Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Capital IconMinnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

CHAPTER 515. Condominiums

Table of Sections
SectionHeadnote
515.01Citation.
515.02Definitions.
515.03Application.
515.04Status of the apartments.
515.05Ownership of apartments.
515.06Common areas and facilities.
515.07Compliance with covenants, bylaws, and rules.
515.08Certain work prohibited.
515.09Liens against apartments; removal; part payment.
515.10Common profits and expenses.
515.11Contents of declaration.
515.12Contents of deeds of apartments.
515.13Copy of the floor plans to be filed.
515.14Blanket mortgage lien on apartment when first conveyed.
515.15Recording.
515.16Removal from provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29.
515.17Removal no bar to subsequent resubmission.
515.175Incorporation of association.
515.18Bylaws.
515.19Contents of bylaws; annual meeting, report.
515.195When first officers' terms end; contract restrictions.
515.20Record of receipts and expenses available to owners.
515.21Owner abandonment, waiver of use, does not avert liability.
515.215Disclosure requirements to apartment purchasers.
515.22Separate taxation.
515.23Priority of lien.
515.24Joint, several liability of buyer, seller; common expense.
515.25Insurance.
515.26Disposition of property where it is damaged by fire or other disaster.
515.27Actions.
515.28Personal application.
515.29Severability.

515.01 Citation.

Sections 515.01 to 515.29 shall be known and may be cited as the "Minnesota Condominium Act."

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 1; 1971 c 580 s 1

515.02 Definitions.

Subdivision 1. Application. As used in sections 515.01 to 515.29, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and terms have the meanings ascribed to them in this section.

Subd. 2. Apartment. "Apartment" means a part of the property, including one or more rooms or enclosed spaces located on one or more floors, or part or parts thereof, in a building, or a part of a parcel of real estate situated in a manufactured home park upon which one or more manufactured homes may be erected, and with a direct exit to a public street or highway or to a common area leading to such street or highway, intended for any type of independent use, including, but not restricted to, commercial, industrial, or residential use.

Subd. 3. Apartment owner. "Apartment owner" means the person or persons owning an apartment in fee simple absolute and an undivided interest in the fee simple estate or leasehold estate of the common areas and facilities in the percentage specified and established in the declaration.

Subd. 4. Apartment number. "Apartment number" means the number, letter, or combinations thereof, designating the apartment in the declaration.

Subd. 5. Association of apartment owners. "Association of apartment owners" means all of the apartment owners acting as a group in accordance with the bylaws and declaration.

Subd. 6. Building. "Building" means a building containing one or more apartments, or two or more buildings, each containing one or more apartments, with a total of two or more apartments for all such buildings, and comprising a part of the property, and includes a parcel of real estate in a manufactured home park upon which one or more manufactured homes may be erected.

Subd. 7. Common areas and facilities. "Common areas and facilities," unless otherwise provided in the declaration or lawful amendments thereto, means and includes:

(1) The land on which the building is located;

(2) The foundations, columns, girders, beams, supports, main walls, roofs, halls, corridors, lobbies, stairs, stairways, fire escapes, and entrances and exits of the building;

(3) The basements, yards, gardens, parking areas and storage spaces;

(4) The premises for the lodging of janitors or persons in charge of the property;

(5) Installations of central services such as power, light, gas, hot and cold water, heating, refrigeration, air conditioning and incinerating;

(6) The elevators, tanks, pumps, motors, fans, compressors, ducts and in general all apparatus and installations existing for common use;

(7) Such community and commercial facilities as may be provided for in the declaration;

(8) All other parts of the property necessary or convenient to its existence, maintenance and safety, or normally in common use; and

(9) Such noncontiguous property as may be provided for in the declaration.

Subd. 8. Common expenses. "Common expenses" means and includes:

(1) All sums lawfully assessed against the apartment owners by the association of apartment owners;

(2) Expenses of administration, maintenance, repair or replacement of the common areas and facilities;

(3) Expenses agreed upon as common expenses by the association of apartment owners;

(4) Expenses declared common expenses by provisions of this chapter, or by the declaration or the bylaws.

Subd. 9. Common profits. "Common profits" means the balance of all income, rents, profits and revenues from the common areas and facilities remaining after the deduction of the common expenses.

