Subdivision 1. Carrier.
"Carrier" means a person who serves as a potential source of
infection and who harbors or who the commissioner reasonably believes to be harboring a specific
infectious agent whether or not there is present discernible clinical disease. In the absence of a
medically accepted test, the commissioner may reasonably believe an individual to be a carrier
only when a determination based upon specific facts justifies an inference that the individual
harbors a specific infectious agent.
Subd. 2. Communicable disease.
"Communicable disease" means a disease or condition
that causes serious illness, serious disability, or death, the infectious agent of which may pass or
be carried, directly or indirectly, from the body of one person to the body of another.
Subd. 3. Commissioner.
"Commissioner" means the commissioner of health.
Subd. 4. Contact notification program.
"Contact notification program" means an ongoing
program established by the commissioner to encourage carriers of a communicable disease
whose primary route of transmission is through an exchange of blood, semen, or vaginal
secretions, such as treponema pallidum, neisseria gonorrhea, chlamydia trachomatis, and human
immunodeficiency virus, to identify others who may be at risk by virtue of contact with the carrier.
Subd. 5. Directly transmitted.
"Directly transmitted" means predominately:
(1) sexually transmitted;
(2) bloodborne; or
(3) transmitted through direct or intimate skin contact.
Subd. 6. Health directive.
"Health directive" means a written statement, or, in urgent
circumstances, an oral statement followed by a written statement within three days, from the
commissioner, or board of health as defined in section
145A.02, subdivision 2
, with delegated
authority from the commissioner, issued to a carrier who constitutes a health threat to others.
A health directive must be individual, specific, and cannot be issued to a class of persons.
The directive may require a carrier to cooperate with health authorities in efforts to prevent or
control transmission of communicable disease, including participation in education, counseling,
or treatment programs, and undergoing medical tests necessary to verify the person's carrier
status. The written directive shall be served in the same manner as a summons and complaint
under the Minnesota Rules of Civil Procedure.
Subd. 7. Licensed health professional.
"Licensed health professional" means a person
licensed in Minnesota to practice those professions described in section
214.01, subdivision 2
Subd. 8. Health threat to others.
"Health threat to others" means that a carrier demonstrates
an inability or unwillingness to act in such a manner as to not place others at risk of exposure
to infection that causes serious illness, serious disability, or death. It includes one or more of
(1) with respect to an indirectly transmitted communicable disease:
(a) behavior by a carrier which has been demonstrated epidemiologically to transmit or
which evidences a careless disregard for the transmission of the disease to others; or
(b) a substantial likelihood that a carrier will transmit a communicable disease to others as is
evidenced by a carrier's past behavior, or by statements of a carrier that are credible indicators of
a carrier's intention.
(2) With respect to a directly transmitted communicable disease:
(a) repeated behavior by a carrier which has been demonstrated epidemiologically to transmit
or which evidences a careless disregard for the transmission of the disease to others;
(b) a substantial likelihood that a carrier will repeatedly transmit a communicable disease to
others as is evidenced by a carrier's past behavior, or by statements of a carrier that are credible
indicators of a carrier's intention;
(c) affirmative misrepresentation by a carrier of the carrier's status prior to engaging in any
behavior which has been demonstrated epidemiologically to transmit the disease; or
(d) the activities referenced in clause (1) if the person whom the carrier places at risk is:
(i) a minor, (ii) of diminished capacity by reason of mood altering chemicals, including alcohol,
(iii) has been diagnosed as having significantly subaverage intellectual functioning, (iv) has an
organic disorder of the brain or a psychiatric disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation,
or memory which substantially impairs judgment, behavior, reasoning, or understanding; (v)
adjudicated as an incompetent; or (vi) a vulnerable adult as defined in section
(3) Violation by a carrier of any part of a court order issued pursuant to this chapter.
Subd. 9. Indirectly transmitted.
"Indirectly transmitted" means any transmission not
defined by subdivision 5.
Subd. 10. Noncompliant behavior.
"Noncompliant behavior" means a failure or refusal by
a carrier to comply with a health directive.
Subd. 11. Respondent.
"Respondent" means any person against whom an action is
commenced under sections
History: 1986 c 444; 1987 c 209 s 5; 1987 c 309 s 24; 1995 c 229 art 4 s 4