119A.46 Lead abatement program.
Subdivision 1. Definitions. (a) The definitions in section 144.9501 and in this subdivision apply to this section.
(b) "Eligible organization" means a lead contractor, city, board of health, community health department, community action agency as defined in section 119A.374, or community development corporation.
(c) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of education, or the commissioner of the Minnesota Housing Finance Agency as authorized by section 462A.05, subdivision 15c.
Subd. 2. Grants; administration. Within the limits of the available appropriation, the commissioner must develop a swab team services program which may make demonstration and training grants to eligible organizations to train workers to provide swab team services and swab team services for residential property. Grants may be awarded to nonprofit organizations to provide technical assistance and training to ensure quality and consistency within the statewide program. Grants must be awarded to help ensure full-time employment to workers providing swab team services and must be awarded for a two-year period.
Grants awarded under this section must be made in consultation with the commissioners of the Department of Health and the Housing Finance Agency, and representatives of neighborhood groups from areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure, a labor organization, the lead coalition, community action agencies, and the legal aid society. The consulting team must review grant applications and recommend awards to eligible organizations that meet requirements for receiving a grant under this section.
Subd. 3. Applicants. (a) Interested eligible organizations may apply to the commissioner for grants under this section. Two or more eligible organizations may jointly apply for a grant. Priority shall be given to community action agencies in greater Minnesota and to either community action agencies or neighborhood based nonprofit organizations in cities of the first class. Of the total annual appropriation, 12.5 percent may be used for administrative purposes. The commissioner may deviate from this percentage if a grantee can justify the need for a larger administrative allowance. Of this amount, up to five percent may be used by the commissioner for state administrative purposes. Applications must provide information requested by the commissioner, including at least the information required to assess the factors listed in paragraph (d).
(b) The commissioner must coordinate with the commissioner of health who must consult with boards of health to provide swab team services for purposes of secondary prevention. The priority for swab teams created by grants to eligible organizations under this section must be work assigned by the commissioner of health, or by a board of health if so designated by the commissioner of health, to provide secondary prevention swab team services to fulfill the requirements of section 144.9504, subdivision 6, in response to a lead order. Swab teams assigned work under this section by the commissioner, that are not engaged daily in fulfilling the requirements of section 144.9504, subdivision 6, must deliver swab team services in response to elevated blood lead levels as defined in section 144.9501, subdivision 9, where lead orders were not issued, and for purposes of primary prevention in census tracts known to be in areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure as described in section 144.9503, subdivision 2.
(c) Any additional money must be used for grants to establish swab teams for primary prevention under section 144.9503, in census tracts in areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure as determined under section 144.9503, subdivision 2.
(d) In evaluating grant applications, the commissioner must consider the following criteria:
(1) the use of lead contractors and lead workers for residential swab team services;
(2) the participation of neighborhood groups and individuals, as swab team workers, in areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure;
(3) plans for the provision of swab team services for primary and secondary prevention as required under subdivision 4;
(4) plans for supervision, training, career development, and postprogram placement of swab team members;
(5) plans for resident and property owner education on lead safety;
(6) plans for distributing cleaning supplies to area residents and educating residents and property owners on cleaning techniques;
(7) sources of other funding and cost estimates for training, lead inspections, swab team services, equipment, monitoring, testing, and administration;
(8) measures of program effectiveness;
(9) coordination of program activities with other federal, state, and local public health, job training, apprenticeship, and housing renovation programs including programs under sections 116L.86 to 116L.881; and
(10) prior experience in providing swab team services.
Subd. 4. Lead supervisor or certified firm. (a) Eligible organizations and lead supervisors or certified firms may participate in the swab team program. An eligible organization receiving a grant under this section must assure that all participating lead supervisors or certified firms are licensed and that all swab team workers are certified by the Department of Health under section 144.9505. Eligible organizations and lead supervisors or certified firms may distinguish between interior and exterior services in assigning duties and may participate in the program by:
(1) providing on-the-job training for swab team workers;
(3) providing a removal and replacement component using skilled craft workers under subdivision 7;
(4) providing lead testing according to subdivision 8;
(5) providing lead dust cleaning supplies, as described in section 144.9507, subdivision 4, paragraph (c), to residents; or
(6) having a swab team worker instruct residents and property owners on appropriate lead control techniques, including the lead-safe directives developed by the commissioner of health.
