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Office of the Revisor of Statutes

609.2325 CRIMINAL ABUSE.
    Subdivision 1. Crimes. (a) A caregiver who, with intent to produce physical or mental
pain or injury to a vulnerable adult, subjects a vulnerable adult to any aversive or deprivation
procedure, unreasonable confinement, or involuntary seclusion, is guilty of criminal abuse and
may be sentenced as provided in subdivision 3.
This paragraph does not apply to therapeutic conduct.
(b) A caregiver, facility staff person, or person providing services in a facility who engages
in sexual contact or penetration, as defined in section 609.341, under circumstances other than
those described in sections 609.342 to 609.345, with a resident, patient, or client of the facility is
guilty of criminal abuse and may be sentenced as provided in subdivision 3.
    Subd. 2. Exemptions. For the purposes of this section, a vulnerable adult is not abused for
the sole reason that:
(1) the vulnerable adult or a person with authority to make health care decisions for the
vulnerable adult under sections 144.651, 144A.44, chapter 145B, 145C, or 252A, or sections
253B.03 or 524.5-101 to 524.5-502, refuses consent or withdraws consent, consistent with that
authority and within the boundary of reasonable medical practice, to any therapeutic conduct,
including any care, service, or procedure to diagnose, maintain, or treat the physical or mental
condition of the vulnerable adult or, where permitted under law, to provide nutrition and hydration
parenterally or through intubation; this paragraph does not enlarge or diminish rights otherwise
held under law by:
(i) a vulnerable adult or a person acting on behalf of a vulnerable adult, including an involved
family member, to consent to or refuse consent for therapeutic conduct; or
(ii) a caregiver to offer or provide or refuse to offer or provide therapeutic conduct;
(2) the vulnerable adult, a person with authority to make health care decisions for the
vulnerable adult, or a caregiver in good faith selects and depends upon spiritual means or prayer
for treatment or care of disease or remedial care of the vulnerable adult in lieu of medical care,
provided that this is consistent with the prior practice or belief of the vulnerable adult or with the
expressed intentions of the vulnerable adult; or
(3) the vulnerable adult, who is not impaired in judgment or capacity by mental or emotional
dysfunction or undue influence, engages in consensual sexual contact with: (i) a person, including
a facility staff person, when a consensual sexual personal relationship existed prior to the
caregiving relationship; or (ii) a personal care attendant, regardless of whether the consensual
sexual personal relationship existed prior to the caregiving relationship.
    Subd. 3. Penalties. (a) A person who violates subdivision 1, paragraph (a), may be sentenced
as follows:
(1) if the act results in the death of a vulnerable adult, imprisonment for not more than 15
years or payment of a fine of not more than $30,000, or both;
(2) if the act results in great bodily harm, imprisonment for not more than ten years or
payment of a fine of not more than $20,000, or both;
(3) if the act results in substantial bodily harm or the risk of death, imprisonment for not
more than five years or payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both; or
(4) in other cases, imprisonment for not more than one year or payment of a fine of not
more than $3,000, or both.
(b) A person who violates subdivision 1, paragraph (b), may be sentenced to imprisonment
for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both.
History: 1995 c 229 art 2 s 3; 1996 c 408 art 10 s 11; 2004 c 146 art 3 s 43