501B.41 BREACH OF TRUST; PROCEEDINGS TO SECURE COMPLIANCE.
Subdivision 1. Enforcement powers.
The attorney general may institute appropriate
proceedings to obtain compliance with sections
and the proper administration
of a charitable trust. The powers and duties of the attorney general in this section are in addition
to all other powers and duties.
Subd. 2. Participation by attorney general.
The attorney general must be notified of, and
has the right to participate as a party in, all court proceedings:
(1) to terminate a charitable trust or to liquidate or distribute its assets;
(2) to modify or depart from the objects or purposes of a charitable trust as contained in the
instrument governing the trust, including a proceeding for the application of the doctrine of cy
(3) to construe the provisions of an instrument with respect to a charitable trust;
(4) to review an accounting of a charitable trust submitted by a trustee; or
(5) involving a charitable trust when the interests of the uncertain or indefinite charitable
beneficiaries may be affected.
Subd. 3. Exemption from notice requirement.
The attorney general need not be provided
with notice under subdivision 2 of a charitable gift, devise, or bequest (1) for which the donor
or testator has named as a charitable beneficiary an organization that is then in existence; or (2)
that is not held and continued by a private express trust or corporation, whether or not the gift,
devise, or bequest creates a fiduciary relationship.
This subdivision does not affect any other notice to the attorney general required by this
Subd. 4. Failure to give notice.
If proceedings are commenced without service of process
and service of the pleadings upon the attorney general, a judgment or order rendered in the
proceedings is voidable, unenforceable, and, upon the attorney general's motion seeking relief,
may be set aside. With respect to the proceedings, no compromise, settlement agreement, contract,
or judgment agreed to by any or all of the parties having or claiming to have an interest in a
charitable trust is valid unless the attorney general was made a party to the proceedings and
joined any agreement or the attorney general, in writing, waived the right to participate. The
attorney general may enter into a compromise, settlement agreement, contract, or judgment that
the attorney general believes is in the best interests of the people of the state and the uncertain
or indefinite beneficiaries.
Subd. 5. Wills.
The personal representative shall send to the attorney general a copy of the
petition or application for probate together with a copy of the will and any codicils that are
being offered for probate:
(1) when a will provides for a bequest or devise for a charitable purpose for which there
is no named charitable beneficiary or for which there is then in existence no named charitable
(2) when a will provides for bequests or devises for charitable purposes in excess of
(3) when a will provides for a bequest or devise to a named charitable beneficiary that
is in receivership; or
(4) upon a written request served on the personal representative by a named charitable
beneficiary prior to the order allowing the final account or, in unsupervised proceedings, within 30
days after service of the final account on the charitable beneficiary.
The personal representative shall serve the documents on the attorney general and file with
the appropriate court a copy of the affidavit of service on the attorney general. If the personal
representative was requested to notify the attorney general of the probate proceedings according
to clause (4), the requesting party shall file with the court a copy of the request and the affidavit of
service on the personal representative.
If objections are filed to a will or codicil containing any bequest or devise to a charitable
trust, the person filing the objections, at least 14 days before the hearing, shall send to the attorney
general a copy of the objections, a copy of the petition or application for probate, a copy of the
will, and any codicil that has been offered for probate.
Any service upon the attorney general under this section must be made personally or by
registered or certified mail, return receipt requested. The attorney general may become a party
in the estate proceedings.
Subd. 6. Breach of trust.
The failure of a trustee to register under section
, to file
annual reports under section
, or to administer and manage property held for charitable
purposes in accordance with law or consistent with fiduciary obligations constitutes a breach of
Subd. 7. Civil actions.
The attorney general may begin a civil action in order to remedy and
redress a breach of trust, as described in subdivision 6 or as otherwise provided by law, committed
by a trustee subject to sections
. If it appears to the attorney general that a
breach of trust has been committed, the attorney general may sue for and obtain:
(1) injunctive relief against the breach of trust or threatened breach of trust;
(2) the removal of a trustee who has committed or is committing a breach of trust;
(3) the recovery of damages; and
(4) another appropriate remedy.
History: 1989 c 340 art 1 s 33