152.12 DOCTORS MAY PRESCRIBE.
Subdivision 1. Prescribing, dispensing, administering controlled substances in schedules
II through V.
A licensed doctor of medicine, a doctor of osteopathy, duly licensed to practice
medicine, a doctor of dental surgery, a doctor of dental medicine, a licensed doctor of podiatry, or
a licensed doctor of optometry limited to schedules IV and V, and in the course of professional
practice only, may prescribe, administer, and dispense a controlled substance included in
Schedules II through V of section
, may cause the same to be administered by a nurse, an
intern or an assistant under the direction and supervision of the doctor, and may cause a person
who is an appropriately certified and licensed health care professional to prescribe and administer
the same within the expressed legal scope of the person's practice as defined in Minnesota Statutes.
Subd. 2. Doctor of veterinary medicine.
A licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, in good
faith, and in the course of professional practice only, and not for use by a human being, may
prescribe, administer, and dispense a controlled substance included in schedules II through V of
, and may cause the same to be administered by an assistant under the direction and
supervision of the doctor.
Subd. 3. Research project use of controlled substances.
Any qualified person may
use controlled substances in the course of a bona fide research project but cannot administer
or dispense such drugs to human beings unless such drugs are prescribed, dispensed and
administered by a person lawfully authorized to do so. Every person who engages in research
involving the use of such substances shall apply annually for registration by the state Board of
Pharmacy provided that such registration shall not be required if the person is covered by and has
complied with federal laws covering such research projects.
Subd. 4. Sale of controlled substances not prohibited for certain persons and entities.
Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit the sale to, or the possession of, a controlled substance in
schedule II, III, IV or V by: Registered drug wholesalers, registered manufacturers, registered
pharmacies, or any licensed hospital or other licensed institutions wherein sick and injured
persons are cared for or treated, or bona fide hospitals wherein animals are treated; or by licensed
pharmacists, licensed doctors of medicine, doctors of osteopathy duly licensed to practice
medicine, licensed doctors of dental surgery, licensed doctors of dental medicine, licensed doctors
of podiatry, licensed doctors of optometry limited to schedules IV and V, or licensed doctors of
veterinary medicine when such practitioners use controlled substances within the course of their
professional practice only.
Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit the possession of a controlled substance in schedule II,
III, IV or V by an employee or agent of a registered drug wholesaler, registered manufacturer, or
registered pharmacy, while acting in the course of employment; by a patient of a licensed doctor
of medicine, a doctor of osteopathy duly licensed to practice medicine, a licensed doctor of
dental surgery, a licensed doctor of dental medicine, or a licensed doctor of optometry limited
to schedules IV and V; or by the owner of an animal for which a controlled substance has been
prescribed by a licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, when such controlled substances are
dispensed according to law.
Subd. 5. Analytical laboratory not prohibited from providing anonymous analysis
Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit an analytical laboratory from conducting an
anonymous analysis service when such laboratory is registered by the Federal Drug Enforcement
Administration, nor prohibit the possession of a controlled substance by an employee or agent of
such analytical laboratory while acting in the course of employment.
History: (3906-15) 1939 c 102 s 5; 1967 c 408 s 8; 1971 c 937 s 16; 1973 c 693 s 8,9; 1974
c 369 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 440 s 3; 2003 c 62 s 9,10