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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE

Rule 355.Methods of Service; Filing

Rule 355.01Generally

Subdivision 1. Service Required.

Except for ex parte motions allowed by statute or these rules, every document filed with the court shall be served on all parties and the county agency.

Subd. 2.Service Upon Attorney for Party.

If a party, other than the county agency, is represented by an attorney as shown by a certificate of representation in the court file, service shall be made upon the party's attorney, unless personal service upon the represented party is required under these rules. Except where personal service upon the county agency is required under these rules, service upon the county agency shall be accomplished by serving the county attorney.

(Amended effective July 1, 2015.)

Rule 355.02Types of Service

Subdivision 1. Personal Service.

(a)Upon Whom.

(1) Upon an Individual. Personal service upon an individual in the state shall be accomplished by delivering a copy of the summons and complaint, notice, motion, or other document to the individual personally or by leaving a copy at the individual's house or usual place of residence with some person of suitable age and discretion who presently lives at that location. If the individual has, pursuant to statute, consented to any other method of service or appointed an agent to receive service, or if a statute designates a state official to receive service, service may be made in the manner provided by such statute. If the individual is confined to a state institution, personal service shall be accomplished by also serving a copy of the document upon the chief executive officer at the institution. Personal service upon an individual outside the state shall be accomplished according to the provisions of Minnesota Statutes 2000, chapter 518C, and Minnesota Statutes 2000, section 543.19. Personal service may not be made on a legal holiday or election day.

(2) Upon the County Agency. Personal service upon the county agency shall be accomplished by serving the director of the county human services department or the director's designee.

(b)By Whom Served.

Unless otherwise ordered by the child support magistrate, personal service shall be made only by the sheriff or by any other person who is at least 18 years of age who is not a party to the proceeding. Pursuant to Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 518A.46, subdivision 2, paragraph (c), clause (4), an employee of the county agency may serve documents on parties.

(c)Alternative Personal Service.

(1) Acknowledgment by Mail. As an alternative to personal service, service may be made by U.S. mail if acknowledged in writing. Any party attempting alternative personal service shall include two copies of a notice and acknowledgment of service by mail conforming substantially to Form 22 set forth in the Minnesota Rules of Civil Procedure, along with a return envelope, postage prepaid, addressed to the sender. Any person served by U.S. mail who receives a notice and acknowledgment form shall complete the acknowledgment part of the form and return one copy of the completed form to the serving party. If the serving party does not receive the acknowledgment form within 20 days, service is not valid upon that party. The serving party may then serve the summons and complaint by any means authorized under this subdivision. The child support magistrate may order the costs of personal service to be paid by the person served, if such person does not complete and return the notice and acknowledgment form within 20 days.

(2) Service by Publication.

(A) Service. Service by publication means the publication of the entire summons or notice in the regular issue of a qualified newspaper, once each week for 3 weeks. Service by publication shall be permitted only upon order of a child support magistrate. The child support magistrate may order service by publication upon the filing of an affidavit by the serving party or the serving party's attorney stating that the person to be served is not a resident of the state or cannot be found within the state, the efforts that have been made to locate the other party, and either that the serving party has mailed a copy of the summons or notice to the other party's place of residence or that such residence is not known to the serving party. When the person to be served is not a resident of the state, statutory requirements regarding long-arm jurisdiction shall be met.

(B) Defense by Noninitiating Party. If the summons or notice is served by publication and the noninitiating party receives no actual notification of the proceeding, either before judgment or within one year of entry of judgment the noninitiating party may seek relief pursuant to Minn. R. Civ. P. 4.043.

Subd. 2.Service by U.S. Mail.

Service by U.S. mail means mailing a copy of the document by first-class mail, postage prepaid, addressed to the person to be served at the person's last known address. Service by mail shall be made only by the sheriff or by any other person who is at least 18 years of age who is not a party to the proceeding. Pursuant to Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 518A.46, subdivision 2, paragraph (c), clause (4), an employee of the county agency may serve documents on the parties.

Subd. 3.Service by Electronic Means.

Unless these rules require personal service, any document may be served by electronic means under Rule 14 upon any party who has agreed to or is required to accept service by electronic means.

(Amended effective January 1, 2006; amended effective June 1, 2009; amended effective July 1, 2015.)

Advisory Committee Comment - 2008 Amendment

Rule 355.02, subdivisions 1 and 2, are amended to reflect the recodification, effective on January 1, 2007, of portions of the relevant statutes, that became part of Minnesota Statutes, chapter 518A.

Rule 355.03Completion of Service

Personal service is complete upon delivery of the document. Service by U.S. mail is complete upon mailing. Service by publication is complete 21 days after the first publication. Completion of service by electronic means under Rule 14 is governed by Rule 14 of these rules.

(Amended effective July 1, 2015.)

Rule 355.04Proof of Service

Subdivision 1. Parties.

All documents filed with the court shall be accompanied by an affidavit of service, an acknowledgment of service by the party or party's attorney if served by alternative service, or, if served by publication, by the affidavit of the printer or the printer's designee. An affidavit of service shall describe what was served, state how the document was served, upon whom it was served, and the date, time, and place of service. When a document has been served through the E-Filing System in accordance with Rule 14, the record of service on the E-Filing System shall constitute proof of service.

Subd. 2.Court Administrator.

If the court administrator is required or permitted under these rules to serve a document, service may be proved by filing an affidavit of service, by filing a copy of the written notice, or by making a notation in the court's computerized records that service was made.

(Amended effective July 1, 2015.)

Advisory Committee Comment - 2015 Amendments

Rule 355.03 is amended to provide a cross-reference to Rule 14, governing electronic service generally. Additionally, the former provision relating to the time of completion of service by facsimile is deleted because that subject is now governed by Rule 14. The E-Filing System provides proof of service for any service made with it; if a document is served by other means, such as personally, by mail, or other agreed-upon means, separate proof of service must be prepared and filed.