Subd. 10. Declaration. "Declaration" means the instrument by which the property is submitted to the provisions of this chapter, as hereinafter provided, and such declaration as from time to time may be lawfully amended.

Subd. 11. Limited common areas and facilities. "Limited common areas and facilities" means and include those common areas and facilities designated in the declaration as reserved for use of certain apartment or apartments to the exclusion of the other apartments.

Subd. 12. Majority or majority of apartment owners. "Majority" or "majority of apartment owners" means the apartment owners with 51 percent or more of the votes in accordance with the percentages assigned in the declaration to the apartments for voting purposes.

Subd. 13. Person. "Person" means individual, corporation, partnership, association, trustee or other legal entity.

Subd. 14. Property. "Property" means and includes the land, the building, all improvements and structures thereon, all owned in fee simple absolute and land held under a lease or leases the original terms of which are not less than 50 years, and all easements, rights and appurtenances belonging thereto, and all articles of personal property intended for use in connection therewith, which have been or are intended to be submitted to the provisions of this chapter.

Subd. 15. Recording officer. "Recording officer" means the county recorder or the registrar of titles, as the case may be, of the county in which the property is situated.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 2; 1965 c 602 s 1; 1971 c 580 s 2-5; 1974 c 319 s 1,2; 1976 c 181 s 2; 1981 c 365 s 9

515.03 Application.

Sections 515.01 to 515.29 shall be applicable only to property, the sole owner or all of the owners of which submit the same to the provisions hereof by duly executing and recording a declaration as hereinafter provided.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 3

515.04 Status of the apartments.

Subdivision 1. Each apartment is a parcel. Each apartment, together with its undivided interest in the common areas and facilities, shall for all purposes constitute a parcel of real property.

Subd. 2. Apartment can be homestead. For the purposes of the constitution and laws of the state of Minnesota, such parcel of real property is the homestead of the owner thereof, if otherwise qualified thereunder.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 4

515.05 Ownership of apartments.

Each apartment owner shall be entitled to the exclusive ownership and possession of the apartment.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 5; 1986 c 444

515.06 Common areas and facilities.

(a) Each apartment owner shall be entitled to an undivided interest in the common areas and facilities in the percentage expressed in the declaration. Such percentage shall be computed by taking as a basis the value of the apartment in relation to the value of the property.

(b) The percentage of the undivided interest of each apartment owner in the common areas and facilities as expressed in the declaration shall have a permanent character and shall not be altered without the consent of all of the apartment owners expressed in an amended declaration duly recorded. The percentage of the undivided interest in the common areas and facilities shall not be separated from the apartment to which it appertains and shall be deemed to be conveyed or encumbered with the apartment even though such interest is not expressly mentioned or described in the conveyance or other instrument.

(c) The common areas and facilities shall remain undivided and no apartment owner or any other person shall bring any action for partition or division of any part thereof, unless the property has been removed from the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29 as provided in sections 515.16 and 515.26. Any covenant to the contrary shall be null and void.

(d) Each apartment owner may use the common areas and facilities in accordance with the purpose for which they were intended without hindering or encroaching upon the lawful rights of the other apartment owners.

(e) The necessary work of maintenance, repair, and replacement of the common areas and facilities and the making of any additions or improvements thereto shall be carried out only as provided herein and in the bylaws.

(f) The association of apartment owners shall have the irrevocable right, to be exercised by the manager or board of directors, to have access to each apartment from time to time during reasonable hours as may be necessary for the maintenance, repair, or replacement of any of the common areas and facilities therein or accessible therefrom, or for making emergency repairs therein necessary to prevent damage to the common areas and facilities or to another apartment or apartments.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 6

515.07 Compliance with covenants, bylaws, and rules.

Each apartment owner shall comply strictly with the bylaws and with the administrative rules adopted pursuant thereto, as either of the same may be lawfully amended from time to time, and with the covenants, conditions, and restrictions set forth in the declaration or in the owner's deed to the apartment. Failure to comply with any of the same shall be ground for an action to recover sums due, for damages or injunctive relief or both maintainable by the manager or board of directors on behalf of the association of apartment owners or, in a proper case, by an aggrieved apartment owner.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 7; 1985 c 248 s 70; 1986 c 444

515.08 Certain work prohibited.

No apartment owner shall do any work which would jeopardize the soundness or safety of the property, reduce the value thereof or impair any easement or hereditament without in every such case the unanimous consent of all the other apartment owners being first obtained.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 8

515.09 Liens against apartments; removal; part payment.

Subdivision 1. Authorized work on common areas. Subsequent to recording the first conveyance of the first apartment which is conveyed, and while the property remains subject to sections 515.01 to 515.29, no lien shall thereafter arise or be effective against the property. During such period liens or encumbrances shall arise or be created only against each apartment and the percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities, appurtenant to such apartment, in the same manner and under the same conditions in every respect as liens or encumbrances may arise or be created upon or against any other separate parcel of real property subject to individual ownership; provided that no labor performed or materials furnished with the consent or at the request of an apartment owner or an owner's agent, contractor or subcontractor shall be the basis for the filing of a lien pursuant to the lien law against the apartment or any other property of any other apartment owner not expressly consenting to or requesting the same, except that such express consent shall be deemed to be given by the owner of any apartment in the case of emergency repairs thereto. Labor performed or materials furnished for the common areas and facilities, if duly authorized by the association of apartment owners, the manager or board of directors in accordance with sections 515.01 to 515.29, the declaration or bylaws, shall be deemed to be performed or furnished with the express consent of each apartment owner and shall be the basis for the filing of a lien pursuant to the lien law against each of the apartments and shall be subject to the provisions of subdivision 2 hereunder.

Subd. 2. Removal by part payment. In the event a lien against two or more apartments becomes effective, the apartment owners of the separate apartments may remove their apartment and the percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant to such apartment from the lien by payment of the fractional or proportional amounts attributable to each of the apartments affected. Such individual payment shall be computed by reference to the percentages appearing on the declaration. Subsequent to any such payment, discharge or other satisfaction the apartment and the percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant thereto shall thereafter be free and clear of the lien so paid, satisfied or discharged. Such partial payment, satisfaction or discharge shall not prevent the lienor from proceeding to enforce rights against any apartment and the percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant thereto not so paid, satisfied or discharged.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 9; 1965 c 602 s 2; 1986 c 444

515.10 Common profits and expenses.

The common profits of the property shall be distributed among, and the common expenses shall be charged to, the apartment owners according to the percentage of the undivided interest in the common areas and facilities.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 10

515.11 Contents of declaration.

The declaration shall contain the following particulars:

(1) Description of the land on which the building and improvements are or are to be located.

(2) Description of the building, stating the number of stories and basements, the number of apartments and the principal materials of which it is or is to be constructed.

(3) The apartment number of each apartment, and a statement of its location, approximate area, number of rooms, and immediate common area to which it has access, and any other data necessary for its proper identification.

(4) Description of the common areas and facilities.

(5) Description of the limited common areas and facilities, if any, stating to which apartments their use is reserved.

(6) Value of the property and of each apartment, and the percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appertaining to each apartment and its owner for all purposes, including voting.

(7) Statement of the purposes for which the building and each of the apartments are intended and restricted as to use.

(8) The name of a person to receive service of process in the cases hereinafter provided, together with the residence or place of business of such person which shall be within the city or county in which the building is located.

(9) Provision as to the percentage of votes by the apartment owners which shall be determinative of whether to rebuild, repair, restore, or sell the property in the event of damage or destruction of all or part of the property.

(10) Any further details in connection with the property which the person executing the declaration may deem desirable to set forth consistent with sections 515.01 to 515.29.

(11) The method by which the declaration may be amended, consistent with the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 11

515.12 Contents of deeds of apartments.

Deeds of apartments shall include the following particulars:

(1) Description of the land as provided in section 515.11, and the post office address of the property, including the book, page and date of recording of the declaration.

(2) The apartment number of the apartment in the declaration and any other data necessary for its proper identification.

(3) Statement of the use for which the apartment is intended and restrictions on its use.

(4) The percentage of undivided interest appertaining to the apartment in the common areas and facilities.

