CHAPTER 322. 1919 UNIFORM LIMITED PARTNERSHIP ACT
Table of Sections
|322.03||BUSINESS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED ON.|
|322.04||CHARACTER OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.|
|322.05||NAME NOT TO CONTAIN SURNAME OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.06||LIABILITY FOR FALSE STATEMENTS IN CERTIFICATE.|
|322.07||LIMITED PARTNER NOT LIABLE TO CREDITORS.|
|322.08||ADMISSION OF ADDITIONAL LIMITED PARTNERS.|
|322.09||RIGHTS, POWERS, AND LIABILITIES OF A GENERAL PARTNER.|
|322.10||RIGHTS OF A LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.11||STATUS OF PERSON ERRONEOUSLY BELIEVING TO BE A LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.12||ONE PERSON BOTH GENERAL AND LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.13||LOANS AND OTHER BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS WITH LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.14||RELATION OF LIMITED PARTNERS INTER SE.|
|322.15||COMPENSATION OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.16||WITHDRAWAL OR REDUCTION OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.|
|322.17||LIABILITY OF LIMITED PARTNER TO PARTNERSHIP.|
|322.18||NATURE OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.|
|322.19||ASSIGNMENT OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.|
|322.20||EFFECT OF RETIREMENT, DEATH, OR INSANITY OF A GENERAL PARTNER.|
|322.21||DEATH OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.22||RIGHTS OF CREDITORS OF LIMITED PARTNER.|
|322.23||DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS.|
|322.24||WHEN CERTIFICATE SHALL BE CANCELED OR AMENDED.|
|322.25||REQUIREMENTS FOR AMENDMENT AND FOR CANCELLATION OF CERTIFICATE.|
|322.26||PARTIES TO ACTIONS.|
|322.28||RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.|
|322.29||RULES FOR CASES NOT PROVIDED FOR.|
|322.30||PROVISIONS FOR EXISTING LIMITED PARTNERSHIPS.|
A limited partnership is a partnership formed by two or more persons under the provisions of
, having as members one or more general partners and one or more limited partners.
The limited partners as such shall not be bound by the obligations of the partnership.
History: (7353) 1919 c 498 s 1
Two or more persons desiring to form a limited partnership shall:
(1) Sign and acknowledge or swear to a certificate, which shall state:
(a) the name of the partnership;
(b) the character of the business;
(c) the location of the principal place of business;
(d) the name and place of residence of each member; general and limited partners being,
(e) the term for which the partnership is to exist;
(f) the amount of cash and a description of and the agreed value of the other property
contributed by each limited partner;
(g) the additional contributions, if any, agreed to be made by each limited partner and the
times at which or events on the happening of which they shall be made;
(h) the time, if agreed upon, when the contribution of each limited partner is to be returned;
(i) the share of the profits or the other compensation by way of income which each limited
partner shall receive by reason of that partner's contribution;
(j) the right, if given, of a limited partner to substitute an assignee as contributor in that
partner's place, and the terms and conditions of the substitution;
(k) the right, if given, of the partners to admit additional limited partners;
(l) the right, if given, of one or more of the limited partners to priority over other limited
partners, as to contributions or as to compensation by the way of income, and the nature of
(m) the right, if given, of the remaining general partner or partners to continue the business
on the death, retirement, or insanity of a general partner; and
(n) the right, if given, of a limited partner to demand and receive property other than cash
in return for that partner's contribution; and
(2) Record the certificate in the office of the county recorder of the county where the
principal place of business is situated.
A limited partnership is formed if there has been substantial compliance in good faith with
the requirements of this section.
History: (7354) 1919 c 498 s 2; 1961 c 724 s 1; 1976 c 181 s 2; 1986 c 444; 2005 c 4 s 58
322.03 BUSINESS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED ON.
A limited partnership may carry on any business which a partnership without limited
partners may carry on.
History: (7355) 1919 c 498 s 3
322.04 CHARACTER OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.
The contributions of a limited partner may be cash or other property, but not services.
