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259.22 PETITION.
    Subdivision 1. Who may petition. Any person who has resided in the state for one year
or more may petition to adopt a child or an adult, and the same petitioner may petition for the
adoption of two or more persons in one petition. The provisions as to length of residence in the
state may be reduced to 30 days by the court whenever it appears to be for the best interest of
the child.
The court may waive any residence requirement of this section if the petitioner is an
individual who is related, as defined in section 245A.02, subdivision 13, or a member of a child's
extended family or important friends with whom the child has resided or had significant contact.
    Subd. 2. Children who may be adopted. No petition for adoption shall be filed unless
the child sought to be adopted has been placed by the commissioner of human services, the
commissioner's agent, or a licensed child-placing agency. The provisions of this subdivision
shall not apply if
(a) the child is over 14 years of age;
(b) the child is sought to be adopted by an individual who is related to the child, as defined
by section 245A.02, subdivision 13;
(c) the child has been lawfully placed under the laws of another state while the child and
petitioner resided in that other state;
(d) the court waives the requirement of this subdivision in the best interests of the child
or petitioners, provided that the adoption does not involve a placement as defined in section
259.21, subdivision 8; or
(e) the child has been lawfully placed under section 259.47.
    Subd. 3. Placements prior to August 1, 1974. This section shall not apply to placements
made prior to August 1, 1974. Any placement made prior to that date may be finalized by a
petition for adoption.
    Subd. 4. Time for filing petition. A petition shall be filed not later than 12 months after a
child is placed in a prospective adoptive home. If a petition is not filed by that time, the agency
that placed the child, or, in a direct adoptive placement, the agency that is supervising the
placement shall file with the district court in the county where the prospective adoptive parent
resides a motion for an order and a report recommending one of the following:
(1) that the time for filing a petition be extended because of the child's special needs as
defined under title IV-E of the Social Security Act, United States Code, title 42, section 673;
(2) that, based on a written plan for completing filing of the petition, including a specific
timeline, to which the prospective adoptive parents have agreed, the time for filing a petition be
extended long enough to complete the plan because such an extension is in the best interests of
the child and additional time is needed for the child to adjust to the adoptive home; or
(3) that the child be removed from the prospective adoptive home.
The prospective adoptive parent must reimburse an agency for the cost of preparing
and filing the motion and report under this section, unless the costs are reimbursed by the
commissioner under section 259.67 or 259.73.
History: 1951 c 508 s 2; 1974 c 499 s 1; 1984 c 654 art 5 s 58; 1986 c 444; 1994 c 631 s
12-14,31; 1997 c 177 s 5,6; 1998 c 406 art 1 s 16,37; 1998 c 407 art 9 s 15