(5) Any further details which the grantor and grantee may deem desirable to set forth consistent with the declaration and sections 515.01 to 515.29.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 12

515.13 Copy of the floor plans to be filed.

Simultaneously with the recording of the declaration there shall be filed in the office of the recording officer a set of the floor plans of the building showing the layout, location, apartment numbers and dimensions of the apartments, stating the name of the building or that it has no name, and bearing the verified statement of a registered architect, licensed professional engineer, or licensed land surveyor certifying that it is an accurate copy of portions of the plans of the building as filed with and approved by the municipal or other governmental subdivision having jurisdiction over the issuance of permits for the construction of buildings. If such plans do not include a verified statement by such architect, engineer, or licensed land surveyor that such plans fully and accurately depict the layout, location, apartment numbers and dimensions of the apartments as built, there shall be recorded prior to the first conveyance of any apartment an amendment to the declaration to which shall be attached a verified statement of a registered architect, licensed professional engineer, or licensed land surveyor certifying that the plans theretofore filed, or being filed simultaneously with such amendment, fully and accurately depict the layout, location, apartment numbers and dimensions of the apartments as built. Such plans shall be kept by the recording officer in a separate file for each building, indexed in the same manner as a conveyance entitled to record, numbered serially in the order of receipt, each designated "apartment ownership," with the name of the building, if any, and each containing a reference to the book, page and date of recording of the declaration. Correspondingly, the record of the declaration shall contain a reference to the file number of the floor plans of the building affected thereby.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 13; 1965 c 602 s 3; 1998 c 324 s 9

515.14 Blanket mortgage lien on apartment when first conveyed.

At the time of the first conveyance of each apartment, every mortgage and other lien affecting such apartment, including the percentage of undivided interest of the apartment in the common areas and facilities, shall be paid and satisfied of record, or the apartment being conveyed and its percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities shall be released therefrom by partial release duly recorded.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 14

515.15 Recording.

(a) The declaration, any amendment or amendments thereof, any instrument by which the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29 may be waived, and every instrument affecting the property or any apartment shall be entitled to be recorded. The declaration and any amendment or amendments thereto shall be submitted to the platting authority of the governing municipality or other governmental subdivision having jurisdiction for review. Neither the declaration nor any amendment thereof shall be valid unless duly recorded in the office of the county recorder or the registrar of titles, as the case may be.

(b) In addition to the records and indexes required to be maintained by the recording officer, the recording officer shall maintain an index or indexes whereby the record of each declaration contains a reference to the record of each conveyance of an apartment affected by such declaration, and the record of each conveyance of an apartment contains a reference to the declaration of the building of which such apartment is a part.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 15; 1974 c 319 s 3; 1976 c 181 s 2

515.16 Removal from provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29.

(a) All of the apartment owners may remove a property from the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29 by an instrument to that effect, duly recorded, provided that the holders of all liens affecting any of the apartments consent thereto or agree, in either case by instruments duly recorded, that their liens be transferred to the percentage of the undivided interest of the apartment owner in the property as hereinafter provided.

(b) Upon removal of the property from the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29, the property shall be deemed to be owned in common by the apartment owners. The undivided interest in the property owned in common which shall appertain to each apartment owner shall be the percentage of undivided interest previously owned by such owner in the common areas and facilities.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 16

515.17 Removal no bar to subsequent resubmission.

The removal provided for in section 515.16 shall in no way bar the subsequent resubmission of the property to the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 17

515.175 Incorporation of association.

Subsequent to July 1, 1976, an association of apartment owners shall be incorporated under chapter 317A before the declaration is recorded.

HIST: 1976 c 244 s 1; 1989 c 304 s 137

515.18 Bylaws.

The administration of every property shall be governed by bylaws, a true copy of which shall be annexed to the declaration and made a part thereof. No modification of or amendment to the bylaws shall be valid unless set forth in an amendment to the declaration and such amendment is duly recorded.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 18

515.19 Contents of bylaws; annual meeting, report.

Subdivision 1. What may be included. The bylaws may provide for the following:

(a) The election from among the apartment owners of a board of directors, the number of persons constituting the same, and that the terms of at least one-third of the directors shall expire annually; the powers and duties of the board; the compensation, if any, of the directors; the method of removal from office of directors; and whether or not the board may engage the services of a manager or managing agent.

(b) Method of calling meetings of the apartment owners; what percentage, if other than a majority of apartment owners, shall constitute a quorum.

(c) Election of a president from among the board of directors who shall preside over the meetings of the board of directors and of the association of apartment owners.

(d) Election of a secretary who shall keep the minute book wherein resolutions shall be recorded.

(e) Election of a treasurer who shall keep the financial records and books of account.