History: (7356) 1919 c 498 s 4
322.05 NAME NOT TO CONTAIN SURNAME OF LIMITED PARTNER.
The surname of a limited partner shall not appear in the partnership name, unless:
(1) it is also the surname of a general partner; or
(2) prior to the time when the limited partner became such the business had been carried on
under a name in which that partner's surname appeared.
A limited partner whose name appears in a partnership name contrary to the provisions
of this section is liable as a general partner to partnership creditors who extend credit to the
partnership without actual knowledge that the limited partner is not a general partner.
History: (7357) 1919 c 498 s 5; 1986 c 444
322.06 LIABILITY FOR FALSE STATEMENTS IN CERTIFICATE.
If the certificate contains a false statement, one who suffers loss by reliance on such
statement may hold liable any party to the certificate who knew the statement to be false
(1) at the time of signing the certificate, or
(2) subsequently, but within a sufficient time before the statement was relied upon to enable
the signer to cancel or amend the certificate, or to file a petition for its cancellation or amendment,
as provided in section
322.25, subdivision 3
History: (7358) 1919 c 498 s 6; 1986 c 444
322.07 LIMITED PARTNER NOT LIABLE TO CREDITORS.
A limited partner shall not become liable as a general partner without taking part in the
control of the business in addition to exercising rights and powers as a limited partner.
History: (7359) 1919 c 498 s 7; 1986 c 444
322.08 ADMISSION OF ADDITIONAL LIMITED PARTNERS.
After the formation of a limited partnership additional limited partners may be admitted
upon filing an amendment to the original certificate in accordance with the requirements of
History: (7360) 1919 c 498 s 8
322.09 RIGHTS, POWERS, AND LIABILITIES OF A GENERAL PARTNER.
A general partner shall have all the rights and powers and be subject to all the restrictions
and liabilities of a partner in a partnership without limited partners, except that without the written
consent or ratification of the specific act by all the limited partners, a general partner or all of the
general partners have no authority to
(1) do any act in contravention of the certificate;
(2) do any act which would make it impossible to carry on the ordinary business of the
(3) confess a judgment against the partnership;
(4) possess partnership property, or assign their rights in specific partnership property, for
other than a partnership purpose;
(5) admit a person as a general partner;
(6) admit a person as a limited partner unless the right so to do is given in the certificate; or
(7) continue the business with partnership property on the death, retirement, or insanity of a
general partner, unless the right so to do is given in the certificate.
History: (7361) 1919 c 498 s 9
322.10 RIGHTS OF A LIMITED PARTNER.
A limited partner shall have the same rights as a general partner to
(1) Have the partnership books kept at the principal place of business of the partnership, and
at all times to inspect and copy any of them;
(2) Have on demand full and true information of all things affecting the partnership, and a
formal account of the partnership affairs whenever circumstances render it just and reasonable; and
(3) Have a dissolution and winding up by decree of court.
A limited partner shall have the right to receive a share of the profits or other compensation
by way of income, and to the return of that partner's contribution as provided in sections
History: (7362) 1919 c 498 s 10; 1986 c 444
322.11 STATUS OF PERSON ERRONEOUSLY BELIEVING TO BE A LIMITED
A contributor to the capital of a business conducted by a person or partnership erroneously
believing that the contributor has become a limited partner in a limited partnership is not, by
reason of the exercise of the rights of a limited partnership, a general partner with the person
or in the partnership carrying on the business, or bound by the obligations of such person or
partnership; provided, that, on ascertaining the mistake, the contributor promptly renounces
interest in the profits of the business, or other compensation by way of income.
History: (7363) 1919 c 498 s 11; 1986 c 444
322.12 ONE PERSON BOTH GENERAL AND LIMITED PARTNER.
A person may be a general and a limited partner in the same partnership at the same time.
A person who is a general, and also at the same time a limited, partner shall have all the
rights and powers and be subject to all the restrictions of a general partner; except that, in respect
to contribution, the person shall have the rights against the other members as if the person were
not also a general partner.
