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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

609.11 MINIMUM SENTENCES OF IMPRISONMENT.
    Subdivision 1. Commitments without minimums. All commitments to the commissioner
of corrections for imprisonment of the defendant are without minimum terms except when the
sentence is to life imprisonment as required by law and except as otherwise provided in this
chapter.
    Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1978 c 723 art 2 s 5]
    Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1981 c 227 s 13]
    Subd. 4. Dangerous weapon. Any defendant convicted of an offense listed in subdivision 9
in which the defendant or an accomplice, at the time of the offense, used, whether by brandishing,
displaying, threatening with, or otherwise employing, a dangerous weapon other than a firearm,
shall be committed to the commissioner of corrections for not less than one year plus one day,
nor more than the maximum sentence provided by law. Any defendant convicted of a second or
subsequent offense in which the defendant or an accomplice, at the time of the offense, used a
dangerous weapon other than a firearm, shall be committed to the commissioner of corrections for
not less than three years nor more than the maximum sentence provided by law.
    Subd. 5. Firearm. (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), any defendant
convicted of an offense listed in subdivision 9 in which the defendant or an accomplice, at the time
of the offense, had in possession or used, whether by brandishing, displaying, threatening with,
or otherwise employing, a firearm, shall be committed to the commissioner of corrections for
not less than three years, nor more than the maximum sentence provided by law. Any defendant
convicted of a second or subsequent offense in which the defendant or an accomplice, at the time
of the offense, had in possession or used a firearm shall be committed to the commissioner of
corrections for not less than five years, nor more than the maximum sentence provided by law.
(b) Any defendant convicted of violating section 609.165 or 624.713, subdivision 1, clause
(b), shall be committed to the commissioner of corrections for not less than five years, nor more
than the maximum sentence provided by law.
    Subd. 5a. Drug offenses. Notwithstanding section 609.035, whenever a defendant is subject
to a mandatory minimum sentence for a felony violation of chapter 152 and is also subject to
this section, the minimum sentence imposed under this section shall be consecutive to that
imposed under chapter 152.
    Subd. 6. No early release. Any defendant convicted and sentenced as required by this
section is not eligible for probation, parole, discharge, or supervised release until that person has
served the full term of imprisonment as provided by law, notwithstanding the provisions of
sections 242.19, 243.05, 244.04, 609.12 and 609.135.
    Subd. 7. Prosecutor shall establish. The question of whether the defendant or an
accomplice, at the time of commission of an offense listed in subdivision 9, used a firearm or
other dangerous weapon or had in possession a firearm shall be determined by the factfinder at the
time of a verdict or finding of guilt at trial or the entry of a plea of guilty based upon the record
of the trial or the plea of guilty. The factfinder shall also determine whether the defendant has
been convicted of a second or subsequent offense in which the defendant or an accomplice, at
the time of commission of an offense listed in subdivision 9, used a firearm or other dangerous
weapon or had in possession a firearm.
    Subd. 8. Motion by prosecutor. (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), prior
to the time of sentencing, the prosecutor may file a motion to have the defendant sentenced
without regard to the mandatory minimum sentences established by this section. The motion
shall be accompanied by a statement on the record of the reasons for it. When presented with
the motion, or on its own motion, the court may sentence the defendant without regard to the
mandatory minimum sentences established by this section if the court finds substantial and
compelling reasons to do so. A sentence imposed under this subdivision is a departure from
the Sentencing Guidelines.
(b) The court may not, on its own motion or the prosecutor's motion, sentence a defendant
without regard to the mandatory minimum sentences established by this section if the defendant
previously has been convicted of an offense listed in subdivision 9 in which the defendant used or
possessed a firearm or other dangerous weapon.
    Subd. 9. Applicable offenses. The crimes for which mandatory minimum sentences shall
be served as provided in this section are: murder in the first, second, or third degree; assault in
the first, second, or third degree; burglary; kidnapping; false imprisonment; manslaughter in the
first or second degree; aggravated robbery; simple robbery; first-degree or aggravated first-degree
witness tampering; criminal sexual conduct under the circumstances described in sections
609.342, subdivision 1, clauses (a) to (f); 609.343, subdivision 1, clauses (a) to (f); and 609.344,
subdivision 1
, clauses (a) to (e) and (h) to (j); escape from custody; arson in the first, second, or
third degree; drive-by shooting under section 609.66, subdivision 1e; harassment and stalking
under section 609.749, subdivision 3, clause (3); possession or other unlawful use of a firearm
in violation of section 609.165, subdivision 1b, or 624.713, subdivision 1, clause (b), a felony
violation of chapter 152; or any attempt to commit any of these offenses.
    Subd. 10. Report on criminal cases involving a firearm. Beginning on July 1, 1994, every
county attorney shall collect and maintain the following information on criminal complaints
and prosecutions within the county attorney's office in which the defendant is alleged to have
committed an offense listed in subdivision 9 while possessing or using a firearm:
(1) whether the case was charged or dismissed;
(2) whether the defendant was convicted of the offense or a lesser offense; and
(3) whether the mandatory minimum sentence required under this section was imposed and
executed or was waived by the prosecutor or court.
No later than July 1 of each year, beginning on July 1, 1995, the county attorney shall
forward this information to the Sentencing Guidelines commission upon forms prescribed
by the commission.
History: 1963 c 753 art 1 s 609.11; 1969 c 743 s 1; 1971 c 845 s 15; 1974 c 32 s 1; 1975 c
378 s 8; 1977 c 130 s 2; 1978 c 723 art 2 s 2; 1979 c 258 s 1; 1981 c 227 s 1-7; 1983 c 274 s
15; 1986 c 351 s 5; 1989 c 290 art 3 s 27,28; 1991 c 279 s 25; 1993 c 326 art 13 s 23; 1994 c
576 s 46; 1994 c 636 art 3 s 5-8; 1996 c 408 art 4 s 4,5; 1997 c 96 s 4; 1998 c 367 art 2 s
4,5; 2006 c 260 art 1 s 13