169.4501 School bus equipment standards.
Subdivision 1. National standards adopted. Except as provided in sections 169.4502 and 169.4503, the construction, design, equipment, and color of types A, B, C, and D school buses used for the transportation of school children shall meet the requirements of the "bus chassis standards" and "bus body standards" in the 1995 revised edition of the "National Standards for School Buses and School Bus Operations" adopted by the Twelfth National Conference on School Transportation. Except as provided in section 169.4504, the construction, design, and equipment of types A, B, C, and D school buses used for the transportation of students with disabilities also shall meet the requirements of the "specially equipped school bus standards" in the 1995 National Standards for School Buses and School Bus Operations. The "bus chassis standards," "bus body standards," and "specially equipped school bus standards" sections of the 1995 revised edition of the "National Standards for School Buses and School Bus Operations" are incorporated by reference in this chapter.
Subd. 2. Applicability. (a) The standards adopted in this section and sections 169.4502 and 169.4503, govern the construction, design, equipment, and color of school buses used for the transportation of school children, when owned and operated by a school or privately owned and operated under a contract with a school, and these standards must be made a part of that contract by reference. Each school, its officers and employees, and each person employed under the contract is subject to these standards.
(b) The standards apply to school buses manufactured after December 31, 1997. Buses complying with these standards when manufactured need not comply with standards established later except as specifically provided for by law.
(c) A school bus manufactured on or before December 31, 1997, must conform to the Minnesota standards in effect on the date the vehicle was manufactured except as specifically provided for in law.
(d) A new bus body may be remounted on a used chassis provided that the remounted vehicle meets state and federal standards for new buses which are current at the time of the remounting. Permission must be obtained from the commissioner of public safety before the remounting is done. A used bus body may not be remounted on a new or used chassis.
Subd. 3. Inspection manual. The department of public safety shall develop a school bus inspection manual based on the national standards adopted in subdivision 1 and Minnesota standards adopted in sections 169.4502 to 169.4504. The Minnesota state patrol shall use the manual as the basis for inspecting buses as provided in section 169.451. When appropriate, the school bus safety advisory committee shall recommend to the education committees of the legislature modifications to the standards upon which the school bus inspection manual is based. The department of public safety has no rulemaking authority to alter the standards upon which school buses are inspected.
Subd. 4. Variances. The commissioner of public safety may grant a variance to any of the school bus standards to accommodate testing of new equipment related to school buses. A variance from the standards must be for the sole purpose of testing and evaluating new equipment for increased safety, efficiency, and economy of pupil transportation. The variance expires 18 months from the date on which it is granted unless the commissioner specifies an earlier expiration date. The school bus safety advisory committee shall annually review all variances that are granted under this subdivision and consider whether to recommend modifications to the Minnesota school bus equipment standards based on the variances.
Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes