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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

518C.101 DEFINITIONS.
In this chapter:
(a) "Child" means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is
alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the
beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent.
(b) "Child support order" means a support order for a child, including a child who has
attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state.
(c) "Duty of support" means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support
for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support.
(d) "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as
parent for at least six consecutive months immediately preceding the time of filing of a petition
or comparable pleading for support and, if a child is less than six months old, the state in which
the child lived from birth with any of them. A period of temporary absence of any of them is
counted as part of the six-month or other period.
(e) "Income" includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and
any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state.
(f) "Income-withholding order" means an order or other legal process directed to an
obligor's employer or other debtor under section 518A.53, to withhold support from the income
of the obligor.
(g) "Initiating state" means a state from which a proceeding is forwarded or in which a
proceeding is filed for forwarding to a responding state under this chapter or a law or procedure
substantially similar to this chapter, or under a law or procedure substantially similar to the
Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement
of Support Act.
(h) "Initiating tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in an initiating state.
(i) "Issuing state" means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders
a judgment determining parentage.
(j) "Issuing tribunal" means the tribunal that issues a support order or renders a judgment
determining parentage.
(k) "Law" includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force
of law.
(l) "Obligee" means:
(1) an individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a
support order has been issued or a judgment determining parentage has been rendered;
(2) a state or political subdivision to which the rights under a duty of support or support
order have been assigned or which has independent claims based on financial assistance provided
to an individual obligee; or
(3) an individual seeking a judgment determining parentage of the individual's child.
(m) "Obligor" means an individual, or the estate of a decedent:
(1) who owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;
(2) who is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child; or
(3) who is liable under a support order.
(n) "Register" means to file a support order or judgment determining parentage in the office
of the court administrator.
(o) "Registering tribunal" means a tribunal in which a support order is registered.
(p) "Responding state" means a state in which a proceeding is filed or to which a proceeding
is forwarded for filing from an initiating state under this chapter or a law or procedure substantially
similar to this chapter, or under a law or procedure substantially similar to the Uniform Reciprocal
Enforcement of Support Act or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
(q) "Responding tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in a responding state.
(r) "Spousal support order" means a support order for a spouse or former spouse of the
obligor.
(s) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the
United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of
the United States. "State" includes:
(1) an Indian tribe; and
(2) a foreign jurisdiction that has enacted a law or established procedures for issuance and
enforcement of support orders that are substantially similar to the procedures under this chapter
or the procedures under the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act or the Revised
Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
(t) "Support enforcement agency" means a public official or agency authorized to:
(1) seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;
(2) seek establishment or modification of child support;
(3) seek determination of parentage; or
(4) locate obligors or their assets.
(u) "Support order" means a judgment, decree, or order, whether temporary, final, or subject
to modification, for the benefit of a child, spouse, or former spouse, which provides for monetary
support, health care, arrearages, or reimbursement, and may include related costs and fees,
interest, income withholding, attorney's fees, and other relief.
(v) "Tribunal" means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to
establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage.
History: 1994 c 630 art 1 s 1; 1995 c 186 s 95; 1997 c 203 art 6 s 50,92; 2005 c 164 s
29; 1Sp2005 c 7 s 28