
626.846ATTENDANCE, FORFEITURE OF POSITION.
626.8461PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS; POLICY.
626.8462COMPETENCY REQUIREMENTS.
626.8463PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS.
626.8464NEW PART-TIME PEACE OFFICER POSITIONS.
626.8465PART-TIME OFFICERS; LIMITATIONS.
626.8466RESERVE OFFICERS.
626.8467Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12
626.8468PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS; CAP ON NUMBER PER AGENCY, EXPANDED TRAINING REQUIRED, CONTINUING EDUCATION.
626.847COMPULSORY PROGRAM; EXEMPTIONS.
626.8471AVOIDING RACIAL PROFILING; POLICIES AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES REQUIRED.
626.848TRAINING COURSES, LOCATIONS.
626.849Repealed, 1987 c 358 s 132
626.85INSTRUCTORS; DONATIONS, CONTRIBUTIONS.
626.851ELIGIBILITY OF OFFICERS.
626.8515CERTAIN BACCALAUREATE DEGREE HOLDERS ELIGIBLE TO TAKE LICENSING EXAMINATION.
626.8517ELIGIBILITY FOR RECIPROCITY EXAMINATION BASED ON RELEVANT MILITARY EXPERIENCE.
626.852TUITION; SALARY AND EXPENSES.
626.853Repealed, 1978 c 681 s 22
626.854Repealed, 1977 c 433 s 16
626.855Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1
626.8555PEACE OFFICER EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
626.856SCHOOL OF LAW ENFORCEMENT.
626.857Expired
626.86Repealed, 1991 c 356 art 6 s 5
626.861Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 8 s 26
626.862POWERS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.
626.863UNAUTHORIZED PRACTICE.

LAW ENFORCEMENT BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS

626.87LAW ENFORCEMENT BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.

UNIFORM COLORS FOR PEACE OFFICERS

AND SECURITY GUARDS

626.88UNIFORMS; PEACE OFFICERS, SECURITY GUARDS; COLOR.

PEACE OFFICER DISCIPLINE PROCEDURES

626.89PEACE OFFICER DISCIPLINE PROCEDURES ACT.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY OF

MILLE LACS BAND OF CHIPPEWA INDIANS

626.90LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS.
626.91LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; LOWER SIOUX INDIAN COMMUNITY PEACE OFFICERS.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY OF FOND DU LAC BAND

OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA

626.92ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; FOND DU LAC BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA.

TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS

626.93LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS.

CONSERVATION LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY

626.94CONSERVATION LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY.

RACIAL PROFILING

626.951RACIAL PROFILING STUDY; REPORT REQUIRED.
626.9513MS 2004 Expired, 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 7
626.9514TOLL-FREE TELEPHONE NUMBER.
626.9517GRANT PROGRAM FOR INSTALLATION OF VIDEO CAMERAS IN POLICE VEHICLES.
626.001 APPLICATION OF LAWS 2005, CHAPTER 56, TERMINOLOGY CHANGES.
State agencies shall use the terminology changes specified in Laws 2005, chapter 56, section
1, when printed material and signage are replaced and new printed material and signage are
obtained. State agencies do not have to replace existing printed material and signage to comply
with Laws 2005, chapter 56, sections 1 and 2. Language changes made according to Laws 2005,
chapter 56, sections 1 and 2, shall not expand or exclude eligibility to services.
History: 2005 c 56 s 3

SEARCH WARRANTS

626.01 [Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17]
626.02 [Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17]
626.03 [Repealed, 1963 c 849 s 17]
626.04 PROPERTY; SEIZURE, KEEPING, AND DISPOSAL.
(a) When any officer seizes, with or without warrant, any property or thing, it shall be safely
kept by direction of the court as long as necessary for the purpose of being produced as evidence
on any trial. If the owner of the property makes a written request to the seizing officer's agency
for return of the property, and the property has not been returned within 48 hours of the request,
excluding Saturday, Sunday, or legal holidays, the person whose property has been seized may file
a petition for the return of the property in the district court in the district in which the property
was seized. The court administrator shall provide a form for use as a petition under this section. A
filing fee, equal to the civil motion filing fee, shall be required for filing the petition. The district
court shall send a copy of the petition to the agency acting as custodian of the property with at
least ten days' notice of a hearing date. A hearing on the petition shall be held within 30 days
of filing unless good cause is shown for an extension of time. The determination of the petition
must be without jury trial and by a simple and informal procedure. At the hearing, the court may
receive relevant evidence on any issue of fact necessary to the decision on the petition without
regard to whether the evidence would be admissible under the Minnesota Rules of Evidence. The
court shall allow if requested, or on its own motion may require, the custodian or the custodian's
designee to summarize the status and progress of an ongoing investigation that led to the seizure.
Any such summary shall be done ex parte and only the custodian, the custodian's designee, and
their attorneys may be present with the court and court staff. The court shall seal the ex parte
record. After a hearing, the court shall not order the return if it finds that:
(1) the property is being held in good faith as potential evidence in any matter, charged or
uncharged;
(2) the property may be subject to forfeiture proceedings;
(3) the property is contraband or may contain contraband; or
(4) the property is subject to other lawful retention.
(b) The court shall make findings on each of these issues as part of its order. If the property
is ordered returned, the petitioner shall not be liable for any storage costs incurred from the
date the petition was filed. If the petition is denied, the court may award reasonable costs and
attorney fees. After the trial for which the property was being held as potential evidence, and the
expiration date for all associated appeals, the property or thing shall, unless otherwise subject
to lawful detention, be returned to its owner or any other person entitled to possess it. Any
property or thing seized may be destroyed or otherwise disposed of under the direction of the
court. Any money found in gambling devices when seized shall be paid into the county treasury.
If the gambling devices are seized by a police officer of a municipality, the money shall be paid
into the treasury of the municipality.
History: (10540) RL s 5199; 1929 c 177; 1963 c 849 s 16; 1983 c 359 s 111; 2005 c 136
art 14 s 17
626.05 DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Search warrant. A search warrant is an order in writing, in the name of the
state, signed by a court other than a court exercising probate jurisdiction, directed to a peace
officer, commanding the peace officer to make a search as authorized by law and hold any item
seized, subject to the order of a court.
    Subd. 2. Peace officer. The term "peace officer," as used in sections 626.04 to 626.17,
means a person who is licensed as a peace officer in accordance with section 626.84, subdivision
1
, and who serves as a sheriff, deputy sheriff, police officer, conservation officer, agent of the
Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, agent of the Division of Alcohol and Gambling Enforcement,
University of Minnesota peace officer, Metropolitan Transit police officer, or State Patrol trooper
as authorized by section 299D.03.
    Subd. 3. Crime. The term "crime" as used in sections 626.04 to 626.17 includes (1) those
offenses defined as crimes in section 609.02, subdivision 1, and (2) all violations of municipal
ordinances for which a misdemeanor sentence may be imposed.
History: 1963 c 849 s 3; 1976 c 2 s 154; 1977 c 82 s 4; 1979 c 258 s 21; 1983 c 359 s 112;
1986 c 444; 1988 c 447 s 1; 1989 c 334 art 6 s 11; 1990 c 502 s 7; 1993 c 326 art 7 s 13; 1995 c
189 s 8; 1996 c 277 s 1; 1997 c 129 art 2 s 15; 2002 c 291 s 4
626.06 JURISDICTION TO ISSUE.
Search warrants may be issued by any court, other than a court exercising probate
jurisdiction, having jurisdiction in the area where the place to be searched is located.
History: 1963 c 849 s 4; 1983 c 359 s 113; 1995 c 189 s 8; 1996 c 277 s 1
626.07 GROUNDS FOR ISSUANCE.
A search warrant may be issued upon any of the following grounds:
(1) The property or things were stolen or embezzled;
(2) The property or things were used as the means of committing a crime;
(3) The possession of the property or things constitutes a crime;
(4) The property or things are in the possession of any person with the intent to use them
as a means of committing a crime, or the property or things so intended to be used are in the
possession of another to whom they have been delivered for the purpose of concealing them or
preventing their being discovered;
(5) The property or things to be seized consist of any item or constitute any evidence
which tends to show a crime has been committed, or tends to show that a particular person has
committed a crime.
The property or things described in this section may be taken pursuant to the warrant from
any place, or from any person in whose possession they may be.
History: 1963 c 849 s 5
626.08 PROBABLE CAUSE.
A search warrant cannot be issued but upon probable cause, supported by affidavit, naming
or describing the person, and particularly describing the property or thing to be seized, and
particularly describing the place to be searched.
History: 1963 c 849 s 6
626.09 EXAMINATION OF PARTIES MAKING REQUEST.
The court may, before issuing the warrant, examine on oath the person seeking the warrant
and any witnesses the person may produce. It shall take the affidavits in writing, and cause them
to be subscribed to by the party or parties making them.
History: 1963 c 849 s 7; 1983 c 359 s 114; 1986 c 444
626.10 AFFIDAVIT, CONTENT.
The affidavit or affidavits must set forth the facts tending to establish the grounds of the
application, or probable cause for believing that they exist.
History: 1963 c 849 s 8
626.11 ISSUANCE OF WARRANT.
(a) If the judge is satisfied of the existence of the grounds of the application, or that there is
probable cause to believe their existence, the judge must issue a signed search warrant, naming
the judge's judicial office, to a peace officer inside or outside the officer's jurisdiction. The warrant
shall direct the officer to search the person or place named for the property or things specified,
and to retain the property or things in the officer's custody subject to order of the court issuing
the warrant.
(b) Nothing in sections 626.04 to 626.17 is meant to supersede another law or statute that
limits a peace officer's authority to obtain, serve, or execute a search warrant.
History: 1963 c 849 s 9; 1979 c 258 s 22; 1983 c 359 s 115; 1986 c 444; 2000 c 325 s 1;
2001 c 78 s 2; 2002 c 291 s 5; 2003 c 86 s 1
626.12 APPLICANTS, NAMES ON WARRANT.
The warrant, in addition, shall contain the names of the persons presenting affidavits in
support of the application, and the grounds for its issuance.
History: 1963 c 849 s 10
626.13 SERVICE; PERSONS MAKING.
A search warrant may in all cases be served anywhere within the issuing judge's jurisdiction
by any of the officers mentioned in its directions, but by no other person, except in aid of the
officer on the officer's requiring it, the officer being present and acting in its execution. An officer
serving and executing a warrant shall notify the chief of police of an organized full-time police
department of the municipality or, if there is no such local chief of police, the sheriff or a deputy
sheriff of the county in which service is to be made prior to service and execution.
History: 1963 c 849 s 11; 1979 c 258 s 23; 1986 c 444; 1989 c 334 art 6 s 12; 1990 c
502 s 8; 1993 c 326 art 7 s 14; 1995 c 226 art 2 s 33; 1995 c 244 s 37; 1997 c 129 art 2 s 15;
2001 c 78 s 3; 2002 c 291 s 6; 2003 c 86 s 2
626.14 TIME OF SERVICE.
A search warrant may be served only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. unless
the court determines on the basis of facts stated in the affidavits that a nighttime search outside
those hours is necessary to prevent the loss, destruction, or removal of the objects of the search or
to protect the searchers or the public. The search warrant shall state that it may be served only
between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. unless a nighttime search outside those hours is
authorized.
History: 1963 c 849 s 12; 1983 c 359 s 116; 1992 c 569 s 29
626.15 EXECUTION AND RETURN OF WARRANT, TIME.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), a search warrant must be executed and returned
to the court which issued it within ten days after its date. After the expiration of this time, the
warrant is void unless previously executed.
(b) A district court judge may grant an extension of a warrant on a financial institution for
financial records upon an application under oath stating that the financial institution has not
produced the requested financial records within ten days and that an extension is necessary to
achieve the purposes for which the search warrant was granted. Each extension may not exceed
30 days.
For the purposes of this paragraph, "financial institution" has the meaning given in section
13A.01, subdivision 2, and "financial records" has the meaning given in section 13A.01,
subdivision 3
.
History: 1963 c 849 s 13; 1983 c 359 s 117; 1999 c 117 s 1
626.16 DELIVERY OF COPY OF WARRANT AND RECEIPT.
When the officer conducts the search the officer must give a copy of the warrant and, when
property or things are taken, a receipt therefor (specifying it in detail) to the person in whose
possession the premises or the property or things taken were found; or, in the absence of any
person, the officer must leave such copy of the warrant and receipt in the place where the property
or things were found. Such delivery of a copy of the warrant shall constitute service.
History: 1963 c 849 s 14; 1986 c 444
626.17 RETURN AND INVENTORY.
The officer must immediately return the warrant to the court and deliver to it a written
inventory of the property or things taken, verified by the certificate of the officer at the foot
of the inventory.
History: 1963 c 849 s 15; 1983 c 359 s 118
626.18 SEARCH WARRANTS RELATING TO ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION
SERVICES AND REMOTE COMPUTING SERVICES.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. The definitions in this subdivision apply to this section.
(a) The terms "electronic communication services" and "remote computing services" shall be
construed in accordance with United States Code, title 18, sections 2701 to 2711, as amended
through March 1, 2001. This section does not apply to corporations that do not provide those
services to the general public.
(b) An "adverse result" occurs when notification of the existence of a search warrant results
in:
(1) danger to the life or physical safety of an individual;
(2) a flight from prosecution;
(3) the destruction of or tampering with evidence;
(4) the intimidation of potential witnesses; or
(5) serious jeopardy to an investigation or undue delay of a trial.
(c) "Applicant" means a peace officer as defined in section 626.05, to whom a search warrant
is issued pursuant to this chapter.
(d) "Minnesota corporation" refers to any corporation or other entity that is subject to section
5.25, excluding foreign corporations.
(e) A "foreign corporation" is considered to be doing business in Minnesota if it makes a
contract or engages in a terms of service agreement with a resident of Minnesota to be performed
in whole or in part by either party in Minnesota. The making of the contract or terms of service
agreement is considered to be the agreement of the foreign corporation that any administrative
subpoena or search warrant properly served on it has the same legal force and effect as if served
personally on it within the state of Minnesota.
(f) "Properly served" means that a search warrant has been delivered by hand, or in a manner
reasonably allowing for proof of delivery if delivered by United States mail, overnight delivery
service, or facsimile to a person or entity listed in section 5.25 or covered by this statute.
    Subd. 2. Application. (a) The following provisions shall apply to any search warrant issued
under this chapter allowing a search for records that are in the actual or constructive possession
of a foreign corporation that provides electronic communication services or remote computing
services to the general public, where those records would reveal the identity of the customers
using those services; data stored by, or on behalf of, the customer; the customer's usage of those
services; the recipient or destination of communications sent to or from those customers; or the
content of those communications.
(b) When properly served with a search warrant issued by the Minnesota court, a foreign
corporation subject to this section shall provide to the applicant all records sought pursuant to
that warrant within eight business days of receipt, including those records maintained or located
outside this state.
(c) Where the applicant makes a showing and the judge finds that failure to produce records
within less than eight business days would cause an adverse result, the warrant may require
production of records within less than eight business days. A court may reasonably extend the
time required for production of the records upon finding that the foreign corporation has shown
good cause for that extension and that an extension of time would not cause an adverse result.
(d) A foreign corporation seeking to quash the warrant must seek relief from the court that
issued the warrant within the time required for production of records under this section. The
issuing court shall hear and decide that motion no later than eight court days after the motion is
filed.
(e) The foreign corporation shall verify the authenticity of records that it produces by
providing a written affidavit or statement to that effect.
    Subd. 3. Warrant of another state. A Minnesota corporation that provides electronic
communication services or remote computing services to the general public, when served with a
warrant issued by another state to produce records that would reveal the identity of the customers
using those services; data stored by, or on behalf of, the customer; the customer's usage of those
services; the recipient or destination of communications sent to or from those customers; or the
content of those communications, shall produce those records as if that warrant had been issued
by a Minnesota court.
    Subd. 4. Immunity. No cause of action shall lie against any foreign or Minnesota corporation
subject to this section, its officers, employees, agents, or other specified persons for providing
records, information, facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of a warrant issued
pursuant to this chapter.
History: 2001 c 197 s 6

UNLAWFUL SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

626.21 RETURN OF PROPERTY AND SUPPRESSION OF EVIDENCE.
A person aggrieved by an unlawful search and seizure may move the district court for the
district in which the property was seized or the district court having jurisdiction of the substantive
offense for the return of the property and to suppress the use, as evidence, of anything so obtained
on the ground that (1) the property was illegally seized, or (2) the property was illegally seized
without warrant, or (3) the warrant is insufficient on its face, or (4) the property seized is not
that described in the warrant, or (5) there was not probable cause for believing the existence of
the grounds on which the warrant was issued, or (6) the warrant was illegally executed, or (7)
the warrant was improvidently issued. The judge shall receive evidence on any issue of fact
necessary to the decision of the motion. If the motion is granted the property shall be restored
unless otherwise subject to lawful detention, and it shall not be admissible in evidence at any
hearing or trial. The motion to suppress evidence may also be made in the district where the trial
is to be had. The motion shall be made before trial or hearing unless opportunity therefor did not
exist or the defendant was not aware of the grounds for the motion, but the court in its discretion
may entertain the motion at the trial or hearing.
History: 1963 c 850 s 1; 1998 c 254 art 2 s 71
626.22 MALICIOUSLY PROCURING SEARCH WARRANT; MISCONDUCT IN USE.
Every person who shall maliciously and without probable cause procure a search warrant to
be issued and executed, and every officer who, in executing a search warrant, shall willfully exceed
the officer's authority, or exercise it with unnecessary severity, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
History: (10031) RL s 4846; 1986 c 444
626.311 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.312 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.313 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.314 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.315 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.316 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.317 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.318 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.319 [Repealed, 1969 c 177 s 1]
626.32 [Obsolete]
626.33 [Renumbered 299C.03]
626.34 [Renumbered 299C.04]
626.35 [Renumbered 299C.05]
626.36 [Renumbered 299C.06]
626.365 [Renumbered 299C.07]
626.37 [Renumbered 299C.08]
626.38 [Renumbered 299C.09]
626.39 [Renumbered 299C.10]
626.40 [Renumbered 299C.11]
626.41 [Renumbered 299C.12]
626.42 [Renumbered 299C.13]
626.43 [Renumbered 299C.14]
626.44 [Renumbered 299C.15]
626.45 [Renumbered 299C.16]
626.46 [Repealed, Ex1959 c 34 s 12]
626.461 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.462 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.463 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.464 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.465 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.466 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.467 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.468 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.469 [Repealed, 1967 c 870 s 15]
626.47 [Renumbered 299C.17]
626.48 [Renumbered 299C.18]
626.49 [Renumbered 299C.19]
626.50 [Renumbered 299C.20]
626.51 [Renumbered 299C.21]