History: (7364) 1919 c 498 s 12; 1986 c 444
322.13 LOANS AND OTHER BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS WITH LIMITED PARTNER.
A limited partner also may loan money to and transact other business with the partnership,
and, unless also a general partner, receive on account of resulting claims against the partnership,
with general creditors, a pro rata share of the assets. No limited partner shall, in respect to any
(1) receive or hold as collateral security any partnership property, or
(2) receive from a general partner or the partnership any payment, conveyance, or release
from liability, if at the time the assets of the partnership are not sufficient to discharge partnership
liabilities to persons not claiming as general or limited partners.
The receiving of collateral security, or a payment, conveyance, or release, in violation of the
provisions of this section, is a fraud on the creditors of the partnership.
History: (7365) 1919 c 498 s 13; 1986 c 444
322.14 RELATION OF LIMITED PARTNERS INTER SE.
Where there are several limited partners the members may agree that one or more of
the limited partners shall have a priority over other limited partners as to the return of their
contributions, as to their compensation by way of income, or as to any other matter. If such an
agreement is made it shall be stated in the certificate and, in the absence of such a statement, all
the limited partners shall stand upon equal footing.
History: (7366) 1919 c 498 s 14
322.15 COMPENSATION OF LIMITED PARTNER.
A limited partner may receive from the partnership the share of the profits or the
compensation by way of income stipulated for in the certificate; provided, that, after such payment
is made, whether from the property of the partnership or that of a general partner, the partnership
assets are in excess of all liabilities of the partnership except liabilities to limited partners on
account of their contributions and to general partners.
History: (7367) 1919 c 498 s 15
322.16 WITHDRAWAL OR REDUCTION OF LIMITED PARTNER'S CONTRIBUTION.
Subdivision 1. Return of contribution.
A limited partner shall not receive from a general
partner or out of partnership property any part of contribution until
(1) all liabilities of the partnership, except liabilities to general partners and to limited
partners on account of their contributions, have been paid or there remains property of the
partnership sufficient to pay them;
(2) the consent of all members is had, unless the return of the contribution may be rightfully
demanded under the provisions of subdivision 2; and
(3) the certificate is canceled or so amended as to set forth the withdrawal or reduction.
Subd. 2. Demand.
Subject to the provisions of subdivision 1, a limited partner may rightfully
demand the return of contribution
(1) on the dissolution of a partnership, or
(2) when the date specified in the certificate for its return has arrived, or
(3) after giving six months' notice, in writing, to all other members, if no time is specified in
the certificate either for the return of the contribution or for the dissolution of the partnership.
Subd. 3. Cash received in return for contribution.
In the absence of any statement in the
certificate to the contrary or the consent of all members, a limited partner, irrespective of the
nature of contribution, has only the right to demand and receive cash in return for contribution.
Subd. 4. Right to dissolution.
A limited partner may have the partnership dissolved and
its affairs wound up
(1) upon rightfully but unsuccessfully demanding the return of contribution, or
(2) when the other liabilities of the partnership have not been paid, or the partnership
property is insufficient for their payment, as required by subdivision 1, clause (1), and the limited
partner would otherwise be entitled to the return of contribution.
History: (7368) 1919 c 498 s 16; 1986 c 444
322.17 LIABILITY OF LIMITED PARTNER TO PARTNERSHIP.
Subdivision 1. Liability.
A limited partner is liable to the partnership
(1) for the difference between contribution as actually made and that stated in the certificate
as having been made, and
(2) for any unpaid contribution which the limited partner agreed in the certificate to make in
the future at the time and on the conditions stated in the certificate.
Subd. 2. Holding as trustee.
A limited partner holds as trustee for the partnership
(1) specific property stated in the certificate as contributed by that partner but which was not
contributed or which has been wrongfully returned, and
(2) money or other property wrongfully paid or conveyed to that partner on account of
Subd. 3. Waiver or compromise.
The liabilities of a limited partner, as set forth in this
section, can be waived or compromised only by the consent of all members; but a waiver or
compromise shall not affect the right of a creditor of a partnership, who extended credit or whose
claim arose after the filing and before a cancellation or amendment of the certificate, to enforce
Subd. 4. Discharge of liabilities.
When a contributor has rightfully received the return, in
whole or in part, of a capital contribution, the contributor is nevertheless liable to the partnership
for any sum, not in excess of such return with interest, necessary to discharge its liabilities to all
creditors who extended credit or whose claims arose before such return.