(f) Maintenance, repair and replacement of the common areas and facilities and payments therefor, including the method of approving payment vouchers.

(g) Manner of collecting from the apartment owners their share of the common expenses.

(h) Designation and removal of personnel necessary for the maintenance, repair and replacement of the common areas and facilities.

(i) Method of adopting and of amending administrative rules and rules governing the details of the operation and use of the common areas and facilities.

(j) Such restrictions on and requirements respecting the use and maintenance of the apartments and the use of the common areas and facilities, not set forth in the declaration, as are designed to prevent unreasonable interference with the use of their respective apartments and of the common areas and facilities by the several apartment owners.

(k) The percentage of votes required to amend the bylaws.

(l) Other provisions as may be deemed necessary for the administration of the property consistent with sections 515.01 to 515.29.

Subd. 2. Annual meeting, notifier; agenda. The bylaws shall provide that the association of apartment owners shall meet at least once each year. The bylaws shall specify an officer who shall, at least 21 days in advance of any annual or regularly scheduled meeting and at least seven days in advance of any other meeting, send to each apartment owner notice of the time, place and complete agenda of the meeting. The notice shall be sent by United States mail to all apartment owners of record at the address of their respective apartments and to other addresses as any of them may have designated to the officer.

Subd. 3. Vote when association is owner. The bylaws shall provide that no vote in the association of apartment owners shall be deemed to inure to any apartment during the time when the apartment owner thereof is the association of apartment owners.

Subd. 4. Annual report; contents. The bylaws shall provide that an annual report be prepared by the association of apartment owners, that a copy of the report be provided to each apartment owner, and that the report contains at a minimum the following:

(a) A statement of any capital expenditures in excess of $1,000 anticipated by the association of apartment owners during the current year or succeeding two fiscal years;

(b) A statement of the status and amount of any reserve for replacement fund and any portion of the fund designated for any specified project by the board of directors;

(c) A copy of the statement of financial condition for the association of apartment owners for the last fiscal year;

(d) A statement of the status of any pending suits or judgments in which the association of apartment owners is a party;

(e) A statement of the insurance coverage provided by the association of apartment owners; and

(f) A statement of any unpaid assessments by the association of apartment owners on individual apartments, identifying the apartment number and the amount of the unpaid assessment.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 19; 1976 c 244 s 2; 1985 c 248 s 70

515.195 When first officers' terms end; contract restrictions.

Subdivision 1. At annual meeting. At the first annual meeting subsequent to the earlier of (a) five years from the date of recording the declaration or (b) when three-fifths of the apartment owners are other than the owner who submits the property to the provisions of this chapter, the terms of office of all then existing officers and directors shall terminate.

Subd. 2. Two-year limit on deals. No contract, lease, management contract, employment contract, or lease of recreational areas or facilities, which is directly or indirectly made by or on behalf of the association of apartment owners shall be entered into for a period exceeding two years.

HIST: 1976 c 244 s 3

515.20 Record of receipts and expenses available to owners.

The manager or board of directors, as the case may be, shall keep detailed, accurate records in chronological order, of the receipts and expenditures affecting the common areas and facilities, specifying and itemizing the maintenance and repair expenses of the common areas and facilities and any other expenses incurred. Such records and the vouchers authorizing the payments shall be available for examination by the apartment owners at convenient hours of weekdays.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 20

515.21 Owner abandonment, waiver of use, does not avert liability.

No apartment owner is exempt from liability for that owner's contribution towards the common expenses by waiver of the use or enjoyment of any of the common areas and facilities or by abandonment of that owner's apartment.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 21; 1986 c 444

515.215 Disclosure requirements to apartment purchasers.

Subdivision 1. At first conveyance. Not later than 15 days prior to the closing of the first conveyance of each apartment, the vendor shall furnish to the purchaser the following:

(1) The purchase agreement for the apartment;

(2) A copy of the declaration and bylaws;

(3) A copy of the articles of incorporation of the association of apartment owners;

(4) A copy of any management contract, employment contract, or other contract affecting the use, maintenance, or access of all or part of the condominium;

(5) A copy of the annual operating budget for the condominium including reasonable details concerning the monthly payments by the purchaser for assessments, and monthly charges for the use, rental, or lease of any facilities;