REPORTS

626.52 REPORTING OF SUSPICIOUS WOUNDS BY HEALTH PROFESSIONALS.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "health professional" means a physician,
surgeon, person authorized to engage in the practice of healing, superintendent or manager of a
hospital, nurse, or pharmacist.
    Subd. 2. Health professionals required to report. A health professional shall immediately
report, as provided under section 626.53, to the local police department or county sheriff all
bullet wounds, gunshot wounds, powder burns, or any other injury arising from, or caused by
the discharge of any gun, pistol, or any other firearm, which wound the health professional is
called upon to treat, dress, or bandage.
A health professional shall report to the proper police authorities any wound that the reporter
has reasonable cause to believe has been inflicted on a perpetrator of a crime by a dangerous
weapon other than a firearm as defined under section 609.02, subdivision 6.
    Subd. 3. Reporting burns. A health professional shall file a written report with the state fire
marshal within 72 hours after being notified of a burn injury or wound that the professional is
called upon to treat, dress, or bandage, if the victim has sustained second- or third-degree burns
to five percent or more of the body, the victim has sustained burns to the upper respiratory tract
or sustained laryngeal edema from inhaling superheated air, or the victim has sustained a burn
injury or wound that may result in the victim's death. The state fire marshal shall provide the
form for the report.
    Subd. 4. Immunity from liability. Any person reporting in good faith and exercising due
care shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that otherwise might result by
reason of the person's actions pursuant to this section or section 626.53. No cause of action may
be brought against any person for not making a report pursuant to this section or section 626.53.
History: (9950-22a) 1935 c 165 s 1; 1963 c 489 s 1; 1965 c 759 s 1; 1985 c 288 s 1; 1986 c
444; 1988 c 548 s 1,2; 1989 c 290 art 8 s 3; 1Sp2001 c 8 art 12 s 17
626.53 REPORT BY TELEPHONE AND LETTER.
    Subdivision 1. Reports to sheriffs and police chiefs. The report required by section
626.52, subdivision 2, shall be made forthwith by telephone or in person, and shall be promptly
supplemented by letter, enclosed in a securely sealed, postpaid envelope, addressed to the sheriff
of the county in which the wound is examined, dressed, or otherwise treated; except that, if the
place in which the patient is treated for such injury or the patient's wound dressed or bandaged be
in a city of the first, second, or third class, such report shall be made and transmitted as herein
provided to the chief of police of such city instead of the sheriff. Except as otherwise provided in
subdivision 2, the office of any such sheriff and of any such chief of police shall keep the report as
a confidential communication and shall not disclose the name of the person making the same, and
the party making the report shall not by reason thereof be subpoenaed, examined, or forced to
testify in court as a consequence of having made such a report.
    Subd. 2. Reports to Department of Health. Upon receiving a report of a wound caused
by or arising from the discharge of a firearm, the sheriff or chief of police shall forward the
information contained in the report to the commissioner of health. The commissioner of health
shall keep the report as a confidential communication, as provided under subdivision 1. The
commissioner shall maintain a statewide, computerized record system containing summary data,
as defined in section 13.02, on information received under this subdivision.
History: (9950-23) 1935 c 165 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 548 s 3; 1995 c 244 s 38
626.54 APPLICATION OF SECTIONS 626.52 TO 626.55.
The requirements of sections 626.52 to 626.55 shall not apply to a nurse employed in a
hospital nor to a nurse regularly employed by a physician, surgeon, or other person practicing
healing, where the employer has made a proper report in compliance therewith.
History: (9950-24) 1935 c 165 s 3
626.55 PENALTY.
    Subdivision 1. Gross misdemeanor. Any person who violates any provision of sections
626.52 to 626.55, other than section 626.52, subdivision 3, is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 8 art 12 s 18]
History: (9950-25) 1935 c 165 s 4; 1985 c 288 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 548 s 4
626.553 GUNSHOT WOUNDS; PEACE OFFICERS, DISCHARGING FIREARMS;
INVESTIGATIONS, REPORTS.
    Subdivision 1. Report; wounds; investigation. Upon receipt of the report required in
sections 626.52 and 626.53, the sheriff or chief of police receiving the report shall determine the
general cause of the wound, and upon determining that the wound was caused by an action
connected with the occupation or sport of hunting or shooting the sheriff or chief of police
shall immediately conduct a detailed investigation into the facts surrounding the incident or
occurrence which occasioned the injury or death reported. The investigating officer shall report
the findings of the investigation to the commissioner of natural resources on forms provided by
the commissioner for this purpose.
    Subd. 2. Discharge firearm; kill animal. Whenever a peace officer discharges a firearm in
the course of duty, other than for training purposes or the killing of an animal that is sick, injured,
or dangerous, notification shall be filed within 30 days of the incident by the officer's department
head with the commissioner of public safety. The commissioner of public safety shall forward a
copy of the filing to the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training. The notification shall
contain information concerning the reason for and circumstances surrounding discharge of the
firearm. The commissioner of public safety shall file a report with the legislature by November
15 of each even-numbered year containing summary information concerning use of firearms by
peace officers.
History: 1957 c 407 s 1; 1969 c 1129 art 10 s 2; 1977 c 455 s 89; 1983 c 293 s 108; 1986 c
444; 1991 c 141 s 1
626.5531 REPORTING OF CRIMES MOTIVATED BY BIAS.
    Subdivision 1. Reports required. A peace officer must report to the head of the officer's
department every violation of chapter 609 or a local criminal ordinance if the officer has reason
to believe, or if the victim alleges, that the offender was motivated to commit the act by the
victim's race, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability, or characteristics identified as sexual
orientation. The superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension shall adopt a reporting
form to be used by law enforcement agencies in making the reports required under this section.
The reports must include for each incident all of the following:
(1) the date of the offense;
(2) the location of the offense;
(3) whether the target of the incident is a person, private property, or public property;
(4) the crime committed;
(5) the type of bias and information about the offender and the victim that is relevant to
that bias;
(6) any organized group involved in the incident;
(7) the disposition of the case;
(8) whether the determination that the offense was motivated by bias was based on the
officer's reasonable belief or on the victim's allegation; and
(9) any additional information the superintendent deems necessary for the acquisition of
accurate and relevant data.
    Subd. 2. Use of information collected. The head of a local law enforcement agency or state
law enforcement department that employs peace officers licensed under section 626.843 must file
a monthly report describing crimes reported under this section with the Department of Public
Safety, Bureau of Criminal Apprehension. The commissioner of public safety must summarize
and analyze the information received and file an annual report with the Department of Human
Rights and the legislature. The commissioner may include information in the annual report
concerning any additional criminal activity motivated by bias that is not covered by this section.
History: 1988 c 643 s 1; 1989 c 261 s 9; 1992 c 571 art 15 s 12
626.5532 PURSUIT OF FLEEING SUSPECTS BY PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Reports. If a peace officer pursues a fleeing suspect, the officer's department
head must file a notice of the incident with the commissioner of public safety within 30 days
following the pursuit. A pursuit must be reported under this section if it is a pursuit by a peace
officer of a motor vehicle being operated in violation of section 609.487. The notice must contain
information concerning the reason for and circumstances surrounding the pursuit, including the
alleged offense, the length of the pursuit in distance and time, the outcome of the pursuit, any
charges filed against the suspect as a result of the pursuit, injuries and property damage resulting
from the pursuit, and other information deemed relevant by the commissioner.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1999 c 216 art 5 s 15]
History: 1988 c 712 s 17
626.554 [Repealed, 1975 c 221 s 2]
626.555 [Repealed, 1980 c 542 s 2]
    Subdivision 1.[Repealed, 2005 c 159 art 1 s 15]
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 2005 c 159 art 1 s 15]
    Subd. 3.[Repealed, 2005 c 159 art 1 s 15]
    Subd. 4.[Repealed, 2005 c 98 art 3 s 25; 2005 c 159 art 1 s 15]
    Subd. 5.[Repealed, 2005 c 159 art 1 s 15]
626.5552 [Never effective, 2000 c 401 s 5]
626.556 REPORTING OF MALTREATMENT OF MINORS.
    Subdivision 1. Public policy. The legislature hereby declares that the public policy of this
state is to protect children whose health or welfare may be jeopardized through physical abuse,
neglect, or sexual abuse. While it is recognized that most parents want to keep their children safe,
sometimes circumstances or conditions interfere with their ability to do so. When this occurs,
families are best served by interventions that engage their protective capacities and address
immediate safety concerns and ongoing risks of child maltreatment. In furtherance of this public
policy, it is the intent of the legislature under this section to strengthen the family and make
the home, school, and community safe for children by promoting responsible child care in all
settings; and to provide, when necessary, a safe temporary or permanent home environment for
physically or sexually abused or neglected children.
In addition, it is the policy of this state to require the reporting of neglect, physical or sexual
abuse of children in the home, school, and community settings; to provide for the voluntary
reporting of abuse or neglect of children; to require a family assessment, when appropriate,
as the preferred response to reports not alleging substantial child endangerment; to require an
investigation when the report alleges substantial child endangerment; and to provide protective,
family support, and family preservation services when needed in appropriate cases.
    Subd. 2. Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms have the meanings given
them unless the specific content indicates otherwise:
(a) "Family assessment" means a comprehensive assessment of child safety, risk of
subsequent child maltreatment, and family strengths and needs that is applied to a child
maltreatment report that does not allege substantial child endangerment. Family assessment does
not include a determination as to whether child maltreatment occurred but does determine the
need for services to address the safety of family members and the risk of subsequent maltreatment.
(b) "Investigation" means fact gathering related to the current safety of a child and the risk of
subsequent maltreatment that determines whether child maltreatment occurred and whether child
protective services are needed. An investigation must be used when reports involve substantial
child endangerment, and for reports of maltreatment in facilities required to be licensed under
chapter 245A or 245B; under sections 144.50 to 144.58 and 241.021; in a school as defined in
sections 120A.05, subdivisions 9, 11, and 13, and 124D.10; or in a nonlicensed personal care
provider association as defined in sections 256B.04, subdivision 16, and 256B.0625, subdivision
19a.
(c) "Substantial child endangerment" means a person responsible for a child's care, a person
who has a significant relationship to the child as defined in section 609.341, or a person in a
position of authority as defined in section 609.341, who by act or omission commits or attempts to
commit an act against a child under their care that constitutes any of the following:
(1) egregious harm as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 14;
(2) sexual abuse as defined in paragraph (d);
(3) abandonment under section 260C.301, subdivision 2;
(4) neglect as defined in paragraph (f), clause (2), that substantially endangers the child's
physical or mental health, including a growth delay, which may be referred to as failure to thrive,
that has been diagnosed by a physician and is due to parental neglect;
(5) murder in the first, second, or third degree under section 609.185, 609.19, or 609.195;
(6) manslaughter in the first or second degree under section 609.20 or 609.205;
(7) assault in the first, second, or third degree under section 609.221, 609.222, or 609.223;
(8) solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution under section 609.322;
(9) criminal sexual conduct under sections 609.342 to 609.3451;
(10) solicitation of children to engage in sexual conduct under section 609.352;
(11) malicious punishment or neglect or endangerment of a child under section 609.377
or 609.378;
(12) use of a minor in sexual performance under section 617.246; or
(13) parental behavior, status, or condition which mandates that the county attorney file a
termination of parental rights petition under section 260C.301, subdivision 3, paragraph (a).
(d) "Sexual abuse" means the subjection of a child by a person responsible for the child's
care, by a person who has a significant relationship to the child, as defined in section 609.341,
or by a person in a position of authority, as defined in section 609.341, subdivision 10, to any
act which constitutes a violation of section 609.342 (criminal sexual conduct in the first degree),
609.343 (criminal sexual conduct in the second degree), 609.344 (criminal sexual conduct in the
third degree), 609.345 (criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree), or 609.3451 (criminal
sexual conduct in the fifth degree). Sexual abuse also includes any act which involves a minor
which constitutes a violation of prostitution offenses under sections 609.321 to 609.324 or
617.246. Sexual abuse includes threatened sexual abuse.
(e) "Person responsible for the child's care" means (1) an individual functioning within the
family unit and having responsibilities for the care of the child such as a parent, guardian, or other
person having similar care responsibilities, or (2) an individual functioning outside the family
unit and having responsibilities for the care of the child such as a teacher, school administrator,
other school employees or agents, or other lawful custodian of a child having either full-time or
short-term care responsibilities including, but not limited to, day care, babysitting whether paid or
unpaid, counseling, teaching, and coaching.
(f) "Neglect" means:
(1) failure by a person responsible for a child's care to supply a child with necessary food,
clothing, shelter, health, medical, or other care required for the child's physical or mental health
when reasonably able to do so;
(2) failure to protect a child from conditions or actions that seriously endanger the child's
physical or mental health when reasonably able to do so, including a growth delay, which may be
referred to as a failure to thrive, that has been diagnosed by a physician and is due to parental
neglect;
(3) failure to provide for necessary supervision or child care arrangements appropriate for
a child after considering factors as the child's age, mental ability, physical condition, length of
absence, or environment, when the child is unable to care for the child's own basic needs or safety,
or the basic needs or safety of another child in their care;
(4) failure to ensure that the child is educated as defined in sections 120A.22 and 260C.163,
subdivision 11, which does not include a parent's refusal to provide the parent's child with
sympathomimetic medications, consistent with section 125A.091, subdivision 5;
(5) nothing in this section shall be construed to mean that a child is neglected solely because
the child's parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the child's care in good faith selects
and depends upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment or care of disease or remedial care of
the child in lieu of medical care; except that a parent, guardian, or caretaker, or a person mandated
to report pursuant to subdivision 3, has a duty to report if a lack of medical care may cause serious
danger to the child's health. This section does not impose upon persons, not otherwise legally
responsible for providing a child with necessary food, clothing, shelter, education, or medical
care, a duty to provide that care;
(6) prenatal exposure to a controlled substance, as defined in section 253B.02, subdivision 2,
used by the mother for a nonmedical purpose, as evidenced by withdrawal symptoms in the child
at birth, results of a toxicology test performed on the mother at delivery or the child at birth, or
medical effects or developmental delays during the child's first year of life that medically indicate
prenatal exposure to a controlled substance;
(7) "medical neglect" as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 6, clause (5);
(8) chronic and severe use of alcohol or a controlled substance by a parent or person
responsible for the care of the child that adversely affects the child's basic needs and safety; or
(9) emotional harm from a pattern of behavior which contributes to impaired emotional
functioning of the child which may be demonstrated by a substantial and observable effect in
the child's behavior, emotional response, or cognition that is not within the normal range for the
child's age and stage of development, with due regard to the child's culture.
(g) "Physical abuse" means any physical injury, mental injury, or threatened injury, inflicted
by a person responsible for the child's care on a child other than by accidental means, or any
physical or mental injury that cannot reasonably be explained by the child's history of injuries, or
any aversive or deprivation procedures, or regulated interventions, that have not been authorized
under section 121A.67 or 245.825. Abuse does not include reasonable and moderate physical
discipline of a child administered by a parent or legal guardian which does not result in an injury.
Abuse does not include the use of reasonable force by a teacher, principal, or school employee as
allowed by section 121A.582. Actions which are not reasonable and moderate include, but are not
limited to, any of the following that are done in anger or without regard to the safety of the child:
(1) throwing, kicking, burning, biting, or cutting a child;
(2) striking a child with a closed fist;
(3) shaking a child under age three;
(4) striking or other actions which result in any nonaccidental injury to a child under 18
months of age;
(5) unreasonable interference with a child's breathing;
(6) threatening a child with a weapon, as defined in section 609.02, subdivision 6;
(7) striking a child under age one on the face or head;
(8) purposely giving a child poison, alcohol, or dangerous, harmful, or controlled substances
which were not prescribed for the child by a practitioner, in order to control or punish the child; or
other substances that substantially affect the child's behavior, motor coordination, or judgment or
that results in sickness or internal injury, or subjects the child to medical procedures that would be
unnecessary if the child were not exposed to the substances;
(9) unreasonable physical confinement or restraint not permitted under section 609.379,
including but not limited to tying, caging, or chaining; or
(10) in a school facility or school zone, an act by a person responsible for the child's care that
is a violation under section 121A.58.
(h) "Report" means any report received by the local welfare agency, police department,
county sheriff, or agency responsible for assessing or investigating maltreatment pursuant to
this section.
(i) "Facility" means:
(1) a licensed or unlicensed day care facility, residential facility, agency, hospital, sanitarium,
or other facility or institution required to be licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58, 241.021, or
245A.01 to 245A.16, or chapter 245B;
(2) a school as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions 9, 11, and 13; and 124D.10; or
(3) a nonlicensed personal care provider organization as defined in sections 256B.04,
subdivision 16, and 256B.0625, subdivision 19a.
(j) "Operator" means an operator or agency as defined in section 245A.02.
(k) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of human services.
(l) "Practice of social services," for the purposes of subdivision 3, includes but is not
limited to employee assistance counseling and the provision of guardian ad litem and parenting
time expeditor services.
(m) "Mental injury" means an injury to the psychological capacity or emotional stability of a
child as evidenced by an observable or substantial impairment in the child's ability to function
within a normal range of performance and behavior with due regard to the child's culture.
(n) "Threatened injury" means a statement, overt act, condition, or status that represents a
substantial risk of physical or sexual abuse or mental injury. Threatened injury includes, but is not
limited to, exposing a child to a person responsible for the child's care, as defined in paragraph
(e), clause (1), who has:
(1) subjected a child to, or failed to protect a child from, an overt act or condition that
constitutes egregious harm, as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 14, or a similar law of
another jurisdiction;
(2) been found to be palpably unfit under section 260C.301, paragraph (b), clause (4), or a
similar law of another jurisdiction;
(3) committed an act that has resulted in an involuntary termination of parental rights under
section 260C.301, or a similar law of another jurisdiction; or
(4) committed an act that has resulted in the involuntary transfer of permanent legal and
physical custody of a child to a relative under section 260C.201, subdivision 11, paragraph (d),
clause (1), or a similar law of another jurisdiction.
(o) Persons who conduct assessments or investigations under this section shall take into
account accepted child-rearing practices of the culture in which a child participates and accepted
teacher discipline practices, which are not injurious to the child's health, welfare, and safety.
    Subd. 3. Persons mandated to report. (a) A person who knows or has reason to believe
a child is being neglected or physically or sexually abused, as defined in subdivision 2, or
has been neglected or physically or sexually abused within the preceding three years, shall
immediately report the information to the local welfare agency, agency responsible for assessing
or investigating the report, police department, or the county sheriff if the person is:
(1) a professional or professional's delegate who is engaged in the practice of the healing
arts, social services, hospital administration, psychological or psychiatric treatment, child care,
education, correctional supervision, probation and correctional services, or law enforcement; or
(2) employed as a member of the clergy and received the information while engaged in
ministerial duties, provided that a member of the clergy is not required by this subdivision to
report information that is otherwise privileged under section 595.02, subdivision 1, paragraph (c).
The police department or the county sheriff, upon receiving a report, shall immediately notify
the local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report, orally
and in writing. The local welfare agency, or agency responsible for assessing or investigating the
report, upon receiving a report, shall immediately notify the local police department or the county
sheriff orally and in writing. The county sheriff and the head of every local welfare agency, agency
responsible for assessing or investigating reports, and police department shall each designate
a person within their agency, department, or office who is responsible for ensuring that the
notification duties of this paragraph and paragraph (b) are carried out. Nothing in this subdivision
shall be construed to require more than one report from any institution, facility, school, or agency.
(b) Any person may voluntarily report to the local welfare agency, agency responsible for
assessing or investigating the report, police department, or the county sheriff if the person knows,
has reason to believe, or suspects a child is being or has been neglected or subjected to physical
or sexual abuse. The police department or the county sheriff, upon receiving a report, shall
immediately notify the local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing or investigating
the report, orally and in writing. The local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing
or investigating the report, upon receiving a report, shall immediately notify the local police
department or the county sheriff orally and in writing.
(c) A person mandated to report physical or sexual child abuse or neglect occurring within
a licensed facility shall report the information to the agency responsible for licensing the
facility under sections 144.50 to 144.58; 241.021; 245A.01 to 245A.16; or chapter 245B; or a
nonlicensed personal care provider organization as defined in sections 256B.04, subdivision 16;
and 256B.0625, subdivision 19. A health or corrections agency receiving a report may request
the local welfare agency to provide assistance pursuant to subdivisions 10, 10a, and 10b. A
board or other entity whose licensees perform work within a school facility, upon receiving a
complaint of alleged maltreatment, shall provide information about the circumstances of the
alleged maltreatment to the commissioner of education. Section 13.03, subdivision 4, applies to
data received by the commissioner of education from a licensing entity.
(d) Any person mandated to report shall receive a summary of the disposition of any report
made by that reporter, including whether the case has been opened for child protection or other
services, or if a referral has been made to a community organization, unless release would be
detrimental to the best interests of the child. Any person who is not mandated to report shall, upon
request to the local welfare agency, receive a concise summary of the disposition of any report
made by that reporter, unless release would be detrimental to the best interests of the child.
(e) For purposes of this subdivision, "immediately" means as soon as possible but in no
event longer than 24 hours.
    Subd. 3a. Report of deprivation of parental rights or kidnapping. A person mandated to
report under subdivision 3, who knows or has reason to know of a violation of section 609.25 or
609.26, shall report the information to the local police department or the county sheriff. Receipt
by a local welfare agency of a report or notification of a report of a violation of section 609.25 or
609.26 shall not be construed to invoke the duties of subdivision 10, 10a, or 10b.
    Subd. 3b. Agency responsible for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment.
The Department of Education is the agency responsible for assessing or investigating allegations
of child maltreatment in schools as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions 9, 11, and 13; and
124D.10.
    Subd. 3c. Local welfare agency, Department of Human Services or Department of
Health responsible for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment. (a) The county local
welfare agency is the agency responsible for assessing or investigating allegations of maltreatment
in child foster care, family child care, and legally unlicensed child care and in juvenile correctional
facilities licensed under section 241.021 located in the local welfare agency's county.
(b) The Department of Human Services is the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating allegations of maltreatment in facilities licensed under chapters 245A and 245B,
except for child foster care and family child care.
(c) The Department of Health is the agency responsible for assessing or investigating
allegations of child maltreatment in facilities licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58, and in
unlicensed home health care.
(d) The commissioners of human services, public safety, and education must jointly submit
a written report by January 15, 2007, to the education policy and finance committees of the
legislature recommending the most efficient and effective allocation of agency responsibility for
assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment and must specifically address allegations of
maltreatment that currently are not the responsibility of a designated agency.
    Subd. 3d. Authority to interview. The agency responsible for assessing or investigating
reports of child maltreatment has the authority to interview the child, the person or persons
responsible for the child's care, the alleged perpetrator, and any other person with knowledge of
the abuse or neglect for the purpose of gathering the facts, assessing safety and risk to the child,
and formulating a plan.
    Subd. 4. Immunity from liability. (a) The following persons are immune from any civil or
criminal liability that otherwise might result from their actions, if they are acting in good faith:
(1) any person making a voluntary or mandated report under subdivision 3 or under section
626.5561 or assisting in an assessment under this section or under section 626.5561;
(2) any person with responsibility for performing duties under this section or supervisor
employed by a local welfare agency, the commissioner of an agency responsible for operating
or supervising a licensed or unlicensed day care facility, residential facility, agency, hospital,
sanitarium, or other facility or institution required to be licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58;
241.021; 245A.01 to 245A.16; or 245B, or a school as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions
9, 11, and 13
; and 124D.10; or a nonlicensed personal care provider organization as defined in
sections 256B.04, subdivision 16; and 256B.0625, subdivision 19a, complying with subdivision
10d; and
(3) any public or private school, facility as defined in subdivision 2, or the employee of any
public or private school or facility who permits access by a local welfare agency, the Department
of Education, or a local law enforcement agency and assists in an investigation or assessment
pursuant to subdivision 10 or under section 626.5561.
(b) A person who is a supervisor or person with responsibility for performing duties under
this section employed by a local welfare agency, the commissioner of human services, or the
commissioner of education complying with subdivisions 10 and 11 or section 626.5561 or any
related rule or provision of law is immune from any civil or criminal liability that might otherwise
result from the person's actions, if the person is (1) acting in good faith and exercising due care, or
(2) acting in good faith and following the information collection procedures established under
subdivision 10, paragraphs (h), (i), and (j).
(c) This subdivision does not provide immunity to any person for failure to make a required
report or for committing neglect, physical abuse, or sexual abuse of a child.
(d) If a person who makes a voluntary or mandatory report under subdivision 3 prevails in a
civil action from which the person has been granted immunity under this subdivision, the court
may award the person attorney fees and costs.
    Subd. 4a. Retaliation prohibited. (a) An employer of any person required to make reports
under subdivision 3 shall not retaliate against the person for reporting in good faith abuse or
neglect pursuant to this section, or against a child with respect to whom a report is made, because
of the report.
(b) The employer of any person required to report under subdivision 3 who retaliates against
the person because of a report of abuse or neglect is liable to that person for actual damages and,
in addition, a penalty up to $10,000.
(c) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any adverse action within 90 days of a report
is retaliatory. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "adverse action" refers to action taken by an
employer of a person required to report under subdivision 3 which is involved in a report against
the person making the report or the child with respect to whom the report was made because of
the report, and includes, but is not limited to:
(1) discharge, suspension, termination, or transfer from the facility, institution, school,
or agency;
(2) discharge from or termination of employment;
(3) demotion or reduction in remuneration for services; or
(4) restriction or prohibition of access to the facility, institution, school, agency, or persons
affiliated with it.
    Subd. 5. Malicious and reckless reports. Any person who knowingly or recklessly makes
a false report under the provisions of this section shall be liable in a civil suit for any actual
damages suffered by the person or persons so reported and for any punitive damages set by the
court or jury, plus costs and reasonable attorney fees.
    Subd. 6. Failure to report. (a) A person mandated by this section to report who knows or
has reason to believe that a child is neglected or physically or sexually abused, as defined in
subdivision 2, or has been neglected or physically or sexually abused within the preceding three
years, and fails to report is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) A person mandated by this section to report who knows or has reason to believe that
two or more children not related to the perpetrator have been physically or sexually abused, as
defined in subdivision 2, by the same perpetrator within the preceding ten years, and fails to report
is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(c) A parent, guardian, or caretaker who knows or reasonably should know that the child's
health is in serious danger and who fails to report as required by subdivision 2, paragraph (c), is
guilty of a gross misdemeanor if the child suffers substantial or great bodily harm because of the
lack of medical care. If the child dies because of the lack of medical care, the person is guilty of a
felony and may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine
of not more than $4,000, or both. The provision in section 609.378, subdivision 1, paragraph (a),
clause (1), providing that a parent, guardian, or caretaker may, in good faith, select and depend on
spiritual means or prayer for treatment or care of a child, does not exempt a parent, guardian, or
caretaker from the duty to report under this subdivision.
    Subd. 6a. Failure to notify. If a local welfare agency receives a report under subdivision 3,
paragraph (a) or (b) and fails to notify the local police department or county sheriff as required by
subdivision 3, paragraph (a) or (b), the person within the agency who is responsible for ensuring
that notification is made shall be subject to disciplinary action in keeping with the agency's
existing policy or collective bargaining agreement on discipline of employees. If a local police
department or a county sheriff receives a report under subdivision 3, paragraph (a) or (b) and
fails to notify the local welfare agency as required by subdivision 3, paragraph (a) or (b), the
person within the police department or county sheriff's office who is responsible for ensuring that
notification is made shall be subject to disciplinary action in keeping with the agency's existing
policy or collective bargaining agreement on discipline of employees.
    Subd. 7. Report. An oral report shall be made immediately by telephone or otherwise. An
oral report made by a person required under subdivision 3 to report shall be followed within
72 hours, exclusive of weekends and holidays, by a report in writing to the appropriate police
department, the county sheriff, the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report, or
the local welfare agency, unless the appropriate agency has informed the reporter that the oral
information does not constitute a report under subdivision 10. Any report shall be of sufficient
content to identify the child, any person believed to be responsible for the abuse or neglect of
the child if the person is known, the nature and extent of the abuse or neglect and the name
and address of the reporter. If requested, the local welfare agency or the agency responsible
for assessing or investigating the report shall inform the reporter within ten days after the
report is made, either orally or in writing, whether the report was accepted for assessment or
investigation. Written reports received by a police department or the county sheriff shall be
forwarded immediately to the local welfare agency or the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report. The police department or the county sheriff may keep copies of reports
received by them. Copies of written reports received by a local welfare department or the agency
responsible for assessing or investigating the report shall be forwarded immediately to the local
police department or the county sheriff.
A written copy of a report maintained by personnel of agencies, other than welfare or law
enforcement agencies, which are subject to chapter 13 shall be confidential. An individual subject
of the report may obtain access to the original report as provided by subdivision 11.
    Subd. 8. Evidence not privileged. No evidence relating to the neglect or abuse of a child or
to any prior incidents of neglect or abuse involving any of the same persons accused of neglect
or abuse shall be excluded in any proceeding arising out of the alleged neglect or physical or
sexual abuse on the grounds of privilege set forth in section 595.02, subdivision 1, paragraph
(a), (d), or (g).
    Subd. 9. Mandatory reporting to a medical examiner or coroner. When a person required
to report under the provisions of subdivision 3 knows or has reason to believe a child has died
as a result of neglect or physical or sexual abuse, the person shall report that information to the
appropriate medical examiner or coroner instead of the local welfare agency, police department,
or county sheriff. Medical examiners or coroners shall notify the local welfare agency or police
department or county sheriff in instances in which they believe that the child has died as a result
of neglect or physical or sexual abuse. The medical examiner or coroner shall complete an
investigation as soon as feasible and report the findings to the police department or county sheriff
and the local welfare agency. If the child was receiving services or treatment for mental illness,
developmentally disabled, chemical dependency, or emotional disturbance from an agency,
facility, or program as defined in section 245.91, the medical examiner or coroner shall also notify
and report findings to the ombudsman established under sections 245.91 to 245.97.
    Subd. 10. Duties of local welfare agency and local law enforcement agency upon receipt
of a report. (a) Upon receipt of a report, the local welfare agency shall determine whether to
conduct a family assessment or an investigation as appropriate to prevent or provide a remedy for
child maltreatment. The local welfare agency:
(1) shall conduct an investigation on reports involving substantial child endangerment;
(2) shall begin an immediate investigation if, at any time when it is using a family assessment
response, it determines that there is reason to believe that substantial child endangerment or a
serious threat to the child's safety exists;
(3) may conduct a family assessment for reports that do not allege substantial child
endangerment. In determining that a family assessment is appropriate, the local welfare agency
may consider issues of child safety, parental cooperation, and the need for an immediate response;
and
(4) may conduct a family assessment on a report that was initially screened and assigned for
an investigation. In determining that a complete investigation is not required, the local welfare
agency must document the reason for terminating the investigation and notify the local law
enforcement agency if the local law enforcement agency is conducting a joint investigation.
If the report alleges neglect, physical abuse, or sexual abuse by a parent, guardian, or
individual functioning within the family unit as a person responsible for the child's care, the local
welfare agency shall immediately conduct a family assessment or investigation as identified in
clauses (1) to (4). In conducting a family assessment or investigation, the local welfare agency
shall gather information on the existence of substance abuse and domestic violence and offer
services for purposes of preventing future child maltreatment, safeguarding and enhancing the
welfare of the abused or neglected minor, and supporting and preserving family life whenever
possible. If the report alleges a violation of a criminal statute involving sexual abuse, physical
abuse, or neglect or endangerment, under section 609.378, the local law enforcement agency and
local welfare agency shall coordinate the planning and execution of their respective investigation
and assessment efforts to avoid a duplication of fact-finding efforts and multiple interviews. Each
agency shall prepare a separate report of the results of its investigation. In cases of alleged child
maltreatment resulting in death, the local agency may rely on the fact-finding efforts of a law
enforcement investigation to make a determination of whether or not maltreatment occurred.
When necessary the local welfare agency shall seek authority to remove the child from the
custody of a parent, guardian, or adult with whom the child is living. In performing any of these
duties, the local welfare agency shall maintain appropriate records.
If the family assessment or investigation indicates there is a potential for abuse of alcohol or
other drugs by the parent, guardian, or person responsible for the child's care, the local welfare
agency shall conduct a chemical use assessment pursuant to Minnesota Rules, part 9530.6615.
The local welfare agency shall report the determination of the chemical use assessment, and the
recommendations and referrals for alcohol and other drug treatment services to the state authority
on alcohol and drug abuse.
(b) When a local agency receives a report or otherwise has information indicating that a child
who is a client, as defined in section 245.91, has been the subject of physical abuse, sexual abuse,
or neglect at an agency, facility, or program as defined in section 245.91, it shall, in addition to its
other duties under this section, immediately inform the ombudsman established under sections
245.91 to 245.97. The commissioner of education shall inform the ombudsman established under
sections 245.91 to 245.97 of reports regarding a child defined as a client in section 245.91 that
maltreatment occurred at a school as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions 9, 11, and 13, and
124D.10.
(c) Authority of the local welfare agency responsible for assessing or investigating the
child abuse or neglect report, the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report,
and of the local law enforcement agency for investigating the alleged abuse or neglect includes,
but is not limited to, authority to interview, without parental consent, the alleged victim and
any other minors who currently reside with or who have resided with the alleged offender. The
interview may take place at school or at any facility or other place where the alleged victim or
other minors might be found or the child may be transported to, and the interview conducted at, a
place appropriate for the interview of a child designated by the local welfare agency or law
enforcement agency. The interview may take place outside the presence of the alleged offender or
parent, legal custodian, guardian, or school official. For family assessments, it is the preferred
practice to request a parent or guardian's permission to interview the child prior to conducting the
child interview, unless doing so would compromise the safety assessment. Except as provided in
this paragraph, the parent, legal custodian, or guardian shall be notified by the responsible local
welfare or law enforcement agency no later than the conclusion of the investigation or assessment
that this interview has occurred. Notwithstanding rule 49.02 of the Minnesota Rules of Procedure
for Juvenile Courts, the juvenile court may, after hearing on an ex parte motion by the local
welfare agency, order that, where reasonable cause exists, the agency withhold notification of
this interview from the parent, legal custodian, or guardian. If the interview took place or is to
take place on school property, the order shall specify that school officials may not disclose to the
parent, legal custodian, or guardian the contents of the notification of intent to interview the child
on school property, as provided under this paragraph, and any other related information regarding
the interview that may be a part of the child's school record. A copy of the order shall be sent by
the local welfare or law enforcement agency to the appropriate school official.
(d) When the local welfare, local law enforcement agency, or the agency responsible for
assessing or investigating a report of maltreatment determines that an interview should take place
on school property, written notification of intent to interview the child on school property must
be received by school officials prior to the interview. The notification shall include the name
of the child to be interviewed, the purpose of the interview, and a reference to the statutory
authority to conduct an interview on school property. For interviews conducted by the local
welfare agency, the notification shall be signed by the chair of the local social services agency or
the chair's designee. The notification shall be private data on individuals subject to the provisions
of this paragraph. School officials may not disclose to the parent, legal custodian, or guardian the
contents of the notification or any other related information regarding the interview until notified
in writing by the local welfare or law enforcement agency that the investigation or assessment has
been concluded, unless a school employee or agent is alleged to have maltreated the child. Until
that time, the local welfare or law enforcement agency or the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating a report of maltreatment shall be solely responsible for any disclosures regarding
the nature of the assessment or investigation.
Except where the alleged offender is believed to be a school official or employee, the time
and place, and manner of the interview on school premises shall be within the discretion of school
officials, but the local welfare or law enforcement agency shall have the exclusive authority to
determine who may attend the interview. The conditions as to time, place, and manner of the
interview set by the school officials shall be reasonable and the interview shall be conducted not
more than 24 hours after the receipt of the notification unless another time is considered necessary
by agreement between the school officials and the local welfare or law enforcement agency. Where
the school fails to comply with the provisions of this paragraph, the juvenile court may order the
school to comply. Every effort must be made to reduce the disruption of the educational program
of the child, other students, or school staff when an interview is conducted on school premises.
(e) Where the alleged offender or a person responsible for the care of the alleged victim or
other minor prevents access to the victim or other minor by the local welfare agency, the juvenile
court may order the parents, legal custodian, or guardian to produce the alleged victim or other
minor for questioning by the local welfare agency or the local law enforcement agency outside
the presence of the alleged offender or any person responsible for the child's care at reasonable
places and times as specified by court order.
(f) Before making an order under paragraph (e), the court shall issue an order to show cause,
either upon its own motion or upon a verified petition, specifying the basis for the requested
interviews and fixing the time and place of the hearing. The order to show cause shall be served
personally and shall be heard in the same manner as provided in other cases in the juvenile court.
The court shall consider the need for appointment of a guardian ad litem to protect the best
interests of the child. If appointed, the guardian ad litem shall be present at the hearing on the
order to show cause.
(g) The commissioner of human services, the ombudsman for mental health and
developmental disabilities, the local welfare agencies responsible for investigating reports, the
commissioner of education, and the local law enforcement agencies have the right to enter
facilities as defined in subdivision 2 and to inspect and copy the facility's records, including
medical records, as part of the investigation. Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 13,
they also have the right to inform the facility under investigation that they are conducting an
investigation, to disclose to the facility the names of the individuals under investigation for
abusing or neglecting a child, and to provide the facility with a copy of the report and the
investigative findings.
(h) The local welfare agency responsible for conducting a family assessment shall
collect available and relevant information to determine child safety, risk of subsequent child
maltreatment, and family strengths and needs. The local welfare agency or the agency responsible
for investigating the report shall collect available and relevant information to ascertain whether
maltreatment occurred and whether protective services are needed. Information collected
includes, when relevant, information with regard to the person reporting the alleged maltreatment,
including the nature of the reporter's relationship to the child and to the alleged offender, and the
basis of the reporter's knowledge for the report; the child allegedly being maltreated; the alleged
offender; the child's caretaker; and other collateral sources having relevant information related to
the alleged maltreatment. The local welfare agency or the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report may make a determination of no maltreatment early in an assessment,
and close the case and retain immunity, if the collected information shows no basis for a full
assessment or investigation.
Information relevant to the assessment or investigation must be asked for, and may include:
(1) the child's sex and age, prior reports of maltreatment, information relating to
developmental functioning, credibility of the child's statement, and whether the information
provided under this clause is consistent with other information collected during the course of the
assessment or investigation;
(2) the alleged offender's age, a record check for prior reports of maltreatment, and criminal
charges and convictions. The local welfare agency or the agency responsible for assessing
or investigating the report must provide the alleged offender with an opportunity to make a
statement. The alleged offender may submit supporting documentation relevant to the assessment
or investigation;
(3) collateral source information regarding the alleged maltreatment and care of the child.
Collateral information includes, when relevant: (i) a medical examination of the child; (ii) prior
medical records relating to the alleged maltreatment or the care of the child maintained by any
facility, clinic, or health care professional and an interview with the treating professionals; and
(iii) interviews with the child's caretakers, including the child's parent, guardian, foster parent,
child care provider, teachers, counselors, family members, relatives, and other persons who may
have knowledge regarding the alleged maltreatment and the care of the child; and
(4) information on the existence of domestic abuse and violence in the home of the child,
and substance abuse.
Nothing in this paragraph precludes the local welfare agency, the local law enforcement
agency, or the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report from collecting other
relevant information necessary to conduct the assessment or investigation. Notwithstanding
section 13.384 or 144.335, the local welfare agency has access to medical data and records for
purposes of clause (3). Notwithstanding the data's classification in the possession of any other
agency, data acquired by the local welfare agency or the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report during the course of the assessment or investigation are private data on
individuals and must be maintained in accordance with subdivision 11. Data of the commissioner
of education collected or maintained during and for the purpose of an investigation of alleged
maltreatment in a school are governed by this section, notwithstanding the data's classification
as educational, licensing, or personnel data under chapter 13.
In conducting an assessment or investigation involving a school facility as defined in
subdivision 2, paragraph (i), the commissioner of education shall collect investigative reports
and data that are relevant to a report of maltreatment and are from local law enforcement and the
school facility.
(i) Upon receipt of a report, the local welfare agency shall conduct a face-to-face contact with
the child reported to be maltreated and with the child's primary caregiver sufficient to complete a
safety assessment and ensure the immediate safety of the child. The face-to-face contact with
the child and primary caregiver shall occur immediately if substantial child endangerment is
alleged and within five calendar days for all other reports. If the alleged offender was not already
interviewed as the primary caregiver, the local welfare agency shall also conduct a face-to-face
interview with the alleged offender in the early stages of the assessment or investigation. At
the initial contact, the local child welfare agency or the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report must inform the alleged offender of the complaints or allegations made
against the individual in a manner consistent with laws protecting the rights of the person who
made the report. The interview with the alleged offender may be postponed if it would jeopardize
an active law enforcement investigation.
(j) When conducting an investigation, the local welfare agency shall use a question and
answer interviewing format with questioning as nondirective as possible to elicit spontaneous
responses. For investigations only, the following interviewing methods and procedures must be
used whenever possible when collecting information:
(1) audio recordings of all interviews with witnesses and collateral sources; and
(2) in cases of alleged sexual abuse, audio-video recordings of each interview with the
alleged victim and child witnesses.
(k) In conducting an assessment or investigation involving a school facility as defined in
subdivision 2, paragraph (i), the commissioner of education shall collect available and relevant
information and use the procedures in paragraphs (i), (k), and subdivision 3d, except that the
requirement for face-to-face observation of the child and face-to-face interview of the alleged
offender is to occur in the initial stages of the assessment or investigation provided that the
commissioner may also base the assessment or investigation on investigative reports and data
received from the school facility and local law enforcement, to the extent those investigations
satisfy the requirements of paragraphs (i) and (k), and subdivision 3d.
    Subd. 10a. Abuse outside family unit. If the report alleges neglect, physical abuse, or sexual
abuse by a person responsible for the child's care functioning outside the family unit in a setting
other than a facility as defined in subdivision 2, the local welfare agency shall immediately notify
the appropriate law enforcement agency, which shall conduct an investigation of the alleged abuse
or neglect. The local welfare agency shall offer appropriate social services for the purpose of
safeguarding and enhancing the welfare of the abused or neglected minor.
    Subd. 10b. Duties of commissioner; neglect or abuse in facility. (a) This section applies to
the commissioners of human services, health, and education. The commissioner of the agency
responsible for assessing or investigating the report shall immediately assess or investigate if
the report alleges that:
(1) a child who is in the care of a facility as defined in subdivision 2 is neglected, physically
abused, sexually abused, or is the victim of maltreatment in a facility by an individual in that
facility, or has been so neglected or abused, or been the victim of maltreatment in a facility by an
individual in that facility within the three years preceding the report; or
(2) a child was neglected, physically abused, sexually abused, or is the victim of maltreatment
in a facility by an individual in a facility defined in subdivision 2, while in the care of that facility
within the three years preceding the report.
The commissioner of the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report shall
arrange for the transmittal to the commissioner of reports received by local agencies and may
delegate to a local welfare agency the duty to investigate reports. In conducting an investigation
under this section, the commissioner has the powers and duties specified for local welfare agencies
under this section. The commissioner of the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the
report or local welfare agency may interview any children who are or have been in the care of a
facility under investigation and their parents, guardians, or legal custodians.
(b) Prior to any interview, the commissioner of the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report or local welfare agency shall notify the parent, guardian, or legal custodian
of a child who will be interviewed in the manner provided for in subdivision 10d, paragraph (a). If
reasonable efforts to reach the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of a child in an out-of-home
placement have failed, the child may be interviewed if there is reason to believe the interview is
necessary to protect the child or other children in the facility. The commissioner of the agency
responsible for assessing or investigating the report or local agency must provide the information
required in this subdivision to the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of a child interviewed
without parental notification as soon as possible after the interview. When the investigation is
completed, any parent, guardian, or legal custodian notified under this subdivision shall receive
the written memorandum provided for in subdivision 10d, paragraph (c).
(c) In conducting investigations under this subdivision the commissioner or local welfare
agency shall obtain access to information consistent with subdivision 10, paragraphs (h), (i),
and (j). In conducting assessments or investigations under this subdivision, the commissioner
of education shall obtain access to reports and investigative data that are relevant to a report of
maltreatment and are in the possession of a school facility as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph
(i), notwithstanding the classification of the data as educational or personnel data under chapter
13. This includes, but is not limited to, school investigative reports, information concerning the
conduct of school personnel alleged to have committed maltreatment of students, information
about witnesses, and any protective or corrective action taken by the school facility regarding
the school personnel alleged to have committed maltreatment.
(d) The commissioner may request assistance from the local social services agency.
    Subd. 10c. Duties of local social service agency upon receipt of a report of medical
neglect. If the report alleges medical neglect as defined in section 260C.007, subdivision 4,
clause (5), the local welfare agency shall, in addition to its other duties under this section,
immediately consult with designated hospital staff and with the parents of the infant to verify that
appropriate nutrition, hydration, and medication are being provided; and shall immediately secure
an independent medical review of the infant's medical charts and records and, if necessary, seek a
court order for an independent medical examination of the infant. If the review or examination
leads to a conclusion of medical neglect, the agency shall intervene on behalf of the infant by
initiating legal proceedings under section 260C.141 and by filing an expedited motion to prevent
the withholding of medically indicated treatment.
    Subd. 10d. Notification of neglect or abuse in facility. (a) When a report is received that
alleges neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child while in the care of a
licensed or unlicensed day care facility, residential facility, agency, hospital, sanitarium, or other
facility or institution required to be licensed according to sections 144.50 to 144.58; 241.021; or
245A.01 to 245A.16; or chapter 245B, or a school as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions
9, 11, and 13
; and 124D.10; or a nonlicensed personal care provider organization as defined in
section 256B.04, subdivision 16, and 256B.0625, subdivision 19a, the commissioner of the
agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report or local welfare agency investigating
the report shall provide the following information to the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of
a child alleged to have been neglected, physically abused, sexually abused, or the victim of
maltreatment of a child in the facility: the name of the facility; the fact that a report alleging
neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child in the facility has been received;
the nature of the alleged neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child in the
facility; that the agency is conducting an assessment or investigation; any protective or corrective
measures being taken pending the outcome of the investigation; and that a written memorandum
will be provided when the investigation is completed.
(b) The commissioner of the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report or
local welfare agency may also provide the information in paragraph (a) to the parent, guardian, or
legal custodian of any other child in the facility if the investigative agency knows or has reason to
believe the alleged neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child in the facility
has occurred. In determining whether to exercise this authority, the commissioner of the agency
responsible for assessing or investigating the report or local welfare agency shall consider the
seriousness of the alleged neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child in
the facility; the number of children allegedly neglected, physically abused, sexually abused, or
victims of maltreatment of a child in the facility; the number of alleged perpetrators; and the
length of the investigation. The facility shall be notified whenever this discretion is exercised.
(c) When the commissioner of the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the
report or local welfare agency has completed its investigation, every parent, guardian, or
legal custodian previously notified of the investigation by the commissioner or local welfare
agency shall be provided with the following information in a written memorandum: the name
of the facility investigated; the nature of the alleged neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, or
maltreatment of a child in the facility; the investigator's name; a summary of the investigation
findings; a statement whether maltreatment was found; and the protective or corrective measures
that are being or will be taken. The memorandum shall be written in a manner that protects the
identity of the reporter and the child and shall not contain the name, or to the extent possible,
reveal the identity of the alleged perpetrator or of those interviewed during the investigation. If
maltreatment is determined to exist, the commissioner or local welfare agency shall also provide
the written memorandum to the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of each child in the facility
who had contact with the individual responsible for the maltreatment. When the facility is the
responsible party for maltreatment, the commissioner or local welfare agency shall also provide
the written memorandum to the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of each child who received
services in the population of the facility where the maltreatment occurred. This notification must
be provided to the parent, guardian, or legal custodian of each child receiving services from the
time the maltreatment occurred until either the individual responsible for maltreatment is no
longer in contact with a child or children in the facility or the conclusion of the investigation. In
the case of maltreatment within a school facility, as defined in sections 120A.05, subdivisions 9,
11, and 13
, and 124D.10, the commissioner of education need not provide notification to parents,
guardians, or legal custodians of each child in the facility, but may provide notification to the
parent, guardian, or legal custodian of any student alleged to have been maltreated or involved as
a witness to alleged maltreatment.
    Subd. 10e. Determinations. (a) The local welfare agency shall conclude the family
assessment or the investigation within 45 days of the receipt of a report. The conclusion of the
assessment or investigation may be extended to permit the completion of a criminal investigation
or the receipt of expert information requested within 45 days of the receipt of the report.
(b) After conducting a family assessment, the local welfare agency shall determine whether
services are needed to address the safety of the child and other family members and the risk of
subsequent maltreatment.
(c) After conducting an investigation, the local welfare agency shall make two
determinations: first, whether maltreatment has occurred; and second, whether child protective
services are needed.
(d) If the commissioner of education conducts an assessment or investigation, the
commissioner shall determine whether maltreatment occurred and what corrective or protective
action was taken by the school facility. If a determination is made that maltreatment has occurred,
the commissioner shall report to the employer, the school board, and any appropriate licensing
entity the determination that maltreatment occurred and what corrective or protective action was
taken by the school facility. In all other cases, the commissioner shall inform the school board or
employer that a report was received, the subject of the report, the date of the initial report, the
category of maltreatment alleged as defined in paragraph (f), the fact that maltreatment was not
determined, and a summary of the specific reasons for the determination.
(e) When maltreatment is determined in an investigation involving a facility, the investigating
agency shall also determine whether the facility or individual was responsible, or whether both
the facility and the individual were responsible for the maltreatment using the mitigating factors
in paragraph (i). Determinations under this subdivision must be made based on a preponderance
of the evidence and are private data on individuals or nonpublic data as maintained by the
commissioner of education.
(f) For the purposes of this subdivision, "maltreatment" means any of the following acts or
omissions:
(1) physical abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (g);
(2) neglect as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (f);
(3) sexual abuse as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (d);
(4) mental injury as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (m); or
(5) maltreatment of a child in a facility as defined in subdivision 2, paragraph (i).
(g) For the purposes of this subdivision, a determination that child protective services are
needed means that the local welfare agency has documented conditions during the assessment
or investigation sufficient to cause a child protection worker, as defined in section 626.559,
subdivision 1
, to conclude that a child is at significant risk of maltreatment if protective
intervention is not provided and that the individuals responsible for the child's care have not taken
or are not likely to take actions to protect the child from maltreatment or risk of maltreatment.
(h) This subdivision does not mean that maltreatment has occurred solely because the child's
parent, guardian, or other person responsible for the child's care in good faith selects and depends
upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment or care of disease or remedial care of the child, in lieu
of medical care. However, if lack of medical care may result in serious danger to the child's health,
the local welfare agency may ensure that necessary medical services are provided to the child.
(i) When determining whether the facility or individual is the responsible party for
determined maltreatment in a facility, the investigating agency shall consider at least the
following mitigating factors:
(1) whether the actions of the facility or the individual caregivers were according to, and
followed the terms of, an erroneous physician order, prescription, individual care plan, or
directive; however, this is not a mitigating factor when the facility or caregiver was responsible
for the issuance of the erroneous order, prescription, individual care plan, or directive or knew or
should have known of the errors and took no reasonable measures to correct the defect before
administering care;
(2) comparative responsibility between the facility, other caregivers, and requirements placed
upon an employee, including the facility's compliance with related regulatory standards and the
adequacy of facility policies and procedures, facility training, an individual's participation in the
training, the caregiver's supervision, and facility staffing levels and the scope of the individual
employee's authority and discretion; and
(3) whether the facility or individual followed professional standards in exercising
professional judgment.
(j) Individual counties may implement more detailed definitions or criteria that indicate
which allegations to investigate, as long as a county's policies are consistent with the definitions
in the statutes and rules and are approved by the county board. Each local welfare agency shall
periodically inform mandated reporters under subdivision 3 who work in the county of the
definitions of maltreatment in the statutes and rules and any additional definitions or criteria
that have been approved by the county board.
    Subd. 10f. Notice of determinations. Within ten working days of the conclusion of a family
assessment, the local welfare agency shall notify the parent or guardian of the child of the need
for services to address child safety concerns or significant risk of subsequent child maltreatment.
The local welfare agency and the family may also jointly agree that family support and family
preservation services are needed. Within ten working days of the conclusion of an investigation,
the local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report shall
notify the parent or guardian of the child, the person determined to be maltreating the child, and if
applicable, the director of the facility, of the determination and a summary of the specific reasons
for the determination. The notice must also include a certification that the information collection
procedures under subdivision 10, paragraphs (h), (i), and (j), were followed and a notice of the
right of a data subject to obtain access to other private data on the subject collected, created, or
maintained under this section. In addition, the notice shall include the length of time that the
records will be kept under subdivision 11c. The investigating agency shall notify the parent or
guardian of the child who is the subject of the report, and any person or facility determined to
have maltreated a child, of their appeal or review rights under this section or section 256.022.
    Subd. 10g. Interstate data exchange. All reports and records created, collected, or
maintained under this section by a local social service agency or law enforcement agency may
be disclosed to a local social service or other child welfare agency of another state when the
agency certifies that:
(1) the reports and records are necessary in order to conduct an investigation of actions that
would qualify as sexual abuse, physical abuse, or neglect under this section; and
(2) the reports and records will be used only for purposes of a child protection assessment or
investigation and will not be further disclosed to any other person or agency.
The local social service agency or law enforcement agency in this state shall keep a record of
all records or reports disclosed pursuant to this subdivision and of any agency to which the records
or reports are disclosed. If in any case records or reports are disclosed before a determination is
made under subdivision 10e, or a disposition of any criminal proceedings is reached, the local
social service agency or law enforcement agency in this state shall forward the determination or
disposition to any agency that has received any report or record under this subdivision.
    Subd. 10h. Child abuse data; release to family court services. The responsible authority
or its designee of a local welfare agency may release private or confidential data on an active
case involving assessment or investigation of actions that are defined as sexual abuse, physical
abuse, or neglect under this section to a court services agency if:
(1) the court services agency has an active case involving a common client or clients who are
the subject of the data; and
(2) the data are necessary for the court services agency to effectively process the court
services' case, including investigating or performing other duties relating to the case required
by law.
The data disclosed under this subdivision may be used only for purposes of the active court
services case described in clause (1) and may not be further disclosed to any other person or
agency, except as authorized by law.
    Subd. 10i. Administrative reconsideration of final determination of maltreatment and
disqualification based on serious or recurring maltreatment; review panel. (a) Administrative
reconsideration is not applicable in family assessments since no determination concerning
maltreatment is made. For investigations, except as provided under paragraph (e), an individual
or facility that the commissioner of human services, a local social service agency, or the
commissioner of education determines has maltreated a child, an interested person acting on
behalf of the child, regardless of the determination, who contests the investigating agency's final
determination regarding maltreatment, may request the investigating agency to reconsider its
final determination regarding maltreatment. The request for reconsideration must be submitted
in writing to the investigating agency within 15 calendar days after receipt of notice of the final
determination regarding maltreatment or, if the request is made by an interested person who is not
entitled to notice, within 15 days after receipt of the notice by the parent or guardian of the child.
If mailed, the request for reconsideration must be postmarked and sent to the investigating agency
within 15 calendar days of the individual's or facility's receipt of the final determination. If the
request for reconsideration is made by personal service, it must be received by the investigating
agency within 15 calendar days after the individual's or facility's receipt of the final determination.
Effective January 1, 2002, an individual who was determined to have maltreated a child under
this section and who was disqualified on the basis of serious or recurring maltreatment under
sections 245C.14 and 245C.15, may request reconsideration of the maltreatment determination
and the disqualification. The request for reconsideration of the maltreatment determination and
the disqualification must be submitted within 30 calendar days of the individual's receipt of
the notice of disqualification under sections 245C.16 and 245C.17. If mailed, the request for
reconsideration of the maltreatment determination and the disqualification must be postmarked
and sent to the investigating agency within 30 calendar days of the individual's receipt of the
maltreatment determination and notice of disqualification. If the request for reconsideration is
made by personal service, it must be received by the investigating agency within 30 calendar days
after the individual's receipt of the notice of disqualification.
(b) Except as provided under paragraphs (e) and (f), if the investigating agency denies the
request or fails to act upon the request within 15 working days after receiving the request for
reconsideration, the person or facility entitled to a fair hearing under section 256.045 may submit
to the commissioner of human services or the commissioner of education a written request for a
hearing under that section. Section 256.045 also governs hearings requested to contest a final
determination of the commissioner of education. For reports involving maltreatment of a child in
a facility, an interested person acting on behalf of the child may request a review by the Child
Maltreatment Review Panel under section 256.022 if the investigating agency denies the request
or fails to act upon the request or if the interested person contests a reconsidered determination.
The investigating agency shall notify persons who request reconsideration of their rights under
this paragraph. The request must be submitted in writing to the review panel and a copy sent to
the investigating agency within 30 calendar days of receipt of notice of a denial of a request for
reconsideration or of a reconsidered determination. The request must specifically identify the
aspects of the agency determination with which the person is dissatisfied.
(c) If, as a result of a reconsideration or review, the investigating agency changes the final
determination of maltreatment, that agency shall notify the parties specified in subdivisions
10b, 10d, and 10f.
(d) Except as provided under paragraph (f), if an individual or facility contests the
investigating agency's final determination regarding maltreatment by requesting a fair hearing
under section 256.045, the commissioner of human services shall assure that the hearing is
conducted and a decision is reached within 90 days of receipt of the request for a hearing. The
time for action on the decision may be extended for as many days as the hearing is postponed or
the record is held open for the benefit of either party.
(e) Effective January 1, 2002, if an individual was disqualified under sections 245C.14 and
245C.15, on the basis of a determination of maltreatment, which was serious or recurring, and
the individual has requested reconsideration of the maltreatment determination under paragraph
(a) and requested reconsideration of the disqualification under sections 245C.21 to 245C.27,
reconsideration of the maltreatment determination and reconsideration of the disqualification shall
be consolidated into a single reconsideration. If reconsideration of the maltreatment determination
is denied or the disqualification is not set aside under sections 245C.21 to 245C.27, the individual
may request a fair hearing under section 256.045. If an individual requests a fair hearing on the
maltreatment determination and the disqualification, the scope of the fair hearing shall include
both the maltreatment determination and the disqualification.
(f) Effective January 1, 2002, if a maltreatment determination or a disqualification based on
serious or recurring maltreatment is the basis for a denial of a license under section 245A.05 or
a licensing sanction under section 245A.07, the license holder has the right to a contested case
hearing under chapter 14 and Minnesota Rules, parts 1400.8505 to 1400.8612. As provided for
under section 245A.08, subdivision 2a, the scope of the contested case hearing shall include
the maltreatment determination, disqualification, and licensing sanction or denial of a license.
In such cases, a fair hearing regarding the maltreatment determination shall not be conducted
under paragraph (b). When a fine is based on a determination that the license holder is responsible
for maltreatment and the fine is issued at the same time as the maltreatment determination,
if the license holder appeals the maltreatment and fine, reconsideration of the maltreatment
determination shall not be conducted under this section. If the disqualified subject is an individual
other than the license holder and upon whom a background study must be conducted under
chapter 245C, the hearings of all parties may be consolidated into a single contested case hearing
upon consent of all parties and the administrative law judge.
(g) For purposes of this subdivision, "interested person acting on behalf of the child"
means a parent or legal guardian; stepparent; grandparent; guardian ad litem; adult stepbrother,
stepsister, or sibling; or adult aunt or uncle; unless the person has been determined to be the
perpetrator of the maltreatment.
    Subd. 10j. Release of data to mandated reporters. A local social services or child
protection agency, or the agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report of
maltreatment, may provide relevant private data on individuals obtained under this section to
mandated reporters who have an ongoing responsibility for the health, education, or welfare of
a child affected by the data, in the best interests of the child. Mandated reporters with ongoing
responsibility for the health, education, or welfare of a child affected by the data include the
child's teachers or other appropriate school personnel, foster parents, health care providers, respite
care workers, therapists, social workers, child care providers, residential care staff, crisis nursery
staff, probation officers, and court services personnel. Under this section, a mandated reporter
need not have made the report to be considered a person with ongoing responsibility for the
health, education, or welfare of a child affected by the data. Data provided under this section must
be limited to data pertinent to the individual's responsibility for caring for the child.
    Subd. 10k. Release of certain investigative records to other counties. Records maintained
under subdivision 11c, paragraph (a), may be shared with another local welfare agency that
requests the information because it is conducting an investigation under this section of the subject
of the records.
    Subd. 10l. Documentation. When a case is closed that has been open for services, the local
welfare agency shall document the outcome of the family assessment or investigation, including a
description of services provided and the removal or reduction of risk to the child, if it existed.
    Subd. 10m. Provision of child protective services. The local welfare agency shall create
a written plan, in collaboration with the family whenever possible, within 30 days of the
determination that child protective services are needed or upon joint agreement of the local
welfare agency and the family that family support and preservation services are needed. Child
protective services for a family are voluntary unless ordered by the court.
    Subd. 11. Records. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) or (d) and subdivisions 10b,
10d, 10g, and 11b, all records concerning individuals maintained by a local welfare agency or
agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report under this section, including any
written reports filed under subdivision 7, shall be private data on individuals, except insofar as
copies of reports are required by subdivision 7 to be sent to the local police department or the
county sheriff. All records concerning determinations of maltreatment by a facility are nonpublic
data as maintained by the Department of Education, except insofar as copies of reports are
required by subdivision 7 to be sent to the local police department or the county sheriff. Reports
maintained by any police department or the county sheriff shall be private data on individuals
except the reports shall be made available to the investigating, petitioning, or prosecuting
authority, including county medical examiners or county coroners. Section 13.82, subdivisions
8, 9, and 14
, apply to law enforcement data other than the reports. The local social services
agency or agency responsible for assessing or investigating the report shall make available to
the investigating, petitioning, or prosecuting authority, including county medical examiners or
county coroners or their professional delegates, any records which contain information relating to
a specific incident of neglect or abuse which is under investigation, petition, or prosecution and
information relating to any prior incidents of neglect or abuse involving any of the same persons.
The records shall be collected and maintained in accordance with the provisions of chapter 13. In
conducting investigations and assessments pursuant to this section, the notice required by section
13.04, subdivision 2, need not be provided to a minor under the age of ten who is the alleged
victim of abuse or neglect. An individual subject of a record shall have access to the record in
accordance with those sections, except that the name of the reporter shall be confidential while the
report is under assessment or investigation except as otherwise permitted by this subdivision. Any
person conducting an investigation or assessment under this section who intentionally discloses
the identity of a reporter prior to the completion of the investigation or assessment is guilty of a
misdemeanor. After the assessment or investigation is completed, the name of the reporter shall
be confidential. The subject of the report may compel disclosure of the name of the reporter only
with the consent of the reporter or upon a written finding by the court that the report was false
and that there is evidence that the report was made in bad faith. This subdivision does not alter
disclosure responsibilities or obligations under the Rules of Criminal Procedure.
(b) Upon request of the legislative auditor, data on individuals maintained under this section
must be released to the legislative auditor in order for the auditor to fulfill the auditor's duties
under section 3.971. The auditor shall maintain the data in accordance with chapter 13.
(c) The commissioner of education must be provided with all requested data that are
relevant to a report of maltreatment and are in possession of a school facility as defined in
subdivision 2, paragraph (i), when the data is requested pursuant to an assessment or investigation
of a maltreatment report of a student in a school. If the commissioner of education makes a
determination of maltreatment involving an individual performing work within a school facility
who is licensed by a board or other agency, the commissioner shall provide necessary and
relevant information to the licensing entity to enable the entity to fulfill its statutory duties.
Notwithstanding section 13.03, subdivision 4, data received by a licensing entity under this
paragraph are governed by section 13.41 or other applicable law governing data of the receiving
entity, except that this section applies to the classification of and access to data on the reporter
of the maltreatment.
(d) The investigating agency shall exchange not public data with the Child Maltreatment
Review Panel under section 256.022 if the data are pertinent and necessary for a review requested
under section 256.022. Upon completion of the review, the not public data received by the review
panel must be returned to the investigating agency.
    Subd. 11a. Disclosure of information not required in certain cases. When interviewing
a minor under subdivision 10, an individual does not include the parent or guardian of the
minor for purposes of section 13.04, subdivision 2, when the parent or guardian is the alleged
perpetrator of the abuse or neglect.
    Subd. 11b. Data received from law enforcement. Active law enforcement investigative
data received by a local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing or investigating the
report under this section are confidential data on individuals. When this data become inactive in
the law enforcement agency, the data are private data on individuals.
    Subd. 11c. Welfare, court services agency, and school records maintained.
Notwithstanding sections 138.163 and 138.17, records maintained or records derived from reports
of abuse by local welfare agencies, agencies responsible for assessing or investigating the report,
court services agencies, or schools under this section shall be destroyed as provided in paragraphs
(a) to (d) by the responsible authority.
(a) For family assessment cases and cases where an investigation results in no determination
of maltreatment or the need for child protective services, the assessment or investigation records
must be maintained for a period of four years. Records under this paragraph may not be used
for employment, background checks, or purposes other than to assist in future risk and safety
assessments.
(b) All records relating to reports which, upon investigation, indicate either maltreatment
or a need for child protective services shall be maintained for at least ten years after the date
of the final entry in the case record.
(c) All records regarding a report of maltreatment, including any notification of intent to
interview which was received by a school under subdivision 10, paragraph (d), shall be destroyed
by the school when ordered to do so by the agency conducting the assessment or investigation.
The agency shall order the destruction of the notification when other records relating to the report
under investigation or assessment are destroyed under this subdivision.
(d) Private or confidential data released to a court services agency under subdivision 10h
must be destroyed by the court services agency when ordered to do so by the local welfare
agency that released the data. The local welfare agency or agency responsible for assessing or
investigating the report shall order destruction of the data when other records relating to the
assessment or investigation are destroyed under this subdivision.
    Subd. 11d. Disclosure in child fatality or near fatality cases. (a) The definitions in this
paragraph apply to this section.
(1) "Child fatality" means the death of a child from suspected abuse, neglect, or maltreatment.
(2) "Near fatality" means a case in which a physician determines that a child is in serious
or critical condition as the result of sickness or injury caused by suspected abuse, neglect,
or maltreatment.
(3) "Findings and information" means a written summary described in paragraph (c) of
actions taken or services rendered by a local social services agency following receipt of a report.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject to this subdivision, a public
agency shall disclose to the public, upon request, the findings and information related to a child
fatality or near fatality if:
(1) a person is criminally charged with having caused the child fatality or near fatality; or
(2) a county attorney certifies that a person would have been charged with having caused the
child fatality or near fatality but for that person's death.
(c) Findings and information disclosed under this subdivision consist of a written summary
that includes any of the following information the agency is able to provide:
(1) the dates, outcomes, and results of any actions taken or services rendered;
(2) the results of any review of the state child mortality review panel, a local child mortality
review panel, a local community child protection team, or any public agency; and
(3) confirmation of the receipt of all reports, accepted or not accepted, by the local welfare
agency for assessment of suspected child abuse, neglect, or maltreatment, including confirmation
that investigations were conducted, the results of the investigations, a description of the conduct
of the most recent investigation and the services rendered, and a statement of the basis for the
agency's determination.
(d) Nothing in this subdivision authorizes access to the private data in the custody of a
local social services agency, or the disclosure to the public of the records or content of any
psychiatric, psychological, or therapeutic evaluations, or the disclosure of information that would
reveal the identities of persons who provided information related to suspected abuse, neglect, or
maltreatment of the child.
(e) A person whose request is denied may apply to the appropriate court for an order
compelling disclosure of all or part of the findings and information of the public agency. The
application must set forth, with reasonable particularity, factors supporting the application. The
court has jurisdiction to issue these orders. Actions under this section must be set down for
immediate hearing, and subsequent proceedings in those actions must be given priority by the
appellate courts.
(f) A public agency or its employees acting in good faith in disclosing or declining to
disclose information under this section are immune from criminal or civil liability that might
otherwise be incurred or imposed for that action.
    Subd. 12. Duties of facility operators. Any operator, employee, or volunteer worker at any
facility who intentionally neglects, physically abuses, or sexually abuses any child in the care
of that facility may be charged with a violation of section 609.255, 609.377, or 609.378. Any
operator of a facility who knowingly permits conditions to exist which result in neglect, physical
abuse, sexual abuse, or maltreatment of a child in a facility while in the care of that facility may
be charged with a violation of section 609.378. The facility operator shall inform all mandated
reporters employed by or otherwise associated with the facility of the duties required of mandated
reporters and shall inform all mandatory reporters of the prohibition against retaliation for reports
made in good faith under this section.
    Subd. 13.[Repealed, 1988 c 625 s 9]
    Subd. 14. Conflict of interest. (a) A potential conflict of interest related to assisting in
an assessment under this section resulting in a direct or shared financial interest with a child
abuse and neglect treatment provider or resulting from a personal or family relationship with a
party in the investigation must be considered by the local welfare agency in an effort to prevent
unethical relationships.
(b) A person who conducts an assessment under this section or section 626.5561 may not
have:
(1) any direct or shared financial interest or referral relationship resulting in a direct shared
financial gain with a child abuse and neglect treatment provider; or
(2) a personal or family relationship with a party in the investigation.
If an independent assessor is not available, the person responsible for making the
determination under this section may use the services of an assessor with a financial interest,
referral, or personal or family relationship.
    Subd. 15. Auditing. The commissioner of human services shall regularly audit for accuracy
the data reported by counties on maltreatment of minors.
History: 1975 c 221 s 1; 1977 c 130 s 9; 1977 c 212 s 2,3; 1978 c 755 s 1-9; 1979 c 143 s 1;
1979 c 255 s 7; 1980 c 509 s 50,181; 1981 c 240 s 2; 1981 c 273 s 12; 1981 c 311 s 39; 1Sp1981 c