History: (7369) 1919 c 498 s 17; 1986 c 444
322.18 NATURE OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.
A limited partner's interest in the partnership is personal property.
History: (7370) 1919 c 498 s 18
322.19 ASSIGNMENT OF LIMITED PARTNER'S INTEREST.
A limited partner's interest is assignable.
A substituted limited partner is a person admitted to all the rights of a limited partner who
has died or has assigned an interest in a partnership.
An assignee, who does not become a substituted limited partner, has no right to require any
information or account of the partnership transactions or to inspect the partnership books, but,
rather is only entitled to receive the share of the profits or other compensation by way of income,
or the return of a contribution, to which the assignor would otherwise be entitled.
An assignee shall have the right to become a substituted limited partner if all the members,
except the assignor, consent thereto or if the assignor, being thereunto empowered by the
certificate, gives the assignee that right.
An assignee becomes a substituted limited partner when the certificate is appropriately
amended in accordance with section
The substituted limited partner has all the rights and powers, and is subject to all the
restrictions and liabilities, of the assignor, except those liabilities of which the substitute was
ignorant at the time of becoming a limited partner and which could not be ascertained from
The substitution of the assignee as a limited partner does not release the assignor from
liability to the partnership under sections
History: (7371) 1919 c 498 s 19; 1986 c 444
322.20 EFFECT OF RETIREMENT, DEATH, OR INSANITY OF A GENERAL
The retirement, death, or insanity of a general partner dissolves the partnership, unless the
business is continued by the remaining general partners
(1) under a right so to do stated in the certificate, or
(2) with the consent of all members.
History: (7372) 1919 c 498 s 20
322.21 DEATH OF LIMITED PARTNER.
On the death of a limited partner the executor or administrator shall have all the rights of
a limited partner for the purpose of settling the estate, and such power as the deceased had to
constitute an assignee a substituted limited partner.
The estate of a deceased limited partner shall be liable for all the decedent's liabilities as
History: (7373) 1919 c 498 s 21; 1986 c 444
322.22 RIGHTS OF CREDITORS OF LIMITED PARTNER.
On due application to a court of competent jurisdiction by any judgment creditor of a limited
partner, the court may charge the interest of the indebted limited partner with payment of the
unsatisfied amount of the judgment debt; and may appoint a receiver, and make all other orders,
directions and inquiries which the circumstances of the case may require.
The interest may be redeemed with the separate property of any general partner, but may
not be redeemed with partnership property.
The remedies conferred by this section shall not be deemed exclusive of others which may
Nothing in this chapter shall be held to deprive a limited partner of a statutory exemption.
History: (7374) 1919 c 498 s 22; 1986 c 444
322.23 DISTRIBUTION OF ASSETS.
In settling accounts after dissolution the liabilities of the partnership shall be entitled to
payment in the following order:
(1) those to creditors, in the order of priority as provided by law, except those to limited
partners on account of their contributions, and to general partners;
(2) those to limited partners in respect to their share of the profits and other compensation by
way of income on their contributions;
(3) those to limited partners in respect to the capital of their contributions;
(4) those to general partners other than for capital and profits;
(5) those to general partners in respect to profits; and
(6) those to general partners in respect to capital.
Subject to any statement in the certificate or to subsequent agreement, limited partners share
in the partnership assets in respect to their claims for capital, and in respect to their claims for
profits or for compensation by way of income on their contributions, respectively, in proportion to
the respective amounts of such claims.
History: (7375) 1919 c 498 s 23
322.24 WHEN CERTIFICATE SHALL BE CANCELED OR AMENDED.
The certificate shall be canceled when the partnership is dissolved or all limited partners
cease to be such.
A certificate shall be amended when
(1) there is a change in the name of the partnership or in the amount or character of the
contribution of any limited partner;
(2) a person is substituted as a limited partner;
(3) an additional limited partner is admitted;
(4) a person is admitted as a general partner;
(5) a general partner retires, dies, or becomes insane, and the business is continued under
(6) there is a change in the character of the business of the partnership;
(7) there is a false or erroneous statement in the certificate;
(8) there is a change in the time as stated in the certificate for the dissolution of the
partnership or for the return of the contribution;
(9) a time is fixed for the dissolution of the partnership, or the return of a contribution, no
time having been specified in the certificate; or
(10) the members desire to make a change in any other statement in the certificate in order
that it shall accurately represent the agreement between them.
