Subdivision 1. Scope.
The definitions in this section apply to sections
Subd. 2. Approved laboratory methods.
"Approved laboratory methods" means methods
described in the latest edition of the "Procedures for the Detection and Identification of Certain
Fish Pathogens" published by the American Fisheries Society Fish Health Section known as
the Fish Health Blue Book.
Subd. 2a. Aquaculture therapeutics.
"Aquaculture therapeutics" means drugs, medications,
and disease control chemicals that are approved for aquaculture use by the United States Food and
Drug Administration or the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Subd. 3. Aquarium facilities.
"Aquarium facilities" means facilities that rear or hold private
aquatic life for sale for aquarium or display purposes.
Subd. 4. Aquatic farm.
"Aquatic farm" means a licensed facility used for hatching, raising,
rearing, and culturing private aquatic life in waters and preparing aquatic life for sale, including,
but not limited to, ponds, vats, tanks, raceways, and other indoor or outdoor facilities that an
aquatic farmer owns or waters of which an aquatic farmer has the use.
Subd. 5. Aquatic life.
"Aquatic life" has the meaning given to "private aquatic life" in
17.47, subdivision 7
, and for purposes of commercial transactions, aquatic life is livestock.
Subd. 6. Certifiable diseases.
"Certifiable diseases" include channel catfish virus, bacterial
kidney disease, bacterial furunculosis, enteric redmouth disease, enteric septicemia of catfish,
infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus, infectious pancreatic necrosis virus, whirling disease,
proliferative kidney disease, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus, epizootic epitheliotropic virus,
ceratomyxosis, and any emergency disease.
Subd. 7. Commissioner.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of natural resources.
Subd. 8. Containment facility.
"Containment facility" means a licensed facility for
salmonids or catfish that complies with clauses (1), (3), and (4), or clauses (2), (3), and (4):
(1) disinfects its effluent to the standards in section
before the effluent is discharged
to public waters;
(2) does not discharge to public waters or to waters of the state directly connected to public
(3) raises aquatic life that is prohibited from being released into the wild and must be kept in
a facility approved by the commissioner unless processed for food consumption;
(4) contains aquatic life requiring a fish health inspection prior to transportation.
Subd. 8a. Emergency enzootic disease area.
"Emergency enzootic disease area" means an
enzootic disease area that harbors an emergency fish disease. Trout, salmon, or catfish species
are from an emergency enzootic disease area only if the individual species in question can carry
one or more of the emergency fish disease pathogens present.
Subd. 9. Emergency fish disease.
"Emergency fish disease" means designated fish diseases
not already present in this state that could impact populations of aquatic life if inadvertently
released by infected aquatic life, including channel catfish virus, viral hemorrhagic septicemia
virus, infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus, infectious pancreatic necrosis virus, whirling
disease, ceratomyxosis, proliferative kidney disease, and epizootic epitheliotropic virus disease.
Subd. 10. Enzootic disease area.
"Enzootic disease area" means an area with well-defined
geographic boundaries which harbors one or more certifiable diseases pathogens.
Subd. 11. Fish Health Blue Book.
"Fish Health Blue Book" means the standardized set of
procedures and guidelines established and published by the American Fisheries Society Fish
Health Section for the detection and isolation of fish pathogens.
Subd. 12. Fish health inspection.
"Fish health inspection" means an on-site, statistically
based sampling in accordance with processes in the Fish Health Blue Book for all lots of fish
in a facility. The inspection must include at least viral testing of ovarian fluids at the 95 percent
confidence level of detecting two percent incidence of disease (ovarian fluids must be sampled for
certification of viral hemorrhagic septicemia and infectious hematopoietic necrosis). Bacterial
diseases must be sampled at the 95 percent confidence level with a five percent incidence of
disease. The inspection must be performed by a fish health inspector in cooperation with the
producer with subsequent examination of the collected tissues and fluids for the detection of
Subd. 13. Fish health inspector.
"Fish health inspector" means an individual certified as a
fish health inspector by the American Fisheries Society or state, federal, or provincial resource
management agency, except that a certification may not be made by an inspector who has a
conflict of interest in connection with the outcome of the certification.
Subd. 14. Game fish.
"Game fish" has the meaning given in section
, except that green or orange spotted sunfish are not game fish for purposes of determining fish
of significant public value.
Subd. 15. Intensive culture.
"Intensive culture" means the rearing of fish at densities greater
than can be supported in the natural environment.
Subd. 16. Licensed facility.
"Licensed facility" means a licensed aquatic farm, including
all licensed waters.
Subd. 17. Lot.
"Lot" means a group of fish of the same species and age that originated from
the same discrete spawning population and that always have shared a common water supply, or
various age groups of adult brood stock of the same species that have shared the same containers
for one brood cycle.
Subd. 18. Minnows.
"Minnows" has the meaning given in section
97A.015, subdivision 29
except the 12-inch restriction on sucker minnows does not apply.
Subd. 18a. Nonindigenous species.
"Nonindigenous species" means a species of fish
or other aquatic life that is:
(1) not known to have been historically present in the state;
(2) not known to be naturally occurring in a particular part of the state; or
(3) designated by rule as a prohibited or regulated invasive species.
Subd. 18b. Nonindigenous strain.
"Nonindigenous strain" means a species of fish or other
aquatic life that:
(1) has an original source outside of this state and contiguous states;
(2) is an unnaturally occurring hybrid or genetically engineered species; or
(3) in areas north of marked State Highway 210, is a walleye, the original source of which is
from south of marked State Highway 210 or from outside the state.
Subd. 18c. Processing.
"Processing" means rendering a species of aquatic life for food, bait,
or other purposes so that it is no longer alive.
Subd. 19. Public waters.
"Public waters" has the meaning given in section
Subd. 20. Quarantine facility.
"Quarantine facility" means a culture system that is enclosed
in a building and is separated from other fish culture facilities where fish can be isolated and
maintained while preventing their introduction and pathogen introduction into the environment.
Subd. 21. Standard facility.
"Standard facility" means a licensed facility that is not a
quarantine or containment facility.
Subd. 22. Waters of the state.
"Waters of the state" has the meaning given in section
103G.005, subdivision 17
History: 1992 c 566 s 2; 1993 c 226 s 1-3; 1996 c 410 s 3-7; 1997 c 226 s 1-3; 2004 c 243 s 1