4 art 1 s 15; 1982 c 393 s 1,2; 1982 c 545 s 24; 1982 c 636 s 1-4; 1983 c 217 s 8; 1983 c 229 s
1,2; 1983 c 345 s 13-19; 1984 c 484 s 3; 1984 c 573 s 10; 1984 c 577 s 1-6; 1984 c 588 s 12;
1984 c 654 art 5 s 58; 1984 c 655 art 2 s 14 subd 1; 1985 c 266 s 5-15; 1985 c 283 s 2-4; 1985 c
286 s 19,20; 1985 c 293 s 3-5; 1986 c 351 s 19,20; 1986 c 380 s 3; 1986 c 444; 1986 c 469 s 2;
1Sp1986 c 3 art 1 s 77; 1987 c 91 s 1-3; 1987 c 110 s 2; 1987 c 135 s 1-3; 1987 c 211 s 1; 1987 c
333 s 22; 1987 c 352 s 9,10; 1988 c 543 s 11,12; 1988 c 625 s 2-8; 1988 c 662 s 4; 1989 c 177 s
2,3; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 1; 1989 c 282 art 2 s 200,201; 1989 c 290 art 5 s 4; 1990 c 426 art 1 s
55; 1990 c 542 s 20-26; 1991 c 181 s 1; 1991 c 319 s 24,25; 1993 c 13 art 1 s 50; 1993 c 296
s 3; 1993 c 306 s 18,19; 1993 c 326 art 6 s 23; 1993 c 351 s 37,38; 1994 c 434 s 8-10; 1994 c
631 s 31; 1994 c 636 art 2 s 57-59; art 4 s 30; 1995 c 187 s 1-7; 1995 c 229 art 4 s 20; 1997 c
203 art 5 s 25-30; 1997 c 245 art 2 s 8; 1Sp1997 c 3 s 44; 3Sp1997 c 3 s 10; 1998 c 406 art 1 s
36,37; art 4 s 2-7; 1998 c 407 art 9 s 35; 1Sp1998 c 3 s 25; 1999 c 139 art 4 s 2; 1999 c 227 s 22;
1999 c 241 art 2 s 54; art 10 s 3; 1999 c 245 art 4 s 102; art 8 s 66-79; 2000 c 401 s 1; 2000 c
444 art 2 s 47; 2001 c 7 s 88; 2001 c 136 s 1; 2001 c 178 art 1 s 40,44; art 2 s 7-17; 1Sp2001 c
6 art 3 s 16; 1Sp2001 c 9 art 11 s 6-12; art 14 s 29; 2002 c 375 art 1 s 21; 2002 c 379 art 1 s
107,113; 2002 c 385 s 9; 2003 c 15 art 1 s 33; 2003 c 130 s 12; 2004 c 288 art 1 s 78,79; 2004 c
294 art 5 s 18; 2005 c 56 s 1; 2005 c 136 art 3 s 25; 2005 c 159 art 1 s 1-13; 1Sp2005 c 4 art
1 s 54; 2006 c 263 art 7 s 6; 2006 c 264 s 14; 2006 c 283 s 1
NOTE: Subdivision 3c was also amended by Laws 2006, chapter 263, article 3, section
13, to read as follows:
"Subd. 3c. Local welfare agency, Department of Human Services or Department of
Health responsible for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment. (a) The county
local welfare agency is the agency responsible for assessing or investigating:
(1) allegations of maltreatment in child foster care, family child care, and legally unlicensed
child care and in juvenile correctional facilities licensed under section 241.021 located in the
local welfare agency's county; and
(2) until August 1, 2007, other allegations of maltreatment that are not the responsibility of
another agency. The commissioners of human services, public safety, and education must jointly
submit a written report by February 1, 2007, to the education policy and finance committees of
the legislature recommending the most efficient and effective allocation of agency responsibility
for assessing or investigating reports of maltreatment.
(b) The Department of Human Services is the agency responsible for assessing or
investigating allegations of maltreatment in facilities licensed under chapters 245A and 245B,
except for child foster care and family child care.
(c) The Department of Health is the agency responsible for assessing or investigating
allegations of child maltreatment in facilities licensed under sections 144.50 to 144.58, and in
unlicensed home health care."
626.5561 REPORTING OF PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.
    Subdivision 1. Reports required. A person mandated to report under section 626.556,
subdivision 3
, shall immediately report to the local welfare agency if the person knows or has
reason to believe that a woman is pregnant and has used a controlled substance for a nonmedical
purpose during the pregnancy. Any person may make a voluntary report if the person knows
or has reason to believe that a woman is pregnant and has used a controlled substance for a
nonmedical purpose during the pregnancy. An oral report shall be made immediately by telephone
or otherwise. An oral report made by a person required to report shall be followed within 72
hours, exclusive of weekends and holidays, by a report in writing to the local welfare agency.
Any report shall be of sufficient content to identify the pregnant woman, the nature and extent of
the use, if known, and the name and address of the reporter.
    Subd. 2. Local welfare agency. If the report alleges a pregnant woman's use of a controlled
substance for a nonmedical purpose, the local welfare agency shall immediately conduct an
appropriate assessment and offer services indicated under the circumstances. Services offered
may include, but are not limited to, a referral for chemical dependency assessment, a referral
for chemical dependency treatment if recommended, and a referral for prenatal care. The local
welfare agency may also take any appropriate action under chapter 253B, including seeking an
emergency admission under section 253B.05. The local welfare agency shall seek an emergency
admission under section 253B.05 if the pregnant woman refuses recommended voluntary services
or fails recommended treatment.
    Subd. 3. Related provisions. Reports under this section are governed by section 626.556,
subdivisions 4, 4a, 5, 6, 8, and 11
.
    Subd. 4. Controlled substances. For purposes of this section and section 626.5562,
"controlled substance" means a controlled substance listed in section 253B.02, subdivision 2.
    Subd. 5. Immunity. (a) A person making a voluntary or mandated report under subdivision 1
or assisting in an assessment under subdivision 2 is immune from any civil or criminal liability
that otherwise might result from the person's actions, if the person is acting in good faith.
(b) This subdivision does not provide immunity to any person for failure to make a required
report or for committing neglect, physical abuse, or sexual abuse of a child.
History: 1989 c 290 art 5 s 5; 1990 c 542 s 27-30
626.5562 TOXICOLOGY TESTS REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Test; report. A physician shall administer a toxicology test to a pregnant
woman under the physician's care or to a woman under the physician's care within eight hours
after delivery to determine whether there is evidence that she has ingested a controlled substance,
if the woman has obstetrical complications that are a medical indication of possible use of a
controlled substance for a nonmedical purpose. If the test results are positive, the physician shall
report the results under section 626.5561. A negative test result does not eliminate the obligation
to report under section 626.5561, if other evidence gives the physician reason to believe the
patient has used a controlled substance for a nonmedical purpose.
    Subd. 2. Newborns. A physician shall administer to each newborn infant born under the
physician's care a toxicology test to determine whether there is evidence of prenatal exposure to a
controlled substance, if the physician has reason to believe based on a medical assessment of the
mother or the infant that the mother used a controlled substance for a nonmedical purpose during
the pregnancy. If the test results are positive, the physician shall report the results as neglect under
section 626.556. A negative test result does not eliminate the obligation to report under section
626.556 if other medical evidence of prenatal exposure to a controlled substance is present.
    Subd. 3. Report to Department of Health. Physicians shall report to the Department of
Health the results of tests performed under subdivisions 1 and 2. A report shall be made on the
certificate of live birth medical supplement or the report of fetal death medical supplement filed
on or after February 1, 1991. The reports are medical data under section 13.384.
    Subd. 4. Immunity from liability. Any physician or other medical personnel administering
a toxicology test to determine the presence of a controlled substance in a pregnant woman, in a
woman within eight hours after delivery, or in a child at birth or during the first month of life is
immune from civil or criminal liability arising from administration of the test, if the physician
ordering the test believes in good faith that the test is required under this section and the test is
administered in accordance with an established protocol and reasonable medical practice.
    Subd. 5. Reliability of tests. A positive test result reported under this section must be
obtained from a confirmatory test performed by a drug testing laboratory which meets the
requirements of section 181.953, and must be performed according to the requirements for
performance of confirmatory tests imposed by the licensing, accreditation, or certification
program listed in section 181.953, subdivision 1, in which the laboratory participates.
History: 1989 c 290 art 5 s 6; 1990 c 542 s 31-33; 1991 c 36 s 4; 1991 c 60 s 10; 1999
c 227 s 22
626.5563 REPORTING PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO ALCOHOL ABUSE.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. For purposes of this section, "abuse of alcohol" means:
(1) the person has required detoxification for alcohol intoxication during the pregnancy; or
(2) the person is found to have a possible alcohol problem through the use of a validated
alcohol screening test approved by the commissioner of human services.
    Subd. 2. Report permitted. (a) If a person mandated to report under section 626.556,
subdivision 3
, knows or has reason to believe that a woman is pregnant and has knowingly abused
alcohol after she knows of the pregnancy, the person may:
(1) arrange for a chemical use assessment conducted according to rules adopted by the
commissioner of human services under section 254A.03, subdivision 3, and confirm that the
recommendations indicated by the assessment are followed; or
(2) immediately report to the local welfare agency or maternal child substance abuse project.
(b) If the woman is referred for a chemical use assessment under paragraph (a), clause
(1), and fails to obtain an assessment or refuses to comply with the recommendations of the
assessment, a report must be made to the local welfare agency or maternal child substance abuse
project providing services to the area where the woman resides.
(c) Any adult household member may make a voluntary report if the person knows or has
reason to believe that a woman in the household is pregnant and has abused alcohol during
the pregnancy.
(d) A report shall be of sufficient content to identify the pregnant woman, the nature and
extent of the abuse of alcohol, any health risk associated with the abuse of alcohol, if known, and
the name and address of the reporter.
    Subd. 3. Local welfare agency. (a) A local welfare agency receiving a report under
subdivision 2 shall, within five working days, conduct an appropriate assessment and offer
services indicated under the circumstances. The local welfare agency may meet this requirement
by referral to a local maternal child substance abuse project.
(b) Services offered must include a chemical use assessment conducted according to rules
adopted by the commissioner of human services under section 254A.03, subdivision 3. If the
chemical use assessment indicates that the woman is in need of chemical dependency treatment,
the local welfare agency must arrange for provision of the indicated level of chemical dependency
care.
(c) If the woman refuses to comply with the recommendations of the chemical use assessment
or is found by a maternal child substance abuse project to be continuing the abuse of alcohol,
the noncompliance must be reported to the local welfare agency. The local welfare agency shall
report the disposition of all cases of noncompliance to the commissioner of human services.
    Subd. 4. Immunity. A person making a report under subdivision 2 or assisting in an
assessment under subdivision 3 is immune from civil or criminal liability if the person acted in
good faith in making the report. If a person mandated to report under section 626.556, subdivision
3
, does not make a report under subdivision 2, that person is not subject to the penalties of section
626.556, subdivision 6, for failure to report. No civil, criminal, or administrative proceeding may
be instituted against a person for not making a report under subdivision 2.
    Subd. 5. Data on reporters. Data on persons making reports under this section are
confidential data on individuals as defined in section 13.02.
History: 1998 c 361 s 2
626.5565 [Repealed, 2001 c 178 art 1 s 43]
626.557 REPORTING OF MALTREATMENT OF VULNERABLE ADULTS.
    Subdivision 1. Public policy. The legislature declares that the public policy of this state is
to protect adults who, because of physical or mental disability or dependency on institutional
services, are particularly vulnerable to maltreatment; to assist in providing safe environments
for vulnerable adults; and to provide safe institutional or residential services, community-based
services, or living environments for vulnerable adults who have been maltreated.
In addition, it is the policy of this state to require the reporting of suspected maltreatment of
vulnerable adults, to provide for the voluntary reporting of maltreatment of vulnerable adults,
to require the investigation of the reports, and to provide protective and counseling services
in appropriate cases.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 3. Timing of report. (a) A mandated reporter who has reason to believe that a
vulnerable adult is being or has been maltreated, or who has knowledge that a vulnerable adult
has sustained a physical injury which is not reasonably explained shall immediately report the
information to the common entry point. If an individual is a vulnerable adult solely because
the individual is admitted to a facility, a mandated reporter is not required to report suspected
maltreatment of the individual that occurred prior to admission, unless:
(1) the individual was admitted to the facility from another facility and the reporter has
reason to believe the vulnerable adult was maltreated in the previous facility; or
(2) the reporter knows or has reason to believe that the individual is a vulnerable adult as
defined in section 626.5572, subdivision 21, clause (4).
(b) A person not required to report under the provisions of this section may voluntarily
report as described above.
(c) Nothing in this section requires a report of known or suspected maltreatment, if the
reporter knows or has reason to know that a report has been made to the common entry point.
(d) Nothing in this section shall preclude a reporter from also reporting to a law enforcement
agency.
(e) A mandated reporter who knows or has reason to believe that an error under section
626.5572, subdivision 17, paragraph (c), clause (5), occurred must make a report under this
subdivision. If the reporter or a facility, at any time believes that an investigation by a lead agency
will determine or should determine that the reported error was not neglect according to the criteria
under section 626.5572, subdivision 17, paragraph (c), clause (5), the reporter or facility may
provide to the common entry point or directly to the lead agency information explaining how
the event meets the criteria under section 626.5572, subdivision 17, paragraph (c), clause (5).
The lead agency shall consider this information when making an initial disposition of the report
under subdivision 9c.
    Subd. 3a. Report not required. The following events are not required to be reported under
this section:
(a) A circumstance where federal law specifically prohibits a person from disclosing patient
identifying information in connection with a report of suspected maltreatment, unless the
vulnerable adult, or the vulnerable adult's guardian, conservator, or legal representative, has
consented to disclosure in a manner which conforms to federal requirements. Facilities whose
patients or residents are covered by such a federal law shall seek consent to the disclosure
of suspected maltreatment from each patient or resident, or a guardian, conservator, or legal
representative, upon the patient's or resident's admission to the facility. Persons who are prohibited
by federal law from reporting an incident of suspected maltreatment shall immediately seek
consent to make a report.
(b) Verbal or physical aggression occurring between patients, residents, or clients of a
facility, or self-abusive behavior by these persons does not constitute abuse unless the behavior
causes serious harm. The operator of the facility or a designee shall record incidents of aggression
and self-abusive behavior to facilitate review by licensing agencies and county and local welfare
agencies.
(c) Accidents as defined in section 626.5572, subdivision 3.
(d) Events occurring in a facility that result from an individual's error in the provision of
therapeutic conduct to a vulnerable adult, as provided in section 626.5572, subdivision 17,
paragraph (c), clause (4).
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a report of financial exploitation, as
defined in section 626.5572, subdivision 9, solely on the basis of the transfer of money or property
by gift or as compensation for services rendered.
    Subd. 4. Reporting. A mandated reporter shall immediately make an oral report to the
common entry point. Use of a telecommunications device for the deaf or other similar device
shall be considered an oral report. The common entry point may not require written reports.
To the extent possible, the report must be of sufficient content to identify the vulnerable adult,
the caregiver, the nature and extent of the suspected maltreatment, any evidence of previous
maltreatment, the name and address of the reporter, the time, date, and location of the incident,
and any other information that the reporter believes might be helpful in investigating the suspected
maltreatment. A mandated reporter may disclose not public data, as defined in section 13.02, and
medical records under section 144.335, to the extent necessary to comply with this subdivision.
    Subd. 4a. Internal reporting of maltreatment. (a) Each facility shall establish and
enforce an ongoing written procedure in compliance with applicable licensing rules to ensure
that all cases of suspected maltreatment are reported. If a facility has an internal reporting
procedure, a mandated reporter may meet the reporting requirements of this section by reporting
internally. However, the facility remains responsible for complying with the immediate reporting
requirements of this section.
(b) A facility with an internal reporting procedure that receives an internal report by a
mandated reporter shall give the mandated reporter a written notice stating whether the facility
has reported the incident to the common entry point. The written notice must be provided within
two working days and in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the reporter.
(c) The written response to the mandated reporter shall note that if the mandated reporter is
not satisfied with the action taken by the facility on whether to report the incident to the common
entry point, then the mandated reporter may report externally.
(d) A facility may not prohibit a mandated reporter from reporting externally, and a facility is
prohibited from retaliating against a mandated reporter who reports an incident to the common
entry point in good faith. The written notice by the facility must inform the mandated reporter
of this protection from retaliatory measures by the facility against the mandated reporter for
reporting externally.
    Subd. 5. Immunity; protection for reporters. (a) A person who makes a good faith report is
immune from any civil or criminal liability that might otherwise result from making the report, or
from participating in the investigation, or for failure to comply fully with the reporting obligation
under section 609.234 or 626.557, subdivision 7.
(b) A person employed by a lead agency or a state licensing agency who is conducting or
supervising an investigation or enforcing the law in compliance with this section or any related
rule or provision of law is immune from any civil or criminal liability that might otherwise result
from the person's actions, if the person is acting in good faith and exercising due care.
(c) A person who knows or has reason to know a report has been made to a common entry
point and who in good faith participates in an investigation of alleged maltreatment is immune
from civil or criminal liability that otherwise might result from making the report, or from failure
to comply with the reporting obligation or from participating in the investigation.
(d) The identity of any reporter may not be disclosed, except as provided in subdivision 12b.
    Subd. 6. Falsified reports. A person or facility who intentionally makes a false report under
the provisions of this section shall be liable in a civil suit for any actual damages suffered by the
reported facility, person or persons and for punitive damages up to $10,000 and attorney's fees.
    Subd. 7. Failure to report. A mandated reporter who negligently or intentionally fails to
report is liable for damages caused by the failure. Nothing in this subdivision imposes vicarious
liability for the acts or omissions of others.
    Subd. 8. Evidence not privileged. No evidence regarding the maltreatment of the vulnerable
adult shall be excluded in any proceeding arising out of the alleged maltreatment on the grounds
of lack of competency under section 595.02.
    Subd. 9. Common entry point designation. (a) Each county board shall designate a
common entry point for reports of suspected maltreatment. Two or more county boards may
jointly designate a single common entry point.
The common entry point is the unit responsible for receiving the report of suspected
maltreatment under this section.
(b) The common entry point must be available 24 hours per day to take calls from reporters
of suspected maltreatment.
The common entry point shall use a standard intake form that includes:
(1) the time and date of the report;
(2) the name, address, and telephone number of the person reporting;
(3) the time, date, and location of the incident;
(4) the names of the persons involved, including but not limited to, perpetrators, alleged
victims, and witnesses;
(5) whether there was a risk of imminent danger to the alleged victim;
(6) a description of the suspected maltreatment;
(7) the disability, if any, of the alleged victim;
(8) the relationship of the alleged perpetrator to the alleged victim;
(9) whether a facility was involved and, if so, which agency licenses the facility;
(10) any action taken by the common entry point;
(11) whether law enforcement has been notified;
(12) whether the reporter wishes to receive notification of the initial and final reports; and
(13) if the report is from a facility with an internal reporting procedure, the name, mailing
address, and telephone number of the person who initiated the report internally.
(c) The common entry point is not required to complete each item on the form prior to
dispatching the report to the appropriate investigative agency.
(d) The common entry point shall immediately report to a law enforcement agency any
incident in which there is reason to believe a crime has been committed.
(e) If a report is initially made to a law enforcement agency or a lead agency, those agencies
shall take the report on the appropriate common entry point intake forms and immediately forward
a copy to the common entry point.
(f) The common entry point staff must receive training on how to screen and dispatch reports
efficiently and in accordance with this section.
(g) When a centralized database is available, the common entry point has access to the
centralized database and must log the reports in on the database.
    Subd. 9a. Evaluation and referral of reports made to a common entry point unit. The
common entry point must screen the reports of alleged or suspected maltreatment for immediate
risk and make all necessary referrals as follows:
(1) if the common entry point determines that there is an immediate need for adult protective
services, the common entry point agency shall immediately notify the appropriate county agency;
(2) if the report contains suspected criminal activity against a vulnerable adult, the common
entry point shall immediately notify the appropriate law enforcement agency;
(3) if the report references alleged or suspected maltreatment and there is no immediate need
for adult protective services, the common entry point shall notify the appropriate lead agency as
soon as possible, but in any event no longer than two working days;
(4) if the report does not reference alleged or suspected maltreatment, the common entry
point may determine whether the information will be referred; and
(5) if the report contains information about a suspicious death, the common entry point shall
immediately notify the appropriate law enforcement agencies, the local medical examiner, and the
ombudsman established under section 245.92. Law enforcement agencies shall coordinate with
the local medical examiner and the ombudsman as provided by law.
    Subd. 9b. Response to reports. Law enforcement is the primary agency to conduct
investigations of any incident in which there is reason to believe a crime has been committed.
Law enforcement shall initiate a response immediately. If the common entry point notified a
county agency for adult protective services, law enforcement shall cooperate with that county
agency when both agencies are involved and shall exchange data to the extent authorized in
subdivision 12b, paragraph (g). County adult protection shall initiate a response immediately.
Each lead agency shall complete the investigative process for reports within its jurisdiction. Any
other lead agency, county, adult protective agency, licensed facility, or law enforcement agency
shall cooperate and may assist another agency upon request within the limits of its resources and
expertise and shall exchange data to the extent authorized in subdivision 12b, paragraph (g).
The lead agency shall obtain the results of any investigation conducted by law enforcement
officials. The lead agency has the right to enter facilities and inspect and copy records as part of
investigations. The lead agency has access to not public data, as defined in section 13.02, and
medical records under section 144.335, that are maintained by facilities to the extent necessary
to conduct its investigation. Each lead agency shall develop guidelines for prioritizing reports
for investigation.
    Subd. 9c. Lead agency; notifications, dispositions, and determinations. (a) Upon request
of the reporter, the lead agency shall notify the reporter that it has received the report, and provide
information on the initial disposition of the report within five business days of receipt of the report,
provided that the notification will not endanger the vulnerable adult or hamper the investigation.
(b) Upon conclusion of every investigation it conducts, the lead agency shall make a final
disposition as defined in section 626.5572, subdivision 8.
(c) When determining whether the facility or individual is the responsible party for
substantiated maltreatment, the lead agency shall consider at least the following mitigating factors:
(1) whether the actions of the facility or the individual caregivers were in accordance with,
and followed the terms of, an erroneous physician order, prescription, resident care plan, or
directive. This is not a mitigating factor when the facility or caregiver is responsible for the
issuance of the erroneous order, prescription, plan, or directive or knows or should have known of
the errors and took no reasonable measures to correct the defect before administering care;
(2) the comparative responsibility between the facility, other caregivers, and requirements
placed upon the employee, including but not limited to, the facility's compliance with related
regulatory standards and factors such as the adequacy of facility policies and procedures, the
adequacy of facility training, the adequacy of an individual's participation in the training, the
adequacy of caregiver supervision, the adequacy of facility staffing levels, and a consideration of
the scope of the individual employee's authority; and
(3) whether the facility or individual followed professional standards in exercising
professional judgment.
(d) The lead agency shall complete its final disposition within 60 calendar days. If the lead
agency is unable to complete its final disposition within 60 calendar days, the lead agency shall
notify the following persons provided that the notification will not endanger the vulnerable adult
or hamper the investigation: (1) the vulnerable adult or the vulnerable adult's legal guardian, when
known, if the lead agency knows them to be aware of the investigation and (2) the facility, where
applicable. The notice shall contain the reason for the delay and the projected completion date. If
the lead agency is unable to complete its final disposition by a subsequent projected completion
date, the lead agency shall again notify the vulnerable adult or the vulnerable adult's legal
guardian, when known if the lead agency knows them to be aware of the investigation, and the
facility, where applicable, of the reason for the delay and the revised projected completion date
provided that the notification will not endanger the vulnerable adult or hamper the investigation.
A lead agency's inability to complete the final disposition within 60 calendar days or by any
projected completion date does not invalidate the final disposition.
(e) Within ten calendar days of completing the final disposition, the lead agency shall provide
a copy of the public investigation memorandum under subdivision 12b, paragraph (b), clause (1),
when required to be completed under this section, to the following persons: (1) the vulnerable
adult, or the vulnerable adult's legal guardian, if known unless the lead agency knows that the
notification would endanger the well-being of the vulnerable adult; (2) the reporter, if the reporter
requested notification when making the report, provided this notification would not endanger the
well-being of the vulnerable adult; (3) the alleged perpetrator, if known; (4) the facility; and (5)
the ombudsman for older Minnesotans, or the ombudsman for mental health and developmental
disabilities, as appropriate.
(f) The lead agency shall notify the vulnerable adult who is the subject of the report or
the vulnerable adult's legal guardian, if known, and any person or facility determined to have
maltreated a vulnerable adult, of their appeal or review rights under this section or section 256.021.
(g) The lead agency shall routinely provide investigation memoranda for substantiated
reports to the appropriate licensing boards. These reports must include the names of substantiated
perpetrators. The lead agency may not provide investigative memoranda for inconclusive or false
reports to the appropriate licensing boards unless the lead agency's investigation gives reason
to believe that there may have been a violation of the applicable professional practice laws. If
the investigation memorandum is provided to a licensing board, the subject of the investigation
memorandum shall be notified and receive a summary of the investigative findings.
(h) In order to avoid duplication, licensing boards shall consider the findings of the lead
agency in their investigations if they choose to investigate. This does not preclude licensing
boards from considering other information.
(i) The lead agency must provide to the commissioner of human services its final dispositions,
including the names of all substantiated perpetrators. The commissioner of human services shall
establish records to retain the names of substantiated perpetrators.
    Subd. 9d. Administrative reconsideration of final disposition of maltreatment and
disqualification based on serious or recurring maltreatment; review panel. (a) Except as
provided under paragraph (e), any individual or facility which a lead agency determines has
maltreated a vulnerable adult, or the vulnerable adult or an interested person acting on behalf
of the vulnerable adult, regardless of the lead agency's determination, who contests the lead
agency's final disposition of an allegation of maltreatment, may request the lead agency to
reconsider its final disposition. The request for reconsideration must be submitted in writing to the
lead agency within 15 calendar days after receipt of notice of final disposition or, if the request
is made by an interested person who is not entitled to notice, within 15 days after receipt of the
notice by the vulnerable adult or the vulnerable adult's legal guardian. If mailed, the request for
reconsideration must be postmarked and sent to the lead agency within 15 calendar days of
the individual's or facility's receipt of the final disposition. If the request for reconsideration is
made by personal service, it must be received by the lead agency within 15 calendar days of the
individual's or facility's receipt of the final disposition. An individual who was determined to have
maltreated a vulnerable adult under this section and who was disqualified on the basis of serious
or recurring maltreatment under sections 245C.14 and 245C.15, may request reconsideration of
the maltreatment determination and the disqualification. The request for reconsideration of the
maltreatment determination and the disqualification must be submitted in writing within 30
calendar days of the individual's receipt of the notice of disqualification under sections 245C.16
and 245C.17. If mailed, the request for reconsideration of the maltreatment determination and the
disqualification must be postmarked and sent to the lead agency within 30 calendar days of the
individual's receipt of the notice of disqualification. If the request for reconsideration is made
by personal service, it must be received by the lead agency within 30 calendar days after the
individual's receipt of the notice of disqualification.
(b) Except as provided under paragraphs (e) and (f), if the lead agency denies the request or
fails to act upon the request within 15 working days after receiving the request for reconsideration,
the person or facility entitled to a fair hearing under section 256.045, may submit to the
commissioner of human services a written request for a hearing under that statute. The vulnerable
adult, or an interested person acting on behalf of the vulnerable adult, may request a review by the
Vulnerable Adult Maltreatment Review Panel under section 256.021 if the lead agency denies the
request or fails to act upon the request, or if the vulnerable adult or interested person contests a
reconsidered disposition. The lead agency shall notify persons who request reconsideration of
their rights under this paragraph. The request must be submitted in writing to the review panel and
a copy sent to the lead agency within 30 calendar days of receipt of notice of a denial of a request
for reconsideration or of a reconsidered disposition. The request must specifically identify the
aspects of the agency determination with which the person is dissatisfied.
(c) If, as a result of a reconsideration or review, the lead agency changes the final disposition,
it shall notify the parties specified in subdivision 9c, paragraph (d).
(d) For purposes of this subdivision, "interested person acting on behalf of the vulnerable
adult" means a person designated in writing by the vulnerable adult to act on behalf of the
vulnerable adult, or a legal guardian or conservator or other legal representative, a proxy or
health care agent appointed under chapter 145B or 145C, or an individual who is related to the
vulnerable adult, as defined in section 245A.02, subdivision 13.
(e) If an individual was disqualified under sections 245C.14 and 245C.15, on the basis of a
determination of maltreatment, which was serious or recurring, and the individual has requested
reconsideration of the maltreatment determination under paragraph (a) and reconsideration of
the disqualification under sections 245C.21 to 245C.27, reconsideration of the maltreatment
determination and requested reconsideration of the disqualification shall be consolidated into a
single reconsideration. If reconsideration of the maltreatment determination is denied or if the
disqualification is not set aside under sections 245C.21 to 245C.27, the individual may request a
fair hearing under section 256.045. If an individual requests a fair hearing on the maltreatment
determination and the disqualification, the scope of the fair hearing shall include both the
maltreatment determination and the disqualification.
(f) If a maltreatment determination or a disqualification based on serious or recurring
maltreatment is the basis for a denial of a license under section 245A.05 or a licensing sanction
under section 245A.07, the license holder has the right to a contested case hearing under
chapter 14 and Minnesota Rules, parts 1400.8505 to 1400.8612. As provided for under section
245A.08, the scope of the contested case hearing shall include the maltreatment determination,
disqualification, and licensing sanction or denial of a license. In such cases, a fair hearing shall
not be conducted under paragraph (b). When a fine is based on a determination that the license
holder is responsible for maltreatment and the fine is issued at the same time as the maltreatment
determination, if the license holder appeals the maltreatment and fine, reconsideration of the
maltreatment determination shall not be conducted under this section. If the disqualified subject is
an individual other than the license holder and upon whom a background study must be conducted
under chapter 245C, the hearings of all parties may be consolidated into a single contested case
hearing upon consent of all parties and the administrative law judge.
(g) Until August 1, 2002, an individual or facility that was determined by the commissioner
of human services or the commissioner of health to be responsible for neglect under section
626.5572, subdivision 17, after October 1, 1995, and before August 1, 2001, that believes that the
finding of neglect does not meet an amended definition of neglect may request a reconsideration
of the determination of neglect. The commissioner of human services or the commissioner of
health shall mail a notice to the last known address of individuals who are eligible to seek this
reconsideration. The request for reconsideration must state how the established findings no longer
meet the elements of the definition of neglect. The commissioner shall review the request for
reconsideration and make a determination within 15 calendar days. The commissioner's decision
on this reconsideration is the final agency action.
(1) For purposes of compliance with the data destruction schedule under subdivision 12b,
paragraph (d), when a finding of substantiated maltreatment has been changed as a result
of a reconsideration under this paragraph, the date of the original finding of a substantiated
maltreatment must be used to calculate the destruction date.
(2) For purposes of any background studies under chapter 245C, when a determination
of substantiated maltreatment has been changed as a result of a reconsideration under this
paragraph, any prior disqualification of the individual under chapter 245C that was based on this
determination of maltreatment shall be rescinded, and for future background studies under chapter
245C the commissioner must not use the previous determination of substantiated maltreatment as
a basis for disqualification or as a basis for referring the individual's maltreatment history to a
health-related licensing board under section 245C.31.
    Subd. 9e. Education requirements. (a) The commissioners of health, human services, and
public safety shall cooperate in the development of a joint program for education of lead agency
investigators in the appropriate techniques for investigation of complaints of maltreatment. This
program must be developed by July 1, 1996. The program must include but need not be limited to
the following areas: (1) information collection and preservation; (2) analysis of facts; (3) levels
of evidence; (4) conclusions based on evidence; (5) interviewing skills, including specialized
training to interview people with unique needs; (6) report writing; (7) coordination and referral
to other necessary agencies such as law enforcement and judicial agencies; (8) human relations
and cultural diversity; (9) the dynamics of adult abuse and neglect within family systems and the
appropriate methods for interviewing relatives in the course of the assessment or investigation;
(10) the protective social services that are available to protect alleged victims from further
abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation; (11) the methods by which lead agency investigators
and law enforcement workers cooperate in conducting assessments and investigations in order to
avoid duplication of efforts; and (12) data practices laws and procedures, including provisions
for sharing data.
(b) The commissioners of health, human services, and public safety shall offer at least annual
education to others on the requirements of this section, on how this section is implemented,
and investigation techniques.
(c) The commissioner of human services, in coordination with the commissioner of public
safety shall provide training for the common entry point staff as required in this subdivision and
the program courses described in this subdivision, at least four times per year. At a minimum, the
training shall be held twice annually in the seven-county metropolitan area and twice annually
outside the seven-county metropolitan area. The commissioners shall give priority in the program
areas cited in paragraph (a) to persons currently performing assessments and investigations
pursuant to this section.
(d) The commissioner of public safety shall notify in writing law enforcement personnel
of any new requirements under this section. The commissioner of public safety shall conduct
regional training for law enforcement personnel regarding their responsibility under this section.
(e) Each lead agency investigator must complete the education program specified by this
subdivision within the first 12 months of work as a lead agency investigator.
A lead agency investigator employed when these requirements take effect must complete the
program within the first year after training is available or as soon as training is available.
All lead agency investigators having responsibility for investigation duties under this section
must receive a minimum of eight hours of continuing education or in-service training each year
specific to their duties under this section.
    Subd. 10. Duties of county social service agency. (a) Upon receipt of a report from
the common entry point staff, the county social service agency shall immediately assess and
offer emergency and continuing protective social services for purposes of preventing further
maltreatment and for safeguarding the welfare of the maltreated vulnerable adult. In cases of
suspected sexual abuse, the county social service agency shall immediately arrange for and make
available to the vulnerable adult appropriate medical examination and treatment. When necessary
in order to protect the vulnerable adult from further harm, the county social service agency
shall seek authority to remove the vulnerable adult from the situation in which the maltreatment
occurred. The county social service agency may also investigate to determine whether the
conditions which resulted in the reported maltreatment place other vulnerable adults in jeopardy
of being maltreated and offer protective social services that are called for by its determination.
(b) County social service agencies may enter facilities and inspect and copy records as part
of an investigation. The county social service agency has access to not public data, as defined in
section 13.02, and medical records under section 144.335, that are maintained by facilities to the
extent necessary to conduct its investigation. The inquiry is not limited to the written records of
the facility, but may include every other available source of information.
(c) When necessary in order to protect a vulnerable adult from serious harm, the county
social service agency shall immediately intervene on behalf of that adult to help the family,
vulnerable adult, or other interested person by seeking any of the following:
(1) a restraining order or a court order for removal of the perpetrator from the residence of
the vulnerable adult pursuant to section 518B.01;
(2) the appointment of a guardian or conservator pursuant to sections 524.5-101 to 524.5-502,
or guardianship or conservatorship pursuant to chapter 252A;
(3) replacement of a guardian or conservator suspected of maltreatment and appointment of a
suitable person as guardian or conservator, pursuant to sections 524.5-101 to 524.5-502; or
(4) a referral to the prosecuting attorney for possible criminal prosecution of the perpetrator
under chapter 609.
The expenses of legal intervention must be paid by the county in the case of indigent persons,
under section 524.5-502 and chapter 563.
In proceedings under sections 524.5-101 to 524.5-502, if a suitable relative or other person is
not available to petition for guardianship or conservatorship, a county employee shall present
the petition with representation by the county attorney. The county shall contract with or arrange
for a suitable person or organization to provide ongoing guardianship services. If the county
presents evidence to the court exercising probate jurisdiction that it has made a diligent effort and
no other suitable person can be found, a county employee may serve as guardian or conservator.
The county shall not retaliate against the employee for any action taken on behalf of the ward
or protected person even if the action is adverse to the county's interest. Any person retaliated
against in violation of this subdivision shall have a cause of action against the county and shall be
entitled to reasonable attorney fees and costs of the action if the action is upheld by the court.
    Subd. 10a.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 11.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 11a.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 12.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 12a.[Repealed, 1983 c 273 s 8]
    Subd. 12b. Data management. (a) County data. In performing any of the duties of this
section as a lead agency, the county social service agency shall maintain appropriate records. Data
collected by the county social service agency under this section are welfare data under section
13.46. Notwithstanding section 13.46, subdivision 1, paragraph (a), data under this paragraph that
are inactive investigative data on an individual who is a vendor of services are private data on
individuals, as defined in section 13.02. The identity of the reporter may only be disclosed as
provided in paragraph (c).
Data maintained by the common entry point are confidential data on individuals or protected
nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02. Notwithstanding section 138.163, the common entry
point shall destroy data three calendar years after date of receipt.
(b) Lead agency data. The commissioners of health and human services shall prepare an
investigation memorandum for each report alleging maltreatment investigated under this section.
County social service agencies must maintain private data on individuals but are not required to
prepare an investigation memorandum. During an investigation by the commissioner of health
or the commissioner of human services, data collected under this section are confidential data
on individuals or protected nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02. Upon completion of the
investigation, the data are classified as provided in clauses (1) to (3) and paragraph (c).
(1) The investigation memorandum must contain the following data, which are public:
(i) the name of the facility investigated;
(ii) a statement of the nature of the alleged maltreatment;
(iii) pertinent information obtained from medical or other records reviewed;
(iv) the identity of the investigator;
(v) a summary of the investigation's findings;
(vi) statement of whether the report was found to be substantiated, inconclusive, false, or
that no determination will be made;
(vii) a statement of any action taken by the facility;
(viii) a statement of any action taken by the lead agency; and
(ix) when a lead agency's determination has substantiated maltreatment, a statement