(6) A copy of any lease to which it is anticipated the apartment owners or the association of apartment owners will be a party following closing;

(7) A copy of the floor plan of the apartment;

(8) A description of any recreational or other facilities which are to be used by the apartment owners and maintained by them or by the association of apartment owners and a statement as to whether or not they are to be part of the common areas and facilities;

(9) A statement as to whether streets within the condominium are to be dedicated to public use or maintained by the association of apartment owners; and

(10) In the case of condominiums containing buildings substantially completed more than five years prior to the recording of the declaration, a statement of the physical condition and state of repair of the major structural, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing components of the improvements to the extent reasonably ascertainable. The vendor is entitled to rely on the reports of architects or engineers authorized to practice their profession in this state;

(11) A statement of the total number of apartments in the association of apartment owners, and the number of apartments sold which shall be updated at least monthly;

(12) A statement concerning any plans for future development or expansion of the project, including any buildings, apartments or common areas and facilities that may be added, if the plans are used in the promotion of the project, or the plats and plans or blueprints of the future development have been prepared;

(13) A statement of the terms of any financing being offered by the vendor in connection with the sale of apartments;

(14) A statement of the provisions of any warranties offered by the vendor in connection with the sale of apartments;

(15) A statement of the insurance coverage that will be provided by the association of apartment owners.

Subd. 2. Amendments. Any material furnished pursuant to subdivision 1 may not be changed or amended following delivery to the purchaser, if the change or amendment would affect materially the rights of the purchaser, without first obtaining approval of the purchaser. A copy of any amendments shall be delivered promptly to the purchaser.

Subd. 3. Vendor liability; time limit. Any vendor referred to in subdivision 1 who, in disclosing the information required pursuant to subdivisions 1 and 2, makes any untrue statement of a material fact, or omits to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in the light of circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, shall be liable to any person purchasing an apartment from that vendor. However, no action may be maintained to enforce any liability created under this section unless brought within three years after the date of closing.

Subd. 4. No waiver; closing ends rescission right. The rights of purchasers under this section may not be waived in the purchase agreement and any attempted waiver is void. However, any purchaser who proceeds to closing terminates any right under this section to rescind.

Subd. 5. Nonresidential use; rights limited. The requirements of this section do not apply to the sale of any unit which is to be occupied and used for nonresidential purposes.

Subd. 6. Rescission. (a) A purchaser has an unconditional right to rescind a purchase agreement at any time within five days after the date the purchaser receives all the information contained in subdivision 1.

(b) Each purchase agreement shall prominently contain upon its face the following notice printed in bold type, stating:

"Notice to Purchaser

You are entitled to rescind this agreement at anytime within five days from the day you actually receive the information required by law. Such rescission must be in writing and mailed to the vendor or the vendor's agent or lender at the address stated in this document. Upon rescission, you will receive a refund of all moneys paid."

(c) Rescission occurs when the purchaser gives written notice of rescission to the vendor, or agent of the vendor or the lender at the address stated in the purchase agreement. Notice of rescission, if given by mail, is effective when it is deposited in a mailbox properly addressed and postage prepaid.

Subd. 7. Proposed forms. When the purchase agreement relates to a condominium not yet formed, the applicable information required by subdivision 1, may be a proposed form.

HIST: 1976 c 244 s 4; 1986 c 444

515.22 Separate taxation.

Each apartment and its percentage of undivided interest in the common areas and facilities shall be deemed to be a parcel of real property and shall be subject to separate assessment and taxation by the state of Minnesota or any taxing subdivision thereof for all types of taxes authorized by law including but not limited to special ad valorem levies and special assessments. Neither the building, the property nor any of the common areas and facilities shall be deemed to be a separate parcel of real property.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 22

515.23 Priority of lien.

All sums assessed by the association of apartment owners but unpaid for the share of the common expenses chargeable to any apartment shall constitute a lien on such apartment prior to all other liens except only (i) tax liens on the apartment, including assessments for sewers, grading or paving of streets and other improvements thereof, in favor of the state of Minnesota or any taxing subdivision thereof, and (ii) all sums unpaid on the first mortgage of record. Such lien may be foreclosed by suit by the manager or board of directors, acting on behalf of the apartment owners, in like manner as a mortgage of real property. In any such foreclosure the apartment owner shall be required to pay a reasonable rental for the apartment, if so provided in the bylaws, and the plaintiff in such foreclosure shall be entitled to the appointment of a receiver to collect the same. The manager or board of directors, acting on behalf of the apartment owners, shall have power, unless prohibited by the declaration, to bid in the apartment at foreclosure sale, and to acquire and hold, lease, mortgage and convey the same. Suit to recover a money judgment for unpaid common expenses shall be maintainable without foreclosing or waiving the lien securing the same.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 23; 1965 c 602 s 4

