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28A.15 EXCLUSIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Licensing provisions applicability. The licensing provisions of sections
28A.01 to 28A.16 shall not apply to the following:
    Subd. 2. Sales by farmers; others not in food business. Persons selling the products of
the farm or garden occupied and cultivated by them, or to persons not regularly engaged in the
business of manufacturing and selling food and who prepare food only on order of and for sale
directly to the ultimate consumer, or to educational, charitable or religious organizations not
regularly engaged in the business of manufacturing, processing, or selling food at their established
educational, charitable or religious institutions.
    Subd. 3. Farmer slaughtering personal animals. A farmer slaughtering personal animals,
rabbits or poultry, on the farmer's own farm for: (a) personal use; or (b) the use of the farmer's
immediate family.
    Subd. 4. Chapter 221 permittees; warehouse operators. Trucks operating under a
certificate or permit issued pursuant to chapter 221 or warehouse operators, other than cold
storage warehouse operators, offering storage or warehouse facilities for compensation.
    Subd. 5. Section 157.16 or 327.15 licensees. Persons whose principal mode of business is
licensed under section 157.16 or 327.15; provided that the holding of any license pursuant to
section 157.16 or 327.15 shall not exempt any person from the applicable requirements of the
laws and rules administered by the commissioner, as they relate to composition, standards of
identity, adulteration, labeling or misbranding of food.
    Subd. 6.[Repealed, 1978 c 502 s 3]
    Subd. 7. Ice; soft drinks; snacks. Persons whose principal business is not food handling
but who sell only ice manufactured and prepackaged by another, bottled or canned soft drinks,
prepackaged candy or nuts at retail, or persons who for their own convenience or the convenience
of their employees have available for rehydration and consumption on the premises such
nonperishable items as dehydrated coffee, soup, hot chocolate or other dehydrated food or
beverage.
    Subd. 8. Licensed pharmacy. A licensed pharmacy selling only food additives, food
supplements, canned or prepackaged infant formulae, ice manufactured and packaged by another,
or bottled or canned soft drinks and prepackaged candy or nuts at retail.
    Subd. 9. Community event or farmers' market. An individual who prepares and sells
food that is not potentially hazardous food, as defined in rules adopted under section 31.11, at
a community event or farmers' market with gross receipts of $5,000 or less in a calendar year
from the prepared food items. If the food is not prepared in a kitchen that is licensed or inspected,
the seller must post a visible sign or placard stating that: "These products are homemade and
not subject to state inspection." Prepared foods sold under this subdivision must be labeled to
accurately reflect the name and address of the person preparing and selling the foods.
    Subd. 10. Certain home-processed and home-canned foods. (a) A person who receives
less than $5,000 in gross receipts in a calendar year from the sale of home-processed and
home-canned food products and meets the requirements in clauses (1) to (5):
(1) the products are pickles, vegetables, or fruits having an equilibrium pH value of 4.6
or lower;
(2) the products are home-processed and home-canned in Minnesota;
(3) the products are sold or offered for sale at a community or social event or a farmers'
market in Minnesota;
(4) the seller displays at the point of sale a clearly legible sign or placard stating: "These
canned goods are homemade and not subject to state inspection" unless the products were
processed and canned in a kitchen that is licensed or inspected; and
(5) each container of the product sold or offered for sale under this exemption is accurately
labeled to provide the name and address of the person who processed and canned the goods and
the date on which the goods were processed and canned.
(b) A person who qualifies for an exemption under paragraph (a) is also exempt from the
provisions of sections 31.31 and 31.392.
(c) A person claiming an exemption under this subdivision is urged to:
(1) attend and successfully complete a better process school recognized by the commissioner;
and
(2) have the recipe and manufacturing process reviewed by a person knowledgeable in the
food canning industry and recognized by the commissioner as a process authority.
(d) The commissioner, in close cooperation with the commissioner of health and the
Minnesota Extension Service, shall attempt to maximize the availability of information and
technical services and support for persons who wish to home process and home can low acid
and acidified food products.
History: 1971 c 339 s 15; 1974 c 2 s 2-4; 1975 c 412 s 13; 1980 c 509 s 17; 1985 c 237 s 1;
1985 c 248 s 70; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 384 art 2 s 7; 1992 c 602 s 1,2; 1996 c 407 s 21-23; 1996 c
451 art 4 s 70; 2002 c 383 s 1; 2004 c 254 s 5; 2006 c 265 s 2