History: (7376) 1919 c 498 s 24
322.25 REQUIREMENTS FOR AMENDMENT AND FOR CANCELLATION OF
Subdivision 1. Contents.
The writing to amend a certificate shall
(1) Conform to the requirements of section
, clause (1) (a), as far as necessary to set
forth clearly the change in the certificate which it is desired to make; and
(2) Be signed and acknowledged or sworn to by all members, and an amendment substituting
a limited partner or adding a limited or general partner shall be signed also by the member to
be substituted or added, and when a limited partner is to be substituted the amendment shall
also be signed by the assigning limited partner.
Subd. 2. All members sign.
The writing to cancel a certificate shall be signed by all members.
Subd. 3. Petition to court.
A person desiring the cancellation or amendment of a certificate,
if any person designated in subdivisions 1 and 2 as a person who must execute the writing refuses
to do so, may petition the district court to direct a cancellation or amendment thereof.
Subd. 4. Decree of court.
If the court finds that the petitioner has a right to have the writing
executed by a person who refuses to do so, it shall order the county recorder in the office where
the certificate is recorded to record the cancellation or amendment of the certificate; and where
the certificate is to be amended, the court shall also cause to be recorded in that office a certified
copy of its decree setting forth the amendment.
Subd. 5. When effective.
A certificate is amended or canceled when there is filed for record
in the registry of deeds where the certificate is recorded
(1) A writing in accordance with the provisions of subdivision 1 or subdivision 2, or
(2) A certified copy of the order of the court in accordance with the provisions of subdivision
Subd. 6. Amended certificate.
After the certificate is duly amended in accordance with this
section, the amended certificate shall thereafter be, for all purposes, the certificate provided for
by this chapter.
History: (7377) 1919 c 498 s 25; 1951 c 214 s 1; 1961 c 724 s 2; 1976 c 181 s 2; 2005 c 4 s 59
322.26 PARTIES TO ACTIONS.
A contributor, unless a general partner, is not a proper party to proceedings by or against a
partnership, except where the object is to enforce a limited partner's right against or liability to
History: (7378) 1919 c 498 s 26; 1986 c 444
This chapter may be cited as the Uniform Limited Partnership Act.
History: (7379) 1919 c 498 s 27
322.28 RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.
The rules that statutes in derogation of the common law are to be strictly construed shall
have no application to this chapter.
This chapter shall be so interpreted and construed as to effect its general purpose to make
uniform the law of those states which enact it.
This chapter shall not be so construed as to impair the obligations of any contract existing
when the chapter became effective, nor to affect any action or proceeding begun or right accrued
before this chapter became effective.
History: (7380) 1919 c 498 s 28
322.29 RULES FOR CASES NOT PROVIDED FOR.
In any case not provided for in this chapter the rules of law and equity, including the law
merchant, shall govern.
History: (7381) 1919 c 498 s 29
322.30 PROVISIONS FOR EXISTING LIMITED PARTNERSHIPS.
A limited partnership formed under any statute of this state prior to the adoption of this
chapter may become a limited partnership under this chapter by complying with the provisions of
; provided the certificate sets forth
(1) The amount of the original contribution of each limited partner, and the time when the
contribution was made, and
(2) That the property of the partnership exceeds the amount sufficient to discharge its
liabilities to persons not claiming as general or limited partners by an amount greater than the
sum of the contributions of its limited partners.
A limited partnership formed under any statute of this state prior to the adoption of this
chapter, until or unless it becomes a limited partnership under this chapter, shall continue to be
governed by the provisions of General Statutes 1913, chapter 57, except that such partnership
shall not be renewed unless so provided in the original agreement.
History: (7382) 1919 c 498 s 30
Except as affecting existing limited partnerships to the extent set forth in section
General Statutes 1913, chapter 57, is hereby repealed.
History: (7383) 1919 c 498 s 31