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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Chapter 245C

Section 245C.15

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245C.15 DISQUALIFYING CRIMES OR CONDUCT.
    Subdivision 1. Permanent disqualification. (a) An individual is disqualified under section
245C.14 if: (1) regardless of how much time has passed since the discharge of the sentence
imposed, if any, for the offense; and (2) unless otherwise specified, regardless of the level of the
offense, the individual has committed any of the following offenses: sections 609.185 (murder in
the first degree); 609.19 (murder in the second degree); 609.195 (murder in the third degree);
609.20 (manslaughter in the first degree); 609.205 (manslaughter in the second degree); 609.221
or 609.222 (assault in the first or second degree); a felony offense under sections 609.2242
and 609.2243 (domestic assault), spousal abuse, child abuse or neglect, or a crime against
children; 609.228 (great bodily harm caused by distribution of drugs); 609.245 (aggravated
robbery); 609.25 (kidnapping); 609.2661 (murder of an unborn child in the first degree); 609.2662
(murder of an unborn child in the second degree); 609.2663 (murder of an unborn child in
the third degree); 609.322 (solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution); a felony
offense under 609.324, subdivision 1 (other prohibited acts); 609.342 (criminal sexual conduct
in the first degree); 609.343 (criminal sexual conduct in the second degree); 609.344 (criminal
sexual conduct in the third degree); 609.345 (criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree);
609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree); 609.3453 (criminal sexual predatory
conduct); 609.352 (solicitation of children to engage in sexual conduct); 609.365 (incest); a
felony offense under 609.377 (malicious punishment of a child); a felony offense under 609.378
(neglect or endangerment of a child); 609.561 (arson in the first degree); 609.66, subdivision 1e
(drive-by shooting); 609.749, subdivision 3, 4, or 5 (felony-level harassment; stalking); 609.855,
subdivision 5
(shooting at or in a public transit vehicle or facility); 617.246 (use of minors in
sexual performance prohibited); or 617.247 (possession of pictorial representations of minors).
An individual also is disqualified under section 245C.14 regardless of how much time has passed
since the involuntary termination of the individual's parental rights under section 260C.301.
(b) An individual's aiding and abetting, attempt, or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses
listed in paragraph (a), as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota Statutes, permanently
disqualifies the individual under section 245C.14.
(c) An individual's offense in any other state or country, where the elements of the offense
are substantially similar to any of the offenses listed in paragraph (a), permanently disqualifies the
individual under section 245C.14.
(d) When a disqualification is based on a judicial determination other than a conviction,
the disqualification period begins from the date of the court order. When a disqualification is
based on an admission, the disqualification period begins from the date of an admission in court.
When a disqualification is based on a preponderance of evidence of a disqualifying act, the
disqualification date begins from the date of the dismissal, the date of discharge of the sentence
imposed for a conviction for a disqualifying crime of similar elements, or the date of the incident,
whichever occurs last.
    Subd. 2. 15-year disqualification. (a) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if:
(1) less than 15 years have passed since the discharge of the sentence imposed, if any, for the
offense; and (2) the individual has committed a felony-level violation of any of the following
offenses: sections 256.98 (wrongfully obtaining assistance); 268.182 (false representation;
concealment of facts); 393.07, subdivision 10, paragraph (c) (federal Food Stamp Program fraud);
609.165 (felon ineligible to possess firearm); 609.21 (criminal vehicular homicide and injury);
609.215 (suicide); 609.223 or 609.2231 (assault in the third or fourth degree); repeat offenses
under 609.224 (assault in the fifth degree); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult);
609.2335 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.235 (use of drugs to injure or facilitate
crime); 609.24 (simple robbery); 609.255 (false imprisonment); 609.2664 (manslaughter of an
unborn child in the first degree); 609.2665 (manslaughter of an unborn child in the second degree);
609.267 (assault of an unborn child in the first degree); 609.2671 (assault of an unborn child in the
second degree); 609.268 (injury or death of an unborn child in the commission of a crime); 609.27
(coercion); 609.275 (attempt to coerce); repeat offenses under 609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct
in the fifth degree); 609.466 (medical assistance fraud); 609.498, subdivision 1 or 1b (aggravated
first degree or first degree tampering with a witness); 609.52 (theft); 609.521 (possession of
shoplifting gear); 609.525 (bringing stolen goods into Minnesota); 609.527 (identity theft);
609.53 (receiving stolen property); 609.535 (issuance of dishonored checks); 609.562 (arson in
the second degree); 609.563 (arson in the third degree); 609.582 (burglary); 609.611 (insurance
fraud); 609.625 (aggravated forgery); 609.63 (forgery); 609.631 (check forgery; offering a forged
check); 609.635 (obtaining signature by false pretense); 609.66 (dangerous weapons); 609.67
(machine guns and short-barreled shotguns); 609.687 (adulteration); 609.71 (riot); 609.713
(terroristic threats); 609.82 (fraud in obtaining credit); 609.821 (financial transaction card fraud);
repeat offenses under 617.23 (indecent exposure; penalties); repeat offenses under 617.241
(obscene materials and performances; distribution and exhibition prohibited; penalty); chapter
152 (drugs; controlled substance); or a felony-level conviction involving alcohol or drug use.
(b) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than 15 years has passed since
the individual's aiding and abetting, attempt, or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses listed in
paragraph (a), as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota Statutes.
(c) For foster care and family child care an individual is disqualified under section 245C.14
if less than 15 years has passed since the individual's voluntary termination of the individual's
parental rights under section 260C.301, subdivision 1, paragraph (b), or 260C.301, subdivision 3.
(d) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than 15 years has passed since
the discharge of the sentence imposed for an offense in any other state or country, the elements of
which are substantially similar to the elements of the offenses listed in paragraph (a).
(e) If the individual studied is convicted of one of the felonies listed in paragraph (a), but
the sentence is a gross misdemeanor or misdemeanor disposition, the individual is disqualified
but the disqualification lookback period for the conviction is the period applicable to the gross
misdemeanor or misdemeanor disposition.
(f) When a disqualification is based on a judicial determination other than a conviction,
the disqualification period begins from the date of the court order. When a disqualification is
based on an admission, the disqualification period begins from the date of an admission in court.
When a disqualification is based on a preponderance of evidence of a disqualifying act, the
disqualification date begins from the date of the dismissal, the date of discharge of the sentence
imposed for a conviction for a disqualifying crime of similar elements, or the date of the incident,
whichever occurs last.
    Subd. 3. Ten-year disqualification. (a) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14
if: (1) less than ten years have passed since the discharge of the sentence imposed, if any, for
the offense; and (2) the individual has committed a gross misdemeanor-level violation of any
of the following offenses: sections 256.98 (wrongfully obtaining assistance); 268.182 (false
representation; concealment of facts); 393.07, subdivision 10, paragraph (c) (federal Food Stamp
Program fraud); 609.224 (assault in the fifth degree); 609.224, subdivision 2, paragraph (c)
(assault in the fifth degree by a caregiver against a vulnerable adult); 609.2242 and 609.2243
(domestic assault); 609.23 (mistreatment of persons confined); 609.231 (mistreatment of residents
or patients); 609.2325 (criminal abuse of a vulnerable adult); 609.233 (criminal neglect of a
vulnerable adult); 609.2335 (financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.234 (failure to
report maltreatment of a vulnerable adult); 609.265 (abduction); 609.275 (attempt to coerce);
609.324, subdivision 1a (other prohibited acts; minor engaged in prostitution); 609.33 (disorderly
house); 609.3451 (criminal sexual conduct in the fifth degree); 609.377 (malicious punishment
of a child); 609.378 (neglect or endangerment of a child); 609.466 (medical assistance fraud);
609.52 (theft); 609.525 (bringing stolen goods into Minnesota); 609.527 (identity theft); 609.53
(receiving stolen property); 609.535 (issuance of dishonored checks); 609.582 (burglary); 609.611
(insurance fraud); 609.631 (check forgery; offering a forged check); 609.66 (dangerous weapons);
609.71 (riot); 609.72, subdivision 3 (disorderly conduct against a vulnerable adult); repeat
offenses under 609.746 (interference with privacy); 609.749, subdivision 2 (harassment; stalking);
repeat offenses under 617.23 (indecent exposure); 617.241 (obscene materials and performances);
617.243 (indecent literature, distribution); 617.293 (harmful materials; dissemination and display
to minors prohibited); or violation of an order for protection under section 518B.01, subdivision
14
.
(b) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than ten years has passed since
the individual's aiding and abetting, attempt, or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses listed in
paragraph (a), as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota Statutes.