515.24 Joint, several liability of buyer, seller; common expense.

In a voluntary conveyance the grantee of an apartment shall be jointly and severally liable with the grantor for all unpaid assessments against the latter for the grantor's share of the common expenses up to the time of the grant or conveyance, without prejudice to the grantee's right to recover from the grantor the amounts paid by the grantee therefor. However, any such grantee shall be entitled to a statement from the manager or board of directors, as the case may be, setting forth the amount of the unpaid assessments against the grantor and such grantee shall not be liable for, nor shall the apartment conveyed be subject to a lien for any unpaid assessments against the grantor in excess of the amount therein set forth.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 24; 1986 c 444

515.25 Insurance.

The manager or the board of directors shall have the authority to and shall obtain insurance for the property against loss or damage by fire and such other hazards as are covered under standard extended coverage provisions for the full insurable replacement costs of the common areas and facilities and the apartments. Such insurance coverage shall be written on the property in the name of, and the proceeds thereof shall be payable to, such manager or the board of directors of the association of apartment owners, as trustee for each of the apartment owners in the percentages established in the declaration. Premiums shall be common expenses. Provision for such insurance shall be without prejudice to the right of each apartment owner to insure that owner's own apartment for that owner's benefit.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 25; 1965 c 602 s 5; 1986 c 444

515.26 Disposition of property where it is damaged by fire or other disaster.

In case of fire or other disaster, if a majority of the apartment owners and all other parties in interest do not voluntarily make provision for reconstruction of the building within 180 days from the date of damage or destruction, the manager or the board of directors of the association of apartment owners shall file for record with the recording officer a notice setting forth such facts and upon the recording of such notice:

(a) The property shall be deemed to be owned in common by the apartment owners;

(b) The undivided interest in the property owned in common which shall appertain to each apartment owner shall be the percentage of undivided interest previously owned by such owner in the common areas and facilities;

(c) Any liens affecting any of the apartments shall be deemed to be transferred in accordance with the existing priorities to the percentage of the undivided interest of the apartment owner in the property as provided herein; and

(d) The property shall be subject to an action for partition at the suit of any apartment owner, in which event the net proceeds of sale, together with the net proceeds of the insurance on the property, if any, shall be considered as one fund and shall be divided among all the apartment owners in a percentage equal to the percentage of undivided interest owned by each owner in the property, after first paying out of the respective shares of the apartment owners, to the extent sufficient for the purpose, all liens on the undivided interest in the property owned by each apartment owner.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 26; 1965 c 602 s 6

515.27 Actions.

Without limiting the rights of any apartment owner, actions may be brought by the manager or board of directors, in either case in the discretion of the board of directors, on behalf of two or more of the apartment owners, as their respective interest may appear, with respect to any cause of action relating to the common areas and facilities or more than one apartment. Service of process on two or more apartment owners in any action relating to the common areas and facilities or more than one apartment may be made on the person designated in the declaration to receive service of process.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 27

515.28 Personal application.

(a) All apartment owners, tenants of such owners, employees of owners and tenants, or any other persons that may in any manner use property or any part thereof submitted to the provision of sections 515.01 to 515.29 shall be subject to sections 515.01 to 515.29 and to the declaration and bylaws of the association of apartment owners adopted pursuant to the provisions of sections 515.01 to 515.29.

(b) All agreements, decisions and determinations lawfully made by the association of apartment owners in accordance with the voting percentages established in sections 515.01 to 515.29, declaration or bylaws shall be deemed to be binding on all apartment owners.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 28

515.29 Severability.

If any provision of sections 515.01 to 515.29 or any section, sentence, clause, phrase or word, or the application thereof in any circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of sections 515.01 to 515.29 and of the application of any such provision, section, sentence, clause, phrase or word in any other circumstances shall not be affected thereby.

HIST: 1963 c 457 s 29