of whether an individual, individuals, or a facility were responsible for the substantiated
maltreatment, if known.
The investigation memorandum must be written in a manner which protects the identity of
the reporter and of the vulnerable adult and may not contain the names or, to the extent possible,
data on individuals or private data listed in clause (2).
(2) Data on individuals collected and maintained in the investigation memorandum are
private data, including:
(i) the name of the vulnerable adult;
(ii) the identity of the individual alleged to be the perpetrator;
(iii) the identity of the individual substantiated as the perpetrator; and
(iv) the identity of all individuals interviewed as part of the investigation.
(3) Other data on individuals maintained as part of an investigation under this section are
private data on individuals upon completion of the investigation.
(c) Identity of reporter. The subject of the report may compel disclosure of the name of the
reporter only with the consent of the reporter or upon a written finding by a court that the report
was false and there is evidence that the report was made in bad faith. This subdivision does not
alter disclosure responsibilities or obligations under the Rules of Criminal Procedure, except that
where the identity of the reporter is relevant to a criminal prosecution, the district court shall do an
in-camera review prior to determining whether to order disclosure of the identity of the reporter.
(d) Destruction of data. Notwithstanding section 138.163, data maintained under this
section by the commissioners of health and human services must be destroyed under the following
schedule:
(1) data from reports determined to be false, two years after the finding was made;
(2) data from reports determined to be inconclusive, four years after the finding was made;
(3) data from reports determined to be substantiated, seven years after the finding was
made; and
(4) data from reports which were not investigated by a lead agency and for which there is no
final disposition, two years from the date of the report.
(e) Summary of reports. The commissioners of health and human services shall each
annually report to the legislature and the governor on the number and type of reports of alleged
maltreatment involving licensed facilities reported under this section, the number of those
requiring investigation under this section, and the resolution of those investigations. The report
shall identify:
(1) whether and where backlogs of cases result in a failure to conform with statutory time
frames;
(2) where adequate coverage requires additional appropriations and staffing; and
(3) any other trends that affect the safety of vulnerable adults.
(f) Record retention policy. Each lead agency must have a record retention policy.
(g) Exchange of information. Lead agencies, prosecuting authorities, and law enforcement
agencies may exchange not public data, as defined in section 13.02, if the agency or authority
requesting the data determines that the data are pertinent and necessary to the requesting agency
in initiating, furthering, or completing an investigation under this section. Data collected under
this section must be made available to prosecuting authorities and law enforcement officials, local
county agencies, and licensing agencies investigating the alleged maltreatment under this section.
The lead agency shall exchange not public data with the vulnerable adult maltreatment review
panel established in section 256.021 if the data are pertinent and necessary for a review requested
under that section. Upon completion of the review, not public data received by the review panel
must be returned to the lead agency.
(h) Completion time. Each lead agency shall keep records of the length of time it takes to
complete its investigations.
(i) Notification of other affected parties. A lead agency may notify other affected parties
and their authorized representative if the agency has reason to believe maltreatment has occurred
and determines the information will safeguard the well-being of the affected parties or dispel
widespread rumor or unrest in the affected facility.
(j) Federal requirements. Under any notification provision of this section, where federal
law specifically prohibits the disclosure of patient identifying information, a lead agency may not
provide any notice unless the vulnerable adult has consented to disclosure in a manner which
conforms to federal requirements.
    Subd. 13.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 14. Abuse prevention plans. (a) Each facility, except home health agencies and
personal care attendant services providers, shall establish and enforce an ongoing written abuse
prevention plan. The plan shall contain an assessment of the physical plant, its environment, and
its population identifying factors which may encourage or permit abuse, and a statement of
specific measures to be taken to minimize the risk of abuse. The plan shall comply with any rules
governing the plan promulgated by the licensing agency.
(b) Each facility, including a home health care agency and personal care attendant services
providers, shall develop an individual abuse prevention plan for each vulnerable adult residing
there or receiving services from them. The plan shall contain an individualized assessment of: (1)
the person's susceptibility to abuse by other individuals, including other vulnerable adults; (2) the
person's risk of abusing other vulnerable adults; and (3) statements of the specific measures to be
taken to minimize the risk of abuse to that person and other vulnerable adults. For the purposes of
this paragraph, the term "abuse" includes self-abuse.
(c) If the facility, except home health agencies and personal care attendant services providers,
knows that the vulnerable adult has committed a violent crime or an act of physical aggression
toward others, the individual abuse prevention plan must detail the measures to be taken to
minimize the risk that the vulnerable adult might reasonably be expected to pose to visitors to
the facility and persons outside the facility, if unsupervised. Under this section, a facility knows
of a vulnerable adult's history of criminal misconduct or physical aggression if it receives such
information from a law enforcement authority or through a medical record prepared by another
facility, another health care provider, or the facility's ongoing assessments of the vulnerable adult.
    Subd. 15.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
    Subd. 16. Implementation authority. (a) By September 1, 1995, the attorney general and
the commissioners of health and human services, in coordination with representatives of other
entities that receive or investigate maltreatment reports, shall develop the common report form
described in subdivision 9. The form may be used by mandated reporters, county social service
agencies, law enforcement entities, licensing agencies, or ombudsman offices.
(b) The commissioners of health and human services shall as soon as possible promulgate
rules necessary to implement the requirements of this section.
(c) By December 31, 1995, the commissioners of health, human services, and public safety
shall develop criteria for the design of a statewide database utilizing data collected on the common
intake form of the common entry point. The statewide database must be accessible to all entities
required to conduct investigations under this section, and must be accessible to ombudsman and
advocacy programs.
(d) By September 1, 1995, each lead agency shall develop the guidelines required in
subdivision 9b.
    Subd. 17. Retaliation prohibited. (a) A facility or person shall not retaliate against any
person who reports in good faith suspected maltreatment pursuant to this section, or against a
vulnerable adult with respect to whom a report is made, because of the report.
(b) In addition to any remedies allowed under sections 181.931 to 181.935, any facility or
person which retaliates against any person because of a report of suspected maltreatment is liable
to that person for actual damages, punitive damages up to $10,000, and attorney's fees.
(c) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any adverse action, as defined below, within
90 days of a report, is retaliatory. For purposes of this clause, the term "adverse action" refers
to action taken by a facility or person involved in a report against the person making the report
or the person with respect to whom the report was made because of the report, and includes,
but is not limited to:
(1) discharge or transfer from the facility;
(2) discharge from or termination of employment;
(3) demotion or reduction in remuneration for services;
(4) restriction or prohibition of access to the facility or its residents; or
(5) any restriction of rights set forth in section 144.651.
    Subd. 18. Outreach. The commissioner of human services shall maintain an aggressive
program to educate those required to report, as well as the general public, about the requirements
of this section using a variety of media. The commissioner of human services shall print and make
available the form developed under subdivision 9.
    Subd. 19.[Repealed, 1995 c 229 art 1 s 24]
History: 1980 c 542 s 1; 1981 c 311 s 39; 1982 c 393 s 3,4; 1982 c 424 s 130; 1982 c 545 s
24; 1982 c 636 s 5,6; 1983 c 273 s 1-7; 1984 c 640 s 32; 1984 c 654 art 5 s 58; 1985 c 150 s 1-6;
1985 c 293 s 6,7; 1Sp1985 c 14 art 9 s 75; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 110 s 3; 1987 c 211 s 2; 1987 c
352 s 11; 1987 c 378 s 17; 1987 c 384 art 2 s 1; 1988 c 543 s 13; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 1; 1991 c
181 s 2; 1994 c 483 s 1; 1994 c 636 art 2 s 60-62; 1Sp1994 c 1 art 2 s 34; 1995 c 189 s 8; 1995
c 229 art 1 s 1-21; 1996 c 277 s 1; 1996 c 305 art 2 s 66; 2000 c 465 s 3-5; 1Sp2001 c 9 art 5
s 31; art 14 s 30,31; 2002 c 289 s 4; 2002 c 375 art 1 s 22,23; 2002 c 379 art 1 s 113; 2003 c
15 art 1 s 33; 2004 c 146 art 3 s 45; 2004 c 288 art 1 s 80; 2005 c 56 s 1; 2005 c 98 art 2 s 17;
2005 c 136 art 5 s 5; 1Sp2005 c 4 art 1 s 55,56; 2006 c 253 s 21
626.5571 MULTIDISCIPLINARY ADULT PROTECTION TEAM.
    Subdivision 1. Establishment of team. A county may establish a multidisciplinary adult
protection team comprised of the director of the local welfare agency or designees, the county
attorney or designees, the county sheriff or designees, and representatives of health care. In
addition, representatives of mental health or other appropriate human service agencies and adult
advocate groups may be added to the adult protection team.
    Subd. 2. Duties of team. A multidisciplinary adult protection team may provide public and
professional education, develop resources for prevention, intervention, and treatment, and provide
case consultation to the local welfare agency to better enable the agency to carry out its adult
protection functions under section 626.557 and to meet the community's needs for adult protection
services. Case consultation may be performed by a committee of the team composed of the team
members representing social services, law enforcement, the county attorney, health care, and
persons directly involved in an individual case as determined by the case consultation committee.
Case consultation is a case review process that results in recommendations about services to be
provided to the identified adult and family.
    Subd. 3. Information sharing. The local welfare agency may make available to members
of the team for case consultation all records collected and maintained by the agency under
section 626.557 and in connection with case consultation. Any member of the case consultation
committee may share data, acquired in the member's professional capacity, with the committee
to assist the committee in its function. Members prohibited from disclosing patient identifying
information because of federal or state law shall seek consent from each patient or resident,
or a guardian, conservator or legal representative, for the disclosure of appropriate data to the
case consultation committee.
History: 1988 c 575 s 1; 2005 c 98 art 3 s 23
626.5572 DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Scope. For the purpose of section 626.557, the following terms have the
meanings given them, unless otherwise specified.
    Subd. 2. Abuse. "Abuse" means:
(a) An act against a vulnerable adult that constitutes a violation of, an attempt to violate, or
aiding and abetting a violation of:
(1) assault in the first through fifth degrees as defined in sections 609.221 to 609.224;
(2) the use of drugs to injure or facilitate crime as defined in section 609.235;
(3) the solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution as defined in section 609.322;
and
(4) criminal sexual conduct in the first through fifth degrees as defined in sections 609.342 to
609.3451.
A violation includes any action that meets the elements of the crime, regardless of whether
there is a criminal proceeding or conviction.
(b) Conduct which is not an accident or therapeutic conduct as defined in this section, which
produces or could reasonably be expected to produce physical pain or injury or emotional distress
including, but not limited to, the following:
(1) hitting, slapping, kicking, pinching, biting, or corporal punishment of a vulnerable adult;
(2) use of repeated or malicious oral, written, or gestured language toward a vulnerable adult
or the treatment of a vulnerable adult which would be considered by a reasonable person to be
disparaging, derogatory, humiliating, harassing, or threatening;
(3) use of any aversive or deprivation procedure, unreasonable confinement, or involuntary
seclusion, including the forced separation of the vulnerable adult from other persons against the
will of the vulnerable adult or the legal representative of the vulnerable adult; and
(4) use of any aversive or deprivation procedures for persons with developmental disabilities
or related conditions not authorized under section 245.825.
(c) Any sexual contact or penetration as defined in section 609.341, between a facility staff
person or a person providing services in the facility and a resident, patient, or client of that facility.
(d) The act of forcing, compelling, coercing, or enticing a vulnerable adult against the
vulnerable adult's will to perform services for the advantage of another.
(e) For purposes of this section, a vulnerable adult is not abused for the sole reason that the
vulnerable adult or a person with authority to make health care decisions for the vulnerable adult
under sections 144.651, 144A.44, chapter 145B, 145C or 252A, or section 253B.03 or 524.5-313,
refuses consent or withdraws consent, consistent with that authority and within the boundary of
reasonable medical practice, to any therapeutic conduct, including any care, service, or procedure
to diagnose, maintain, or treat the physical or mental condition of the vulnerable adult or, where
permitted under law, to provide nutrition and hydration parenterally or through intubation. This
paragraph does not enlarge or diminish rights otherwise held under law by:
(1) a vulnerable adult or a person acting on behalf of a vulnerable adult, including an
involved family member, to consent to or refuse consent for therapeutic conduct; or
(2) a caregiver to offer or provide or refuse to offer or provide therapeutic conduct.
(f) For purposes of this section, a vulnerable adult is not abused for the sole reason that the
vulnerable adult, a person with authority to make health care decisions for the vulnerable adult,
or a caregiver in good faith selects and depends upon spiritual means or prayer for treatment or
care of disease or remedial care of the vulnerable adult in lieu of medical care, provided that
this is consistent with the prior practice or belief of the vulnerable adult or with the expressed
intentions of the vulnerable adult.
(g) For purposes of this section, a vulnerable adult is not abused for the sole reason that the
vulnerable adult, who is not impaired in judgment or capacity by mental or emotional dysfunction
or undue influence, engages in consensual sexual contact with:
(1) a person, including a facility staff person, when a consensual sexual personal relationship
existed prior to the caregiving relationship; or
(2) a personal care attendant, regardless of whether the consensual sexual personal
relationship existed prior to the caregiving relationship.
    Subd. 3. Accident. "Accident" means a sudden, unforeseen, and unexpected occurrence
or event which:
(1) is not likely to occur and which could not have been prevented by exercise of due care; and
(2) if occurring while a vulnerable adult is receiving services from a facility, happens when
the facility and the employee or person providing services in the facility are in compliance with
the laws and rules relevant to the occurrence or event.
    Subd. 4. Caregiver. "Caregiver" means an individual or facility who has responsibility for the
care of a vulnerable adult as a result of a family relationship, or who has assumed responsibility
for all or a portion of the care of a vulnerable adult voluntarily, by contract, or by agreement.
    Subd. 5. Common entry point. "Common entry point" means the entity designated by each
county responsible for receiving reports under section 626.557.
    Subd. 6. Facility. (a) "Facility" means a hospital or other entity required to be licensed
under sections 144.50 to 144.58; a nursing home required to be licensed to serve adults under
section 144A.02; a residential or nonresidential facility required to be licensed to serve adults
under sections 245A.01 to 245A.16; a home care provider licensed or required to be licensed
under section 144A.46; a hospice provider licensed under sections 144A.75 to 144A.755; or a
person or organization that exclusively offers, provides, or arranges for personal care assistant
services under the medical assistance program as authorized under sections 256B.04, subdivision
16
, 256B.0625, subdivision 19a, 256B.0651, and 256B.0653 to 256B.0656.
(b) For home care providers and personal care attendants, the term "facility" refers to the
provider or person or organization that exclusively offers, provides, or arranges for personal care
services, and does not refer to the client's home or other location at which services are rendered.
    Subd. 7. False. "False" means a preponderance of the evidence shows that an act that meets
the definition of maltreatment did not occur.
    Subd. 8. Final disposition. "Final disposition" is the determination of an investigation by
a lead agency that a report of maltreatment under Laws 1995, chapter 229, is substantiated,
inconclusive, false, or that no determination will be made. When a lead agency determination
has substantiated maltreatment, the final disposition also identifies, if known, which individual
or individuals were responsible for the substantiated maltreatment, and whether a facility was
responsible for the substantiated maltreatment.
    Subd. 9. Financial exploitation. "Financial exploitation" means:
(a) In breach of a fiduciary obligation recognized elsewhere in law, including pertinent
regulations, contractual obligations, documented consent by a competent person, or the
obligations of a responsible party under section 144.6501, a person:
(1) engages in unauthorized expenditure of funds entrusted to the actor by the vulnerable
adult which results or is likely to result in detriment to the vulnerable adult; or
(2) fails to use the financial resources of the vulnerable adult to provide food, clothing,
shelter, health care, therapeutic conduct or supervision for the vulnerable adult, and the failure
results or is likely to result in detriment to the vulnerable adult.
(b) In the absence of legal authority a person:
(1) willfully uses, withholds, or disposes of funds or property of a vulnerable adult;
(2) obtains for the actor or another the performance of services by a third person for the
wrongful profit or advantage of the actor or another to the detriment of the vulnerable adult;
(3) acquires possession or control of, or an interest in, funds or property of a vulnerable adult
through the use of undue influence, harassment, duress, deception, or fraud; or
(4) forces, compels, coerces, or entices a vulnerable adult against the vulnerable adult's will
to perform services for the profit or advantage of another.
(c) Nothing in this definition requires a facility or caregiver to provide financial management
or supervise financial management for a vulnerable adult except as otherwise required by law.
    Subd. 10. Immediately. "Immediately" means as soon as possible, but no longer than 24
hours from the time initial knowledge that the incident occurred has been received.
    Subd. 11. Inconclusive. "Inconclusive" means there is less than a preponderance of evidence
to show that maltreatment did or did not occur.
    Subd. 12. Initial disposition. "Initial disposition" is the lead agency's determination of
whether the report will be assigned for further investigation.
    Subd. 13. Lead agency. "Lead agency" is the primary administrative agency responsible for
investigating reports made under section 626.557.
(a) The Department of Health is the lead agency for the facilities which are licensed or are
required to be licensed as hospitals, home care providers, nursing homes, residential care homes,
or boarding care homes.
(b) The Department of Human Services is the lead agency for the programs licensed
or required to be licensed as adult day care, adult foster care, programs for people with
developmental disabilities, mental health programs, chemical health programs, or personal care
provider organizations.
(c) The county social service agency or its designee is the lead agency for all other reports.
    Subd. 14. Legal authority. "Legal authority" includes, but is not limited to: (1) a fiduciary
obligation recognized elsewhere in law, including pertinent regulations; (2) a contractual
obligation; or (3) documented consent by a competent person.
    Subd. 15. Maltreatment. "Maltreatment" means abuse as defined in subdivision 2, neglect
as defined in subdivision 17, or financial exploitation as defined in subdivision 9.
    Subd. 16. Mandated reporter. "Mandated reporter" means a professional or professional's
delegate while engaged in: (1) social services; (2) law enforcement; (3) education; (4) the care
of vulnerable adults; (5) any of the occupations referred to in section 214.01, subdivision 2; (6)
an employee of a rehabilitation facility certified by the commissioner of jobs and training for
vocational rehabilitation; (7) an employee or person providing services in a facility as defined in
subdivision 6; or (8) a person that performs the duties of the medical examiner or coroner.
    Subd. 17. Neglect. "Neglect" means:
(a) The failure or omission by a caregiver to supply a vulnerable adult with care or services,
including but not limited to, food, clothing, shelter, health care, or supervision which is:
(1) reasonable and necessary to obtain or maintain the vulnerable adult's physical or mental
health or safety, considering the physical and mental capacity or dysfunction of the vulnerable
adult; and
(2) which is not the result of an accident or therapeutic conduct.
(b) The absence or likelihood of absence of care or services, including but not limited to,
food, clothing, shelter, health care, or supervision necessary to maintain the physical and mental
health of the vulnerable adult which a reasonable person would deem essential to obtain or
maintain the vulnerable adult's health, safety, or comfort considering the physical or mental
capacity or dysfunction of the vulnerable adult.
(c) For purposes of this section, a vulnerable adult is not neglected for the sole reason that:
(1) the vulnerable adult or a person with authority to make health care decisions for the
vulnerable adult under sections 144.651, 144A.44, chapter 145B, 145C, or 252A, or sections
253B.03 or 524.5-101 to 524.5-502, refuses consent or withdraws consent, consistent with that
authority and within the boundary of reasonable medical practice, to any therapeutic conduct,
including any care, service, or procedure to diagnose, maintain, or treat the physical or mental
condition of the vulnerable adult, or, where permitted under law, to provide nutrition and
hydration parenterally or through intubation; this paragraph does not enlarge or diminish rights
otherwise held under law by:
(i) a vulnerable adult or a person acting on behalf of a vulnerable adult, including an involved
family member, to consent to or refuse consent for therapeutic conduct; or
(ii) a caregiver to offer or provide or refuse to offer or provide therapeutic conduct; or
(2) the vulnerable adult, a person with authority to make health care decisions for the
vulnerable adult, or a caregiver in good faith selects and depends upon spiritual means or prayer
for treatment or care of disease or remedial care of the vulnerable adult in lieu of medical care,
provided that this is consistent with the prior practice or belief of the vulnerable adult or with the
expressed intentions of the vulnerable adult;
(3) the vulnerable adult, who is not impaired in judgment or capacity by mental or emotional
dysfunction or undue influence, engages in sexual contact with:
(i) a person including a facility staff person when a consensual sexual personal relationship
existed prior to the caregiving relationship; or
(ii) a personal care attendant, regardless of whether the consensual sexual personal
relationship existed prior to the caregiving relationship; or
(4) an individual makes an error in the provision of therapeutic conduct to a vulnerable adult
which does not result in injury or harm which reasonably requires medical or mental health care; or
(5) an individual makes an error in the provision of therapeutic conduct to a vulnerable adult
that results in injury or harm, which reasonably requires the care of a physician, and:
(i) the necessary care is provided in a timely fashion as dictated by the condition of the
vulnerable adult;
(ii) if after receiving care, the health status of the vulnerable adult can be reasonably
expected, as determined by the attending physician, to be restored to the vulnerable adult's
preexisting condition;
(iii) the error is not part of a pattern of errors by the individual;
(iv) if in a facility, the error is immediately reported as required under section 626.557, and
recorded internally in the facility;
(v) if in a facility, the facility identifies and takes corrective action and implements measures
designed to reduce the risk of further occurrence of this error and similar errors; and
(vi) if in a facility, the actions required under items (iv) and (v) are sufficiently documented
for review and evaluation by the facility and any applicable licensing, certification, and
ombudsman agency.
(d) Nothing in this definition requires a caregiver, if regulated, to provide services in excess
of those required by the caregiver's license, certification, registration, or other regulation.
(e) If the findings of an investigation by a lead agency result in a determination of
substantiated maltreatment for the sole reason that the actions required of a facility under
paragraph (c), clause (5), item (iv), (v), or (vi), were not taken, then the facility is subject to a
correction order. An individual will not be found to have neglected or maltreated the vulnerable
adult based solely on the facility's not having taken the actions required under paragraph (c),
clause (5), item (iv), (v), or (vi). This must not alter the lead agency's determination of mitigating
factors under section 626.557, subdivision 9c, paragraph (c).
    Subd. 18. Report. "Report" means a statement concerning all the circumstances surrounding
the alleged or suspected maltreatment, as defined in this section, of a vulnerable adult which are
known to the reporter at the time the statement is made.
    Subd. 19. Substantiated. "Substantiated" means a preponderance of the evidence shows
that an act that meets the definition of maltreatment occurred.
    Subd. 20. Therapeutic conduct. "Therapeutic conduct" means the provision of program
services, health care, or other personal care services done in good faith in the interests of the
vulnerable adult by: (1) an individual, facility, or employee or person providing services in a
facility under the rights, privileges and responsibilities conferred by state license, certification,
or registration; or (2) a caregiver.
    Subd. 21. Vulnerable adult. "Vulnerable adult" means any person 18 years of age or older
who:
(1) is a resident or inpatient of a facility;
(2) receives services at or from a facility required to be licensed to serve adults under
sections 245A.01 to 245A.15, except that a person receiving outpatient services for treatment
of chemical dependency or mental illness, or one who is committed as a sexual psychopathic
personality or as a sexually dangerous person under chapter 253B, is not considered a vulnerable
adult unless the person meets the requirements of clause (4);
(3) receives services from a home care provider required to be licensed under section
144A.46; or from a person or organization that exclusively offers, provides, or arranges for
personal care assistant services under the medical assistance program as authorized under
sections 256B.04, subdivision 16, 256B.0625, subdivision 19a, 256B.0651, and 256B.0653 to
256B.0656; or
(4) regardless of residence or whether any type of service is received, possesses a physical or
mental infirmity or other physical, mental, or emotional dysfunction:
(i) that impairs the individual's ability to provide adequately for the individual's own care
without assistance, including the provision of food, shelter, clothing, health care, or supervision;
and
(ii) because of the dysfunction or infirmity and the need for assistance, the individual has an
impaired ability to protect the individual from maltreatment.
History: 1995 c 229 art 1 s 22; 2000 c 319 s 3; 1Sp2001 c 9 art 14 s 32; 2002 c 252 s 23,24;
2002 c 379 art 1 s 113; 2004 c 146 art 3 s 46; 2006 c 212 art 3 s 41
626.5573 NEGLIGENCE ACTIONS.
A violation of sections 626.557 to 626.5572 shall be admissible as evidence of negligence,
but shall not be considered negligence per se.
History: 1995 c 229 art 1 s 23
626.558 MULTIDISCIPLINARY CHILD PROTECTION TEAM.
    Subdivision 1. Establishment of team. A county shall establish a multidisciplinary child
protection team that may include, but not be limited to, the director of the local welfare agency
or designees, the county attorney or designees, the county sheriff or designees, representatives
of health and education, representatives of mental health or other appropriate human service or
community-based agencies, and parent groups. As used in this section, a "community-based
agency" may include, but is not limited to, schools, social service agencies, family service and
mental health collaboratives, early childhood and family education programs, Head Start, or other
agencies serving children and families. A member of the team must be designated as the lead
person of the team responsible for the planning process to develop standards for its activities with
battered women's and domestic abuse programs and services.
    Subd. 2. Duties of team. A multidisciplinary child protection team may provide public and
professional education, develop resources for prevention, intervention, and treatment, and provide
case consultation to the local welfare agency or other interested community-based agencies.
The community-based agencies may request case consultation from the multidisciplinary child
protection team regarding a child or family for whom the community-based agency is providing
services. As used in this section, "case consultation" means a case review process in which
recommendations are made concerning services to be provided to the identified children and
family. Case consultation may be performed by a committee or subcommittee of members
representing human services, including mental health and chemical dependency; law enforcement,
including probation and parole; the county attorney; health care; education; community-based
agencies and other necessary agencies; and persons directly involved in an individual case as
designated by other members performing case consultation.
    Subd. 2a. Juvenile prostitution outreach program. A multidisciplinary child protection
team may assist the local welfare agency, local law enforcement agency, or an appropriate private
organization in developing a program of outreach services for juveniles who are engaging
in prostitution. For the purposes of this subdivision, at least one representative of a youth
intervention program or, where this type of program is unavailable, one representative of a
nonprofit agency serving youth in crisis, shall be appointed to and serve on the multidisciplinary
child protection team in addition to the standing members of the team. These services may
include counseling, medical care, short-term shelter, alternative living arrangements, and drop-in
centers. The county may finance these services by means of the penalty assessment authorized by
section 609.3241. A juvenile's receipt of intervention services under this subdivision may not be
conditioned upon the juvenile providing any evidence or testimony.
    Subd. 3. Information sharing. (a) The local welfare agency may make available to the case
consultation committee or subcommittee, all records collected and maintained by the agency
under section 626.556 and in connection with case consultation. A case consultation committee or
subcommittee member may share information acquired in the member's professional capacity
with the committee or subcommittee to assist in case consultation.
(b) Case consultation committee or subcommittee members must annually sign a data
sharing agreement, approved by the commissioner of human services, assuring compliance with
chapter 13. Not public data, as defined by section 13.02, subdivision 8a, may be shared with
members appointed to the committee or subcommittee in connection with an individual case when
the members have signed the data sharing agreement.
(c) All data acquired by the case consultation committee or subcommittee in exercising case
consultation duties, are confidential as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 3, and shall not be
disclosed except to the extent necessary to perform case consultation, and shall not be subject
to subpoena or discovery.
(d) No members of a case consultation committee or subcommittee meeting shall disclose
what transpired at a case consultation meeting, except to the extent necessary to carry out the case
consultation plan. The proceedings and records of the case consultation meeting are not subject
to discovery, and may not be introduced into evidence in any civil or criminal action against a
professional or local welfare agency arising out of the matter or matters which are the subject of
consideration of the case consultation meeting. Information, documents, or records otherwise
available from original sources are not immune from discovery or use in any civil or criminal
action merely because they were presented during a case consultation meeting. Any person who
presented information before the consultation committee or subcommittee or who is a member
shall not be prevented from testifying as to matters within the person's knowledge. However, in a
civil or criminal proceeding a person shall not be questioned about the person's presentation of
information before the case consultation committee or subcommittee or about opinions formed
as a result of the case consultation meetings.
A person who violates this subdivision is subject to the civil remedies and penalties provided
under chapter 13.
History: 1981 c 150 s 1; 1986 c 444; 1986 c 448 s 8; 1987 c 135 s 4-6; 1989 c 282 art 2 s
202; 1990 c 542 s 34; 1997 c 203 art 5 s 31,32; 1999 c 245 art 8 s 80; 2000 c 445 art 2 s 27
626.559 SPECIALIZED TRAINING AND EDUCATION REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Job classification; continuing education. The commissioner of human
services, for employees subject to the Minnesota Merit System, and directors of county
personnel systems, for counties not subject to the Minnesota Merit System, shall establish a
job classification consisting exclusively of persons with the specialized knowledge, skills, and
experience required to satisfactorily perform child protection duties pursuant to section 626.556,
subdivisions 10, 10a, and 10b
.
All child protection workers or social services staff having responsibility for child protective
duties under section 626.556 shall receive 15 hours of continuing education or in-service training
each year relevant to providing child protective services. The local social service agency shall
maintain a record of training completed by each employee having responsibility for performing
child protective duties.
    Subd. 1a. Child protection worker foundation education. Any individual who seeks
employment as a child protection worker after the commissioner of human services has
implemented the foundation training program developed under section 626.5591, subdivision 2,
must complete competency-based foundation training during their first six months of employment
as a child protection worker.
    Subd. 2. Joint training. The commissioners of human services and public safety shall
cooperate in the development of a joint program for training child abuse services professionals
in the appropriate techniques for child abuse assessment and investigation. The program shall
include but need not be limited to the following areas:
(1) the public policy goals of the state as set forth in section 260C.001 and the role of the
assessment or investigation in meeting these goals;
(2) the special duties of child protection workers and law enforcement officers under section
626.556;
(3) the appropriate methods for directing and managing affiliated professionals who may be
utilized in providing protective services and strengthening family ties;
(4) the appropriate methods for interviewing alleged victims of child abuse and other minors
in the course of performing an assessment or an investigation;
(5) the dynamics of child abuse and neglect within family systems and the appropriate
methods for interviewing parents in the course of the assessment or investigation, including
training in recognizing cases in which one of the parents is a victim of domestic abuse and in need
of special legal or medical services;
(6) the legal, evidentiary considerations that may be relevant to the conduct of an assessment
or an investigation;
(7) the circumstances under which it is appropriate to remove the alleged abuser or the
alleged victim from the home;
(8) the protective social services that are available to protect alleged victims from further
abuse, to prevent child abuse and domestic abuse, and to preserve the family unit, and training
in the preparation of case plans to coordinate services for the alleged child abuse victim with
services for any parents who are victims of domestic abuse;
(9) the methods by which child protection workers and law enforcement workers cooperate
in conducting assessments and investigations in order to avoid duplication of efforts; and
(10) appropriate methods for interviewing alleged victims of child abuse and conducting
investigations in cases where the alleged victim is developmentally, physically, or mentally
disabled.
    Subd. 3. Priority training. The commissioners of human services and public safety shall
provide the program courses described in subdivision 2 at convenient times and locations in the
state. The commissioners shall give training priority in the program areas cited in subdivision
2 to persons currently performing assessments and investigations pursuant to section 626.556,
subdivisions 10, 10a, and 10b
.
    Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1]
    Subd. 5. Revenue. The commissioner of human services shall add the following funds to the
funds appropriated under section 626.5591, subdivision 2, to develop and support training:
(a) The commissioner of human services shall submit claims for federal reimbursement
earned through the activities and services supported through Department of Human Services child
protection or child welfare training funds. Federal revenue earned must be used to improve and
expand training services by the department. The department expenditures eligible for federal
reimbursement under this section must not be made from federal funds or funds used to match
other federal funds.
(b) Each year, the commissioner of human services shall withhold from funds distributed to
each county under Minnesota Rules, parts 9550.0300 to 9550.0370, an amount equivalent to 1.5
percent of each county's annual title XX allocation under section 256M.50. The commissioner
must use these funds to ensure decentralization of training.
(c) The federal revenue under this subdivision is available for these purposes until the
funds are expended.
History: 1985 c 275 s 1; 1988 c 630 s 1; 1990 c 542 s 35; 1993 c 306 s 20,21; 1Sp1993 c
1 art 3 s 42; 1997 c 203 art 5 s 33; 1999 c 139 art 4 s 2; 1Sp2001 c 9 art 11 s 13; 2002 c 370
art 1 s 113; 1Sp2003 c 14 art 4 s 20
626.5591 CHILD PROTECTION WORKERS; TRAINING; ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms have the meanings
given unless the specific context indicates otherwise:
(a) "Child protection agency" means an agency authorized to receive reports, conduct
assessments and investigations, and make determinations pursuant to section 626.556, subdivision
10
.
(b) "Child protection services" means the receipt and assessment of reports of child
maltreatment and the provision of services to families and children when maltreatment has
occurred or when there is risk of maltreatment. These services include: (1) the assessment of risk
to a child alleged to have been abused or neglected; (2) interviews of any person alleged to
have abused or neglected a child and the child or children involved in the report, and interviews
with persons having facts or knowledge necessary to assess the level of risk to a child and the
need for protective intervention; (3) the gathering of written or evidentiary materials; (4) the
recording of case findings and determinations; and (5) other actions required by section 626.556,
administrative rule, or agency policy.
(c) "Competency-based training" means a course of instruction that provides both
information and skills practice, which is based upon clearly stated and measurable instructional
objectives, and which requires demonstration of the achievement of a particular standard of skills
and knowledge for satisfactory completion.
(d) "Foundation training" means training provided to a local child protection worker after
the person has begun to perform child protection duties, but before the expiration of six months
of employment as a child protection worker. This foundation training must occur during the
performance of job duties and must include an evaluation of the employee's application of skills
and knowledge.
(e) "Advanced training" means training provided to a local child protection worker after the
person has performed an initial six months of employment as a child protection worker.
    Subd. 2. Training program; development. The commissioner of human services shall
develop a program of competency-based foundation and advanced training for child protection
workers if funds are appropriated to the commissioner for this purpose.
History: 1988 c 630 s 2; 1993 c 306 s 22
626.5592 [Repealed, 1993 c 337 s 20]
626.5593 PEER REVIEW OF LOCAL AGENCY RESPONSE.
    Subdivision 1. Establishment. By January 1, 1991, the commissioner of human services
shall establish a pilot program for peer review of local agency responses to child maltreatment
reports made under section 626.556. The peer review program shall examine agency assessments
of maltreatment reports and delivery of child protection services in at least two counties. The
commissioner shall designate the local agencies to be reviewed, and shall appoint a peer review
panel composed of child protection workers, as defined in section 626.559, and law enforcement
personnel who are responsible for investigating reports of child maltreatment under section
626.556, subdivision 10, within the designated counties.
    Subd. 2. Duties. The peer review panel shall meet at least quarterly to review case files
representative of child maltreatment reports that were investigated or assessed by the local agency.
These cases shall be selected randomly from local welfare agency files by the commissioner.
Not public data, as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 8, may be shared with panel members
in connection with a case review.
The panel shall review each case for compliance with relevant laws, rules, agency policies,
appropriateness of agency actions, and case determinations. The panel shall issue a report to
the designated agencies after each meeting which includes findings regarding the agency's
compliance with relevant laws, rules, policies, case practice, and any recommendations to be
considered by the agency. The panel shall also issue a semiannual report concerning its activities.
This semiannual report shall be available to the public, but may not include any information
that is classified as not public data.
    Subd. 3. Report to legislature. By January 1, 1992, the commissioner shall report to the
legislature regarding the activities of the peer review panel, compliance findings, barriers to the
effective delivery of child protection services, and recommendations for the establishment of a
permanent peer review system for child protection services.
    Subd. 4. Funds. The commissioner may use funds allocated for child protection services,
training, and grants to pay administrative expenses associated with the peer review panel pilot
program created by this section.
History: 1989 c 282 art 2 s 203
626.56 [Renumbered 299C.30]
626.561 INTERVIEWS WITH CHILD ABUSE VICTIMS.
    Subdivision 1. Policy. It is the policy of this state to encourage adequate and accurate
documentation of the number and content of interviews conducted with alleged child abuse
victims during the course of a child abuse assessment, criminal investigation, or prosecution, and
to discourage interviews that are unnecessary, duplicative, or otherwise not in the best interests of
the child.
    Subd. 2. Definitions. As used in this section:
(a) "child abuse" means physical or sexual abuse as defined in section 626.556, subdivision 2;
(b) "government employee" means an employee of a state or local agency, and any person
acting as an agent of a state or local agency;
(c) "interview" means a statement of an alleged child abuse victim which is given or made to
a government employee during the course of a child abuse assessment, criminal investigation,
or prosecution; and
(d) "record" means an audio or videotape recording of an interview, or a written record
of an interview.
    Subd. 3. Record required. Whenever an interview is conducted, the interviewer must make
a record of the interview. The record must contain the following information:
(1) the date, time, place, and duration of the interview;
(2) the identity of the persons present at the interview; and
(3) if the record is in writing, a summary of the information obtained during the interview.
The records shall be maintained by the interviewer in accordance with applicable provisions
of section 626.556, subdivision 11 and chapter 13.
    Subd. 4. Guidelines on tape recording of interviews. Every county attorney's office shall be
responsible for developing written guidelines on the tape recording of interviews by government
employees who conduct child abuse assessments, criminal investigations, or prosecutions. The
guidelines are public data as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 14.
History: 1985 c 286 s 21
626.562 [Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 14 art 11 s 12]
626.563 [Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1]
626.57 [Renumbered 299C.31]
626.58 [Renumbered 299C.32]
626.59 [Renumbered 299C.33]
626.60 [Renumbered 299C.34]
626.61 [Renumbered 299C.35]
626.62 [Renumbered 299C.36]
    Subdivision 1.[Renumbered 299C.37, subdivision 1]
    Subd. 2.[Renumbered 299C.37, subd 2]
    Subd. 3.[Renumbered 299C.37, subd 3]
    Subd. 4.[Renumbered 299C.37, subd 4]
626.64 [Renumbered 299C.38]

UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT

626.65 UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT; RECIPROCAL.
Any member of a duly organized state, county, or municipal peace unit of another state of
the United States who enters this state in fresh pursuit, and continues within this state in such
fresh pursuit, of a person in order to arrest the person on the ground that the person is believed to
have committed a felony in such other state, shall have the same authority to arrest and hold such
person in custody, as has any member of any duly organized state, county, or municipal peace
unit of this state, to arrest and hold in custody a person on the ground that the person is believed
to have committed a felony in this state; provided, the rights extended by this section shall be
extended only to those states granting these same rights to peace officers of this state who may be
in fresh pursuit of suspected criminals in such reciprocating states.
History: (10547-1) 1939 c 64 s 1; 1986 c 444
626.66 ARREST; HEARING.
If an arrest is made in this state by an officer of another state in accordance with the
provisions of section 626.65, the officer shall, without unnecessary delay, take the person arrested
before a judge of the county in which the arrest was made. The judge shall conduct a hearing for
the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the arrest. If the judge determines that the arrest was
lawful, the judge shall commit the person arrested to await for a reasonable time the issuance
of an extradition warrant by the governor of this state, or admit the person arrested to bail for
such purpose. If the judge determines that the arrest was unlawful, the judge shall discharge
the person arrested.
History: (10547-2) 1939 c 64 s 2; 1983 c 359 s 119; 1986 c 444
626.67 CONSTRUCTION OF SECTION 626.65.
Section 626.65 shall not be construed so as to make unlawful any arrest in this state which
would otherwise be lawful.
History: (10547-3) 1939 c 64 s 3
626.68 STATE INCLUDES DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
For the purpose of sections 626.65 to 626.69, the word "state" includes the District of
Columbia.
History: (10547-4) 1939 c 64 s 4
626.69 FRESH PURSUIT.
The term "fresh pursuit," as used in sections 626.65 to 626.69, includes fresh pursuit as
defined by the common law, and also the pursuit of a person who has committed a felony or who
is reasonably suspected of having committed a felony. It shall also include the pursuit of a person
suspected of having committed a supposed felony, though no felony has actually been committed,
if there is reasonable ground for believing that a felony has been committed. Fresh pursuit, as
used therein, shall not necessarily imply instant pursuit, but pursuit without unreasonable delay.
History: (10547-5) 1939 c 64 s 5
626.70 CITATION, UNIFORM ACT ON FRESH PURSUIT.
Sections 626.65 to 626.70 may be cited as the Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit.
History: (10547-8) 1939 c 64 s 8
626.71 FRESH PURSUIT IN NONFELONY SITUATIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in this section:
(1) "Fresh pursuit" means fresh pursuit as defined by the common law and includes the
pursuit of a person who has committed or is reasonably believed to have committed a violation in
the presence of the peace officer. Fresh pursuit does not necessarily imply instant pursuit, but
pursuit without unreasonable delay;
(2) "Peace officer" means a member of a duly organized state, county, or municipal law
enforcement unit; and
(3) "Violation" includes gross misdemeanors, misdemeanors, and traffic violations.
    Subd. 2. Fresh pursuit authority. A peace officer of another state who enters this state
while on duty and in fresh pursuit, and who continues in fresh pursuit, of a person in order to
arrest the person for a violation committed in the peace officer's presence, has the same authority
to arrest and hold the person in custody as has any peace officer of this state if reciprocal fresh
pursuit authority for that type of violation is extended to Minnesota peace officers by the pursuing
officer's state.
History: 1990 c 449 s 2
626.72 PEACE OFFICERS; TRANSPORTATION FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT
PURPOSES.
A peace officer, as defined in section 609.487, subdivision 2, clause (2), who enters this
state to perform an assigned duty of transporting persons in legal custody for law enforcement
purposes has the same authority to transport persons in legal custody as any member of any duly
organized state, county, or municipal law enforcement unit of this state if a reciprocal right to
transport persons in legal custody is extended to Minnesota peace officers by the peace officer's
state or local jurisdiction.
History: 1990 c 449 s 3

PEACE OFFICER DAMAGE COMPENSATION

626.74 COMPENSATION FOR DAMAGE CAUSED BY PEACE OFFICERS IN
PERFORMING LAW ENFORCEMENT DUTIES.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in this section:
(1) "just compensation" means the compensation owed to an innocent third party under the
state Constitution by a Minnesota local government unit due to property damage caused by a
peace officer in the course of executing a search warrant or apprehending a criminal suspect; and
(2) "peace officer" has the meaning given in section 626.84.
    Subd. 2. Responsible government unit; execution of search warrant. If just compensation
is owed for damage caused in the execution of a search warrant or the apprehension of a criminal
suspect, the Minnesota local government unit employing the peace officer who sought issuance
of the warrant or initiated the apprehension is responsible for paying the compensation. Except
as otherwise provided in this subdivision, if the search warrant is executed or the apprehension
is accomplished by a peace officer from another Minnesota local government unit in aid of the
officer originating the warrant or initiating the apprehension, the responsibility for paying just
compensation remains with the Minnesota local government unit employing the officer who
originated the warrant or initiated the apprehension. In the event the property damage is caused
by the negligence of a peace officer, the Minnesota local government unit employing that peace
officer is responsible for paying just compensation.
History: 1998 c 367 art 11 s 20

PEACE OFFICERS;

ASSISTING OTHER OFFICERS

626.76 RULES AND REGULATIONS; AIDING OTHER OFFICERS; EXCHANGE
PROGRAMS.
    Subdivision 1. Interagency cooperation. Any appointive or elective agency or office of
peace officers as defined in subdivision 3 may establish rules or regulations and enter into
agreements with other agencies and offices for:
(1) assisting other peace officers in the line of their duty and within the course of their
employment; and
(2) exchanging the agency's peace officers with peace officers of another agency or office
on a temporary basis. Additionally, the agency or office may establish rules and regulations for
assisting probation, parole, and supervised release agents who are supervising probationers,
parolees, or supervised releasees in the geographic area within the agency's or office's jurisdiction.
    Subd. 2. Assistance. (a) When a peace officer gives assistance to another peace officer, or to
a parole, probation, or supervised release agent, within the scope of the rules or regulations of the
peace officer's appointive or elected agency or office, any such assistance shall be within the line
of duty and course of employment of the officer rendering the assistance.
(b) When a peace officer acts on behalf of another agency or office within the scope of an
exchange agreement entered into under subdivision 1, the officer's actions are within the officer's
line of duty and course of employment to the same extent as if the officer had acted on behalf
of the officer's employing agency.
    Subd. 3. Peace officer. For the purposes of this section, "peace officer" means any member
of a police department, State Patrol, game warden service, sheriff's office, or any other law
enforcement agency, the members of which have, by law, the power of arrest.
    Subd. 4. No enlargement of duties. This section shall in no way be construed as extending
or enlarging the duties or authority of any peace officer or any other law enforcement agent as
defined in subdivision 3 except as provided in this section.
History: 1959 c 374 s 1; 1981 c 37 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1994 c 636 art 4 s 31

PEACE OFFICER; ADJOINING STATES

626.77 PEACE OFFICERS FROM ADJOINING STATES; FEDERAL LAW
ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Arrest authority. A peace officer of a state adjoining Minnesota and a federal
law enforcement officer have the same authority to arrest and hold an individual in custody as has
any peace officer of this state if all of the following circumstances are present:
(1) the officer is on duty and is acting on a request for assistance by a peace officer of this
state;
(2) while in this state, the officer acts under the direction of the peace officer to whom
the officer is rendering assistance;
(3) while in this state, the officer acts in accordance with the rules and regulations of the
officer's own appointive or elective authority; and
(4) upon effecting an arrest, the officer surrenders custody of the arrested individual to a
peace officer of this state without unnecessary delay.
    Subd. 2. Tort liability; indemnification. A peace officer from an adjoining state or a federal
law enforcement officer who responds to a request for assistance and who acts in accordance with
subdivision 1 is serving in the regular line of duty as fully as though the service was within the
officer's jurisdiction. For the purposes of section 3.736 and chapter 466, the officer is deemed to
be an employee of the elective or appointive agency of the peace officer requesting assistance.
    Subd. 3. Definition. As used in this section, "federal law enforcement officer" means an
officer or employee whether employed inside or outside the state of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the United States Marshal Service, the
Secret Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, the Department of Homeland
Security, or the United States Postal Inspection Service, or their successor agencies, who is
responsible for the prevention or detection of crimes or for the enforcement of the United States
Code and who is authorized to arrest, with or without a warrant, any individual for a violation
of the United States Code.
History: 1994 c 441 s 1; 2001 c 16 s 1; 2006 c 260 art 1 s 40
626.80 [Renumbered 299C.45]
626.81 [Renumbered 299C.46]
626.82 [Renumbered 299C.47]
626.83 [Renumbered 299C.48]