(b) Participating lead supervisors or certified firms must:
(1) demonstrate proof of workers' compensation and general liability insurance coverage;
(2) be knowledgeable about lead abatement requirements established by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and lead hazard reduction requirements and lead-safe directives of the commissioner of health;
(3) demonstrate experience with on-the-job training programs;
(4) demonstrate an ability to recruit employees from areas at high risk for toxic lead exposure; and
(5) demonstrate experience in working with low-income clients.
Subd. 5. Swab team workers. Each worker engaged in swab team services established under this section must have blood lead concentrations below 15 micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood as determined by a baseline blood lead screening. Any organization receiving a grant under this section is responsible for lead screening and must assure that all swab team workers meet the standards established in this subdivision. Grantees must use appropriate workplace procedures including following the lead-safe directives developed by the commissioner of health to reduce risk of elevated blood lead levels. Grantees and participating contractors must report all employee blood lead levels that exceed 15 micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood to the commissioner of health.
Subd. 6. On-the-job training component. (a) Programs established under this section must provide on-the-job training for swab team workers.
(b) Swab team workers must receive monetary compensation equal to the prevailing wage as defined in section 177.42, subdivision 6, for comparable jobs in the licensed contractor's principal business.
Subd. 7. Removal and replacement component. (a) Within the limits of the available appropriation and if a need is identified by a lead inspector, the commissioner may establish a component for removal and replacement of deteriorated paint in residential properties according to the following criteria:
(1) components within a residence must have both deteriorated lead-based paint and substrate damage beyond repair or rotting wooden framework to be eligible for removal and replacement;
(2) all removal and replacement must be done using least-cost methods and following lead-safe directives;
(3) whenever windows and doors or other components covered with deteriorated lead-based paint have sound substrate or are not rotting, those components should be repaired, sent out for stripping, planed down to remove deteriorated lead-based paint, or covered with protective guards instead of being replaced, provided that such an activity is the least-cost method of providing the swab team service;
(4) removal and replacement or repair must be done by lead contractors using skilled craft workers or trained swab team members; and
(5) all craft work that requires a state license must be supervised by a person with a state license in the craft work being supervised. The grant recipient may contract for this supervision.
(b) The program design must:
(1) identify the need for on-the-job training of swab team workers to be removal and replacement workers; and
(2) describe plans to involve appropriate groups in designing methods to meet the need for training swab team workers.
Subd. 8. Testing and evaluation. (a) Testing of the environment is not necessary by swab teams whose work is assigned by the commissioner of health or a designated board of health under section 144.9504. The commissioner of health or designated board of health must share the analytical testing data collected on each residence for purposes of secondary prevention under section 144.9504 with the swab team workers in order to provide constructive feedback on their work and to the commissioner for the purposes set forth in paragraph (c).
(b) For purposes of primary prevention evaluation, the following samples must be collected: pretesting and posttesting of one noncarpeted floor dust lead sample and a notation of the extent and location of bare soil and of deteriorated lead-based paint. The analytical testing data collected on each residence for purposes of primary prevention under section 144.9503 must be shared with the swab team workers in order to provide constructive feedback on their work and to the commissioner for the purposes set forth in paragraph (c).
(c) The commissioner of health must establish a program in cooperation with the commissioner to collect appropriate data as required under paragraphs (a) and (b), in order to conduct an ongoing evaluation of swab team services for primary and secondary prevention. Within the limits of available appropriations, the commissioner of health must conduct or contract with the commissioner, on up to 1,000 residences which have received primary or secondary prevention swab team services, a postremediation evaluation, on at least a quarterly basis for a period of at least two years for each residence. The evaluation must note the condition of the paint within the residence, the extent of bare soil on the grounds, and collect and analyze one noncarpeted floor dust lead sample. The data collected must be evaluated to determine the efficacy of providing swab team services as a method of reducing lead exposure in young children. In evaluating this data, the commissioner of health must consider city size, community location, historic traffic flow, soil lead level of the property by area or census tract, distance to industrial point sources that emit lead, season of the year, age of the housing, age and number of children living at the residence, the presence of pets that move in and out of the residence, and other relevant factors as the commissioner of health may determine.
Subd. 9. Program benefits. As a condition of providing swab team services under this section, an organization may require a property owner to not increase rents on a property solely as a result of a substantial improvement made with public funds under the programs in this section.
Subd. 10. Requirements of organizations receiving grants. An eligible organization that is awarded a training and demonstration grant under this section must prepare and submit a quarterly progress report to the commissioner beginning three months after receipt of the grant.