(c) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than ten years has passed since
the discharge of the sentence imposed for an offense in any other state or country, the elements of
which are substantially similar to the elements of any of the offenses listed in paragraph (a).
(d) If the defendant is convicted of one of the gross misdemeanors listed in paragraph (a), but
the sentence is a misdemeanor disposition, the individual is disqualified but the disqualification
lookback period for the conviction is the period applicable to misdemeanors.
(e) When a disqualification is based on a judicial determination other than a conviction,
the disqualification period begins from the date of the court order. When a disqualification is
based on an admission, the disqualification period begins from the date of an admission in court.
When a disqualification is based on a preponderance of evidence of a disqualifying act, the
disqualification date begins from the date of the dismissal, the date of discharge of the sentence
imposed for a conviction for a disqualifying crime of similar elements, or the date of the incident,
whichever occurs last.
    Subd. 4. Seven-year disqualification. (a) An individual is disqualified under section
245C.14 if: (1) less than seven years has passed since the discharge of the sentence imposed, if
any, for the offense; and (2) the individual has committed a misdemeanor-level violation of any
of the following offenses: sections 256.98 (wrongfully obtaining assistance); 268.182 (false
representation; concealment of facts); 393.07, subdivision 10, paragraph (c) (federal Food Stamp
Program fraud); 609.224 (assault in the fifth degree); 609.2242 (domestic assault); 609.2335
(financial exploitation of a vulnerable adult); 609.234 (failure to report maltreatment of a
vulnerable adult); 609.2672 (assault of an unborn child in the third degree); 609.27 (coercion);
violation of an order for protection under 609.3232 (protective order authorized; procedures;
penalties); 609.466 (medical assistance fraud); 609.52 (theft); 609.525 (bringing stolen goods into
Minnesota); 609.527 (identity theft); 609.53 (receiving stolen property); 609.535 (issuance of
dishonored checks); 609.611 (insurance fraud); 609.66 (dangerous weapons); 609.665 (spring
guns); 609.746 (interference with privacy); 609.79 (obscene or harassing telephone calls);
609.795 (letter, telegram, or package; opening; harassment); 609.82 (fraud in obtaining credit);
609.821 (financial transaction card fraud); 617.23 (indecent exposure; penalties); 617.293
(harmful materials; dissemination and display to minors prohibited); or violation of an order for
protection under section 518B.01 (Domestic Abuse Act).
(b) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than seven years has passed
since a determination or disposition of the individual's:
(1) failure to make required reports under section 626.556, subdivision 3, or 626.557,
subdivision 3
, for incidents in which: (i) the final disposition under section 626.556 or 626.557
was substantiated maltreatment, and (ii) the maltreatment was recurring or serious; or
(2) substantiated serious or recurring maltreatment of a minor under section 626.556, a
vulnerable adult under section 626.557, or serious or recurring maltreatment in any other state, the
elements of which are substantially similar to the elements of maltreatment under section 626.556
or 626.557 for which: (i) there is a preponderance of evidence that the maltreatment occurred, and
(ii) the subject was responsible for the maltreatment.
(c) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than seven years has passed
since the individual's aiding and abetting, attempt, or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses
listed in paragraphs (a) and (b), as each of these offenses is defined in Minnesota Statutes.
(d) An individual is disqualified under section 245C.14 if less than seven years has passed
since the discharge of the sentence imposed for an offense in any other state or country, the
elements of which are substantially similar to the elements of any of the offenses listed in
paragraphs (a) and (b).
(e) When a disqualification is based on a judicial determination other than a conviction,
the disqualification period begins from the date of the court order. When a disqualification is
based on an admission, the disqualification period begins from the date of an admission in court.
When a disqualification is based on a preponderance of evidence of a disqualifying act, the
disqualification date begins from the date of the dismissal, the date of discharge of the sentence
imposed for a conviction for a disqualifying crime of similar elements, or the date of the incident,
whichever occurs last.
    Subd. 5. Mental illness. The commissioner may not disqualify an individual subject to a
background study under this chapter because that individual has, or has had, a mental illness as
defined in section 245.462, subdivision 20.
History: 2003 c 15 art 1 s 15; 1Sp2003 c 14 art 6 s 7; 2004 c 288 art 1 s 51-53; 2005 c
136 art 6 s 2; 1Sp2005 c 4 art 1 s 30-33; 2006 c 212 art 3 s 17