PEACE OFFICER TRAINING

626.84 DEFINITIONS AND SCOPE.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. For purposes of sections 626.84 to 626.863, the following terms
have the meanings given them:
(a) "Board" means the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training.
(b) "Director" means the executive director of the board.
(c) "Peace officer" means:
(1) an employee or an elected or appointed official of a political subdivision or law
enforcement agency who is licensed by the board, charged with the prevention and detection of
crime and the enforcement of the general criminal laws of the state and who has the full power
of arrest, and shall also include the Minnesota State Patrol, agents of the Division of Alcohol
and Gambling Enforcement, state conservation officers, Metropolitan Transit police officers,
Department of Corrections' Fugitive Apprehension Unit officers, and Department of Commerce
Insurance Fraud Unit officers; and
(2) a peace officer who is employed by a law enforcement agency of a federally recognized
tribe, as defined in United States Code, title 25, section 450b(e), and who is licensed by the board.
(d) "Part-time peace officer" means an individual licensed by the board whose services are
utilized by law enforcement agencies no more than an average of 20 hours per week, not including
time spent on call when no call to active duty is received, calculated on an annual basis, who has
either full powers of arrest or authorization to carry a firearm while on active duty. The term shall
apply even though the individual receives no compensation for time spent on active duty, and
shall apply irrespective of the title conferred upon the individual by any law enforcement agency.
(e) "Reserve officer" means an individual whose services are utilized by a law enforcement
agency to provide supplementary assistance at special events, traffic or crowd control, and
administrative or clerical assistance. A reserve officer's duties do not include enforcement of
the general criminal laws of the state, and the officer does not have full powers of arrest or
authorization to carry a firearm on duty.
(f) "Law enforcement agency" means:
(1) a unit of state or local government that is authorized by law to grant full powers of
arrest and to charge a person with the duties of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing the
general criminal laws of the state; and
(2) subject to the limitations in section 626.93, a law enforcement agency of a federally
recognized tribe, as defined in United States Code, title 25, section 450b(e).
(g) "Professional peace officer education" means a postsecondary degree program, or a
nondegree program for persons who already have a college degree, that is offered by a college or
university in Minnesota, designed for persons seeking licensure as a peace officer, and approved
by the board.
    Subd. 2. Scope. Notwithstanding sections 12.03, subdivision 4, 12.25, or any other law to
the contrary, no individual employed or acting as an agent of any political subdivision shall be
authorized to carry a firearm when on duty unless the individual has been licensed under sections
626.84 to 626.863. Nothing herein shall be construed as requiring licensure of a security guard as
that term is defined in section 626.88, subdivision 1, clause (c).
History: 1977 c 433 s 1; 1978 c 681 s 8; 1979 c 282 s 1; 1980 c 578 s 2; 1981 c 37 s 2;
1981 c 310 s 1; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 334 s 4; 1989 c 334 art 6 s 13; 1991 c 356 art 6 s 1; 1997 c
129 art 2 s 15; 1997 c 149 s 4; 1999 c 175 s 1; 2000 c 291 s 2; 2004 c 269 art 1 s 11; 2005 c 10
art 1 s 77; art 2 s 3
626.841 BOARD; MEMBERS.
The Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training shall be composed of the following 15
members:
(a) two members to be appointed by the governor from among the county sheriffs in
Minnesota;
(b) four members to be appointed by the governor from among peace officers in Minnesota
municipalities, at least two of whom shall be chiefs of police;
(c) two members to be appointed by the governor from among peace officers, at least one of
whom shall be a member of the Minnesota State Patrol Association;
(d) the superintendent of the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension or a designee;
(e) two members appointed by the governor from among peace officers, or former peace
officers, who are currently employed on a full-time basis in a professional peace officer education
program;
(f) two members to be appointed by the governor, one member to be appointed from
among administrators of Minnesota colleges or universities that offer professional peace officer
education, and one member to be appointed from among the elected city officials in statutory
or home rule charter cities of under 5,000 population outside the metropolitan area, as defined
in section 473.121, subdivision 2;
(g) two members appointed by the governor from among the general public.
A chair shall be appointed by the governor from among the members. In making
appointments the governor shall strive to achieve representation from among the geographic
areas of the state.
History: 1967 c 870 s 1; 1969 c 108 s 1; 1977 c 433 s 2; 1979 c 282 s 2; 1981 c 310 s 2;
1986 c 444; 1987 c 358 s 129; 1995 c 226 art 4 s 24
626.842 TERMS; MEETINGS; COMPENSATION; REMOVAL; VACANCIES.
    Subdivision 1. Board procedural matters. Meetings shall be called at the request of the
chair or upon the written request of a majority of the members of the board.
Membership on the board shall not constitute the holding of a public office, and members
of the board shall not be required to take and file oaths of office or submit a public official's
bond before serving on the board.
No member of the board shall be disqualified from holding any public office or employment,
by reason of appointment to the board, nor shall the member forfeit any such office or employment
notwithstanding any general, special, or local restriction, or ordinance, or city charter to the
contrary.
    Subd. 2. Terms, compensation, removal, and filling of vacancies. The membership terms,
compensation, removal of members and the filling of vacancies for members appointed pursuant
to section 626.841, clauses (a), (b), (d) and (e) on the board; the provision of staff, administrative
services and office space; the review and processing of complaints; the setting of fees; and other
matters relating to board operations shall be as provided in chapter 214.
History: 1967 c 870 s 2; 1969 c 108 s 2; 1971 c 24 s 55; 1976 c 134 s 76; 1977 c 433 s
3; 1986 c 444
626.843 RULES, STANDARDS; EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.
    Subdivision 1. Rules required. The board shall adopt rules with respect to:
(a) the certification of peace officer training schools, programs, or courses including training
schools for the Minnesota State Patrol. Such schools, programs and courses shall include
those administered by the state, county, school district, municipality, or joint or contractual
combinations thereof, and shall include preparatory instruction in law enforcement and minimum
basic training courses;
(b) minimum courses of study, attendance requirements, and equipment and facilities to be
required at each certified peace officers training school located within the state;
(c) minimum qualifications for instructors at certified peace officer training schools located
within this state;
(d) minimum standards of physical, mental, and educational fitness which shall govern the
recruitment and licensing of peace officers within the state, by any state, county, municipality, or
joint or contractual combination thereof, including members of the Minnesota State Patrol;
(e) minimum standards of conduct which would affect the individual's performance of
duties as a peace officer;
These standards shall be established and published. The board shall review the minimum
standards of conduct described in this paragraph for possible modification in 1998 and every
three years after that time.
(f) minimum basic training which peace officers appointed to temporary or probationary
terms shall complete before being eligible for permanent appointment, and the time within
which such basic training must be completed following any such appointment to a temporary
or probationary term;
(g) minimum specialized training which part-time peace officers shall complete in order to
be eligible for continued employment as a part-time peace officer or permanent employment as a
peace officer, and the time within which the specialized training must be completed;
(h) content of minimum basic training courses required of graduates of certified law
enforcement training schools or programs. Such courses shall not duplicate the content of certified
academic or general background courses completed by a student but shall concentrate on practical
skills deemed essential for a peace officer. Successful completion of such a course shall be
deemed satisfaction of the minimum basic training requirement;
(i) grading, reporting, attendance and other records, and certificates of attendance or
accomplishment;
(j) the procedures to be followed by a part-time peace officer for notifying the board of intent
to pursue the specialized training for part-time peace officers who desire to become peace officers
pursuant to clause (g), and section 626.845, subdivision 1, clause (g);
(k) the establishment and use by any political subdivision or state law enforcement agency
which employs persons licensed by the board of procedures for investigation and resolution of
allegations of misconduct by persons licensed by the board. The procedures shall be in writing
and shall be established on or before October 1, 1984;
(l) the issues that must be considered by each political subdivision and state law enforcement
agency that employs persons licensed by the board in establishing procedures under section
626.5532 to govern the conduct of peace officers who are in pursuit of a vehicle being operated in
violation of section 609.487, and requirements for the training of peace officers in conducting
pursuits. The adoption of specific procedures and requirements is within the authority of the
political subdivision or agency;
(m) supervision of part-time peace officers and requirements for documentation of hours
worked by a part-time peace officer who is on active duty. These rules shall be adopted by
December 31, 1993;
(n) citizenship requirements for full-time and part-time peace officers;
(o) driver's license requirements for full-time and part-time peace officers; and
(p) such other matters as may be necessary consistent with sections 626.84 to 626.863. Rules
promulgated by the attorney general with respect to these matters may be continued in force by
resolution of the board if the board finds the rules to be consistent with sections 626.84 to 626.863.
    Subd. 1a.[Repealed, 1988 c 563 s 8]
    Subd. 2. Executive director. An executive director shall be appointed by and serve in the
unclassified service at the pleasure of the board. The executive director shall perform such duties,
on behalf of the board, as the board shall prescribe. The board shall appoint such employees,
agents and consultants as deemed necessary, prescribe their duties, and provide for reimbursement
of their expenses. Such employees shall be in the classified service.
    Subd. 3. Board authority. The board may, in addition:
(a) recommend studies, surveys, and reports to be made by the executive director regarding
the carrying out of the objectives and purposes of sections 626.841 to 626.863;
(b) visit and inspect any peace officer training school approved by the executive director or
for which application for such approval has been made;
(c) make recommendations, from time to time, to the executive director, attorney general,
and the governor regarding the carrying out of the objectives and purposes of sections 626.841
to 626.863;
(d) perform such other acts as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the powers and
duties of the board as set forth in sections 626.841 to 626.863;
(e) cooperate with and receive financial assistance from and join in projects or enter into
contracts with the federal government or its agencies for the furtherance of the purposes of Laws
1977, chapter 433.
    Subd. 4. Reporting requirements. The board shall report to the attorney general, from time
to time, and to the governor at least biennially concerning the activities of the board. The board
shall report biannually to the chairs of the senate and house committees and divisions having
jurisdiction over criminal justice funding concerning the activities of the board. In addition to
other relevant items, the report must include detailed information concerning the compliance
reviews required in section 626.8459.
History: 1967 c 870 s 3; 1973 c 507 s 45; 1974 c 478 s 1; 1977 c 433 s 4-6; 1978 c 681
s 9-11; 1981 c 37 s 2; 1981 c 310 s 3; 1983 c 269 s 3; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 712 s 18; 1989 c
209 art 2 s 1; 1992 c 571 art 15 s 13; 1995 c 226 art 4 s 25; 1997 c 7 art 1 s 169; art 2 s 65;
1997 c 239 art 8 s 31; 1999 c 216 art 5 s 5
626.8431 AUTOMATIC LICENSE REVOCATION.
The license of a peace officer convicted of a felony is automatically revoked. For purposes of
this section, "conviction" includes a finding of guilt, whether or not the adjudication of guilt is
stayed or executed, an admission of guilt, or a no contest plea.
History: 1995 c 226 art 4 s 26
626.8432 REVOCATION; SUSPENSION; DENIAL.
    Subdivision 1. Grounds for revocation, suspension, or denial. (a) The board may refuse to
issue, refuse to renew, refuse to reinstate, suspend, revoke eligibility for licensure, or revoke a
peace officer or part-time peace officer license for any of the following causes:
(1) fraud or misrepresentation in obtaining a license;
(2) failure to meet licensure requirements; or
(3) a violation of the standards of conduct set forth in Minnesota Rules, chapter 6700.
(b) Unless otherwise provided by the board, a revocation or suspension applies to each
license, renewal, or reinstatement privilege held by the individual at the time final action is taken
by the board. A person whose license or renewal privilege has been suspended or revoked shall be
ineligible to be issued any other license by the board during the pendency of the suspension or
revocation.
    Subd. 2. Discovery of disqualifying conviction after licensure. The board may suspend or
revoke a peace officer or part-time peace officer license when the licensee has been convicted of a
crime recognized by the board as a crime that would disqualify the licensee from participating in
a professional peace officer education course, taking the peace officer licensing examination or
the part-time peace officer licensing examination, or maintaining eligibility for licensure under
Minnesota Rules, chapter 6700. The authority to suspend or revoke a license shall include all
individuals who have been granted a license when a disqualifying conviction that would have
precluded eligibility for licensure is discovered after licensure.
History: 2001 c 135 s 1
626.844 [Repealed, 1977 c 433 s 16]
626.8441 RESPONDING TO CALLS INVOLVING EMOTIONAL CRISES AND MENTAL
ILLNESS; MODEL PROGRAM PILOT PROJECTS.
    Subdivision 1. Model policing program. The commissioner of public safety, in consultation
with the Community Mental Health Peace Officer Advisory Board named under subdivision
2, may award grants to (1) develop models of community policing that are responsive to the
unique needs of the law enforcement and mental health systems in Minnesota, and (2) promote
these models throughout the state. Grants may be awarded to either existing or new projects.
The commissioner may approve the implementation of community policing pilot projects in
metropolitan and rural areas. In order to receive funding, a pilot project must focus on the
following:
(1) responding in a knowledgeable and sensitive way to persons exhibiting symptoms of
mental illness, to persons having drug-related reactions, and to others who may be in an emotional
or mental crisis;
(2) significantly reducing the risk of harm to the individuals who are the subjects of such
calls, to the officers responding to the calls, and to the general public;
(3) identifying and implementing a continuum of intervention strategies that will prevent
escalation, produce de-escalation, and minimize the use of force; and
(4) creating partnerships with community resources that result in positive resolution,
reduction, and prevention of potentially harmful incidents.
    Subd. 2.[Expired]
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 5 s 15
626.845 POWERS AND DUTIES.
    Subdivision 1. Powers and duties. The board shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) to certify peace officers' training schools or programs administered by state, county and
municipalities located within this state in whole or in part no later than 90 days after receipt of an
application for certification. The reasons for noncertification of any school or program or part
thereof shall be transmitted to the school within 90 days and shall contain a detailed explanation
of the reasons for which the school or program was disapproved and an explanation of what
supporting material or other requirements are necessary for the board to reconsider. Disapproval of
a school or program shall not preclude the reapplication for certification of the school or program;
(b) to issue certificates to schools, and to revoke such certification when necessary to
maintain the objectives and purposes of sections 626.841 to 626.863;
(c) to certify, as qualified, instructors at peace officer training schools, and to issue
appropriate certificates to such instructors;
(d) to license peace officers who have satisfactorily completed certified basic training
programs, and passed examinations as required by the board;
(e) to cause studies and surveys to be made relating to the establishment, operation, and
approval of state, county, and municipal peace officer training schools;
(f) to consult and cooperate with state, county, and municipal peace officer training schools
for the development of in-service training programs for peace officers;
(g) to consult and cooperate with universities, colleges, and technical colleges for the
development of specialized courses of instruction and study in the state for peace officers and
part-time peace officers in police science and police administration;
(h) to consult and cooperate with other departments and agencies of the state and federal
government concerned with peace officer standards and training;
(i) to perform such other acts as may be necessary and appropriate to carry out the powers
and duties as set forth in the provisions of sections 626.841 to 626.863;
(j) to coordinate the provision, on a regional basis, of skills oriented basic training courses to
graduates of certified law enforcement training schools or programs;
(k) to obtain criminal conviction data for persons seeking a license to be issued or possessing
a license issued by the board. The board shall have authority to obtain criminal conviction data to
the full extent that any other law enforcement agency, as that term is defined by state or federal
law, has to obtain the data;
(l) to prepare and transmit annually to the governor a report of its activities with respect
to allocation of moneys appropriated to it for peace officers training, including the name and
address of each recipient of money for that purpose, the amount awarded, and the purpose of
the award; and
(m) to assist and cooperate with any political subdivision or state law enforcement agency
which employs persons licensed by the board to establish written procedures for the investigation
and resolution of allegations of misconduct of persons licensed by the board, and to enforce
licensing sanctions for failure to implement such procedures.
In addition, the board may maintain data received from law enforcement agencies under
section 626.87, subdivision 5, provide the data to requesting law enforcement agencies who
are conducting background investigations, and maintain data on applicants and licensees as
part of peace officer license data. The data that may be maintained include the name of the law
enforcement agency conducting the investigation and data on the candidate provided under
section 626.87, subdivision 5, clauses (1) and (2).
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1988 c 563 s 8]
History: 1967 c 870 s 5; 1977 c 433 s 7; 1978 c 681 s 12; 1981 c 310 s 4; 1981 c 341 s
4; 1983 c 269 s 4; 1987 c 258 s 12; 1988 c 712 s 19; 1989 c 246 s 2; 1997 c 7 art 1 s 169; art
2 s 66; 1997 c 214 s 4; 1999 c 216 art 5 s 6
626.8451 TRAINING IN IDENTIFYING AND RESPONDING TO CERTAIN CRIMES.
    Subdivision 1. Training course; crimes motivated by bias. The board must prepare a
training course to assist peace officers in identifying and responding to crimes motivated by the
victim's race, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability, or characteristics identified as sexual
orientation. The course must include material to help officers distinguish bias crimes from other
crimes, to help officers in understanding and assisting victims of these crimes, and to ensure that
bias crimes will be accurately reported as required under section 626.5531. The course must be
updated periodically as the board considers appropriate.
    Subd. 1a. Training course; crimes of violence. In consultation with the Crime Victim and
Witness Advisory Council and the school of law enforcement, the board shall prepare a training
course to assist peace officers in responding to crimes of violence and to enhance peace officer
sensitivity in interacting with and assisting crime victims. For purposes of this course, harassment
and stalking crimes are "crimes of violence." The course must include information about:
(1) the needs of victims of these crimes and the most effective and sensitive way to meet
those needs or arrange for them to be met;
(2) the extent and causes of crimes of violence, including physical and sexual abuse, physical
violence, harassment and stalking, and neglect;
(3) the identification of crimes of violence and patterns of violent behavior; and
(4) culturally responsive approaches to dealing with victims and perpetrators of violence.
    Subd. 2. Preservice training requirement. An individual may not be licensed as a peace
officer unless the individual has received the training described in subdivision 1. An individual
is not eligible to take the peace officer licensing examination after August 1, 1994, unless the
individual has received the training described in subdivision 1a.
    Subd. 3. In-service training; board requirements. The board must provide to chief law
enforcement officers instructional materials patterned after the materials developed by the board
under subdivisions 1 and 1a. These materials must meet board requirements for continuing
education credit and be updated periodically as the board considers appropriate. The board must
also seek funding for an educational conference to inform and sensitize chief law enforcement
officers and other interested persons to the law enforcement issues associated with bias crimes
and crimes of violence. If funding is obtained, the board may sponsor the educational conference
on its own or with other public or private entities.
    Subd. 4. In-service training; chief law enforcement officer requirements. A chief
law enforcement officer must inform all peace officers within the officer's agency of (1) the
requirements of section 626.5531, (2) the availability of the instructional materials provided by
the board under subdivision 3, and (3) the availability of continuing education credit for the
completion of these materials. The chief law enforcement officer must also encourage these peace
officers to review or complete the materials.
History: 1988 c 643 s 2; 1992 c 571 art 15 s 14; 1993 c 326 art 2 s 27
626.8452 DEADLY FORCE AND FIREARMS USE; POLICIES AND INSTRUCTION
REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Deadly force policy. By January 1, 1992, the head of every local and state
law enforcement agency shall establish and enforce a written policy governing the use of force,
including deadly force, as defined in section 609.066, by peace officers and part-time peace
officers employed by the agency. The policy must be consistent with the provisions of section
609.066, subdivision 2, and may not prohibit the use of deadly force under circumstances in
which that force is justified under section 609.066, subdivision 2.
    Subd. 2. Deadly force and firearms use; initial instruction. Beginning January 1, 1992,
the head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall provide instruction on the use
of force, deadly force, and the use of firearms to every peace officer and part-time peace officer
newly appointed by or beginning employment with the agency. This instruction must occur
before the agency head issues a firearm to the officer or otherwise authorizes the officer to carry
a firearm in the course of employment. The instruction must be based on the agency's written
policy required in subdivision 1 and on the instructional materials required by the board for peace
officer and part-time peace officer licensure.
    Subd. 3. Deadly force and firearms use; continuing instruction. Beginning January 1,
1992, the head of every local and state law enforcement agency shall provide the instruction
described in subdivision 2 to every peace officer and part-time peace officer currently employed
by the agency. This instruction must be provided at least once a year.
    Subd. 4. Record keeping required. The head of every local and state law enforcement
agency shall maintain written records of the agency's compliance with the requirements of
subdivisions 2 and 3.
    Subd. 5. Licensing sanctions; injunctive relief. The board may impose licensing sanctions
and seek injunctive relief under section 214.11 for failure to comply with the requirements of
this section.
History: 1991 c 141 s 2
626.8453 QUALIFIED FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS; SPECIAL STATE
AND FEDERAL TASK FORCES; PEACE OFFICER AUTHORITY.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. The terms defined in this subdivision apply to this section.
(a) "Duly authorized executive officer" means the law enforcement officer headquartered in
Minnesota who is in charge of the activities of a federal law enforcement agency in this state.
(b) "Memorandum of understanding" is a written agreement between the governing bodies
of the participating units of local government and the commissioners of the state agencies
authorized to have a law enforcement agency as defined by section 626.84, subdivision 1,
paragraph (f), the sheriffs of the participating counties, and the duly authorized executive officers
of the participating federal law enforcement agencies that specifies the mission of the parties, the
agreement's purpose, the exchange of powers, required training, the duration of the agreement,
and other rights and responsibilities of the parties.
(c) "Qualified federal law enforcement officer" means an employee of the United States
charged with the enforcement of the criminal laws of the United States who has successfully
completed professionally recognized peace officer preemployment education which the board has
found comparable to Minnesota peace officer preemployment education.
(d) "Special purpose task force" is a coalition of city, county, state, and federal law
enforcement officers directed to accomplish specific state and federal law enforcement objectives.
    Subd. 2. Powers of federal law enforcement officers. A qualified federal law enforcement
officer assigned to a special purpose task force created under a memorandum of understanding that
has been filed with the board who is acting within the scope of the memorandum of understanding
shall possess the authority of the peace officers participating in the special purpose task force
under the memorandum of understanding.
    Subd. 3. Federal authority preserved. This section is not intended to limit the existing
authority possessed by federal law enforcement officers.
History: 1992 c 449 s 1; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4
626.8454 MANUAL AND POLICY FOR INVESTIGATING CASES INVOLVING
CHILDREN WHO ARE MISSING AND ENDANGERED.
    Subdivision 1. Manual. By July 1, 1994, the superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal
Apprehension shall transmit to law enforcement agencies a training and procedures manual
on child abduction investigations.
    Subd. 2. Model investigation policy. By June 1, 1995, the Peace Officer Standards and
Training Board shall develop a model investigation policy for cases involving children who are
missing and endangered as defined in section 299C.52. The model policy shall describe the
procedures for the handling of cases involving children who are missing and endangered. In
developing the policy, the board shall consult with representatives of the Bureau of Criminal
Apprehension, Minnesota Police Chiefs Association, Minnesota Sheriff's Association, Minnesota
Police and Peace Officers Association, Minnesota Association of Women Police, Minnesota
County Attorneys Association, a nonprofit foundation formed to combat child abuse, and two
representatives of victims advocacy groups selected by the commissioner of corrections. The
manual on child abduction investigation shall serve as a basis for defining the specific actions to
be taken during the early investigation.
    Subd. 3. Local policy. By August 1, 1995, each chief of police and sheriff shall establish
and implement a written policy governing the investigation of cases involving children who are
missing and endangered as defined in section 299C.52. The policy shall be based on the model
policy developed under subdivision 2. The policy shall include specific actions to be taken during
the initial two-hour period.
History: 1994 c 636 art 4 s 32
626.8455 TRAINING IN COMMUNITY POLICING.
    Subdivision 1. Training course. The board, in consultation with the Minnesota Institute of
Community Policing, shall prepare a training course to instruct peace officers in the techniques of
community policing. The course must include instruction on at least the following matters:
(1) techniques for expanding the training of peace officers to include problem-solving;
(2) techniques for organizing community members so that they are involved and trained
in community policing activities;
(3) techniques for relating to diverse communities; and
(4) techniques for relating to physically or mentally impaired individuals.
The course also must include training on child development issues to enable officers to
respond appropriately to perceived child protection situations. The board shall update the training
course periodically as it deems appropriate.
    Subd. 2. Preservice training requirement. An individual is not eligible to take the peace
officer licensing examination after August 1, 1997, unless the individual has received the training
described in subdivision 1.
    Subd. 3. Instructional materials. The board shall provide to chief law enforcement officers
instructional materials patterned after the materials developed by the board under subdivision 1.
These materials must meet board requirements for continuing education credit.
History: 1996 c 411 s 1
626.8456 TRAINING IN FIRE SCENE RESPONSE AND ARSON AWARENESS.
    Subdivision 1. Training course. The board, in consultation with the Division of Fire
Marshal, shall prepare objectives for a training course to instruct peace officers in fire scene
response and arson awareness.
    Subd. 2. Preservice training requirement. An individual is not eligible to take the peace
officer licensing examination after August 1, 1998, unless the individual has received the training
described in subdivision 1.
History: 1997 c 239 art 8 s 32
626.8457 PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT OF PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Model policy to be developed. By March 1, 1996, the Peace Officer
Standards and Training Board shall develop and distribute to all chief law enforcement officers a
model policy regarding the professional conduct of peace officers. The policy must address issues
regarding professional conduct not addressed by the standards of conduct under Minnesota Rules,
part 6700.1600. The policy must define unprofessional conduct to include, but not be limited to,
conduct prohibited by section 609.43, whether or not there has been a conviction for a violation of
that section. The policy must also describe the procedures that a local law enforcement agency may
follow in investigating and disciplining peace officers alleged to have behaved unprofessionally.
    Subd. 2. Chief law enforcement officers; written policy required. By July 1, 1996,
all chief law enforcement officers shall establish and implement a written policy defining
unprofessional conduct and governing the investigation and disposition of cases involving alleged
unprofessional conduct by peace officers. A chief law enforcement officer shall adopt a policy
identical or substantially similar to the model policy developed by the board under subdivision 1.
    Subd. 3. Report on alleged misconduct. A chief law enforcement officer shall report
annually to the board summary data regarding the investigation and disposition of cases involving
alleged misconduct, indicating the total number of investigations, the total number by each
subject matter, the number dismissed as unfounded, and the number dismissed on grounds that
the allegation was unsubstantiated.
History: 1995 c 226 art 4 s 30
626.8458 VEHICLE PURSUITS; POLICIES AND INSTRUCTION REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Purpose. The legislature finds that emergency vehicle operations are an
integral part of law enforcement's commitment to public safety. Law enforcement agencies shall
make reasonable efforts to guide their officers in the safe and responsible performance of their
emergency response duties. Although laws and rules provide the foundation for the conduct of
law enforcement officers, continuous and effective training is essential to ensure proper law
enforcement action during emergency vehicle operations, including police pursuits. This training
must be designed to give officers both skills and decision-making ability so that emergency
vehicle operations can be resolved safely and successfully.
    Subd. 2. Statewide model policy. (a) By July 1, 1999, the board shall adopt a new or
revised model policy governing the conduct of peace officers who are in pursuit of a vehicle
being operated in violation of section 609.487. The board shall seek and consider comments of
members of the public when adopting the policy. In order to assist peace officers in responding to
the complex and unpredictable factors associated with police pursuits, the model policy shall, at a
minimum, contain the following components:
(1) a statement describing the philosophy of the model policy. This philosophy must state
that the safety of all persons involved in or by a police pursuit is of primary importance. It also
must balance the risks of the pursuit to the public and peace officers with the consequences
of failing to pursue;
(2) the factors to be considered in initiating and terminating a pursuit, and the standards for
evaluating the need to initiate or terminate a pursuit;
(3) the procedures, tactics, and technologies used during pursuits;
(4) the various responsibilities of the pursuing officers, the officer supervising the pursuit, the
dispatcher, and air support;
(5) the procedures governing interjurisdictional pursuits;
(6) the procedures governing care of any persons injured in the course of the pursuit;
(7) the contents of pursuit reports filed under section 626.5532; and
(8) the procedures used to evaluate each pursuit.
(b) The board shall review and, as necessary, revise the model pursuit policy in collaboration
with the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association, the Minnesota Sheriffs Association, the
Minnesota Police and Peace Officers Association, a representative from the State Patrol, and other
interested law enforcement industry groups.
    Subd. 3. Agency policies required. (a) The chief law enforcement officer of every state
and local law enforcement agency must establish and enforce a written policy governing the
conduct of peace officers employed by the agency who are in pursuit of a vehicle being operated
in violation of section 609.487. The policy must, at a minimum, comply with the requirements
of any new or revised model pursuit policy adopted by the board under subdivision 2 and must
take into account the comments of members of the public and any pursuit vehicle technology that
is available to the agency.
(b) Every state and local law enforcement agency must certify annually to the board that it
has adopted a written policy in compliance with the board's model pursuit policy.
(c) The board shall assist the chief law enforcement officer of each state and local law
enforcement agency in developing and implementing pursuit policies under this subdivision.
    Subd. 4. Preservice training in police pursuits required. (a) By January 1, 2000, the board
shall prepare learning objectives for instructing peace officers in emergency vehicle operations
and in the conduct of police pursuits. The course shall consist of at least seven hours of classroom
and skills-based training.
(b) An individual is not eligible to take the peace officer licensing examination or the
part-time peace officer licensing examination on or after January 1, 2000, unless the individual
has received the training described in paragraph (a).
    Subd. 5. In-service training in police pursuits required. The chief law enforcement officer
of every state and local law enforcement agency shall provide in-service training in emergency
vehicle operations and in the conduct of police pursuits to every peace officer and part-time
peace officer employed by the agency who the chief law enforcement officer determines may be
involved in a police pursuit given the officer's responsibilities. The training shall comply with
learning objectives developed and approved by the board and shall consist of at least eight hours
of classroom and skills-based training every three years.
    Subd. 6. Licensing sanctions; injunctive relief. The board may impose licensing sanctions
and seek injunctive relief under section 214.11 for failure to comply with the requirements of
this section.
History: 1999 c 216 art 5 s 7
626.8459 POST BOARD; COMPLIANCE REVIEWS REQUIRED.
(a) Each year, the board shall conduct compliance reviews on all state and local law
enforcement agencies. The compliance reviews must ensure that the agencies are complying with
all requirements imposed on them by statute and rule. The board shall include in the reports to the
legislature required in section 626.843, subdivision 4, detailed information on the compliance
reviews conducted under this section. At a minimum, the reports must specify each requirement
imposed by statute and rule on law enforcement agencies, the compliance rate of each agency, and
the action taken by the board, if any, against an agency not in compliance.
(b) The board may impose licensing sanctions and seek injunctive relief under section 214.11
for an agency's failure to comply with a requirement imposed on it in statute or rule.
History: 1999 c 216 art 5 s 8
626.846 ATTENDANCE, FORFEITURE OF POSITION.
    Subdivision 1. Licensure requirement. Notwithstanding any general or local law or charter
to the contrary, any peace officer or part-time peace officer employed or elected on or after July 1,
1979, by any state, county, municipality or joint or contractual combination thereof of the state
of Minnesota shall not be eligible for permanent appointment without being licensed by the
board pursuant to sections 626.84 to 626.863.
    Subd. 1a.[Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12]
    Subd. 2. Forfeiture of position. Every peace officer or part-time peace officer who shall
be appointed by any state, county, municipality or joint or contractual combination thereof of
the state of Minnesota on a temporary basis or for a probationary term, shall forfeit the officer's
position unless the officer has been licensed by the board pursuant to sections 626.841 to 626.863.
Any other peace officer or part-time peace officer employed or elected by any state, county,
municipality or joint or contractual combination thereof, may attend peace officer training courses
and be licensed by the board pursuant to sections 626.84 to 626.863.
    Subd. 3. Grandfather provision. A peace officer who has received a permanent appointment
prior to July 1, 1978, shall be licensed by the board if the officer has met the requirements of
sections 626.841 to 626.855 in effect on June 30, 1977 and if the officer has requested licensing
by the board.
    Subd. 3a.[Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12]
    Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12]
    Subd. 5.[Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12]
    Subd. 6. Office of sheriff; licensure as peace officer required. A person seeking election
to the office of sheriff must be licensed as a peace officer. A person seeking appointment to the
office of sheriff, or seeking appointment to the position of chief law enforcement officer, as
defined by the rules of the board, after June 30, 1987, must be licensed or eligible to be licensed
as a peace officer. The person shall submit proof of peace officer licensure or eligibility as part of
the application for office. A person elected or appointed to the office of sheriff or the position
of chief law enforcement officer shall be licensed as a peace officer during the person's term of
office or employment.
History: 1967 c 870 s 6; 1977 c 433 s 8; 1977 c 455 s 90; 1978 c 681 s 13-18; 1980 c 578
s 3,4; 1981 c 310 s 5,6; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 358 s 130; 1994 c 636 art 4 s 33; 1997 c 7 art
1 s 169; 1997 c 147 s 78
626.8461 PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS; POLICY.
The legislature finds and declares that it is necessary to establish minimum training
requirements for part-time peace officers in certain specified areas to maximize protection of the
rights and safety of the public and to minimize liability on the part of Minnesota counties and
municipalities. The legislature further finds that part-time peace officers are most effectively
utilized as a supplement to regular, fully trained and licensed, peace officers and does not
encourage the use of part-time peace officers when needs for service would otherwise justify the
use of peace officers.
History: 1979 c 282 s 3; 1981 c 310 s 7
626.8462 COMPETENCY REQUIREMENTS.
Part-time peace officer licensing examinations shall be designed to insure competency in the
following areas reasonably achievable in courses within a total hourly maximum of 80 hours:
(1) permissible use of force by peace officers, including deadly force;
(2) law of arrest, including probable cause;
(3) law of search and seizure;
(4) confessions and interrogations, oral and written;
(5) law and rules of evidence;
(6) Minnesota Criminal Code;
(7) juvenile law;
(8) general principles of criminal investigations;
(9) crime scene search and investigation;
(10) preservation and collection of crime scene evidence; and
(11) traffic enforcement, including accident investigation.
The board shall prepare learning objectives for an 80-hour course to test competency under
this section.
Upon request, the board shall provide to any sheriff or chief of police lesson plans and
instructional materials reasonably necessary to conduct classes in the required areas of study.
Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit a requirement for more comprehensive training
imposed by a local law enforcement agency.
History: 1979 c 282 s 5; 1981 c 310 s 8; 1999 c 216 art 5 s 9
626.8463 PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Appointment requirements. (a) Any individual appointed or employed as a
part-time peace officer shall provide proof to the board that the individual has:
(1) satisfied the selection standards of the board then in effect;
(2) successfully completed board recognized courses in first aid and firearms training,
including legal limitations on the justifiable use of deadly force; and
(3) successfully passed a board part-time peace officer licensing examination.
(b) The board shall develop a new examination that tests in depth the expanded competency
requirements of section 626.8462.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1999 c 216 art 5 s 15]
History: 1979 c 282 s 6; 1980 c 578 s 5; 1981 c 310 s 9; 1985 c 13 s 1; 1999 c 216 art 5 s 10
626.8464 NEW PART-TIME PEACE OFFICER POSITIONS.
Except as otherwise provided in section 626.8463, any individual appointed or employed as
a part-time peace officer to a position which was not filled by a part-time officer between January
1, 1978 and May 31, 1979 shall meet the training and licensing requirements of the board then in
effect for full-time peace officers.
History: 1979 c 282 s 7; 1980 c 578 s 7; 1981 c 310 s 10
626.8465 PART-TIME OFFICERS; LIMITATIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Supervision of powers and duties. No law enforcement agency shall utilize
the services of a part-time peace officer unless the part-time peace officer exercises the part-time
peace officer's powers and duties under the supervision of a licensed peace officer designated
by the chief law enforcement officer. Supervision also may be via radio communications. With
the consent of the county sheriff, the designated supervising officer may be a member of the
county sheriff's department.
    Subd. 2. Part-time peace officer license, restriction. Subject to section 626.8468,
subdivision 1
, any individual licensed by the board as a part-time peace officer shall be eligible
for appointment or employment anywhere in the state as a part-time peace officer but not as a
peace officer unless the individual meets board training and licensing requirements then in effect
for peace officers.
    Subd. 3. Emergency appointment. Upon application of a law enforcement agency the
board shall exempt from the provisions of Laws 1979, Chapter 282 the number of individuals
necessary to secure and maintain the public safety in the case of an emergency arising from a
natural disaster, civil disorder, fire, explosion, or similar catastrophic event; provided that no
exemption shall be valid for a period exceeding 30 days. In the event the emergency requires an
exemption immediately, the director or in case of the director's absence, the chief law enforcement
officer of the municipality or township, or the sheriff of the county in which the emergency has
arisen, shall grant an exemption which shall be valid only until the board has met and approved or
rejected the application, but in no event shall an exemption granted by the director, the chief law
enforcement officer of the municipality or township, or a county sheriff, be valid for a period
exceeding seven days.
History: 1979 c 282 s 8; 1981 c 310 s 11,12; 1986 c 444; 1992 c 571 art 15 s 15; 1999 c
216 art 5 s 11
626.8466 RESERVE OFFICERS.
Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or rule of the board to the contrary, no reserve
officer shall be subject to mandatory training, licensing, or continuing education requirements
except as may be established by the agency utilizing the services of the reserve officer.
History: 1979 c 282 s 9
626.8467 [Repealed, 1980 c 578 s 12]
626.8468 PART-TIME PEACE OFFICERS; CAP ON NUMBER PER AGENCY,
EXPANDED TRAINING REQUIRED, CONTINUING EDUCATION.
    Subdivision 1. Cap on number of part-time peace officers per agency. (a) A law
enforcement agency that employed a licensed part-time peace officer or that was in the process of
training an individual to become a licensed part-time peace officer on or before February 1, 1999,
may continue to do so. No agency may employ more part-time peace officers than it employed in
calendar year 1996, 1997, or 1998, except the State Fair Police Department may employ up to
15 licensed part-time peace officers.
(b) After January 1, 2000, the board may issue additional part-time peace officer licenses to a
law enforcement agency that employs a part-time peace officer and that demonstrates to the board
an extraordinary and temporary need for the additional license.
(c) If a local unit of government dissolves a law enforcement agency that employs a part-time
peace officer authorized under this subdivision and contracts with another law enforcement
agency to provide law enforcement services, the law enforcement agency contracted with may add
that number of part-time positions to the agency's maximum under this subdivision if the agency
hires or offers employment to all full-time peace officers employed by the dissolved agency at the
time of dissolution. The employment offered must be of comparable responsibility and salary.
    Subd. 2. Expanded training required. Each person seeking initial licensure as a part-time
peace officer shall successfully complete the competency training described in section 626.8462.
Before issuing a part-time peace officer license or allowing a person to take the examination
described in section 626.8462, the board shall ensure that the applicant has successfully completed
the training. The chief law enforcement officer of the agency employing or seeking to employ the
applicant shall submit proof to the board that the applicant has successfully completed the training
before the applicant may take the examination.
    Subd. 3. Continuing education. All licensed part-time peace officers shall comply with
continuing education standards required by the board. The officers may receive reimbursement
for the costs of this education from the peace officers training account described in section
357.021, subdivision 7.
History: 1999 c 216 art 5 s 12; 2003 c 23 s 1
626.847 COMPULSORY PROGRAM; EXEMPTIONS.
Nothing contained in sections 626.841 to 626.863, shall be construed to exempt any peace
officer from the provisions of sections 626.841 to 626.863, or to exempt a peace officer having
received the peace officer's last permanent appointment as a peace officer prior to July 1, 1967.
History: 1967 c 870 s 7; 1977 c 433 s 9; 1978 c 681 s 19; 1986 c 444; 1997 c 7 art 1 s 169
626.8471 AVOIDING RACIAL PROFILING; POLICIES AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES
REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Purpose. The legislature finds that the reality or public perception of racial
profiling alienates people from police, hinders community policing efforts, and causes law
enforcement to lose credibility and trust among the people law enforcement is sworn to protect
and serve. No stop initiated by a peace officer should be made without a legitimate reason; race,
ethnicity, or national origin alone should never provide a sufficient reason. Law enforcement
policies and training programs must emphasize the need to respect the balance between the
rights of all persons to be free from unreasonable governmental intrusions and law enforcement's
need to enforce the law.
    Subd. 2. Definition. "Racial profiling" means any action initiated by law enforcement that
relies upon the race, ethnicity, or national origin of an individual rather than:
(1) the behavior of that individual; or
(2) information that leads law enforcement to a particular individual who has been identified
as being engaged in or having been engaged in criminal activity.
Racial profiling includes use of racial or ethnic stereotypes as factors in selecting whom to
stop and search. Racial profiling does not include law enforcement's use of race or ethnicity to
determine whether a person matches a specific description of a particular subject.
    Subd. 3. Statewide model policy. (a) The Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training
shall consult with the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association, the Minnesota Sheriffs
Association, the Racial Profiling Advisory Committee, and the Minnesota Police and Peace
Officers Association in developing an antiracial profiling model policy governing the conduct of
peace officers engaged in stops of citizens. This policy shall define racial profiling and identify
conduct that violates the law. The policy must also include a duty to give the officer's name or
badge number and identify the officer's department during routine traffic stops.
(b) The board shall adopt a model policy and distribute the model policy to all chief law
enforcement officers by August 1, 2001.
    Subd. 4. Agency policies required. (a) By November 1, 2001, the chief law enforcement
officer of every state and local law enforcement agency must establish and enforce a written
antiracial profiling policy governing the conduct of peace officers engaged in stops of citizens.
The chief law enforcement officer shall ensure that each peace officer receives a copy of the
agency's antiracial profiling policy. The chief law enforcement officer also must ensure that each
peace officer is aware of the policy's purpose and the conduct prohibited by it.
(b) The policy must, at a minimum, comply with the requirements of the model policy
adopted by the board under subdivision 3.
(c) Every state and local law enforcement agency must certify to the board that it has adopted
a written policy in compliance with the board's model policy.
(d) The board shall assist the chief law enforcement officer of each state and local law
enforcement agency in developing and implementing antiracial profiling policies under this
subdivision.
    Subd. 5. Preservice training learning objectives; requirements. (a) By August 1, 2001, the
board shall prepare learning objectives for preservice training to instruct peace officers in avoiding
racial profiling when making stops of citizens. These learning objectives shall be included in the
required curriculum of professional peace officer education programs.
(b) An individual is not eligible to take the peace officer licensing examination or the
part-time peace officer licensing examination on or after June 1, 2002, unless:
(1) the individual has received the training described in paragraph (a); and
(2) the individual has completed a psychological evaluation demonstrating that the individual
is not likely to engage in racial profiling.
    Subd. 6. In-service training learning objectives. By August 1, 2001, the board shall prepare
learning objectives for in-service training to instruct peace officers in avoiding racial profiling
when making stops of citizens. The board shall evaluate and monitor in-service training courses
to ensure they satisfy the learning objectives.
    Subd. 7. Chief law enforcement officers and supervisors; requirements. The executive
director of the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training shall prepare training materials
to provide chief law enforcement officers and other peace officers with supervisory authority
with information on how to detect and respond to racial profiling by peace officers under their
command. The training materials must address both the agency's antiracial profiling policy and
procedural components aimed at eliminating racial profiling in stops of citizens. The materials
must include information on federal and state constitutional and statutory laws prohibiting
discrimination by law enforcement. The procedural information must describe conduct that
is unlawful or inappropriate and present guidelines for reinforcing techniques that are lawful
and appropriate. The procedural information shall discuss appropriate search and seizure and
interviewing techniques.
    Subd. 8. POST board; compliance reviews authorized. The board has authority to inspect
state and local agency policies to ensure compliance with subdivision 4. The board may conduct
this inspection based upon a complaint it receives about a particular agency or through a random
selection process.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 3
626.848 TRAINING COURSES, LOCATIONS.
Subject to board rules, the superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension shall
provide courses at convenient locations in the state, for training peace officers in their powers and
duties, and in the use of approved equipment and the latest technique for detection, identification
and apprehension of criminals. For this purpose, the superintendent may use the services and
employees of the bureau.
The superintendent shall provide training to deputy constables in the limitations on their
powers and duties, the conduct of inspections, and such other matters as the board may direct.
Nothing herein shall be construed as establishing a mandatory training requirement for deputy
constables.
History: 1967 c 870 s 8; 1977 c 433 s 10; 1978 c 681 s 20; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4
626.849 [Repealed, 1987 c 358 s 132]
626.85 INSTRUCTORS; DONATIONS, CONTRIBUTIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Part-time instructors. In addition to the bureau employees assigned to
police training, full time or part time, the superintendent is authorized to engage such part-time
instructors as the superintendent deems proper and necessary to furnish the best possible
instruction in police sciences, subject to board rules and to the limitation of funds as appropriated
and available for expenditure. Laws 1981, chapter 210, sections 1 to 48 shall not apply to such
part-time employees.
    Subd. 2. Donations. Any donations, contributions, grants or gifts which may be received
shall be accepted without recourse to the donor, and shall become the property of the state. All
cash receipts shall be deposited with the commissioner of finance, and are hereby appropriated
to the bureau in the quarter in which they were so deposited.
    Subd. 3. Leave of absence. Any peace officer who has been designated to serve as an
instructor, researcher or member of a special project for the Peace Officer Training Board may
in the discretion of the appointing authority be given up to a 12 month leave of absence with
pay from the police department or agency by which employed for the purpose of serving as
such instructor, researcher or member of a special project. While serving in such capacity peace
officers shall continue to maintain the civil service status they have attained or accrued pursuant to
chapters 43A, 44 and 419. The commissioner of finance shall reimburse solely from federal funds
available for this purpose the respective law enforcement employers of such peace officers for all
salaries and contributions such employers make during said leave of absence towards accrual of
their civil service benefits, pension fund and hospitalization benefits.
History: 1967 c 870 s 10; 1971 c 615 s 1; 1977 c 433 s 11; 1981 c 210 s 54; 1986 c 444;
2003 c 112 art 2 s 50
626.851 ELIGIBILITY OF OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Training course attendance; eligibility. Any peace officer or part-time
peace officer employed or elected by any county or municipality of the state of Minnesota shall be
eligible to attend training courses as herein provided in accordance with the rules of the board.
    Subd. 2. Postsecondary educational institution eligible for training course. Any
student successfully completing a program of law enforcement instruction in a postsecondary
educational institution, which program has been certified by the board, and which institution has
been approved by the Minnesota state Department of Education or an accredited institution of
higher learning shall be eligible to attend a skills oriented basic training course as established
under section 626.843. Nothing contained in sections 626.84 to 626.863 shall be construed to
preclude the provision of skills oriented basic training courses by certified law enforcement
schools providing such course has been certified by the board.
History: 1967 c 870 s 11; 1973 c 565 s 1; 1976 c 52 s 1; 1977 c 433 s 12; 1978 c 681 s 21;
1980 c 578 s 6; 1981 c 310 s 13; 1Sp1995 c 3 art 16 s 13; 1997 c 7 art 1 s 169; 2003 c 130 s 12
626.8515 CERTAIN BACCALAUREATE DEGREE HOLDERS ELIGIBLE TO TAKE
LICENSING EXAMINATION.
A person with a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university who has
successfully completed a board-certified practical skills oriented basic training course is eligible
to take the peace officer licensing examination.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 4
626.8517 ELIGIBILITY FOR RECIPROCITY EXAMINATION BASED ON RELEVANT
MILITARY EXPERIENCE.
(a) For purposes of this section, "relevant military experience" means five years of active
duty military police service.
(b) A person who has relevant military experience and who has been honorably discharged
from the military is eligible to take the reciprocity examination.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 5
626.852 TUITION; SALARY AND EXPENSES.
Each officer when assigned to the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension continuing education
courses pursuant to rules of the board shall receive the officer's regular salary and shall be
reimbursed by the governing body of the governmental unit or combination of governmental units
from which elected or by which employed for the cost of meals, travel, and lodgings while in
attendance at the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension courses, not to exceed similar allowance
for state employees.
History: 1967 c 870 s 12; 1980 c 578 s 8; 1981 c 310 s 14; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 358 s 131
626.853 [Repealed, 1978 c 681 s 22]
626.854 [Repealed, 1977 c 433 s 16]
626.855 [Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1]
626.8555 PEACE OFFICER EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
Metropolitan State University and Minneapolis Community College, in consultation with the
Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training and state and local law enforcement agencies in
the seven-county metropolitan area, shall provide core law enforcement courses in an accelerated
time period. The schools shall grant priority admission to students who have a bona fide offer of
employment from a Minnesota law enforcement agency. These courses shall be available at the
beginning of the 1995-1996 academic year and are contingent on sufficient program enrollment.
The board, Metropolitan State University, and Minneapolis Community College shall
evaluate the accelerated law enforcement education program and report their findings to the
1997 legislature.
History: 1995 c 226 art 4 s 27
626.856 SCHOOL OF LAW ENFORCEMENT.
By July 1, 1992, the state university system shall develop a school of law enforcement in
the metropolitan area, as defined in section 473.121, subdivision 2, whose mission is to advance
the profession of law enforcement. The school may offer professional peace officer education,
graduate degree programs, and peace officer continuing education programs, and may conduct
applied research.
History: 1991 c 356 art 6 s 2
626.857 [Expired]
626.86 [Repealed, 1991 c 356 art 6 s 5]
626.861 [Repealed, 1998 c 367 art 8 s 26]
626.862 POWERS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.
Except as specifically provided by statute, only a peace officer and part-time peace officer
may:
(1) issue a citation in lieu of arrest or continued detention unless specifically authorized by
ordinance;
(2) ask a person receiving a citation to give a written promise to appear in court; or
(3) take a person into custody as permitted by section 629.34.
History: 1987 c 334 s 5; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4
626.863 UNAUTHORIZED PRACTICE.
(a) A person who is not a peace officer or part-time peace officer is guilty of a misdemeanor
if the person: (1) makes a representation of being a peace officer or part-time peace officer, or
(2) performs or attempts to perform an act, duty, or responsibility reserved by law for licensed
peace officers and part-time peace officers.
(b) The board shall designate the appropriate law enforcement agency to investigate
violations of this section. The attorney general shall prosecute violations of this section.
History: 1987 c 334 s 6; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4

LAW ENFORCEMENT BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS

626.87 LAW ENFORCEMENT BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Background investigation required. (a) A law enforcement agency shall
conduct a thorough background investigation on an applicant for employment as a licensed peace
officer or an applicant for a position leading to employment as a licensed peace officer before the
applicant may be employed. The background investigation must determine at a minimum whether
the candidate meets the following standards:
(1) standards established by the Minnesota Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training;
and
(2) established security standards for access to state and national computerized record and
communication systems.
(b) This requirement does not prevent a law enforcement agency from establishing higher
standards for law enforcement employees if those standards are not contrary to applicable law.
    Subd. 2. Disclosure of employment information. Upon request of a law enforcement
agency, an employer shall disclose or otherwise make available for inspection employment
information of an employee or former employee who is the subject of an investigation under
subdivision 1. The request for disclosure of employment information must be in writing, must
be accompanied by an original authorization and release signed by the employee or former
employee, and must be signed by a sworn peace officer or other authorized representative of the
law enforcement agency conducting the background investigation.
    Subd. 3. Refusal to disclose a personnel record. If an employer refuses to disclose
employment information in accordance with this section, upon request the district court may issue
an ex parte order directing the disclosure of the employment information. The request must be
made by a sworn peace officer from the law enforcement agency conducting the background
investigation and must include a copy of the original request for disclosure made upon the
employer or former employer and the authorization and release signed by the employee or former
employee. The request must be signed by the peace officer requesting the order and an attorney
representing the state or the political subdivision on whose behalf the background investigation
is being conducted. It is not necessary for the request or the order to be filed with the court
administrator. Failure to comply with the court order subjects the person who fails to comply to
civil or criminal contempt of court.
    Subd. 4. Immunity from liability. In the absence of fraud or malice, an employer is immune
from civil liability for employment information released to a law enforcement agency under
this section, or for any subsequent publication made by the employee or former employee of
employment information released to a law enforcement agency under this section.
    Subd. 5. Notice of investigation. Upon initiation of a background investigation under this
section, the law enforcement agency shall give written notice to the Peace Officer Standards
and Training Board of:
(1) the candidate's full name and date of birth; and
(2) the candidate's peace officer license number, if known.
The initiation of a background investigation does not include the submission of an
application for employment. Initiation of a background investigation occurs when the law
enforcement agency begins its determination of whether an applicant meets the agency's standards
for employment as a law enforcement employee.
    Subd. 6. Confidentiality agreements. If employment information is subject to a
confidentiality agreement between the employee or former employee and the employer, the
employer shall disclose the fact that such an agreement exists. If the employee or former employee
has authorized the release of employment information without regard to any previous agreement
to the contrary, the employer shall also disclose the employment information in accordance with
subdivision 2. If employment information is sealed or otherwise subject to a nondisclosure order
by a court of competent jurisdiction, the employer shall disclose the fact that such an order exists,
along with information identifying the court and court's file number.
    Subd. 7. Employment information. For purposes of this section, "employment information"
means written information in connection with job applications, performance evaluations,
attendance records, disciplinary actions, and eligibility for rehire.
    Subd. 8. Application. For purposes of this section, "employer" does not include an entity
that is subject to chapter 13.
History: 1997 c 214 s 5

UNIFORM COLORS FOR PEACE OFFICERS

AND SECURITY GUARDS

626.88 UNIFORMS; PEACE OFFICERS, SECURITY GUARDS; COLOR.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. (a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meanings given them.
(b) "Peace officer" means an employee of a political subdivision or state law enforcement
agency who is licensed pursuant to sections 626.84 to 626.863 charged with the prevention and
detection of crime and the enforcement of the general criminal laws of the state and who has full
power of arrest, and shall also include Minnesota state troopers, state conservation officers, park
police, and University of Minnesota police officers.
(c) "Security guard" means any person who is paid a fee, wage, or salary to perform one
or more of the following functions:
(1) prevention or detection of intrusion, unauthorized entry or activity, vandalism, or trespass
on private property;
(2) prevention or detection of theft, loss, embezzlement, misappropriation, or concealment of
merchandise, money, bonds, stocks, notes, or other valuable documents or papers;
(3) control, regulation, or direction of the flow or movements of the public, whether by
vehicle or otherwise, to assure protection of private property;
(4) protection of individuals from bodily harm;
(5) prevention or detection of intrusion, unauthorized entry or activity, vandalism, or trespass
on Minnesota National Guard facilities, including, but not limited to, Camp Ripley and Air
National Guard air bases; or
(6) enforcement of policies and rules of the security guard's employer related to crime
reduction insofar as such enforcement falls within the scope of security guard's duties.
The term "security guard" does not include: (i) auditors, accountants, and accounting
personnel performing audits or accounting functions; (ii) employees of a firm licensed pursuant to
section 326.3381 whose duties are primarily administrative or clerical in nature; (iii) unarmed
security personnel; (iv) personnel temporarily employed pursuant to statute or ordinance by
political subdivisions to provide protective services at social functions; (v) employees of air
or rail carriers.
    Subd. 2. Uniforms. Uniforms for peace officers shall be of uniform colors throughout the
state as provided herein. Uniforms for:
(a) municipal peace officers, including University of Minnesota peace officers and peace
officers assigned to patrol duties in parks, shall be blue, brown, or green;
(b) peace officers who are members of the county sheriffs' office shall be blue, brown,
or green;
(c) state troopers shall be maroon;
(d) conservation officers shall be green.
The uniforms of security guards may be any color other than those specified for peace
officers.
This subdivision shall apply to uniforms purchased subsequent to January 1, 1981.
    Subd. 3. Exception. Security guards employed by the Capitol Complex Security Division of
the Department of Public Safety are not required to comply with subdivision 2.
History: 1980 c 578 s 9; 1981 c 37 s 2; 1981 c 310 s 16; 1983 c 293 s 109; 1Sp1985 c 10 s
118; 1986 c 444; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 1; 1997 c 7 art 1 s 169; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4; 2006 c 273 s 13

PEACE OFFICER DISCIPLINE PROCEDURES

626.89 PEACE OFFICER DISCIPLINE PROCEDURES ACT.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the terms defined in this subdivision
have the meanings given them.
(a) "Administrative hearing" means a nonjudicial hearing or arbitration authorized to
recommend, approve, or order discipline.
(b) "Formal statement" means the questioning of an officer in the course of obtaining a
recorded, stenographic, or signed statement to be used as evidence in a disciplinary proceeding
against the officer.
(c) "Officer" means a licensed peace officer or part-time peace officer, as defined in section
626.84, subdivision 1, paragraphs (c) and (f), who is employed by a unit of government.
    Subd. 2. Applicability. The procedures and provisions of this section apply to law
enforcement agencies and government units. The procedures and provisions of this section do not
apply to:
(1) investigations and proceedings of the Minneapolis civilian police review authority; or
(2) investigations of criminal charges against an officer.
    Subd. 3. Governing formal statement procedures. The formal statement of an officer must
be taken in accordance with subdivisions 4 to 10.
    Subd. 4. Place of formal statement. The formal statement must be taken at a facility of
the employing or investigating agency or at a place agreed to by the investigating individual
and the investigated officer.
    Subd. 5. Complaint. An officer's formal statement may not be taken unless there is filed
with the employing or investigating agency a written complaint signed by the complainant stating
the complainant's knowledge, and the officer has been given a summary of the allegations.
Complaints stating the signer's knowledge also may be filed by members of the law enforcement
agency. Before an administrative hearing is begun, the officer must be given a copy of the signed
complaint.
    Subd. 6. Witnesses; investigative reports. Upon request, the investigating agency or the
officer shall provide the other party with a list of witnesses that the agency or officer expects to
testify at the administrative hearing and the substance of the testimony. A party is entitled to
copies of any witness statements in the possession of the other party and an officer is entitled
to a copy of the investigating agency's investigative report, provided that any references in a
witness statement or investigative report that would reveal the identity of confidential informants
need not be disclosed except upon order of the person presiding over the administrative hearing
for good cause shown.
    Subd. 7. Sessions. Sessions at which a formal statement is taken must be of reasonable
duration and must give the officer reasonable periods for rest and personal necessities. When
practicable, sessions must be held during the officer's regularly scheduled work shift. If the session
is not held during the officer's regularly scheduled work shift, the officer must be paid by the
employing agency at the officer's current compensation rate for time spent attending the session.
    Subd. 8. Record. A complete record of sessions at which a formal statement is taken
must be made by electronic recording or otherwise. Upon written request of the officer whose
statement is taken, a complete copy or transcript must be made available to the officer without
charge or undue delay. The session may be tape recorded by the investigating officer and by the
officer under investigation.
    Subd. 9. Presence of attorney or union representative. The officer whose formal statement
is taken has the right to have an attorney or union representative of the officer's choosing present
during the session. The officer may request the presence of an attorney or union representative at
any time before or during the session. When a request under this subdivision is made, no formal
statement may be taken until a reasonable opportunity is provided for the officer to obtain the
presence of the attorney or union representative.
    Subd. 10. Admissions. Before an officer's formal statement is taken, the officer shall be
advised in writing or on the record that admissions made in the course of the formal statement
may be used as evidence of misconduct or as a basis for discipline.
    Subd. 11. Disclosure of financial records. No employer may require an officer to produce
or disclose the officer's personal financial records except pursuant to a valid search warrant or
subpoena.
    Subd. 12. Release of photographs. No law enforcement agency or governmental unit
may publicly release photographs of an officer without the written permission of the officer,
except that the agency or unit may display a photograph of an officer to a prospective witness
as part of an agency or unit investigation, and the agency or unit may provide a photograph of
an officer to the civilian police review authority for it to display to a prospective witness as
part of the authority's investigation.
    Subd. 13. Disciplinary letter. No disciplinary letter or reprimand may be included in an
officer's personnel record unless the officer has been given a copy of the letter or reprimand.
    Subd. 14. Retaliatory action prohibited. No officer may be discharged, disciplined,
or threatened with discharge or discipline as retaliation for or solely by reason of the officer's
exercise of the rights provided by this section.
    Subd. 15. Rights not reduced. The rights of officers provided by this section are in addition
to and do not diminish the rights and privileges of officers that are provided under an applicable
collective bargaining agreement or any other applicable law.
    Subd. 16. Action for damages. Notwithstanding section 3.736 or 466.03, a political
subdivision or state agency that violates this section is liable to the officer for actual damages
resulting from the violation, plus costs and reasonable attorney fees. The political subdivision
or the state is deemed to have waived any immunity to a cause of action brought under this
subdivision, except that the monetary limits on liability under section 3.736, subdivision 4, or
466.04 apply.
History: 1991 c 334 s 1

LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY OF

MILLE LACS BAND OF CHIPPEWA INDIANS

626.90 LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "band" means the federally recognized
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians.
    Subd. 2. Law enforcement agency. (a) The band has the powers of a law enforcement
agency, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (f), if all of the requirements of
clauses (1) to (4) are met:
(1) the band agrees to be subject to liability for its torts and those of its officers, employees,
and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties arising out of a law enforcement
agency function conferred by this section, to the same extent as a municipality under chapter 466,
and the band further agrees, notwithstanding section 16C.05, subdivision 7, to waive its sovereign
immunity for purposes of claims of this liability;
(2) the band files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a bond or certificate
of insurance for liability coverage with the maximum single occurrence amounts set forth in
section 466.04 and an annual cap for all occurrences within a year of three times the single
occurrence amount;
(3) the band files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a certificate of
insurance for liability of its law enforcement officers, employees, and agents for lawsuits under
the United States Constitution; and
(4) the band agrees to be subject to section 13.82 and any other laws of the state relating to
data practices of law enforcement agencies.
(b) The band shall enter into mutual aid/cooperative agreements with the Mille Lacs County
sheriff under section 471.59 to define and regulate the provision of law enforcement services under
this section. The agreements must define the trust property involved in the joint powers agreement.
(c) The band shall have concurrent jurisdictional authority under this section with the Mille
Lacs County Sheriff's Department only if the requirements of paragraph (a) are met and under the
following circumstances:
(1) over all persons in the geographical boundaries of the property held by the United States
in trust for the Mille Lacs Band or the Minnesota Chippewa tribe;
(2) over all Minnesota Chippewa tribal members within the boundaries of the Treaty of
February 22, 1855, 10 Stat. 1165, in Mille Lacs County, Minnesota; and
(3) concurrent jurisdiction over any person who commits or attempts to commit a crime in
the presence of an appointed band peace officer within the boundaries of the Treaty of February
22, 1855, 10 Stat. 1165, in Mille Lacs County, Minnesota.
    Subd. 3. Peace officers. If the band complies with the requirements set forth in subdivision
2, the band is authorized to appoint peace officers, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1,
paragraph (c), who have the same powers as peace officers employed by local units of government.
    Subd. 4. County jail. The sheriff of the county in which the violation occurred is responsible
for receiving persons arrested by peace officers appointed under subdivision 3 and acting under
the authority conferred by this section.
    Subd. 5. Prosecuting authority. The Mille Lacs County attorney is responsible to prosecute
or initiate petitions for any person arrested, investigated, or detained by peace officers appointed
under subdivision 3 and acting under the authority conferred by this section.
    Subd. 6. Effect on federal law. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the
band's authority under federal law.
    Subd. 7. Construction. This section is limited to law enforcement authority only, and
nothing in this section shall affect any other jurisdictional relationships or disputes involving the
band or current reservation boundaries or entitle the band as a municipality or subdivision of
government to any fine or penalty revenue allocation under section 487.33.
History: 1991 c 189 s 1; 1998 c 386 art 2 s 97; 2000 c 411 s 3; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4
626.91 LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; LOWER SIOUX INDIAN COMMUNITY
PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "community" means the Lower Sioux
Indian Community.
    Subd. 2. Law enforcement agency. (a) The community has the powers of a law enforcement
agency, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (f), if all of the requirements of
clauses (1) to (4) are met:
(1) the community agrees to be subject to liability for its torts and those of its officers,
employees, and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties arising out of the law
enforcement agency powers conferred by this section to the same extent as a municipality under
chapter 466, and the community further agrees, notwithstanding section 16C.05, subdivision 7, to
waive its sovereign immunity with respect to claims arising from this liability;
(2) the community files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a bond or
certificate of insurance for liability coverage with the maximum single occurrence amounts set
forth in section 466.04 and an annual cap for all occurrences within a year of three times the
single occurrence amount;
(3) the community files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a certificate
of insurance for liability of its law enforcement officers, employees, and agents for lawsuits under
the United States Constitution; and
(4) the community agrees to be subject to section 13.82 and any other laws of the state
relating to data practices of law enforcement agencies.
(b) The community shall enter into an agreement under section 471.59 with the Redwood
County sheriff to define and regulate the provision of law enforcement services under this section
and to provide for mutual aid and cooperation. The agreement must identify and describe the trust
property involved in the agreement. For purposes of entering into this agreement, the community
shall be considered a "governmental unit" as that term is defined in section 471.59, subdivision 1.
    Subd. 3. Concurrent jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of the community pursuant to this
section shall be concurrent with that of the Redwood County sheriff, provided that it shall be
limited to persons in the geographical boundaries of property held by the United States in trust
for the community.
    Subd. 4. Peace officers. If the community complies with the requirements set forth in
subdivision 2, the community is authorized to appoint peace officers, as defined in section 626.84,
subdivision 1
, paragraph (c), who have the same powers as peace officers employed by the
Redwood County sheriff over the persons and the geographic areas described in subdivision 3.
    Subd. 5. County jail. The Redwood County sheriff is responsible for receiving persons
arrested by peace officers appointed by the community under subdivision 4 and acting under the
authority conferred by this section.
    Subd. 6. Prosecuting authority. The Redwood County attorney is responsible for
prosecuting or initiating petitions for any person arrested, investigated, or detained by peace
officers appointed by the community under subdivision 4 and acting under the authority conferred
by this section.
    Subd. 7. Effect on federal law. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the
community's authority under federal law.
    Subd. 8. Construction. This section is limited to law enforcement authority only, and
nothing in this section shall affect any other jurisdictional relationships or disputes involving
the community.
History: 1997 c 185 s 1; 1998 c 386 art 2 s 98; 2000 c 411 s 4; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4

LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY OF FOND DU LAC BAND

OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA

626.92 ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; FOND DU LAC BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR
CHIPPEWA.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "band" means the Fond du Lac Band of
Lake Superior Chippewa, a federally recognized Indian tribe organized pursuant to the Indian
Reorganization Act of 1934, United States Code, title 25, section 476, and which occupies the
Fond du Lac Reservation pursuant to the Treaty of LaPointe, 10 Stat. 1109.
    Subd. 2. Law enforcement agency. (a) The band has the powers of a law enforcement
agency, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (f), if all of the requirements of
clauses (1) to (4) and paragraph (b) are met:
(1) the band agrees to be subject to liability for its torts and those of its officers, employees,
and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties arising out of the law
enforcement agency powers conferred by this section to the same extent as a municipality under
chapter 466, and the band further agrees, notwithstanding section 16C.05, subdivision 7, to waive
its sovereign immunity for purposes of claims arising out of this liability;
(2) the band files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a bond or certificate
of insurance for liability coverage with the maximum single occurrence amounts set forth in
section 466.04 and an annual cap for all occurrences within a year of three times the single
occurrence amount or establishes that liability coverage exists under the Federal Torts Claims
Act, United States Code, title 28, section 1346(b), et al., as extended to the band pursuant to
the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, United States Code, title
25, section 450f(c);
(3) the band files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a certificate of
insurance for liability of its law enforcement officers, employees, and agents for lawsuits under
the United States Constitution or establishes that liability coverage exists under the Federal
Torts Claims Act, United States Code, title 28, section 1346(b) et al., as extended to the band
pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, United States
Code, title 25, section 450F(c); and
(4) the band agrees to be subject to section 13.82 and any other laws of the state relating to
data practices of law enforcement agencies.
(b) By July 1, 1998, the band shall enter into written mutual aid or cooperative agreements
with the Carlton County sheriff, the St. Louis County sheriff, and the city of Cloquet under
section 471.59 to define and regulate the provision of law enforcement services under this section.
The agreements must define the following:
(1) the trust property involved in the joint powers agreement;
(2) the responsibilities of the county sheriffs;
(3) the responsibilities of the county attorneys; and
(4) the responsibilities of the city of Cloquet city attorney and police department.
    Subd. 3. Concurrent jurisdiction. The band shall have concurrent jurisdictional authority
under this section with the Carlton County and St. Louis County Sheriffs' Departments over
crimes committed within the boundaries of the Fond du Lac Reservation as indicated by the
mutual aid or cooperative agreements entered into under subdivision 2, paragraph (b), and any
exhibits or attachments to those agreements.
    Subd. 4. Peace officers. If the band complies with the requirements set forth in subdivision
2, the band is authorized to appoint peace officers, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1,
paragraph (c), who have the same powers as peace officers employed by local units of government.
    Subd. 5. Effect on federal law. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the
band's authority under federal law.
    Subd. 6. Construction. This section is limited to law enforcement authority only, and nothing
in this section shall affect any other jurisdictional relationships or disputes involving the band.
History: 1998 c 367 art 11 s 21; 2000 c 411 s 5; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4

TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS

626.93 LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY; TRIBAL PEACE OFFICERS.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "tribe" means a federally recognized
Indian tribe, as defined in United States Code, title 25, section 450b(e), located within the state
of Minnesota, but does not include a tribe, band, or community described in section 626.91 or
626.92, or the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians for purposes of exercising law enforcement
authority in Mille Lacs County only under section 626.90. Tribe includes the Mille Lacs Band of
Chippewa Indians for purposes of exercising law enforcement authority on Mille Lacs Band of
Chippewa Indians Reservation lands which lie outside of Mille Lacs County.
    Subd. 2. Tribal law enforcement agency requirements. A tribe may exercise authority
under subdivision 3 only if it satisfies the following requirements:
(1) the tribe agrees to be subject to liability for its torts and those of its officers, employees,
and agents acting within the scope of their employment or duties arising out of a law enforcement
agency function conferred by section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (f), to the same extent as a
municipality under chapter 466, and the tribe further agrees, notwithstanding section 16C.05,
subdivision 7
, to waive its sovereign immunity with respect to claims arising from this liability;
(2) the tribe files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a bond or certificate
of insurance for liability coverage with the maximum single occurrence amounts set forth in
section 466.04 and an annual cap for all occurrences within a year of three times the single
occurrence amount;
(3) the tribe files with the Board of Peace Officer Standards and Training a certificate of
insurance for liability of its law enforcement officers, employees, and agents for lawsuits under
the United States Constitution; and
(4) if the tribe's governing body has authorized its peace officers to enforce criminal laws
within the boundaries of the tribe's reservation, the tribe agrees to be subject to section 13.82 and
any other laws of the state relating to data practices of law enforcement agencies.
    Subd. 3. Concurrent jurisdiction. If the requirements of subdivision 2 are met and the tribe
enters into a cooperative agreement pursuant to subdivision 4, the tribe shall have concurrent
jurisdictional authority under this section with the local county sheriff within the geographical
boundaries of the tribe's reservation to enforce state criminal law.
    Subd. 4. Cooperative agreements. In order to coordinate, define, and regulate the provision
of law enforcement services and to provide for mutual aid and cooperation, governmental units
and the tribe shall enter into agreements under section 471.59. For the purposes of entering into
these agreements, the tribe shall be considered a "governmental unit" as that term is defined in
section 471.59, subdivision 1.
    Subd. 5. Effect on federal law. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict a tribe's
authority under federal law.
    Subd. 6. Construction. This section is limited to law enforcement authority only, and
nothing in this section shall affect any other jurisdictional relationships or disputes involving a
tribe or current reservation boundaries.
History: 1999 c 175 s 2; 2000 c 411 s 6,7; 2005 c 10 art 2 s 4

CONSERVATION LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY

626.94 CONSERVATION LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section, "Indian conservation enforcement
authority" means:
(1) a federally recognized Indian tribe, as defined in United States Code, title 25, section
450b, subsection (e), located within Minnesota, provided that the tribe has the authority to adopt
and enforce game, fish, and natural resources codes governing the conduct of its members within
the geographic boundaries of a reservation or in the 1854 or 1837 ceded territories; or
(2) an Indian conservation agency having the authority to adopt or enforce game, fish, and
natural resources codes and regulations governing the conduct of Indians in the 1854 or 1837
ceded territories.
    Subd. 2. Indian conservation enforcement authority requirements. Upon agreement
by the commissioner of natural resources, an Indian conservation enforcement authority may
exercise authority under subdivision 3 if it satisfies the following minimum requirements:
(1) the Indian conservation enforcement authority agrees to be subject to liability for its torts
and those of its officers, employees, and agents acting within the scope of their employment or
duties arising out of the conservation enforcement powers conferred by this section to the same
extent as a municipality under chapter 466 and the Indian conservation enforcement authority
further agrees, notwithstanding section 16C.05, subdivision 7, to waive its sovereign immunity
for purposes of claims arising out of the liability;
(2) the Indian conservation enforcement authority files with the Board of Peace Officer
Standards and Training a bond or certificate of insurance for liability coverage with the maximum
single occurrence amounts set forth in section 466.04 and an annual cap for all occurrences within
a year of three times the single occurrence amounts;
(3) the Indian conservation enforcement authority files with the Board of Peace Officer
Standards and Training a certificate of insurance for liability of its conservation law enforcement
officers, employees, and agents for lawsuits under the United States Constitution;
(4) the Indian conservation enforcement authority agrees to be subject to section 13.82 and
any other laws of the state relating to data practices of law enforcement agencies;
(5) the Indian conservation enforcement authority enters into a written cooperative
agreement with the commissioner of natural resources under section 471.59 to define and regulate
the provision of conservation law enforcement services under this section and to provide
conservation officers employed by the Department of Natural Resources with authority described
in the cooperative agreement to enforce Indian codes and regulations on lands agreed upon
within the reservation or ceded territory; and
(6) the Indian conservation enforcement authority appoints a licensed peace officer to
serve as a chief law enforcement officer with authority to appoint and supervise the authority's
conservation officers under this section.
When entering into an agreement under clause (5), the Indian conservation enforcement authority
is considered a "governmental unit" as defined under section 471.59, subdivision 1. Nothing in
this section shall be construed to invalidate or limit the terms of any valid agreement approved by
a federal court order.
    Subd. 3. Jurisdiction. If the requirements of subdivision 2 are met:
(1) the Indian conservation enforcement authority's chief law enforcement officer may
appoint peace officers, as defined in section 626.84, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), to serve
as conservation officers having the same powers as conservation officers employed by the
Department of Natural Resources. The exercise of these powers is limited to the geographical
boundaries of the reservation or ceded territory; and
(2) the jurisdiction of conservation officers appointed under this subdivision is concurrent
with the jurisdiction of conservation officers employed by the Department of Natural Resources to
enforce the state's game and fish, natural resource, and recreational laws within the geographical
boundaries of the reservation or ceded territory.
    Subd. 4. Effect on federal law. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict the
Indian conservation enforcement authority's authority under federal law.
    Subd. 5. Construction. This section is limited to conservation enforcement authority only.
Nothing in this section shall affect any other jurisdictional relationship or dispute or current
agreement.
History: 1Sp2001 c 2 s 149

RACIAL PROFILING

626.951 RACIAL PROFILING STUDY; REPORT REQUIRED.
    Subdivision 1. Racial profiling study. (a) The commissioner of public safety shall oversee
a statewide study on traffic stops of citizens to determine whether racial profiling exists. Law
enforcement agencies that decide to participate in the study shall follow the procedures set forth
by this section. Agencies that receive state money for the installation of video cameras in police
vehicles shall participate in the study.
(b) The data that must be collected as part of this study include:
(1) the location of the stop;
(2) the date and time of the stop;
(3) the age, race/ethnicity, and gender of the driver;
(4) the traffic violation or reason that led to the stop;
(5) the disposition of the stop, arrest, citation, warning, or no action;
(6) whether a search was conducted of the driver, passengers, or vehicle;
(7) if a search was conducted, the authority for the search;
(8) if a search was conducted, whether any contraband was discovered or seized and the
nature of the contraband;
(9) whether the officer knew the race/ethnicity of the driver before the stop; and
(10) the law enforcement agency's code.
(c) The time period of the study shall be 12 months, beginning on January 1, 2002, and
ending December 31, 2002.
(d) The elements listed in paragraph (b) are the minimum that a law enforcement agency
participating in the study must collect. Nothing in this section prohibits an agency from
voluntarily collecting additional data elements. If an agency collects additional data elements, the
data are classified as provided in subdivision 7.
    Subd. 2. Submission of data to commissioner. On a frequency determined by the
commissioner of public safety, each chief law enforcement officer of a law enforcement agency
participating in the study shall submit to the commissioner the data described in subdivision 1 for
each traffic stop conducted by the agency's law enforcement officers.
    Subd. 3. Method of data collection. A chief law enforcement officer may collect and submit
the data described in this section electronically, if the method of doing so is compatible with the
Department of Public Safety's computer system, or on paper forms supplied by the commissioner
of public safety.
    Subd. 4. Outside expert. The commissioners of administration and public safety shall retain
a sufficiently experienced and independent organization or individual to:
(1) design and oversee the data collection process described in this section;
(2) develop baseline measures to analyze the data collected;
(3) develop and implement a data compliance auditing process that ensures the accuracy of
data collected through, among other things, periodic spot checks; and
(4) analyze the data collected.
    Subd. 5. Other duties of commissioner. The commissioner of public safety shall:
(1) ensure that data forwarded to the commissioner under this section is entered into a
central database in a timely manner;
(2) cooperate with the outside expert to facilitate the ability of the expert to fulfill its duties
under this section, including allowing the expert sufficient access to the compiled data; and
(3) develop and distribute to law enforcement agencies participating in the study a paper
form to collect the data.
    Subd. 6. Report required. The outside expert shall analyze the data collected to determine
the degree to which, if at all, racial profiling occurs in traffic stops made by law enforcement
agencies participating in the study within the state. By December 1, 2003, the expert shall report
the results of the analysis to the chairs of the senate and house committees having jurisdiction
over criminal justice policy.
    Subd. 7. Data. If law enforcement agencies collect data for purposes of traffic stops, the
data collected, including video data, are private data on individuals or nonpublic data as defined
in section 13.02. This subdivision does not affect the classification of the same data collected
for other law enforcement purposes.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 6
626.9513 MS 2004 [Expired, 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 7]
626.9514 TOLL-FREE TELEPHONE NUMBER.
The attorney general shall operate and maintain a toll-free telephone number for complaints
dealing with racial profiling. The attorney general must act as a clearinghouse for racial profiling
complaints and must forward complaints to the Peace Officer Standards and Training Board.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 8
626.9517 GRANT PROGRAM FOR INSTALLATION OF VIDEO CAMERAS IN POLICE
VEHICLES.
    Subdivision 1. Grants; cameras described. The commissioner of public safety shall make
grants to law enforcement agencies participating in the racial profiling study described in section
626.951 for the purchase, installation, and maintenance of video cameras on police vehicles
designed to record traffic stops. A video camera installed pursuant to a grant under this section
must:
(1) be automatically activated during every traffic stop;
(2) contain an audio feature; and
(3) be designed and installed so as to record the stop in its entirety.
Cameras may not be equipped with manual shut-off switches and must be activated for
the entirety of a traffic stop.
    Subd. 2. Storage of video. Notwithstanding section 138.163 or 138.17, chief law
enforcement officers of agencies receiving grants under this section for video cameras in police
vehicles shall ensure that the videotape or disk from the camera be stored for a minimum of 60
days after use. If the chief law enforcement officer has not been instructed by the board or the
attorney general to maintain the tape or disk beyond that period, the chief law enforcement
officer may reuse it. Tapes and disks must be stored and maintained under this subdivision in an
accessible manner. The tapes and disks must be clearly labeled and ordered.
    Subd. 3. Availability of videotape. A chief law enforcement officer shall provide a copy of a
videotape or disk that recorded a traffic stop to the driver of the stopped vehicle upon the driver's
request and at the driver's expense if the tape or disk has not yet been reused.
History: 1Sp2001 c 8 art 7 s 9